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Wu Yu Y Department of Ultrasonography, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Wuhan, - - 2014
Conjoined twins (CT) are rare with possible serious malformations in which soft tissue, bone, or some organs are joined in utero. The extent of cardiac fusion and intracardiac anatomy of CT determine the viability, natural history, and outcome of potential surgical intervention. Early prenatal diagnosis and assessment may provide a ...
Suzuki Shunji S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Abstract Objective. We examined the perinatal outcomes of twin deliveries following selective uterine fundal pressure maneuver (UFPM) during the second stage of the first twin delivery. Methods. At our institute, if non-reassuring fetal heart rate and/or maternal exhaustion were observed during the second stage of the first twin, selective UFPM ...
Svirsky R R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel; Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
To evaluate the distribution of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and uterine artery Doppler pulastility index (PI) in first trimester twins with and without pre-eclampsia. 147 twins were recruited from a specialist clinic and 110 unaffected singleton pregnancies attending the same institution served as controls. MAP and Doppler PI values were ...
Puccio Giuseppe - - 2014
Twins, compared to singletons, have an increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity, due mainly to a higher prevalence of preterm birth and low birthweight. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is also common and can affect one or both fetuses. In some cases, however, one twin is much smaller than the ...
Chelliah Anushka M AM Wayne State University, Detroit, - - 2014
The rate of twin delivery has increased by 76% since the 1980s and is associated with risk of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. Research on twin outcomes at term is limited. Our objective was to profile twin term pregnancies at increased risk of NICU admission. The U.S. Natality database ...
Kanter Jessica R JR Emory University, Decatur, - - 2014
Monozygotic twinning, associated with increased infant morbidity and mortality, is more common after assisted reproductive technology (ART) than in the general population. Although multiple factors have been proposed as contributors, studies seeking to define causality have been underpowered or inconclusive. We evaluated trends of monozygotic twinning in ART and its ...
Pettit Kate E KE University of California, San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
Our objective was to characterize gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention in term twin pregnancies by body mass index (BMI) and trimester. Retrospective cohort study including all term twin pregnancies at the University of California, San Diego Medical Center 2009-2013. Adequate gestational weight gain was determined by the 2009 ...
Ngai Ivan I Montefiore Medical Center-Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of twin gestations in women with class III obesity (body mass index [BMI] greater than 40 kg/m) compared with twin gestations in women with a BMI less than 40 kg/m. The records of women with twin gestations were reviewed over ...
Pettit Kate E KE University of California, San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
Our objective was to determine whether inadequate gestational weight gain in the second trimester in twin pregnancies is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth before 32 weeks of gestation. We performed a retrospective cohort study including all viable twin pregnancies delivered at UCSD Medical Center from 2009-2013. Adequate ...
Cruz Meredith M Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
To compare neonate outcomes of twin pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or pregestational diabetes with those of nondiabetic twin pregnancies. U.S. birth cohort period linked birth and infant death data 2006-2009 were used to conduct a retrospective cohort study on 5,454 GDM twins diagnosed by standard definitions. They ...
Lucovnik M M Department of Perinatology, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate associations between first-trimester bleeding and perinatal outcomes.Study design:Registry-based survey of the period 2002 through 2010. Pregnancies with versus without first-trimester bleeding were compared using Student's t- and χ(2)-test. Multivariable logistic regression was used to control for potential confounders.Result:9924 singleton and 275 twin pregnancies with first-trimester bleeding, and 160 099 ...
- - 2014
The incidence of multifetal gestations in the United States has increased dramatically over the past several decades. The rate of twin births increased 76% between 1980 and 2009, from 18.9 to 33.3 per 1,000 births (). The rate of triplet and higher-order multifetal gestations increased more than 400% during the ...
Cho Jae-Hyun JH Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
Type 1 citrullinemia (CTLN1) is an autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by anargininosuccinicnate synthetase deficiency. The patient was a 38-year-old Korean woman who is a carrier for CTLN1 and her first baby was diagnosed with CTLN1. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for CTLN1 in day 3 embryos using polymerase chain ...
Fox Caroline E CE Fetal Medicine Centre, Birmingham Women's Foundation Trust, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Introduction: Cytokine imbalance has been implicated in placental-related pathologies, i.e. recurrent miscarriage and pre-eclampsia. Such conditions are more prevalent in multiple pregnancies. Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is associated with asymmetric placental blood flow and intra-cardiac pressures. We hypothesised that cytokine expression may be aberrant in this condition and that fetoscopic ...
Knopman Jaime M JM Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify the incidence, risk factors, and obstetric/perinatal outcomes associated with monozygotic twins (MZTs) after IVF. Nested case-control. University-based center. The IVF cycles eventuating in pregnancy from 2000-2009. None. The MZT incidence, chorionicity/zygosity, pregnancy/neonatal outcome. Of 6,223 gestations, 131 MZTs were diagnosed (2.1% incidence; 2.0% in autologous and 2.7% in ...
Segal Nancy L NL Department of Psychology, California State University, Fullerton, CA, - - 2014
The Yorùbá of Nigeria are well known for their high twinning rate and the statues they create to commemorate deceased twins. An impressive collection of this artwork was displayed at the University of California's Fowler Museum in Los Angeles between October 13, 2013 and March 2, 2014. An overview of ...
Weber Sarah K SK Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud Str 25, 53105, Bonn, Germany, - - 2014
Prenatal renal vein thrombosis is a rarely described diagnostic finding. The etiology is unclear in the majority of cases, although thrombophilia was found in some affected fetuses. Precise ultrasound scan can improve detection rate of neonatal thrombosis due to characteristic findings. We present the unusual case of a dichorionic twin ...
Osianlis T T Monash IVF, Clayton 3168, - - 2014
Are all twin births following single embryo transfer (SET) monozygotic? Between 1 in 10 and in 1 in 5 twins born after SET are the result of a concurrent natural conception. The twinning rate after SET is higher than following natural conception. Most studies of twins following SET have incorrectly ...
van de Mheen Lidewij L VU Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess in trichorionic triplet pregnancies the effectiveness of elective reduction to twins. Nationwide retrospective cohort study. We compared time to delivery and perinatal mortality in trichorionic triplet pregnancies electively reduced to twins as compared to ongoing trichorionic triplets and primary dichorionic twins. We identified 86 women with reduced trichorionic ...
Chaveeva Petya P Harris Birthright Research Centre of Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, - - 2014
Introduction: The objective of this study was to define the optimal method and timing of intervention in twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence. Material and Methods: During a period of 20 years (1993-2013), we performed endoscopic laser coagulation of umbilical cord vessels or intrafetal laser in 67 pregnancies with TRAP ...
Ko Hyun-Joo - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the perinatal outcomes and clinical factors of unsuccessful trials of labor (TOLs) in late preterm and term twin pregnancies. Methods: We enrolled 896 consecutive twin pregnancies delivered between 1999 and 2012 in a single center, which met the following inclusion criteria: a vertex first twin, live ...
Nakasuji Takashi T Division of Reproductive Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Okura, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan, - - 2014
To assess the incidence of monozygotic twinning (MZT) among cases undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. We performed a retrospective observational study and analyzed the data of patients who were registered in the national ART registry system of Japan from January to December 2010; only the data of patients with ...
Yamashita Akiko - - 2014
Abstract Aims: The association between the planned delivery mode and adverse perinatal outcomes of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies at ≥36 weeks' gestation was evaluated. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included uncomplicated MCDA twin pregnancies delivered after 36 weeks' gestation during a 10-year period. Cases were classified into the trial ...
Fellman Johan J Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, - - 2014
In earlier studies, scientists have attempted to identify genetic and environmental factors affecting the rate of multiple maternities among humans. We contribute to these studies by analysing the frequencies of multiple maternities in sibships containing triplets. Use of the Hellin transformation is included in evaluation of the triplet rate. Our ...
Lee Hye Jin HJ Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-769, South Korea, - - 2014
Monochorionic (MC) pregnancy in humans is usually considered to be associated only with monozygotic twinning. However, several reports have revealed that dizygotic (DZ) twins can also share a chorion during pregnancy. A chimera is defined as an organism that contains different cells derived from two or more distinct zygotes. As ...
González González Nieves L NL Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Tenerife, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the impact of twin versus singleton pregnancy on obstetric and perinatal outcomes among women with pregestational diabetes mellitus (DM). Multicenter retrospective cohort study of women with pregestational DM and twin or singleton pregnancy, conducted in Spain during 2005-2010. Each group included 63 women (type 1 DM, n=39; type ...
Kim Mi-La ML Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, CHA University, Seoul, - - 2014
Heterotopic cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) usually follows assisted reproductive technologies (ART) in women who have already delivered by cesarean section. It is extremely rare: thus far, there have been only 12 individual case reports. However, over the last 20 years, the rate of cesarean delivery has increased and ART have become ...
Kobylarz Krzysztof K Chair of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, University Children Hospital, Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland. - - 2014
This paper presents a history of the treatment of conjoined twins. The first mention of this malformation comes from the Neolithic period. Conjoined twins were depicted in mythologies of ancient peoples. The present paper focuses on the theories of formation of Siamese twins and attempts at their separation. Moreover, the ...
Lecointre L L Fetal Medicine, CMCO-HUS, 19 Rue Louis Pasteur, 67300, Schiltigheim/Strasbourg, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare laser data, complications and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies that undergo "early" (≤ 17 weeks' gestation) fetoscopic laser ablation of placental vascular anastomoses for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) with "conventional" cases treated after 17 weeks' gestation (WG). This is a cohort study on ...
Murray S R SR Simpson Centre for Reproductive Health, Royal Infirmary Edinburgh, 47 Little France Crescent, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The association between assisted reproduction technologies (ART) and multiple pregnancy is well-established, with a multiple birth rate of 24% in ART pregnancies. Multiple pregnancy is associated with significantly increased maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, as well as increased costs to the National Health Service. Evidence relating to the obstetric ...
Holness Nola N College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, - - 2014
Adolescent pregnancy is an international dilemma affecting not just the adolescent and her infant, but entire societies. Of almost 300 million female adolescents worldwide, 16 million give birth yearly, accounting for 11% of all births worldwide. The Millennium Development Goal # 5 incorporates reducing adolescent births worldwide. The purpose of ...
Vanderbilt Douglas L DL Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine risk factors for poor cognitive performance among children treated with in utero selective laser photocoagulation of communicating vessels for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). This was a prospectively enrolled cohort study. Cognitive performance at age 2 years (±6 weeks) was assessed via Battelle Developmental Inventory 2(nd) Edition (BDI-2). Multilevel ...
Maric Tanya - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the relation between first-trimester fetal growth discrepancy, as assessed by crown-rump length (CRL) at 11+0 to 13+6 weeks of gestation, and subsequent development of preeclampsia (PE) in dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) twin pregnancies. The association between inter-twin CRL and birth weight (BW) discrepancy was also investigated. Methods: ...
Savio Francesca F Policlinico Abano Terme, Division of Perinatal Medicine. Piazza Colombo 1- 35031 Abano Terme, - - 2014
Abstract OBJECTIVE. To investigate unconscious dynamics in women pregnant with twins, using Lüscher's color test to objectively measure subjective color preferences, and compare them with women with singleton pregnancies. METHODS. The color test was administered to 50 Italian women with twin pregnancies and 100 women with singleton pregnancies. RESULTS. Both ...
Argoti Pedro S PS Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, UT Health -School of Medicine at Houston, The Texas Fetal Center, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, - - 2014
To compare the outcomes of dichorionic triamniotic (DCTA) triplet gestations with the outcomes of a paired cohort of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin gestations undergoing laser therapy for treatment of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). All DCTA triplets treated at 4 referral centers were included. A matched cohort group of MCDA twin ...
Levêque Christine C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Paule de Viguier CHU - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine whether cervical shortening between 22 and 27 weeks predicts spontaneous preterm delivery before 34 weeks better than a single cervical length (CL) measurement at 22 or 27 weeks in asymptomatic twins. Methods: Prospective 13-center study over a 2-year-period. CL was measured in 120 asymptomatic twin pregnancies. ...
Lau May M Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; Children's Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify factors associated with a positive pregnancy attitude among sexually active US teen females. Secondary database analysis of the National Survey of Family Growth. Adolescent females 15-19 years old. Nationally representative sample. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were performed of the 2002 and 2006-08 cycles to examine whether sociodemographic factors, ...
Ben-Ami Ido I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel; Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
To compare the associations of CRL discrepancy with birthweight discordance in spontaneous versus IVF conceived dichorionic twin pregnancies. A computerized retrospective study of women referred to our ultrasonographic unit for NT examination between January 1997 and December 2011. The study group was subdivided into twins conceived after IVF, non-IVF fertility ...
Vlková Barbora B Institute of Molecular Biomedicine, Comenius University, Bratislava, - - 2014
Detection of fetal sex based on fetal DNA present in maternal plasma is already in clinical use. Here we present a case of false positivity during the first trimester which may be attributable to a vanishing twin. The presence of Y-chromosome-specific sequences is used as a marker to indicate a ...
Masheer Shazia S Section of Fetal and Maternal Medicine and Neonatal Health, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the perinatal outcome in twin pregnancies according to chorionicity. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of twin pregnancies from January 2001 to December 2012. Maternal and perinatal outcomes of monochorionic (MC) and dichorionic (DC) twins were compared by using chi-square and t-test. Perinatal complications were ...
Al-Obaidly S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Objective:The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of maternal pre-gravid and/or first trimester overweight and obesity, and the adverse obstetrics outcome in twin pregnancies.Study design:This is a retrospective study of women who delivered viable twins after 23 weeks of gestation with available prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) ...
Fox Nathan S NS From Maternal Fetal Medicine Associates, PLLC, and the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To estimate the association between maternal weight gain and spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in twin pregnancies. Methods: A case-control study of patients with twin pregnancies and a normal prepregnancy BMI (18.5 - 24.9 kg/m(2)) in one maternal-fetal medicine practice from 2005-2013. We reviewed maternal weight in 6 time ...
Tavares Mariana Vide MV Obstetric Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, - - 2014
Abstract Body stalk anomaly is a rare malformation. This anomaly in monozygotic twins is extremely unusual. We describe a case of monoamniotic pregnancy discordant for body stalk anomaly diagnosed at 11 weeks. Ultrasound showed a fetus with a large anterior abdominal wall defect, anomaly of the spine and no evidence ...
Segal Nancy L NL Department of Psychology, California State University, Fullerton, CA, - - 2014
A reunion of 38-year-old female monozygotic twins took place in Daegu, South Korea, on January 14, 2014. Scientific and personal perspectives on this extraordinary event are provided. A review of timely twin research follows, covering the effects of multiple births on IQ and body size, lifestyle and physical fitness associations, ...
Peeters Suzanne H P SH Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
To analyze perinatal outcome in monoamniotic (MA) pregnancies that underwent antenatal surgical interventions for fetal complications. Review of all MA pregnancies treated with antenatal surgical interventions in 3 Fetal Treatment Centers between 2000 and 2013. Indications were twin-twin transfusion syndrome, twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence, discordant anomalies or elective reduction. ...
Burgess Jennifer L JL Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charleston, - - 2014
To determine the prospective risk of IUFD ≥34 weeks' gestation for monochorionic (MC) and dichorionic (DC) twins receiving intensive antenatal fetal surveillance. The secondary objective is to calculate the incidence of prematurity-related neonatal morbidity/mortality, stratified by gestational week and chorionicity. A retrospective cohort study of all twins ≥34 weeks delivered ...
Sekhon Lucky H LH Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New - - 2014
To estimate the effect of oocyte donation on pregnancy outcomes in patients with twin pregnancies conceived via IVF. Retrospective cohort study. Patients with IVF twin pregnancies delivered by one maternal-fetal medicine practice from 2005 to 2013. Fifty-six patients with IVF twin pregnancies who had oocyte donation and 56 age-matched controls with ...
Chitrit Yvon Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Robert Debré Hospital-AP-HP, Paris, - - 2014
Objective Describe a case of cloaca prenatally diagnosed in one of a set of monoamniotic twins. Study Design Retrospective review of a case. Results Cloaca is one of the most complex and severe degrees of anorectal malformations in girls. We present a discordant cloaca in monoamniotic twins. Fetal ultrasound showed a female fetus ...
Ganchimeg T T Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, - - 2014
To describe the mode and timing of delivery of twin pregnancies at ≥34 weeks of gestation and their association with perinatal outcomes. Secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study. Twin deliveries at ≥34 weeks of gestation from 21 low- and middle-income countries participating in the WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health. ...
Cho Inji I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
Thanatophoric dysplasia (TD) is caused by mutation of the gene that encodes fibroblast growth factor 3 (FGFR3). Owing to the poor prognosis for TD, prenatal diagnosis is critical to optimal perinatal management. We report here a case of TD in twin pregnancy, which was prenatally diagnosed by DNA analysis following ...
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