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Brunner Huber Larissa R LR Department of Public Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA. - - 2013
Recently, there has been interest in developing a predictive measure to assess pregnancy readiness/intention in clinical settings. Two such measures have been created but tested primarily in pregnant or postpartum populations. This study examined agreement between the pregnancy readiness measures in a diverse population of nonpregnant women. Women completed short ...
Kuk Jin-Yi - - 2013
The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of a single course of antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) therapy on the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm twins according to the time interval between ACS administration and delivery. We performed a retrospective cohort study of twins born between 24 and ...
Jungheim Emily S ES Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63105, USA. - - 2013
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and their metabolism may be important in normal reproductive function and fertility. Associations between physiologic PUFAs and pregnancy have not been established in women. The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between serum levels of PUFAs and embryo implantation in women undergoing in vitro ...
Gemmill Alison - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of short interpregnancy intervals in the United States. METHODS:: We analyzed pregnancy data from a nationally representative sample of 12,279 women from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth. We limited our sample to second and higher-order births within 5 years of the ...
Adiego B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and accuracy of nasal bone (NB) assessment in the retronasal triangle (RNT) view for aneuploidy screening in the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: Consecutive women with singleton pregnancies undergoing sonographic screening at 11-13 weeks of gestation were prospectively evaluated. In all cases, assessment of the ...
Satir Funda - - 2013
The main objective of this study was to compare the pregnancy rates of intramuscular (IM) 17-α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-HPC) and intravaginal (IV) progesterone gel administration in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. The IM 17-HPC and IV progesterone groups included 632 (66.4%) and 320 (33.6%) women undergoing the first cycles of ...
Silva-Del Valle Miguel Angel - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the impact of the Mediterranean diet (MD) on weight gain and obesity in pregnant women in Gran Canaria. Methods: Cross sectional study in 170 pregnant women We measured the adherence to the MD before and during pregnancy by a food frequency questionnaire. Body mass index (BMI) was ...
Grady Cynthia D CD University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
Unintended pregnancy has been significantly associated with subsequent female sterilization. Whether women who are sterilized after experiencing an unintended pregnancy are less likely to express desire for sterilization reversal is unknown. This study used national, cross-sectional data collected by the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth. The study sample included ...
Jwa Seung Chik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Research investigating the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and blood pressure (BP) during pregnancy is limited and its underlying pathway is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediators of the association between educational level as an indicator of the SES and BP in early and ...
Davis Esa M - - 2013
To investigate the relationship among parity, length of the inter-pregnancy intervals and excessive pregnancy weight gain in the first pregnancy and the risk of obesity. Using a prospective cohort study of 3,422 non-obese, non-pregnant US women aged 14-22 years at baseline, adjusted Cox models were used to estimate the association among ...
Shah Divya K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess pregnancy rates before and after a training intervention in which reproductive endocrinology and infertility fellows were required to perform 100 IUIs before performing ETs. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large, academic training program. PATIENT(S): Not applicable. INTERVENTION(S): Comparing pregnancy rates between two time periods: July 1998-June 2001 ...
Pearson Greg A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the range of, and influences on, the incision-delivery interval (IDI) and the impact on neonatal condition at delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected cohort data from all women delivered by caesarean section over 12 months in an obstetric unit delivering 6000 women per year. Prospective data ...
El Behery Manal M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interpregnancy interval after the first spontaneous abortion has an effect on reproductive performance of women in their next pregnancy. METHOD: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 4,619 women with history of spontaneous abortion in their first pregnancy. Of them 2,422 (52.4 %) conceived within 6 months of ...
Lindqvist Pg - - 2013
Abstract Objective Abnormal umbilical artery blood flow has been implicated in pregnancy complications and fetal demise. Its relation to histopathological changes in the placenta and to maternal or fetal thrombophilia is less well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between umbilical artery Doppler findings, placental ...
Rahman Mahbubur M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA. - - 2013
This study was conducted to examine the hypotheses that adolescent and young adult pregnancy test takers are at increased risk for unsafe sex, oral contraception (OC) nonadherence, and higher pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates. We conducted secondary analyses using data collected for a study on OC adherence among ...
Dagklis Themistoklis - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate the association of epidemiological and pregnancy-related parameters with the latency period achieved in cases of PPROM.Methods: A retrospective study was performed enrolling cases admitted in High Risk Pregnancy Unit (HRPU) with PPROM between 24 + 0 and 36 + 6 gestational week during 2002-2011. Cases with vaginal bleeding at admission, ...
Réger Barbara - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Normal pregnancy is associated with hypercoagulable state. Elevated markers of coagulation and fibrinolytic system activation indicate increased thrombin activity and increased fibrinolysis following fibrin formation throughout pregnancy. These changes exceed the biological variability in most cases. Haemostatic reference intervals are generally based on samples from non-pregnant women. Thus, they ...
Azizi Fereidoun - - 2013
Accurate assessment of thyroid status during pregnancy is vital for maternal and fetal health. Because free thyroxine (FT4) values in pregnancy vary widely between methods, assessment of total T4 (TT4) and FT4 index (FT4I) may be superior to FT4 in pregnant women. However, trimester-specific reference intervals for FT4I have not ...
McNicholas Colleen C Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2013
To estimate weather contraceptive failure rates among combined oral contraceptive pill (OCP), patch, and vaginal ring users was associated with increasing body mass index (BMI). Females enrolled in a large contraceptive study offering the reversible method of their choice at no cost were followed-up for 2-3 years. We compared the ...
Wong Alan C - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: High carbohydrate intake has been linked to insulin resistance, obesity, and abnormal serum lipid profiles-conditions which favor gallstone formation. GOALS:: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary carbohydrate intake on incident gallbladder disease, defined as biliary sludge and stones, during pregnancy. STUDY:: We prospectively ...
Li Zhiwen - - 2013
Emerging evidence has suggested that folic acid-containing multivitamins may markedly reduce the risk of gestational hypertension or preeclampsia. We examined whether maternal supplementation with folic acid alone during early pregnancy can prevent the occurrence of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. The data are from a large population-based cohort study established to ...
Chang Suying - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To determine the impact of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in pregnancy on young child development.METHODS:A 2-year follow-up of 850 children born to women who participated in a double-blind cluster randomized controlled trial of prenatal micronutrient supplementation in western rural China. These women were randomly assigned to receive either daily folic ...
Haavaldsen Camilla - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of placental weight and placental weight/birthweight ratio with gestational age specific fetal death. DESIGN: Population-based study. Setting. Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Population. All singleton births in Norway, 1999-2008 (n=534 892) METHODS: Gestational age specific quartiles of placental weight and placental weight/birthweight ratio were estimated, ...
Ringwelski Jennifer M - - 2013
Multiple artificial inseminations (AI) are used in swine to compensate for variation in time of ovulation and following each insemination, a uterine immune response occurs to remove dead and damaged sperm. There are more dead and damaged sperm inseminated with use of frozen-thawed-semen (FTS) and closer insemination intervals are required ...
Wacker-Gußmann Annette - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Magnesium deficiency in pregnancy is frequent, and in consequence magnesium supplementation is widely used. As magnesium crosses the placental barrier and since the fetal kidney does not excrete magnesium as efficiently as the mature kidney, effects on fetal cardiac time intervals are probable, but still unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty ...
Musselman Jessica R B - - 2013
Background: Hepatoblastoma is a rare childhood liver cancer with an obscure etiology, however it is potentially associated with selected pregnancy events and hepatoblastoma risk in offspring. Methods: Adjusted unconditional logistic regression estimated odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for self-reported pregnancy events and medication use in a ...
Mousiolis Athanasios - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) administration is thought to enhance in the cervical ripening process. We sought to identify the clinical usefulness and safety of IMN administration for shortening the time to termination of the second trimester pregnancy procedures when used in addition to misoprostol. STUDY DESIGN: Women were randomly selected ...
Mehran Ladan - - 2013
Background. Due to many physiological changes during pregnancy, interpretation of thyroid function tests needs trimester-specific reference intervals for a specific population. There is no normative data documented for thyroid hormones on healthy pregnant women in Iran. The present survey was conducted to determine trimester-specific reference ranges for serum TSH, thyroxine ...
Sak M E - - 2013
To investigate the factors that may affect the time interval between induction and fetal expulsion in misoprostol-induced termination of second trimester pregnancy. A retrospective analysis of second-trimester pregnancies terminated in the second trimester between October 2008 and 2010 was performed. Induction was done by administration of 400 mcg intravaginal misoprostol. ...
Wang Jayson J Sarcoma Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, London SW3 6JJ, UK ; Department of Histopathology, Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, 203 Fulham Road, London SW3 6JJ, - - 2013
Primary de novo angiosarcoma of the breast is an uncommon, aggressive neoplasm. Here, we present a case of a young woman who initially developed primary angiosarcoma of the breast, and subsequently angiosarcoma of the ovary during pregnancy two years later. Only two confirmed primary angiosarcomas of the breast metastasizing specifically ...
Leung Tak Yeung - - 2012
Fetal distress is an emergency condition requiring rapid caesarean delivery. Hence, it has been recommended that the decision-to-delivery interval should be within 30 mins. Many previous studies have failed to show any improved outcome with short decision-to-delivery interval. The reasons are (1) most of these studies were of small scale and ...
Huo Xiao-Xu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The study evaluated effects of interpregnancy interval (IPI) on neonatal outcomes after mifepristone-induced abortion in the first pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This observational cohort study, conducted from 1998 to 2001 at antenatal clinics in Shanghai, Beijing, and Chengdu, China, included 4682 nulliparous women with one mifepristone-induced abortion in their first ...
Iliyasu Zubairu Z Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital & Bayero University, Kano, - - 2012
Malaria in pregnancy is associated with substantial risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The uptake of preventive antimalarials is low in malaria endemic countries, including Nigeria. Using a crosssectional study design, we assessed factors associated with uptake and adherence to intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) ...
O'Brien Louise M LM Department of Neurology, Sleep Disorders Center, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2012
This study aimed to prospectively examine the impact of chronic vs pregnancy-onset habitual snoring on gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. Third-trimester pregnant women were recruited from a large, tertiary medical center from March 2007 through December 2010 and screened for the presence and duration of habitual snoring, as a ...
Love Eleanor R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether maternal hypertension in pregnancy was independently associated with additional support needs in children. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using linkage of birth records of all singleton deliveries occurring in primigravidae between 1995 and 2008 in Aberdeen Maternity and Neonatal Databank with the Support Needs System (SNS) ...
Gomez-Lobo Veronica - - 2012
: Intestinal transplantation is a relatively new form of therapy for short gut syndrome. Pregnancy after intestinal transplantation is rare. : A 26-year-old small bowel transplant recipient presented for prenatal care. She previously had undergone bariatric surgery and later experienced small bowel necrosis and resection. The resulting short gut syndrome ...
Qamar Saima S Department of Gynaecology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan. - - 2012
Induction of labour is the intentional initiation of cervical ripening and uterine contraction for the purpose of accomplishing delivery, prior to onset of spontaneous parturition. This study was conducted to compare maternal and neonatal outcome in women induced with Prostaglandin E2 gel, Prostaglandin E2 pessary and extra-amniotic saline infusion with ...
Man Shuk-Li SL Research Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are commonly prescribed for epilepsy and bipolar disorder but little is known about their use in pregnancy. We examined secular trends in AED prescribing in pregnancy and pregnancy as a determinant for stopping AED prescribing. We identified 174,055 pregnancies from The Health Improvement Network UK primary care ...
Ituk U - - 2011
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is a rare X-linked disorder in which female carriers are usually heterozygous for the ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency gene. In pregnancy it has been associated with altered mental status, seizures, coma and death, especially in the postpartum period. We report the management of labor and delivery in two ...
Boland Elena - - 2011
Massive small bowel infarction in pregnancy is rare but has devastating complications. Diagnosis is difficult because pregnancy masks the symptoms. Our aim was to assess risk factors and outcomes of massive resection associated with pregnancy. We conducted a review of nine patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) secondary to massive ...
Christian Lisa M - - 2012
It is well-established that psychological stress promotes immune dysregulation in nonpregnant humans and animals. Stress promotes inflammation, impairs antibody responses to vaccination, slows wound healing, and suppresses cell-mediated immune function. Importantly, the immune system changes substantially to support healthy pregnancy, with attenuation of inflammatory responses and impairment of cell-mediated immunity. ...
Haberman S - - 2011
To describe the association between ultrasound-based determination of fetal head station and clinical assessment of cervical dilatation during active labor. From 427 women with singleton uncomplicated term pregnancies we obtained, during the active phase of labor, 907 pairs of measurements. Fetal head station and position were determined using the LaborPro ...
Avise John C - - 2011
We summarize the literature on rates of multiple paternity and sire numbers per clutch in viviparous fishes vs. mammals, two vertebrate groups in which pregnancy is common but entails very different numbers of embryos (for species surveyed, piscine broods averaged >10-fold larger than mammalian litters). As deduced from genetic parentage ...
Martins Wellington P - - 2011
Assisted hatching (AH) is a manipulation of zona pellucida aiming to facilitate embryo implantation. Systematic review and meta-analysis of medical literature was used to evaluate the effect of AH on assisted reproduction outcomes: clinical pregnancy, live birth, multiple pregnancy and miscarriage. Additional analysis was performed in these subgroups: (i) fresh ...
Signore Caroline - - 2011
The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development sponsored a 2-day workshop to assess the body of evidence on pregnancy in women with physical disabilities, identify gaps in knowledge, and formulate recommendations for further research. A multidisciplinary group of experts discussed available data on pregnancy outcomes ...
Finkelsztejn A - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Finkelsztejn A, Brooks J, Paschoal F, Fragoso Y. What can we really tell women with multiple sclerosis regarding pregnancy? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.02931.x. Background  Although several papers report on pregnancy and multiple sclerosis (MS), no systematic review ...
Nagel C - - 2011
Abortion and preterm birth of foals are major reasons for reproductive losses in the horse. Risk pregnancies require close supervision so that adequate treatment can be initiated in time. The aim of this study was to determine normal values in heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) of the ...
Ishihara Osamu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer on ectopic pregnancy (EP) rate. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Japanese registry of assisted reproductive medicine. PATIENT(S): Women who were registered during 2008. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Rates of live birth, EP, and spontaneous abortion in single blastocyst and cleavage-stage ET ...
Berin Inna - - 2011
To evaluate clinical outcomes of frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles when one or two blastocysts are transferred. Retrospective chart review Two hundred forty-three frozen blastocyst transfer (FBT) cycles were analyzed. Clinical pregnancy rate (50.4% vs. 34.7%), live birth rate (45.8% vs. 30.6%), and twin live birth rate (19.3% vs. 0) were ...
Cook Jocelynn L - - 2011
Objective: It has been well-documented that the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) increases the risk for multiple births, which are associated with sub-optimal outcomes for pregnant women and their offspring. The occurrence of multiple births due to infertility treatments has been recognized as a significant problem globally, and a ...
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