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Asheer Subuhi S Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article draws on data from the ongoing federal Evaluation of Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Approaches to discuss the early implementation experiences of two new and innovative programs intended to delay rapid repeat pregnancy among teen mothers: (1) AIM 4 Teen Moms, in Los Angeles County, California; and (2) Teen Options ...
Dong Wenhong - - 2013
Maternal ethanol consumption during pregnancy can induce learning deficits in the offspring. The objective of this study was to assess whether supplementation of exogenous nucleotides during pregnancy and lactation would ameliorate prenatal ethanol-induced learning and memory deficits in the offspring of mice, and to explore the possible mechanisms. In the ...
Guenot C - - 2013
Introduction: A standardized three-dimensional ultrasonographic (3DUS) protocol is described that allows fetal face reconstruction. Ability to identify cleft lip with 3DUS using this protocol was assessed by operators with minimal 3DUS experience. Material and Methods: 260 stored volumes of fetal face were analyzed using a standardized protocol by operators with ...
Deka Dipika D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, 110 029 - - 2012
To study the feasibility, learning curve, and safety of fetoscopy, so that fetal surgery can be confidently performed in ongoing pregnancies. Fetoscopy was performed at 12-20 weeks of gestation, in 12 women with fetal congenital malformations and/or for termination of pregnancy, under local anesthesia using fine fetoscopes ranging from 1 to ...
Moatti-Cohen Marie - - 2012
Pregnancy may be complicated by a rare but life-threatening disease named thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Most TTP are due to an acquired auto-immune or a hereditary severe deficiency of ADAMTS13. The interest of the differential diagnosis between acquired and hereditary TTP (Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS)) in an obstetrical context is poorly ...
Marnerides Andreas - - 2011
Abstract Linear growth of the human fetal gastrointestinal tract is not often discussed in the literature and little is known about the effects of chromosomal abnormalities and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) on intestinal length, especially during the second trimester. Accurate evaluation of the intestinal length and knowledge of normal and ...
Al Qahtani N - - 2011
Small fetuses constitute a large heterogenous group that includes healthy small fetuses, chromosomally abnormal fetuses and fetuses suffering from utero-placental insufficiency leading to restriction in fetal growth. This review outlines the diagnosis of intra-uterine growth restriction and describes how to differentiate this group from the group of healthy small fetuses. ...
Ozcan Deren - - 2011
Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy is the most common specific dermatosis of pregnancy. It usually develops in the third trimester and rapidly resolves in the first weeks postpartum. Intensely pruritic urticarial papules and plaques initially occur on the abdomen and/or proximal thighs, particularly within or adjacent to striae distensae with periumbilical ...
Ereş Gülden - - 2011
Background: Although recent studies have focused on the role of human herpes viruses in various types of periodontal disease, there is a lack of information in these reports regarding the role of pregnancy gingivitis. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between pregnancy and subgingival virus presence ...
Alberico S - - 2010
The aim of the study was to compare elective induction of labour at 38 weeks versus expectant management in A1 and A2 gestational diabetes (GDM) pregnancies with fetal growth acceleration. Primary outcome of the study was C-section (CS) rate, while secondary outcomes were macrosomia incidence and adverse perinatal outcomes. A ...
Golightly E E University of Edinburgh, Division of Reproductive and Developmental Sciences, Centre for Reproductive Biology, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, United - - 2011
Human parturition is an inflammatory event, modulated and influenced by a host of other environmental and physiological processes, including the endocrine hormones. Complex bidirectional communication occurs between the two systems to bring about some of the changes that are seen in labour, an event that is not yet fully understood. ...
Isma Nazim - - 2010
It has recently been reported that women treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) during pregnancy had 3 h shorter duration of delivery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether LMWH (dalteparin) affects labour. From January 1996 to December 2005, 217 consecutive pregnancies, out of 34 216 ...
Connealy Brendan D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidural abscess is a rare complication of regional anesthesia, and spontaneous formation is even more uncommon. Diabetes mellitus, concomitant infection, intravenous drug use, and immune suppression are risk factors for spontaneous epidural abscess. CASE: A 29-year-old white woman presented at 28 weeks of estimated gestational age reporting an intermittent ...
Allen Victoria M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the contribution of select maternal groups to temporal trends in Caesarean section (CS) rates. METHODS: Using the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database, all deliveries by CS during the 24-year period from 1984 to 2007, at the Women's Hospital, IWK Health Centre were identified. Deliveries by CS were ...
Modlock J - - 2010
To investigate whether acupuncture is effective for the induction of labour in post-term pregnancies. A double-blind multicentre randomised controlled study. Aarhus University Hospital and Herning Regional Hospital, Denmark. One hundred and twenty-five healthy women with uneventful pregnancies at gestational week 41(+6) were randomised into two groups. The intervention group was ...
Souccar Nada M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The periodontopathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) has been reported as a risk factor for preterm labour. Its pathogenesis and role in pregnancy have not been investigated in Lebanon. Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in pregnant women with periodontitis also appear to mediate preterm labour. METHODOLOGY: The study included 20 pregnant ...
Baker Joseph F - - 2010
Acetabular labral tears are usually seen in individuals in whom the hip is exposed to elevated axial and torsional forces. In our experience we have encountered a series of female patients in whom symptom onset was during pregnancy or obstetric labour. We reviewed our patient database to identify all patients ...
Bogdanova Nadja - - 2010
This review summarizes current knowledge about the role of hereditary hypercoagulation factors predisposing to thrombophilia-associated recurrent fetal loss. Thrombophilias are a major cause of adverse pregnancy outcome, playing a role in the etiology of up to 40% of cases worldwide. Hereditary thrombophilic predispositions to recurrent pregnancy wastage include genetic lesions ...
Tingåker Berith K - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review highlights recent findings focusing on effects on the cervical innervation exerted by term pregnancy and labour. RECENT FINDINGS: The corpus uteri is almost denervated in term pregnancy, as demonstrated in both humans and rodents, whereas the cervical innervation remains dense throughout pregnancy and labour. ...
Ande A B - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine why parturients in a low resource setting fail to keep an appointment for induction of labour and evaluate the subsequent pregnancy outcome. The method used was a prospective matched case control study. Results showed that women with only primary school education were ...
Uriel M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the normal range of feto-maternal haemorrhage (FMH) due to labour, and to investigate if the type of delivery might influence the volume of FMH. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective cohort trial setting we studied 346 women in their 3rd trimester of gestation. Women were classified according to ...
Miao Mao-Hua - - 2010
To evaluate the impact of mifepristone-induced abortion (MA) on the duration of third stage labour in a subsequent pregnancy, an observational cohort study was conducted from 1998 to 2001 at antenatal clinics in Shanghai, Beijing and Chengdu, China. A total of 4925 pregnant women with no history of induced abortion ...
Duncombe Greg - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We have determined venous and arterial cord blood levels for IL-6 and TNFalpha at the time of delivery to assess gestational tissue versus fetal sources in labouring and non-labouring patients at term, and the relationship to labour events. METHODS: Fifty-five patients were studied (elective cesarean section n=24, and labouring ...
Syed Shazia - - 2010
To determine the effect of oral Misoprostol in labour induction with respect to ease of administration and induction-to-delivery time interval. Observational study. Gynaecology/Obstetrics Department, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, from March to August 2006. Women with live singleton pregnancy of > 37 weeks gestation with cephalic presentation, with an indication for ...
Boutonnet M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An increase in Mallampati class is associated with difficult laryngoscopy in obstetrics. The goal of our study was to determine the changes in Mallampati class before, during, and after labour, and to identify predictive factors of the changes. METHODS: Mallampati class was evaluated at four time intervals in 87 ...
Sholapurkar S L - - 2010
Intermittent auscultation of fetal heart rate is an accepted practice in low risk labours in many countries. National guidelines on intrapartum fetal monitoring were critically reviewed regarding timing and frequency of intermittent auscultation. Hypothetical but plausible examples are presented to illustrate that it may be possible to miss significant fetal ...
Lu Phoebe D - - 2010
Pemphigoid gestationis is a rare autoimmune blistering disease of pregnancy. It is characterized by pruritic, urticarial plaques with the development of tense vesicles and bullae within the lesions. Pemphigoid gestationis has been associated with premature delivery, small-for-gestational-age infants. Recurrences with subsequent pregnancies are often more severe. Oral glucocorticoids are the ...
Rzepka Rafal - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to review clinical and laboratory outcomes of a cohort of fetuses monitored during high-risk labours, simultaneously by fetal electrocardiography (FECG) and routine cardiotocography (CTG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three parturients from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Medical University were included in the ...
East Christine E - - 2010
Fetal blood sampling for lactate estimation may be considered following identification of an abnormal or non-reassuring fetal heart rate pattern. The smaller volume of blood required for this test, compared with the more traditional pH estimation, may improve sampling rates. The appropriate use of this practice mandates systematic review of ...
Hofmeyr G Justus - - 2010
Misoprostol (Cytotec, Searle) is a prostaglandin E1 analogue widely used for off-label indications such as induction of abortion and of labour. This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction using standardised methodology. To determine the effects of vaginal misoprostol for third trimester ...
Su Lin-Lin LL Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Wing, Singapore, Singapore, - - 2010
Prematurity is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in many countries. Studies of various tocolytic agents have shown mixed results with little effect in improving pregnancy duration and insufficient data to confirm a definite beneficial effect on neonatal morbidity or mortality. Progesterone is known to have an inhibitory ...
Nigam Aruna - - 2010
We undertook this study in order to compare the efficacy of 25 microg versus 50 microg of intravaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and labour induction at term. The study population consisted of 120 women with term singleton pregnancies in vertex presentation booked for caesarean section. They had a Bishop scoring ...
Mealing N M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of induction have been reported in the UK, the USA, Canada and Australia since the early 1990s; however, there is a lack of population-based studies on trends and pharmacological management of induction of labour. AIMS: To determine population trends in induction of labour and predictors of failed ...
Leung Daniel T - - 2009
Acyclovir therapy in late pregnancy among women with recurrent genital herpes is effective in decreasing genital lesion frequency and subclinical viral shedding rates at delivery, thereby decreasing the need for Caesarean section. Despite good adherence and increased dosing schedules, breakthrough lesions and viral shedding are still observed in some women ...
Agarwal U - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of fetal sex on the process and the outcome of induction of labour. This was a retrospective study of 658 women carrying singleton cephalic pregnancies induced at 37-42 completed weeks' gestation. Male fetuses demonstrated significantly more CTG abnormalities and need ...
Tan P C - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Coitus and orgasm in late pregnancy are believed to facilitate the onset of labour. We aim to evaluate the relationship at term of reported coitus and orgasm with spontaneous labour. METHODS: Women at term scheduled for non-urgent labour induction were asked to keep a coitus and orgasm diary. These ...
Evans Maggie - - 2009
This paper explores the contribution of self-help techniques and complementary therapies within the management of postdates pregnancy. The most common reason for induction of labour is postdates pregnancy and not as one would imagine, associated with complex cases that would result in fetal or maternal morbidity without timely intervention. As ...
Gebhardt S - - 2009
Predicting adverse pregnancy outcome in low risk patients in a community with poor socio-economic circumstances is difficult, yet about 5% of these pregnancies will result in preterm labour or severe pre-eclampsia. In this study we aimed to identify markers in pro- and anti-inflammatory genes that may contribute to disease and ...
Boel Machteld Elisabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Castor oil is one of the most popular drugs for induction of labour in a non-medical setting; however, published data on safety and effectiveness of this compound to induce labour remain sparse. AIM: To assess the safety and effectiveness of castor oil for induction of labour in pregnancies with ...
Karaçam Zekiye - - 2011
to investigate the effects of unplanned pregnancy on maternal health in Turkey. a case-control study. a government hospital in Aydın, Turkey. 314 women in the early postpartum period, selected with a non-probability method. significantly more women with unplanned pregnancy had physical problems (76.4% vs. 63.7%; p<0.01) and lower haemoglobin levels ...
Koopmans Corine M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Robust evidence to direct management of pregnant women with mild hypertensive disease at term is scarce. We investigated whether induction of labour in women with a singleton pregnancy complicated by gestational hypertension or mild pre-eclampsia reduces severe maternal morbidity. METHODS: We undertook a multicentre, parallel, open-label randomised controlled trial ...
Chan Ben Chong-Pun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Both maternal height and ethnicity may influence the gestation length, but their independent effect is unclear. AIM: This study was performed to examine the relationship between maternal height and gestational length in women with singleton pregnancies in a Chinese and southeast Asian population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was ...
Gatward Hilary - - 2010
AIM: To explore the women's experiences of being booked for induction of labour for a pregnancy greater than 41 weeks gestation. PARTICIPANTS: 23 primigravidae who were booked for induction: 18 were induced (induction group) and 5 went into spontaneous labour (comparison group). METHOD: Data were collected by a series of ...
Vellekoop Jorik - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate which clinical factors are important in management decisions that clinicians make in the process of labour induction, and which clinical factors they estimate as predictive of labour outcome after induction. STUDY DESIGN: A written interview was conducted among obstetricians, residents and clinical midwives in five teaching hospitals ...
Singh D P - - 2009
Spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma (SSEH) is rare in pregnancy and only five cases have been reported. We present a case of a 25-year-old female G1P0 (gravida one, para zero) who at 31 weeks of gestation developed progressive descending quadriplegia and numbness upto the level of C4. MRI of the spine ...
Vayssière C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare inter-observer agreement for clinical decision-making with cardiotocography (CTG) and combined CTG with ST-segment analysis (STAN). DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Three hospital obstetrics departments in France. POPULATION: Thirty randomly selected nonreassuring CTG recordings during labour of women with singleton term pregnancies in cephalic position. METHODS: Seven obstetricians independently ...
Laursen M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between fear of childbirth and emergency caesarean section and between fear of childbirth and dystocia or protracted labour and fetal distress. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Danish National Birth Cohort. POPULATION: A total of 25 297 healthy nulliparous women in spontaneous labour with a single ...
Ande Adedapo Babatunde - - 2010
To document the experience with social induction of labour (IOL) and compare its outcome with electively induced labour for prolonged pregnancy. A prospective matched case-control study. Social IOL was significantly common in women of high social class (78.3 vs. 45.6%, P = 0.03) and the commonest indication was because the parturient was ...
Pundir J - - 2009
Fetal macrosomia represents a continuing challenge in obstetrics, as it has risk of shoulder dystocia leading to transient or permanent fetal, maternal injury and medicolegal liability. The overall incidence of macrosomia has been rising. Non-diabetic macrosomia is still an obstetric dilemma, as there is no clear consensus regarding its ante-partum ...
Shynlova Oksana - - 2009
In this review, we describe a new model to explain the regulation of myometrial function during pregnancy and labour. We propose that the myometrium undergoes dramatic changes in phenotype from early pregnancy until the onset of labour, characterized by an early proliferative phase, an intermediate phase of cellular hypertrophy and ...
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