Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1406
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Lawlor Debbie A DA MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol UK. - - 2013
Maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy is a suggested determinant of bone-mineral content (BMC) in offspring, but has been assessed in small studies. We investigated this association in a large prospective study. Eligible participants were mother-and-singleton-offspring pairs who had participated in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, and ...
Temur Ismail - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this report was to evaluate and present the fourth longest delay among twin and multiple pregnancies described in the literature. Methods: How can we optimize the health of the remaining fetus or fetuses after spontaneous abortion of the first fetus in multiple pregnancies? By considering ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2013
PURPOSE: A recent publication by Swedish Colleagues in Fertility & Sterility for the first time, statistically correctly, attempted to assess risks of twin IVF pregnancies in comparison to two consecutive singleton IVF pregnancies. Historic comparisons have been statistically incorrect, comparing risks of one twin to one singleton pregnancy. We here ...
Motlaq Mohammad E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning in Iran and to explore the public-health implications. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 2120 married women aged 15-49years. The sample population was enrolled in 6 large Iranian cities (Tehran, Mashhad, Tabriz, Isfahan, ...
Fallahian Masoumeh M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Familial recurrent molar pregnancy is an exceedingly rare condition, in which complete hydatidiform moles are mostly diploid but biparental in origin and the outcome of subsequent pregnancies is likely to be a hydatidiform mole or other type of reproductive loss. We previously reported a case of familial molar pregnancy (family ...
Kurjak Asim - - 2013
Abstract Aim. The aim was to assess the onset and the frequencies of the first intertwin contacts by four dimensional ultrasound (4D US) in the 1st trimester of pregnancy. In the second part of the study fetal behavior and Kurjak Antenatal Neurodevelopmental Test (KANET) score of twins compared to singletons ...
Smart C J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Pregnancy loss is a unique and life-changing event for the woman and her family. Miscarriages occur in about 15% to 20% of all clinically identified pregnancies in the United States. These pregnancy losses can cause a multitude of problems including physical, emotional, and psychosocial distress. This article discusses how ...
Senat Marie-Victoire - - 2013
The objective of the study was to evaluate the use of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) to reduce preterm delivery in women with a twin pregnancy and short cervix. This open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial included women with a twin pregnancy between 24(+0) and 31(+6) weeks of gestation who were asymptomatic ...
Wolfe Michael D MD Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, MSC 10 5580, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2013
To evaluate the success of induction of labor in twin gestations using standard protocols for misoprostol and oxytocin designed for singleton gestations. This retrospective cohort study involved all diamniotic twin gestations that were induced at > or = 32 weeks' gestation with intact membranes. Two singleton pregnancies were matched for ...
Engelbrechtsen Line L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,University Hospital Roskilde, Roskilde, - - 2013
Although management of twin deliveries has been a topic of discussion for decades, a consensus on how to deliver twins is lacking. The objective of this study was to examine short-term neonatal outcome of the second twin delivered by cesarean section after vaginal delivery of the first-born twin (combined delivery) ...
Schnobrich M R - - 2013
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Mares diagnosed with twin vesicles at 13-17 days after ovulation commonly have one of 2 vesicles manually reduced. It is not known whether vesicle location (adjacent vs. nonadjacent), mare age, mare reproductive status, parity, month of breeding or mare plasma progesterone concentration affects live foal rates. ...
Ahmed Farhatulain F Gynae Unit II, Fatima memorial hospital, Lahore, Pakistan ; House 32-B, street-1, cavalry ground, Shadman, Lahore, - - 2013
The objective of the current study is to compare outcomes of twin pregnancies with attempted labor and active second-stage management with twin pregnancies delivered by planned cesarean delivery. Two hundred and eighty-three patients with twin pregnancy meeting the inclusion criteria were reviewed. They were followed for success of ECV and/or ...
Zanardini Cristina - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of cervical cerclage (CC) in twin pregnancies. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of twin pregnancies undergoing CC between January 2001 and December 2009 at our Institution. CC was offered in case of a cervical length measurement ≤20 mm (ultrasound-indicated CC) or in case of cervical dilatation with membranes ...
O'Connor Clare - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To establish if first or second trimester biometry is a useful adjunct in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome in twin pregnancy. Methods: A consecutive cohort of 1028 twin pregnancies was enrolled for the Evaluation of Sonographic Predictors of Restricted growth in Twins (ESPRiT) study, a prospective study ...
Chu Sharon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that cord insertion type of one twin correlates with chorionic plate vascularization of the monochorionic co-twin. Specifically, for twins with paracentral cords, chorionic plate vascularization is significantly greater when the co-twin has a velamentous, rather than paracentral cord insertion. AIMS: To determine whether this correlation between ...
Klewitz Jutta - - 2013
Objective-To assess pregnancy and live foaling rates after reduction of twin pregnancy via transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration (TUA) in mares and evaluate effects of gestational period, localization of conceptuses, fluid aspiration volume, and combination of TUA with embryonic or fetal puncture on these outcomes. Design-Clinical trial. Animals-44 mares pregnant with twins ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the role of first trimester ultrasound in predicting the outcome in twin pregnancies is conflicting. The aim of this study is to determine the association between crown-rump length (CRL) discordance and adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective study of all twin ...
Aydın Banu - - 2013
Multiple pregnancies are characterized by significantly higher rates of intrauterine and perinatal morbidities and fetal death compared to singleton pregnancies. It is well known that the death of a co-twin during the second and third trimester can cause damage in the other fetus. Here we report two newborn cases presenting ...
Benute Glaucia R G - - 2013
Background: Twin pregnancies are at increased physiological and psychosocial risks. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of major depression in twin pregnancies and correlate with stress and social support. Method: The study included 51 pregnant women under specialized prenatal care who were evaluated by a Portuguese version of the semi-structured questionnaire ...
Boyle B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the public health consequences of the rise in multiple births with respect to congenital anomalies. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological analysis of data from population-based congenital anomaly registries. SETTING: Fourteen European countries. POPULATION: A total of 5.4 million births 1984-2007, of which 3% were multiple births. METHODS: Cases of ...
Shen Meng-Shun - - 2013
An adequate thickness and pattern of the pre-ovulatory endometrium is considered one of the essential requirements for a successful pregnancy. Although various methods for increasing endometrial thickness have been proposed, the real value of these interventions remains controversial. Here, we present a case of successful administration of extended estrogen supplementation ...
Rossi A C - - 2013
To review the current literature concerning perinatal outcome of monoamniotic pregnancies with cord entanglement. A search in PubMed, EMBASE and MEDLINE for articles published between January 2000 and December 2011 was performed, using the following keywords: monoamniotic/monochorionic pregnancy(ies); twins; cord entanglement; fetal ultrasound/surveillance. Inclusion criteria for the study were: monoamniotic ...
Krupp Jennifer L - - 2013
: Conjoined twins occur in one in 100,000 live births. Successful term pregnancy in a separated conjoined twin is rare. : We present a 27-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 0, former ischiopagus conjoined twin with successful separation at 12 days of life. We report a successful term gestation delivered by ...
Giconi Stephanie S - - 2013
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a disease that affects roughly 15% of monochorionic twins. Although TTTS is not extremely prevalent, the rate of mortality and morbidly approaches 100% without early detection and treatment. The following case study is a triplet pregnancy that included a set of monochorionic twins affected by ...
Diehl Werner - - 2013
Twin anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) complicates up to 6 % of monochorionic (MC) diamniotic twin pregnancies typically in the late second or third trimester. Few and very small arterio-venous (AV) vascular anastomoses are the underlying angioarchitecture at the chorionic plate related to TAPS. However, in monoamniotic (MA) twins usually thick ...
Harper Lorie M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perinatal risks associated with growth discordance in appropriately grown twin gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of all twin gestations excluding those complicated by monoamnionicity, twin-twin transfusion syndrome, structural anomalies, selective reduction, or a birth weight <10(th) percentile. Growth discordance was defined as ≥20%. Outcomes considered ...
Stout Molly J MJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in Saint Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of single umbilical artery (SUA) in twin pregnancies and to investigate whether SUA in twin gestations is associated with adverse obstetric outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of consecutive twin pregnancies over 17 years at a tertiary care hospital. ...
Kuleva Marina - - 2013
Numerous studies have been performed on the accuracy of chorionicity determination, showing high accuracy of the first and the early first trimester scan (7,8,9,10). However, the majority of these studies have been conducted in large tertiary centres, whilst the current practice is that most women with twin pregnancy are first ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Twin birthweight (BW) discordance is an important determinant of adverse perinatal outcome. Despite knowledge of this association, the degree of actual BW or estimated fetal weight (EFW) discordance that justifies elective delivery is yet to be established. The main aim of this study was to ascertain the performance of ...
Fernando Dulitha N - - 2013
Abstract Background: Teenage pregnancies are associated with negative outcomes. Prevention requires understanding them and their families. Objectives: This study aimed to describe personal and family attributes of pregnant teenagers in Sri Lanka. Methods: This was a community-based study in Sri Lanka among 510 pregnant teenagers. Results: Half (50%) of the ...
Odibo Anthony O - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Customized growth charts developed for singleton pregnancies have been shown to be more effective at identifying small for gestational age (SGA) pregnancies at risk for intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). We sought to compare the association between SGA and IUFD in twins using customized growth charts designed for twin gestations ...
Tendais Iva - - 2013
Fetal movements and fetal heart rate (FHR) are well-established markers of fetal well-being and maturation of the fetal central nervous system. The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss the available knowledge on fetal movements and heart rate patterns in twin pregnancies. There is some evidence for an ...
van Rooij Iris A L M IA Departments of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and HTA, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen. - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The various phenotypes of hypospadias may result from disturbances of dissimilar embryonic processes in different time windows, suggesting aetiological heterogeneity; however, only a few studies have investigated the risk factors for the different hypospadias phenotypes. The study confirmed that ...
Roman Ashley S - - 2013
Objective To determine if prophylactic cerclage improves pregnancy outcomes in women with twin pregnancies without a history of cervical insufficiency.Study Design Women with twin pregnancies who received outpatient preterm labor surveillance services between January 1990 and May 2004 for ≥1 day beginning at < 28.0 weeks' gestation were identified from a database. Patients with ...
Chu S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: While endoglin has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various complications in singleton pregnancies, its potential contribution to complications of monochorionic twinning remains largely undetermined. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between relevant clinical and pathological variables and placental endoglin levels in diamniotic-monochorionic twin pregnancies. ...
Dekoninck P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish gestational age-specific reference ranges for amniotic fluid measurements in monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies, to compare them with previously reported singleton and twin reference ranges, and to examine the rationale for a gestational age dependent cut-off to define the polyhydramnios in twin-twin ...
Gillissen A - - 2013
Monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies are at increased risk of several complications including acute or chronic twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS). Both TTTS and TAPS result from inter-twin fetofetal transfusion through the placental vascular anastomoses. In addition, MC twin pregnancies are at increased risk of having a ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2013
Twin pregnancies are at higher risk for fetal mortality when compared with singleton pregnancies. Single fetal demise occurs in 3.7 – 6.8 % of all twin pregnancies and considerably increases the complication rate in the co-twin including fetal loss, premature delivery, and end-organ damage. In this review, we summarize the ...
Barrera Jerome Rebollos - - 2013
Twin molar pregnancy with coexistent viable fetus in a patient with Graves' disease is a rare entity. The patient is a 37-year-old woman who was hospitalised owing to persistent vomiting and vaginal bleeding. The pregnancy test was positive and the pelvic ultrasound disclosed twin gestation of complete mole and a ...
Badoe E V - - 2013
Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is probably the most severe malformation found in humans.It is also called acardia ,acardiac twinning or acardius acephalus and is a very rare condition that occurs in monozygotic twins and rarely in triplet pregnancy. It has not been described in the West African Medical literature. ...
Tannuri Ana Cristina Aoun - - 2013
This study reports on the experience of one hospital regarding the surgical aspects, anatomic investigation and outcomes of the management of 21 conjoined twin pairs over the past 20 years. All cases of conjoined twins who were treated during this period were reviewed. A careful imaging evaluation was performed to ...
Akaba G O - - 2013
Although twin gestation is associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality, optimal management of this high risk pregnancy is associated with improved outcome for the mother and her baby. Globally, Nigeria has the highest incidence of twinning. This makes studies on twin gestation important, especially on the outcome of the ...
Häberling Isabelle S - - 2013
We assessed cerebral asymmetry for language in 35 monozygotic twin pairs. Using DTI, we reconstructed the arcuate fasciculus in each twin. Among the male twins, right-handed pairs showed greater left-sided asymmetry of connectivity in the arcuate fasciculus than did those with discordant handedness, and within the discordant group the right-handers ...
Mpogoro Fj - - 2013
Advanced abdominal pregnancies with live twin fetuses are extremely rare and are misdiagnosed in up to 60% of the cases. Such a case is presented here, highlighting the diagnostic and management challenges encountered. A high index of suspicion in making the diagnosis of this rare variety of ectopic pregnancy, emphasizing ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2013
We retrospectively evaluated a series of 18 monoamniotic and 7 pseudomonoamniotic (secondary to rupture in the membrane dividing monochorionic diamniotic twins) twin gestations managed after 20 weeks' gestation. There were no significant differences in the incidence of neonatal death or umbilical cord entanglement between the monoamniotic and pseudomonoamniotic twin gestations ...
Pestana Inês - - 2013
To assess whether vaginal delivery increases the risk of adverse neonatal outcome among uneventful monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies. We conducted a retrospective controlled cohort study on 112 uneventful monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies at > or = 34 weeks' gestation. The outcomes of 52 monochorionic diamniotic twins delivered vaginally were compared ...
Fiengo Leslie - - 2013
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an important cause of morbidity and is the first cause of maternal death after delivery in Western Nations. The risk of venous thromboembolism is present throughout the pregnancy and is maximal during postpartum, especially after twin delivery. Many of the signs and symptoms of DVT ...
Ferraz Tiago José Santos de Matos - - 2013
A dichorionic twin pregnancy with complete hydatidiform mole and coexistent fetus is a rare and challenging situation, whose pathogenesis has not been yet fully understood. We present a case of a 39-year-old woman who underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection with two embryos transfer. The 12-week gestation ultrasound examination revealed normal fetus ...
Rimawi Bassam - - 2013
We describe a case of a heterotopic pregnancy that included a rare spontaneous twin gestational monoamniotic monochorionic pregnancy in a patient with a history of questionable contraceptive practices and a previous left salpingectomy secondary to a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. A 34-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 1001, at 9 weeks + ...
Oghale O P - - 2013
Bilateral transverse facial cleft, Tessier no 7 also known as bilateral congenital macrostomia are very rare clefts. We present an eight months old female with bilateral transverse facial cleft, third child of three siblings in a monogamous setting born to parents of Delta origin who resides in effurun Delta state ...
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