Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1526
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Toft Gunnar - - 2005
Persistent organochlorine pollutants (POPs) may interfere with reproductive function but direct evidence in humans is very limited. Fertility was examined in four regions with contrasting blood levels of POPs. Pregnant women and their partners in Warsaw (Poland), Kharkiv (Ukraine) and Greenland were consecutively enrolled during antenatal visits. Swedish fishermen and ...
Gat Yigal - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the improvement in semen quality and pregnancy rate after internal spermatic vein (ISV) embolization in men with nonobstructive azoospermia virtual azoospermia, or extremely severe oligoteratoasthenoazoospermia (OTA). METHODS: A prospective cohort of 101 azoospermic or severe oligoteratoasthenospermic men of mean (+/-SD) age 34.1+/-7.7 years who underwent ISV between ...
Katsuki Takafumi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sperm concentration and motility are poor predictors of the outcome of intrauterine insemination (IUI), hysteroscopic intratubal insemination (HIT), or complete fertilization failure (CFF) in conventional IVF. We investigated whether the calcium ionophore-induced acrosome reaction (AR) constitutes an additional indicator of CFF and pregnancy that is independent of these semen ...
Peeraer Karen - - 2004
This study presents a case of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with ejaculated immotile spermatozoa from a patient with immotile cilia syndrome. Semen analysis of the patient suffering from immotile cilia syndrome revealed an extreme oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT: count <1.4 x 10(6)/ml, 0% motility and 3% normal morphology). Electron microscopy of sperm ...
Nasr-Esfahani M H - - 2004
During spermiogenesis, histones are replaced by protamines (P1 and P2), resulting in sperm chromatin condensation followed by a halt to gene expression in haploid spermatids and spermatozoa. As a consequence, protamine deficiency and aberrant P1/P2 ratio have a profound effect on both fertilization and embryo development. However, reports on the ...
Aoki Vincent W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of first-attempt IVF-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles when using fresh testicular biopsy samples vs. frozen biopsy samples. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of 92 consecutive first-attempt IVF-ICSI cycles. SETTING: Two IVF programs. PATIENT(S): Forty consecutive first-attempt IVF-ICSI patients using sperm from fresh testicular biopsy samples and ...
van der Merwe F H - - 2005
AIMS: To present a structured review of the literature published on semen parameters and in vivo fertility potential and to establish fertility/subfertility thresholds for sperm morphology using Tygerberg strict criteria, sperm concentration, and sperm motility. METHOD: The published literature comparing fertile and subfertile populations between 1983 and 2002 was reviewed. ...
Li Qin - - 2005
Nkd1 is an antagonist of the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. The EF-hand motif of Nkd1 is required for its inhibitory function. Early studies suggested that Nkd1 might play important roles in mouse embryonic development and tumorigenesis. We constructed Nkd1(-/-) mice whose Nkd1 protein lacked the EF-hand and was unable to ...
Nicopoullos James D M - - 2004
To assess the viability of frozen-thawed embryos derived from intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in azoospermic men. Retrospective analysis of 154 consecutive ICSI cycles using surgically retrieved sperm from azoospermic men and case-control comparison of subsequent frozen transfer cycles with those using embryos generated from ejaculated sperm. Patient and fresh cycle ...
Frydman Nelly - - 2004
For several years the present authors' team had not been satisfied with the pregnancy rate achieved by their unit, especially in comparison with the results achieved by other teams with a similar population. A quality programme was established, and it was decided to switch from non-stop to intermittent activity. It ...
Kilani Zaid - - 2004
To document the pathology of five siblings with complete globozoospermia and to report the effectiveness of repeated intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment as therapy. Case report. A tertiary center for assisted reproduction. Five siblings with globozoospermia. Twenty cycles of repeated ICSI treatment. Detailed light and electron microscopy studies were performed ...
Zhao Y - - 2004
Although retrograde ejaculation is a relatively uncommon cause of infertility, it is nonetheless the most common cause of ejaculatory dysfunction. Retrograde ejaculation is characterized by either all or part of the seminal fluid going into the bladder. The initial management of patients with ejaculatory dysfunction is medical therapy. In couples ...
Anger Jennifer T - - 2004
In this study we evaluate the use of cryopreservation of sperm obtained at the time of surgical exploration in men with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens. We assess the impact of cryopreservation on pregnancy rates after IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Intraoperative cryopreservation of sperm at the time of microsurgical ...
Verheyen G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This was a retrospective study to determine if diagnostic testicular biopsy followed by cryopreservation should be the procedure of choice for all patients with testicular failure. METHODS: The first part of the study analysed 97 ICSI cycles scheduled with frozen-thawed testicular sperm for 69 non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) patients. The ...
Berkovitz Arie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Our preceding studies have already demonstrated the advantage of intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) over the conventional IVF-ICSI procedure in terms of pregnancy rate. This study was undertaken to determine whether the increased pregnancy outcome was attributable to the preferred nuclear morphology of the selected spermatozoa, and not ...
Jee Byung Chul - - 2004
AIM: We investigated the cumulative probability of ongoing pregnancy in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. METHODS: During a period of 6 years, 519 ICSI cycles were performed in 260 infertile couples at the Seoul National University Hospital. The cumulative rate of ongoing pregnancy (> or =12 weeks of gestation) was ...
McKenzie Laurie Jane - - 2004
To assess the pregnancy outcome of IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in couples with profound teratospermia (Kruger's strict criteria of zero). Retrospective analysis of 545 consecutive cycles of IVF/ICSI performed between January 2000 and January 2003. Tertiary care center. Of 545 IVF/ICSI cycles, 45 patients were identified with a ...
Pasqualotto Fábio Firmbach - - 2004
In men with prior vasectomy, microsurgical reconstruction of the reproductive tract is more cost-effective than sperm retrieval with in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection if the obstructive interval is less than 15 years and no female fertility risk factors are present. If epididymal obstruction is detected or advanced female ...
Nicopoullos James D M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles [1] using epididymal and testicular sperm in patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA); [2] using surgically retrieved sperm in patients with OA and nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA); and [3] using fresh and frozen-thawed sperm. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of published data. SETTING: Assisted ...
Allamaneni Shyam S R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To establish semen quality scores in a population of sperm donors and determine whether the scores can be used to predict pregnancy rates after donor insemination. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Infertility clinic at a tertiary care teaching hospital between 1993-2001. PATIENT(S): One hundred eleven women who underwent IUI with ...
Lin Yu-Hung - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To investigate the possibility of cryopreservation of spermatozoa obtained from percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA) in patients with obstructive azoospermia and the feasibility of intentional dissociation of PESA and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with obstructive azoospermia underwent diagnostic PESA before ovarian stimulation. If spermatozoa were ...
Nicopoullos James D M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of time since vasectomy and maternal age on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome in azoospermic men after vasectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Assisted conception unit. PATIENT(S): Thirty-seven azoospermic men (after vasectomy) who were undergoing 56 cycles of ICSI. INTERVENTION(S): Surgical sperm retrieval and standard ICSI ...
Wainer Robert - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although intrauterine insemination (IUI) is one of the most common assisted reproductive technology methods in the world, the relative influence of various semen characteristics on the likelihood of a successful outcome is controversial. The aim of our study was to assess the results of IUI as a function of ...
Slama Rémy - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Reports have suggested a decline in sperm concentration during the second half of the 20th century. The effect of this decline on fecundability (the monthly probability of pregnancy) could be detected in principle by a study of time to pregnancy. In practice, the amplitude of this expected effect is ...
Yalti S - - 2004
To determine the influence of sperm parameters inseminated on the outcome of intrauterine insemination (IUI) in patients undergoing ovarian stimulation with clomiphen citrat (CC) or human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) therapy, a retrospective review was performed for 2 years on data from the IUI program. 190 couples underwent a total of ...
Giulini Simone - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare semen parameters and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome in spinal cord-injured subjects who underwent single (group 1) or multiple (group 2) electroejaculations before ICSI. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING: Department of gynecology, obstetrics, and pediatric science in a reproductive medicine unit at a major Italian university. ...
Walters Anneke H - - 2004
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of sperm separation methods of semen samples collected from bulls subjected to scrotal insulation on embryonic development after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and to determine whether IVF results would be affected by various heparin concentrations. Morphologically abnormal semen samples were obtained and ...
Proctor J Glenn - - 2004
To determine if seasonal changes alter pregnancy rate in intrauterine insemination (IUI) patients. One-thousand and eighty semen analyses prepared for IUI were evaluated in this retrospective cohort study of 496 patients. Volume, pH, sperm concentration, and pregnancy rates were not altered by season. However, the percent motility, the total motile ...
Rossato M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test evaluates the ability of the functional sperm plasma membrane to stretch following cell swelling when exposed to hypo-osmotic solutions. Sperm samples with low HOS scores show low fertilization and pregnancy rates during assisted reproductive techniques, though data are controversial. The aim of this study ...
Ald M - - 2004
Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has revolutionized the treatment of male infertility by requiring only a single sperm to allow men whose infertility was previously considered to be uncorrectable to father a biological offspring. As a result, surgical sperm retrieval for assisted reproduction has developed to support this therapy. Microsurgical techniques ...
Küpker W - - 2004
Treatment of severe male subfertility has become available since the intracytoplasmic injection of a single sperm into an oocyte was successfully applied for the first time in 1992. Moreover, with the use of fresh and cryopreserved epididymal and testicular spermatozoa for this procedure, fertilization and pregnancies could be accomplished. This ...
Qiu Yi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To restore fertility of vasectomized men using percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA) and percutaneous vasal sperm aspiration (PVSA) via intrauterine insemination (IUI). PATIENTS: Twenty-eight vasectomized men who required restoration of their fertility with PESA, PVSA and IUI. RESULTS: Of 28 vasectomy reversal subjects, 16 cycles of IUI using vasal ...
Baccetti B - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate the possible links between ultrastructural sperm quality and the clinical pregnancy rate in infertile males treated with FSH before intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: Forty-four infertile males with idiopathic oligo-asthenozoospermia were randomly allocated to the treated (n=24) and non-treated (control, n=20) groups. Semen analysis was carried out ...
Ebner T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Complete fertilization failure after ICSI is a rare event, and it may happen repeatedly even in cases of normal sperm parameters and good ovarian response. In these cycles, alternative ICSI techniques may prove useful. METHODS: Our modified ICSI (mICSI) is characterized by aspiration close to the opposite membrane (the ...
Tremblay Marie-Eve - - 2004
The neuroendocrine control of spawning (release of intact gamete follicles) and of the ensuing exfoliation (freeing of gametes by follicle epithelium rupture) was investigated in colonies of the sea pansy Renilla koellikeri, an octocorallian of the sea pen family. Polyps of male colonies produce substantially more sperm follicles than female ...
Platteau P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The use of ICSI has been a major breakthrough in the treatment of male infertility. Even azoospermic patients with focal spermatogenesis in the testis (not sufficient to spill over into the ejaculate) may benefit from the technique. Previous reports suggest a higher pregnancy rate after ICSI treatment in patients ...
Fahmy I - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the use of testicular sperm for ICSI in azoospermic men with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism unresponsive to gonadotrophin therapy. METHODS: Fifteen patients with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism who remained azoospermic after hormonal treatment underwent testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and ICSI. These men were recruited from ...
Virro Michael R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) parameters (DNA fragmentation index [DFI] and high DNA stainability [HDS]), and conventional IVF and IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective review and prospective study. SETTING: Private IVF clinic. PATIENT(S): Two hundred forty-nine couples undergoing first IVF and/or ICSI ...
Ren S-S - - 2004
We compared the pregnancy rates and sperm characteristics of semen prepared by the albumin, Percoll, Puresperm, and swim-up methods. Semen analysis was performed by a computer-assisted system (CASA). The overall pregnancy rate was 14% per patient and 11% per cycle. The albumin and Percoll methods had the highest pregnancy rates, ...
Bungum L - - 2004
Couples with unexplained infertility treated unsuccessfully with intrauterine insemination often receive further treatment with IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of fertilization and fertilization failure with respect to the method of fertilization used, when half of the sibling oocytes were ...
Deneux-Tharaux Catherine - - 2004
We surveyed 2000 US urologists using mailed questionnaires. The aim of this survey was to estimate the incidence of pregnancy after vasectomy and to gather information on the surgical methods used. Of 586 responding urologists, 538 reported performing vasectomies, and they reported a total of 177 pregnancies during the preceding ...
Cakan M - - 2004
13 infertile patients who had complete azoospermia and clinical varicocele underwent inguinal varicocele repair. Semen analyses were obtained starting 3 months after varicocele repair. Bilateral varicocele repair in 2 men and unilateral in 11 men were performed. Induction of spermatogenesis was achieved in 3 (23%) patients. Two of them had ...
Jensen Julie R - - 2004
To reassess the use of TEST-yolk buffer (TYB) in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) program by comparing fertilization rates achieved in a glucose-free cleavage medium by the standard IVF preparation of sperm versus a 2-h, room temperature incubation of sperm in TYB. Oocytes collected for IVF were randomly split into ...
Eisner Brian - - 2004
We wanted to determine whether a saline flush during vasectomy would reduce the time needed to reach azoospermia. During vasectomy men were randomly assigned to flush the prostatic end of the vas deferens with 10 mL of normal saline (intervention group, n = 50), while the remaining men (n = ...
Snook Rhonda R - - 2004
Mating with more than one male is the norm for females of many species. In addition to generating competition between the ejaculates of different males, multiple mating may allow females to bias sperm use. In Drosophila melanogaster, the last male to inseminate a female sires approximately 80% of subsequent progeny. ...
Gandini L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sperm DNA integrity is essential for the accurate transmission of genetic information. The clinical significance of this assessment lies in its association with not only natural conception rates, but also the success of assisted reproduction technology (ART). It has been reported that sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) identified thresholds ...
Lewis S E M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Male fertility potential cannot be measured by conventional parameters for the assisted reproduction technique; ICSI. This study determines the relationship between testicular and ejaculated sperm mitochondrial (mt) DNA deletions, nuclear (n) DNA fragmentation, and fertilization and pregnancy rates in ICSI. METHODS: Ejaculated sperm were obtained from 77 men and ...
Bungum M - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Sperm chromatin integrity assessment has been suggested as a fertility predictor. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the results of sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) and the outcome of IVF, ICSI and intrauterine insemination (IUI). METHODS: A total of 306 consecutive couples undergoing assisted ...
Ciereszko Andrzej - - 2004
Sterile-male-release technique is currently used to control the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) population in the Great Lakes. The chemosterilant (bisazir) used in this program is extremely hazardous; special safety measures are necessary when handling this chemical. Therefore, replacement of bisazir with safer agents is desirable. In this study, we examined ...
Kadandale Pavan - - 2004
Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites are capable of producing hundreds of progeny. However, genetic and environmental factors can keep many animals from attaining their full reproductive potential. In these situations, efficient use of any functional gametes becomes more important for reproductive success. To learn about this aspect of C. elegans reproductive biology, ...
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