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Results 251 - 300 of 776
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Rosén K G - - 2001
The fetal electrocardiogram recorded during labour has so far been used for heart rate recording only. Extensive experimental, bioengineering and clinical research for more than 25 years on changes in the morphology of the electrocardiogram have provided more detailed information on fetal reactions to the stress and strain of labour. ...
Paternoster D M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of (1) maternal epidural analgesia and (2) uterine contractions on fetal oxygen saturation. After informed consent 18 women were included in our prospective, non-blinded, observational study. After 30 min of monitoring fetal oxygen saturation and uterine contractions, all the parturients, ...
Suntharalingam G - - 2001
Five patients with valvular or fixed subvalvular aortic stenosis presented to a high-risk obstetric anaesthetic clinic over a 3-year period. All five were assessed during pregnancy and admitted at full term. A low-dose lumbar epidural analgesia regimen was used during labour and delivery. The use of pre-assessment and planned admission, ...
Carvajal J A - - 2001
It was postulated that chorion releases a substance necessary for the maintenance of uterine quiescence during pregnancy. A decrease in the release of this substance at the end of the pregnancy would be necessary for normal myometrial activation. This hypothesis was tested by demonstrating the ability of chorion to inhibit ...
Janes R - - 2001
AIM: To assess the safety and efficacy of amniotomy induction of labour for women at or past term with a healthy pregnancy and a favourable cervix. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of nine cases involving amniotrophy induction managed by the author since 1991, combined with a literature search for randomised controlled ...
Locatelli A - - 2001
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of nimesulide (100 mg orally twice daily for > 48 hours) in a pilot series of five women (two with twin pregnancies) at 24(+6) weeks (range 21(+3) - 27(+2)) in preterm labour which was unresponsive to intravenous ritodrine. Nimesulide therapy was continued for eight ...
Tribe R M - - 2001
If we are to develop new strategies for the treatment and management of preterm and dysfunctional term labour, it is imperative that we improve current understanding of the control of human uterine activity. Despite many studies of animal pregnancy, there is a paucity of knowledge relating to the complex control ...
Gardeil F - - 2001
A 27 year-old nulliparous woman was admitted to University College Hospital Galway with severe preeclampsia at 21 weeks 'gestation. In addition, there was evidence of HELLP syndrome with renal failure. A decision was made to end the pregnancy to save the mother's life. Labour was induced with misoprostol and vaginal ...
Eeckhout T - - 2001
Three in vitro protocols for the induction of tetraploid Rhododendron simsii hybrids were evaluated. The most successful technique was a daily application of mitotic poison on the apical meristem of seedlings. However, this technique was rather labour intensive. Direct sowing on media enriched with these compounds required less work but ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 2001
Misoprostol (Cytotec, Searle) is a prostaglandin E1 analogue marketed for use in the prevention and treatment of peptic ulcer disease. It is inexpensive, easily stored at room temperature and has few systemic side effects. It is rapidly absorbed orally and vaginally. Although not registered for such use, misoprostol has been ...
Thomas J - - 2001
Studies in sheep showed that there is a pre-labour rise in oestrogen and a decrease in progesterone, both of these changes stimulate prostaglandin production and may help initiate labour. Though oestrogen has been suggested as an effective cervical ripening or induction agent, research in humans have failed to demonstrate a ...
Boulvain M - - 2001
This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction using standardised methodology. Sweeping of the membranes, also commonly named stripping of the membranes, is a relatively simple technique usually performed without admission to hospital. During vaginal examination, the clinician's finger is introduced into ...
Kavanagh J - - 2001
The role of corticosteroids in the process of labour is not well understood. Animal studies have shown the importance of cortisol secretion by the fetal adrenal gland in initiating labour in sheep. Infusion of glucocorticosteroids into the fetus has also shown to induce premature labour in sheep. Some assumptions have ...
Kelly A J - - 2001
Relaxin is a protein hormone composed of two amino acid chains. The role played by relaxin in human pregnancy and parturition is unclear. Its use and involvement as a cervical ripening agent has been debated since the 1950s. Because the main source of human relaxin is the corpus luteum of ...
East C E - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine clinicians' perceptions of placing a fetal oximetry sensor. A survey was developed seeking details of staff category, birth suite experience, previous sensor placement, ease of application and use of epidural analgesia. Following staff feedback, the survey was revised from asking clinicians to ...
Harnett M J - - 2000
PURPOSE: An increasing number of women with cirrhosis are conceiving and carrying their pregnancies to term. However, the maternal mortality rate remains high (10-61%). This case report describes the management of a parturient with esophageal varices and thrombocytopenia. She was also a Jehovah's Witness. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 25-yr-old Jehovah's Witness ...
O'Connell M P - - 2000
This is a comparative study of the annual statistical returns to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists for 1993, 1994 and 1997/8. Over the study period there has been a decrease in normal vaginal deliveries of the order of 3% which is mirrored by a similar increase in caesarean ...
Lucas D N - - 2000
We report the occurrence of severe hypoxaemic episodes associated with the use of Entonox in labour, in an otherwise healthy woman. These did not occur when the parturient breathed room air during contractions and did not recur when epidural analgesia was established. Possible mechanisms of arterial desaturation associated with the ...
Balsells M - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to assess, in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM): 1) metabolic control during labour using a standardised protocol; 2) the influence of therapy during pregnancy in intrapartum metabolic control and insulin requirements; and 3) the impact of maternal glycaemia during labour on neonatal hypoglycaemia. ...
O'Connell M P - - 2000
Electrical impedance may be measured using electrodes on the surface of the cervix and recording the potential that results when an electrical current is passed. Increased hydration of the cervix has been described throughout pregnancy and occurs most dramatically before labour. This study compared tissue impedance measurements of the pregnant ...
Schneider-Kolsky M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in maternal serum levels of activin A and follistatin during pregnancy and labour. DESIGN: In three cross sectional and three longitudinal studies venous blood was collected from women during pregnancy, spontaneous labour, labour induction and prior to elective caesarean section for the measurement of activin A ...
Chilaka V N - - 2000
The objective of the study was to determine the justification or otherwise of admission speculum examination in women presenting with antepartum haemorrhage and the outcome/ benefits of the practice on women with antepartum haemorrhage presenting to the delivery suite of a UK teaching hospital. Factors studied included gestational age at ...
Mawdsley S D - - 2000
This study reviews the outcome of the next labour in women who are delivered vaginally in their first pregnancy. The influence of the method of delivery in the first pregnancy and of factors in both the first and next labour on the type of delivery in the second pregnancy, are ...
Sidorenko V N - - 2000
Music is an ancient method for healing. In the year 550 B.C., Pythagoras from Greece developed a concept for the use of music in medicine, esteeming music higher than many other medical treatments. The Medical Resonance Therapy Music (MRT-Music) of the German classical composer and musicologist Peter Huebner is built ...
Igarashi T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The spread of epidural analgesia is facilitated by pregnancy. Changes in the epidural structure during pregnancy may affect the spread of analgesia in pregnant women. To investigate the changes in the epidural space produced by pregnancy, the authors performed epiduroscopy in pregnant women. METHODS: Using a flexible fiberscope, the ...
McLaren W J - - 2000
Parturition in the ewe is preceded by an increase in the synthesis of prostaglandins (PGs) by gestational tissues. To establish the uterine source of these PGs, placental cotyledons, fetal membranes and maternal uterine tissues were collected from ewes (n=6) at spontaneous parturition. Solubilised tissue extracts were prepared and analysed by ...
Ida A - - 2000
Serum interleukin-18 (IL-18) levels were measured in women in different trimesters of pregnancy, in labour, puerperium and in various complicated pregnancies. There was a significant elevation of IL-18 levels in pregnant sera from the first trimester until the onset of labour. Once labour began, IL-18 levels increased further and remained ...
Kobayashi T - - 2000
We experienced three cases and four successful deliveries with congenital afibrinogenaemia and propose the following guidelines for the prenatal and peripartum management: (i) genital bleeding usually begins at 5 weeks' gestation and spontaneous abortion always occurs at 6-8 weeks' gestation without fibrinogen infusion; (ii) the fibrinogen level must be at ...
Al Bar H - - 2000
In an attempt to review our experience with prostaglandin E2 vaginal tablets in induction of labour in grandmultiparae (parity 5-9) and great grandmultiparae (parity > 9) a retrospective study was carried out at King Faisal Military Hospital in Saudi Arabia over a 2-year period. An evaluation of our protocol for ...
Bako A U - - 2000
There is no certainty about the best way of dealing with a breech presentation first diagnosed in labour. In our unit, the decision to allow a trial of vaginal delivery rested on the clinical assessment of the size of the baby and the maternal pelvis, and the progress of labour. ...
Eddy J W - - 2000
If you are at term after a normal pregnancy and are not lucky enough to live in Portsmouth, then your chance of losing the baby during labour is higher in Great Britain than in nine other European countries, including Slovenia. The NHS Litigation Authority have put aside 1.3 billion Pounds ...
Sahid S - - 2000
Iniencephaly is a rare malformation characterized by the triad of occipital bone defect, cervical dysraphism and fixed retroflexion of the fetal head. Because of its almost invariable lethal prognosis, termination of pregnancy is commonplace when this condition is diagnosed before viability. In this report we describe eight cases of iniencephaly ...
Strachan B K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: There is a need to improve the sensitivity and specificity of fetal monitoring during labour. We compared the gold standard, cardiotocography, with cardiotocography plus time-interval analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram in fetal surveillance. The aim was to find out whether time-interval analysis decreased the need for operative intervention due ...
Mongelli M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between cord blood hepatic enzymes and obstetric and neonatal outcome in a Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 288 low-risk Chinese women with singleton term pregnancies. The following enzymes were assayed in cord blood: lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glutamyl transferase (GGT), aspartate ...
Duff C - - 2000
Induction of labour is a valuable obstetric procedure, providing obstetricians with the means to intervene should the health of the fetus be in jeopardy. Currently the most common reason for induction of labour is prolonged pregnancy, as obstetricians and midwives are concerned about the risks of postmaturity such as stillbirth, ...
Robinson J E - - 2000
PURPOSE: To describe the anesthetic and obstetrical management of a pregnant patient with co-existing Familial Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (FHPP) and Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW). CLINICAL FEATURES: A 29 yr-old primigravida with FHPP and WPW presented to the antenatal clinic at 18 wk gestation, for consideration of her anesthetic and obstetrical management ...
Mijovic J E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthase (PGHS) expression in the gestational tissues and fetal fibronectin in cervico-vaginal fluids before the onset of labour at term. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SAMPLES: Amnion, chorion laeve and decidua were collected from 24 term pregnant women following elective caesarean section. ...
Loganath A - - 2000
The cholesterol biosynthetic activity was assessed using [2-(14)C]-acetate as substrate in the homogenates of amnion and chorion obtained from women (n = 6, age 26-39 years) after spontaneous labour at term (37-40 weeks of gestation) having uncomplicated pregnancies. Reverse-isotope dilution analysis gave positive identification of [(14)C]-cholesterol acetate in all incubations ...
van Wijngaarden W J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To test the T/QRS ratio of the fetal electrocardiogram for normal distribution and assess the potential value of an individualised T/QRS ratio threshold to depict abnormality in the detection of fetal compromise during labour. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of twenty intrapartum fetal electrocardiogram recordings obtained on the labour ...
Sawdy R J - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine the relative contributions of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) types 1 and 2 to prostaglandin synthesis at term. METHODS: Fetal membranes were collected from 6 pregnancies after elective caesarean section at term, prior to labour. The presence of COX-1 and COX-2 protein was determined using ...
Chapman K - - 2000
The finding that a brow presenting within the pelvic cavity in the mento-anterior position during the second stage of labour could be easily and safely delivered by means of Kielland's forceps rotation and extraction led to a search for the cause of this rare phenomenon since normally brows are associated ...
Högberg U - - 2000
The aim of this study is to assess the interactive dynamics of power, passenger and passage in relation to an adverse course of labour. The design was a community-based follow-up of all women with singleton pregnancies experiencing spontaneous term labour. Median of first stage was 2.6 h for multiparas and ...
Pafumi C - - 2000
The health background management and outcome of five pregnancies in women affected by Cooley Disease are described and the preconceptual guidance and care are considered. The patients were selected from a group of 103 thalassemic women divided into three subgroups according to their first and successive menstruation characteristics. Only one ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 2000
Maternal oxygen administration has been used in an attempt to lessen fetal distress by increasing the available oxygen from the mother. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of maternal oxygenation for fetal distress during labour and to assess the effects of prophylactic oxygen therapy during the ...
Tan B P - - 2000
The conventional method of induction of labour is with intravenous oxytocin. More recently, induction with prostaglandins, followed by an infusion of oxytocin if necessary, has been used. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of induction of labour with prostaglandins compared with oxytocin, at or near term. ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 2000
Fetal heart rate changes are common following regional analgesia during labour. Reduced uterine blood flow from maternal hypotension may contribute to this. Intravenous fluid preloading (volume expansion) may help to reduce maternal hypotension. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of prophylactic intravenous fluid preloading prior to ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 2000
Amnioinfusion aims to relieve umbilical cord compression during labour by infusing a liquid into the uterine cavity. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of prophylactic amnioinfusion for oligohydramnios compared with therapeutic amnioinfusion only if fetal heart rate decelerations or thick meconium-staining of the liquor occur. The ...
McDonald S - - 2000
The routine prophylactic administration of an oxytocic agent is an integral part of active management of the third stage of labour. These agents help prevent postpartum haemorrhage. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of ergometrine-oxytocin (syntometrine) with oxytocin alone in reducing the risk of postpartum haemorrhage ...
Mahomed K - - 2000
It has been suggested that low serum zinc levels may be associated with abnormalities of labour, although this has not yet been established. The objective of this review was to assess the effect of zinc supplementation in pregnancy on maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth ...
Irion O - - 2000
Suspected macrosomic fetuses are usually induced in order to reduce the risk of difficult operative delivery. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of a policy of labour induction for suspected fetal macrosomia on method of delivery and maternal or perinatal morbidity. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy ...
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