Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1174
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Kavanagh J - - 2006
Dilatation and effacement of the cervix are not only a result of uterine contractions, but are also dependent upon ripening processes within the cervix. The cervix is a fibrous organ composed principally of hyaluronic acid, collagen and proteoglycan. Hyaluronic acid increases markedly after the onset of labour. An increase in ...
Leung T N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of a single cervical length measurement by transvaginal sonography (TVS) at the time of mid-trimester anomaly scan for predicting spontaneous preterm delivery (SPD) among Chinese women. METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out involving 2880 subjects with singleton pregnancies and confirmed gestational age. Cervical ...
Vayssi?re C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the accuracy of ultrasound cervical assessment (cervical length and cervical index) and digital examination (Bishop score and cervical score) in the prediction of spontaneous birth before 34 weeks in twin pregnancies. METHODS: In a prospective multicenter study, digital examination and transvaginal sonography were performed consecutively in ...
Hayashi Akiko - - 2005
We present a fetus with progressive massive subcutaneous lymphangiomas leading to intrauterine death. A 28-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of a precordial cystic mass of the fetus. An ultrasound revealed lymphangiomas extending from bilateral axillae to the anterior chest wall. At 18 weeks' gestation, amniocentesis was performed ...
Mantzaris Debbie - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of sexing fetal cells isolated from cervical mucus. Immunopositive cells identified using a fetal-specific antibody were isolated and subjected to genetic analysis. Fetal sex was predicted in all 22 samples, as confirmed by analysis of the corresponding placental tissue. This ...
Muller Carolyn Y - - 2005
This article reviews the key concepts regarding the counseling and management of cervical dysplasia and invasive cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy. Emphasis is placed on balancing the maternal and fetal well-being in collaboration with appropriate multidisciplinary teams. Information regarding appropriate diagnosis strategies and the impact of delay in treatment, subsequent ...
Sciscione Anthony - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate whether the presence of a positive fetal fibronectin (> or = 50 ng/mL) in nulliparous women undergoing preinduction cervical ripening with the intracervical Foley catheter predicted vaginal birth. METHODS: This was a prospective blinded observational trial of nulliparous women undergoing preinduction cervical ripening. We excluded ...
Zupkó I - - 2005
The pregnancy-induced rapid degeneration of the adrenergic nerves innervating the uterus is a well-known but poorly understood phenomenon. Since most of the published investigations were carried out by histological assay, our aim was to describe the loss of the adrenergic function during pregnancy and the re-innervational procedure in the postpartum ...
Park Sung Min - - 2005
Childhood intervertebral disk calcification is a rare clinical entity. Although its clinical course is usually benign, nerve root irritation or spinal cord compression can occasionally occur. We present the clinical and radiologic findings of a 9-year-old boy with cervical radiculopathy due to a herniated calcified intervertebral disk, which developed suddenly ...
Mercorio Francesco - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cervical fetal fibronectin is a reliable predictor of first trimester pregnancy outcome in patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriage. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study was carried out on 49 pregnant women with a history of unexplained recurrent miscarriage. In all participants the presence of fetal fibronectin ...
Acharya Ganesh - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a noninvasive cerclage pessary in the management of cervical incompetence. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of all pregnant women treated for cervical incompetence during a 4-year period. Women with known risk factors for preterm ...
van Rijswijk Suzanne - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of cervical length (CL) measurements in pregnant women at risk for preterm delivery on intervention and pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Regional high-level II maternity unit. METHODS: Hospital databases were reviewed for all women delivering between March 2001 and March 2003. Women at an ...
Feyi-Waboso P A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There have been relatively few reports on the outcome of cervical cerclage performed in non-tertiary centres. The aim of this study was to determine the pregnancy complications and outcome in patients following cervical cerclage. METHODS: Seventy-one patients who had 103 pregnancies and underwent cervical cerclage at Women's Hospital, Aba ...
Tingåker Berith K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence of the general neuronal marker protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) in the human corpus (isthmus region) and the cervix uteri during pregnancy and parturition STUDY DESIGN: Biopsies were taken from the upper edge of the hysterotomy during caesarean section (CS) at term (n=5), in ...
Papka R E - - 2006
The uterine cervix is highly innervated by the sensory nerves containing neuropeptides which change during pregnancy and are regulated, in part, by estrogen. These neuropeptides act as transmitters both in the spinal cord and cervix. The present study was undertaken to determine the expression pattern of the neuropeptide pituitary adenylate ...
Chi John H - - 2005
Pregnancy is a recognized risk factor for quiescent vertebral hemangiomas becoming symptomatic; this usually occurs during the 3rd month of gestation. The natural history of these lesions is poorly understood, and treatment practices must consider the overall safety of the mother and fetus. The authors report a case of cervical ...
Tintner R R Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2005
To compare autonomic effects of botulinum toxin (BTX), we randomized patients with cervical dystonia to receive either BTX-A or BTX-B in a double-blind manner. Efficacy and physiologic questionnaire measures of autonomic function were assessed at baseline and 2 weeks after injection. Patients treated with BTX-B had less saliva production (p ...
Boss E A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Radical trachelectomy is a surgical procedure for early-stage cervical carcinoma with preservation of the childbearing capacity. The current article presents a review of studies describing the results and complications of pregnancies after this procedure. METHODS: Sixteen studies were included (involving 355 radical trachelectomy procedures). Studies were reviewed for the ...
Väisänen-Tommiska Mervi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The cells of the human uterine cervix synthesize nitric oxide, which may be a factor in cervical ripening. We studied the effect of misoprostol on cervical nitric oxide release in nonpregnant and pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-two nonpregnant (n=15) and pregnant (n=57; 26 in early pregnancy, 31 in late ...
Fait Gideon - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the application of transvaginal sonography assessment of cervical length before fetal reduction for predicting spontaneous preterm birth in triplet gestations reduced to twins. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the ultrasound unit of a university-affiliated municipal hospital. The study cohort consisted of 25 women with triplet ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2005
In the last few years, ultrasound of the cervix during pregnancy has been the focus of much research. Significant advances have been made in its technique and in understanding the proper role of this procedure in several clinical settings. This article reviews the evidence for the clinical role of transvaginal ...
Baxter Jason K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if a reinforcing cerclage improves outcome in women with a history-indicated cerclage who develop a short cervix on ultrasound. STUDY DESIGN: The management of women with a history-indicated transvaginal cerclage who subsequently developed a short cervix (< or = 25 mm) ...
Bravaccini S - - 2005
To evaluate the potential use of the immunohistochemical expression of telomerase and the measurement of its activity as diagnostic tools in the uterine cervix. The fluorescent telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay was used to evaluate telomerase activity in a series of 43 cervical scrapings. Twenty five cases were cytologically ...
Van Calsteren K - - 2005
Pregnancy represents an exceptional opportunity for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer since visual inspection, cytological examination and bimanual palpation are considered to be part of routine antenatal care. An abnormal cervical smear should generally be managed as in the non-pregnant state. However, colposcopy and biopsies are mainly intended to ...
Sakamoto Yoshiharu - - 2005
To clarify the role of leucocytes in human cervical ripening and dilatation, cervical biopsies were obtained from six non-pregnant women, eight women undergoing early termination of pregnancy, 18 pregnant women undergoing elective Caesarean section at term (both with and without a ripe cervix as determined by Bishop score) and 11 ...
Vilos George A - - 2005
In the last decade, advancements have been made in hysteroscopic techniques, instrumentation and indications. Vaginoscopic hysteroscopy is performed without medication, cervical dilation and use of vaginal speculum or cervical tenaculum. To prevent complications during uterine access, both misoprostol and laminaria are equally effective for cervical priming. The use of normal ...
Vilos George - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe therapy of a 10.5-week viable cervical pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: An academic medical center. PATIENT(S): A 38-year-old women with cervical pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): Transfemoral bilateral uterine artery embolization followed by resectoscopic evacuation of the gestational products. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Resolution of products of conception and serum beta-hCG ...
Jabre Patricia - - 2005
The objective of this study was to assess effectiveness of gum elastic bougie (GEB) in case of difficult intubation occurring in the prehospital settings. After manikin training to GEB handling, physicians were recommended to use GEB as first alternative technique in case of difficult intubation. Intubating conditions and details of ...
Plante Marie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the obstetrical results following vaginal radical trachelectomy (VRT), a fertility-preserving surgery in the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: Retrospective review of our first 72 patients treated by a laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy followed by a VRT from October 1991 to October 2003 with regards to their reproductive ...
Yoshino Kiyoshi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe a huge congenital cervical rhabdomyosarcoma. METHODS: We were recently confronted with a case of fetal solid neck mass arising in one fetus of a twin pregnancy. Prenatally, the cervical tumor was consistent with teratoma, but it was diagnosed histologically as a rhabdomyosarcoma. Genetic amniocentesis showed a mosaic ...
Aronsson Annette - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of vaginally and orally administered misoprostol on the local cervical inflammatory response. METHODS: Healthy women with a normal intrauterine pregnancy between 8 and 12 weeks of gestation presenting for an elective termination of pregnancy by vacuum aspiration were ...
Hatakeyama Yoshiyuki - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate postsurgical periodontal probe penetration by using clinical information and histometric data. Thirty-eight three-walled defects were created in four dogs, then maintained for 3 months. Subsequently, 26 defects were subjected to periodontal surgery (surgical group), while 12 defects served as controls. The dogs ...
Katz Michael - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to review pregnancy course and outcome in 56 pregnancies after the placement of a cervicoisthmic cerclage transvaginally. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-three pregnant patients with unique indications such as previous failure of conventional cerclages or compromised cervical anatomy, underwent transvaginal placement of a cervicoisthmic cerclage during pregnancy. ...
Ozdemir Ismail - - 2005
AIMS: To compare transvaginal and transperineal ultrasonography in the assessment of cervical length and cervical changes in normal gravid patients at each trimester. METHODS: Transperineal and transvaginal ultrasonographic cervical length was measured on 104 asymptomatic pregnant women between 10 and 14, 20-24, and 30-34 weeks' gestation and the presence of ...
Roman Ashley S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of sonographically indicated cerclage in multiple gestations with sonographic evidence of short cervical length (CL). METHODS: Between 1996 and 2002, all multiple gestations undergoing serial CL determinations in the second trimester were identified in 2 separate institutions. Cervical lengths ...
Meath Amy J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare cervical length and induced shortening changes during gestation among singleton, twin, and triplet pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-two healthy gravidas (12 singleton, 13 twin, and 7 triplet pregnancies) between 17 and 20 weeks' gestation were prospectively enrolled in this longitudinal investigation of cervical length. Serial transperineal cervical length ...
Lacour Robin A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) is a precursor of invasive disease that is being more frequently diagnosed during the reproductive years. Few reports have described the treatment of this condition in gravid women. The purpose of this study was to review our collective experience managing cervical AIS during pregnancy. STUDY ...
Mercorio Francesco - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Fetal fibronectin (FFN) in cervical secretion is one of the most effective markers of pre-term and term delivery. The presence of FFN in cervicovaginal secretions has recently been shown to reflect cervical state and an uncomplicated induction of labor at term. This study was designed to determine whether FFN ...
Mesogitis Spiros - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate conservative management of early viable cervical pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: A tertiary teaching hospital. POPULATION: All cases of cervical pregnancies with fetal cardiac activity presenting to our hospital over six years. METHODS: All cases were managed with trans-abdominal intra-amniotic injection of 25 mg of methotrexate under ...
Hasegawa Akitoshi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Lactoferrin, an iron-binding glycoprotein found in cervical mucus and amniotic fluid, plays a defensive role against mucosal infections. This study examined the effect of recombinant human lactoferrin on preterm delivery in a rabbit model. STUDY DESIGN: Anesthetized rabbits were randomly assigned to receive either inoculation with Escherichia coli or ...
Cusick William - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Three cases of anaphylactoid syndrome of pregnancy developed in association with the use of intracervical dinoprostone for cervical ripening. CASES: All cases occurred at our institution between October 1996 and February 2001. The patients developed respiratory symptoms shortly after placement of 0.25 mg of intracervical dinoprostone gel. Hemodynamic changes, ...
Althuisius Sietske M - - 2005
Transvaginal cervical cerclage was introduced as a treatment for cervical incompetence in 1951. Over the years, our understanding of this clinical entity has changed tremendously, which has implications for obstetric management. This review focuses on the obstetric management of women considered to be at high risk of preterm delivery due ...
Gomez Ricardo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a relationship between sonographic cervical length and the presence of culture-proven microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity in women with preterm labor and intact membranes. STUDY DESIGN: Ultrasonography and amniocentesis were performed in 401 patients admitted with preterm ...
Edwards Rodney K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if cervical fluid antibody concentrations can enhance the value of cervical length in predicting risk of preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We obtained cervical fluid samples with preweighed cellulose wicks from a prospective cohort of women 23 to 32 weeks' gestation with ...
Garfield Robert E - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Review the uterine electromyography (EMG) and cervical light-induced fluorescence (LIF) devices and their role in the evaluation of uterine and cervical function in comparison with present methods. DESIGN: Review of recent studies. SETTING: University of Texas Medical Branch Labour and Delivery Clinics. POPULATION: Various groups of pregnant women. METHODS: ...
Tudur-Smith Catrin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cervical cerclage is a surgical procedure involving suturing the cervix with a purse type stitch to keep it closed during pregnancy. This procedure has been used widely in the management of pregnancies considered at high risk of preterm delivery. Several observational studies into the efficacy of cervical cerclage have ...
Tsapanos Vassilios S - - 2005
Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a late or emergency (salvage) cerclage after tissue reinforcement with Pelvicol natural implant, in preventing premature rupture of the fetal membranes and advancing pregnancy prolongation. A flat sheet of Pelvicol, a sterile acellular natural (porcine) implant was used in an emergency cerclage ...
Connolly Thomas P - - 2005
Atypical glandular cells (AGC) in Papanicolaou (Pap) smears can be associated with premalignant and malignant cervical and endometrial lesions. AGC is difficult to diagnose in pregnancy due to confusion with normal cellular changes that accompany graviditas. While guidelines have been established for management of AGC cases in the non-pregnant patient, ...
Klemm Petra - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Radical trachelectomy in combination with pelvic and parametric lymphadenectomy is indicated in young patients with early cervical cancer and planned pregnancy. If pregnancy occurs, premature delivery is a known problem in these patients. We evaluated if uterine blood supply is decreased after radical trachelectomy as one of various possible ...
Germann N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and to discuss the management of women presenting with an invasive cervical cancer during pregnancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients treated for an invasive cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy between 1985 and 2000 in our institution. ...
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