Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1409
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Gaysina Darya - - 2013
Several studies report an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring conduct disorder. However, past research evidences difficulty in disaggregating prenatal environmental influences from genetic and postnatal environmental influences. To examine the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring conduct problems among children reared by genetically related mothers ...
Haider Sadia S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois at Chicago, United - - 2013
Minority women and adolescent females of all races and ethnicities are disproportionately affected by unintended pregnancy in the United States. Adolescents also experience an additional proportion of the burden compared to other age groups, as 82% of pregnancies among women 19 years old and younger are unintended. Moreover, minority and ...
Ishii Keisuke - - 2013
Fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP) was performed at 22 weeks of gestation for a pregnancy complicated with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and an anterior placenta. However, vascular anastomoses could not be identified by the fetoscope. To dichotomize the circulation between the twins, the terminal ends of the paired artery and vein ...
Murata Masaharu - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To describe the incidence and clinical features of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) with third trimester onset. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of monochorionic diamniotic (MD) twin pregnancies delivered during a recent 4-year period. The inclusion criterion was women who received prenatal care at our center from ...
Bohm H V - - 2013
Using the Interactive Autism Network Research Database, the Autistic Spectrum Disorder concordance rates for twins and non-twin siblings were calculated. For males, females and both genders together, the concordance rate for dizygotic twins is approximately twice that of non-twin siblings. We also determined that the concordance rate for non-twin siblings ...
Shamshirsaz Amirhoushang A - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To estimate the impact of the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) weight gain recommendations on perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. Methods: In this multicenter cohort study, using the 2009 IOM guidelines, we examined pregnancy outcomes in 570 uncomplicated diamniotic twin pregnancies. Subjects were grouped according to pre-pregnancy body mass ...
Blois Sandra M - - 2013
Members of the galectin family are expressed within the female reproductive tract and have been shown to be involved in multiple biological functions that support the progression of pregnancy. Specific expression patterns of different members of this family have been identified at the maternal decidua and on the placental side. ...
Herskind Anne Maria - - 2013
Smaller studies and many case series reports indicate that congenital heart defects (CHD) may be more common in monochorionic twins than in dichorionic twins and singletons. We investigated CHD occurrence in all twins and 5% of all singletons born in Denmark in the period 1977-2001 and followed through 2006, by ...
Novak Christopher M - - 2013
Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is a rare complication of monochorionic twin gestations for which therapy involves the disruption of vascular anastomoses between the pump twin and acardiac twin and death of the acardius. A 37-year-old woman, gravida 11 para 2, with a monochorionic twin pregnancy complicated by twin reversed ...
Bronsteen Richard - - 2013
To review experience with diagnosis, clinical associations, and outcomes of vasa previa in a single institution. This was a retrospective review of all identified vasa previa cases from January 1 1990, to June 30, 2010. Sixty cases of vasa previa were identified (53 singletons, seven twins); 56 cases were diagnosed ...
Luminoso Daniele - - 2013
We present a case of a mild (stage 1) spontaneous isolated twin-anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) detected prenatally at 22 + 6 weeks gestation. After counseling, the couple opted for expectant management, and weekly ultrasounds were arranged. At 24 + 1 week, a left hemisphere grade 3 intraventricular hemorrhage with ipsilateral severe ventriculomegaly was diagnosed in the ...
Longoria Teresa C - - 2013
Ectopic pregnancy remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in women of childbearing age. We report a case of a unilateral twin ectopic pregnancy in a fallopian tube remnant after previous ipsilateral salpingectomy. The pregnancy was conceived spontaneously and included two live gestations. Although the presentation of this ectopic ...
Whalen Mathilde Logan - - 2013
This study examines the association between the incarceration of a household member and adolescent pregnancy, and evaluates whether this association extends beyond that of other variables associated with sexual health. We used data from 12 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth: Child and Young Adult. After eliminating males ...
Patro Bernadeta - - 2013
Background/Aims: It has been hypothesized that the intrauterine environment is an independent factor in obesity development. If so, the maternal effect is likely to be a stronger influencing factor ('fetal overnutrition hypothesis'). We aimed to systematically evaluate the associations of offspring body mass index (BMI, or adiposity) with pre-pregnancy BMI ...
Lopriore Enrico - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the incidence, placental characteristics and outcome in acute peripartum twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). All consecutive cases of monochorionic (MC) twins admitted to our center were included in the study. We excluded cases with chronic TTTS or twin anemia polycythemia sequence. Acute peripartum ...
Anbazhagan Akila - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the outcomes of twin pregnancies conceived by artificial reproductive techniques (ART) with those of spontaneous conception. Study design: In this multicenter prospective trial, comparisons were made between methods of conception in twin pregnancies, for maternal and perinatal outcomes. Results: Of 1001 twin pairs, 763/1001 (72.7%) were ...
Toka Hakan R - - 2013
A pregnant woman presented at gestational week 28 with loss of consciousness and profound polyuria. Further characterization revealed osmotic diuresis due to massive glycosuria without hyperglycemia. Glycosuria reduced substantially postpartum, from ∼100 to ∼30 g/1.73 m(2) per day. DNA sequencing analysis of the SLC5A2 gene encoding the renal glucose transporter ...
Leftwich Heidi K HK Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
To compare labor progression in twin vs singleton gestations. Retrospective review of electronic database created by Consortium on Safe Labor, reflecting labor and delivery information from 12 clinical centers 2002-2008. Women with twin gestations, cephalic presentation of presenting twin, gestational age ≥34 weeks, with ≥2 cervical examinations were included. Exclusion ...
Singh Neeta - - 2013
Familial hypercholesterolemia is a rare disorder characterized by high cholesterol levels and early cardiovascular disease. Early detection and treatment with statins and other hypolipidemic agents are effective in heterozygous patients. Low-density lipoprotein apheresis and liver transplantation are treatment options in homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. We report a case of a 27-year-old ...
Iskender Cantekin - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the relation between perinatal complications in twin pregnancies and the combination of first-trimester maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (β-hCG) levels. The study was conducted at the Perinatology Department of Baskent University between January 2005 and ...
Manios Yannis - - 2013
To identify among a wide range of perinatal indices, as well as certain family sociodemographic and parental characteristics, those independently associated with insulin resistance (IR) in late childhood. A representative sample of 2195 Greek schoolchildren, aged 9-13 yr, was examined, and based on the biochemical indices collected IR was estimated using ...
D'Antonio F - - 2013
Is there an association between discordance in embryonic growth and fetal loss at the time of the 11-14-week scan in twin pregnancies? Regardless of the chorionicity, crown rump length (CRL) discordance at 7(+0)-9(+6) weeks is predictive of subsequent single fetal demise in the first trimester. Previous small studies have reported ...
Ladhani Noor Niyar N - - 2013
To describe the prenatal sonographic features and the results of DNA analysis on three fetuses with Dyssegmental Dysplasia, Silverman-Handmaker Type (DD-SH). A retrospective review of three fetuses with confirmed DD-SH was conducted. The fetal ultrasound findings, radiological characteristics and results of the mutation analysis of the HSPG2 gene were reviewed. ...
Ghalili Ava - - 2013
The widespread use of assisted reproductive technologies has led to an increase in the prevalence of monozygotic twins. Twinning after blastocyst transfer results in monochorionic placentation; a form of placentation that is associated with higher risks of mortality and morbidity. This study describes complication rates of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin ...
Kaser Daniel J - - 2013
To determine embryo and cycle-specific parameters associated with twin live birth in day 3 cryopreserved double embryo transfer (DET) cycles, and to propose a new prediction model for external validation. All cycles with autologous or donor cryopreserved DET of day 3 embryos from 2002 to 2011 at a single academic ...
Russo Francesca M - - 2013
To estimate the risk of stillbirth in dichorionic and monochorionic twins compared with singletons, and to evaluate the relevant causes of stillbirth in each group. A retrospective cohort analysis of all pregnancies ≥22 weeks of gestation was performed at a tertiary care center from January 1995 to June 2011. The ...
Essaoui M - - 2013
Discordant chromosomal anomalies in monozygotic twins may be caused by various timing issues of erroneous mitosis and twinning events. Here, we report a prenatal diagnosis of heterokaryotypic monozygotic twins discordant for phenotype. In a 28-year-old woman, ultrasound examination performed at 26 weeks of gestation, detected intrauterine growth restriction and unilateral ...
Lynn Karen N - - 2013
The objective of this series was to assess sonographic and clinical findings in patients with hyperreactio luteinalis (HL; enlarged ovaries). We retrospectively identified 31 patients with HL and collected data including gestational age, maximum ovarian size, and pregnancy outcomes. Hyperreactio luteinalis was detected at a mean gestational age of 21.6 ...
Turkcapar F - - 2013
Our aim was to investigate whether the maternal serum concentrations of first and second trimester serum analytes are altered in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) pregnancies. The screening tests were compared in a series of 16 serum samples from FMF pregnancies and in a cohort of 48 pregnant women with normal ...
Bodnar Lisa M LM Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA. - - 2013
To assess whether there was an independent association between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations at 24-28 weeks of gestation and preterm birth in a multicenter U.S. cohort of twin pregnancies. Serum samples from women who participated in a clinical trial of 17 α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate for the prevention of preterm birth in ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2013
Abstract Objective: In singleton pregnancies, a uterine anomaly is a known risk factor for preterm birth and fetal growth restriction. Data on outcomes of twin pregnancies with uterine anomalies is limited to case reports. The objective of this study was to compare outcomes in twin pregnancies based on the presence ...
Eixarch Elisenda - - 2013
To evaluate the independent and combined value of gestational age, fetal weight, feto-placental Doppler, and myocardial performance index for the prediction of individual risk of early (≤7 days) intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) after laser therapy in twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). A consecutive series of 215 cases of TTTS treated with ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare pregnancy outcomes in twin pregnancies based on maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI). Methods: Historical cohort study of all twin pregnancies >24 weeks managed by one maternal-fetal medicine practice from 2005-2012. We compared pregnancy outcomes between prepregnancy obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) and normal weight women (BMI ...
Liao Tb - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate fetal venous Doppler in monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies complicated by placental insufficiency and the relationship between fetal venous flow and acidemia at birth or intrauterine fetal death. This was a prospective study of 18 MC twin pregnancies with placental insufficiency. Inclusion criteria ...
Yam Eileen A - - 2013
Female sex workers (FSW) often have unprotected sex. Emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) are an important back-up method to prevent unwanted pregnancy among FSW. We examine ECP use among FSW in Swaziland. Using data from a 2011 respondent-driven sampling survey of 325 Swazi FSW, we explored the association between individual characteristics ...
Amadou A - - 2013
Objective. To report a series of cases of anencephaly in twin pregnancies and assess the prognosis of the normal twin. Patients and methods. Retrospective study covering 4 years, at the CHU Campus in Lomé, assessing the sonographic aspects and management of cases of anencephaly in twin pregnancies. Results. Anencephaly was ...
Girma Sourafel - - 2013
Previous work based on conjectural responses of minors predicted that the 2003 Texas requirement for parental consent for state-funded birth control to minors would lead to a large increase in underage pregnancies. We use state- and county-level data to test this prediction. The latter allow us to compare the impact ...
Johansen Marie Louise - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of first trimester crown-rump length (CRL) discordance in predicting adverse outcome in twin pregnancies. METHODS: This retrospective study included a large cohort retrieved from local ultrasound databases at 14 obstetric departments in Denmark, comprising all twin pregnancies with two live fetuses scanned between 11 and ...
Favre Romain - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the angio-architecture of monochorionic placentas of spontaneous twin anaemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) with placenta of Twin to Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) with residual anastomoses after laser coagulation and placentas of uncomplicated monochorionic twin pregnancies. METHODS: This case-control study compares the angio-architecture of monochorionic placentas of spontaneous TAPS (n = 12) ...
Journée S L - - 2013
Transvaginal ultrasound-guided pregnancy reduction (TUGR) is a procedure described for the management of twins post-fixation in the horse. Success rates are often disappointing but are reported to be more favorable for bilaterally situated twins and when intervention takes place before day 35 of gestation. This study aimed to determine whether ...
Liu Jianghong J School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. - - 2013
This study aims to assess the validity of maternal recall for several perinatal variables 8-10 years after pregnancy in a twin sample. Retrospective information was collected 8-10 years after the delivery event in a cohort of mothers from the University of Southern California Twin Study (N = 611) and compared ...
Kanasugi Tomonobu - - 2013
We report a rare case of a monochorionic twin gestation after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in which one of the fetuses had VACTERL association. A 27-year-old woman became pregnant by ICSI and was found to have monochorionic twin fetuses. One fetus was noted to have the following anomalies: a multicystic, ...
Liu Xi R - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of cervical cerclage on preventing preterm birth in twin pregnancies. We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, Current Controlled Trials, China Biology Medicine (CBM), Chinese National Knowlegde Infrastructure (CNKI) and VIP Chinese Journal database (VIP) from April to August 2012. All available ...
Nabavi Mohammad - - 2013
The cord blood IgE level is thought to be a predictor of allergic disorders in childhood. It is not well understood how this marker is influenced by the fetal environment, such as maternal, paternal, placenta, and fetal characteristics. We aimed to investigate the association between cord blood IgE levels and ...
Ward Morgan A - - 2013
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a complication of multiple gestation in which arteriovenous vascular communications occur in a shared placenta. Due to these communications, there is an imbalance of blood flow between the developing fetuses. This results in 1 twin becoming the donor and the other becoming the recipient. In ...
Akaba Godwin Otuodichinma - - 2013
Studies on twin pregnancy are uniquely important to Africa and particularly Nigeria where the highest incidence in the world exists. This study was designed to determine the trend, rate, and obstetric outcomes of twin deliveries in the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada. This was a retrospective study of twin ...
Kosińska-Kaczyńska Katarzyna - - 2013
To evaluate data regarding neonatal mortality and short term morbidity among iatrogenic late preterm (ILP) and spontaneous late preterm (SLP) twin births, and to estimate whether medical interventions - induction of labor in this particular context, are associated with better or poorer outcomes. Retrospective analysis of 110 late preterm dichorionic ...
Vulić Marko - - 2013
The aim of the study was to compare perinatal outcome of singleton and twin pregnancies conceived after assisted reproductive technologies (ART). This retrospective study included singleton and twin pregnancies conceived after ART in the period from January 1, 2007 until December 31, 2008. The study variables were maternal age (years), ...
Danon David D The University of Queensland, UQ Centre for Clinical Research, Centre for Advanced Prenatal Care, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. - - 2013
To estimate the risk of stillbirth in apparently uncomplicated monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies by systematic review and meta-analysis and compare it with that in uncomplicated dichorionic pregnancies. We performed an electronic search (January 1985 to April 2012) of Medline, PubMed, Embase, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases. Studies detailing gestational-age specific stillbirth rates after ...
Kyono Koichi - - 2013
There is a long-held credo, as illustrated in Langman's Medical Embryology (11th ed., Sadler, 2010), that dichorionic diamniotic (DD) twins develop after embryo splitting in the early stages of embryonic development. However, from our clinical experiences of the examination of data from single-embryo transfers in 16 fertility clinics in Japan ...
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