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Avagliano Laura - - 2013
Induction of labor is one of the most used procedures in obstetrics, performed to achieve vaginal delivery through cervical ripening and stimulation of uterine contractions. We investigated the impact of induction of labor upon placental autophagy, a catabolic pathway activated in response to alteration of the physiological intracellular conditions. We ...
Heerwagen Margaret J R - - 2013
Maternal and pediatric obesity has risen dramatically over recent years, and is a known predictor of adverse long-term metabolic outcomes in offspring. However, which particular aspects of obese pregnancy promote such outcomes is less clear. While maternal obesity increases both maternal and placental inflammation, it is still unknown whether this ...
Kaushal Manila - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency is a preventable health problem. Vitamin D deficiency among pregnant women is frequent in many populations over the world. Research indicates that adequate vitamin D intake in pregnancy is optimal for maternal, fetal and child health. Adverse health outcomes during pregnancy are preeclampsia; gestational diabetes mellitus and ...
Li Jian J Department of Clinical Medicine, Medical college of Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410006, - - 2013
Background/Aims: Cortisol plays an important role during pregnancy. It controls maternal glucose metabolism and fetal development. Cortisol metabolism is partially controlled by the 11b-HSD2. This enzyme is expressed in the kidney and human placenta. The activity of the enzyme is partially controlled by functional polymorphisms: the HSD11B2[CA]n microsatellite polymorphism. The ...
Houde Andrée-Anne - - 2013
Epigenetics generates a considerable interest in the field of research on complex traits, including obesity and diabetes. Recently, we reported a number of epipolymorphisms in the placental leptin and adiponectin genes associated with maternal hyperglycemia during pregnancy. Our results suggest that DNA methylation could partly explain the link between early ...
Danielsen Inge - - 2013
Growing evidence indicates that metabolic syndrome is rooted in fetal life with a potential key role of nutrition during pregnancy. The objective of the study was to assess the possible associations between the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) during pregnancy and biomarkers of the metabolic syndrome in ...
Symonds Michael E ME Early Life Nutrition Research Unit, Academic Division of Child Health School of Medicine, Queen's Medical Centre, University Hospital, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2013
The obesity epidemic has resulted in more overweight/obese women before and during pregnancy. Their offspring tend to have higher birth weights and more body fat, and carry an increased risk of obesity later in life. These effects may partly be related to the heightened risk of gestational diabetes, occurring in ...
Hami Maryam - - 2013
Ketoacidosis can occur most often as a result of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. However, it can be seen with fasting and alcohol consumption, as well. Ketoacidosis in association with fasting has less severity, and ketoacid levels do not exceed 10 mEq/L. In the literature, there are a few reports about severe ...
Moreno-Garcia Maira A - - 2013
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, Cbl) is required for cellular metabolism. It is an essential coenzyme in mammals for two reactions: the conversion of homocysteine to methionine by the enzyme methionine synthase and the conversion of methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA by the enzyme methylmalonyl-CoA mutase. Symptoms of Cbl deficiency are hematological, neurological and ...
Laporta Jimena - - 2013
The aim of this experiment was to demonstrate the ability of feeding serotonin (5-HT; 5-hydroxytryptamine) precursors to increase 5-HT production during the transition from pregnancy to lactation and the effects this has on maternal energy metabolism in the liver and mammary gland. Pregnant rats (nā€Š=ā€Š45) were fed one of three ...
O'Reilly James R JR Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Endocrinology Unit, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2013
The prevalence of maternal obesity has risen dramatically in recent years, with approximately one in five pregnant women in the UK now classed as obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2) ) at antenatal booking. Obesity during pregnancy has been hypothesized to exert long-term health effects on the developing child ...
Lamb Stephanie - - 2013
Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency is the most common inborn error in the metabolism of the urea cycle with an incidence of 1 in 14 000 live births. Pregnancy can trigger potentially fatal hyperammonemic crises. We report a successful pregnancy in a 29-year-old primiparous patient with a known diagnosis of OTC ...
Angelidis George - - 2012
Adiponectin, the most abundant adipose-released cytokine, has an important role in metabolism, primarily through reducing insulin resistance. Reproductive functions are known to be influenced by energy balance and adiponectin may be involved in the underlying mechanisms connecting reproduction and metabolism. Interestingly, adiponectin has been shown to exert actions in the ...
Graça Gonçalo - - 2013
This work describes a mid-infrared (MIR) metabolic profiling study of 2(nd) trimester amniotic fluid in relation to selected prenatal disorders, with results focusing on fetal malformations (FM), preterm delivery (PTD) and premature rupture of membranes (PROM), the latter two conditions occurring later in pregnancy. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) models ...
Goeden Nick - - 2012
Ex vivo perfusion systems offer a reliable, reproducible method for studying acute physiological responses of an organ to various environmental manipulations. Unlike in vitro culture systems, the cellular organization, compartmentalization and three-dimensional structure of ex vivo-perfused organs are maintained. These particular parameters are crucial for the normal physiological function of ...
Diaz Sílvia O - - 2012
In this work, untargeted NMR metabonomics was employed to evaluate the effects of pregnancy on the metabolite composition of maternal urine, thus establishing a control excretory trajectory for healthy pregnancies. Urine was collected for independent groups of healthy non-pregnant and pregnant women (in 1(st), 2(nd), 3(rd) trimesters) and multivariate analysis ...
Dubé Evemie - - 2012
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication of pregnancy which is characterized by glucose intolerance, leads to dyslipidemia and is aggravated by obesity. Cholesterol is taken up by the placenta as part of lipoproteins through the receptors SRBI, LDLR, VLDLR and its efflux is then mediated by ABCA1 and ...
Fortin Marie C MC Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Piscataway, NJ 08854, - - 2013
Studies on therapeutic drug disposition in humans have shown significant alterations as the result of pregnancy. However, it is not known whether pesticide metabolic capacity changes throughout pregnancy, which could affect exposure of the developing brain. We sought to determine the effect of pregnancy on the expression of hepatic enzymes ...
Lindsay Karen L - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To systematically review the literature on the use of probiotics in pregnancy and their impact on maternal outcomes. Methods: Online databases were searched in April 2012 using the following terms to identify eligible studies: "probiotics", "pregnancy", "maternal outcomes" and "metabolism". Primary outcomes of selected studies were maternal fasting ...
Cetin I I 1Department of Clinical Sciences L. Sacco, Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milan, Milano, - - 2012
Pregestational obesity is a significant risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Maternal obesity is associated with a specific proinflammatory, endocrine and metabolic phenotype that may lead to higher supply of nutrients to the feto-placental unit and to excessive fetal fat accumulation. In particular, obesity may influence placental fatty acid (FA) ...
Shuster Diana L DL Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7610, - - 2013
Pregnancy-induced changes in drug pharmacokinetics can be explained by changes in expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters and/or normal physiology. In this study, we determined gestational age-dependent expression profiles for all metabolic enzyme and transporter genes in the maternal liver, kidney, small intestine, and placenta of pregnant mice by microarray ...
Kirmse Brian - - 2012
Antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) are indispensable in the treatment and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Although their use before, during and after pregnancy is considered safe for mother and child, there are still lingering concerns about their long-term health consequences and the ramifications of their effects on lipid, glucose, intermediary ...
Frise Charlotte J - - 2012
Starvation ketosis outside pregnancy is rare and infrequently causes a severe acidosis. Placental production of hormones, including glucagon and human placental lactogen, leads to the insulin resistance that is seen in pregnancy, which in turn increases susceptibility to ketosis particularly in the third trimester. Starvation ketoacidosis in pregnancy has been ...
Lutsenko M T - - 2012
Serotonin metabolism in the blood and placental homogenate was studied in pregnancy aggravated by exacerbation of herpesvirus infection. Blood serotonin content in pregnant patients increased with increasing herpesvirus antibody titers and reduction of monoamine oxidase activity. Urinary excretion of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) decreased. The decrease of monoamine oxidase activity in ...
Mikael Leonie G - - 2012
SCOPE: Genetic or nutritional disturbances in folate metabolism lead to hyperhomocysteinemia and adverse reproductive outcomes. Folate-dependent homocysteine remethylation is required for methylation reactions and may influence choline/betaine metabolism. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been suggested to play a role in inflammation. The goal of this study was to determine whether folate-related pregnancy complications ...
Mukai Yuuka - - 2012
Excess fructose consumption is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes and obesity. However, the impact of fructose intake on maternal and fetal lipid metabolism during pregnancy is not known. The aim of this study was to examine whether maternal fructose intake during pregnancy would affect fetal and maternal ...
Reynolds Rebecca M RM Endocrinology Unit, University/BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Low birthweight, a marker of an adverse in utero environment, is associated with cardiometabolic disease and brain disorders in adulthood. The adaptive changes made by the fetus in response to the intra-uterine environment result in permanent changes in physiology, structure and metabolism, a phenomenon termed early life programming. One of ...
Monticone Silvia - - 2012
Pregnancy is marked by alterations in a number of endocrine systems, including activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The placenta, the fetal adrenal glands and the liver constitute an interactive endocrine entity, known as the fetoplacental unit. In the fetoplacental unit, the fetal adrenal glands are the ...
Hall Judith G - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish whether an increase in failed termination of pregnancy is observed among individuals with arthrogryposis (multiple congenital contractures). A total of 2,500 unselected patients with arthrogryposis collected by the author over a 35-year period were reviewed. The cases included referrals, consultations, personal examinations, ...
Aleksandrova N V - - 2012
Peculiarities of the expression of glucose transporter (GLUT1 and GLUT3) and insulin-like growth factor immunophenotypes in placental villi in full-term physiological pregnancy were studied by immunohistochemical method. In induced pregnancy, changes of different degree in the expression of carbohydrate metabolism markers were detected (most pronounced changes were detected in GLUT3 ...
Dotters-Katz Sarah - - 2012
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common hereditary recurrent febrile disorder, characterized by the sudden onset of high fever and severe abdominal pain. The implications of this disorder on a woman's health are significant and not well known among obstetrician/gynecologists. The goal of this review is to familiarize providers ...
Kumar Pratap - - 2012
Use of metformin throughout pregnancy in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has shown to reduce the rates of early pregnancy loss, preterm labor, and prevention of fetal growth restriction. Metformin has been shown to have encouraging effects on several metabolic aspects of polycystic ovarian syndrome, such as insulin sensitivity, ...
Gerard Marion - - 2012
We report on two families with co-occurrence of sirenomelia and caudal malformations. In the first family, the mother had undergone surgery for a short form of imperforate anus. Her first pregnancy was terminated because of bilateral renal agenesis with oligohydramnios. Her second pregnancy was interrupted because of sirenomelia. The second ...
Gregory Casey L - - 2012
Fetal anomalies such as lower urinary tract obstructions and fluid-filled space-occupying lesions in the fetal chest can result in severe morbidity or mortality if left untreated. In-utero fetal shunt placement offers the potential to improve outcomes in infants with these conditions. The role of the nurse is paramount in the ...
Andraweera P H - - 2012
BACKGROUNDPre-eclampsia, small-for-gestational-age infants, preterm birth and recurrent miscarriage complicate a significant number of pregnancies. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of angiogenic growth factors is implicated in the pathophysiology of these complications. We aimed to elucidate the role of these angiogenic factors in placentation and to evaluate the predictive ...
Eze Justus N - - 2012
Bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancies are rare occurrences. Two recently managed cases are discussed. The first was a single, sexually active 23-year-old nullipara with family history of twinning who presented with eight weeks amenorrhea, positive pregnancy test, lower abdominal discomfort and other clinical and ultrasound findings suggestive of unruptured left tubal ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2012
The diagnosis of cancer during pregnancy or in the post-partum period poses a major burden on the woman and her family. Issues of fetal and neonatal wellbeing are intricate, while mother's health is of primary concern.
Tran Melanie - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e45188 in vol. 7.].
Greiner C - - 2012
The effect of pregnancy on bone metabolism was investigated in healthy mares. Venous blood samples were collected 7 times from 19 multiparous mares starting at 20-weeks pre-parturition, continuing 6 times in 4-week intervals, including the week of parturition and one week after parturition. Serum concentrations of osteocalcin (OC) and carboxy-terminal ...
Ma Noelle - - 2012
Epidemiological studies have suggested that metabolic programming begins during fetal life and adverse events in utero are a critical factor in the etiology of chronic diseases and overall health. While the underlying molecular mechanisms linking impaired fetal development to these adult diseases are being elucidated, little is known about how ...
Borisow Nadja - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis is the most common chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system which preferentially affects females at childbearing age. For this reason, patients and treating physicians were frequently confronted with questions concerning family planning, pregnancy and birth. Preventive and personalized treatment approaches are considered, because topics as heredity, ...
Schwoerer Jessica A Scott - - 2012
Maternal Phenylketonuria Syndrome (MPKU) can occur in infants born to mothers with PKU with poor metabolic control during pregnancy. Elevated phenylalanine (phe) acts as a teratogen to the developing fetus with consequences including intellectual disability, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, growth retardation, and congenital heart disease. MPKU can be prevented if metabolic ...
Xu Dan - - 2012
Epidemiological investigations have shown that fetuses with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are susceptible to adult metabolic syndrome. Clinical investigations and experiments have demonstrated that caffeine is a definite inducer of IUGR, as children who ingest caffeine-containing food or drinks are highly susceptible to adult obesity and hypertension. Our goals for ...
Näf Silvia - - 2012
Zinc-α2-Glycoprotein (ZAG) is an adipokine with lipolytic action and is positively associated with adiponectin in adipose tissue. We hypothesize that ZAG may be related with hydrocarbonate metabolism disturbances observed in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of this study was to analyze serum ZAG concentration and its relationship with carbohydrate ...
Rafat Dalia - - 2012
During pregnancy, the glucose levels vary according to the hormonal changes and the metabolic needs necessary to maintain fetal nutrition but strict glycemic control is essential to minimize the maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality of pregnancies complicated by diabetes. Although considered the "gold standard" for diagnosis, measurement of glucose ...
Goldberg Joel S JS Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Duke University, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC, - - 2011
Retinoic acids (13-cis and 13-trans) are known teratogens, and their precursor is retinol, a form of vitamin A. In 1995, Rothman et al demonstrated an association between excessive vitamin A, >10,000 IU/day, during the first trimester of pregnancy and teratogenic effects, particularly in the central nervous system. However, vitamin A ...
Habets D D J - - 2012
The facilities for neonatal screening, early diagnosis, and effective treatment of isovaleric acidaemia (IVA) have improved greatly over the past decades. Accordingly, IVA patients reach adolescence and may consider having children. The maintenance of a stable metabolic condition is a challenge to both the patients and their multidisciplinary team of ...
Berggren Erica K - - 2011
Negative maternal and fetal consequences associated with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae during pregnancy make diagnosis essential. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend routine screening for sexually transmitted infections at the first prenatal visit, and third trimester repeat screening, specifically for C. trachomatis, is recommended for women under ...
Loder Randall T RT Section of Orthopedic Surgery, Riley Hospital for Children, ROC 4250, 705 Riley Hospital Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA ; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2011
The etiology of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is unknown. There are many insights, however, from epidemiologic/demographic information. A systematic medical literature review regarding DDH was performed. There is a predominance of left-sided (64.0%) and unilateral disease (63.4%). The incidence per 1000 live births ranges from 0.06 in Africans ...
Miguelez Javier - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to estimate the Down syndrome detection and false-positive rates for second-trimester sonographic prenasal thickness (PT) measurement alone and in combination with other markers. Multivariate log Gaussian modeling was performed using numerical integration. Parameters for the PT distribution, in multiples of the normal gestation-specific median ...
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