Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 772
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Strand Roland T - - 2003
Abundant obstetric bleeding is a predominant cause of maternal death, with the immediate postpartum period being the most critical time. Visual estimation of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) often leads to severe underestimation and delay in treatment. Various methods have been developed in order to measure blood loss accurately, but none has ...
Al-Taani M - - 2003
To compare labour and delivery outcomes in women undergoing induction and those having spontaneous onset for pregnancies past the estimated date of delivery, a prospective study of 395 singleton, uncomplicated pregnancies was performed. Labour was induced in 175 women. Overall caesarean section rate was 9.4%, with no significant difference between ...
Kennelly M M - - 2003
A retrospective analysis of postpartum fetal head circumference (FHC) and birth weight and its effect on the duration of labour was undertaken. The aim was to assess the predictive value of postpartum FHC versus birth weight in predicting dystocia. A FHC > 37 cm was associated significantly with a prolonged ...
Paine M A - - 2003
Preterm labour is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality but the pathophysiology that underlies preterm labour is unknown. Inositolphosphoglycans (IPGs) comprise a ubiquitous family of putative carbohydrate second messengers and they have been linked to the pathogenesis of various conditions, including diabetes and pre-eclampsia. Studying IPG-P levels in ...
Mosallam Moza - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine women's attitudes and preferences regarding psychosocial support during childbirth in United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A consecutive sample of 400 mothers with singleton normal pregnancies delivered vaginally during 2 months was interviewed postpartum about their experience and satisfaction with supportive care ...
Sobande A A - - 2003
A retrospective, descriptive cohort study was conducted at King Faisal Military Hospital, Saudi Arabia, to compare pregnancy outcomes in patients induced with prostaglandin E2 from 41 weeks gestation. A total of 450 women whose antenatal care and delivery were conducted at the hospital during 1995-99 were studied. The main outcome ...
Kamal Shaheena - - 2003
Preterm labour, (PTL) defined as labour after 28 weeks but before 37 completed week of gestation, is an ill omen for our country as the incidence is 5-10% leading to 70-80% of perinatal deaths. Besides varied etiology, it may be due to alteration in basic biochemical functions of the body ...
Raymajhi R - - 2003
Preterm labour and delivery remains a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Numerous drugs and interventions have been used to prevent and inhibit preterm labour but none have been found to be completely effective with the choice being further limited by troublesome side effects. This study compares in a ...
Bohra U - - 2003
This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary referral obstetric unit in Dublin to ascertain the delivery outcome in the first 1000 nulliparous women in 2000. The initial diagnosis of labour was confirmed in the first 1000 consecutive nulliparous women in spontaneous labour with cephalic presentation at term. All ...
Lippert Theodor H - - 2003
For a long time, oxytocin was regarded as a pregnancy hormone released by the hypophysis to stimulate labour and milk ejection. In the present survey, data have been collected from the literature to show the spectrum of the hitherto known functions of oxytocin outside pregnancy. It is now known that ...
Bodner-Adler Barbara - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine if epidural analgesia is associated with increased risk of obstetric lacerations during spontaneous vaginal delivery. We also assessed the effect of epidural analgesia on maternal and neonatal parameters. This multicenter study consisted of an analysis of data from the delivery databases of ...
Marjono A B - - 2003
Macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), a divergent member of transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, has been recently shown to be produced by the human placenta with detectable levels in maternal serum. In this study, using immunohistochemistry, we have localized MIC-1 in placenta, decidua and foetal membranes across pregnancy and, using an enzyme-linked ...
Hughes D - - 2003
Traditional epidural techniques have been associated with prolonged labour, use of oxytocin augmentation, and increased incidence of instrumental vaginal delivery. The combined spinal-epidural (CSE) technique has been introduced in an attempt to reduce these adverse effects. CSE is believed to improve maternal mobility during labour and provide more rapid onset ...
Neilson J P - - 2003
Animal and human studies have shown that fetal hypoxaemia during labour can alter the shape of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform, notably (1) the relation of the PR to RR intervals and (2) elevation or depression of the ST segment. Technical systems have therefore been developed to monitor the fetal ...
Fawole B - - 2003
Maternal oxygen administration has been used in an attempt to lessen fetal distress by increasing the available oxygen from the mother. This has been used for suspected fetal distress during labour, and prophylactically during the second stage of labour on the assumption that the second stage is a time of ...
Reynolds Felicity - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of epidural versus systemic labour analgesia on funic acid-base status at birth. DESIGN: A systematic review of trials, both randomised and non-randomised, comparing epidural with systemic opioid analgesia. POPULATION: Babies of 2102 mothers taking part in trials comparing epidural with systemic analgesia in five countries. ...
Wong S F - - 2002
Pregnancies complicated with meconium-stained liquor are regarded as at risk of fetal distress. Evidence from animal and human studies indicate that passage of meconium may be related to fetal maturity. This retrospective study attempts to quantify the relative risk of non-reassuring cardiotocography or 'fetal distress' in pregnant women complicated by ...
Wiklund Ingela - - 2002
to study the outcome of labour and women's perceptions of being referred after onset of labour. a comparative study carried out between October 1998 and April 1999. prospective parents in Stockholm, Sweden are offered a choice of which of the five hospitals in which they want to give birth. In ...
Singh Harwant - - 2002
Tuberculous paraplegia in pregnancy is reported to be rare. Paraplegia due to tuberculosis has a good prognosis if surgical decompression and stabilisation are done early together with chemotherapy. Vaginal delivery is not contraindicated in pregnancy complicated by paraplegia, but is associated with problems related to the initiation and progression of ...
Deodato F - - 2002
We report on a favourable pregnancy in a woman affected by mut- methylmalonic acidaemia. Under vitamin B12 and carnitine therapy she remained symptom-free throughout pregnancy, labour, delivery and the postpartum period and gave birth to a term, healthy female newborn. At follow-up, the child shows normal somatic and neurocognitive development.
Pinn Graham - - 2002
The objective of the study was to assess the frequency of alternative medical usage in an antenatal population. A survey of alternative medicine usage was carried out among 305 consecutive patients over 2 months at their registration in mid-pregnancy at an Australian Antenatal Clinic. The study showed that something like ...
Morgan Pamela J - - 2002
To evaluate the effectiveness of nitroglycerin as a uterine relaxant for preterm labour, fetal extraction at Caesarean section, external version, embryo transfer, cervical dilation for first trimester pregnancy termination, and primary dysmenorrhea. A systematic review of randomized control trials (RCTs) of nitroglycerin in obstetrics and gynaecology. We searched PubMed (1966-2001), ...
Hollis Brian - - 2002
Prolonged pregnancy is defined as any pregnancy that lasts 294 days or more. It is now well recognized that prolonged pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. It is these complications of pregnancy that have led obstetricians to adopt a policy of induction of labour ...
Thurlow J A - - 2002
Acute fetal distress in labour is a condition of progressive fetal asphyxia with hypoxia and acidosis. It is usually diagnosed by finding characteristic features in the fetal heart rate pattern, wherever possible supported by fetal scalp pH measurement. Intrauterine resuscitation consists of applying specific measures with the aim of increasing ...
Pop P H M - - 2002
The objective of this study was to assess the epidemiological aspects of headache in a workplace setting and the economical impact. By sending a questionnaire to 1781 employees of a Dutch manufacturing company we tried to assess the prevalence of headache and headache subtype within this working place. Besides the ...
Hjelm Ann M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To characterise uterine proteoglycans and changes therein during pregnancy and labour. STUDY DESIGN: Uterine samples were collected from 6 non-pregnant, 10 term-pregnant and from 10 women in active labour. The proteoglycans were extracted by 4M guanidine hydrochloride and precipitated with Alcian Blue. They were separated by electrophoresis and identified ...
Spaans Wilbert A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors at caesarean section (CS), related to failure of a trial of labour (TOL) in subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Hospital records (1988-1999) of the index pregnancy were reviewed at caesarean delivery for oxytocine use, indication for caesarean, dilatation of cervix, speed of dilatation, duration of contractions ...
Marai W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in selected antepartum obstetric problems and pregnancy outcome between women delivering at the age of 35 or above and women delivering at the age of 20-34 in the Ethiopian setting. DESIGN: A prospective case control study. SETTING: Saint Paul's and Tikur Anbessa Teaching Hospitals, Faculty ...
Benhamou D - - 2002
Epidural analgesia is the most efficient technique for labor pain relief. However, its resultant motor block might impair the mode of delivery, particularly in breech presentation where the risk of dystocia is high. In this trial, we compared bupivacaine 0.125% with a combination of a low concentration of bupivacaine (0.0625%) ...
Maghoma J - - 2002
A pregnancy cohort study was undertaken to assess the fetal, maternal and obstetric risks associated with the prolonged latent phase of labour. One hundred and fifty cases (latent phase >8 hours) were compared with 100 controls (latent phase <8 hours). Data were collected from hospital records. There were more nulliparas ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 2002
Piracetam is thought to promote the metabolism of brain cells when they are hypoxic. It has been used to prevent adverse effects of fetal distress. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of piracetam for suspected fetal distress in labour on method of delivery and perinatal morbidity. ...
Duckitt K K Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Level 3, Women's Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK, OX3 9DU. - - 2002
A number of tocolytics have been advocated for the treatment of threatened preterm labour in order to delay delivery. The rationale is that a delay in delivery may be associated with improved neonatal morbidity or mortality. Nitric oxide donors, such as nitroglycerin, have been used to relax the uterus. This ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 2001
Misoprostol, an orally active prostaglandin E1 analogue, has been used widely by the vaginal and oral routes for labour induction at or near term. Several recent trials have confirmed that it is highly effective. Overall caesarean section rates appear to be reduced, despite a relative increase in caesarean sections for ...
Gibbins J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: to explore, describe and understand the expectations during pregnancy and subsequent experiences of childbirth in primiparae. DESIGN: a qualitative study using a phenomenological approach. Data were collected using unstructured, tape-recorded interviews in late pregnancy and at two weeks post birth. SETTING: the north of England. PARTICIPANTS: eight pregnant women, ...
Snowden S - - 2001
The ability to identify true pre-term labour would be of considerable clinical benefit as electrical signals from the uterus, recorded using surface electrodes, may discriminate between labouring and non-labouring states in human pregnancy. A digital recording system for recording the electrical activity of the uterus has been developed and is ...
Mesogitis S A - - 2001
This case report describes a cervico-isthmic pregnancy ending in a live vaginal birth at 37+2 weeks' gestation. The case remained undiagnosed throughout pregnancy when after a fairly normal labour a massive haemorrhage occurred. After an unsuccessful effort to control the bleeding conservatively, a total abdominal hysterectomy was carried out. During ...
Little R E - - 2001
Hospital admissions are generally regarded as a marker of severe pregnancy complications, and a low ratio of antenatal admissions to deliveries is considered an indicator of maternal-fetal well-being. We investigated the reasons for hospital admissions in a sample of deliveries from Ukraine, a country of the former eastern bloc. All ...
James C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The two methods of management of prolonged pregnancy, induction of labour and expectant management with foetal surveillance, have pros and cons. Therefore, we compared the induction of labour with serial antenatal foetal monitoring in the management of post-term pregnancy. METHODS: Seventy-four women with uncomplicated pregnancy at 41 weeks (287 ...
Cotzias C S - - 2001
AIM: To determine what proportion of obstetricians would agree to elective pre-labour CS for 'maternal request'. METHODS: Every fifth consultant on an alphabetical list of obstetricians in England and Wales obtained from the RCOG (243) was surveyed by post and asked (a) "Would you agree to perform an elective CS ...
Giacalone P L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidences of tachysystole, hypertonia and fetal heart rate (FHR) abnormalities in women treated by mifepristone plus prostaglandins (PGs), mifepristone alone or PGs alone for an unfavourable cervix. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, all women between 37 and 42 weeks were eligible for the study if ...
Hoesli I - - 2001
The present review addresses several medical and obstetric factors/problems, and their interactions during pregnancy. These include the following: maternal age; morbidity and mortality during pregnancy; thromboembolism; gestational diabetes; haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets syndrome; human immunodeficiency virus; hepatitis C; preterm labour; antenatal administration of corticosteroids; intrapartum surveillance; breech delivery; ...
Grau T - - 2001
Epidural anaesthesia is an important analgesia technique for obstetric delivery. During pregnancy, however, obesity and oedema frequently obscure anatomical landmarks. Using ultrasonography, we investigated the influence of these changes on spinal and epidural anatomy. We examined 53 pregnant women who were to receive epidural block for vaginal delivery or Caesarean ...
Shapiro G S - - 2001
We report the case of a 39-year-old woman with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis presenting with myelopathy secondary to a spinal epidural hemangioma. MRI showed an epidural soft tissue mass within the spinal canal between T5 and T9 with severe spinal cord compression. Symptoms had a temporal relationship to her pregnancy. Surgical ...
Hardwick J C - - 2001
We set out to study the value of cardiotocography (CTG) performed before induction of labour for prolonged pregnancy in predicting obstetric intervention. This was a prospective observational study, based in a district general hospital. We studied 100 consecutive patients who underwent induction of labour for prolonged pregnancy. Cardiotocographs (CTGs) were ...
Otoide V O - - 2001
The study was conducted to evaluate whether routine induction of labour at 41-42 weeks of gestation has an increased risk for operative delivery, maternal or fetal complication compared with spontaneously initiated labour of similar gestation. A case-control study design was used; main outcome measures were caesarean section rate, instrumental delivery ...
Rowlands S - - 2001
A prospective randomised controlled trial was performed to compare the efficacy and safety of intravaginal misoprostol to that of intravaginal dinoprostone when used for cervical priming prior to the induction of labour; 126 women were recruited to the study and randomised to receive either intravaginal dinoprostone (n = 63) or ...
Rosén K G - - 2001
The fetal electrocardiogram recorded during labour has so far been used for heart rate recording only. Extensive experimental, bioengineering and clinical research for more than 25 years on changes in the morphology of the electrocardiogram have provided more detailed information on fetal reactions to the stress and strain of labour. ...
Paternoster D M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of (1) maternal epidural analgesia and (2) uterine contractions on fetal oxygen saturation. After informed consent 18 women were included in our prospective, non-blinded, observational study. After 30 min of monitoring fetal oxygen saturation and uterine contractions, all the parturients, ...
Suntharalingam G - - 2001
Five patients with valvular or fixed subvalvular aortic stenosis presented to a high-risk obstetric anaesthetic clinic over a 3-year period. All five were assessed during pregnancy and admitted at full term. A low-dose lumbar epidural analgesia regimen was used during labour and delivery. The use of pre-assessment and planned admission, ...
Carvajal J A - - 2001
It was postulated that chorion releases a substance necessary for the maintenance of uterine quiescence during pregnancy. A decrease in the release of this substance at the end of the pregnancy would be necessary for normal myometrial activation. This hypothesis was tested by demonstrating the ability of chorion to inhibit ...
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