Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1317
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Dickens Bernard M - - 2008
Multiple pregnancy is increasingly considered a complication of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and ovarian stimulation for natural fertilization. Harms to fetuses, newborn and older children, mothers, families, and healthcare systems are encouraging single embryo transfer. When patients knowingly accept multiple pregnancy risks from IVF or ovarian stimulation, they are unlikely ...
Zamah A Musa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report two cases of early onset cholestasis of pregnancy associated with IVF and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-based IVF program. PATIENT(S): Two patients with first-trimester cholestasis of pregnancy after IVF that was associated with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. INTERVENTION(S): In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer, management of hyperstimulation ...
Yoshida Shozo - - 2008
The detection of an ovarian mass during pregnancy is often a diagnostic challenge. We describe 2 cases of ovarian endometrioma during pregnancy with marked mural nodules on the cyst wall. The sonographic and MR imaging findings mimicked ovarian cancer. Surgical intervention may still be inevitable to exclude the possibility of ...
Yániz J - - 2008
In the dairy industry worldwide, reproductive disorders are a major cause of economic losses and a challenge to scientists and technicians. In recent decades, declining fertility and increasing milk production have been widely reported in dairy cattle. In this article, the relationships between milk production, ovarian disorders and fertility in ...
Herzog Daniel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A rise in intraocular pressure (IOP) in upgaze is regarded as a diagnostic sign in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). However, the question of erroneous IOP measurement due to applanation carried out on the peripheral cornea has never been addressed. METHODS: In 22 healthy volunteers, as well as in 51 GO ...
Gordts Stephan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of transvaginal endoscopic ovarian capsule drilling. DESIGN: Retrospective efficacy study. SETTING: Private tertiary care center. PATIENT(S): Thirty-nine PCOS patients with previously failed ovulation induction; mean duration of infertility 26.5 months (SD +/-2.6); mean age 30.38 years (SD +/-3.8); mean body mass index of 29.4 (SD ...
Haddad Ghassan F - - 2008
Prior to 2007, use of the insulin sensitizer metformin was widely advocated in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) both to promote ovulation and decrease the incidence of PCOS-associated obstetrical complications. However, the gastrointestinal disturbances associated with metformin led many to discontinue its use. Rosiglitazone is an insulin sensitizer that, ...
Tsoumpou Ioanna - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of surgical treatment of endometrioma on pregnancy rate and ovarian response to gonadotrophin stimulation in women undergoing IVF. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for reproductive medicine. PATIENT(S): Subfertile women with endometrioma undergoing IVF. INTERVENTION(S): Surgical removal of endometrioma or expectant ...
Anderson R A RA The Queen's Medical Research Institute, Centre for Reproductive Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2008
Female fertility preservation provides significantly different challenges to that for the male, with the only established method being cryopreservation of embryos thus necessitating the involvement of a male. Other, experimental, options include oocyte or ovarian tissue cryopreservation. The latter has been regarded as a potential method for more than a ...
Hasiakos Dimitris - - 2008
Adnexal torsion is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain during pregnancy. It is frequently associated with ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF) or with ovarian masses, mainly of functional origin. The clinical, laboratory and imaging findings are non-specific. The authors present four cases with adnexal torsion diagnosed during ...
Balci Osman - - 2008
AIM: To demonstrate adnexal masses detected during gestations in a 6-year period. METHODS: A retrospective study of pregnancy with adnexal masses requiring surgery over a 6-year period at the Selcuk University Hospital, a tertiary referral center, between June 2000 and June 2006. RESULTS: We detected 36 pregnancies with adnexal masses. ...
Bidet Maud - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize our current knowledge about the predictability of intermittent ovarian function and the response to ovulation induction agents in patients with premature ovarian failure. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to clinical, histological or ultrasonographic features, a new biological marker anti-Müllerian hormone, was evaluated as a marker for ...
Vallerie Amy M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hormone changes are thought to influence the etiology and disease process of peritoneal inclusion cysts. The effects of fertility and pregnancy on preexisting cysts are unknown. CASE: A 29-year-old woman with recurrent peritoneal inclusion cyst and primary infertility conceived spontaneously after hysterosalpingogram. She presented in the first trimester with ...
Telischak Nicholas A - - 2008
The objective of this article is to provide a practical review of the incremental benefit of MRI in the assessment of adnexal masses in pregnancy. MRI can assist sonographic assessment of adnexal masses in pregnancy by depicting the characteristic findings of exophytic leiomyoma, red degeneration of leiomyoma, endometrioma, decidualized endometrioma, ...
Andersen Claus Yding - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of the ovarian cortex with subsequent autotransplantation has, on an experimental basis, been performed to preserve fertility in women being treated for a malignant disease. The present study reports ovarian activity and pregnancies following autotransplantation of frozen/thawed ovarian tissue. METHODS: One complete ovary was cryopreserved from each of ...
Bertini Roberto - - 2008
A 40-year-old woman in the twenty-fifth week of pregnancy presented with a gross retroperitoneal mass. At the end of the pregnancy, the patient was submitted to surgery, and the gross infiltration of the inferior vena cava wall required the resection of the vena cava with its prosthetic substitution. The histopathological ...
Kara┼čahin K Emre - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the follow-up and management of fetal ovarian cysts (FOCs) and review the current literature. CASE REPORT: A 26-year-old, gravida 2, para 0, abortus 1, Rh-negative patient was diagnosed with bilateral FOCs during ultrasound examination at 32 weeks gestation. Fetal nuchal translucency measured at 12 weeks gestation was ...
Younis Johnny S - - 2008
This study was undertaken in order to gain insight into the morphology of the first polar body (PB1) and the two pronuclei (2PN) in ICSI patients, specifically the nucleolar precursor bodies (NPB). Whether early abnormalities in these structures are related to the ovarian reserve of infertile women was also studied. ...
Ustunsoz Bahri - - 2008
PURPOSE: To present the long-term results of percutaneous treatment of hepatic hydatid cyst in pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six pregnant patients (age range 19-28 years; mean age 23 years) with six hepatic hydatid cysts underwent percutaneous treatment without albendazole prophylaxis. Puncture, aspiration, injection and reaspiration (PAIR technique) were used to ...
Qublan Hussein - - 2008
A 32-year-old nulligravida woman underwent in vitro fertilization treatment because of 6 years of unexplained infertility. On the day of ovum pick-up, no eggs were retrieved and the patient was diagnosed to have empty follicle syndrome. Six weeks later, she presented with left lower abdominal pain and mild vaginal bleeding. ...
Juan Yin-Chen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of ovarian ectopic pregnancy successfully treated with laparoscopy-assisted local injection of etoposide. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): A 33-year-old woman with the diagnosis of an ovarian pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopically assisted local injection of etoposide. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Successful treatment of the ovarian ...
Qublan Hussein S - - 2009
This report is to illustrate two cases of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome following the sole administration of injectable mid-luteal gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (triptorelin) for pituitary down-regulation. Both women underwent egg retrieval, and despite the transfer of good quality embryos, no pregnancy was achieved. The possible mechanism and management of the condition ...
Dougherty Coventry O - - 2008
American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) reproduction is seasonal. While photoperiod alters reproductive physiology and behavior in nesting adults, whether seasonal photoperiod changes alter ovarian activity in nonnesting adult and immature birds was not known. Ovarian follicular composition was examined in immature and nonnesting adult crows. Birds were divided into groups reflecting ...
Thanaboonyawat Isarin - - 2008
Pregnancy complicated by endodermal sinus tumor of the ovary is extremely rare. The authors present a case report of a pregnant woman with persistent left adnexal mass and subsequently found to have a primary endodermal sinus tumor of the ovary that was diagnosed at 19 weeks of gestation. After left ...
Gubbels Cynthia S - - 2008
Despite the high prevalence of premature ovarian failure (POF) and subsequent infertility in galactosemic women, spontaneous pregnancies occur and may not be as rare as is generally assumed. This is important for counseling these women on fertility. The purpose of this review is to assess the occurrence and predicting factors ...
Somigliana Edgardo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The influence of previous conservative surgery for endometriomas on IVF-ICSI outcome is debated. Conflicting information emerging from the literature may be consequent to the fact that endometriomas are mostly monolateral. The contralateral intact ovary may adequately supply for the reduced function of the affected one. To clarify this point, ...
Fowler Paul A PA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Medical Sciences, CLSM, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK. - - 2008
Epidemiological studies of the impact of environmental chemicals on reproductive health demonstrate consequences of exposure but establishing causative links requires animal models using 'real life' in utero exposures. We aimed to determine whether prolonged, low-dose, exposure of pregnant sheep to a mixture of environmental chemicals affects fetal ovarian development. Exposure ...
Plotti Francesco - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of bilateral ovarian pregnancy in a young patient who had previously undergone intrauterine insemination (IUI) and controlled ovarian stimulation (COS). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 34-year-old woman who had previously undergone IUI and COS. INTERVENTION(S): Emergency exploratory laparotomy for circulatory collapse. About ...
Weitzman Vanessa N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of adnexal torsion after in vitro fertilization (IVF) with two subsequent episodes of contralateral adnexal torsion and a novel approach for reducing the risk of recurrence. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-based IVF program. PATIENT(S): A 32-year-old woman who conceived with IVF and experienced sequential bilateral ...
Källén Bengt - - 2008
Pregnancies following in-vitro fertilization (IVF) are known to be at increased risk of a number of pregnancy- and delivery-related complications when compared with non-IVF pregnancies. Most of these complications seem to be due to underlying fertility problems. Ovarian stimulation carries a marked risk for two serious conditions - ovarian torsion ...
Tinelli Andrea - - 2008
Ovarian pregnancy (OP) comprises 0.15% of all pregnancies and 1% to 3% of ectopic gestations. Two cases of OP detected and treated during laparoscopy for suspected ectopic pregnancy are described. We used clinical examination, serum beta-hCG levels, and transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) preoperatively to confirm the suspected diagnosis of extrauterine pregnancy. ...
Badawy Ahmed - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of ovarian needle drilling using transvaginal ultrasound guidance as an alternative to the traditional laparoscopic electrosurgical drilling for patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SETTING: University teaching hospital and private practice setting. PATIENT(S): The study comprised 163 patients with clomiphene-resistant ...
Sentilhes Loïc - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the fertility and pregnancy outcomes following uterine devascularization for postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: All patients who required uterine devascularization, i.e. bilateral uterine artery ligation (Group A), and either bilateral utero-ovarian ligament (Group B) or suspensory ligament of ovary ligation (Group C) in cases of persistent haemorrhage, for ...
Menon Rukmini - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many women who suffer from migraine and tension-type headaches (TTHs) have an improvement in the frequency of these headaches during pregnancy. At the same time pregnancy predisposes women to a number of potentially life-threatening conditions which can present with headache. Accurate diagnosis and treatment of headache during pregnancy is ...
Verhagen T E M - - 2008
BACKGROUND To review the accuracy of multivariate models for the prediction of ovarian reserve and pregnancy in women undergoing IVF compared with the antral follicle count (AFC) as single test. METHODS We performed a computerized MEDLINE and EMBASE search to identify articles published on multivariate models for ovarian reserve testing ...
Edwards-Silva Racine N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a rare occurrence in pregnancy. This is a case of pregnancy with spontaneous ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, uncontrolled hypothyroidism, elevated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), deep vein thrombosis, and Rh isoimmunization. CASE: An African-American woman in her mid-30s, gravida 3 para 0, with hypothyroidism presented with ...
Chikura B - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a prospective study to determine which digits are affected (and whether the thumb is spared or not) in a cohort of patients with RP as assessed by symptoms and thermography and to determine whether the degree of thumb involvement differs between primary (PRP) and secondary Raynaud's phenomenon ...
Nader S - - 2008
Management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) usually spans a woman's reproductive years. While treatment of androgenic symptoms is often a primary concern, periodically, the regimen has to be modified because of a desire for pregnancy. As these women are usually anovulatory, ovulation induction is generally required. The premise on which ...
Mallolas Josep J Infectious Diseases Service, Hospital Clínic IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2008
Induction-maintenance strategies were associated with a low response rate. We compared the virological response with two different induction regimens with trizivir plus efavirenz or lopinavir/ritonavir. A randomized, multicentre, open-label clinical trial with 209 antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected patients assigned to trizivir plus either efavirenz or lopinavir/ritonavir during 24-36 weeks. Patients reaching undetectable ...
Jayaprakasan Kannamannadiar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the intercycle variability of antral follicle counts (AFCs) and ovarian volume, as measured by using three-dimensional ultrasound, and to compare these to the variation in basal FSH levels. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-based assisted conception unit. PATIENT(S): One hundred women undergoing two cycles of assisted reproductive technology. ...
Tsikouras P - - 2008
Dermoid cysts are the most common germ cell tumors of the ovary in women of reproductive age. We report 67 cases of patients with dermoid cysts (mean age, 31.31 years) originating from the ovary treated from 1994 to 2006 at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Aschaffenburg Hospital-Clinic in Germany. ...
Chen Y X - - 2008
Nongestational ovarian choriocarcinomas are extremely rare and pose diagnostic challenges in reproductive-aged patients because of elevated human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). A 23-year-old nulliparous Chinese woman with nongestational ovarian choriocarcinoma escaped diagnostic testing and was initially treated for an ectopic pregnancy. Three months after her first visit, a diagnostic laparoscopy demonstrated ...
Naghshvar F - - 2008
A case report of ovarian pregnancy is presented. A 38 year old woman, gravida 3 para 2, was admitted to the hospital for suspected ectopic pregnancy, with vaginal bleeding at 12 weeks after her last menstrual period, associated with pelvic pain. An ultra-sonography led to the diagnosis of ovarian right ...
Machida Shizuo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intracystic papillary excrescence is a characteristic morphological feature of ovarian malignancy. A few recent reports have demonstrated that ovarian endometriotic cysts, undergoing decidualization during pregnancy, occasionally show excrescence, necessitating surgery during pregnancy; however, this phenomenon is not well recognized among clinicians. CASES: Three pregnant women with decidualized ovarian endometriosis ...
Riazi-Esfahani Mohammad - - 2008
To compare the frequency and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among singleton and multiple-birth neonates referred to Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran- Iran. In this retrospective study, records of 99 consecutive neonates from multiplegestation pregnancies including 68 twins, 26 triplets and 5 quadruplets who were screened for ROP from 2002 ...
Poujade O - - 2008
We report the case of a malignant immature teratoma diagnosed at 21 weeks of amenorrhea in a 36-year-old healthy woman. Ultrasound examination showed a multilocular cystic mass of 175 mm in diameter, situated on the left side of the uterus. A left ovariectomy was performed by laparotomy at 22 weeks ...
Maiti Sachchidananda - - 2008
This case illustrates the unusual complication of granulomatous peritonitis following rupture of a dermoid cyst in pregnancy resembling disseminated ovarian carcinoma. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of this complication during advanced pregnancy in the literature. A dermoid cyst ruptured during surgical removal in ...
Sa Narvekar - - 2008
Ovarian pregnancy after in-vitro fertilization is rare and can be easily missed unless there is a high index of suspicion. Here we present such a case which was missed initially but was later successfully managed laparoscopically.
Zhen X M - - 2008
To explore the prevalence, predictor of clinical pregnancy and possible aetiology of poor ovarian response (POR) in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in Chinese. A total of 4,600 retrieval oocyte cycles were finished between July 1, 2004 and April 30, 2006. Poor ovarian responses were observed in 426 patients of ...
Verberg, M.F.G.
Over the last 25 years, ovarian stimulation for IVF treatment has gradually become more complex, time consuming and expensive. Recently, the downsides of ovarian stimulation have attracted increasing attention. Currently, a shift in the focus of IVF is occurring from striving for maximizing instant success 'at all costs' to developing ...
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