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Araujo Júnior Edward E Referral Center for Teaching of Diagnostic Imaging (CETRUS), São Paulo-SP, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine reference intervals of fetal nuchal fold (NF) thickness measurement in the second trimester of pregnancy in a Brazilian population. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study with 2559 normal singleton pregnancies between 18 and 24 weeks of pregnancy. The fetal NF was obtained in the axial ...
Rezk Mohamed M Lecturer in Obstetrics and - - 2014
Abstract Objectives To examine the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of intravaginal misoprostol and intracervical foley catheter alone or in combination for termination of second trimester pregnancy. Methods This clinical study was conducted on 90 pregnant patients intended for termination of pregnancy between 13-24 gestational weeks for any indication. Enrolled women ...
Cossette Benoit B Faculty of Pharmacy, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Pharmacy Department, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, - - 2014
Recent asthma guidelines endorse the safety of long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) and of mild and moderate doses of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) when required to control asthma during pregnancy, yet do not state a preferred medication within each class. To estimate the relative perinatal safety with the use of salmeterol and formoterol ...
Shen Feng-Xian FX Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Xueshi Road #2, Hangzhou 310006, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to establish gestation-specific reference intervals (GRIs) for thyroid function assays in pregnant Chinese women with ARCHITECT and compare them to other GRI studies. Thyroid antibody negative pregnant Chinese women were enrolled and followed to establish GRIs for thyroid function by use of the Abbott ...
Kårhus Line Lund LL Gynecological Clinic 4232, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The impact of an ectopic pregnancy in the next generation is unknown. Our aim was to compare reproductive outcomes in daughters of women with and without ectopic pregnancy. Designed as a historical prospective controlled cohort study with data collected in four Danish registries from 1977-2009, women with ectopic pregnancy during ...
Burris Heather H HH Department of Neonatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA; Division of Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several studies have reported increased risk of preeclampsia when 25-hyrdoxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels are low. The extent to which 25(OH)D may lower risk for hypertensive disorder during pregnancy remains unclear. Among women enrolled in the Project Viva prenatal cohort in Massachusetts, we examined associations of 25(OH)D levels obtained at 16.4-36.9 ...
van Uitert Em E Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
To investigate the association between periconception maternal folate status and embryonic size. Prospective periconception cohort study. Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Seventy-seven singleton pregnancies recruited in 2009 and 2010. We recruited women before 8 weeks of gestation and performed weekly three-dimensional ultrasound scans from enrolment up to 13 weeks of ...
Nilsen Roy Miodini RM Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Alessandra Lisi International Centre on Birth Defects and Prematurity, Rome, - - 2014
Maternal folic acid supplementation between subsequent pregnancies may be important to reduce the risk of low folate status associated with short interpregnancy intervals. We examined how the prevalence of preconception folic acid use for a given pregnancy in Norwegian women varied according to the time interval from the previous pregnancy. ...
Sikaris Kenneth A KA Sonic Healthcare and Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Vic. 3010, - - 2014
Reference intervals are ideally defined on apparently healthy individuals and should be distinguished from clinical decision limits that are derived from known diseased patients. Knowledge of physiological changes is a prerequisite for understanding and developing reference intervals. Reference intervals may differ for various subpopulations because of differences in their physiology, ...
Poureisa M M Department of Radiology and Neurosciences Research Center, Imam Reza Medical Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , - - 2014
This study proposes a sonographic feature of the placenta in association with benign vaginal bleeding. A total of 286 normal singleton pregnancies were examined for 'anteroposterior, AP, placenta', which was reported when the placenta was attached to both anterior and posterior walls of the uterus in sagittal transabdominal ultrasound scans. ...
Gabbay Aviezer A Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology - - 2014
Objective: To examine the association between calcium levels during the first trimester of pregnancy and preeclampsia. Methods: The study population included registered births (n = 5233) in a tertiary medical center between 2001 and 2011. A comparison was performed between women with and without hypocalcemia during the first trimester of pregnancy. A ...
Guedes-Martins Luís L Department of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; Centro Hospitalar do Porto EPE, Departamento da Mulher e da Medicina Reprodutiva, Largo Prof. Abel Salazar, Porto, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to construct gestational age based reference ranges for the uterine artery (UtA) mean pulsatility (PI) and resistance indexes (RI) from 6 -10 weeks of pregnancy. A prospective, cross-sectional, observational study was carried out in 312 singleton pregnancies with gestational age ranging from 6 to 10 ...
Braakenburg Arthur M D AM Department of Ophthalmology, VU Medical Center Amsterdam, the - - 2014
To investigate whether recurrence rates of ocular toxoplasmosis are higher during pregnancy among women of childbearing age. Retrospective longitudinal cohort study. We reviewed medical records of all women seen at a university eye clinic (Utrecht, Netherlands) during episodes of active toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis that occurred while the women were of childbearing ...
Swank M L ML Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA, - - 2014
Objective:To examine the impact of change in body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy on the incidence of gestational hypertension/preeclampsia.Study Design:This is a retrospective cohort study using linked California birth certificate and discharge diagnosis data from the year 2007. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for ...
Gaillard Romy R Generation R Study Group, Department of Pediatrics, Department of Epidemiology, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2013
Maternal prepregnancy obesity is associated with impaired cardiometabolic health in offspring. Whether these associations reflect direct intrauterine causal mechanisms remains unclear. In a population-based prospective cohort study among 4871 mothers, fathers, and their children, we examined the associations of both maternal and paternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) with childhood ...
Zhang Ying Y Department of Gynecology, The Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University , Shanghai, People's Republic of China - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate which clinical characteristics will influence the pregnancy rate and live birth rate after myomectomy. Subjects and Methods: Data of clinical characteristics and reproductive outcome from 471 patients who wished to conceive and who underwent abdominal or laparoscopic myomectomy in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan ...
Källén Bengt B Tornblad Institute, Lund University, Biskopsgatan 7, 223 62, Lund, Sweden, - - 2013
In previous studies from the Swedish Medical Birth Register, a possible association between erythromycin therapy and an increased risk for cardiovascular defects was found. Other studies using different methodology have not verified this observation. The finding resulted in a warning for the use of erythromycin in early pregnancy, followed by ...
Hviid Anders A From the Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, - - 2013
Studies have raised concern about an association between the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy and an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders in the offspring. We conducted a cohort study of all singleton live births in Denmark from 1996 through 2005 (626,875 births), with follow-up through ...
Gabbay-Benziv Rinat - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine the association between decision to delivery interval and short term perinatal outcome in cases of suspected placental abruption delivered by cesarean section (CS). Study Design: A retrospective cohort study of all cases of placental abruption delivered by CS (2010-2012) in a single university affiliated tertiary center. ...
Li Jie - - 2013
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been introduced empirically into IVF/ICSI programs with the hopes of improving in vitro fertilization (IVF) success. However, the effects of IVIG have been inconsistent. We investigated the effects of IVIG on hard outcomes, including implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, live birth rate, miscarriage rate, and live ...
Conner Shayna N SN Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University, St. Louis, - - 2013
Previous studies have shown mixed results for pregnancy outcomes after loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP); however, evidence is lacking regarding the pregnancy outcome of spontaneous abortion with respect to time elapsed from LEEP to pregnancy. We investigated risks of spontaneous abortion and preterm birth as they relate to time elapsed ...
Gutarra-Vilchez Rosa - - 2013
To study the association between the use of medically assisted reproduction (MAR) and birth defects (BD) in newborns and terminations of pregnancy in pregnant women registered in Barcelona in the period 1992-2007. We studied 1905 cases and 2722 controls in a retrospective population-based case-control study. Cases comprised any newborn presenting ...
Spinillo Arsenio - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To correlate placental pathologic lesions, as defined by the Society for Pediatric Pathology, to the severity of the ratio of the pulsatility Doppler index (PI) of the fetal middle cerebral artery to that of the umbilical artery (cerebroplacental ratio, CPR). Study design: A cohort-study of 176 singleton pregnancies ...
Thompson A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of adverse events following amnioreduction in a singleton pregnancy. A systematic review was conducted. Literature was identified by searching two bibliographical databases between 1991 and 2011, without language restrictions. The data extracted and overall rates and confidence intervals for each ...
Chaudhuri Picklu - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of a shorter interval (24hours) between misoprostol and mifepristone administration with that of the conventional dosing interval (48hours) for second-trimester termination of pregnancy (TOP). This was a prospective randomized, controlled, open-label study of 98 healthy women opting for mid-trimester TOP. The women were randomized to receive ...
Verlohren Stefan - - 2013
To establish gestational phase adapted cutoffs for the use of the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1)/placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio as a diagnostic tool for preeclampsia in the clinical setting, a multicenter case-control study including a total of 1149 patients was performed. We report normal values of sFlt-1, PlGF, and ...
Bilder Deborah A DA Utah Autism Research Program, 650 Komas Dr, Suite 206, Salt Lake City, UT 84108. - - 2013
The rising population of individuals identified with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) calls for further investigation of its underlying etiology. A disturbance in the fetal steroid hormone environment may be a mechanism in which environmental and genetic risk factors interact. The mother, fetus, and placenta collectively create the fetal steroid ...
Rim Chol Ho - - 2013
To improve the efficiency of producing cloned pigs, we investigated the influence of the number of transferred embryos, the culturing interval between nuclear transfer (NT) and embryo transfer, and the transfer pattern (single oviduct or double oviduct) on cloning efficiency. The results demonstrated that transfer of either 150-200 or more ...
Hannam Kimberly - - 2013
To investigate the effects of maternal residential proximity to major roads on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Major road networks in North West England were linked to the maternal residence of 190,909 births (2004 to 2008). Distance between the residence and the nearest major road was calculated and dichotomized at 200 m. ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine reference intervals for the embryos/fetuses heart rate (HR) between 6 and 14 weeks of pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried in a single center with singleton pregnancies of embryos/fetuses with a crown-rump length (CRL) between 5 and 85 mm. The HR was assessed by ...
Stene-Larsen Kim K Department of Psychosomatics and Health Behaviors, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, - - 2013
To investigate whether maternal negative affectivity, a tendency to frequent negative emotions and views, is associated with light alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy. Cohort. Norway 1999-2008. The study includes complete information on 66 111 pregnant women and their partners. We used data from the Norwegian Mother and Child ...
Singh Abhishek - - 2013
In Nepal, 26%-38% of recent births are estimated to be from unintended pregnancies, but little is known whether these pregnancies have adverse consequences for the health of the mother and child. Data from the 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey are used to examine the hypothesis that unintended pregnancies are ...
Nanda Kavita - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of nevirapine-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) on combined oral contraceptive (COC) effectiveness. Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial. We enrolled HIV-infected women aged 18-35 years in South Africa and Uganda who had regular menses, were sexually active, and had no medical contraindications to COC use. We enrolled 196 women ...
Taal H Rob - - 2013
Foetal smoke exposure might lead to foetal developmental adaptations that permanently affect the cardiovascular system. We assessed the associations of both maternal and paternal smoking during pregnancy with childhood cardiovascular structures and function. Method In a prospective cohort study among 5565 children, we examined whether maternal and paternal smoking during ...
Doubilet Peter M - - 2013
Accurate pregnancy dating is important for diagnostic and management decisions during pregnancy. Dating by last menstrual period is less reliable than dating by ultrasound, since the former has memory-related and other sources of inaccuracy. Dating by first trimester ultrasound, via the crown-rump length, has a 95% confidence range of ±5 ...
Griesinger Georg G Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynecologic Endocrinology, University Clinic of Schleswig-Holstein, Luebeck, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
To compare the impact of elevated P during the late follicular phase on the chance of pregnancy in low, normal, and high responders. Retrospective combined analysis from six clinical trials. IVF centers. Women up to 39 years of age with a regular menstrual cycle and an indication for ovarian stimulation ...
Johnson Sarah R - - 2013
To assess a home pregnancy test's accuracy to concurrently detect pregnancy and determine pregnancy duration. Multicenter, prospective study. Study sites in the United States. Women actively attempting to conceive who have menstrual bleeds (18-45 years). Volunteers collected early morning urine samples (three or fewer menstrual cycles). Pregnant volunteers underwent ultrasound ...
Searle Leigh - - 2013
To determine whether mifepristone plus misoprostol was as effective as misoprostol with or without laminaria (depending on gestational age) for cervical preparation for second-trimester termination of pregnancy. A retrospective cohort study was carried out among women who underwent surgical termination between 14 and 19+6weeks of pregnancy. Those who received preoperative ...
Chai Joyce - - 2013
To assess the feasibility of adding letrozole to the standard regimen of mifepristone and misoprostol for termination of pregnancy up to 63 days. We recruited 50 subjects who had requested legal termination of pregnancy up to 63 days. Medical abortion was performed with a singe dose of 200mg mifepristone and ...
Hautero U - - 2013
Background/Objectives:The mother is an important mediator to the infant of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), the essential constituents of membranes particularly in the brain and retina. We here aimed in a prospective study initiated in early pregnancy to establish whether serum fatty acid (FA) compositions and concentrations in the mother can ...
von Wolff M - - 2013
Does intrauterine application of diluted seminal plasma (SP) at the time of ovum pick-up improve the pregnancy rate by ≥14% in IVF treatment? Intrauterine instillation of diluted SP at the time of ovum pick-up is unlikely to increase the pregnancy rate by ≥14% in IVF. SP modulates endometrial function, and ...
Khalid Azy S - - 2013
Thyroid disorders are common in women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Physiological changes in pregnancy and the lack of pregnancy-specific reference ranges make managing thyroid disorders in pregnancy challenging. Our aim was to establish trimester-specific thyroid function reference intervals throughout pregnancy, and to examine the ...
Johnson Kimberly J - - 2013
Background. Hepatoblastoma (HB) is a rare pediatric liver tumor that has significantly increased in incidence over the last several decades. The International Agency for Cancer Research (IARC) recently classified HB as a tobacco-related cancer. Parental alcohol use has shown no association. We examined associations between parental tobacco and alcohol use ...
Wang Min - - 2013
Pregnant women are at a hyper-coagulable state with a higher risk of deep venous thromboembolism(VTE) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), which could be life threatening. We established gestational age-specific reference intervals for D-dimer, and estimate the role of D-dimer test in ruling out VTE and DIC in pregnant women. We ...
Epstein Richard A RA Department of Psychiatry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37212, USA. - - 2013
To quantify the prevalence of prescribed opioid analgesics among pregnant women enrolled in Tennessee Medicaid from 1995 to 2009. Retrospective cohort study of 277,555 pregnancies identified from birth and fetal death certificates, and linked to previously validated, computerized pharmacy records. Poisson regression was used to estimate trends over time, rate ...
Temerinac Dunja - - 2013
The aim of this study was to provide information for better obstetric counseling by analyzing the impact of fetal birth weight (BW) on fetal and maternal outcome when vaginal birth is planned in a university hospital. In this retrospective study from January 1st 2006 to December 31st 2011, 5,177 singleton, ...
Patchen Loral - - 2013
To examine differences in prenatal depression among first-time mothers who had a subsequent pregnancy within 6 months of first birth and those who did not. Mothers with depression symptoms were expected to have a greater likelihood of rapid subsequent pregnancy. The Parenting for the First Time study is a longitudinal ...
O'Leary Colleen M - - 2013
This study explores the potential of data linkage to investigate the proportion of birth defects classified as alcohol-related (ARBD) by the Institutes of Medicine (IOM) that are attributable to maternal alcohol-use disorder. Maternal alcohol-use disorder was identified using International Classification of Diseases (9th and 10th revision) codes for alcohol-related diagnoses ...
Fan Jian-Xia - - 2013
The importance of diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy has been widely recognized. Our study was designed to compare two different detection reagents between Abbott and Roche and to establish the gestationalrelated reference intervals for thyroid function tests (TFT) in Chinese women and to assay the reference ranges with the ...
Haqnawaz Fauzia - - 2013
We performed this study to investigate and compare the effects of Letrozole and gonadotrophins versus Clomiphene Citrate and gonadotrophins in women undergoing superovulation for Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). We performed this prospective cohort study at Australian Concept and Fertility centre, Karachi Pakistan. Women younger than 40 years of age with patent ...
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