Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1194
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Ozdemir Ismail - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare cervical length measurements at 10-14 and 20-24 weeks gestation in asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies and to assess the measurements as a predictor of preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective study, cervical length was measured in 152 asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies using transvaginal ultrasonography at ...
To Meekai S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the value of combining maternal characteristics and measurement of cervical length at 22 to 24 weeks in the prediction of spontaneous early preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Cervical length was measured by transvaginal sonography at 22 to 24 weeks in 1163 twin ...
Choksuchat C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The objective was to compare the efficacy of oral versus vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening in non-pregnant women. METHODS: Sixty non-pregnant women scheduled for diagnostic hysteroscopy were randomized by computerized randomization schedule to 400 microg of misoprostol orally (n = 30) or 200 microg vaginally (n = 30) administered ...
Osman Inass - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety profile of prostaglandin E2 with isosorbide mononitrate for cervical ripening before the induction of labor at term. STUDY DESIGN: Primigravid women were assigned randomly to receive either 40 mg of isosorbide mononitrate or 2 mg of prostaglandin ...
Ozawa Nobuaki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Implantation sites other than the fallopian tube are rarely encountered in ectopic pregnancies. No cases of an implantation in the cervical muscular layer had been reported at this writing. CASE: A 32-year-old woman, gravida 1, para 0, induced abortion 1, was admitted to our hospital with the suspicion of ...
Grimbizis Grigoris - - 2006
Case studies of five consecutive patients with cervical pregnancy treated with a standard protocol are presented. The aim was to evaluate the place of evacuation with curettage followed or not by cervical tamponade as an additional modality in patients with cervical pregnancies treated initially with methotrexate (MTX). The five patients ...
Chiossi Giuseppe - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) plays a fundamental role in cervical ripening and it is synthesized in the human cervix. We studied the effect of the dinoprostone on cervical NO release in pregnant women, and we investigated the relationship between cervical NO metabolites, cervical length, and Bishop score. METHODS: Seventy-seven women ...
Mercer Brian M - - 2006
This study was undertaken to determine whether women with recurrent spontaneous preterm births (rSPBs) have different clinical characteristics or systemic markers than those with isolated preterm (iSPBs) or recurrent term births (rTBs), when assessed remote from delivery. We compared clinical characteristics and findings (including cervical ultrasound, bacterial vaginosis, fetal fibronectin), ...
Tsoi E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In women presenting with threatened preterm labor, both fetal fibronectin and sonographic measurement of cervical length have been shown to distinguish between true and false labor. The aim of this study was to determine whether the combination of both tests provides a better prediction than the individual tests alone. ...
Caluwaerts S - - 2006
Although cervical carcinoma is among the most frequently encountered malignancies during pregnancy, only four cases of neoadjuvant chemotherapy during pregnancy have been reported. A 28-year-old A0P1G2M0 was diagnosed at 15 weeks with stage Ib1 invasive squamous cervical cancer. Because she strongly desired the continuation of this pregnancy, after extensive counseling ...
Daskalakis George - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of emergency cerclage in cases with dilated cervix and protruding fetal membranes in a group of women considered at low risk for preterm delivery by their obstetric histories. METHODS: All cases of cervical dilatation and bulging membranes were detected through a transvaginal ultrasonographic screening for ...
Pires C R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) in the general population and the measurement of the cervix length, cervical funneling, and absence of the cervical gland area (CGA). METHOD: A prospective cohort of 338 women carrying uncomplicated pregnancies was evaluated by transvaginal sonography between 21 and 24 ...
Starita A - - 2006
The case of a patient with cervical pregnancy diagnosed by ultrasound (US) at nine weeks of gestation is described. US showed a cavity of 4.5 x 3.5 cm in diameter located on the right lateral wall of the cervix containing trophoblasts. In order to preserve the patient's fertility conservative treatment ...
Cleary-Goldman Jane - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the management of postterm pregnancy by contemporary practicing obstetricians. A questionnaire investigating practice patterns pertaining to postterm pregnancy was mailed to 1000 randomly selected American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Fellows and Junior Fellows in March 2004. The response rate was ...
Starita A - - 2006
Cervical pregnancy is a rare kind of intrauterine ectopic pregnancy. Diagnosis and treatment of cervical pregnancy have enormously changed in the last 15 years. Before 1980, diagnosis was made when dilation and curettage for presumed incomplete abortion resulted in sudden and uncontrollable hemorrhage. Hysterectomy was practiced in order to save ...
Traen K - - 2006
Approximately 0.05% of pregnancies are complicated with cervical cancer. Treatment of this malignancy during pregnancy depends on the stage of disease and gestational age at the time of diagnosis. In women with Stage IB cervical cancer immediate treatment, without regard to the pregnancy, is traditionally advocated in the first and ...
Ujvari E - - 2006
Use of in vitro fertilization techniques increases the frequency of pathological implantation. However, simultaneous pregnancies are a rarity. Ectopic implantation of the embryo may occur in the cervical canal. This is the first case report, which describes successful management of an intrauterine twin pregnancy which occurred simultaneously with a cervical ...
Schmitz Thomas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether selective use of fetal fibronectin detection after ultrasound measurement of cervical length predicts preterm delivery in symptomatic patients better than either indicator alone. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective blinded study performed both tests on 359 women hospitalized for preterm labor between ...
Romero Roberto - - 2006
This editorial critically examines the definition of "cervical insufficiency." The definition, the clinical ascertainment, efforts to develop an objective method of diagnosis, as well as the nature of cervical disease leading to spontaneous mid-trimester spontaneous abortion and preterm delivery are reviewed. The value and limitations of cervical sonography as a ...
Lim Erle Chuen-Hian - - 2006
We describe cervical dystonia occurring in a 31-year-old, previously well, primigravid, primiparous Chinese woman at 4 weeks' amenorrhea, which was ameliorated with low-dose clonazepam and disappeared completely by the end of the second trimester without recurring despite her being tapered off benzodiazepine therapy. Investigations were unremarkable for structural and biochemical ...
Kavanagh J - - 2006
Dilatation and effacement of the cervix are not only a result of uterine contractions, but are also dependent upon ripening processes within the cervix. The cervix is a fibrous organ composed principally of hyaluronic acid, collagen and proteoglycan. Hyaluronic acid increases markedly after the onset of labour. An increase in ...
Leung T N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of a single cervical length measurement by transvaginal sonography (TVS) at the time of mid-trimester anomaly scan for predicting spontaneous preterm delivery (SPD) among Chinese women. METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out involving 2880 subjects with singleton pregnancies and confirmed gestational age. Cervical ...
Vayssi?re C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the accuracy of ultrasound cervical assessment (cervical length and cervical index) and digital examination (Bishop score and cervical score) in the prediction of spontaneous birth before 34 weeks in twin pregnancies. METHODS: In a prospective multicenter study, digital examination and transvaginal sonography were performed consecutively in ...
Hayashi Akiko - - 2005
We present a fetus with progressive massive subcutaneous lymphangiomas leading to intrauterine death. A 28-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of a precordial cystic mass of the fetus. An ultrasound revealed lymphangiomas extending from bilateral axillae to the anterior chest wall. At 18 weeks' gestation, amniocentesis was performed ...
Mantzaris Debbie - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of sexing fetal cells isolated from cervical mucus. Immunopositive cells identified using a fetal-specific antibody were isolated and subjected to genetic analysis. Fetal sex was predicted in all 22 samples, as confirmed by analysis of the corresponding placental tissue. This ...
Muller Carolyn Y - - 2005
This article reviews the key concepts regarding the counseling and management of cervical dysplasia and invasive cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy. Emphasis is placed on balancing the maternal and fetal well-being in collaboration with appropriate multidisciplinary teams. Information regarding appropriate diagnosis strategies and the impact of delay in treatment, subsequent ...
Sciscione Anthony - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate whether the presence of a positive fetal fibronectin (> or = 50 ng/mL) in nulliparous women undergoing preinduction cervical ripening with the intracervical Foley catheter predicted vaginal birth. METHODS: This was a prospective blinded observational trial of nulliparous women undergoing preinduction cervical ripening. We excluded ...
Zupkó I - - 2005
The pregnancy-induced rapid degeneration of the adrenergic nerves innervating the uterus is a well-known but poorly understood phenomenon. Since most of the published investigations were carried out by histological assay, our aim was to describe the loss of the adrenergic function during pregnancy and the re-innervational procedure in the postpartum ...
Park Sung Min - - 2005
Childhood intervertebral disk calcification is a rare clinical entity. Although its clinical course is usually benign, nerve root irritation or spinal cord compression can occasionally occur. We present the clinical and radiologic findings of a 9-year-old boy with cervical radiculopathy due to a herniated calcified intervertebral disk, which developed suddenly ...
Mercorio Francesco - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cervical fetal fibronectin is a reliable predictor of first trimester pregnancy outcome in patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriage. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study was carried out on 49 pregnant women with a history of unexplained recurrent miscarriage. In all participants the presence of fetal fibronectin ...
Acharya Ganesh - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a noninvasive cerclage pessary in the management of cervical incompetence. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of all pregnant women treated for cervical incompetence during a 4-year period. Women with known risk factors for preterm ...
van Rijswijk Suzanne - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of cervical length (CL) measurements in pregnant women at risk for preterm delivery on intervention and pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Regional high-level II maternity unit. METHODS: Hospital databases were reviewed for all women delivering between March 2001 and March 2003. Women at an ...
Feyi-Waboso P A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There have been relatively few reports on the outcome of cervical cerclage performed in non-tertiary centres. The aim of this study was to determine the pregnancy complications and outcome in patients following cervical cerclage. METHODS: Seventy-one patients who had 103 pregnancies and underwent cervical cerclage at Women's Hospital, Aba ...
Tingåker Berith K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence of the general neuronal marker protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) in the human corpus (isthmus region) and the cervix uteri during pregnancy and parturition STUDY DESIGN: Biopsies were taken from the upper edge of the hysterotomy during caesarean section (CS) at term (n=5), in ...
Papka R E - - 2006
The uterine cervix is highly innervated by the sensory nerves containing neuropeptides which change during pregnancy and are regulated, in part, by estrogen. These neuropeptides act as transmitters both in the spinal cord and cervix. The present study was undertaken to determine the expression pattern of the neuropeptide pituitary adenylate ...
Chi John H - - 2005
Pregnancy is a recognized risk factor for quiescent vertebral hemangiomas becoming symptomatic; this usually occurs during the 3rd month of gestation. The natural history of these lesions is poorly understood, and treatment practices must consider the overall safety of the mother and fetus. The authors report a case of cervical ...
Tintner R R Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2005
To compare autonomic effects of botulinum toxin (BTX), we randomized patients with cervical dystonia to receive either BTX-A or BTX-B in a double-blind manner. Efficacy and physiologic questionnaire measures of autonomic function were assessed at baseline and 2 weeks after injection. Patients treated with BTX-B had less saliva production (p ...
Boss E A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Radical trachelectomy is a surgical procedure for early-stage cervical carcinoma with preservation of the childbearing capacity. The current article presents a review of studies describing the results and complications of pregnancies after this procedure. METHODS: Sixteen studies were included (involving 355 radical trachelectomy procedures). Studies were reviewed for the ...
Väisänen-Tommiska Mervi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The cells of the human uterine cervix synthesize nitric oxide, which may be a factor in cervical ripening. We studied the effect of misoprostol on cervical nitric oxide release in nonpregnant and pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-two nonpregnant (n=15) and pregnant (n=57; 26 in early pregnancy, 31 in late ...
Fait Gideon - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the application of transvaginal sonography assessment of cervical length before fetal reduction for predicting spontaneous preterm birth in triplet gestations reduced to twins. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the ultrasound unit of a university-affiliated municipal hospital. The study cohort consisted of 25 women with triplet ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2005
In the last few years, ultrasound of the cervix during pregnancy has been the focus of much research. Significant advances have been made in its technique and in understanding the proper role of this procedure in several clinical settings. This article reviews the evidence for the clinical role of transvaginal ...
Baxter Jason K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if a reinforcing cerclage improves outcome in women with a history-indicated cerclage who develop a short cervix on ultrasound. STUDY DESIGN: The management of women with a history-indicated transvaginal cerclage who subsequently developed a short cervix (< or = 25 mm) ...
Bravaccini S - - 2005
To evaluate the potential use of the immunohistochemical expression of telomerase and the measurement of its activity as diagnostic tools in the uterine cervix. The fluorescent telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay was used to evaluate telomerase activity in a series of 43 cervical scrapings. Twenty five cases were cytologically ...
Van Calsteren K - - 2005
Pregnancy represents an exceptional opportunity for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer since visual inspection, cytological examination and bimanual palpation are considered to be part of routine antenatal care. An abnormal cervical smear should generally be managed as in the non-pregnant state. However, colposcopy and biopsies are mainly intended to ...
Sakamoto Yoshiharu - - 2005
To clarify the role of leucocytes in human cervical ripening and dilatation, cervical biopsies were obtained from six non-pregnant women, eight women undergoing early termination of pregnancy, 18 pregnant women undergoing elective Caesarean section at term (both with and without a ripe cervix as determined by Bishop score) and 11 ...
Vilos George A - - 2005
In the last decade, advancements have been made in hysteroscopic techniques, instrumentation and indications. Vaginoscopic hysteroscopy is performed without medication, cervical dilation and use of vaginal speculum or cervical tenaculum. To prevent complications during uterine access, both misoprostol and laminaria are equally effective for cervical priming. The use of normal ...
Vilos George - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe therapy of a 10.5-week viable cervical pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: An academic medical center. PATIENT(S): A 38-year-old women with cervical pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): Transfemoral bilateral uterine artery embolization followed by resectoscopic evacuation of the gestational products. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Resolution of products of conception and serum beta-hCG ...
Jabre Patricia - - 2005
The objective of this study was to assess effectiveness of gum elastic bougie (GEB) in case of difficult intubation occurring in the prehospital settings. After manikin training to GEB handling, physicians were recommended to use GEB as first alternative technique in case of difficult intubation. Intubating conditions and details of ...
Plante Marie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the obstetrical results following vaginal radical trachelectomy (VRT), a fertility-preserving surgery in the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: Retrospective review of our first 72 patients treated by a laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy followed by a VRT from October 1991 to October 2003 with regards to their reproductive ...
Aronsson Annette - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of vaginally and orally administered misoprostol on the local cervical inflammatory response. METHODS: Healthy women with a normal intrauterine pregnancy between 8 and 12 weeks of gestation presenting for an elective termination of pregnancy by vacuum aspiration were ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >