Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 743
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kozinszky Zoltan Z aDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Blekinge Hospital, Karlskrona, Sweden bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical and Pharmaceutical Center, University of Szeged, Szeged, - - 2014
Nearly 1% of pregnancies are affected by some type of midtrimester oligohydramnios. Evidence is currently accumulating that suggests the better efficacy of the new therapeutic procedures relative to conventional management. This review summarizes the available evidence. The prolongation of the period between the diagnosis of oligohydramnios and delivery following amnioinfusion ...
Rauh Kathrin - - 2014
Recent studies suggest that excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) leads to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes including weight retention in the mother and an increased risk of childhood obesity in the offspring.The aim of the GeliS study is to examine the effect of a lifestyle intervention programme during pregnancy to ...
Matthews Anne A School of Nursing and Human Sciences, Dublin City University, Collins Avenue, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
Nausea, retching and vomiting are very commonly experienced by women in early pregnancy. There are considerable physical, social and psychological effects on women who experience these symptoms. This is an update of a review of interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy previously published in 2010. To assess the ...
Lindsay Karen L KL University College Dublin (UCD) Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, UCD, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland (KLL, MK, and FMM); Laboratory Medicine, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland (MC); the Department of Clinical Chemistry, St Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin, Ireland (TS and OCM); the Department of Medicine, Alimentary and Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland (FS); and the Institute of Food and Health, UCD School of Agriculture and Food Science, UCD, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland - - 2014
Recent studies have reported beneficial effects of probiotics on maternal glycemia in healthy pregnant women. Obesity significantly increases risk of impaired glucose tolerance in pregnancy, but glycemic effects of probiotics in this specific obstetric group require additional investigation. We investigated the effect of a probiotic capsule on maternal fasting glucose ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM 1UCD Obstetrics & Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
This is a secondary analysis of 621 women in ROLO study, a randomized control trial of low glycemic index (GI) diet in pregnancy to prevent the recurrence of macrosomia, which aims to assess the effect of the diet on maternal and fetal insulin resistance, leptin, and markers of inflammation. In ...
Bowker Katharine A KA Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps smokers quit smoking, but trials indicate that there is no evidence that it is effective in pregnancy. As metabolism increases during pregnancy, NRT may deliver insufficient nicotine to alleviate withdrawal symptoms. There is mixed evidence as to what levels of cotinine are reached from nicotine ...
Litonjua Augusto A AA Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is intense interest in the role of vitamin D in the development of asthma and allergies. However, studies differ on whether a higher vitamin D intake or status in pregnancy or at birth is protective against asthma and allergies. To address this uncertainty, the Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction ...
Jaslow Carolyn R CR Department of Biology, Rhodes College, 2000 North Parkway, Memphis, TN 38112, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Uterine anomalies are one of the most common parental causes of recurrent pregnancy loss, occurring in about 19% of patients. Congenital uterine anomalies are most likely caused by HOX gene mutations, although the mechanism is probably polygenic. There are no known environmental causes other than estrogenic endocrine disruptors such as ...
Bontekoe Stephan S Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, - - 2014
This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in The Cochrane Library (2010, Issue 7).To increase the success rate of assisted reproductive technologies (ART), adherence compounds such as hyaluronic acid (HA) and fibrin sealant have been introduced into subfertility management. Adherence compounds are added to the embryo transfer ...
Moise Kenneth J KJ Jr Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, UT Health School of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
The Fetal Treatment Center founded by Michael Harrison is credited as the birthplace of fetal surgery. His trainees in pediatric surgery subsequently founded fetal centers throughout the United States. In Europe, the advent of minimally invasive fetal surgical techniques led to the establishment of treatment centers led predominantly by perinatologists. ...
Franik Sebastian S Faculty of Medical School, Radboud University Nijmegen, Geert Grooteplein 9, PO Box 9101, Nijmegen, Netherlands, - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of infrequent periods (oligomenorrhoea) and absence of periods (amenorrhoea). It affects about 4% to 8% of women worldwide and often leads to anovulatory subfertility. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are a novel class of drugs that were introduced for ovulation induction in 2001. ...
Guittier Marie-Julia - - 2014
The occipito-posterior (OP) fetal head position during the first stage of labour occurs in 10-34% of cephalic presentations. Most will spontaneous rotate in anterior position before delivery, but 5-8% of all births will persist in OP position for the third stage of labour. Previous observations have shown that this can ...
Dante Giulia G Mother-Infant Department, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, - - 2014
The aim of this article is two-fold: to report the prevalence of herbal products used by pregnant women and to evaluate the evidence of efficacy and safety of the most popular remedies. Of the 671 articles identified, 15 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 16 non-RCTs were eligible. Ginger was the ...
Rönö Kristiina - - 2014
Maternal overweight, obesity and consequently the incidence of gestational diabetes are increasing rapidly worldwide. The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a combined diet and physical activity intervention implemented before, during and after pregnancy in a primary health care setting for preventing gestational diabetes, ...
Su Lin-Lin LL Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Wing, Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
Prematurity is not only the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality but is associated with long-term impairment. Studies of various tocolytic agents have shown mixed results with little effect in improving pregnancy duration and insufficient data to confirm a definite beneficial effect on neonatal morbidity or mortality. Progesterone is ...
Mol Femke F Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tubal ectopic pregnancy can be surgically treated by salpingectomy, in which the affected Fallopian tube is removed, or salpingotomy, in which the tube is preserved. Despite potentially increased risks of persistent trophoblast and repeat ectopic pregnancy, salpingotomy is often preferred over salpingectomy because the preservation of both tubes is assumed ...
Roberts Devender D Obstetrics Directorate, Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Crown Street, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK, L8 - - 2014
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome, a condition affecting monochorionic twin pregnancies, is associated with a high risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. A number of treatments have been introduced to treat the condition but it is unclear which intervention improves maternal and fetal outcome. The objective of this review was to evaluate ...
Negro Roberto R Division of Endocrinology, "V. Fazzi" Hospital, Lecce, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the peer-reviewed literature on hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and thyroid autoimmunity in pregnancy.Methods: We review published studies on thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in pregnancy, the impact of thyroid disease on pregnancy, and discuss implications for screening.Results: Overt hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are responsible for adverse obstetrical and neonatal events. Several ...
Arija Victoria - - 2014
Currently, there is no consensus regarding iron supplementation dose that is most beneficial for maternal and offspring health during gestation. Recommended iron supplementation dose does not preempt anemia in around 20% of the pregnancies, nor the risk of hemoconcentration in 15%. This deficit, or excess, of iron prejudices the mother-child ...
Levy Delphine P DP Laboratoire HRA Pharma, Paris, - - 2014
To describe the safety of ulipristal acetate in emergency contraception. Postmarketing pharmacovigilance data collection. A total of 553 women experienced 1049 adverse drug reactions. The most frequent (n,%) were pregnancies (282, 6.8%); nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting (139, 13.3%); headache, dizziness (67, 6.4%); and metrorrhagia, menses delay and breast symptoms ...
Hamel Maureen S MS Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Women & Infants Hospital, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Providence, RI. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal oxygen is often given to laboring women to improve fetal metabolic status or in an attempt to alleviate non-reassuring fetal heart rate patterns. However, the only two randomized trials investigating the use of maternal oxygen supplementation in laboring women do not support that such supplementation is likely to be ...
Grzeskowiak Luke E - - 2014
Pregnancy presents a unique situation for the management of asthma as it can alter the course of asthma severity and its treatment, which in turn can affect pregnancy outcomes. Despite awareness of the substantial adverse effects associated with asthma during pregnancy, little has been done to improve its management and ...
Holst Lone L Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care and Centre for Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen Bergen, - - 2014
This review evaluates the safety of echinacea and elderberry in pregnancy. Both herbs are commonly used to prevent or treat upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and surveys have shown that they are also used by pregnant women. The electronic databases PubMed, ISI Web of Science, AMED, EMBASE, Natural Medicines Comprehensive ...
Kelekci Sefa S Eagen Maternity and Gynaecology Education and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey; Izmir Katip Celebi University, School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate a new trial of short-term clomiphene citrate (CC) in high responder women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This case series was conducted in the infertility outpatient clinics of two centres. Ovulation induction was performed with CC 50-100mg a day in six high-responder women with PCOS who had a ...
Kaandorp J J JJ Department of Perinatology, University Medical Centre, , Utrecht, The - - 2013
Perinatal hypoxia-induced free radical formation is an important cause of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy and subsequent neurodevelopmental disabilities. Allopurinol reduces the formation of free radicals, which potentially limits hypoxia-induced brain damage. We investigated placental transfer and safety of allopurinol after maternal allopurinol treatment during labour to evaluate its potential role as a ...
Jiang Hong - - 2013
Evidence has suggested that periodontal disease is associated with an increased risk of various adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. However, several large clinical randomized controlled trials failed to demonstrate periodontal therapy during pregnancy reduced the incidence of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. It has been suggested that the pre-conception period ...
Tan Kelvin H - - 2013
Manual fetal manipulation has been suggested to improve the efficiency of antepartum fetal heart rate testing. The objective of this review was to assess the merits or adverse effects of the use of manual fetal manipulation in conjunction with tests of fetal wellbeing. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth ...
Tan Kelvin H - - 2013
Acoustic stimulation of the fetus has been suggested to improve the efficiency of antepartum fetal heart rate testing. To assess the advantages and disadvantages of the use of fetal vibroacoustic stimulation in conjunction with tests of fetal wellbeing. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (30 September ...
Abu Hashim Hatem H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2013
Rescue cervical cerclage (RCC) is essentially a salvage procedure to prolong pregnancy in women with advanced cervical changes and prolapsed membranes in the second trimester. However, its effectiveness and safety remain controversial. To provide a comprehensive review of the contemporary evidence on RCC and evaluate which treatment modalities can be ...
Luo Shan - - 2013
Abstract Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and intrauterine insemination (COS/IUI) often face the risk of premature luteinization, which may result in lower pregnancy rate and higher miscarriage rate. This review was performed to identify if adjuvant treatment with GnRH antagonist (GnRH-ant) could effectively improve the clinical ...
Wang Chi Chiu CC Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong; Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong; School of Biomedical Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong - - 2013
Chinese medicine is a common name for a collection of Chinese Materia Medica with therapeutic properties for medical treatment and healing. Similar to Western pharmaceuticals, Chinese medicines are not free of risk, and have the potential to cause adverse pregnancy outcomes and affect embryonic and fetal development. However, most clinical ...
Earl Rachel - - 2013
Women with hyperthyroidism in pregnancy have increased risks of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm birth, and intrauterine growth restriction; and they can develop severe pre-eclampsia or placental abruption. To identify interventions used in the management of hyperthyroidism pre-pregnancy or during pregnancy and to ascertain the impact of these interventions on important maternal, ...
Lin Yu-Hung - - 2013
Cervical stenosis can be an impediment to embryo transfer (ET) and intrauterine insemination (IUI). We propose a technique of hysteroscopic cervical resection to overcome cervical stenosis. Prospective clinical study (Canadian Task Force classification III). Private general hospital. Forty-three infertile women in whom trial ET or IUI had failed with 3 ...
Guardino Christine M - - 2013
This randomised controlled pilot trial tested a six-week mindfulness-based intervention in a sample of pregnant women experiencing high levels of perceived stress and pregnancy anxiety. Forty-seven women enrolled between 10 and 25 weeks gestation were randomly assigned to either a series of weekly Mindful Awareness Practices classes (n = 24) with home practice ...
Nahuis Marleen J - - 2013
Clomiphene citrate (CC) is first line treatment in women with World Health Organization (WHO) type II anovulation and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Whereas 60% to 85% of these women will ovulate on CC, only about one half will have conceived after six cycles. If women do not conceive, treatment can ...
Zolghadri Jaleh - - 2013
To compare the effectiveness of the double cervical cerclage method versus the single method in women with recurrent second-trimester delivery. In this randomized clinical trial, we included 33 singleton pregnancies suffering from recurrent second-trimester pregnancy loss (≥2 consecutive fetal loss during second-trimester or with a history of unsuccessful procedures utilizing ...
Tajik Parvin - - 2013
The Disproportionate Intrauterine Growth Intervention Trial at Term (DIGITAT trial) showed that in women with suspected intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) at term, there were no substantial outcome differences between induction of labour and expectant monitoring. The objective of the present analysis is to evaluate whether maternal or fetal markers could ...
Schisterman Enrique F - - 2013
Low-dose aspirin (LDA) has been proposed to improve pregnancy outcomes in couples experiencing recurrent pregnancy loss. However, results from studies of LDA on pregnancy outcomes have been inconsistent, perhaps because most studies evaluated LDA-initiated post-conception. The purpose of the Effects of Aspirin in Gestation and Reproduction (EAGeR) trial was to ...
Vigil-De Gracia Paulino - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine the maternal and neonatal efficacy and safety with furosemide, amlodipine or aspirin in women with mild/moderate chronic hypertension during pregnancy. Methods: A pilot clinical trial was performed in a tertiary teaching hospital in Panama. Pregnant patients with mild/moderate chronic hypertension at ≤ 20 weeks of gestation ...
Maimburg Rikke D - - 2013
It has been suggested that participation in an antenatal education programme will increase the level of worry in pregnant women. This randomised controlled trial, investigated women's worries in late pregnancy as a secondary outcome depending on their attendance in an antenatal education programme. We found that women attending the education ...
Danzer Enrico - - 2013
A recently completed randomized, controlled, prospective multicenter trial, the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS), demonstrated that maternal-fetal surgery for myelomeningocele (MMC) before 26 weeks of gestation decreases the need for ventriculoperitoneal shunting, decreases hindbrain herniation, and preserves neurological function. However, the study also found that fetal MMC surgery is not ...
Nabhan Ashraf F - - 2013
To assess the effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics compared with placebo in preventing neonatal and maternal infection-related morbidity associated with prelabor spontaneous rupture of membranes at or beyond 36weeks of pregnancy. In the present randomized controlled trial conducted during 2009-2011, 1640 women with prelabor spontaneous rupture of fetal membranes at or ...
Ezeama Chukwuemeka O CO Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy and adverse effects of ergometrine and oxytocin given intramuscularly for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage during the third stage of labor. The study included women with a singleton pregnancy of at least 28weeks' gestation who had a vaginal delivery. High-risk pregnancies were excluded. Oxytocin (10IU) or ...
Pundir Jyotsna J Assisted Conception Unit, 11th Floor, Tower Wing, Guy's and St Thomas NHS Trust, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the use of routine hysteroscopy prior to starting the first IVF cycle on treatment outcome in asymptomatic women. Searches were conducted on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, National Research Register and ISI Conference Proceedings. The main outcome measures were clinical pregnancy and live birth rates ...
Money Deborah - - 2013
Objective: To review the evidence in the literature and to provide recommendations on the management of pregnant women in labour for the prevention of early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal disease. The key revisions in this updated guideline include changed recommendations for regimens for antibiotic prophylaxis, susceptibility testing, and management of ...
Moise Kenneth J KJ - - 2013
Amniotic fluid is typically measured by ultrasound using the amniotic fluid index (AFI) or the maximum vertical pocket (MVP). Although both parameters correlate poorly with the actual amniotic fluid volume measured with dye-dilution methods, cross-sectional studies have been used to establish gestational norms. The current acceptable definition of polyhydramnios in ...
Mahajan Nalini N Department of Reproductive Medicine, NOVA IVI Fertility, New Delhi, - - 2013
Mild stimulation protocols aim to reduce the physical, financial and emotional burden associated with the conventional IVF protocol without compromising the pregnancy rate. Such protocols help to decrease the complications and the discomfort related to the prolonged administration of agonist and large doses of gonadotrophins, by limiting the number of ...
Aflatoonian Abbas A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2013
Background: Preterm labor (PTL) is one of the most important causes in neonatal mortality and morbidity. Late preterm labor (34-36w) includes 75% of such birth. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) pregnant women are at increased risk of PTL. Objective: The study has been undertaken to determine whether beginning and continuing 17-α ...
Hauzman Erik E - - 2013
Both oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) and estradiol (E2) valerate have been used to schedule gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles and, consequently, laboratory activities. However, there are no studies comparing treatment outcomes directly between these two pretreatment methods. This randomized controlled trial was aimed at finding differences ...
Mattes Joerg - - 2013
Maternal asthma is the most common chronic disease complicating pregnancy and is a risk factor for bronchiolitis in infancy. Recurrent episodes of bronchiolitis are strongly associated with the development of childhood asthma. We conducted a follow-up study of infants born to women with asthma who completed a double-blind randomised controlled ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >