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Mukai Yuuka - - 2012
Excess fructose consumption is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes and obesity. However, the impact of fructose intake on maternal and fetal lipid metabolism during pregnancy is not known. The aim of this study was to examine whether maternal fructose intake during pregnancy would affect fetal and maternal ...
Reynolds Rebecca M RM Endocrinology Unit, University/BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Low birthweight, a marker of an adverse in utero environment, is associated with cardiometabolic disease and brain disorders in adulthood. The adaptive changes made by the fetus in response to the intra-uterine environment result in permanent changes in physiology, structure and metabolism, a phenomenon termed early life programming. One of ...
Monticone Silvia - - 2012
Pregnancy is marked by alterations in a number of endocrine systems, including activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The placenta, the fetal adrenal glands and the liver constitute an interactive endocrine entity, known as the fetoplacental unit. In the fetoplacental unit, the fetal adrenal glands are the ...
Hall Judith G - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish whether an increase in failed termination of pregnancy is observed among individuals with arthrogryposis (multiple congenital contractures). A total of 2,500 unselected patients with arthrogryposis collected by the author over a 35-year period were reviewed. The cases included referrals, consultations, personal examinations, ...
Aleksandrova N V - - 2012
Peculiarities of the expression of glucose transporter (GLUT1 and GLUT3) and insulin-like growth factor immunophenotypes in placental villi in full-term physiological pregnancy were studied by immunohistochemical method. In induced pregnancy, changes of different degree in the expression of carbohydrate metabolism markers were detected (most pronounced changes were detected in GLUT3 ...
Dotters-Katz Sarah - - 2012
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common hereditary recurrent febrile disorder, characterized by the sudden onset of high fever and severe abdominal pain. The implications of this disorder on a woman's health are significant and not well known among obstetrician/gynecologists. The goal of this review is to familiarize providers ...
Kumar Pratap - - 2012
Use of metformin throughout pregnancy in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has shown to reduce the rates of early pregnancy loss, preterm labor, and prevention of fetal growth restriction. Metformin has been shown to have encouraging effects on several metabolic aspects of polycystic ovarian syndrome, such as insulin sensitivity, ...
Gerard Marion - - 2012
We report on two families with co-occurrence of sirenomelia and caudal malformations. In the first family, the mother had undergone surgery for a short form of imperforate anus. Her first pregnancy was terminated because of bilateral renal agenesis with oligohydramnios. Her second pregnancy was interrupted because of sirenomelia. The second ...
Gregory Casey L - - 2012
Fetal anomalies such as lower urinary tract obstructions and fluid-filled space-occupying lesions in the fetal chest can result in severe morbidity or mortality if left untreated. In-utero fetal shunt placement offers the potential to improve outcomes in infants with these conditions. The role of the nurse is paramount in the ...
Andraweera P H - - 2012
BACKGROUNDPre-eclampsia, small-for-gestational-age infants, preterm birth and recurrent miscarriage complicate a significant number of pregnancies. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of angiogenic growth factors is implicated in the pathophysiology of these complications. We aimed to elucidate the role of these angiogenic factors in placentation and to evaluate the predictive ...
Eze Justus N - - 2012
Bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancies are rare occurrences. Two recently managed cases are discussed. The first was a single, sexually active 23-year-old nullipara with family history of twinning who presented with eight weeks amenorrhea, positive pregnancy test, lower abdominal discomfort and other clinical and ultrasound findings suggestive of unruptured left tubal ...
Brenner Benjamin - - 2012
The diagnosis of cancer during pregnancy or in the post-partum period poses a major burden on the woman and her family. Issues of fetal and neonatal wellbeing are intricate, while mother's health is of primary concern.
Schwoerer Jessica A Scott - - 2012
Maternal Phenylketonuria Syndrome (MPKU) can occur in infants born to mothers with PKU with poor metabolic control during pregnancy. Elevated phenylalanine (phe) acts as a teratogen to the developing fetus with consequences including intellectual disability, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, growth retardation, and congenital heart disease. MPKU can be prevented if metabolic ...
Rafat Dalia - - 2012
During pregnancy, the glucose levels vary according to the hormonal changes and the metabolic needs necessary to maintain fetal nutrition but strict glycemic control is essential to minimize the maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality of pregnancies complicated by diabetes. Although considered the "gold standard" for diagnosis, measurement of glucose ...
Borisow Nadja - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis is the most common chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system which preferentially affects females at childbearing age. For this reason, patients and treating physicians were frequently confronted with questions concerning family planning, pregnancy and birth. Preventive and personalized treatment approaches are considered, because topics as heredity, ...
Greiner C - - 2012
The effect of pregnancy on bone metabolism was investigated in healthy mares. Venous blood samples were collected 7 times from 19 multiparous mares starting at 20-weeks pre-parturition, continuing 6 times in 4-week intervals, including the week of parturition and one week after parturition. Serum concentrations of osteocalcin (OC) and carboxy-terminal ...
Näf Silvia - - 2012
Zinc-α2-Glycoprotein (ZAG) is an adipokine with lipolytic action and is positively associated with adiponectin in adipose tissue. We hypothesize that ZAG may be related with hydrocarbonate metabolism disturbances observed in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of this study was to analyze serum ZAG concentration and its relationship with carbohydrate ...
Ma Noelle - - 2012
Epidemiological studies have suggested that metabolic programming begins during fetal life and adverse events in utero are a critical factor in the etiology of chronic diseases and overall health. While the underlying molecular mechanisms linking impaired fetal development to these adult diseases are being elucidated, little is known about how ...
Xu Dan - - 2012
Epidemiological investigations have shown that fetuses with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are susceptible to adult metabolic syndrome. Clinical investigations and experiments have demonstrated that caffeine is a definite inducer of IUGR, as children who ingest caffeine-containing food or drinks are highly susceptible to adult obesity and hypertension. Our goals for ...
Goldberg Joel S JS Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Duke University, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC, - - 2011
Retinoic acids (13-cis and 13-trans) are known teratogens, and their precursor is retinol, a form of vitamin A. In 1995, Rothman et al demonstrated an association between excessive vitamin A, >10,000 IU/day, during the first trimester of pregnancy and teratogenic effects, particularly in the central nervous system. However, vitamin A ...
Habets D D J - - 2012
The facilities for neonatal screening, early diagnosis, and effective treatment of isovaleric acidaemia (IVA) have improved greatly over the past decades. Accordingly, IVA patients reach adolescence and may consider having children. The maintenance of a stable metabolic condition is a challenge to both the patients and their multidisciplinary team of ...
Berggren Erica K - - 2011
Negative maternal and fetal consequences associated with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae during pregnancy make diagnosis essential. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend routine screening for sexually transmitted infections at the first prenatal visit, and third trimester repeat screening, specifically for C. trachomatis, is recommended for women under ...
Miguelez Javier - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to estimate the Down syndrome detection and false-positive rates for second-trimester sonographic prenasal thickness (PT) measurement alone and in combination with other markers. Multivariate log Gaussian modeling was performed using numerical integration. Parameters for the PT distribution, in multiples of the normal gestation-specific median ...
Kagan K O - - 2010
This study was carried out to examine the performance of a contingent policy in first-trimester screening for trisomy 21, in which the estimated risk was first derived by a combination of maternal age, fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness, presence/absence of the nasal bone, blood flow in the ductus venosus or ...
Seror Valerie - - 2010
To investigate women's attitudes to successive decisions possibly involved in Down syndrome screening (i.e. about ultrasound and biochemical screening, invasive testing, and termination of pregnancy) and to compare attitudes and actual decisions. Four hundred women were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire within 3 days postpartum. A hierarchical cluster analysis ...
Koster M P H - - 2010
In a previous discovery study, we identified seven potential screening markers for Down syndrome (DS). Here, we report on an extended study to validate the discriminative potential of these markers. Concentrations of the seven analytes were measured using bead-based multiplexed immunoassays in maternal serum from 27 DS pregnancies and 27 ...
Cho Chan-Kyung J - - 2011
Abstract Current screening for fetal aneuploidies relies on biochemical and ultrasound measurements, and the sensitivity and specificity needs to be improved to reduce the number of pregnant women subjected to invasive diagnostic procedures, such as amniocentesis. Proteomic technologies enable new strategies for discovering biomarkers from complex biological fluids in a ...
Kamphuis M M - - 2010
  Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a potentially devastating disease, which may lead to intracranial haemorrhage (ICH), with neurological damage as a consequence. In the absence of screening, FNAIT is only diagnosed after bleeding symptoms, with preventive options limited to a next pregnancy.   To estimate the population ...
Kazerouni N Neely - - 2010
To evaluate the extent of fetal structural abnormalities, other than neural tube and abdominal wall defects (AWDs), identified by California's Prenatal Screening Program. The Quad Marker Prenatal Screening records of 516,172 women were examined for screening interpretation and the diagnosis of structural abnormalities detected via follow-up. Women who were screen-positive ...
Gifford Anne E - - 2010
The objective of this report is to estimate the benefits of universal meconium screening for maternal drinking during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), including its most severe manifestation fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), is preventable and remains a public health tragedy. The incidences of FAS and FASD have been conservatively ...
Pergament Eugene - - 2010
As first trimester screening has assumed an increasingly dominant role in the obstetric care of prospective parents, the need for genetic counseling has also increased. There are several challenges related to first trimester screening; foremost among them is the need to distinguish between screening and diagnosis. Additional challenges include the ...
Evans Mark I - - 2010
The same principles for diagnosis and screening in singleton pregnancies apply to multiples. However, there can be significant differences in the safety and efficacy of all approaches with multiple gestations. This article deals with specific aspects of screening in multiple pregnancies.
Craig Wendy Y - - 2010
Estimate steroid sulfatase deficiency (STSD) prevalence among California's racial/ethnic groups using data from a previous study focused on prenatal detection of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS). SLOS and STSD both have low maternal serum unconjugated estriol (uE3) levels. Prevalence was estimated using three steps: listing clinically identified cases; modeling STSD frequency at ...
Sonek J - - 2010
The first trimester (11-13 +6 weeks) ultrasound examination is useful for several reasons: determination of an accurate date of confinement, diagnostic purposes, and screening for fetal defects. Nuchal translucency measurement combined with maternal serum markers (free b-human chorionic gonadotropin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A) is the mainstay of first-trimester screening ...
Tuuli Methodius G - - 2010
Preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction are major contributors to perinatal mortality and morbidity. Accurate prediction is important for identifying those women who require more intensive monitoring, permitting earlier recognition and intervention, and allowing targeting of potential preventive measures to those at risk. Although different measures of placental dysfunction have been ...
Shamshirsaz Alireza A - - 2010
Considerable advances have been made in identifying women whose pregnancies are at the greatest risk for fetal Down syndrome and other aneuploidies. Maternal serum tests and ultrasonography in either the first or second trimester provide effective prenatal screening. However, the most efficacious protocols are based on the combination of first- ...
Goetzl Laura - - 2010
Women with abnormal results of first trimester screening but with a normal karyotype are at risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. A nuchal translucency of greater than 3.5 mm is associated with an increased risk of subsequent pregnancy loss, fetal infection, fetal heart abnormalities, and other structural abnormalities. Abnormal levels of ...
Matilainen Maarit - - 2011
The maternal serum levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) were reduced in hormonally stimulated pregnancies in the in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection groups (N=176; PAPP-A: 0.82) and in the entire assisted reproduction group (N=282; PAPP-A: 0.83) as compared with controls (N=24,783; PAPP-A: 0.94). However, the false-positive rate of ...
O'Reilly Rebecca - - 2010
Domestic violence (DV) against women during pregnancy affects many women and unborn infants worldwide. Pregnancy presents a window of opportunity for health care providers to identify DV and provide appropriate intervention. The aim of this systematic review was to appraise the effectiveness of DV screening and interventions for women identified ...
Waugh Norman - - 2010
Policy decisions on whether to implement screening programmes depend on whether the proposed programmes meet a set of criteria laid down by the World Health Organization. Screening for hyperglycaemia in pregnancy (HGP) does not meet all the criteria. However the case for screening has been strengthened by a number of ...
Stefansdottir Vigdis - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To assess pregnant women's knowledge and understanding of first trimester prenatal screening (nuchal translucency, maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin and pregnancy-associated plasma-protein-A), to evaluate the impact of a new information booklet and investigate the effects of education and experiential knowledge of congenital disabilities on the perceived likelihood of ...
Hourrier Sophie - - 2010
In the past two decades second-trimester maternal serum screening for Down syndrome has been the most common strategy for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal aneuploidies. More recently, screening for and diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities have increasingly been performed in the first trimester. With improvements and technological advances in ultrasound, it is ...
Cipriano L E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of targeted and universal screening for vasa praevia at 18-20 weeks of gestation in singleton and twin pregnancies. DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis based on a decision-analytic model comparing relevant strategies and life-long outcomes for mother and infant(s). SETTING: Ontario, Canada. POPULATION: A cohort of pregnant women ...
Chasen Stephen T - - 2010
First-trimester aneuploidy screening is associated with very high detection rates for Down syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities. The clinical implications of early screening relate to prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and important information obtained at screening. Early screening can change the rate of invasive prenatal diagnosis and the gestational age ...
Nhan-Chang Chia-Ling - - 2010
Tuberculosis is known as the great masquerader and the manifestation of the disease can be vague and widespread. Worldwide, TB kills more women each year than any other infection and the greatest burden of disease occurs in those in the reproductive age. Screening strategies in pregnancy provides a unique opportunity ...
Wang Min - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the use of maternal serum ADAM12 as a second-trimester Down syndrome serum marker. METHODS: Samples from a total of 46 Down syndrome pregnancies and 184 unaffected singleton pregnancies matched for gestational age and maternal weight were retrieved from storage and measured for ADAM12; 35 false-positive pregnancies were ...
van Heesch Peter N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To establish how different methods of estimating gestational age (GA) affect reliability of first-trimester screening for Down syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective single-center study of 100 women with a viable singleton pregnancy, who had first-trimester screening. We calculated multiples of the median (MoM) for maternal-serum free beta human chorionic gonadotropin (free ...
Huang Tianhua - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between four defined adverse pregnancy outcomes and levels of first and second trimester maternal serum markers focusing in particular on how well combinations of markers predict these adverse outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of associations between first and second trimester serum markers and ...
Zhong Yan - - 2010
Preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are major contributors to perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Both are characterized by impaired trophoblastic invasion of the maternal spiral arteries and their conversion from narrow muscular vessels to wide non-muscular channels. Despite improvement in the understanding of the pathophysiology of these conditions, ability ...
Lumbiganon Pisake - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in pregnancy, if left undiagnosed and appropriately treated can lead to acute pyelonephritis in mothers and low birth weight in infants. Urine culture is the gold standard for diagnosing ASB. Unfortunately, urine culture is limitedly available. The present review aims at evaluating performance of ...
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