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Fábregues Francisco - - 2012
BACKGROUNDRecent evidence supports a specific and broad role of androgen produced by theca cells in reproductive physiology. This pilot study evaluated the usefulness of hCG theca stimulation test in predicting ovarian response and pregnancy.METHODSProspective cohort study including 80 infertile women treated with IVF/ICSI. On Day 3 of the menstrual cycle ...
Zhou Yue-Di - - 2012
There are few reports of multiple ovarian cysts secondary to hypothyroidism, and multiple ovarian cysts associated with pregnancy most commonly occur in association with assisted reproductive technologies. Herein, we report a case of a naturally conceived pregnancy occurring 2 years after stopping treatment for primary hypothyroidism. The patient developed multiple ...
Chen Yongchang - - 2012
Much effort has been focused on improving assisted reproductive technology procedures in humans and nonhuman primates (NHPs). However, the pregnancy rate after embryo transfer (ET) has not been satisfactory, indicating that some barriers still need to be overcome in this important procedure. One of the key factors is embryo–uterine synchronicity, ...
Mahmoud Youssef Mohamed Abdelfattah - - 2012
To evaluate the role of corifollitropin alfa, a newly developed weekly administrated long-acting recombinant FSH (rFSH), as an alternative for daily rFSH administration in women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation in GnRH antagonist down-regulated in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment cycles. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. ...
Vom Saal Frederick S FS Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, - - 2012
There is increasing experimental and epidemiological evidence that fetal programming of genetic systems is a contributing factor in the recent increase in adult obesity and other components of metabolic syndrome. In particular, there is evidence that epigenetic changes associated with the use of manmade chemicals may interact with other factors ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2012
Low-intensity IVF (LI-IVF) is rapidly gaining in popularity. Yet studies comparing LI-IVF to standard IVF are lacking. This is a case-control pilot study, reporting on 14 first LI-IVF and 14 standard IVF cycles in women with normal age-specific ovarian reserve under age 38, matched for age, laboratory environment, staff and ...
Aziz M - - 2012
Objectives: The primary objective of this multicenter study is to evaluate the relative impact of insulin resistance (IR) and body mass index (BMI) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on (1) Key hemodynamic/thrombogenic variables, (2) Oocyte quality and early embryo development, (3) Fetal growth, placental function and adverse obstetric ...
Wu K-N - - 2012
The successful outcome of a pregnancy in a woman who had received reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for chronic myeloid leukaemia is reported; publications on recovery of ovarian function and pregnancy following myeloablative conditioning (MAC) or RIC allo-HSCT for haematological disorders are reviewed. Research suggests that ...
Shetty B Prasanna - - 2012
Meckel-Gruber syndrome is a rare lethal autosomal recessive condition which was first described by Johann Friedrich Meckel in 18221 and GB Gruber in 1934.2 More than 200 cases have been reported worldwide with an incidence ranging from 1:13,250 to 1:140,000 live births.3 A 21-year-old female with G3 A2 L0, presented ...
Sugaya S - - 2012
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disease in which an ovulation disorder is the main cause of infertility. Clomifene citrate (CC) is the treatment of first choice for ovulation induction in PCOS. If ovulation cannot be induced by CC, then either laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) or gonadotropin therapy is selected ...
Ahsan Akhtar Muhammad - - 2012
A 36-year-old woman was referred by general practitioner to the early pregnancy unit with pelvic pain in her seventh week of pregnancy. She had a transvaginal ultrasound. Unruptured live twin tubal ectopic pregnancy was diagnosed on. Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed an unruptured left interstitial ectopic pregnancy. The interstitial tubal pregnancy was ...
Carnide Cátia - - 2012
Perinatal morbidity and mortality rates for vasa previa are high when it is not diagnosed antenatally. In this report, a case of vasa previa in a twin pregnancy was diagnosed postnatally, which leads to complications with the first twin. Serial ultrasound during pregnancy did not diagnose a bilobed placenta, a ...
Van McCrary S - - 2012
We present the case of a 36-year-old woman who has experienced three lost pregnancies; during the most recent loss, a full term pregnancy, she almost died from complications of placental abruption. She is now completing the 34th week of gestation and is experiencing symptoms similar to those under which she ...
Munir Shamila Ijaz - - 2012
Spontaneous rupture of utero-ovarian vessels in pregnancy is rare and usually involves utero-ovarian veins. Presenting symptoms include acute-onset abdominal pain and maternal hypovolemic shock secondary to haemoperitoneum. Although this condition had been documented over a century ago, an accurate diagnosis is rarely reached prior to laparotomy due to a multitude ...
Asaranti Kar - - 2012
Thoracoomphalopagus is the commonest type of conjoined twin where the bodies are fused from upper chest to lower chest. The autopsy done can help counsil the parents for further pregnancies and determine the prognosis depending upon the type of cardiac anomaly by Seo classification when detected antenatally. We describe the ...
de Haseth S B - - 2012
Monochorionic twin pregnancies are at increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity due to twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR), and higher incidence of congenital heart malformations. The incidence of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) in recipients with TTTS is known to be higher than in ...
Weissmann-Brenner Alina - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To examine the correlation between measurements of crown rump length (CRL), nuchal translucency (NT), and birth weight in dichorionic (DC) and monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on all twin term pregnancies delivered between 2001 and 2007 at the McGill University Health Center. Data ...
Check J H - - 2012
To compare pregnancy rates following fresh vs frozen embryo transfer into gestational carriers. Choice of deferring fresh embryo transfer and cryopreserving the embryos vs fresh transfers was not randomized but based on circumstances. The cryopreservation protocol used a simplified slow cool technique avoiding the planar programmable freezer and using a ...
Rozenholc Alexandre - - 2012
A 24-year-old patient with 7-week amenorrhoea consulted for vaginal bleeding without abdominal pain. Ultrasonography revealed a 7 × 4&emsp14;cm solid right pelvic mass. There was no visible intrauterine gestational sac. The serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) level was 11&emsp14;998&emsp14;IU/l. Emergency laparoscopy was performed for a presumptive diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. At laparoscopy, ...
Dhorepatil Bharti - - 2012
Although the incidence of ectopic pregnancy is on the rise, ovarian pregnancy after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer is a rare entity. Here, we report a case of unruptured ovarian pregnancy following in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection, which was treated by conservative laparoscopic surgery.
Aljawoan Fatimah Y - - 2012
To determine why a subgroup of coasted patients developed moderate/severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in an assisted reproduction setting. Retrospective study of 2948 in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment cycles with 327 patients requiring coasting. Long protocol gonadotrophin releasing hormone analogue (GnRH-a) regimen was used and serum estradiol (E(2)) checked ...
Farquhar Cindy - - 2012
Surgical ovarian wedge resection was the first established treatment for women with anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) but was largely abandoned both due to the risk of postsurgical adhesions and the introduction of medical ovulation induction. However, women with PCOS who are treated with medical ovulation induction, with drugs such ...
Bjerregaard-Andersen Morten - - 2012
Despite twinning being common in Africa, few prospective twin studies have been conducted. We studied twinning rate, perinatal mortality and the clinical characteristics of newborn twins in urban Guinea-Bissau. The study was conducted at the Bandim Health Project (BHP), a health and demographic surveillance site in Bissau, the capital of ...
Zheng Xiaoying - - 2012
The effect of hCG priming on oocyte maturation and subsequently outcome in IVM cycles has remained a debated issue. A randomized controlled study was performed to investigate whether or not hCG priming prior to oocyte aspiration can improve the developmental competence of immature oocytes from unstimulated ovaries in women with ...
Chadha Rati R Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Foothills Medical Center, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N - - 2012
Spontaneous septostomy in a monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy is a rare phenomenon. We present a case of monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy with an intact dividing membrane seen in the 1st half of the pregnancy. At 26 weeks, when she was assessed for preterm contractions, the dividing membrane was not documented, ...
Osazuwa Henry H Maternity Unit, Nisa Premier Hospital, Plot 115-117, Alex Ekwueme Street, P.O. Box 7320, Jabi, Abuja 900001, - - 2012
Bicornuate and septate uteri are among the commonest Mullerian anomalies. They are sporadic and fairly distinguished, but hybrid deformities can occur. This combination creates aetiological and clinical difficulties. The alternative theory of concurrent fusion and septal resorption of the Mullerian duct is seen as the basis of the altered foetal ...
Tal Reshef R Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Maimonides Medical Center, No. 1355, 84th Street, Brooklyn, NY 11219, - - 2012
Background. Assisted reproductive technology has been linked to the increased incidence of monozygotic twinning. It is of clinical importance due to the increased risk of complications in multiple pregnancies in general and in monozygotic twins in particular. Case. A 29-year-old female, nulligravida underwent her first IVF cycle. Three poor-quality cleavage ...
Ramachandran Amar A Department of OBG, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 576104, - - 2012
Ovarian pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy following ICSI-ET, and the diagnosis depends on the physicians suspicion and experience. Preservation of ovarian tissue during surgery is of utmost importance to preserve fertility. We present a case of ovarian pregnancy who had a successful treatment preserving the ovary.
Aguilera Marijo M Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2012
A twin pregnancy with a complete hydatidiform mole and a coexisting normal fetus (CHMF) is a rare clinical scenario, and it carries many associated pregnancy and postnatal risks. Limited numbers of case studies exist reporting an outcome of live birth, and only three prior cases report the presentation of a ...
Igras Emma T ET Senior Clinical Academic Fellow in Oncology, Cancer Care Services, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Butterfield Street, Herston, QLD 4029, - - 2012
► Twin pregnancy ► GIST tumour ► Multidisciplinary team.
Lewis Sarah J SJ School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Observational studies have generated conflicting evidence on the effects of moderate maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy on offspring cognition mainly reflecting problems of confounding. Among mothers who drink during pregnancy fetal alcohol exposure is influenced not only by mother's intake but also by genetic variants carried by both the mother ...
Rai Lavanya L Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, - - 2012
Familial recurrent hydatidiform mole is a rare event; here we report an unusual case of a gravida 5 aged 29 years, with five recurrent hydatidiform moles and no normal pregnancy. After the fourth molar pregnancy, she developed persistent trophoblastic disease that required 7 cycles of single agent chemotherapy. Two years ...
Taşcı Yasemin Y Ministry of Health, Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Women's Health Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2012
Dichorionic twin pregnancy discordant for fetal anencephaly is a serious condition that threatens the normal co-twin's life by causing polyhydramniosis, preterm labor and sudden death of one or both of the fetuses. We report a case of dichorionic twin pregnancy discordant for fetal anencephaly delivered at the 32(nd) week of ...
Dorairajan Gowri G Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2012
Conjoined twins are a very rare entity. It is associated with poor survival rate in the presence of vital organ sharing. The entity can be diagnosed as early as the first trimester. A conjoined twin diagnosed late in labor is a malady with high perinatal mortality and maternal morbidity. We ...
Baljic Rusmir R Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo , Sarajevo, Bosnia and - - 2012
none declared. Chickenpox is disease caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV), with possibly devastated consequences during pregnancy, for mother and neonate. Pneumonia is most common complication in pregnancy with very high mortality. A 39-year-old female in third trimester twin pregnancy, referred to Clinic for infectious diseases in Sarajevo, with five days ...
Dobashi Mamiko - - 2012
The objective of this study was to ascertain the evidence on ovarian cancer during pregnancy and compile recommendations derived from this information. This was a retrospective study, based on clinical histories from patients diagnosed and treated at 4 independent hospitals for ovarian cancer during pregnancy, between 1992 and 2009. The ...
Mangos George J - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Women with a history of preeclampsia or gestational hypertension have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Underlying cardiovascular risk factors, persistent endothelial dysfunction or sympathetic overactivity may contribute to this risk. We studied markers of cardiovascular disease risk in nonpregnant women with a history of hypertension in pregnancy. METHODS:: ...
George Eric M - - 2012
One of the most prevalent complications of pregnancy is preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder which is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and premature birth with no effective pharmacological intervention. While the underlying cause is unclear, it is believed that placental ischemia/hypoxia induces the release of factors into the ...
Gallo Linda A - - 2012
Intrauterine growth restriction caused by uteroplacental insufficiency increases risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease in offspring. Cardio-renal and metabolic responses to pregnancy are critical determinants of immediate and long-term maternal health. However, no studies to date have investigated the renal and metabolic adaptations in growth restricted offspring when they in ...
Ballas Jerasimos - - 2011
The link between diabetes and poor pregnancy outcomes is well established. As in the non-pregnant population, pregnant women with diabetes can experience profound effects on multiple maternal organ systems. In the fetus, morbidities arising from exposure to diabetes in utero include not only increased congenital anomalies, fetal overgrowth, and stillbirth, ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
The current obesity epidemic appears to contribute significantly to adverse fetal outcomes, and in this work we compile up-to-date evidence for the link between maternal obesity and risk of stillbirth. The review revealed a preponderance of evidence showing that the risk of stillbirth is increased among obese mothers with amplified ...
Tomić Vlatka - - 2011
Heterotopic pregnancy is a rare event that occurs in less than 1% of pregnancies following in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, especially when complicated with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. We report a case of a 31-year-old woman in the 6th gestational week of pregnancy achieved after in vitro fertilization, who was ...
Palhão M P - - 2011
The ovarian follicular population has been used as a parameter to evaluate fertility and also the potential of donors undergoing assisted reproductive procedures in both human medicine and animal practice. There is a high correlation between follicular population and oocyte recovery by ovum pickup (OPU), but the relationship between oocyte ...
Pieper P G - - 2011
Women with pulmonary hypertension have a high risk of morbidity and mortality during pregnancy. The inability to increase cardiac output leads to heart failure while further risks are introduced with hypercoagulability and decrease in systemic vascular resistance. There is no proof that new advanced therapies for pulmonary hypertension decrease the ...
Thornburg Loralei L - - 2011
Obesity is a major risk factor for many obstetrical complications, including pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, indicated preterm birth, macrosomia, and stillbirth. Clinicians should be aware of the unique obstetrical management considerations related to obesity, including recommendations for alterations in prenatal care. In addition, obese gravidas commonly have underlying medical conditions that ...
Kovacs Christopher S - - 2011
Pregnancy and lactation cause a substantial increase in demand for calcium that is met by different maternal adaptations within each period. Intestinal calcium absorption more than doubles during pregnancy, whereas the maternal skeleton resorbs to provide most of the calcium content of breast milk during lactation. These maternal adaptations also ...
Chetty Shilpa P - - 2011
With early diagnosis and increasingly effective medical care, more women with genetic syndromes are undergoing pregnancy, often presenting challenges for providers. Each year more women with genetic disease reach childbearing age. Advances in assisted reproductive technology have enabled pregnancy in a cohort of woman who experience impaired fertility because of ...
Lee Jae Eun - - 2011
During stimulated IVF cycles, up to 15% of oocytes are recovered as immature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trend of oocyte maturity in repeated ovarian stimulation for IVF. One hundred forty-eight patients were selected who underwent two consecutive IVF cycles using same stimulation protocol during 2008 ...
Moini Ashraf - - 2011
Coexistence of a viable fetus with a hydatidiform mole is a rare condition and the diagnosis is very important because of the risk of developing severe complications in pregnancy. The management of these pregnancies is optional, although accurate and great care is required to find early signs of maternal or ...
Herring S J - - 2012
Pregnancy is now considered to be an important risk factor for new or persistent obesity among women during the childbearing years. High gestational weight gain is the strongest predictor of maternal overweight or obesity following pregnancy. A growing body of evidence also suggests that both high and low gestational weight ...
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