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Rim Chol Ho - - 2013
To improve the efficiency of producing cloned pigs, we investigated the influence of the number of transferred embryos, the culturing interval between nuclear transfer (NT) and embryo transfer, and the transfer pattern (single oviduct or double oviduct) on cloning efficiency. The results demonstrated that transfer of either 150-200 or more ...
Hannam Kimberly - - 2013
To investigate the effects of maternal residential proximity to major roads on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Major road networks in North West England were linked to the maternal residence of 190,909 births (2004 to 2008). Distance between the residence and the nearest major road was calculated and dichotomized at 200 m. ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine reference intervals for the embryos/fetuses heart rate (HR) between 6 and 14 weeks of pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried in a single center with singleton pregnancies of embryos/fetuses with a crown-rump length (CRL) between 5 and 85 mm. The HR was assessed by ...
Stene-Larsen Kim K Department of Psychosomatics and Health Behaviors, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, - - 2013
To investigate whether maternal negative affectivity, a tendency to frequent negative emotions and views, is associated with light alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy. Cohort. Norway 1999-2008. The study includes complete information on 66 111 pregnant women and their partners. We used data from the Norwegian Mother and Child ...
Singh Abhishek - - 2013
In Nepal, 26%-38% of recent births are estimated to be from unintended pregnancies, but little is known whether these pregnancies have adverse consequences for the health of the mother and child. Data from the 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey are used to examine the hypothesis that unintended pregnancies are ...
Nanda Kavita - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of nevirapine-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) on combined oral contraceptive (COC) effectiveness. Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial. We enrolled HIV-infected women aged 18-35 years in South Africa and Uganda who had regular menses, were sexually active, and had no medical contraindications to COC use. We enrolled 196 women ...
Taal H Rob - - 2013
Foetal smoke exposure might lead to foetal developmental adaptations that permanently affect the cardiovascular system. We assessed the associations of both maternal and paternal smoking during pregnancy with childhood cardiovascular structures and function. Method In a prospective cohort study among 5565 children, we examined whether maternal and paternal smoking during ...
Doubilet Peter M - - 2013
Accurate pregnancy dating is important for diagnostic and management decisions during pregnancy. Dating by last menstrual period is less reliable than dating by ultrasound, since the former has memory-related and other sources of inaccuracy. Dating by first trimester ultrasound, via the crown-rump length, has a 95% confidence range of ±5 ...
Griesinger Georg G Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynecologic Endocrinology, University Clinic of Schleswig-Holstein, Luebeck, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
To compare the impact of elevated P during the late follicular phase on the chance of pregnancy in low, normal, and high responders. Retrospective combined analysis from six clinical trials. IVF centers. Women up to 39 years of age with a regular menstrual cycle and an indication for ovarian stimulation ...
Johnson Sarah R - - 2013
To assess a home pregnancy test's accuracy to concurrently detect pregnancy and determine pregnancy duration. Multicenter, prospective study. Study sites in the United States. Women actively attempting to conceive who have menstrual bleeds (18-45 years). Volunteers collected early morning urine samples (three or fewer menstrual cycles). Pregnant volunteers underwent ultrasound ...
Searle Leigh - - 2013
To determine whether mifepristone plus misoprostol was as effective as misoprostol with or without laminaria (depending on gestational age) for cervical preparation for second-trimester termination of pregnancy. A retrospective cohort study was carried out among women who underwent surgical termination between 14 and 19+6weeks of pregnancy. Those who received preoperative ...
Chai Joyce - - 2013
To assess the feasibility of adding letrozole to the standard regimen of mifepristone and misoprostol for termination of pregnancy up to 63 days. We recruited 50 subjects who had requested legal termination of pregnancy up to 63 days. Medical abortion was performed with a singe dose of 200mg mifepristone and ...
Hautero U - - 2013
Background/Objectives:The mother is an important mediator to the infant of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), the essential constituents of membranes particularly in the brain and retina. We here aimed in a prospective study initiated in early pregnancy to establish whether serum fatty acid (FA) compositions and concentrations in the mother can ...
von Wolff M - - 2013
Does intrauterine application of diluted seminal plasma (SP) at the time of ovum pick-up improve the pregnancy rate by ≥14% in IVF treatment? Intrauterine instillation of diluted SP at the time of ovum pick-up is unlikely to increase the pregnancy rate by ≥14% in IVF. SP modulates endometrial function, and ...
Khalid Azy S - - 2013
Thyroid disorders are common in women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Physiological changes in pregnancy and the lack of pregnancy-specific reference ranges make managing thyroid disorders in pregnancy challenging. Our aim was to establish trimester-specific thyroid function reference intervals throughout pregnancy, and to examine the ...
Wong Alan C AC Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
High carbohydrate intake has been linked to insulin resistance, obesity, and abnormal serum lipid profiles-conditions which favor gallstone formation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary carbohydrate intake on incident gallbladder disease, defined as biliary sludge and stones, during pregnancy. We prospectively studied 3070 pregnant ...
Johnson Kimberly J - - 2013
Background. Hepatoblastoma (HB) is a rare pediatric liver tumor that has significantly increased in incidence over the last several decades. The International Agency for Cancer Research (IARC) recently classified HB as a tobacco-related cancer. Parental alcohol use has shown no association. We examined associations between parental tobacco and alcohol use ...
Wang Min - - 2013
Pregnant women are at a hyper-coagulable state with a higher risk of deep venous thromboembolism(VTE) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), which could be life threatening. We established gestational age-specific reference intervals for D-dimer, and estimate the role of D-dimer test in ruling out VTE and DIC in pregnant women. We ...
Epstein Richard A RA Department of Psychiatry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37212, USA. - - 2013
To quantify the prevalence of prescribed opioid analgesics among pregnant women enrolled in Tennessee Medicaid from 1995 to 2009. Retrospective cohort study of 277,555 pregnancies identified from birth and fetal death certificates, and linked to previously validated, computerized pharmacy records. Poisson regression was used to estimate trends over time, rate ...
Temerinac Dunja - - 2013
The aim of this study was to provide information for better obstetric counseling by analyzing the impact of fetal birth weight (BW) on fetal and maternal outcome when vaginal birth is planned in a university hospital. In this retrospective study from January 1st 2006 to December 31st 2011, 5,177 singleton, ...
Patchen Loral - - 2013
To examine differences in prenatal depression among first-time mothers who had a subsequent pregnancy within 6 months of first birth and those who did not. Mothers with depression symptoms were expected to have a greater likelihood of rapid subsequent pregnancy. The Parenting for the First Time study is a longitudinal ...
O'Leary Colleen M - - 2013
This study explores the potential of data linkage to investigate the proportion of birth defects classified as alcohol-related (ARBD) by the Institutes of Medicine (IOM) that are attributable to maternal alcohol-use disorder. Maternal alcohol-use disorder was identified using International Classification of Diseases (9th and 10th revision) codes for alcohol-related diagnoses ...
Fan Jian-Xia - - 2013
The importance of diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy has been widely recognized. Our study was designed to compare two different detection reagents between Abbott and Roche and to establish the gestationalrelated reference intervals for thyroid function tests (TFT) in Chinese women and to assay the reference ranges with the ...
Haqnawaz Fauzia - - 2013
We performed this study to investigate and compare the effects of Letrozole and gonadotrophins versus Clomiphene Citrate and gonadotrophins in women undergoing superovulation for Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). We performed this prospective cohort study at Australian Concept and Fertility centre, Karachi Pakistan. Women younger than 40 years of age with patent ...
Brunner Huber Larissa R LR Department of Public Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA. - - 2013
Recently, there has been interest in developing a predictive measure to assess pregnancy readiness/intention in clinical settings. Two such measures have been created but tested primarily in pregnant or postpartum populations. This study examined agreement between the pregnancy readiness measures in a diverse population of nonpregnant women. Women completed short ...
Gemmill Alison A Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, - - 2013
To investigate the prevalence and correlates of short interpregnancy intervals in the United States. We analyzed pregnancy data from a nationally representative sample of 12,279 women from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth. We limited our sample to second and higher-order births within 5 years of the interview. Interpregnancy ...
Kuk Jin-Yi - - 2013
The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of a single course of antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) therapy on the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm twins according to the time interval between ACS administration and delivery. We performed a retrospective cohort study of twins born between 24 and ...
Jungheim Emily S ES Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63105, USA. - - 2013
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and their metabolism may be important in normal reproductive function and fertility. Associations between physiologic PUFAs and pregnancy have not been established in women. The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between serum levels of PUFAs and embryo implantation in women undergoing in vitro ...
Adiego B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and accuracy of nasal bone (NB) assessment in the retronasal triangle (RNT) view for aneuploidy screening in the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: Consecutive women with singleton pregnancies undergoing sonographic screening at 11-13 weeks of gestation were prospectively evaluated. In all cases, assessment of the ...
Satir Funda - - 2013
The main objective of this study was to compare the pregnancy rates of intramuscular (IM) 17-α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-HPC) and intravaginal (IV) progesterone gel administration in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. The IM 17-HPC and IV progesterone groups included 632 (66.4%) and 320 (33.6%) women undergoing the first cycles of ...
Silva-Del Valle Miguel Angel - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the impact of the Mediterranean diet (MD) on weight gain and obesity in pregnant women in Gran Canaria. Methods: Cross sectional study in 170 pregnant women We measured the adherence to the MD before and during pregnancy by a food frequency questionnaire. Body mass index (BMI) was ...
Grady Cynthia D CD University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
Unintended pregnancy has been significantly associated with subsequent female sterilization. Whether women who are sterilized after experiencing an unintended pregnancy are less likely to express desire for sterilization reversal is unknown. This study used national, cross-sectional data collected by the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth. The study sample included ...
Jwa Seung Chik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Research investigating the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and blood pressure (BP) during pregnancy is limited and its underlying pathway is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediators of the association between educational level as an indicator of the SES and BP in early and ...
Davis Esa M - - 2013
To investigate the relationship among parity, length of the inter-pregnancy intervals and excessive pregnancy weight gain in the first pregnancy and the risk of obesity. Using a prospective cohort study of 3,422 non-obese, non-pregnant US women aged 14-22 years at baseline, adjusted Cox models were used to estimate the association among ...
Shah Divya K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess pregnancy rates before and after a training intervention in which reproductive endocrinology and infertility fellows were required to perform 100 IUIs before performing ETs. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large, academic training program. PATIENT(S): Not applicable. INTERVENTION(S): Comparing pregnancy rates between two time periods: July 1998-June 2001 ...
Pearson Greg A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the range of, and influences on, the incision-delivery interval (IDI) and the impact on neonatal condition at delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected cohort data from all women delivered by caesarean section over 12 months in an obstetric unit delivering 6000 women per year. Prospective data ...
El Behery Manal M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interpregnancy interval after the first spontaneous abortion has an effect on reproductive performance of women in their next pregnancy. METHOD: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 4,619 women with history of spontaneous abortion in their first pregnancy. Of them 2,422 (52.4 %) conceived within 6 months of ...
Lindqvist Pg - - 2013
Abstract Objective Abnormal umbilical artery blood flow has been implicated in pregnancy complications and fetal demise. Its relation to histopathological changes in the placenta and to maternal or fetal thrombophilia is less well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between umbilical artery Doppler findings, placental ...
Rahman Mahbubur M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA. - - 2013
This study was conducted to examine the hypotheses that adolescent and young adult pregnancy test takers are at increased risk for unsafe sex, oral contraception (OC) nonadherence, and higher pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates. We conducted secondary analyses using data collected for a study on OC adherence among ...
Dagklis Themistoklis - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate the association of epidemiological and pregnancy-related parameters with the latency period achieved in cases of PPROM.Methods: A retrospective study was performed enrolling cases admitted in High Risk Pregnancy Unit (HRPU) with PPROM between 24 + 0 and 36 + 6 gestational week during 2002-2011. Cases with vaginal bleeding at admission, ...
Réger Barbara - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Normal pregnancy is associated with hypercoagulable state. Elevated markers of coagulation and fibrinolytic system activation indicate increased thrombin activity and increased fibrinolysis following fibrin formation throughout pregnancy. These changes exceed the biological variability in most cases. Haemostatic reference intervals are generally based on samples from non-pregnant women. Thus, they ...
Azizi Fereidoun - - 2013
Accurate assessment of thyroid status during pregnancy is vital for maternal and fetal health. Because free thyroxine (FT4) values in pregnancy vary widely between methods, assessment of total T4 (TT4) and FT4 index (FT4I) may be superior to FT4 in pregnant women. However, trimester-specific reference intervals for FT4I have not ...
McNicholas Colleen C Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2013
To estimate weather contraceptive failure rates among combined oral contraceptive pill (OCP), patch, and vaginal ring users was associated with increasing body mass index (BMI). Females enrolled in a large contraceptive study offering the reversible method of their choice at no cost were followed-up for 2-3 years. We compared the ...
Li Zhiwen - - 2013
Emerging evidence has suggested that folic acid-containing multivitamins may markedly reduce the risk of gestational hypertension or preeclampsia. We examined whether maternal supplementation with folic acid alone during early pregnancy can prevent the occurrence of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. The data are from a large population-based cohort study established to ...
Chang Suying - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To determine the impact of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in pregnancy on young child development.METHODS:A 2-year follow-up of 850 children born to women who participated in a double-blind cluster randomized controlled trial of prenatal micronutrient supplementation in western rural China. These women were randomly assigned to receive either daily folic ...
Haavaldsen Camilla - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of placental weight and placental weight/birthweight ratio with gestational age specific fetal death. DESIGN: Population-based study. Setting. Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Population. All singleton births in Norway, 1999-2008 (n=534 892) METHODS: Gestational age specific quartiles of placental weight and placental weight/birthweight ratio were estimated, ...
Ringwelski Jennifer M - - 2013
Multiple artificial inseminations (AI) are used in swine to compensate for variation in time of ovulation and following each insemination, a uterine immune response occurs to remove dead and damaged sperm. There are more dead and damaged sperm inseminated with use of frozen-thawed-semen (FTS) and closer insemination intervals are required ...
Wacker-Gußmann Annette - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Magnesium deficiency in pregnancy is frequent, and in consequence magnesium supplementation is widely used. As magnesium crosses the placental barrier and since the fetal kidney does not excrete magnesium as efficiently as the mature kidney, effects on fetal cardiac time intervals are probable, but still unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty ...
Musselman Jessica R B JR Department of Pediatrics, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2013
Hepatoblastoma is a rare childhood liver cancer with an obscure etiology, however it is potentially associated with selected pregnancy events and hepatoblastoma risk in offspring. Adjusted unconditional logistic regression estimated odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for self-reported pregnancy events and medication use in a sample of ...
Mousiolis Athanasios - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) administration is thought to enhance in the cervical ripening process. We sought to identify the clinical usefulness and safety of IMN administration for shortening the time to termination of the second trimester pregnancy procedures when used in addition to misoprostol. STUDY DESIGN: Women were randomly selected ...
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