Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1266
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Ueda Yusuke - - 2012
Whether to manage placenta previa percreta surgically or conservatively has been a controversial issue. A 30-year-old woman with placenta percreta with bladder involvement was treated conservatively. A planned cesarean section was performed at 33 weeks' gestation. A 1768-g female infant was delivered through a transverse fundal uterine incision with the placenta ...
Bildircin Fatma Devran - - 2012
Bladder exstrophy (BE) is a rare congenital anomaly. Owing to the advanced reconstructive surgical techniques and effective antibiotics, the incidence of urinary and systemic complications in patients with BE has decreased and the life expectancy has increased. However, this brings along social, sexual, and psychological problems; particularly, successful pregnancy and ...
Lakmichi Mohamed Amine - - 2012
We report a rare case of a patient presenting with a nonmuscle invasive papillomatosis transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder in the second trimester of pregnancy. We describe the management dilemmas encountered and the challenging treatment option selected to optimize outcome for the patient and infant. Close collaboration between urologists, ...
Xie Jing-Xian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of congenital heart disease (CHD) or congestive heart failure (CHF) on fetal urine production rate (UPR) and to establish normal reference intervals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on normal fetuses (n = 314) and on fetuses with CHD (n = 49). CHD cases were divided into groups on ...
Deans Rebecca - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the reproductive outcomes of 52 women with classical bladder exstrophy. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational study with cross-sectional and retrospective arms. RESULTS: The average age of the sample was 33 years (range, 17-63). Of those who had tried, 19/38 (66%) had conceived. A total ...
Uludag Seyfettin - - 2012
Bladder exstrophy is a very rare congenital malformation in which the anterior wall of the bladder is absent, and the posterior wall is exposed externally. The differential diagnosis includes omphalocele, gastroschisis, and cloacal exstrophy. Ultrasound and Doppler examinations are the main diagnostic tools. Although mortality is low, termination of pregnancy ...
Dorairaj Jayalakshmi - - 2012
Trauma during pregnancy can present a unique challenge because of care for the mother and the fetus. About 6-7% of all pregnant patients are exposed to some sort of trauma, especially during the third trimester, with 0.3-0.4% requiring hospitalization. Although mostly accidental, injuries are sometimes caused by intentional violence. There ...
Botelho Simone - - 2012
Introduction and Objectives: The increase of the intensity of urinary symptoms in late pregnancy and postpartum has been well documented by several authors, but their causes remain uncertain, partly because of its probable multifactor origin. There are also controversies whether the etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms during pregnancy is ...
Vose Lauren - - 2012
A case of enterobiasis in pregnancy that presented as copious nocturnal vaginal discharge is reported. Enterobius vermicularis is the most common parasite infecting humans. Transmission can be fecal-oral or via fomites, and recently arrived immigrants from developing countries and individuals who live in households with young children are particularly at ...
Law H - - 2012
The majority of urogynaecological problems can manifest during pregnancy or as a direct result of pregnancy and delivery. Those most commonly occurring during pregnancy are urinary tract infection, filling and voiding disorders, urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and faecal incontinence. The development of these may be as a result of ...
Gandham Sahruda - - 2012
We present a case of spontaneously conceived monochorionic triamniotic triplet pregnancy with no fetal anomaly or feto-fetal transfusion. The mother developed gestational diabetes at 20&emsp14;weeks gestation, and at 20&emsp14;weeks and 4&emsp14;days gestation triplet 2 was found to have selective growth restriction and absent end diastolic flow. Although laser treatment and ...
Wooldridge Rachel J - - 2012
A 27-year-old Ghanaian primigravida with a known triamniotic trichorionic triplet pregnancy presented at 17&emsp14;weeks gestation following a miscarriage of one triplet at home. Examination and investigation revealed no signs of imminent delivery or infection. After careful counselling with regard to prognosis and options available for management, the couple opted for ...
Li Jian - - 2012
The multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein (PGP) is expressed in the human placenta. In particular the C3435T ABCB1 polymorphism was associated with altered tissue expression of PGP in the human placenta. However, the potential functional impact of this polymorphism on the offspring is unknown so far. We analyzed the impact of the ...
Bazer Fuller W - - 2012
There is a dialogue between the developing conceptus (embryo-fetus and associated placental membranes) and maternal uterus which must be established during the peri-implantation period for pregnancy recognition signaling, implantation, regulation of gene expression by uterine epithelial and stromal cells, placentation and exchange of nutrients and gases. The uterus provide a ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2012
The numbers of syphilis cases have been increasing considerably, especially in eastern europe, thereby contributing towards greater chances of cases of congenital syphilis. Some of the complications of congenital syphilis can be detected on two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS), and these are generally manifested in the second trimester of pregnancy. The commonest ...
Passarinho Rita Marquez - - 2012
The authors report an unusual case of adnexal torsion in a patient in the third trimester of pregnancy. A 32-year-old woman, gravida 1, para 0, in the 32nd week of gestation initially presented with clinical signs of acute appendicitis. On laparotomy, it was identified that a necrotic mass of the ...
Mohamed Ismail Nor Azlin - - 2012
Pheochromocytoma during pregnancy is potentially disastrous to the mother and fetus. Its ambiguous presentation is often mistaken for pre-eclampsia, although it may imitate other problems during pregnancy. Early diagnosis and timely, appropriate management reduces possible maternal and fetal complications. We identified a case of pheochromocytoma during pregnancy; the condition was ...
Lager Susanne - - 2012
Abnormal fetal growth, both growth restriction and overgrowth, is associated with perinatal complications and an increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease later in life. Fetal growth is dependent on nutrient availability, which in turn is related to the capacity of the placenta to transport these nutrients. The activity of ...
Griffin Jennifer B - - 2012
During early pregnancy, the placenta develops to meet the metabolic demands of the foetus. The objective of this analysis was to examine the effect of malaria parasitaemia prior to 20 weeks' gestation on subsequent changes in uterine and umbilical artery blood flow and intrauterine growth restriction. Data were analysed from ...
Avagliano Laura - - 2012
The placenta represents a key organ for fetal growth as it acts as an interface between mother and fetus, regulating the fetal-maternal exchange of nutrients, gases, and waste products. During pregnancy, amino acids represent one of the major nutrients for fetal life, and both maternal and fetal concentrations are significantly ...
Pisaneschi Silvia - - 2012
Fetal Growth Restriction is often associated with a feto-placental vascular dysfunction conceivably involving endothelial cells. Our study aimed to verify this pathogenic role for feto-placental endothelial cells and, coincidentally, demonstrate any abnormality in the nitric oxide system. Prenatal assessment of feto-placental vascular function was combined with measurement of nitric oxide ...
Mesa Ernesto González - - 2011
In the past 50 years the incidence of multiple pregnancies has increased dramatically due almost exclusively to two factors: delayed childbearing and assisted reproductive techniques. In this paper we analyze the variations in the incidence of multiple gestations in Andalusia, one of the biggest administrative regions in Spain, over the ...
Krishna Usha - - 2011
Fetal growth restriction is defined as a pathologic decrease in the rate of fetal growth. The most frequent etiology for late onset fetal growth restriction is uteroplacental dysfunction which is due to inadequate supply of nutrients and oxygen to support normal aerobic growth of the fetus. However, for symmetrical IUGR, ...
Kathiresan A S Q - - 2011
There are few reports of pregnancy outcomes in couples with anejaculatory infertility secondary to multiple sclerosis and no longitudinal reports of semen quality in this population. We report our experience with one such case. The couple achieved two live births from spermatozoa obtained with electroejaculation: the first by intrauterine insemination ...
Borja de Mozota Daphné - - 2011
PURPOSE: Multiple myeloma, a hematological malignancy generally affecting elderly people, was diagnosed at the beginning of the pregnancy of a 33-year-old woman. We carried out a literature review in order to evaluate the consequences of this cancer on pregnancy and of pregnancy on multiple myeloma, as to determine the specific ...
Lee Jaime - - 2011
At antenatal ultrasound, severe megacystis implies high foetal mortality rate. Traditionally, many of these foetuses undergo termination of pregnancy. We undertook a study to investigate the prognostic factor(s) for megacystis foetuses. 61 consecutive cases of antenatally diagnosed severe megacystis between 1988 to 2008 were reviewed from a statewide tertiary referral ...
Avise John C - - 2011
We summarize the genetic literature on polygamy rates and sire numbers per clutch in invertebrate animals that brood their offspring and then compare findings with analogous data previously compiled for vertebrate species displaying viviparity or other pregnancy-like syndromes. As deduced from molecular parentage analyses of several thousand broods from more ...
Hellwig Kerstin - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis is a common disease of young adults in which accidental and unplanned pregnancies under disease modifying or immunosuppressive therapies may occur. The experience with mitoxantrone (MIX) especially in the first trimenon is very limited, until now only one case of a pregnant woman with MS who was exposed ...
Hull Andrew D - - 2011
Placenta accreta is a significant source of obstetric morbidity and mortality. Its incidence is increasing as a direct consequence of the increasing cesarean section rate, which reflects increased rates of maternal obesity, increased numbers of multiple gestations secondary to assisted reproductive technology, physician concern about litigation for adverse obstetric outcome, ...
Kasenda Benjamin - - 2011
Multiple myeloma is the second most commonly diagnosed hematologic malignancy. It is characterized by the accumulation of monoclonal plasma cells. It typically manifests in the sixth decade of life or later, whereas the incidence in patients who are younger than 40 years old is extremely rare. Here, we report the ...
Vanmiddlesworth Lester - - 2011
Objective: To test whether the serial measurement of maternal levels of compound W, a 3,3'-diiodothyronine sulfate cross-reactive substance, can serve as a potential indicator of fetal thyroid function in pregnant women receiving antithyroid medication.Methods: Compound W was measured repeatedly in serum of pregnant women with hyperthyroidism treated with antithyroid medication. ...
Bayas A - - 2011
Natalizumab is neither licensed for the use in adolescents nor during pregnancy. There are no reports of accidental natalizumab exposure during pregnancy continued as long as to the third trimester of pregnancy. We report the outcome of pregnancy in a 17-year-old adolescent patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) treated with natalizumab ...
Yan Yu-Qin - - 2011
The importance of diagnosis and treatment of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy has been widely recognized. We therefore established trimester- and method-specific reference intervals for thyroid testing in pregnant women according to the NACB recommended criteria. Several factors can affect the setting of reference intervals, in particular manufacturer's methodology, euthyroid definition ...
Adriani K S - - 2011
Clin Microbiol Infect 2011 ABSTRACT: Few cases of bacterial meningitis during pregnancy have been reported in the literature, and the causative microorganisms and prognosis of bacterial meningitis during pregnancy are unclear. In a 6-year period we identified six cases of bacterial meningitis in pregnant women. All were multigravida and gestational ...
Fong Shirley A - - 2011
Objective. Determine which factors predict multiple pregnancy in gonadotropin-intrauterine insemination cycles so that cancellation criteria might be developed. Study Design. Retrospective chart review of all patients undergoing gonadotropin-intrauterine insemination over a continuous 36 month period. Results. No factors examined were able to predict the occurrence of multiple pregnancy. Conclusion. Multiple ...
Wilson C - - 2011
To evaluate whether using donated embryos from more than one source has a negative impact on pregnancy rates compared to a single source. Retrospective review of all donor embryo transfers that occurred in our IVF center over a 10-year period. Embryos were all from our own patient pool. There were ...
Yalcinkaya Tamer M - - 2011
Severe postovum retrieval complications such as tuboovarian abscess are rare. We present an early pelvic infection case following egg retrieval. A 31-year-old woman with unexplained infertility developed early pelvic infection subsequent to transvaginal oocyte retrieval (TVOR). Broad spectrum antibiotics were administered. Upon persistence of fever and ultrasonographic appearance of probable ...
Ballard Celia K - - 2011
Multiple pregnancies are associated with higher rates of perinatal mortality and morbidity than singleton pregnancies, mainly due to an increased risk of preterm birth. Because fetal outcome is best at a particular range of maternal weight gain, it has been suggested that women with multiple pregnancies should take special diets ...
Zhu Lirong - - 2011
Multiple system atrophy is a late, adult-onset α-synucleinopathy with no data on the effect of pregnancy on the disease course. Early stage multiple system atrophy can be difficult to distinguish from Parkinson's disease. We describe the case of an Irish woman with parkinsonism starting at age 31, initially diagnosed as ...
Verhaeghe J J Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, U.Z. Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, - - 2011
The administration of a course of antenatal glucocorticoids (AG) to improve neonatal outcome after preterm birth is a prime example of evidence-based medicine, but the current clinical application of AG is too broad. AG override the glucocorticoid enzymatic placental barrier in order to elicit fetal lung maturation at a pre-physiological ...
Konova Emiliana - - 2010
Pregnancy loss is a frequent event. Autoimmune thyroid disorders and altered natural killer (NK) cell functions are two distinct risk factors, which independently could induce adverse pregnancy outcome. Thyroid autoimmunity has been an object of increased attention by investigators in the context of pregnancy loss. Peripheral NK cells and uNK ...
Bourcigaux N - - 2010
During pregnancy, the production rate of thyroid hormone increases when iodine intake is sufficient. However, the appropriateness of the free thyroxin (FT4) immunoassay is questionable. We have therefore evaluated prospectively the thyroid function in pregnancy and the relevance of the FT4 immunoassay. The thyroid function of 114 pregnant, healthy Parisian ...
Soldin Offie P - - 2010
The treatment of maternal hypothyroidism presents clinicians with a unique challenge, because dosing regimens previously developed and validated for nonpregnant women cannot be easily extrapolated to dosing in pregnancy. Thyroid hormone requirement increases by 20% to 40% early during pregnancy, persisting throughout gestation. Accordingly, women with treated hypothyroidism need to ...
Mnyani C N - - 2011
Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important infection in women globally. It is responsible for 700 000 deaths annually and is a major contributor to maternal mortality. Mycobacterium tuberculosis/HIV co-infection is common in areas of high HIV prevalence, and may be associated with significant perinatal and maternal morbidity. Improved diagnosis and treatment ...
Wang Weiwei - - 2011
Maternal thyroid disorders during early pregnancy can influence pregnancy outcome and fetal development. The recent Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline recommends a case-finding approach in which pregnant women who are at high risk for developing thyroid disease are tested. The purpose of this study was to use the first trimester-specific ...
Reh Andrea - - 2011
In this case-control study of euthyroid first-cycle IVF patients ≥ 38 years old with singleton baby, miscarriage, biochemical pregnancy, and no pregnancy outcomes from 2005-2008, we assayed frozen serum for autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and thyroid function at cycle start, trigger, and 4 and 5 weeks' gestation. AITD prevalence in ...
Ashoor Ghalia - - 2010
To determine if maternal thyroid function in the first trimester is altered in pregnancies that subsequently develop preeclampsia (PE). Mean arterial pressure (MAP), uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) maternal serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3) at 11 to 13 weeks of gestation were measured ...
Basbug Mustafa - - 2010
A 33-year-old woman with a history of surgically treated papillary thyroid carcinoma was inadvertently given radioactive iodine when she was 16 weeks pregnant. Sonographic examination revealed fetal thyroid hypoplasia, and cordocentesis confirmed fetal hypothyroidism at 22 weeks. The pregnancy was terminated at 24 weeks. We report the first case of ...
Shamim Abu Ahmed - - 2012
Adequate maternal iodine intake is essential during pregnancy for the development of the foetus. To assess the extent of iodine insufficiency and its association with household iodized salt in rural Bangladesh, we measured urinary iodine and household salt iodine content among pregnant women in early (≤16 weeks, n = 1376) and late ...
Vico Irene - - 2011
We report a case of fetal goiter in a pregnant woman with Graves-Basedow disease. It was diagnosed in the third trimester by a routine ultrasound, and the cordocentesis verified increased levels of thyroxine (T4) and increased autoantibodies (antithyroperoxidase antibodies) that were also increased in maternal blood. Fetal goiter got smaller ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >