Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 743
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Keith Louis - - 2002
Until recently, triplets were an infrequent occurrence. With the development of ovulation-inducing medications and then assisted reproductive technology (ART), the triplet birth rate in maternal age ranges over 24 years has multiplied three- to fiftyfold. The first review of the clinical aspects of triplet pregnancies was published in 1988. Since ...
Sairam Shanthi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prospective risk of stillbirth in multiple gestations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of birth notifications and infant mortality records relating to all multiple gestations to residents in a predefined health district. The incidence of live births and stillbirths was used to calculate the prospective risk ...
Kirshon Brian - - 2002
BACKGROUND: High-order multiple pregnancy (four and above) should be avoided if at all possible. The major fetal risk of high-order multiple gestation is that of extreme prematurity. Interval delivery has been used with twin and triplet pregnancies. CASES: An octuplet, sextuplet and quadruplet pregnancies were managed with interval delivery. The ...
Zhang Jun - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine multifetal pregnancy in older women and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A nationwide vital registry. PATIENT(S): A national population-based database that links the live birth, fetal, and infant death certificates reported of multiple gestations in the United States from 1995 to 1997. It includes 155,777 ...
Kursun Sinan - - 2002
Patients with multiple pregnancies have an increased risk of preterm labor and delivery with the associated high prenatal morbidity and mortality. Obviously, as the number of multifetal pregnancies increases (due primarily to the use of assisted reproductive treatments), a rise in the unexpected birth of one or more siblings at ...
De Catte Luc - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency and obstetric outcome of monochorionic multiple pregnancies in a population referred for fetal reduction. METHODS: Data charts of all patients with multifetal (> or =3) pregnancies referred for fetal reduction over the last 10 years were reviewed for the presence of monochorionic twin pairs or ...
Chaudhuri Swades K SK Department of Microbiology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901, - - 2002
As part of a study to elucidate the environmental parameters that control microbial perchlorate respiration, we investigated the reduction of perchlorate by the dissimilatory perchlorate reducer Dechlorosoma suillum under a diverse set of environmental conditions. Our results demonstrated that perchlorate reduction by D. suillum only occurred under anaerobic conditions in ...
Skrablin Snjezana - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy complications and neonatal outcome of 85 triplet gestations cared for during the 15 years in a single perinatal unit. METHODS: Pregnancies were divided in two groups according to the differences in the management plan and their outcomes were compared. Group I (N = 44) consisted of ...
Cohen Shlomo B - - 2002
The aim of this study was to examine whether maternal serum uric acid (UA) concentrations are influenced by the number of fetuses and whether this effect is confounded by maternal body mass index (BMI). Medical records of 207 consecutive twin and 69 triplet pregnancies admitted to our high-risk pregnancy unit ...
Blondel Béatrice - - 2002
After a substantial decrease in the middle of the 20th century, multiple pregnancy rates have increased in many Western countries. Between the mid-1970s and 1998, the rate of twin pregnancies increased by 50% to 60% in England and Wales, France, and the United States. The rates of triplet or higher-order ...
Boerrigter Peter J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To establish long-term safety, follow-up data on pregnancy, birth and neonatal outcome were collected during clinical development trials with ganirelix (Orgalutran) in women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation for conventional IVF or ICSI. METHODS: Results of an analysis of the pooled data of all follow-up data of the phase 2 ...
Kuyoh Maureen A - - 2013
The contraceptive vaginal sponge was developed as an alternative to the contraceptive diaphragm. The sponge, made of polyurethane impregnated with nonoxynol-9 (1g), releases 125 mg of the spermicide over 24 hours of use. Unlike the diaphragm, the sponge can be used for more than one coital act within 24 hours ...
Oleszczuk Agnieszka K - - 2002
Triplet pregnancies are by nature rare. Assisted reproductive technologies have multiplied their rate of occurrence in the last two decades. Whether spontaneous or induced, triplet pregnancies present obstetric and neonatal-and then often lifelong-medical problems severalfold more often than singletons, or even twins. The major cause of problems for triplet gestations ...
Strauss Alexander - - 2002
PURPOSE: Multifetal pregnancy reduction is a widespread "therapy" to diminish the risk of prematurity and adverse outcome for the survivors in higher order multiple gestation. The aim of our study was to determine the maternal and neonatal outcome of multifetal pregnancies under a conservative pregnancy management. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective ...
Keay Stephen D - - 2002
A 46-year-old woman with a triplet pregnancy developed seizures, an oculogyric crisis and a homonymous hemianopia post-natally. Abnormal neuroimaging studies and lumbar puncture suggested possible cerebral vasculitis. Treatment with aciclovir and prednisolone resulted in a slow resolution of symptoms. This case highlights the difficulty in distinguishing eclampsia from rarer neurological ...
Bryan Elizabeth - - 2002
From early pregnancy into childhood, higher multiples have much higher rates of mortality, whether from spontaneous abortion, the 'vanishing twin' syndrome, fetal or infant death. Many parents must cope with the death of one baby whilst the siblings remain critically ill or later become disabled and yet there grief is ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2002
Growth curves of twins and triplets do not support a growth restriction patterns seen in singletons. At the same time that individual members of a twin or a triplet set may be smaller than singletons of the same gestational age, only a minority are indeed SGA by singleton standards. When ...
Kollantai Jean - - 2002
Following my own experience with the death of a twin baby, I founded the Center for Loss in Multiple Birth (CLIMB) Inc. During the last 13 years I have worked with nearly 7000 bereaved parents of twins, triplets or other high multiples throughout the US and worldwide. The role of ...
Collopy Kate Sullivan - - 2002
With the dramatic increase in the incidence of higher-order multiple pregnancies, more and more women are advised to consider undergoing multifetal reduction. However, little is known about the woman's experience of making the decision to undergo or forgo reduction. This study explored the experiences of seven women in making this ...
Skrablin S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the course and outcome of triplet gestations under a preventive care strategy that includes hospitalization, surveillance, bed rest, and daily specialized care from the beginning of the second trimester, with pregnancies managed according to the Croatian standard outpatient care protocol for multiplets. METHODS: A retrospective study of ...
Hock Doreen L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess current practice management, attitudes, and strategies of reproductive endocrinologists in the United States regarding high-order (at least three) multiple gestations. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to 768 board-certified reproductive endocrinologists of whom 722 were eligible for the study. The questionnaires addressed topics such as practitioner demographics, management strategies, ...
Papageorghiou A T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of trichorionic triplet pregnancies managed expectantly with those reduced to twins or singletons. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of trichorionic triplet pregnancies with three live fetuses at 10-14 (median 12) weeks' gestation referred to our unit for consideration of embryo reduction. Women were counselled ...
Tadin Ivica - - 2002
As a result of the increased use of drugs that enhance fertility, and the advent of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer over the last 2 decades, the incidence of multifetal pregnancies has increased exponentially. In parallel with this increase methods of care for women carrying multiple fetuses have become ...
Yokoyama Yoshie - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to create graphs of fundal height parameters in triplet pregnancies compared with those in twin pregnancies, and to investigate whether larger fundal heights in triplet pregnancies would predispose them to earlier delivery (before 34 weeks). The subjects were 727 twin pregnant women and 133 ...
Goodman N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Reduction of house dust mite allergens in the domestic environment can play an important part in reducing sensitization and in the amelioration of symptoms in atopic individuals. Chemical and physical methods have been tried with varied levels of success. The present paper presents a novel electrostatic way of destroying ...
Chasen Stephen T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe outcomes in a series of dichorionic triplet pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: All triplet pregnancies evaluated in our obstetric sonography unit from 1993 to 2000 were identified. Those containing a monochorionic twin pair were included. Prenatal and neonatal records were reviewed. Statistical comparison ...
De Catte L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome after fetal reduction or selective termination to singleton pregnancies for various indications. METHODS: Fetal reduction or selective feticide to singleton pregnancies was performed in 80 multiple gestations (congenital malformations, 17 cases; high-risk obstetric conditions, 25 cases; or social/psychological indications, 38 cases). RESULTS: The overall pregnancy ...
Goldstein I - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the cerebellar growth in twin and triplet gestations with cerebellar growth in singleton pregnancies. METHODOLOGY: An ultrasound study was conducted in a population of normal pregnant women with singleton, twin and triplet gestations. Routine ultrasound examinations were performed in healthy pregnant ...
Roberts Christine L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine higher order multiple pregnancy and birth rates in NSW, and to describe trends in the characteristics and management of these births. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytic study. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia. POPULATION: Two hundred and ninety-one women who gave birth to triplets, quadruplets or quintuplets (880 babies) from ...
Sivan Eyal - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of gestational diabetes in triplet pregnancies and to assess the impact of fetal reduction on the incidence of this complication. METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight consecutive triplet pregnancies referred to the Sheba Medical Center between 1994 and 1998 were included. One hundred three of these pregnancies ...
Dickey Richard P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the incidence of spontaneous reduction in multiple pregnancies during the first 12 gestational weeks and determine the outcome of the surviving fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected ultrasound and birth information on 709 multiple and 5962 singleton pregnancies conceived at a private infertility ...
Francois K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the obstetric and perinatal complications associated with quintuplet pregnancies in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: The databases of two large support groups for higher order multiple gestations, the Triplet Connection and Mothers of Super Twins, were accessed for quintuplet pregnancies. Each record contained information regarding maternal demographics, ...
Rebarber A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Multifetal pregnancy reduction is associated with an increased risk of prematurity. Because cervical length correlates with preterm delivery risk, we sought to determine whether multifetal pregnancy reduction twin gestations are associated with shorter cervical lengths compared with non-multifetal pregnancy reduction twins. STUDY DESIGN: We compared an historic cohort of ...
Elliott J P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess gestational gain in triplet pregnancies treated with oral terbutaline followed by treatment with continuous subcutaneous terbutaline. STUDY DESIGN: From a database of patients who received perinatal home care services, we identified women with triplet gestations first receiving daily oral terbutaline following an episode of threatened preterm labor ...
Jones L M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fetal supraventricular tachycardia is a rare complication of pregnancy associated with cardiac failure, hydrops, and fetal death. If no underlying cardiac defects are present, medical management with digoxin has been successful. CASE: A young woman with a triplet pregnancy presented at 23 17 weeks' gestation for routine Doppler auscultation ...
Olivennes F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists have been proven safe and effective, with no adverse effects on offspring in animal studies. Careful study of pregnancy outcome in humans is mandatory. METHODS AND RESULTS: This preliminary report includes follow-up data of patients treated with the GnRH antagonist, ganirelix, during ovarian stimulation for ...
Merién A E - - 2001
Within a period of 6 years (1994-99) we registered 29 triplet deliveries out of a total of 13,969 hospital deliveries (0.02%). Since there is limited information about specific problems of chorionicity in triplet pregnancies, we analysed the 29 cases according to origin of pregnancy and chorionicity. We here report on ...
Chow J S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the mode of conception affects the frequency of monochorionicity in multiple gestations. METHODS: Our study population consisted of all women with multiple gestations who had a first-trimester sonogram at our institution between May 1998 and April 2000. The frequency of monochorionicity in pregnancies conceived naturally was ...
Cengiz B - - 2001
Unilateral congenital cataract was diagnosed at the 2nd trimester ultrasonography in a triplet pregnancy following in vitro fertilization (with frozen embryos). Congenital cataract could be hereditary or related to metabolic and infectious disorders. To our knowledge this is the first antenatal diagnosis of the disorder in triplets after IVF with ...
Lipitz S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcome of multifetal pregnancy reduction from triplets to twins performed either early (at 11-12 weeks' gestation) or late (at 13-14 weeks). METHODS: Ninety-five high-order pregnancies following assisted conception were studied. Transabdominal sonographically guided multifetal pregnancy reduction was performed early in 46 women, while 49 women first ...
Soriano D - - 2001
The occurrence of a triplet pregnancy discordant for anencephaly is rare and its management presents a clinical dilemma. We report what appears to be the first case of a triplet pregnancy with two anencephalic fetuses complicated by premature contractions and severe polyhydramnios. Its management, which results a healthy newborn weighing ...
Devine P C - - 2001
The objective of this study is to determine the maternal and neonatal outcome of a large group of triplet gestations. A retrospective review of 100 triplet gestations managed and delivered between January 1992 and September 1999 by a single perinatal group is examined. These pregnancies were managed on an outpatient ...
Chen S U - - 2001
This study was aimed at investigating the diagnostic value of maternal serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in the recognition of chorioamnionitis in patients undergoing fetal reduction. Seventy-one gravidas with high-order multifetal pregnancies, including 46 with triplets, 18 with quadruplets, and 7 with quintuplets, who underwent transabdominal fetal reduction to twins during ...
Blickstein I - - 2001
The management of multiple pregnancies represents a true challenge for all sub-specialties concerned with perinatal medicine. Many issues were neglected over the years merely because they were rare and therefore considered not sufficiently important to merit clinical trials. This paper discusses a personal selection of controversial issues, such as multifetal ...
Schachter M - - 2001
A 3 year retrospective analysis was conducted of pregnancies achieved after various assisted reproductive treatment modalities in our infertility practice, to calculate and compare the rates of monozygotic twinning (MZT). A total of 731 pregnancies achieved after various assisted reproduction treatments were reviewed. Gonadotrophin therapy for induction of ovulation and ...
Britt D W - - 2001
Multifetal pregnancy reduction is a medical procedure by which pregnancies usually with three or more embryos are reduced in number early in gestation to improve their medical outcomes. A socially constructed intervention used as part of these procedures at Wayne State University is described. The intervention has as its goals ...
Yakín K - - 2001
High-order pregnancies are associated with high morbidity and mortality and the incidence is increased as a drastic complication of assisted reproductive technology. This case presents a high-order pregnancy achieved by transfer of three blastocyst stage embryos resulting in a quintuplet pregnancy including a monochorionic triplet. Following the selective termination of ...
Carreno C A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported a correlation between the starting number of embryos for multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) and discordance in size during the first trimester. Here we evaluated the correlation between the degree of discordance and length of gestation in the remaining fetuses. DESIGN: Observational clinical series. SETTING: Academic ...
Parazzini F - - 2001
In order to explore the association between multiple birth risk and diet, data were analysed from a case-control study on risk factors for multiple births conducted in Italy between 1988 and 1998. A total of 185 cases (median age 30 years) were interviewed: 36 women delivered monozygotic and 149 delivered ...
Evans M I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate a decade of data on multifetal pregnancy reductions at centers with extensive experiences. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3513 completed cases from 11 centers in 5 countries were analyzed according to year (before 1990, 1991-1994, and 1995-1998), starting and finishing numbers of embryos ...
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