Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1423
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Kawata Mitsuhiro - - 2013
Fetuses positioned next to littermates of the opposite sex may develop different sexually related traits and aggressive behaviour in later life. These effects of intrauterine position are due to hormonal transfer between fetuses. Testosterone from a male fetus that crosses the fetal membrane of an adjacent female fetus can affect ...
Nobili Elena - - 2013
To investigate the indications for offering selective fetal reduction in monochorionic (MC) and dichorionic (DC) twins and to correlate obstetric outcome with the antenatal procedure. All cases of MC and DC twins discordant for structural anomalies and for chromosomal/genetic abnormalities were included. Selective reductions performed for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome or ...
Harper Lorie M - - 2013
Objectives We aimed to determine the accuracy of sonographic formulas for estimating birth weight in twin pregnancies. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive twin pregnancies undergoing sonography at within 1 week of delivery. Pregnancies were included if biometric measurements and birth weight were available and excluded if ...
Teoh Mark - - 2013
To evaluate the performance of a collaborative fetal therapy service for treatment for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The Victorian Fetal Therapy Service (VFTS) was developed in 2006. It is a state-based three-centre collaborative service comprising a surgical team and clinical leadership group, designed to optimise access to, and performance of, ...
Jacob Francois D - - 2013
Trisomy 21 is the most common viable trisomy. Although it is invariably associated with mild to severe developmental delay and intellectual disability, no gross central nervous system malformation has been consistently identified in individuals with trisomy 21. We present the case of a monozygotic twin pregnancy in which both fetuses ...
Mouawia Hussein H Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon ; Paris Descartes University, Paris, - - 2013
Detection of Circulating Fetal Trophoblastic Cells (CFTC) by single cell genotyping not only allows to identify fetal cells from maternal blood, but also to characterize their bi-parental genome. We have tested intact fetal trophoblastes recovered at 4th to 10th weeks of gestation (WG) from blood (10 ml per mother) of ...
Werder Emily E Epidemiology Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20852, - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of maternal chronic disease on obstetric complications among twin pregnancies. Multicenter, retrospective, observational study. Clinical centers (19 hospitals). Twin pregnancies (n = 4,821) delivered ≥ 23 weeks of gestation and classified by maternal chronic disease (either none or any of the following: asthma, depression, hypertension, diabetes, ...
Brady Paula C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the early β-hCG trends in vanishing twins compared with normally progressing singleton and twin pregnancies. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-based infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing fresh IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles between 1998 and 2010. INTERVENTION(S): Early β-hCG level increase in vanished twin pregnancies was compared with ...
Trojner-Bregar Andreja - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the puerperal complications following twin deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based analysis of puerperal delivery-related complications of twins born in Slovenia for comparing three groups of births (vaginal, elective and emergent cesarean). RESULTS: A total of 1,001 elective, 1,109 emergent cesarean sections, and 2,204 vaginal twin ...
Haas Dorothea - - 2013
Smith-Lemli-Opitz (SLOS), or RSH syndrome, is an autosomal recessive deficiency of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7) resulting in an accumulation of 7- and 8-dehydrocholesterol (7- and 8-DHC) in tissues and body fluids. At birth patients have variable malformations of CNS, heart, kidney, genitalia, and limbs, which may be life-limiting. In later course, ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2013
Background and objective: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may be associated with significantly higher aortic intima-media thickening (aIMT) values. It is unknown if fetal aIMT is associated with glomerulosclerosis and amniotic albuminuria in utero. Design, setting, participants, and measurements: Fetal abdominal aIMT and amniotic albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) were measured in 126 ...
Sparks Teresa N TN Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital/Massachusetts General Hospital , Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Examine whether dichorionic (DC) and monochorionic (MC) twins exhibit different rates and severity of preeclampsia. Retrospective cohort study of 695 twin pregnancies from 2002 to 2007. DC pregnancies were compared to MC pregnancies, with the primary outcome of interest being development of preeclampsia, and the secondary outcome being severity of ...
Khalil Mohamed Ibrahim - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between cervical length (CL) and change of CL over two measurements and preterm birth (PTB) at <32 weeks in asymptomatic twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: This study was undertaken in the multiple pregnancy antenatal clinic at the Security Forces Hospital (SFH), a tertiary care hospital in ...
Murata Masaharu - - 2013
AIM: To clarify perinatal outcomes of monoamniotic (MM) twin pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: MM twins delivered in seven tertiary perinatal centers during the last decade were retrospectively evaluated. All pregnant women were scheduled to begin inpatient management at around 24 weeks of gestation and undergo a planned cesarean section beyond ...
Nir Amiram - - 2013
Singleton pregnancy in patients with single ventricle after the Fontan operation has been reported with significant offspring and maternal complications. We report a twin pregnancy and premature delivery, in a patient following the Fontan operation.
Lawlor Debbie A DA MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol UK. - - 2013
Maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy is a suggested determinant of bone-mineral content (BMC) in offspring, but has been assessed in small studies. We investigated this association in a large prospective study. Eligible participants were mother-and-singleton-offspring pairs who had participated in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, and ...
Temur Ismail - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this report was to evaluate and present the fourth longest delay among twin and multiple pregnancies described in the literature. Methods: How can we optimize the health of the remaining fetus or fetuses after spontaneous abortion of the first fetus in multiple pregnancies? By considering ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2013
PURPOSE: A recent publication by Swedish Colleagues in Fertility & Sterility for the first time, statistically correctly, attempted to assess risks of twin IVF pregnancies in comparison to two consecutive singleton IVF pregnancies. Historic comparisons have been statistically incorrect, comparing risks of one twin to one singleton pregnancy. We here ...
Motlaq Mohammad E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning in Iran and to explore the public-health implications. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 2120 married women aged 15-49years. The sample population was enrolled in 6 large Iranian cities (Tehran, Mashhad, Tabriz, Isfahan, ...
Fallahian Masoumeh M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Familial recurrent molar pregnancy is an exceedingly rare condition, in which complete hydatidiform moles are mostly diploid but biparental in origin and the outcome of subsequent pregnancies is likely to be a hydatidiform mole or other type of reproductive loss. We previously reported a case of familial molar pregnancy (family ...
Kurjak Asim - - 2013
Abstract Aim. The aim was to assess the onset and the frequencies of the first intertwin contacts by four dimensional ultrasound (4D US) in the 1st trimester of pregnancy. In the second part of the study fetal behavior and Kurjak Antenatal Neurodevelopmental Test (KANET) score of twins compared to singletons ...
Smart C J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Pregnancy loss is a unique and life-changing event for the woman and her family. Miscarriages occur in about 15% to 20% of all clinically identified pregnancies in the United States. These pregnancy losses can cause a multitude of problems including physical, emotional, and psychosocial distress. This article discusses how ...
Senat Marie-Victoire - - 2013
The objective of the study was to evaluate the use of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) to reduce preterm delivery in women with a twin pregnancy and short cervix. This open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial included women with a twin pregnancy between 24(+0) and 31(+6) weeks of gestation who were asymptomatic ...
Wolfe Michael D MD Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, MSC 10 5580, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2013
To evaluate the success of induction of labor in twin gestations using standard protocols for misoprostol and oxytocin designed for singleton gestations. This retrospective cohort study involved all diamniotic twin gestations that were induced at > or = 32 weeks' gestation with intact membranes. Two singleton pregnancies were matched for ...
Engelbrechtsen Line L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,University Hospital Roskilde, Roskilde, - - 2013
Although management of twin deliveries has been a topic of discussion for decades, a consensus on how to deliver twins is lacking. The objective of this study was to examine short-term neonatal outcome of the second twin delivered by cesarean section after vaginal delivery of the first-born twin (combined delivery) ...
Schnobrich M R - - 2013
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Mares diagnosed with twin vesicles at 13-17 days after ovulation commonly have one of 2 vesicles manually reduced. It is not known whether vesicle location (adjacent vs. nonadjacent), mare age, mare reproductive status, parity, month of breeding or mare plasma progesterone concentration affects live foal rates. ...
Ahmed Farhatulain F Gynae Unit II, Fatima memorial hospital, Lahore, Pakistan ; House 32-B, street-1, cavalry ground, Shadman, Lahore, - - 2013
The objective of the current study is to compare outcomes of twin pregnancies with attempted labor and active second-stage management with twin pregnancies delivered by planned cesarean delivery. Two hundred and eighty-three patients with twin pregnancy meeting the inclusion criteria were reviewed. They were followed for success of ECV and/or ...
Zanardini Cristina - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of cervical cerclage (CC) in twin pregnancies. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of twin pregnancies undergoing CC between January 2001 and December 2009 at our Institution. CC was offered in case of a cervical length measurement ≤20 mm (ultrasound-indicated CC) or in case of cervical dilatation with membranes ...
O'Connor Clare - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To establish if first or second trimester biometry is a useful adjunct in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome in twin pregnancy. Methods: A consecutive cohort of 1028 twin pregnancies was enrolled for the Evaluation of Sonographic Predictors of Restricted growth in Twins (ESPRiT) study, a prospective study ...
Chu Sharon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that cord insertion type of one twin correlates with chorionic plate vascularization of the monochorionic co-twin. Specifically, for twins with paracentral cords, chorionic plate vascularization is significantly greater when the co-twin has a velamentous, rather than paracentral cord insertion. AIMS: To determine whether this correlation between ...
Klewitz Jutta - - 2013
Objective-To assess pregnancy and live foaling rates after reduction of twin pregnancy via transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration (TUA) in mares and evaluate effects of gestational period, localization of conceptuses, fluid aspiration volume, and combination of TUA with embryonic or fetal puncture on these outcomes. Design-Clinical trial. Animals-44 mares pregnant with twins ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the role of first trimester ultrasound in predicting the outcome in twin pregnancies is conflicting. The aim of this study is to determine the association between crown-rump length (CRL) discordance and adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective study of all twin ...
Aydın Banu - - 2013
Multiple pregnancies are characterized by significantly higher rates of intrauterine and perinatal morbidities and fetal death compared to singleton pregnancies. It is well known that the death of a co-twin during the second and third trimester can cause damage in the other fetus. Here we report two newborn cases presenting ...
Benute Glaucia R G GR Psychology Division, Hospital das Clínicas, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2013
Twin pregnancies are at increased physiological and psychosocial risks. To investigate the prevalence of major depression in twin pregnancies and correlate with stress and social support. The study included 51 pregnant women under specialized prenatal care who were evaluated by a Portuguese version of the semi-structured questionnaire Primary Care Evaluation ...
Boyle B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the public health consequences of the rise in multiple births with respect to congenital anomalies. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological analysis of data from population-based congenital anomaly registries. SETTING: Fourteen European countries. POPULATION: A total of 5.4 million births 1984-2007, of which 3% were multiple births. METHODS: Cases of ...
Shen Meng-Shun - - 2013
An adequate thickness and pattern of the pre-ovulatory endometrium is considered one of the essential requirements for a successful pregnancy. Although various methods for increasing endometrial thickness have been proposed, the real value of these interventions remains controversial. Here, we present a case of successful administration of extended estrogen supplementation ...
Rossi A C - - 2013
To review the current literature concerning perinatal outcome of monoamniotic pregnancies with cord entanglement. A search in PubMed, EMBASE and MEDLINE for articles published between January 2000 and December 2011 was performed, using the following keywords: monoamniotic/monochorionic pregnancy(ies); twins; cord entanglement; fetal ultrasound/surveillance. Inclusion criteria for the study were: monoamniotic ...
Krupp Jennifer L - - 2013
: Conjoined twins occur in one in 100,000 live births. Successful term pregnancy in a separated conjoined twin is rare. : We present a 27-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 0, former ischiopagus conjoined twin with successful separation at 12 days of life. We report a successful term gestation delivered by ...
Giconi Stephanie S - - 2013
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a disease that affects roughly 15% of monochorionic twins. Although TTTS is not extremely prevalent, the rate of mortality and morbidly approaches 100% without early detection and treatment. The following case study is a triplet pregnancy that included a set of monochorionic twins affected by ...
Diehl Werner - - 2013
Twin anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) complicates up to 6 % of monochorionic (MC) diamniotic twin pregnancies typically in the late second or third trimester. Few and very small arterio-venous (AV) vascular anastomoses are the underlying angioarchitecture at the chorionic plate related to TAPS. However, in monoamniotic (MA) twins usually thick ...
Harper Lorie M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perinatal risks associated with growth discordance in appropriately grown twin gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of all twin gestations excluding those complicated by monoamnionicity, twin-twin transfusion syndrome, structural anomalies, selective reduction, or a birth weight <10(th) percentile. Growth discordance was defined as ≥20%. Outcomes considered ...
Stout Molly J MJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in Saint Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of single umbilical artery (SUA) in twin pregnancies and to investigate whether SUA in twin gestations is associated with adverse obstetric outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of consecutive twin pregnancies over 17 years at a tertiary care hospital. ...
Kuleva Marina - - 2013
Numerous studies have been performed on the accuracy of chorionicity determination, showing high accuracy of the first and the early first trimester scan (7,8,9,10). However, the majority of these studies have been conducted in large tertiary centres, whilst the current practice is that most women with twin pregnancy are first ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Twin birthweight (BW) discordance is an important determinant of adverse perinatal outcome. Despite knowledge of this association, the degree of actual BW or estimated fetal weight (EFW) discordance that justifies elective delivery is yet to be established. The main aim of this study was to ascertain the performance of ...
Fernando Dulitha N - - 2013
Abstract Background: Teenage pregnancies are associated with negative outcomes. Prevention requires understanding them and their families. Objectives: This study aimed to describe personal and family attributes of pregnant teenagers in Sri Lanka. Methods: This was a community-based study in Sri Lanka among 510 pregnant teenagers. Results: Half (50%) of the ...
Odibo Anthony O - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Customized growth charts developed for singleton pregnancies have been shown to be more effective at identifying small for gestational age (SGA) pregnancies at risk for intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). We sought to compare the association between SGA and IUFD in twins using customized growth charts designed for twin gestations ...
Tendais Iva - - 2013
Fetal movements and fetal heart rate (FHR) are well-established markers of fetal well-being and maturation of the fetal central nervous system. The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss the available knowledge on fetal movements and heart rate patterns in twin pregnancies. There is some evidence for an ...
van Rooij Iris A L M IA Departments of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and HTA, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen. - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The various phenotypes of hypospadias may result from disturbances of dissimilar embryonic processes in different time windows, suggesting aetiological heterogeneity; however, only a few studies have investigated the risk factors for the different hypospadias phenotypes. The study confirmed that ...
Roman Ashley S - - 2013
Objective To determine if prophylactic cerclage improves pregnancy outcomes in women with twin pregnancies without a history of cervical insufficiency.Study Design Women with twin pregnancies who received outpatient preterm labor surveillance services between January 1990 and May 2004 for ≥1 day beginning at < 28.0 weeks' gestation were identified from a database. Patients with ...
Chu S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: While endoglin has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various complications in singleton pregnancies, its potential contribution to complications of monochorionic twinning remains largely undetermined. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between relevant clinical and pathological variables and placental endoglin levels in diamniotic-monochorionic twin pregnancies. ...
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