Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1526
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Katayama Mika - - 2002
BACKGROUND: ICSI bypasses the sperm-oolemma interactions that, in normal fertilization, depend on completion of the acrosome reaction. Morphological changes in the acrosomes of sperm in the ooplasm were therefore examined following IVF and ICSI using pig gametes. METHODS: In-vitro-matured porcine oocytes were used for ICSI or IVF. Oocytes were then ...
Göker Ege N Tavmergen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE(S): To compare fertilization rates, quality of embryos, pregnancy rates (PRs) and outcome of pregnancies in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using sperm from ejaculates of normal and abnormal semen and testicular sperm of non-obstructive azoospermia. STUDY DESIGN: Four hundred fifty-four patients who underwent 454 ICSI cycles were evaluated retrospectively. Patients ...
Nakagawa K - - 2002
The authors evaluated whether scheduled ovarian stimulation makes it easy to perform ICSI with fresh testicular sperm. Scheduled ovarian hyperstimulation was applied for testicular sperm extraction and ICSI with fresh testicular spermatozoa. Fifteen cycles in 10 couples were included in the present study; all couples were azoospermic, 5 were obstructive, ...
Rawe V Y - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In the present report we analyse the structural and functional features of sperm from a patient with severe asthenoteratozoospermia and failure of cleavage after ICSI. METHODS: Sperm were studied by phase contrast and transmission electron microscopy and microinjected into bovine oocytes to examine aster formation using antibodies against acetylated ...
Osmanagaoglu Kaan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the occurrence of deliveries after spontaneous conception in patients who have discontinued unsuccessful intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. DESIGN: Cohort follow-up study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): Between July 1992 and December 1993, 200 Belgian women younger than 37 years underwent 433 consecutive unsuccessful ICSI cycles with ...
Mátyás Sz - - 2002
The aim of the study was to summarize our five years experience (1996-2000) of testicular spermatozoa for intracytoplasmic sperm injection in Hungary. The influence of sperm count, maternal age, number of transferred embryos, and application of assisted hatching on outcome was investigated. Testicular spermatozoa were retrieved by microsurgical testicular sperm ...
Friedler S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether or not testicular sperm extraction (TESE) should be repeated for patients in whom no sperm were found during their first TESE attempt. METHODS AND RESULTS: The outcome of repeated TESE was evaluated in patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) after failing to obtain sperm in their ...
Mizuno Kaoruko - - 2002
BACKGROUND: For human ICSI, sperm are normally immobilized immediately prior to injection. However, there are some situations when only sperm of questionable viability are available. There are few evaluations of fertilization or developmental problems in human or animal models using sperm having known intervals between immobilization and injection. METHODS: Immobilized ...
Anderson Anthony R - - 2002
Prior to the development of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), azoospermic and severely oligozoospermic men had little to no chance of having a biological child. In this study, ICSI outcome in 454 transfers with ejaculated spermatozoa and 59 transfers with surgically retrieved spermatozoa were evaluated. Normal fertilization rate using ejaculated spermatozoa ...
Hayakawa Youichi - - 2002
The developmental process of eu- and paraspermatozoa in the cottid fish, Hemilepidotus gilberti, was observed by electron microscopy. Euspermatozoa of H. gilberti consist of a thin disk-like sperm head (about 3 microm in length), a short middle piece, and a long flagellum, but lack an acrosome. On the other hand, ...
Miller David C - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of processed total motile sperm (PTMS) count on pregnancy after partner intrauterine insemination (IUI). IUI is generally attempted before proceeding to more expensive and invasive assisted-reproductive techniques such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Several semen parameters have been shown to correlate with IUI outcome and may ...
Yamauchi Yasuhiro - - 2002
The golden hamster is the mammalian species in which intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was first tried to produce fertilized oocytes. Thus far, however, there are no reports of full-term development of hamster oocytes fertilized by ICSI. Here we report the birth of hamster offspring following ICSI. Keys to success were ...
Jobling Susan - - 2002
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals, known to be present in the environment, have great potential for interfering with reproductive health in wildlife and humans. There is, however, little direct evidence that endocrine disruption has adversely affected fertility in any organism. In freshwater and estuarine fish species, for example, although a widespread incidence of ...
Wood S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the interval between previous vasectomy reversal on retrieval rates of epididymal and testicular spermatozoa using percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA), or testicular sperm extraction (TESE), and the subsequent reproductive potential of these gametes in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive ...
Hewitson Laura - - 2002
Studies in non-human primates highlight their suitability as preclinical models for investigating assisted reproduction techniques. The cytoskeletal events of fertilization in non-human primates are similar to those in humans in that they require a paternally derived centrosome. The centrosome, introduced by the sperm at fertilization, organizes a microtubule array that ...
Kitiyanant Y - - 2002
In this study, we investigated the effect of heparin and calcium ionophore A23187 on in vitro induction of buffalo sperm acrosome reaction (AR). Two methods for detection of the AR and viability were employed. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Arachis hypogea agglutinin (FITC-PNA) was used as a vital stain in combination with ethidium ...
Ebner Thomas - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the first ICSI pregnancy achieved with sperm that were immobilized by using a noncontact diode laser. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Fertility center. PATIENT(S): A 36-year-old woman who had had primary infertility for 9 years. INTERVENTION(S): Sperm immobilization by using a 1.48-microm wavelength diode laser and subsequent ICSI. ...
Rawe V Y - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Human sperm with structural abnormalities display an increased content of the cellular proteolytic marker peptide, ubiquitin. We investigated whether dysplasia of the fibrous sheath (DFS), a severe structural anomaly found in the sperm of some asthenozoospermic patients, is accompanied by (i) increased ubiquitination of the sperm surface and (ii) ...
Borges Edson E - - 2002
CONTEXT: Several sperm retrieval techniques are available for use on azoospeermic men. Comparisons between spermatozoa retrieved from the testicles and epididymis in relation to pregnancy and miscarriage rates are not well established. OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy and miscarriage rates using sperm retrieved from the testes and epididymis using intracytoplasmic sperm ...
Baukloh Vera - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Isolation of sperm suitable for ICSI from fresh or frozen-thawed testicular sperm extraction (TESE) can be facilitated by mechanical or enzymatic processing of the samples. METHODS: A retrospective multicentre study was initiated to compare these two approaches. Eleven German centres provided data on their TESE cycles performed during the ...
Huang Hsin-Chieh - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A retrospective review was made of patients who received vasectomy reversal from 1989 to 1998 at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) in Linkou, Taiwan. The patency rate and partner pregnancy rates were also analyzed. METHODS: Seventy patients underwent a vasovasostomy at CGMH from 1989 to 1998. Postoperative semen analysis ...
Ribes Enric - - 2002
The first stages of acrosome development during Eledone cirrhosa spermiogenesis are similar to that in Octopus vulgaris, and comprise the initial elongation of both organelles. However, the acrosome in E. cirrhosa does not continue its elongation as it does in O. vulgaris. Instead, its length remains fixed and it undergoes ...
Sousa M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A retrospective study was carried out on 159 treatment cycles in 148 secretory azoospermic patients to determine whether histopathological secretory azoospermic subgroups were predictive for gamete retrieval, and to evaluate outcome of microinjection using fresh or frozen-thawed testicular sperm and spermatids. METHODS: Sperm and spermatids were recovered by open ...
Wood Simon - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the cryopreservation of epididymal and testicular spermatozoa alters their reproductive potential by examination of patients who underwent consecutive cycles of ICSI using fresh and then cryopreserved spermatozoa. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred sixty-two consecutive cycles of ICSI were analyzed. Thirteen ...
Guthauser Bruno - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe a successful pregnancy and delivery after testicular sperm extraction (TESE) despite an undetectable concentration of serum inhibin B in a man with nonobstructive azoospermia. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Obstetrics and gynecology and reproductive biology departments. PATIENT(S): A 31-year-old woman and a 32-year-old man with nonobstructive azoospermia and ...
Huitorel Philippe - - 2002
Tubulin belongs to a highly conserved multigenic family, in which several gene products usually coexist in the same tissue or the same cell. Moreover, seven classes of post-translational modifications of these gene products lead to an amazing diversity of tubulin polypeptide chains, within the same cell type, whose physiological function ...
Ergur Ali Rustu - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To reexamine whether low sperm HspA2 ratios (formerly sperm CK-M ratio) are predictive for failure to cause pregnancies by in vitro fertilization (IVF) and to explore whether there are other male or female factors that may be predictive for IVF pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective, cohort study. SETTING: University-based IVF ...
McLean Sheila A M - - 2002
Increasingly women are seeking to establish pregnancies using sperm retrieved from their dead or dying partners. This raises a number of issues of a broad nature, but is also of significance in terms of the relationship between regulatory mechanisms and private choices. This article reviews this relationship with specific reference ...
Hewitson Laura - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish pregnancies in rhesus monkeys using testicular sperm and elongated spermatids injected into oocytes. DESIGN: Comparative animal study. SETTING: Regional Primate Research Center. ANIMAL(S): Prime, fertile rhesus monkeys. INTERVENTION(S): Oocytes collected by laparoscopy from gonadotropin-stimulated female rhesus monkeys were injected with testicular sperm or elongated spermatids obtained from ...
Cayan Selahittin - - 2002
PURPOSE: We assessed how varicocelectomy alters semen quality in a large cohort of infertile men and determined whether it can change patient candidacy for assisted reproductive technology procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 540 infertile men with clinical palpable varicocele underwent microsurgical varicocelectomy and were followed more than 1 ...
Pasqualotto Fabio F - - 2002
PURPOSE: We assessed fertilization, pregnancy and miscarriage rates in patients with obstructive and nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 1996 to March 2000, 166 consecutive patients (198 intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles) with azoospermia were studied. Of these 198 cycles 68 were performed due to ...
Fuchs Eugene F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To document a contemporary series of vasectomy reversals performed in men 15 years or more after vasectomy and to correlate the results with spousal age and results of ICSI for obstructive azoospermia. SETTING: University referral center for male infertility. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a single surgeon's experience compared with ...
Bonduelle Maryse - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety of ICSI, this study compared data of IVF and ICSI children by collecting data on neonatal outcome and congenital malformations during pregnancy and at birth. METHODS: The follow-up study included agreement to genetic counselling and eventual prenatal diagnosis, followed by a physical examination of the ...
Kojima Yoshiyuki - - 2002
PURPOSE: Administering of flutamide to pregnant mice causes hypospadias in male offspring. We investigated spermatogenesis, fertility and sexual behavior in this hypospadiac mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male offspring exposed to flutamide during the embryonic period were divided into hypospadiac group 1 and normal external genitalia group 2. Control group ...
Saito Kazuo - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of electric stimulation applied to the epididymis or vas deferens to retrieve vasal sperm. DESIGN: Two case reports. SETTING: Assisted reproduction practice in a hospital. PATIENT(S): Two patients with retrograde ejaculation and severe asthenozoospermia. INTERVENTION(S): Pulse electric simulation was applied to the epididymis or vas ...
Shulman Adrian - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to calculate the cumulative pregnancy rates of IVF cycles with ICSI using ejaculated or testicular spermatozoa. A computerized database for the IVF cycles with ICSI performed between January 1996 and December 1998 was utilized. Cycles with spermatozoa obtained after electro-ejaculation were excluded. A multifactorial ...
Force Andre - - 2002
Total enolase as well as enolase-alphaalpha. (ENO-alphaalpha, ubiquitous) and enolase-S (ENO-S, sperm-specific) activities were measured in total and Percoll-selected sperm from 30 normospermic fertile men and 20 abnormospermic infertile patients. The total enolase activity was significantly higher in total sperm from patients with abnormospermia compared with normospermic patients (11.1 +/- ...
Check M L - - 2002
Men with low hypoosmotic swelling test (HOST) scores (<50%) rarely achieve a pregnancy with intercourse or conventional intrauterine insemination (IUI) or even IVF. The defect seems to be related to a toxic factor attached to the sperm that can be transferred to the zona pellucida, which ultimately interferes with implantation. ...
Lee Vincent M S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the relationship between the initial and unprocessed sperm parameters and pregnancy rates in SOIUI, for Asian couples with male factor infertility. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: A large government tertiary-care women's hospital with 15,000 deliveries per year. POPULATION: One thousand four hundred and seventy nine couples undergoing 2846 ...
Hovav Y - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Electroejaculation has become an accepted form of semen procurement in men suffering from anejaculation. However, sperm in these ejaculates often exhibit low motility. In such cases, ICSI is offered to improve the possibility of successful pregnancy. Here we evaluate the fertilizing potential, using ICSI, of fresh and cryopreserved sperm ...
Slama R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In fertile populations, little is known about the association between semen parameters and time to pregnancy (TTP). METHODS: Pregnant women from Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Paris and Turku who conceived without medical intervention were asked for their TTP (942 couples), and their partners provided a semen sample. The proportion of morphologically ...
Gist Daniel H - - 2002
The storage and behavior of sperm collected from the epididymis of two emyiid turtles were examined. In Chrysemys picta, the weight of the epididymis does not change significantly throughout the year as does the testis. However, in this species, as well as in Trachemys scripta, the epididymis contains sperm throughout ...
Wood Simon - - 2002
Although pregnancies were achieved after surgical sperm retrieval and in vitro fertilization 8 years before the introduction of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), it is the development of ICSI that has led to the rapid expansion of surgical procedures to obtain sperm from azoospermic males for use in assisted conception cycles. ...
Sever David M - - 2002
Internal fertilization and oviparity most likely are symplesiomorphies for modern reptiles, and viviparity has evolved independently numerous times in Sauria and Serpentes. Oviducal sperm storage is known in females of all taxa except Amphisbaenia. However, in Rhynchocephalia and Crocodilia, sperm storage is poorly studied, and specialized sperm storage tubules (Ssts) ...
Küpker Wolfgang - - 2002
Treatment of severe male subfertility has become available since the intracytoplasmic injection of a single sperm into an oocyte was successfully applied for the first time in 1992. Moreover, with the use of fresh and cryopreserved epididymal and testicular spermatozoa for this procedure, fertilization and pregnancies could be accomplished. This ...
Windt M L - - 2002
The aim of the study was to gain an insight into the optimal management of the infertile couple with the husband suffering from azoospermia. One hundred and forty-two intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles performed with testicular extracted spermatozoa were retrospectively analysed. The following factors were investigated for their possible influence ...
Khalili Mohammad A - - 2002
The purpose of this clinical trial study was to report the outcome of intracytoplasmic injection of round (RS) and elongated (ES) spermatids retrieved from the testis of nonobstructive men. Seven and three cycles using RS and ES injections were performed, respectively. Only one cycle utilizing the late stage of ES ...
Makhseed Ma'asoumah - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the recovery rate of sperm from the testis using percutaneous testicular aspiration with a 22-gauge hypodermic needle followed by evaluation of the fertilization rate and pregnancy rate after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational study performed in a private in vitro fertilization ...
Bartoov Benjamin - - 2002
The aim of the present prospective study was to determine whether subtle sperm morphological characteristics affect the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and if so, to identify those that are relevant. For this purpose, we developed a new method, the motile sperm organelle morphology examination (MSOME). The examination is ...
Yarali H - - 2002
Our objective was to assess the effects of intramural and subserous fibroids on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in a retrospective case-control study of 108 women with uterine fibroids and 324 controls. The fibroids were located and measured by transvaginal ultrasound performed just before the ICSI cycle and all patients had ...
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