Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1520
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Oliveira Flávio Garcia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To further evaluate the effects of intramural and subserosal uterine fibroids on the outcome of IVF-ET, when there is no compression of the endometrial cavity. DESIGN: Retrospective, matched-control study from January 2000 to October 2001. SETTING: Private IVF center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred forty-five women with subserosal and/or intramural fibroids ...
Nicopoullos James D M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To present the first reported case of synchronous sperm retrieval followed by sperm washing before an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle in an HIV-positive azoospermic man. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Assisted reproduction center. PATIENT(S): A 40-year-old HIV-positive man with obstructive azoospermia due to vasal aplasia. INTERVENTION(S): Synchronous sperm retrieval, ...
de Oliveira Neuda Marques - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There are few reports of pregnancy using immotile sperm, and none using a purely mechanical assessment of viability. METHODS: In this pilot study, we retrospectively analysed 66 cycles in 61 patients with determinant male factor, recording rates of fertilization, implantation, normal pregnancy and take-home babies achieved with ICSI. Sperm ...
Nicopoullos J D M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The effects of source of sperm, aetiology and sperm cryopreservation on ICSI cycles in azoospermic men were evaluated. The effect of aetiology of azoospermia on embryo development was also assessed. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 154 cycles (91 couples) using surgically retrieved sperm. Outcome measures were ...
Savastano Marina - - 2004
The efficacy of lidocaine in controlling tinnitus is well documented. It can be administered intravenously or by transtympanic injection. The first method of delivery can produce cardiovascular and central nervous system adverse reactions. The transtympanic injection can bring about slight sensorineural hearing loss, vertigo, vomiting, and taste disturbances. To improve ...
Boorjian Stephen - - 2004
PURPOSE: We studied the impact of the interval from vasectomy to reversal and presence of sperm granuloma on outcomes of reversal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 213 microsurgical vasectomy reversals performed by a single surgeon were stratified according to obstructive intervals of less than 5 years, 5 to 10 ...
Kawase Yosuke - - 2004
Cryopreservation of mouse spermatozoa has been widely applied for maintenance of transgenic and knockout lines. However, the fertility of cryopreserved spermatozoa from some inbred strains such as C57BL/6 and BALB/c is extremely poor. We have recently reported that a partial zona-pellucida incision by piezo-micromanipulator (ZIP) significantly improves the fertilization rate ...
Jalil Sajid - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Traditionally 10 wet swallows are used to assess esophageal motility. Given this relative small number of swallows concerns have been raised whether the abnormal findings based on 10 wet swallows would persist with another set of 10 wet swallows. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether 10 wet swallows during esophageal manometry ...
Paris Damien B B P - - 2004
The distribution of spermatozoa and seminal plug in the reproductive tract and the timing of ovulation were examined at various times in a naturally mated monovular macropodid marsupial, namely the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii). After the first post partum (p.p.) mating, 28 females were isolated and their reproductive tracts dissected ...
Evans G - - 2004
Sperm-sexing technology using flow cytometry is in advanced stages of development for the sperm of several species. The sorting process could compromise sperm viability and sperm require specific handling procedures both before and after sorting to maintain the integrity and function of the sorted sperm. Standard freezing protocols have been ...
Schlegel P N - - 2004
Azoospermia may occur because of reproductive tract obstruction (obstructive azoospermia) or inadequate production of spermatozoa, such that spermatozoa do not appear in the ejaculate (non-obstructive azoospermia). Azoospermia is diagnosed based on the absence of spermatozoa after centrifugation of complete semen specimens using microscopic analysis. History and physical examination and hormonal ...
Seidel George E GE - - 2003
Sperm from many mammalian species can be sexed by flow cytometry/cell sorting at about 90% accuracy without damaging them unduly. However, because sperm are evaluated one at a time, in series, the number of sexed sperm produced per unit time is limited. Furthermore, the equipment required currently is expensive, in ...
Bartoov Benjamin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether microinjection into retrieved oocytes of motile spermatozoa with morphologically normal nuclei, strictly defined by high power light microscopy (x >6000), improves the IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancy rate in couples with repeated ICSI failures. DESIGN: Comparative prospective study testing routine IVF/ICSI outcome parameters against those of ...
Caroppo Ettore - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of recombinant human FSH pretreatment in improving fertilization and pregnancy rates in oligozoospermic patients who are undergoing ICSI. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, clinical study. SETTING: A research institute's reproductive unit. PATIENT(S): Thirty-three subjects with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia who failed to conceive after previous ICSI attempts. INTERVENTION(S): Treatment ...
Chen S-U - - 2003
The overall incidence of chromosomal abnormalities was 8%. There was no single distinctive feature of semen parameters predictive of the existence of a chromosomal anomaly. All of the patients with obstructive azoospermia had normal karyotypes and AZF. Three patients out of 13 (23%) with nonobstructive azoospermia without 47,XXY had AZF ...
Strandell Annika - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of changed criteria for sperm count and morphology when performing fallopian tube sperm perfusion (FSP) in unexplained infertility. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report on a longitudinal study in which two periods of insemination cycles are compared. One hundred and eighty-three couples who started ...
Pasqualotto Fabio Firmbach - - 2003
The incidence of vasal injury during inguinal herniorrhaphy is estimated at 0.5%. We sought to assess the patency rates and long-term fertility outcome after microsurgical repair of vasal obstruction related to prior inguinal herniorrhaphy. Twenty procedures were performed on 13 men diagnosed with infertility and vasal injury secondary to previous ...
Wood Simon - - 2003
The differentiation of the urogenital system and the appendicular skeleton in vertebrates is under the control of Homeobox (Hox) genes. It has been shown that this common control of digit and gonad differentiation has connected the pattern of digit formation to spermatogenesis and prenatal hormone concentrations in males. We wished ...
Galli Cesare - - 2003
The development of bovine embryos obtained by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was studied in relation to various treatments applied to the sperm and to the early embryo. We investigated the effect of different activation protocols on ICSI-embryos and the influence of sperm capacitation with heparin and D-penicillamine, hypotaurine, and epinephrine ...
Gorrill Marsha J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate alternatives for couples with severe male factor infertility who fail to conceive with IVF-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: Outcomes of couples using artificial insemination with donor sperm (AID) after failed IVF-ICSI, assessing multiple risk factors affecting prognosis. SETTING: University infertility service. PATIENT(S): Nineteen patients with complex infertility ...
Zorn Branko - - 2003
High seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS) are related to poor semen quality and impaired fertilization. We aimed at finding whether there is an association between ROS and fertilization, embryo quality and pregnancy rates after conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In prepared semen of 147 male ...
Larson-Cook Kjersten L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how moderate and/or high levels of DNA fragmentation (DFI), as measured by the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA), affect either IVF or IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) fertilization, cleavage, blastulation, implantation, and pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: Academic human reproduction laboratory. PATIENT(S): Eighty-nine couples undergoing ...
Oehninger Sergio - - 2003
Male infertility is one of the most common identifiable causes of human reproductive failure. Although considerable progress has been made toward understanding sperm physiology and the biology of gamete interaction, still more work is needed to achieve objectivity and standardization of some of the andrological diagnostic methods used in the ...
Retzloff Matthew G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review the pregnancy and birth outcomes of patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: Selective review of the literature. SETTING: Couples undergoing either conventional IVF or ICSI and their resulting offspring. PATIENT(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): None. RESULTS: These observational studies are unfortunately inherently biased. Regardless, ...
Thompson-Cree M E M - - 2003
The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of freeze-thawing on testicular sperm DNA fragmentation, fertilization rates and pregnancy rates following intracytoplasmic sperm injection with testicular spermatozoa (TESE). This ongoing prospective study included 88 couples attending for infertility treatment where the man presented with obstructive azoospermia at the ...
Vernaeve V - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Registries on outcome of ICSI pregnancies obtained with testicular sperm do not differentiate between obstructive (OA) and non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). We evaluated the pregnancy outcome and neonatal data on children born after ICSI using testicular sperm of men with histologically proven OA or NOA. METHODS: Pregnancies obtained after ICSI ...
Ombelet Willem - - 2003
There is good evidence in literature that intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the best first line treatment and most cost-effective procedure for moderate male factor subfertility. It seems very difficult to identify individual semen parameters predicting the likelihood of pregnancy after IUI. This can be explained by a lack of standardization ...
Raman Jay D - - 2003
PURPOSE: We evaluated the results of testicular sperm extraction (TESE) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in men with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) associated with cryptorchidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 321 TESE attempts were done in 275 men with confirmed nonobstructive azoospermia to recover spermatozoa for ICSI between November 1995 ...
Anger Jennifer Tash - - 2003
PURPOSE: We review the history of the cryopreservation of human sperm. The current methods of cryopreservation and indications are highlighted, and the success rates of the various uses of cryopreserved sperm are reviewed. Potential adverse sequelae of human cryopreservation are also discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Indications for cryopreservation include several ...
Ulug Ulun - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report the birth of a healthy female infant from a father with nonmosaic Klinefelter syndrome (KS) and document the experience of men with KS undergoing assisted conception. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Private IVF center. PATIENT(S): Twelve couples with male factor infertility due to Klinefelter syndrome undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. ...
Mansour Ragaa T - - 2003
Almost one-third of all patients with nonobstructive azoospermia undergoing testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) have cancelled cycles due to failure to find spermatozoa. For these patients, every attempt should be made to rescue the cycles by searching for spermatids. In this retrospective study, we report our ...
Wang Xia - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of spermatozoa and its correlation with semen parameters and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in infertile men and healthy donors. DESIGN: Controlled prospective study. SETTING: Male infertility clinic, Glickman Urological Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. PATIENT(S): Nineteen infertile men ...
Park Yong-Seog - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of fresh vs. frozen testicular sperm on fertilization and pregnancy using intracytoplasmic sperm injection. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Hospital-based infertility research laboratory. PATIENT(S): One hundred sixty patients with obstructive azoospermia undergoing testicular sperm extraction (TESE). INTERVENTION(S): Sections of seminiferous tubule were cryopreserved after TESE. Sperm ...
Au Doris W T - - 2003
Adult sea urchins, Anthocidaris crassispina, were exposed to 0.1 and 10 mgL(-1) phenol for 4 weeks. Abnormal sperm development was clearly evident in phenol-treated sea urchins, although no mortality was found throughout the exposure period. Occurrences of multinucleate sperm cells (including spermatocytes to spermatozoa) showed a significant increase from 0.07% ...
Vazquez Lourdes C - - 2003
The sea urchin sperm fertilization bioassay is an approved U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) biomonitoring tool for regulatory and compliance purposes. The method adapted for the Hawaiian species Tripneustes gratilla recommends a sperm-to-egg ratio of 2,500. Using a fixed ratio for all tests does not sufficiently account for seasonal ...
Lombardi Eduardo - - 2003
To report the birth and normal pediatric follow-up of the first baby born after transfer of embryos derived from cryopreserved rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Case report. Academic fertility unit. A 36-year-old woman with unexplained infertility. Reinsemination by ICSI ("rescue" ICSI) followed by cryopreservation at the pronuclear stage was performed ...
Shibahara Hiroaki - - 2003
This study was carried out to analyse if some of the sperm parameters assessed by computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA) are associated with multinucleate formation in human in vitro fertilization (IVF). In the present study, 137 IVF-embryo transfer (ET) treatment cycles in which pronucleate formation could be observed were enrolled. Sperm ...
Garrett C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Standard semen analysis has low objectivity and reproducibility and is not closely related to fertility. We assess the prognostic value of automated measurements of sperm motility and morphology. METHODS: During 1997-1999, 1191 infertile couples with no known absolute barrier to conception were assessed by conventional semen analysis, and automated ...
Schwarzer J U - - 2003
During a period of 8 years, 1,079 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures with aspirated epididymal or testicular spermatozoa were performed. Epididymal spermatozoa were used in 172 cycles and testicular spermatozoa or spermatids in 907 cycles. Multiple biopsies were obtained from at least two different locations in the testes. Retrieved spermatozoa ...
Cleary-Goldman Jane - - 2003
The objective of this article is to report obstetric outcomes of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-serodiscordant couples who underwent in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) at a tertiary care center. We reviewed the outcomes of seronegative women after IVF-ET with ICSI from January 1, 1997 ...
Liu De Yi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the normal range of the zona pellucida (ZP)-induced acrosome reaction (AR) in fertile men. DESIGN: A study of normative data. SETTING: Academic research and teaching tertiary hospital.None.Fertile men (n = 111) who had children or whose female partner was currently pregnant. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE (S): Semen analysis, ...
Levine Laurence A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate our experience with epididymal and testicular sperm obtained by percutaneous aspiration to determine the effectiveness of these procedures in patients with obstructive or nonobstructive azoospermia. We also report on the pooled outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection, performed at six in vitro fertilization centers, using sperm from these ...
Flint A F - - 2003
The ability to assess fertility of bovine sperm accurately and rapidly would be very useful for research and applications to the cattle industry. Sperm motility and other in vitro tests of sperm normality are only partially correlated with fertility, and lengthy breeding trials are expensive and time consuming. Heterospermic insemination ...
Aran Begoña - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the intracytoplasmic sperm injection outcome in a selected group of patients with oligoasthenozoospermia in relation to the results obtained from their meiotic analysis. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: An assisted reproduction service and a university department. PATIENT(S): One hundred thirty-seven men ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2003
Improvements in using retrieved testicular spermatozoa in infertile males to achieve fertilization and pregnancy has enabled patients with clinical azoospermia and non-obstructive testicular failure to father children. In this review article, we compare the relative yields of the two major techniques for sperm retrieval in males with non-obstructive azoospermia; TESE ...
Rhouma K Ben - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in term of pregnancy rate with immotile spermatozoa from ejaculate, epididymis and testis. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted between January 1998 and March 2001. We performed intracytoplasmic sperm injection with immotile spermatozoa, in 160 couples during 172 cycles. ...
Wood S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current incidence of vasectomy reversal procedures, the techniques used and which practitioners use them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a questionnaire, 130 general surgeons and urologists practising in Merseyside and North Wales were surveyed. RESULTS: The response rate was 74%, with 24 urological surgeons and 14 general ...
Zitzmann Michael - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Smoking by one or both partners can adversely affect IVF outcome. We investigated whether smoking may also play a role in the success rate of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), in which initial steps of fertilization are bypassed. DESIGN: Three hundred one couples (ICSI: 153, IVF: 148) participated in 415 ...
Pongratz N - - 2003
It is difficult to predict a priori how mating success translates into fertilization success in simultaneous hermaphrodites with internal fertilization. Whereas insemination decisions will be determined by male interests, fertilization will depend on female interests, possibly leading to discrepancies between insemination and fertilization patterns. The planarian flatworm Schmidtea polychroa, a ...
Laessøe Line - - 2003
PURPOSE: We examined the effects of ejaculation by penile vibratory stimulation on bladder capacity in men with spinal cord lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Included in our study were 14 men with spinal cord lesions from C4 to T7 with detrusor hyperreflexia. Cystometry was performed before and immediately after ejaculation by ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >