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Ringwelski Jennifer M - - 2013
Multiple artificial inseminations (AI) are used in swine to compensate for variation in time of ovulation and following each insemination, a uterine immune response occurs to remove dead and damaged sperm. There are more dead and damaged sperm inseminated with use of frozen-thawed-semen (FTS) and closer insemination intervals are required ...
Wacker-Gußmann Annette - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Magnesium deficiency in pregnancy is frequent, and in consequence magnesium supplementation is widely used. As magnesium crosses the placental barrier and since the fetal kidney does not excrete magnesium as efficiently as the mature kidney, effects on fetal cardiac time intervals are probable, but still unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty ...
Musselman Jessica R B JR Department of Pediatrics, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2013
Hepatoblastoma is a rare childhood liver cancer with an obscure etiology, however it is potentially associated with selected pregnancy events and hepatoblastoma risk in offspring. Adjusted unconditional logistic regression estimated odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for self-reported pregnancy events and medication use in a sample of ...
Mousiolis Athanasios - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) administration is thought to enhance in the cervical ripening process. We sought to identify the clinical usefulness and safety of IMN administration for shortening the time to termination of the second trimester pregnancy procedures when used in addition to misoprostol. STUDY DESIGN: Women were randomly selected ...
Mehran Ladan - - 2013
Background. Due to many physiological changes during pregnancy, interpretation of thyroid function tests needs trimester-specific reference intervals for a specific population. There is no normative data documented for thyroid hormones on healthy pregnant women in Iran. The present survey was conducted to determine trimester-specific reference ranges for serum TSH, thyroxine ...
Sak M E - - 2013
To investigate the factors that may affect the time interval between induction and fetal expulsion in misoprostol-induced termination of second trimester pregnancy. A retrospective analysis of second-trimester pregnancies terminated in the second trimester between October 2008 and 2010 was performed. Induction was done by administration of 400 mcg intravaginal misoprostol. ...
Wang Jayson J Sarcoma Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, London SW3 6JJ, UK ; Department of Histopathology, Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, 203 Fulham Road, London SW3 6JJ, - - 2013
Primary de novo angiosarcoma of the breast is an uncommon, aggressive neoplasm. Here, we present a case of a young woman who initially developed primary angiosarcoma of the breast, and subsequently angiosarcoma of the ovary during pregnancy two years later. Only two confirmed primary angiosarcomas of the breast metastasizing specifically ...
Leung Tak Yeung - - 2012
Fetal distress is an emergency condition requiring rapid caesarean delivery. Hence, it has been recommended that the decision-to-delivery interval should be within 30 mins. Many previous studies have failed to show any improved outcome with short decision-to-delivery interval. The reasons are (1) most of these studies were of small scale and ...
Huo Xiao-Xu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The study evaluated effects of interpregnancy interval (IPI) on neonatal outcomes after mifepristone-induced abortion in the first pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This observational cohort study, conducted from 1998 to 2001 at antenatal clinics in Shanghai, Beijing, and Chengdu, China, included 4682 nulliparous women with one mifepristone-induced abortion in their first ...
Iliyasu Zubairu Z Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital & Bayero University, Kano, - - 2012
Malaria in pregnancy is associated with substantial risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The uptake of preventive antimalarials is low in malaria endemic countries, including Nigeria. Using a crosssectional study design, we assessed factors associated with uptake and adherence to intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) ...
O'Brien Louise M LM Department of Neurology, Sleep Disorders Center, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2012
This study aimed to prospectively examine the impact of chronic vs pregnancy-onset habitual snoring on gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. Third-trimester pregnant women were recruited from a large, tertiary medical center from March 2007 through December 2010 and screened for the presence and duration of habitual snoring, as a ...
Love Eleanor R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether maternal hypertension in pregnancy was independently associated with additional support needs in children. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using linkage of birth records of all singleton deliveries occurring in primigravidae between 1995 and 2008 in Aberdeen Maternity and Neonatal Databank with the Support Needs System (SNS) ...
Gomez-Lobo Veronica - - 2012
: Intestinal transplantation is a relatively new form of therapy for short gut syndrome. Pregnancy after intestinal transplantation is rare. : A 26-year-old small bowel transplant recipient presented for prenatal care. She previously had undergone bariatric surgery and later experienced small bowel necrosis and resection. The resulting short gut syndrome ...
Qamar Saima S Department of Gynaecology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan. - - 2012
Induction of labour is the intentional initiation of cervical ripening and uterine contraction for the purpose of accomplishing delivery, prior to onset of spontaneous parturition. This study was conducted to compare maternal and neonatal outcome in women induced with Prostaglandin E2 gel, Prostaglandin E2 pessary and extra-amniotic saline infusion with ...
Man Shuk-Li SL Research Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are commonly prescribed for epilepsy and bipolar disorder but little is known about their use in pregnancy. We examined secular trends in AED prescribing in pregnancy and pregnancy as a determinant for stopping AED prescribing. We identified 174,055 pregnancies from The Health Improvement Network UK primary care ...
Ituk U - - 2011
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is a rare X-linked disorder in which female carriers are usually heterozygous for the ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency gene. In pregnancy it has been associated with altered mental status, seizures, coma and death, especially in the postpartum period. We report the management of labor and delivery in two ...
Boland Elena - - 2011
Massive small bowel infarction in pregnancy is rare but has devastating complications. Diagnosis is difficult because pregnancy masks the symptoms. Our aim was to assess risk factors and outcomes of massive resection associated with pregnancy. We conducted a review of nine patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) secondary to massive ...
Christian Lisa M LM Department of Psychiatry, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2012
It is well-established that psychological stress promotes immune dysregulation in nonpregnant humans and animals. Stress promotes inflammation, impairs antibody responses to vaccination, slows wound healing, and suppresses cell-mediated immune function. Importantly, the immune system changes substantially to support healthy pregnancy, with attenuation of inflammatory responses and impairment of cell-mediated immunity. ...
Haberman S - - 2011
To describe the association between ultrasound-based determination of fetal head station and clinical assessment of cervical dilatation during active labor. From 427 women with singleton uncomplicated term pregnancies we obtained, during the active phase of labor, 907 pairs of measurements. Fetal head station and position were determined using the LaborPro ...
Avise John C - - 2011
We summarize the literature on rates of multiple paternity and sire numbers per clutch in viviparous fishes vs. mammals, two vertebrate groups in which pregnancy is common but entails very different numbers of embryos (for species surveyed, piscine broods averaged >10-fold larger than mammalian litters). As deduced from genetic parentage ...
Martins Wellington P - - 2011
Assisted hatching (AH) is a manipulation of zona pellucida aiming to facilitate embryo implantation. Systematic review and meta-analysis of medical literature was used to evaluate the effect of AH on assisted reproduction outcomes: clinical pregnancy, live birth, multiple pregnancy and miscarriage. Additional analysis was performed in these subgroups: (i) fresh ...
Signore Caroline - - 2011
The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development sponsored a 2-day workshop to assess the body of evidence on pregnancy in women with physical disabilities, identify gaps in knowledge, and formulate recommendations for further research. A multidisciplinary group of experts discussed available data on pregnancy outcomes ...
Finkelsztejn A A Department of Neurology, HC de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2011
Although several papers report on pregnancy and multiple sclerosis (MS), no systematic review of the literature has been carried out. Neurologists and obstetricians need to have proper information to discuss with women presenting with MS who consider pregnancy. Literature review and meta-analysis of data on pregnancy in women with MS. ...
Nagel C - - 2011
Abortion and preterm birth of foals are major reasons for reproductive losses in the horse. Risk pregnancies require close supervision so that adequate treatment can be initiated in time. The aim of this study was to determine normal values in heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) of the ...
Ishihara Osamu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer on ectopic pregnancy (EP) rate. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Japanese registry of assisted reproductive medicine. PATIENT(S): Women who were registered during 2008. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Rates of live birth, EP, and spontaneous abortion in single blastocyst and cleavage-stage ET ...
Berin Inna - - 2011
To evaluate clinical outcomes of frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles when one or two blastocysts are transferred. Retrospective chart review Two hundred forty-three frozen blastocyst transfer (FBT) cycles were analyzed. Clinical pregnancy rate (50.4% vs. 34.7%), live birth rate (45.8% vs. 30.6%), and twin live birth rate (19.3% vs. 0) were ...
Cook Jocelynn L - - 2011
Objective: It has been well-documented that the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) increases the risk for multiple births, which are associated with sub-optimal outcomes for pregnant women and their offspring. The occurrence of multiple births due to infertility treatments has been recognized as a significant problem globally, and a ...
Sandberg-Wollheim Magnhild - - 2011
Background: Women with multiple sclerosis (MS) are advised to discontinue interferon-beta therapy before trying to conceive. Unplanned pregnancies occur and risks related to exposure remain unclear. Methods: To determine pregnancy outcomes following interferon-beta therapy, we examined pregnancies from a global drug safety database containing individual case safety reports received in ...
Beer Lynn A LA Center for Systems and Computational Biology, The Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2011
Ectopic pregnancy (EP) and normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) serum proteomes were quantitatively compared to systematically identify candidate biomarkers. A 3-D biomarker discovery strategy consisting of abundant protein immunodepletion, SDS gels, LC-MS/MS, and label-free quantitation of MS signal intensities identified 70 candidate biomarkers with differences between groups greater than 2.5-fold. Further ...
Bloch Evan M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fetal microchimerism (F-MC), the persistence of fetal cells in the mother, is frequently encountered following pregnancy. The high prevalence of F-MC in autoimmune disease prompts consideration of the role for immune tolerance and regulation. This study examines the association between F-MC and multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disorder, of ...
Miles J R - - 2011
Sow productivity has a significant economic impact on the swine industry and is influenced by several factors, including preweaning piglet mortality. In Western breeds, low birth weight piglets exhibit the greatest susceptibility to preweaning mortality. In contrast, Meishan (MS) piglets have decreased birth weights but lower preweaning mortality rates, suggesting ...
Wang YanKui - - 2011
We sought to evaluate a conservative treatment modality, angiographic uterine artery embolization (UAE) followed by immediate curettage, in the treatment of cervical pregnancy. Sixteen patients with cervical pregnancy were first treated by UAE to control or prevent vaginal bleeding. Curettage of cervical canal was performed immediately after UAE to remove ...
Stuart Mari - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is often diagnosed among women of childbearing age. This article reviews how MS affects pregnancy and provides information for health care providers who care for women with this disorder. Women with MS need to be informed regarding how the disease will affect their reproductive health. The disease ...
Sedano-Balbás Sara - - 2011
The combination of thrombophilia and pregnancy increases the risk of thrombosis and the potential for adverse outcomes during pregnancy. The most significant common inherited risk factor for thrombophilia is activated protein C resistance (APCR), a poor anticoagulant response of APC in haemostasis, which is mainly caused by an inherited single-nucleotide ...
Muttukrishna Shanthi - - 2011
Recent data have indicated a relationship between placental oxygen and angiogenic protein levels in the first trimester of normal pregnancies. Our objective was to investigate if maternal serum levels of angiogenic factors Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor 1 (sFlt-1), soluble Endoglin and placental growth factor (PlGF) are altered ...
Lin Hao H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung City 833, - - 2011
Background. Small bowel ischemia due to superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (MVT) is rare during pregnancy. However, additional precipitating factors should usually be identified. Case. A 31-year-old woman, pregnant at 34 weeks, was sent to the emergency department because of acute peritonitis. An emergency exploration revealed a segmental gangrene of the ...
Finkelsztejn A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To report the results from the Brazilian database on multiple sclerosis (MS) and pregnancy. METHODS: Retrospective data from MS patients who became pregnant at any time of their disease were sent to a Brazilian database, using a specific file for this purpose. RESULTS: Data on 128 women (142 pregnancies) ...
Kennedy C - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine if a relationship exists between sperm parameters, measured by sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA), and spontaneous abortion and multiple births in couples undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. Retrospective analysis of infertility treatment outcomes and occurrence of spontaneous abortion and multiple births was conducted ...
Neuteboom Rinze F - - 2011
Background: During the third trimester of pregnancy multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity is reduced. It is not fully understood which factors mediate this disease amelioration. Objective: To study alterations of the monocyte transcriptome during pregnancy in MS patients, using a genomewide approach to identify differentially regulated genes. Methods: Women with ...
Soergel Philipp - - 2010
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is associated with genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and represents the precursor of cervical cancer. Established ablative treatment methods may cause substantial complications in following pregnancies including premature delivery and the birth of low-weight babies. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of CIN using esters of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) ...
Ulcova-Gallova Z - - 2010
Selected biochemical and immunological parameters of cervical ovulatory mucus collected at ovulation have been determined. These include the levels of glucose, fructose, immunoglobulins, C3, hormones, prostaglandin E2, Th1 and Th2 cytokines and antibodies to sperm (and the local effect of hydrocortisone treatment on their levels), zona pellucida, phospolipids and laminin-1. ...
Rahkonen Leena - - 2010
To evaluate whether matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) concentrations in cervical fluid in early and mid pregnancy are associated with subsequent preterm delivery (PTD) preceded by premature preterm rupture of membranes (PPROMs) or preterm labour (PTL) with intact membranes. Cervical swab samples were collected from 5180 women in early and mid pregnancy. ...
Kutlu P - - 2011
New legislation concerning assisted reproduction treatments was introduced in Turkey in March 2010 in order to reduce the number of multiple pregnancies. This new legislation limits the number of embryos to be transferred to one under 35years of age in the first or second treatment cycles and to two in ...
Kilpatrick Charlie C - - 2010
Prolapsed fibroids presenting in pregnancy are rare. Two cases of bleeding prolapsed fibroids, one cervical and the other submucosal, are presented to demonstrate the clinical features and outcomes following surgical treatment during pregnancy. While vaginal myomectomy of a prolapsed cervical fibroid in pregnancy appears safe, prolapse of a submucosal fibroid ...
Tang Ping-ping - - 2010
To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of cervical ectopic pregnancy. The clinical data of 27 patients with cervical ectopic pregnancy who were treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1990 to November 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical effectiveness of three fertility-preserved treatment modes were compared. Of these ...
Xu Xiang X Chemistry Department, New York University, New York 10003, - - 2010
Preterm birth occurs in 12.5% of births in the United States and can lead to risk of infant death or to lifelong serious health complications. A greater understanding by which the two main processes, uterine contraction and cervical remodeling are regulated is required to reduce rates of preterm birth. The ...
Hoevenaren I A - - 2011
Hoevenaren IA, de Vries LC, Rijnders RJP, Lotgering FK. Delivery of healthy babies after natalizumab use for multiple sclerosis: a report of two cases. Acta Neurol Scand: 2011: 123: 430-433. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Background -  In current literature, no data on safety in pregnancy for new drugs ...
Founta C C Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, - - 2010
To determine how the proportion of the cervical volume excised affects cervical regeneration. Prospective observational study. University Hospital. Women planning to undergo excisional treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia who wish to have future pregnancies. The cervical volume (and dimensions) is calculated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before treatment. The volume ...
Furtado Marcio R - - 2010
To assess the echogenicity of the cervical stroma and area surrounding the cervical canal (cervical gland area - CGA) using grey scale histogram (GSH) in pregnancies between 20 and 25 weeks. Cross-sectional study involving 149 pregnancies in the second trimester. Transvaginal sonography was performed to measure cervical length (biometric evaluation), ...
Hornung René - - 2011
Preterm labor is a common obstetric complication. Clinical evaluation of cervical ripening to predict preterm labor is very inaccurate. We used frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy (FD-NIRS) to non-invasively investigate the changes of the optical properties (i.e., absorption and scattering of light) in the uterine cervix during regular pregnancies. Optical properties of ...
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