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Results 351 - 400 of 1338
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Tan Yang - - 2012
Several epidemiological investigations, including previous work by our laboratory, indicate that maternal caffeine consumption is associated with intrauterine growth retardation and impaired fetal length growth. Skeletal development is critical for length growth. In the present study, our goals were to determine the effects of prenatal caffeine exposures on fetal skeletal ...
Woolnough C - - 2012
Placental development requires coordinated angiogenesis regulated by multiple factors including angiopoietins. Previously we demonstrated that the concentration of Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) in the sera of women rises markedly in pregnancy in early gestation. This increase is reduced in pregnancies subsequently complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We now show that the ...
Cecati Monia - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The neurotrophin family comprises molecules involved in growth, differentiation, survival, regeneration, normal functions of the neuronal system, and in angiogenesis. We have investigated the expression pattern of neurotrophic signaling molecules in pregnancies complicated by elevated liver enzyme, and low platelet (HELLP) syndrome and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Methods: ...
Constant Marc - - 2012
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to obtain precise knowledge of fetal biometric measurements, in particular crown-rump length (CRL). Our results have been carefully compared to equations found in the literature. Materials and Methods: Single-operator measurements of 2,123 spontaneous pregnancies from a general French population provided new statistical relationships ...
Papapostolou Thalis - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To describe associations among maternal/gestational/neonatal characteristics and midpregnancy amniotic fluid concentrations of the main angiogenic markers vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placental growth factor (PlGF). Methods: In a cohort of 206 normal full-term pregnancies, midpregnancy amniotic fluid VEGF and PlGF reference values were recorded. Possible associations among ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, National Maternity Hospital, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2013
Evidence for a role of vitamin D in maintaining normal glucose homeostasis is inconclusive. We sought to clarify the relationship between maternal and fetal insulin resistance and vitamin D status. This is a prospective cohort study of 60 caucasian pregnant women. Concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), glucose, insulin, and leptin ...
Corcoran Jemma J - - 2012
Context:Discrete regulation of the uterine and placental vasculatures is an important feature of uteroplacental perfusion and pregnancy success because appropriate maternal/fetal exchange of nutrients and gases is crucial for normal fetal growth. Placental vasculature lacks autonomic innervation so tone is controlled by locally derived vasoactive factors. IGF-I, which is produced ...
Brouillet S - - 2012
Identifiable causes of fetal growth restriction (FGR) account for 30 % of cases, but the remainders are idiopathic and are frequently associated with placental dysfunction. We have shown that the angiogenic factor endocrine gland-derived VEGF (EG-VEGF) and its receptors, prokineticin receptor 1 (PROKR1) and 2, (1) are abundantly expressed in human ...
Shavit Tal - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have increased morbidity and mortality. The decision whether to induce labor at term or to expectantly manage these pregnancies is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of these two management strategies in term pregnancies. Study design: This ...
- - 2012
PROFFERED PAPERS Growth cessation is not the necessary norm during the final weeks of gestation Amanda Mummert(1), Michelle Lampl(1) & Philippe Jeanty(2) (1)Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA (2)Women's Ultrasound, Nashville, TN, USA Background: The cessation of growth in late gestation is considered to be a universal consequence ...
Bedaiwy Mohamed A - - 2012
To measure amniotic fluid levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta2 and to characterize their levels with respect to advancing gestational age and pregnancy-related complications. Amniotic fluid was collected from a total of 37 patients, 2 of whom had twin ...
Thompson Jennifer L - - 2012
Fetal growth restriction is a complex problem in modern obstetrics. It is a condition of suboptimal fetal growth based on a genetically predetermined potential and affects approximately 5% to 10% of pregnancies. It is traditionally defined as an estimated fetal weight less than the 10th percentile. Those pregnancies that are ...
Vaughan Owen R - - 2012
Stresses during pregnancy that increase maternal glucocorticoids reduce birth weight in several species. However, the role of natural glucocorticoids in the mother in fetal acquisition of nutrients for growth remains unknown. This study aimed to determine whether fetal growth was reduced as a consequence of altered amino acid supply when ...
Kawakita Tetsuya - - 2012
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is frequently associated with uteroplacental insufficiency. Placental lakes are avillous spaces filled with maternal venous blood that usually do not compromise the pregnancy outcome; however, a few reports describe FGR in association with placental lakes. Reversed middle cerebral artery (MCA) end-diastolic flow is a rare event ...
Zollner Ursula - - 2012
Abstract Pregnancies that occur after infertility treatment, particularly after assisted reproduction, constitute high-risk pregnancies. Occurrences of conditions such as high blood pressure, preeclampsia, growth retardations and bleeding are higher in comparison with the norm of spontaneously entered pregnancies. The rate of premature births and the frequency of intrauterine deaths are ...
Pillay Priya - - 2012
The present study was conducted to compare the gravidogram and ultrasound in the detection of intrauterine growth restriction. This study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Voluntary Health Services, Chennai (TN) from August 2007-May 2009. The study included 321 women with singleton pregnancy in a longitudinal lie. ...
Frederice Claudia Pignatti - - 2012
Aim:  To evaluate pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function and its association with urinary symptoms in the third trimester of pregnancy. Material and Methods:  A cross-sectional study was conducted among 91 nulliparous women at 30-34 weeks of pregnancy. PFM was evaluated by surface electromyography (sEMG) and manual muscle testing, while urinary symptoms ...
Thame M - - 2012
To describe a series of studies conducted which investigated maternal nutrition and its effect on birth outcome. Seven hundred and twelve women attending their first antenatal clinic visit at the University Hospital of the West Indies were invited to join a prospective study. The women were followed throughout their pregnancies ...
Dastjerdi Marzieh Vahid - - 2012
To determine whether the phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, Sildenafil citrate, affects uteroplacental perfusion. Based on a randomized double-blinded and placebo-controlled trial, forty one pregnant women with documented intrauterine growth retardation at 24-37 weeks of gestation were evaluated for the effect of a single dose of Sildenafil citrate on uteroplacental circulation ...
Yusuf Kamran - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Pre-eclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are associated with abnormal placentation. Heme oxygenase (HO) and carbon monoxide (CO) are involved in normal placental development and function and vasomotor control in the placenta. The objective of our study was to measure CO levels, as assessed by carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) ...
Clayton Douglass B - - 2012
Prenatal ultrasound is an integral part of caring for pregnant women in the United States. Although surprisingly few data exist to support the clinical benefit of screening ultrasound during pregnancy, its use continues to rise. Urologic anomalies are among the most commonly identified, with overall detection sensitivity approaching 90%. Prenatal ...
Ueda Yusuke - - 2012
Whether to manage placenta previa percreta surgically or conservatively has been a controversial issue. A 30-year-old woman with placenta percreta with bladder involvement was treated conservatively. A planned cesarean section was performed at 33 weeks' gestation. A 1768-g female infant was delivered through a transverse fundal uterine incision with the placenta ...
Bildircin Fatma Devran - - 2012
Bladder exstrophy (BE) is a rare congenital anomaly. Owing to the advanced reconstructive surgical techniques and effective antibiotics, the incidence of urinary and systemic complications in patients with BE has decreased and the life expectancy has increased. However, this brings along social, sexual, and psychological problems; particularly, successful pregnancy and ...
Lakmichi Mohamed Amine - - 2012
We report a rare case of a patient presenting with a nonmuscle invasive papillomatosis transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder in the second trimester of pregnancy. We describe the management dilemmas encountered and the challenging treatment option selected to optimize outcome for the patient and infant. Close collaboration between urologists, ...
Xie Jing-Xian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of congenital heart disease (CHD) or congestive heart failure (CHF) on fetal urine production rate (UPR) and to establish normal reference intervals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on normal fetuses (n = 314) and on fetuses with CHD (n = 49). CHD cases were divided into groups on ...
Deans Rebecca - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the reproductive outcomes of 52 women with classical bladder exstrophy. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational study with cross-sectional and retrospective arms. RESULTS: The average age of the sample was 33 years (range, 17-63). Of those who had tried, 19/38 (66%) had conceived. A total ...
Uludag Seyfettin - - 2012
Bladder exstrophy is a very rare congenital malformation in which the anterior wall of the bladder is absent, and the posterior wall is exposed externally. The differential diagnosis includes omphalocele, gastroschisis, and cloacal exstrophy. Ultrasound and Doppler examinations are the main diagnostic tools. Although mortality is low, termination of pregnancy ...
Dorairaj Jayalakshmi - - 2012
Trauma during pregnancy can present a unique challenge because of care for the mother and the fetus. About 6-7% of all pregnant patients are exposed to some sort of trauma, especially during the third trimester, with 0.3-0.4% requiring hospitalization. Although mostly accidental, injuries are sometimes caused by intentional violence. There ...
Botelho Simone - - 2012
Introduction and Objectives: The increase of the intensity of urinary symptoms in late pregnancy and postpartum has been well documented by several authors, but their causes remain uncertain, partly because of its probable multifactor origin. There are also controversies whether the etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms during pregnancy is ...
Vose Lauren - - 2012
A case of enterobiasis in pregnancy that presented as copious nocturnal vaginal discharge is reported. Enterobius vermicularis is the most common parasite infecting humans. Transmission can be fecal-oral or via fomites, and recently arrived immigrants from developing countries and individuals who live in households with young children are particularly at ...
Law H - - 2012
The majority of urogynaecological problems can manifest during pregnancy or as a direct result of pregnancy and delivery. Those most commonly occurring during pregnancy are urinary tract infection, filling and voiding disorders, urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and faecal incontinence. The development of these may be as a result of ...
Gandham Sahruda - - 2012
We present a case of spontaneously conceived monochorionic triamniotic triplet pregnancy with no fetal anomaly or feto-fetal transfusion. The mother developed gestational diabetes at 20&emsp14;weeks gestation, and at 20&emsp14;weeks and 4&emsp14;days gestation triplet 2 was found to have selective growth restriction and absent end diastolic flow. Although laser treatment and ...
Wooldridge Rachel J - - 2012
A 27-year-old Ghanaian primigravida with a known triamniotic trichorionic triplet pregnancy presented at 17&emsp14;weeks gestation following a miscarriage of one triplet at home. Examination and investigation revealed no signs of imminent delivery or infection. After careful counselling with regard to prognosis and options available for management, the couple opted for ...
Li Jian - - 2012
The multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein (PGP) is expressed in the human placenta. In particular the C3435T ABCB1 polymorphism was associated with altered tissue expression of PGP in the human placenta. However, the potential functional impact of this polymorphism on the offspring is unknown so far. We analyzed the impact of the ...
Bazer Fuller W - - 2012
There is a dialogue between the developing conceptus (embryo-fetus and associated placental membranes) and maternal uterus which must be established during the peri-implantation period for pregnancy recognition signaling, implantation, regulation of gene expression by uterine epithelial and stromal cells, placentation and exchange of nutrients and gases. The uterus provide a ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2012
The numbers of syphilis cases have been increasing considerably, especially in eastern europe, thereby contributing towards greater chances of cases of congenital syphilis. Some of the complications of congenital syphilis can be detected on two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS), and these are generally manifested in the second trimester of pregnancy. The commonest ...
Passarinho Rita Marquez - - 2012
The authors report an unusual case of adnexal torsion in a patient in the third trimester of pregnancy. A 32-year-old woman, gravida 1, para 0, in the 32nd week of gestation initially presented with clinical signs of acute appendicitis. On laparotomy, it was identified that a necrotic mass of the ...
Mohamed Ismail Nor Azlin - - 2012
Pheochromocytoma during pregnancy is potentially disastrous to the mother and fetus. Its ambiguous presentation is often mistaken for pre-eclampsia, although it may imitate other problems during pregnancy. Early diagnosis and timely, appropriate management reduces possible maternal and fetal complications. We identified a case of pheochromocytoma during pregnancy; the condition was ...
Lager Susanne - - 2012
Abnormal fetal growth, both growth restriction and overgrowth, is associated with perinatal complications and an increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease later in life. Fetal growth is dependent on nutrient availability, which in turn is related to the capacity of the placenta to transport these nutrients. The activity of ...
Griffin Jennifer B - - 2012
During early pregnancy, the placenta develops to meet the metabolic demands of the foetus. The objective of this analysis was to examine the effect of malaria parasitaemia prior to 20 weeks' gestation on subsequent changes in uterine and umbilical artery blood flow and intrauterine growth restriction. Data were analysed from ...
Avagliano Laura - - 2012
The placenta represents a key organ for fetal growth as it acts as an interface between mother and fetus, regulating the fetal-maternal exchange of nutrients, gases, and waste products. During pregnancy, amino acids represent one of the major nutrients for fetal life, and both maternal and fetal concentrations are significantly ...
Pisaneschi Silvia - - 2012
Fetal Growth Restriction is often associated with a feto-placental vascular dysfunction conceivably involving endothelial cells. Our study aimed to verify this pathogenic role for feto-placental endothelial cells and, coincidentally, demonstrate any abnormality in the nitric oxide system. Prenatal assessment of feto-placental vascular function was combined with measurement of nitric oxide ...
Ayala Ramírez Paola P Instituto de Genética Humana, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. E-mail: - - 2012
to quantify placenta-specific RNA in plasma of women carrying foetuses with intrauterine growth restriction and pregnant women with normal pregnancies. 8 pregnant women with foetuses with intrauterine growth restriction were studied as well as 18 women with uncomplicated pregnancies in the third pregnancy trimester. Total free RNA was quantified in ...
Mesa Ernesto González - - 2011
In the past 50 years the incidence of multiple pregnancies has increased dramatically due almost exclusively to two factors: delayed childbearing and assisted reproductive techniques. In this paper we analyze the variations in the incidence of multiple gestations in Andalusia, one of the biggest administrative regions in Spain, over the ...
Krishna Usha - - 2011
Fetal growth restriction is defined as a pathologic decrease in the rate of fetal growth. The most frequent etiology for late onset fetal growth restriction is uteroplacental dysfunction which is due to inadequate supply of nutrients and oxygen to support normal aerobic growth of the fetus. However, for symmetrical IUGR, ...
Kathiresan A S Q - - 2011
There are few reports of pregnancy outcomes in couples with anejaculatory infertility secondary to multiple sclerosis and no longitudinal reports of semen quality in this population. We report our experience with one such case. The couple achieved two live births from spermatozoa obtained with electroejaculation: the first by intrauterine insemination ...
Borja de Mozota Daphné - - 2011
PURPOSE: Multiple myeloma, a hematological malignancy generally affecting elderly people, was diagnosed at the beginning of the pregnancy of a 33-year-old woman. We carried out a literature review in order to evaluate the consequences of this cancer on pregnancy and of pregnancy on multiple myeloma, as to determine the specific ...
Lee Jaime - - 2011
At antenatal ultrasound, severe megacystis implies high foetal mortality rate. Traditionally, many of these foetuses undergo termination of pregnancy. We undertook a study to investigate the prognostic factor(s) for megacystis foetuses. 61 consecutive cases of antenatally diagnosed severe megacystis between 1988 to 2008 were reviewed from a statewide tertiary referral ...
Avise John C - - 2011
We summarize the genetic literature on polygamy rates and sire numbers per clutch in invertebrate animals that brood their offspring and then compare findings with analogous data previously compiled for vertebrate species displaying viviparity or other pregnancy-like syndromes. As deduced from molecular parentage analyses of several thousand broods from more ...
Hellwig Kerstin - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis is a common disease of young adults in which accidental and unplanned pregnancies under disease modifying or immunosuppressive therapies may occur. The experience with mitoxantrone (MIX) especially in the first trimenon is very limited, until now only one case of a pregnant woman with MS who was exposed ...
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