Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 773
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Poggi Sarah H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Multiple gestations are known to be at increased risk for pulmonary edema. Our objective was to characterize this morbidity in a cohort of triplet pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Charts from triplet pregnancies managed by the Georgetown University Hospital Maternal-Fetal Medicine service were abstracted for demographic information and complications. Cases who ...
Haloob R K - - 2003
This study aims to compare morbidity indicators between twins and triplets. This was a retrospective, observational study, and involved a review of twins and triplets born in Basildon Hospital between 1991 and 2000. The main outcome measures were mean birth weight, gestational age at delivery, mode of delivery and length ...
Al-Kouatly Huda B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and cause of thrombocytopenia in triplet gestations. STUDY DESIGN: All triplet gestations that received prenatal care and were delivered at our hospital between 1993 and 2001 were identified. Serial platelet values were reviewed from the earliest gestational age available ...
Taylor Myles J O - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To document the duration of fetal cardiac time intervals in uncomplicated singleton pregnancies using a novel non-invasive fetal electrocardiography (fECG) system and to demonstrate this technique's ability to acquire recordings in twin and triplet pregnancies. DESIGN: Prospective cross sectional observational study. SETTING: Antenatal wards and clinics, day assessment unit ...
Lockwood Charles J - - 2003
Four discrete mechanisms for the pathogenesis of PTD have been described but they share a final common pathway. Moreover, although the mechanisms have distinct clinical characteristics, they are not mutually exclusive. As an example, triplet gestations are more likely to be associated with periconceptional intrauterine manipulations predisposing to infection, as ...
Marano E - - 2003
We report the case of a 30-year-old primipara who developed a triplet pregnancy after having received artificial insemination. At the end of the eighth month of pregnancy she had a generalized tonic-clonic seizure and at the same time blood chemistry was indicative of HELLP syndrome. Brain MRI and EEG were ...
Zádori J - - 2003
To determine the rates of pregnancy complications following in vitro fertilization in comparison with those in a matched control group. A total of 13,543 deliveries at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Szeged, between January 1, 1995 and February 28, 2002 were subjected to retrospective analysis The 230 ...
Shanske Alan L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Omphalocele-exstrophy-imperforate anus-spinal defects (OEIS) complex is a rare sporadic condition. CASE: We identified an infant with major malformations resembling OEIS. He was the product of a 30-week triplet pregnancy conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF) and evaluated by chorionic villi sampling (CVS). In this article, we review the possible ...
Peña Joseph E - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Our experience with complications related to in vitro fertilization (IVF), particularly ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and higher-order multiple gestations, in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serodiscordant couples undergoing IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is presented. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 132 consecutive IVF-ICSI cycles and the ensuing 43 pregnancies in ...
Leung Wing Cheong - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Triplet fetofetal transfusion is an extremely rare complication with high perinatal mortality. Its rarity does not allow any prospective randomized study on various interventional methods to be conducted. CASE: We report one case of triplet fetofetal transfusion syndrome with survival of all three fetuses. Two were donor fetuses, and ...
Baker Carol L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Pregnant infertility patients are commonly old enough to be offered prenatal diagnosis. However, they may be reluctant to undergo an additional invasive procedure. We, therefore, sought to determine what demographic factors, including race and ethnic group, influenced patients' decisions to undergo genetic testing in addition to multifetal pregnancy reduction ...
Maifeld Michelle - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify salient variables that influence decision making regarding multifetal reduction (MFR) and describe their effect on individuals over time. DESIGN: Prospective, exploratory, descriptive design, using qualitative and quantitative methods. SETTING: Midwestern tertiary care center. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 11 consecutive consenting couples with triplet or higher-order pregnancies ...
de Groot R H M - - 2003
Using a longitudinal design we provide evidence that selective attention - a key component of cognition concerned with selection and preparation - is compromised during pregnancy. Selective attention was operationalized by means of the finger precuing technique, which selectively prepares two of four finger responses. The precuing benefit was taken ...
Konnikova Liza - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine gestational age-specific risks of intervening to "rescue" a compromised fetus in triplet pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed retrospectively triplet pregnancies managed at New England Medical Center (July 1992-May 2000; n=97 pregnancies). For each week in gestation, we compared the chance of at least one of three infants ...
Rochon Meredith - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The incidence of multiple gestations has increased significantly with advances in assisted reproductive techniques resulting in a concomitant increase in invasive procedures in these pregnancies. Commonly performed invasive procedures include amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling, multifetal pregnancy reduction, and selective termination. Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling are also ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate intertriplet birth weight discordance. STUDY DESIGN: Birth weight discordance greater than 25% was evaluated in a cohort of 2804 US live-born triplets. Symmetric and high- and low-skew sets were defined by the rank of the middle triplet between the heavier and the lighter ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present data related to the outcome of triplets and high-order multiple pregnancies. RECENT FINDINGS: Current frequencies of high-order multiple pregnancies in most developed countries range between 400 and 800% above the rates observed in the late 1970s. Of particular importance is the striking increase in pregnancies ...
Wimalasundera R C - - 2003
Multiple pregnancy rates remain high after assisted conception because of a misconceived assumption that transferring three or more embryos will maximize pregnancy rates. Maternal morbidity is sevenfold greater in multiple pregnancies than in singletons, perinatal mortality rates are fourfold higher for twins and sixfold higher for triplets, while cerebral palsy ...
Calhoun Byron - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Multifetal pregnancy as a result of ovulation induction (OI) and assisted reproductive technologies (ART) correlate with Board certification in reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI). DESIGN: Retrospective chart analysis of 304 patients referred to Wayne State University (WSU) and Thomas Jefferson University (TJU) for multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) from March ...
Antinori S - - 2003
The obstetric and prenatal outcome in post-menopausal women of advanced age in an oocyte donation programme is described in this paper, the oldest being aged 63 years. A total of 2729 candidates were visited up to November 2000. Only 1150 (42%) were accepted, with 1579 being rejected during a rigorous ...
Evans Mark I - - 2003
Multifetal pregnancy reduction continues to be controversial. Attitudes about MFPR have not, in our experience, followed a simple "pro-choice/pro-life" dichotomy. As far back as the mid to late 1980s, opinions about the subject were varied. Even then, when much less was known about the subject, opinions did not always parallel ...
Blondel Béatrice - - 2003
Multiple maternity rates rose rapidly from the mid-1970s onwards in many Western countries. This has major public heath implications, as multiple pregnancies can lead to many problems for the mothers and their children. Ovarian stimulation and assisted reproductive technology (ART) play a major role in these trends but there are ...
Greenberg James A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with cloacal malformations at birth usually require multiple surgical procedures to correct their anatomic defects. In addition, many also have associated Müllerian anomalies. Those who conceive after repairs invariably are considered "high-risk" pregnancies and are considered poor candidates for maintaining multiple gestations. Further, because of the nature of ...
Ramsey Patrick S - - 2003
Over the past several decades advances in assisted-reproductive technologies have resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of multifetal gestations. Concomitant with this increase there has been a gradual rise in the overall preterm birth rate, as well as other pregnancy complications related to these pregnancies. Twin, triplet, and ...
Keith Louis - - 2003
There is no literature that accurately reports the risks inherent to the woman over age 40 who carries a triplet pregnancy. Extrapolating the singleton literature does not provide solid evidence, since risks are described variously by different authors and may relate to maternal age or parity as independent factors, which ...
Makrakis E - - 2003
PURPOSE: Presentation of three triplet pregnancies achieved in women 46 years of age and older with the use of donated oocytes. MATERIAL & METHODS: Two healthy perimenopausal women 46 and 48 years old and one healthy menopausal woman 48 years old, requesting fertility options. All of them followed oocyte donation ...
Dodd J M - - 2003
When couples are faced with the dilemma of a higher order multiple pregnancy there are three options. Termination of the entire pregnancy has generally not been acceptable to women, especially for those with a past history of infertility. Attempting to continue with all the fetuses is associated with inherent problems ...
Evans Mark I - - 2002
Multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) has clearly improved the outcomes of multifetal gestations. Several recent reports have also suggested improved outcomes in nonreduced cases, but there have been methodologic concerns about the denominators, i.e. have all cases been included and is there a 'hidden mortality' of unknown lost cases. Here we ...
Wessel Jens - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There has been an increasing number of reports on denial of pregnancy. However, only very few studies have involved a large number of patients. To date, no reliable calculation of this condition's general frequency, also from an epidemiological perspective, has been available. METHODS: A prospective case sampling was performed ...
Eddleman Keith A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to summarize the outcome of 200 selective termination (ST) procedures performed at a single center. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred patients underwent ST at the Mt Sinai Medical Center from 1986 to 2000. The following data were collected for each patient: indication for the ...
Keith Louis - - 2002
Until recently, triplets were an infrequent occurrence. With the development of ovulation-inducing medications and then assisted reproductive technology (ART), the triplet birth rate in maternal age ranges over 24 years has multiplied three- to fiftyfold. The first review of the clinical aspects of triplet pregnancies was published in 1988. Since ...
Sairam Shanthi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prospective risk of stillbirth in multiple gestations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of birth notifications and infant mortality records relating to all multiple gestations to residents in a predefined health district. The incidence of live births and stillbirths was used to calculate the prospective risk ...
Kirshon Brian - - 2002
BACKGROUND: High-order multiple pregnancy (four and above) should be avoided if at all possible. The major fetal risk of high-order multiple gestation is that of extreme prematurity. Interval delivery has been used with twin and triplet pregnancies. CASES: An octuplet, sextuplet and quadruplet pregnancies were managed with interval delivery. The ...
Zhang Jun - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine multifetal pregnancy in older women and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A nationwide vital registry. PATIENT(S): A national population-based database that links the live birth, fetal, and infant death certificates reported of multiple gestations in the United States from 1995 to 1997. It includes 155,777 ...
Kursun Sinan - - 2002
Patients with multiple pregnancies have an increased risk of preterm labor and delivery with the associated high prenatal morbidity and mortality. Obviously, as the number of multifetal pregnancies increases (due primarily to the use of assisted reproductive treatments), a rise in the unexpected birth of one or more siblings at ...
De Catte Luc - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency and obstetric outcome of monochorionic multiple pregnancies in a population referred for fetal reduction. METHODS: Data charts of all patients with multifetal (> or =3) pregnancies referred for fetal reduction over the last 10 years were reviewed for the presence of monochorionic twin pairs or ...
Chaudhuri Swades K SK Department of Microbiology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901, - - 2002
As part of a study to elucidate the environmental parameters that control microbial perchlorate respiration, we investigated the reduction of perchlorate by the dissimilatory perchlorate reducer Dechlorosoma suillum under a diverse set of environmental conditions. Our results demonstrated that perchlorate reduction by D. suillum only occurred under anaerobic conditions in ...
Skrablin Snjezana - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy complications and neonatal outcome of 85 triplet gestations cared for during the 15 years in a single perinatal unit. METHODS: Pregnancies were divided in two groups according to the differences in the management plan and their outcomes were compared. Group I (N = 44) consisted of ...
Cohen Shlomo B - - 2002
The aim of this study was to examine whether maternal serum uric acid (UA) concentrations are influenced by the number of fetuses and whether this effect is confounded by maternal body mass index (BMI). Medical records of 207 consecutive twin and 69 triplet pregnancies admitted to our high-risk pregnancy unit ...
Blondel Béatrice - - 2002
After a substantial decrease in the middle of the 20th century, multiple pregnancy rates have increased in many Western countries. Between the mid-1970s and 1998, the rate of twin pregnancies increased by 50% to 60% in England and Wales, France, and the United States. The rates of triplet or higher-order ...
Boerrigter Peter J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To establish long-term safety, follow-up data on pregnancy, birth and neonatal outcome were collected during clinical development trials with ganirelix (Orgalutran) in women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation for conventional IVF or ICSI. METHODS: Results of an analysis of the pooled data of all follow-up data of the phase 2 ...
Kuyoh Maureen A - - 2013
The contraceptive vaginal sponge was developed as an alternative to the contraceptive diaphragm. The sponge, made of polyurethane impregnated with nonoxynol-9 (1g), releases 125 mg of the spermicide over 24 hours of use. Unlike the diaphragm, the sponge can be used for more than one coital act within 24 hours ...
Oleszczuk Agnieszka K - - 2002
Triplet pregnancies are by nature rare. Assisted reproductive technologies have multiplied their rate of occurrence in the last two decades. Whether spontaneous or induced, triplet pregnancies present obstetric and neonatal-and then often lifelong-medical problems severalfold more often than singletons, or even twins. The major cause of problems for triplet gestations ...
Strauss Alexander - - 2002
PURPOSE: Multifetal pregnancy reduction is a widespread "therapy" to diminish the risk of prematurity and adverse outcome for the survivors in higher order multiple gestation. The aim of our study was to determine the maternal and neonatal outcome of multifetal pregnancies under a conservative pregnancy management. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective ...
Keay Stephen D - - 2002
A 46-year-old woman with a triplet pregnancy developed seizures, an oculogyric crisis and a homonymous hemianopia post-natally. Abnormal neuroimaging studies and lumbar puncture suggested possible cerebral vasculitis. Treatment with aciclovir and prednisolone resulted in a slow resolution of symptoms. This case highlights the difficulty in distinguishing eclampsia from rarer neurological ...
Bryan Elizabeth - - 2002
From early pregnancy into childhood, higher multiples have much higher rates of mortality, whether from spontaneous abortion, the 'vanishing twin' syndrome, fetal or infant death. Many parents must cope with the death of one baby whilst the siblings remain critically ill or later become disabled and yet there grief is ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2002
Growth curves of twins and triplets do not support a growth restriction patterns seen in singletons. At the same time that individual members of a twin or a triplet set may be smaller than singletons of the same gestational age, only a minority are indeed SGA by singleton standards. When ...
Kollantai Jean - - 2002
Following my own experience with the death of a twin baby, I founded the Center for Loss in Multiple Birth (CLIMB) Inc. During the last 13 years I have worked with nearly 7000 bereaved parents of twins, triplets or other high multiples throughout the US and worldwide. The role of ...
Collopy Kate Sullivan - - 2002
With the dramatic increase in the incidence of higher-order multiple pregnancies, more and more women are advised to consider undergoing multifetal reduction. However, little is known about the woman's experience of making the decision to undergo or forgo reduction. This study explored the experiences of seven women in making this ...
Skrablin S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the course and outcome of triplet gestations under a preventive care strategy that includes hospitalization, surveillance, bed rest, and daily specialized care from the beginning of the second trimester, with pregnancies managed according to the Croatian standard outpatient care protocol for multiplets. METHODS: A retrospective study of ...
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