Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 853
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Chanprapaph Pharuhas P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. - - 2004
To assess the prevalence of GDM in GCT screened women at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital. Retrospective descriptive study. Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital. One thousand pregnant women who attended the antenatal care clinic and delivered at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital from October 2001 ...
Palomaki Glenn E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Approximately two million pregnancies in the United States are screened for Down syndrome annually by use of second-trimester maternal serum markers. At present, a combination of four markers can identify 75% of affected pregnancies when 5% of screened women are classified as candidates for amniocentesis. Although not currently included ...
Potter Murray A - - 2004
We report the clinical and biochemical data on a second successful pregnancy in a woman with citrullinemia due to argininosuccinate synthetase deficiency (CTLN1). Despite very elevated plasma and urine citrulline and little or no measurable argininosuccinate synthetase enzyme activity on cultured skin fibroblasts, this 29-year-old woman, who was identified through ...
Gyselaers Wilfried J A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal serum screening for trisomy 21 (MSS) in Flanders between 1992 and 2002. STUDY DESIGN: Data of a large database on the results of MSS, nuchal translucency (NT) and pregnancy outcome were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS: Despite an excellent performance of second trimester MSS at a maternal age ...
Bhide Amaranth - - 2004
The issues surrounding prenatal diagnosis in multiple pregnancy are complex. Accurate determination of chorionicity is vital and an inability to determine this should trigger consideration for referral to a specialist. The choice of screening method for detection of chromosomal abnormality is limited, and existing data demonstrates the advantages of nuchal ...
Lambert-Messerlian Geralyn M - - 2004
Inhibin A is secreted in significant quantities by the corpus luteum and fetoplacental unit, suggesting a role in fertility and pregnancy. Negative feedback regulation of follicle-stimulating hormone during pregnancy is one expected function of inhibin A, but the complete repertoire of actions of this hormone in pregnancy, including paracrine and ...
Aziz Ibrahim A - - 2004
Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is the most common disorder of porphyria metabolism in Europe and North America. The incidence in women appears to be increasing, perhaps as a result of widespread use of hormonal contraception. Treatment in pregnancy is largely supportive, but screening of the pregnant patient for antinuclear antibodies, ...
Foreman Nigel - - 2004
Four groups of undergraduates (half of each gender) experienced a movement along a corridor containing three distinctive objects, in a virtual environment (VE) with wide-screen projection. One group simulated walking along the virtual corridor using a proprietary step-exercise device. A second group moved along the corridor in conventional flying mode, ...
Babay Z A - - 2004
The attitude of 550 pregnant Saudi Arabian women aged > 35 years to prenatal screening for chromosomal anomalies was investigated. A total of 336 women (61.1%) accepted the general idea of prenatal screening while 160 (29.1%) did not; 54 women (9.8%) were undecided. There was a high acceptance of non-invasive ...
- - 2004
First-trimester screening for chromosomal abnormalities offers potential advantages over second-trimester screening. Studies in the 1900s demonstrated an association between chromosomal abnormalities and the ultrasonographic finding of abnormally increased nuchal translucency (an echo-free area at the back of the fetal neck) between 10 and 14 weeks of gestation. First-trimester screening using ...
Breese Peter - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the use of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening during pregnancy in a health care system using the verbal opt-out method, in which HIV screening was recommended during all pregnancies and women were given an opportunity to refuse testing. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study ...
Bader David - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The mild errors or morphogenesis (MEMs) are well known and accepted markers of alterations in embryonic development with predictive value in identification of major malformations, specific genetic syndromes, metabolic and psychiatric disease and childhood malignancy. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the contribution of auricular MEMs ...
Georgsson Ohman Susanne - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Screening for fetal abnormality may increase women's anxiety as attention is directed at the possibility of something being wrong with the baby. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ultrasound screening for Down's syndrome on women's anxiety in mid-pregnancy and 2 months after delivery. METHOD: ...
Rappaport Valerie J - - 2004
Hemoglobinopathies represent a unique set of genetic disorders. Formerly, many affected individuals did not survive to childbearing age. Affected women now commonly reach childbearing age and desire pregnancy. Successful pregnancy is possible in many cases with carefully coordinated obstetric and medical management. Genetic screening and prenatal diagnosis is an important ...
Wald N J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Until the publication of the Serum Urine and Ultrasound Screening Study (SURUSS) report, it was difficult to compare the different antenatal screening tests for Down's Syndrome because of variations in study designs. We here present the main results from SURUSS, updated to take account of recent information on nuchal ...
Kott Brian - - 2004
PURPOSE: To develop a cost-effectiveness analysis model from the perspective of Medicare reimbursement to evaluate the costs and potential risks involved in performing second-trimester genetic sonography following the first-trimester sonographic measurement of nuchal translucency and serology for Down syndrome screening. METHODS: Three clinical screening algorithms were constructed that detailed the ...
Abdul-Hamid Suhanna - - 2004
Maternal serum screening for Down syndrome is a common practice in the United Kingdom. A number of factors have been shown to influence the chance of a false positive test result. Analysis of routinely collated information stored on an electronic database in a district general hospital has shown that women ...
Small M - - 2004
Congenital heart disease is one of the most common congenital malformations diagnosed in liveborns. As more women undergo prenatal diagnosis, the need for screening fetal echocadiography increases. The fetal, maternal, and familial indications for fetal echocadiography are outlined in order to improve the identification of women in greatest need for ...
Wald Nicholas J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that, in prenatal screening programmes for Down syndrome, women who have false-positive results in one pregnancy have an increased risk of a false-positive result in a subsequent pregnancy. We examined the effect of this in the screening programme conducted from the Wolfson Institute of Preventive ...
Ball Robert H - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Research on prenatal diagnosis and invasive fetal testing has continued at a rapid pace. Several studies that will have a profound impact on the way prenatal care will be provided to pregnant women have been published in the literature during the last year. These publications will be ...
Benn P A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the detection rate for 45,X pregnancies through second-trimester screening using maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin and unconjugated estriol. METHODS: Twenty-two cases of 45,X were ascertained through a cytogenetics database and an additional 51 cases were identified through publications. Serum analyte concentrations were reviewed for cases with ...
Zhang Jun - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine fetal growth and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies with isolated oligohydramnios. DESIGN: A cohort study. SETTING: Multiple clinics and hospitals. POPULATION: Low risk pregnant women. METHODS: We used data from the multicentre clinical trial of Routine Antenatal Diagnostic Imaging with UltraSound (RADIUS), in which 15,151 low risk pregnant ...
Sinai Irit - - 2004
The Standard Days Method is a simple fertility awareness-based method of family planning with a correct-use pregnancy rate of 4.8 at 1 year and a typical-use pregnancy rate of 12. The protocol for providing the method includes guidelines for screening potential users for cycle regularity. There also are guidelines for ...
Biggio Joseph R JR - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine the cost-effectiveness and procedural-related losses associated with 5 prenatal screening strategies for fetal aneuploidy in women under 35 years old. STUDY DESIGN: Five prenatal screening strategies were compared in a decision analysis model: triple screen: maternal age and midtrimester serum alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic ...
Holmes Anna - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare parental choice towards the use of aneuploidy screening and diagnostic techniques after assisted conception versus spontaneously conceived pregnancy. A total of 193 patients with consecutive twin pregnancies participated in the study, including 143 who spontaneously conceived and 50 who conceived ...
Palomaki Glenn E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome screening is commonly performed in the US using maternal age and three or four second-trimester maternal serum markers that can identify up to 75% of affected pregnancies by offering diagnostic studies to 5% of women. Invasive trophoblast antigen [ITA; hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)] is a promising ...
Hyanek J - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The increased level of phenylalanine (Phe) in maternal blood--hyperphenylalaninemia (mHPA) has a detrimental effect on the early development of healthy foetus (1965). The toxic effect causes spontaneous abortion or retards intrauterine growth, skeletal malformation, cardiac anomalies can appear. However the most frequent are microcephaly, mental retardation and hypotrophy. PATIENTS ...
Refsum Helga - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Measurement of plasma total homocysteine has become common as new methods have been introduced. A wide range of disorders are associated with increased concentrations of total homocysteine. The purpose of this review is to provide an international expert opinion on the practical aspects of total homocysteine determinations in clinical ...
Hansen Søren Mose - - 2004
The population dynamics of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci [GBS]) colonization of the vagina and anorectal area was investigated in a cohort of 77 Danish women during and after their pregnancy by a new sensitive method. The mean carriage rate among individual observations was 36%, and the cumulative carriage rate ...
Harris Anthony H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The cost-effectiveness of opportunistic nuchal translucency ultrasound screening in pregnancy was compared with alternative screening strategies for trisomy 21 in Australia. METHODS: A decision analytic model was used of various pregnancy screening strategies based on a systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of nuchal translucency ultrasound and ...
Wille Marta C - - 2004
Preconception counseling offers couples contemplating pregnancy the opportunity to identify and reduce potential pregnancy risks, plan care for known risks, and establish early prenatal care. The goal of preconception counseling is to promote physically and emotionally healthy parents in an attempt to ensure optimal prenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum maternal and ...
Poppelaars Francis A M - - 2004
The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes and intentions of individuals planning a pregnancy with regard to preconceptional cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier screening and to determine factors associated with a positive and negative/neutral intention to have the test. A survey, based on a questionnaire, was conducted among ...
Gyselaers Wilfried J A - - 2004
Single-step maternal serum screening (MSS) in the first (1MSS) or second (2MSS) trimester at maternal age > or =35 years was evaluated in the North Belgian region Flanders, where difficulties are encountered in the general introduction of combined or integrated screening algorithms. The fetal aneuploidy screening database of General Medical ...
Muller Françoise - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) on total hCG, free ss-hCG, AFP and unconjugated estriol (uE3) used as markers for second-trimester Down syndrome maternal serum screening. METHODS: Second-trimester maternal sera from 1515 singleton pregnancies (970 by IVF, 545 by ICSI) were ...
Alexander Duane - - 2003
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) was established shortly after the Guthrie test for screening newborn infants for phenylketonuria (PKU) was introduced. The NICHD supported the study demonstrating the long-term efficacy of screening and a low-phenylalanine diet in preventing mental retardation. With the identification of the ...
Malone Fergal D - - 2003
Screening for Down syndrome is an important part of routine antenatal care. The most common screening method in the United States involves the assessment of a combination of factors: maternal age, multiple second-trimester serum markers, and second-trimester ultrasonography (as a so-called "genetic sonogram"). More recently, however, there has been significant ...
Pinette Michael G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of fetal nuchal fold thickness and proximal long bone biometric measurements in modifying Down syndrome serum screening risk in a population of women referred for second-trimester sonography. METHODS: Sonographic biometric measurements and biochemical markers were combined retrospectively for 2533 women with known pregnancy outcomes. Four ...
Muller Françoise - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In France, there is a strictly regulated National Screening Programme for Down syndrome, based on second-trimester maternal serum markers. A prospective study of nuchal translucency together with retrospective evaluation of maternal serum markers was carried out to inform decisions on whether to move the programme to the first trimester. ...
Miller Joseph M JM - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND GOAL: Late pregnancy rescreening is advised for at-risk patients, but data supporting this recommendation are lacking. The intent of this study was to determine the value of a late-pregnancy test for gonorrhea after a negative initial test at the beginning of prenatal care. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart ...
Papp Z - - 2003
The value of ultrasound examinations depends heavily on the preparation of the personnel carrying out the examination and the technical capabilities of the equipment they use. Only well-organized regional or national programs are able to provide high level, cost-effective care based on certification of quality. Such certification must include the ...
Welch Robert A - - 2003
Obstetrician-gynecologists can play a major role in the prevention, identification, and treatment of substance abuse in women. Maintaining cognizance of abuse potential and consistently using office-screening techniques will identify patients who need assistance. Employing brief interventions at frequent office visits is an effective means of treating many of these patients. ...
Endres Loraine K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether low human chorionic gonadotropin from maternal serum screening is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Women between 15 and 20 completed weeks of gestation who had a maternal serum screen performed from June 1999 to November 2001 were studied. Cases included women with human chorionic ...
Simon-Bouy B - - 2003
Hyperechogenic fetal bowel is detected in 0.1-1.8% of pregnancies during the second or third trimester. This ultrasound sign is associated with cystic fibrosis or other conditions (e.g., chromosomal anomalies, viral infection) but no large-scale prospective studies have been conducted. This 1997-1998 multicenter study in 22 molecular biology laboratories identified 682 ...
Odibo Anthony O - - 2003
Screening for aneuploidy in twins and higher-order multiples present complex practical and ethical issues that limit its provision to women. We review the currently available screening options and compare the merits and disadvantages of each method. The available diagnostic tests and therapeutic interventions for screen positive cases are also reviewed. ...
Berger Aimo - - 2003
Using oral clindamycin to treat women with asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis during their second trimester (between 12 and 22 weeks estimated gestational age) reduces the number of premature births and late miscarriages. The study did not demonstrate a difference in the number of neonatal intensive care unit admissions, mean birth weight, ...
Lai Tsung-Hsuan - - 2003
To evaluate whether achieving a singleton pregnancy by IUI affects the results of first-trimester screening for Down syndrome compared to naturally conceived pregnancy. Forty-nine IUI and 3059 naturally conceived singleton pregnancies were included in the study. Ovulation in IUI pregnancies was induced by clomiphene and human menopausal gonadotropin. Progesterone was ...
Arisoy A S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization and to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance profile in women in the third trimester of pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 310 pregnant women, referred in weeks 35 to 37 of gestation, were ...
Muller Françoise - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Neural tube defects (NTDs) can be considered as a folate deficiency disorder. The prevalence of NTDs ranges from about 0.5 to 6 in 1,000 births. DISCUSSION: Two steps can be distinguished in biochemical screening for NTDs: 1. Screening in the general population, which is based on two complementary methods, ...
Poole Judith H - - 2003
Thalassemia syndromes, hemoglobinopathies characterized by anemia secondary to genetic defects of hemoglobin, are the most common of the genetic blood disorders. The prevalence and severity of the thalassemia syndromes are population dependent, with the type of thalassemia seen dependent on racial background. The health care provider must recognize the woman ...
Wald Nicholas J - - 2003
A method is described to combine the ultrasound marker nuchal translucency (NT) with serum markers so that they can be used together in prenatal screening for Down syndrome in twin pregnancies. For monochorionic twin pregnancies (taken as monozygous), the two fetus-specific NT measurements are averaged before risk is calculated and ...
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