Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 774
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Christian Parul P Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Antenatal iron and multiple micronutrient supplementation has been shown in randomized trials to improve birthweight, although mechanisms are unknown. We examined late pregnancy serum erythropoietin (EPO) and cortisol concentrations in relation to maternal micronutrient supplementation and iron status indicators (haemoglobin, serum ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor) in 737 rural Nepalese women ...
Castro Catarina C Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Norte - Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisbon, Portugal, - - 2014
This study aimed at evaluating the effect of vaginal intercourse on spontaneous labor onset at term. In a randomized controlled trial, patients with singleton, cephalic, term, and low-risk pregnancy were assigned to either vaginal intercourse at least twice a week or abstinence. The following data were assessed: demographics, parity, vaginal ...
Christiansen Ole B OB Fertility Clinic, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
Although epidemiological, clinical and biochemical risk factors are known for recurrent miscarriage (RM), the etiology is mainly unknown. Two main hypotheses dominate: that RM is caused by aneuploid conceptions occurring by sheer chance and/or in women with increased risk, - or that maternal endocrinologic, thrombophilic or immunologic abnormalities play a ...
Alves Joao Guilherme - - 2014
Preterm birth is the leading cause of infant mortality globally, including Brazil. We will evaluate whether oral magnesium citrate reduces the risk of placental dysfunction and its negative consequences for both the fetus and mother, which, in turn, should reduce the need for indicated preterm delivery. We will complete a ...
Nwaru Bright I BI 1Centre for Population Health Sciences,The University of Edinburgh,Medical School, Doorway 3,Teviot Place,Edinburgh EH8 - - 2014
Assessing the level of adherence and its determinants is important in appraising the overall effectiveness of trials. The present study aimed to evaluate the extent of adherence and its determinants in a pragmatic randomized controlled trial of Fe prophylaxis during pregnancy in Maputo, Mozambique. A pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Two ...
Kinnunen Tarja I TI School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Department of Children, Young People and Families, The National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, - - 2014
Observational studies suggest that high iron intake during pregnancy is associated with the risk of gestational diabetes. As such studies are prone to bias, we re-analysed data from a randomised controlled trial of iron supplementation to see whether it supports the risk found in observational studies. The trial was conducted ...
Youssef Mohamed A F M MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University , Cairo , - - 2014
Objective: Good oocyte quality and maturity are important prerequisites for high fertilization and implantation rates in IVF/ICSI treatment cycles. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced within ovarian follicles, especially during the ovulation process, and increased ROS activity may be a cause of impaired oocyte maturation and higher rate of failure ...
Jerng Ui Min - - 2014
The aim of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for poor semen quality in infertile men. We searched for relevant trials registered up to May 2013 in 14 databases. We selected randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared acupuncture, with or without additional treatment, against placebo, ...
Lindsay Kl K UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Probiotics are live microorganisms which may confer health benefits on the host. Recent studies have demonstrated various beneficial effects of probiotics in pregnancy among healthy women.(1) The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a probiotic capsule on maternal fasting glucose and pregnancy outcome in obese pregnant ...
Firoz T T Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Child and Family Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Pregnant and postpartum women with severe hypertension are at increased risk of stroke and require blood pressure (BP) reduction. Parenteral antihypertensives have been most commonly studied, but oral agents would be ideal for use in busy and resource-constrained settings. To review systematically, the effectiveness of oral antihypertensive agents for treatment ...
Bortolus Renata - - 2014
In 2010 a Cochrane review confirmed that folic acid (FA) supplementation prevents the first- and second-time occurrence of neural tube defects (NTDs). At present some evidence from observational studies supports the hypothesis that FA supplementation can reduce the risk of all congenital malformations (CMs) or the risk of a specific ...
John Elinor - - 2014
Approximately 1 in 5 pregnant women in the United Kingdom are obese. In addition to being associated generally with poor health, obesity is known to be a contributing factor to pregnancy and birth complications and the retention of gestational weight can lead to long term obesity.This paper describes the protocol ...
Zheng Cui Hong - - 2014
The latest meta-analysis demonstrated that acupuncture improves pregnancy rates among women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), and surface acupoint stimulation, such as transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS), may have the same or better potential. To explore the effect of TEAS on the clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and live birth ...
Miller Nathaniel R NR Darnall Army Medical Center, Fort Hood, - - 2014
Elective induction of labor is common despite the paucity of prospective data on maternal and neonatal outcomes. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of induction of labor, at 39 weeks of gestation, on the frequency of cesarean delivery in nulliparous women with an unfavorable cervix compared ...
Harper Cynthia C CC University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
Unintended pregnancy remains persistently high in the United States. Few randomized interventions have effectively reduced pregnancy. We conducted a cluster randomized trial in 40 Planned Parenthood sites, including family planning and abortion, to assess the effect of a clinic-wide training in long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) on patient outcomes. A cohort ...
Silver Robert R Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traditionally, the primary outcome of infertility trials has been a positive pregnancy test or a clinically recognized pregnancy. However, parents desire a healthy baby that grows up to be a healthy adult, rather than a positive pregnancy test. Too often results of infertility trials are lacking in crucial obstetric details. ...
Braakhekke Miriam M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The most appropriate primary outcome measure for reproductive medicine has been discussed frequently. In 2003 the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology recommended that the outcome measure of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and non-ART should be singleton live birth. Although live birth is indeed the aim of clinical practice, ...
Odejinmi Funlayo F Whipps Cross University Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Evaluation of: Mol F, van Mello NM, Strandell A et al. Salpingotomy versus salpingectomy in women with tubal pregnancy (ESEP study): an open-label, multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 383(9927), 1483-1439 (2014). Ectopic pregnancy can still manifest itself as a life-threatening condition and, hence, the establishment of accurate evidence-based treatment modalities ...
Visser Gerard H A GH Department of Obstetrics, University Medical Center, Utrecht, the - - 2014
Five randomized controlled trials have been published on intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring with ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram, but the debate on its usefulness or otherwise has not yet been ended. We consider ST analysis a useful and cost-effective addition to conventional fetal heart rate monitoring. We will ...
Taylor Myra M a Department of Public Health Medicine , University of KwaZulu-Natal , Durban , South - - 2014
Researchers aimed to determine the effects of a teenage pregnancy prevention programme for 816 high school students attending 16 KwaZulu-Natal, South African schools through a randomized control trial. Data were collected at baseline and 8-month follow-up in 2009. Using multivariate analyses of programme effects employing Mplus 6 indicated significantly healthier ...
López-Regalado Maria Luisa ML U. Reproducción, UGC de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada (IIBG), Granada, Spain; Doctorado de Biomedicina Regenerativa de la Universidad de Granada, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the impact of the eSET followed by single-embryo cryotransfer versus double embryo transfer in older women (<38 years) without taking into account embryo quality. This is a prospective randomised clinical trial performed on 194 couples attempting a first IVF cycle in a Public Hospital in Spain. The women ...
Harrison Cheryce L CL Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation (MCHRI), School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, - - 2014
Self-weighing is important for weight management in general populations; however its role in optimising gestational weight gain is less clear. Our randomised trial in early pregnancy found regular self-weighing when combined with a self-management intervention, optimised weight gain at 28 weeks gestation (5.66 ± 2.6 kg vs 7.03 ± 3.56 kg, P = 0.02) and reduced postpartum weight ...
Gerlinger Christoph C Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, 13353 Berlin, Germany; Gynecology, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, University Medical School of Saarland, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the impact of subject characteristics on efficacy as measured by the Pearl Index (PI) in clinical trials and to make study populations similar by matching. Our analysis used US data from four large Phase III studies. We compared results from one fertility control patch study with pooled data ...
Scholten I I Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
A previous randomized clinical trial compared immobilization for 15min with immediate mobilization subsequent to intrauterine insemination (IUI) and showed higher ongoing pregnancy rates in couples immobilizing subsequent to IUI. The current study compared the long-term effectiveness of immobilization subsequent to IUI. All couples (n=391) included in the trial were followed ...
Choudhary Manju M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of maintenance therapy with oral micronized progesterone (OMP) for prolongation of pregnancy in cases of arrested preterm labor. Ninety women at 24-34weeks of singleton pregnancy with intact membranes and arrested preterm labor were randomly allocated to receive OMP (n=45) or placebo (n=45) daily until 37weeks or ...
Kozinszky Zoltan Z aDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Blekinge Hospital, Karlskrona, Sweden bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical and Pharmaceutical Center, University of Szeged, Szeged, - - 2014
Nearly 1% of pregnancies are affected by some type of midtrimester oligohydramnios. Evidence is currently accumulating that suggests the better efficacy of the new therapeutic procedures relative to conventional management. This review summarizes the available evidence. The prolongation of the period between the diagnosis of oligohydramnios and delivery following amnioinfusion ...
Das B - - 2014
Women of child-bearing age who are candidates for trial and possible implantation of a spinal cord stimulator (SCS) may express concerns regarding its effect on their ability to become pregnant, to maintain a pregnancy and to breastfeed. Despite the large number of SCS implanted worldwide there is a paucity of ...
Rauh Kathrin - - 2014
Recent studies suggest that excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) leads to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes including weight retention in the mother and an increased risk of childhood obesity in the offspring.The aim of the GeliS study is to examine the effect of a lifestyle intervention programme during pregnancy to ...
El Refaeey Abdelaziz A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mansoura University, - - 2014
This prospective randomized controlled trial evaluated the effect of combined oral coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and clomiphene citrate for ovulation induction in clomiphene-citrate-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A total of 101 infertile women with PCOS resistant to clomiphene citrate were randomized either to combined CoQ10 and clomiphene citrate (51 patients, 82 ...
Matthews Anne A School of Nursing and Human Sciences, Dublin City University, Collins Avenue, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
Nausea, retching and vomiting are very commonly experienced by women in early pregnancy. There are considerable physical, social and psychological effects on women who experience these symptoms. This is an update of a review of interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy previously published in 2010. To assess the ...
Lindsay Karen L KL University College Dublin (UCD) Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, UCD, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland (KLL, MK, and FMM); Laboratory Medicine, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland (MC); the Department of Clinical Chemistry, St Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin, Ireland (TS and OCM); the Department of Medicine, Alimentary and Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland (FS); and the Institute of Food and Health, UCD School of Agriculture and Food Science, UCD, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland - - 2014
Recent studies have reported beneficial effects of probiotics on maternal glycemia in healthy pregnant women. Obesity significantly increases risk of impaired glucose tolerance in pregnancy, but glycemic effects of probiotics in this specific obstetric group require additional investigation. We investigated the effect of a probiotic capsule on maternal fasting glucose ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM 1UCD Obstetrics & Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
This is a secondary analysis of 621 women in ROLO study, a randomized control trial of low glycemic index (GI) diet in pregnancy to prevent the recurrence of macrosomia, which aims to assess the effect of the diet on maternal and fetal insulin resistance, leptin, and markers of inflammation. In ...
Bowker Katharine A KA Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps smokers quit smoking, but trials indicate that there is no evidence that it is effective in pregnancy. As metabolism increases during pregnancy, NRT may deliver insufficient nicotine to alleviate withdrawal symptoms. There is mixed evidence as to what levels of cotinine are reached from nicotine ...
Litonjua Augusto A AA Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is intense interest in the role of vitamin D in the development of asthma and allergies. However, studies differ on whether a higher vitamin D intake or status in pregnancy or at birth is protective against asthma and allergies. To address this uncertainty, the Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction ...
Jaslow Carolyn R CR Department of Biology, Rhodes College, 2000 North Parkway, Memphis, TN 38112, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Uterine anomalies are one of the most common parental causes of recurrent pregnancy loss, occurring in about 19% of patients. Congenital uterine anomalies are most likely caused by HOX gene mutations, although the mechanism is probably polygenic. There are no known environmental causes other than estrogenic endocrine disruptors such as ...
Yavari Kia Parisa P Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy are amongst the most common complaints that effects on both the physical and mental conditions of the pregnant women. Due to the increasing tendency of women to use herbal medications during pregnancy, the effect of lemon inhalation aromatherapy on nausea and vomiting of pregnancy was ...
Bontekoe Stephan S Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, - - 2014
This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in The Cochrane Library (2010, Issue 7).To increase the success rate of assisted reproductive technologies (ART), adherence compounds such as hyaluronic acid (HA) and fibrin sealant have been introduced into subfertility management. Adherence compounds are added to the embryo transfer ...
Moise Kenneth J KJ Jr Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, UT Health School of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
The Fetal Treatment Center founded by Michael Harrison is credited as the birthplace of fetal surgery. His trainees in pediatric surgery subsequently founded fetal centers throughout the United States. In Europe, the advent of minimally invasive fetal surgical techniques led to the establishment of treatment centers led predominantly by perinatologists. ...
Franik Sebastian S Faculty of Medical School, Radboud University Nijmegen, Geert Grooteplein 9, PO Box 9101, Nijmegen, Netherlands, - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of infrequent periods (oligomenorrhoea) and absence of periods (amenorrhoea). It affects about 4% to 8% of women worldwide and often leads to anovulatory subfertility. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are a novel class of drugs that were introduced for ovulation induction in 2001. ...
Guittier Marie-Julia - - 2014
The occipito-posterior (OP) fetal head position during the first stage of labour occurs in 10-34% of cephalic presentations. Most will spontaneous rotate in anterior position before delivery, but 5-8% of all births will persist in OP position for the third stage of labour. Previous observations have shown that this can ...
Nadarajah Ravichandran R Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sultanah Aminah Hospital, 80100 Johor Bahru, Malaysia(1). Electronic address: - - 2014
To show whether a clinically significant difference in success rates exists between expectant and surgical management of early pregnancy loss. Randomised controlled trial comparing expectant versus surgical management of early pregnancy loss over a 1-year period from 1st January to 31st December 2009 at Sultanah Aminah Hospital, Johor Bahru. Pregnant ...
Dante Giulia G Mother-Infant Department, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, - - 2014
The aim of this article is two-fold: to report the prevalence of herbal products used by pregnant women and to evaluate the evidence of efficacy and safety of the most popular remedies. Of the 671 articles identified, 15 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 16 non-RCTs were eligible. Ginger was the ...
Rönö Kristiina - - 2014
Maternal overweight, obesity and consequently the incidence of gestational diabetes are increasing rapidly worldwide. The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a combined diet and physical activity intervention implemented before, during and after pregnancy in a primary health care setting for preventing gestational diabetes, ...
Su Lin-Lin LL Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Wing, Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
Prematurity is not only the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality but is associated with long-term impairment. Studies of various tocolytic agents have shown mixed results with little effect in improving pregnancy duration and insufficient data to confirm a definite beneficial effect on neonatal morbidity or mortality. Progesterone is ...
Mol Femke F Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tubal ectopic pregnancy can be surgically treated by salpingectomy, in which the affected Fallopian tube is removed, or salpingotomy, in which the tube is preserved. Despite potentially increased risks of persistent trophoblast and repeat ectopic pregnancy, salpingotomy is often preferred over salpingectomy because the preservation of both tubes is assumed ...
Roberts Devender D Obstetrics Directorate, Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Crown Street, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK, L8 - - 2014
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome, a condition affecting monochorionic twin pregnancies, is associated with a high risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. A number of treatments have been introduced to treat the condition but it is unclear which intervention improves maternal and fetal outcome. The objective of this review was to evaluate ...
Negro Roberto R Division of Endocrinology, "V. Fazzi" Hospital, Lecce, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the peer-reviewed literature on hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and thyroid autoimmunity in pregnancy.Methods: We review published studies on thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in pregnancy, the impact of thyroid disease on pregnancy, and discuss implications for screening.Results: Overt hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are responsible for adverse obstetrical and neonatal events. Several ...
Arija Victoria - - 2014
Currently, there is no consensus regarding iron supplementation dose that is most beneficial for maternal and offspring health during gestation. Recommended iron supplementation dose does not preempt anemia in around 20% of the pregnancies, nor the risk of hemoconcentration in 15%. This deficit, or excess, of iron prejudices the mother-child ...
Levy Delphine P DP Laboratoire HRA Pharma, Paris, - - 2014
To describe the safety of ulipristal acetate in emergency contraception. Postmarketing pharmacovigilance data collection. A total of 553 women experienced 1049 adverse drug reactions. The most frequent (n,%) were pregnancies (282, 6.8%); nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting (139, 13.3%); headache, dizziness (67, 6.4%); and metrorrhagia, menses delay and breast symptoms ...
Hamel Maureen S MS Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Women & Infants Hospital, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Providence, RI. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal oxygen is often given to laboring women to improve fetal metabolic status or in an attempt to alleviate non-reassuring fetal heart rate patterns. However, the only two randomized trials investigating the use of maternal oxygen supplementation in laboring women do not support that such supplementation is likely to be ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >