Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1320
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Gallup Gordon G GG - - 2011
To compensate for the high metabolic costs of lactation, the likelihood of re-impregnation shortly after childbirth is normally reduced due to hormonal changes triggered by breast feeding during the postpartum period. Nowadays, however, bottle feeding as a substitute for breast feeding precludes such changes and leads to early postpartum reinstatement ...
Bitzer J - - 2011
The synthetic estrogen ethinylestradiol (EE)given by mouth is stable and yields satisfactory results in terms of ovulation inhibition and effects on the endometrium. It increases however the risk especially for venous thrombotic events and to a lesser degree also arterial thrombosis. Therefore research focused on diminuition of the EE dosage ...
Pantalone Kevin M - - 2011
Objective: Review the literature regarding the use of insulin glargine during pregnancy, specifically addressing the issues/concerns regarding mitogenicity, placental transfer, and maternal and fetal safety.Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and BIOSIS Previews. Additional studies were identified by hand-searching reference lists from original articles.Results: Insulin glargine does ...
Rodriguez Maria I - - 2011
The public health impact of obesity and unintended pregnancy is profound with far reaching consequences. Obese women are less likely to use contraception due to a variety of self-induced and systems-based barriers but their risk of becoming pregnant is similar to their normal weight counterparts. However, pregnancy-associated risks for obese ...
Rooney K K Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2011
Obesity now represents one of the major health care issues of the 21st century. Its prevalence has increased exponentially in both the developed and developing world during the last couple of decades. Such a rapid rise can therefore not be explained by a change in genotype, but must result from ...
Sohi Gurjeev - - 2011
Susceptibility to disease begins during fetal life, and adverse events in utero are a critical factor in determining quality of life and overall health. In fact, up to 50% of metabolic syndrome diseases can be attributed to an adverse in utero environment. However, the mechanisms linking impaired fetal development to ...
Waller Nimisha - - 2011
Increase in obesity and prevalence of diabetes has made this condition the most common and important metabolic disorder. Midwives regularly meet women at booking whose pregnancy will be or is complicated by diabetes. These women and their babies are at increased risk of morbidity not just during pregnancy and birth ...
Yarrington Christina - - 2011
Iodine is a necessary element for the production of thyroid hormone. We will review the impact of dietary iodine status on thyroid function in pregnancy. We will discuss iodine metabolism, homeostasis, and nutritional recommendations for pregnancy. We will also discuss the possible effects of environmental contaminants on iodine utilization in ...
Ghio Alessandra - - 2011
During pregnancy, complex changes occur in lipid profiles. From the 12th week of gestation, phospholipids, cholesterol (total, LDL, HDL), and triglycerides (TG) increase in response to estrogen stimulation and insulin resistance. Transition to a catabolic state favors maternal tissue lipid use as energy sources, thus sparing glucose and amino acids ...
Forges Thierry - - 2011
To report two consecutive spontaneous pregnancies in a compound heterozygous patient with classic galactosemia and a heterozygous partner, 6 years after ovarian tissue cryopreservation. Case report. Tertiary health care center. A patient with classic galactosemia and strict adherance to a galactose-free diet. Right ovariectomy by laparoscopy and cryopreservation of cortical ...
Van Eerden Peter - - 2011
More than one-third of U.S. women are obese, and the prevalence of obesity in childhood has increased. Excessive gestational weight gain and obesity are independent risk factors for maternal and fetal complications of pregnancy and may very well be implicated in the epidemic of childhood obesity currently seen in the ...
Lamers Yvonne - - 2011
An adequate intake of folate during pregnancy, lactation, and infancy is essential for maternal and child health and normal growth. Higher folate requirements during pregnancy and lactation are difficult to meet by increased intake of folate-rich food products only. Supplementation with folic acid is recommended not only to meet the ...
Tzanetakou Irene P - - 2011
Fetal growth and development is primarily dependent upon the nutritional, hormonal and metabolic environment provided by the mother. A wartime famine study in Holland first showed that a low food intake reduces the glucose offered to the fetus and thus produces smaller size infants at birth. Maternal glucose regulation is ...
Khan Yousuf A - - 2011
A conjoined twin is one of the rare congenital defects. Ischiopagus variety is even rarer. We present a case of ischiopagus-tripus conjoined twins. They were fused at the lower halves of the bodies. One of the twins was apparently normal looking, active and pink. The other twin was small, ill ...
Walker Latoya R - - 2011
Outside of Wilson's Disease, abnormal copper metabolism is a rare condition. In pregnancy, excess copper levels can be associated with intrauterine growth restriction, preeclampsia and neurological disease. A 32 year old Gravida 4 para 2012 with an obstetrical history complicated by elevated copper levels presented for routine prenatal care. Her ...
Jha Sangeeta S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Good Hope Hospital, Birmingham, UK. - - 2011
The authors report the rare case of a 25-year-old female who suffered from an ovarian ectopic pregnancy. She presented at 10 weeks gestation with a 1-day history of vaginal bleeding and lower abdominal discomfort. β-human chorionic gonadotropin concentration was 8538 IU/ml. Ultrasound showed a right adnexal mass 4.0 × 3.8 ...
Aggarwal Pakhee - - 2011
Ovarian tumours in pregnancy are a diagnostic and management challenge that is increasingly being faced by the clinician. While most masses are benign and resolve spontaneously, there are others that persist and indicate the need for surgical management. Ultrasound not only detects asymptomatic masses but also helps to guide their ...
Greve Tine - - 2010
Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue is a promising new technique for fertility preservation in patients facing gonadotoxic treatment. Ovarian tissue is extracted and cryo-stored at low temperature prior to treatment. If the woman becomes menopausal, the tissue can be transplanted and a few months later the woman will start to ovulate ...
Papanikolaou Evangelos G - - 2010
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), an iatrogenic complication of ovarian stimulation for assisted reproduction, is a potentially life-threatening condition. Exogenous human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administered for final oocyte maturation and endogenous hCG produced by a developing pregnancy are fundamental in the development of the disease. Vascular endothelial growth factor is the ...
Coakley Fergus V - - 2010
To investigate the MRI findings of massive ovarian edema in pregnancy. Asymmetric ovarian enlargement with a teardrop configuration and T2 hyperintensity with or without T1 hyperintensity appear characteristic of massive ovarian edema in pregnancy, potentially facilitating nonoperative diagnosis and expectant management. These findings support the concept that massive ovarian edema ...
Mavromatidis G - - 2010
A large (165 × 235 × 250 mm) solitary, unilocular cyst with a thin, smooth wall and homogeneous anechoic content was detected during a routine ultrasound scan at 24 weeks of gestation in an asymptomatic 39-year-old woman with a singleton pregnancy. The cyst was aseptate, lacked mural blood flow and ...
Cao Dong-yan - - 2010
To summarize the clinicopathological features and prognosis of malignant ovarian neoplasmas complicating pregnancy and explore the rational treatment. The clinical data of 38 patients with malignant ovarian neoplasmas complicating pregnancy were retrospectively analyzed,and the intra-surgical pathological sections were reviewed. International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system (1988) was ...
Zhao M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between the concentrations of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF), nitric oxide (NO), or endothelin-1 (ET-1) in follicular fluid with antral follicle counts (AFCs) or ovarian volume in order to predict the outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF). One hundred ...
Benjapibal Mongkol - - 2010
Pregnancy complicated by endodermal sinus tumor of the ovary is a very rare event. We present a case report of a pregnant woman with a ruptured primary endodermal sinus tumor of the ovary that was diagnosed at 13 weeks of gestation. After right salpingo-oophorectomy had been performed the patient received ...
Graham Dorothy F - - 2010
This case report describes the onset of hypertension and virilisation during pregnancy due to a Brenner tumour.
Riggs Ryan - - 2011
The objective of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to evaluate the value of basal serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels as a predictor of ovarian response and pregnancy outcome in a donor egg program. The study showed that AMH was superior to other biomarkers of ovarian reserve in predicting low and ...
Smaldone Gina M Mantia - - 2010
HYPOTHESIS: Conservative surgical management of ovarian neoplasms can result in favorable oncologic and obstetric outcomes. METHODS: All reproductive-age women (18-45 years old) with stage IA to stage IIC ovarian neoplasms (N = 161) were retrospectively identified from a single institution's tumor registry between 1990 and 2007. Operative, pathological, outpatient, and ...
Sztein Jorge - - 2010
Here we describe a new technique for cryopreserving mouse ovaries by using 0.5-mL straws. One advantage of this method is that it uses the same controlled-rate freezer and programming routinely used for the cryopreservation of mouse embryos. Using a 0.5-mL French straw loaded in the same way as for embryo ...
Altinbas Sadiman Kiykac - - 2010
We report a case of ovarian cystic teratoma with an important growth during pregnancy and the sonographic appearance of intracystic multiple, mobile, polygonal structures called intracystic "fat balls." Due to the rapid growth of the lesion, which exceeded 15 cm in diameter, a right oophorectomy was performed. Histopathologic diagnosis confirmed ...
Mourali Mechaal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Composing of less than 1% of all ovarian cancers, immature teratoma is a malignancy that mainly affects the young. Immature teratoma of the ovary together with pregnancy is rare. To our knowledge, this association was reported only in twelve cases. AIM: We Report two cases of immature teratoma of ...
Ben-Aharon Irit - - 2010
The rate of chemotherapy-induced ovarian failure (CIOF) has been reported as 14-100% and is age- and agent-dependent. The role of GnRH analogs (GnRHa) and oral contraceptives (OC) in the prevention of CIOF is questionable. We performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis of studies assessing the efficacy of hormonal interventions ...
Yu Hsing-Tse - - 2010
To assess whether the laparoscopist's experience can affect ovarian reserve and pregnancy outcome in vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI) patients who previously underwent laparoscopic conservative treatment for ovarian endometriomas. One hundred and forty-nine IVF-ICSI cycles with infertile patients who previously underwent laparoscopic conservative treatment for ovarian endometriomas were enrolled. There ...
Chang Eun Mi - - 2010
To evaluate the safety, feasibility, and pregnancy outcomes of adnexal detorsion using simple aspiration following ovarian hyperstimulation in pregnancy. Retrospective review of eight pregnant women who underwent ultrasound (US)-guided transvaginal aspiration to induce natural reduction of ovarian torsion following ovarian hyperstimulation. Six of the eight patients were successfully treated with ...
Nam Joo-Hyun - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) are a distinct diagnostic category of epithelial ovarian tumors, distinguished from both benign and invasive epithelial ovarian tumors. Because they affect young women of childbearing age, are diagnosed at an early stage, and are associated with excellent prognosis, fertility-sparing options are often used. ...
Broer Simone L - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to summarize the role of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: AMH is a good marker in the prediction of ovarian response to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. In clinical practice, this means that AMH may be used ...
Luk Janelle - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The majority of infertility patients require more than one in-vitro fertilization cycles to achieve pregnancy, which results in repeated stimulation in the ovaries. There have been raising concerns for patients about the effect of repetitive assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles on ovarian response in subsequent cycles. Whether ...
Ikechebelu J I - - 2010
We present a case of a 29 year old nulliparous woman with clomiphene resistance polycystic ovarian syndrome. She had a successful laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) in a private fertility centre in Nnewi Southeast Nigeria. She achieved a pregnancy four months later following clomiphene citrate ovulation induction. The pregnancy was complicated ...
Iavazzo C - - 2010
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common disease of the endocrine system among the women of reproductive age with an incidence ranging from 5 to 10%. This study is a mini-review of pregnancy and perinatal outcome in women with PCOS. The syndrome is associated with increased risk of pregnancy complications ...
Hong Seo Yoo - - 2010
We present a case report of an ovarian pregnancy after ipsilateral partial salpingectomy. A 19-year-old woman was admitted with vaginal bleeding and right lower abdominal pain. She had a history of right partial salpingectomy caused by a tubal pregnancy. The pregnancy test result was positive, and a right adnexal mass ...
Pelinck M J - - 2010
Singletons born after IVF are at risk of adverse pregnancy outcome, the cause of which is unknown. The present study investigated the influence of ovarian stimulation and IVF laboratory procedure on birthweight. Birthweight of singleton pregnancies resulting from IVF treatment with (n=161) and without ovarian stimulation (using a modified natural ...
Boswell Kathleen Marie Osterman - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of recurrent ovarian torsion during a multiple-gestation pregnancy and successful treatment via transabdominal ultrasound-guided ovarian cyst aspiration. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Tertiary care fertility center. PATIENT(S): A 33-year-old gravida 2, para 1 woman with a history of ovarian torsion in a previous ...
Smith Laura P - - 2010
This report describes an unusual case of ovarian torsion during an IVF cycle prior to vaginal oocyte retrieval and the subsequent embryo development. A 27-year-old, whose husband carries a balanced translocation, presented on stimulation day 11 (day after human chorionic gonadotrophin administration) with signs of right ovarian torsion. Transvaginal ultrasound ...
Kamath Mohan S - - 2010
To report a case of ovarian heterotopic pregnancy after an IVF cycle. Case report. Reproductive medicine unit, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, India. A woman with an ovarian heterotopic pregnancy. Laparoscopic removal of ovarian ectopic pregnancy. Early detection and successful treatment of heterotopic pregnancy. Successful laparoscopic management of ovarian pregnancy ...
Freour Thomas - - 2010
Ovarian reserve markers are now widely used in IVF centres in order to predict ovarian response and adapt ovarian stimulation protocols. In this study, the respective performance of day-3 FSH, oestradiol and anti-Müllerian hormone concentrations and antral follicle count for the prediction of poor ovarian response to ovarian stimulation and ...
Ahmed Kamel Remah Moustafa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report the occurrence of a rare case of spontaneous ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in a naturally conceived singleton pregnancy. DESIGN: A case report. SETTING: The Obstetric and Gynecology Department at King Fahd Central Hospital, Jazan City, Saudi Arabia. PATIENT(S): Our reported case was a middle-aged Egyptian woman presented in ...
Shimizu Yoshihiko - - 2010
To retrospectively assess the long-term outcome, including pregnancy rate, recurrence rate and ovarian reserve, after laser ablation surgery in infertile women with endometrioma. From March 1997 to June 2007, 45 subfertile women underwent ablation surgery with a potassium-titanyl-phosphate laser for ovarian endometrioma. These patients were reviewed retrospectively. Of the 45 ...
Kwon Yong-Soon - - 2010
The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical feature and pregnancy outcome in patients with ovarian cancer diagnosed during pregnancy. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 27 patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer during pregnancy at Cheil General Hospital & Women's Healthcare Center from January 1996 to December ...
Seshadri Srividya - - 2010
Ectopic pregnancy is a leading cause of maternal mortality. A high index of suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy must be borne in mind, especially when a woman of reproductive age presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain and a positive pregnancy test. An ectopic pregnancy can occur in unusual ...
Santos Margarida Avo - - 2010
The use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) has been increasing over the past three decades, and, in developed countries, ART account for 1-3% of annual births. In an attempt to compensate for inefficiencies in IVF procedures, patients undergo ovarian stimulation using high doses of exogenous gonadotrophins to allow retrieval of ...
Somoye G - - 2010
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: With the advent of routine sonography in pregnancy there has been an increase in the incidence of adnexal/pelvic masses. The differential diagnosis is most commonly ovarian. The complexity of diagnosing a pelvic mass in pregnancy is discussed. Chondrosarcomas most commonly occur in the pelvis and are rare ...
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