Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 773
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Schwartz Nadav - - 2005
We present a case of a patient with a triplet pregnancy at 22 weeks with one triploid fetus (69XXX) who developed severe preeclampsia that did not reverse with dexamethasone rescue therapy and selective termination. With multiple gestations on the rise and the early diagnosis of abnormal pregnancies being accomplished through ...
Gul Ahmet - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous monochorionic triamniotic pregnancy is rare and is at increased risk for pregnancy complications. The presence of an anomalous fetus further complicates the management. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of monochorionic triamniotic triplet pregnancy diagnosed at 15 weeks of gestation with one fetus having developed a multicystic lung ...
Dodd Jodie M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This abandoned randomised controlled trial assessed the effects of hospitalisation from 24 to 30 weeks gestation for women with a triplet pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth. METHODS: Women with a triplet pregnancy and no other condition necessitating hospital admission were approached for participation in the study, and ...
Oleszczuk Jaroslaw J - - 2005
The study of multiple gestations in older mothers has been furthered by the analyses of large data sets published in recent years. These initial analyses are counterintuitive in that the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of the older mothers (>40 years) are better than those of their younger counterparts (aged 25-29). ...
Dickey Richard P - - 2005
Spontaneous reduction of multiple gestational sacs occurs less often in pregnancies conceived as a result of ovulation induction and assisted reproductive technology compared with spontaneously conceived multiple pregnancies. Whereas most spontaneous multiple pregnancies are twin gestations, a higher proportion of multiple pregnancies that result from ovulation induction and assisted reproductive ...
Borrello Mark E - - 2005
The changing fate of group selection theory illustrates nicely the importance of studying the history of science. It was Charles Darwin that first used something like group selection to explain how natural selection could give rise to altruistic behavior and moral instinct. These instincts could be accommodated by his theory ...
Duffy Deirdre A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report two cases of severe obstetrical complications in gestational carrier pregnancies and to review our clinical experience and compare our results with those reported in the literature. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: A university IVF program. PATIENT(S): Women without a functioning uterus or those whose pregnancy would exacerbate a ...
Alphathanasiadis Apostolos P - - 2005
We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and effect of first-trimester multifetal pregnancy reduction on procedure-related complications and obstetrical outcome in multiple pregnancies with a monochorionic component. Although procedure-related complications were relatively common, the obstetrical outcome was favorable in most cases when the monochorionic twin component ...
Sepulveda Waldo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome of fetofetal transfusion syndrome in triplet pregnancies after treatment with endoscopic laser ablation of communicating placental vessels. STUDY DESIGN: Cases of severe fetofetal transfusion syndrome that occur in triplet pregnancies and that are treated with endoscopic laser ablation of ...
Alsunaidi Mohammed I - - 2005
A heterotopic pregnancy is the coexistence of one or more ectopic pregnancies and a single or multiple eutopic pregnancies. This potentially fatal condition rarely occurs in spontaneous conception cycles. We report a case of spontaneous triplet heterotopic pregnancy in a multigravida with no known risk factors. Ultrasound imaging was the ...
Timor-Tritsch Ilan E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of the transabdominal versus the transvaginal route for the multifetal pregnancy reductions. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred ninety consecutive cases of multifetal pregnancy reduction were reviewed. Two hundred three reductions (70.0%) were done transabdominally; 75 cases (25.9%) were done transvaginally, ...
Geipel A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of targeted first-trimester ultrasound evaluation in triplet gestations and to report the outcome in reduced and expectantly managed triplets. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 127 triplets at 11-14 weeks with targeted ultrasound examination including nuchal translucency (NT) screening. RESULTS: One or more abnormal ...
Brambati Bruno - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fetal outcome and maternal complications of multifetal pregnancy reduction to a single fetus or twins. To evaluate safety and efficacy of transabdominal chorionic villus sampling for karyotyping before fetal reduction. STUDY DESIGN: Four hundred twenty-four consecutive multiple pregnancies were reduced to ...
Cassell Krista A - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the rate, origin, maternal and perinatal outcomes, and the associated hospital costs of higher order multiple births in one Canadian province. All higher order multiple pregnancies (triplets and above) in Nova Scotia over a 22-year period (1980 to 2001) were reviewed, and ...
Van Schoubroeck Dominique - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of fetoscopic surgery in complicated monochorionic and dichorionic triplet pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: This was a case series of fetoscopic surgery in 12 cases of monochorionic (n = 5) or dichorionic (n = 7) triamniotic triplets complicated by severe feto-fetal ...
Jones Howard W HW - - 2004
The singleton, term gestation, live birth rate per cycle initiated (BESST) endpoint proposed at the beginning of 2004 is a first big step which should be added to by the consideration of multiple pregnancy rates in relation to singleton rates, by recording of fetal reductions and of pregnancies resulting from ...
Antsaklis A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In triplet pregnancies, to compare pregnancy outcome of expectant management with that after embryo reduction to twins. METHODS: Retrospective study of 255 trichorionic triplet pregnancies, of which 185 had embryo reduction to twins (reduced group) and 70 were managed expectantly (non-reduced group). RESULTS: Median birth weight was higher by ...
Sills E S - - 2004
The frequency of triplet gestation is low in humans, estimated at 1:6400 deliveries. Monochorionic gestations represent a subpopulation of approximately 10% of these triplet pregnancies. Hypertensive complications are known to occur with greater frequency in the context of multiple gestation. In this report we describe microscopic placental changes associated with ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between maternal race and stillbirth among singletons, twins, and triplets. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 14,348,318 singletons, 387,419 twins, and 20,953 triplets delivered in the United States from 1995 through 1998. We compared the risk of stillbirth between pregnancies of black and ...
La Sala Giovanni B - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the early spontaneous loss rate in multiple pregnancies following assisted reproductive technology (ART). STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of pregnancies following ART as related to the initial number of embryos and maternal age was performed. RESULTS: At least one spontaneous loss was observed ...
Min S-J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to formulate growth references that reflect triplet fetal and neonatal populations at each gestational age by combining serial ultrasonographic estimates of fetal weights and measured birth weights. STUDY DESIGN: This historical cohort study was based on 188 pregnancies of live-born triplets of > ...
Kalish Robin B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the accuracy of first- and second-trimester ultrasound assessment of fetal age. STUDY DESIGN: Differences between ultrasound estimated gestational age and true gestational age were calculated between 11 to 14 weeks of gestation and 18 to 22 weeks of gestation ...
Evans Mark I - - 2004
Dramatic successes in infertility care have allowed millions of previously fertile women to have their own children. However, an epidemic of multiple pregnancies has resulted, with catastrophic increases in morbidity and mortality, and in the economic costs to society. Multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) has been used to decrease fetal number ...
Eloundou-Enyegue Parfait M - - 2004
In this study, I used a life-table approach to estimate how much hypothetical reductions in pregnancy-related dropouts would help close the gender gap in educational attainment. Using the schooling histories of 6,686 pupils, I partitioned Cameroon's gender gap in education into "pregnancy-related" and "non-pregnancy-related" components and simulated the impact of ...
Evans Mark I - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In the past, our group took the position that we would not provide multifetal pregnancy reduction to a singleton regardless of starting number except for serious maternal medical indications or as a selective termination for diagnosed fetal anomalies. With evidence of increased safety and more women (many aged 40 ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of maternal morbidity and obstetric complications in women with triplet pregnancies and quadruplet and higher-order multiple pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the outcomes in women with triplet pregnancies (n=5491) and quadruplet and higher-order multiple pregnancies (n=423) with women with ...
Antsaklis A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) as a means to reduce the adverse outcome of multiple gestations. METHODS: This was a retrospective study evaluating the outcome of 334 multiple pregnancies after embryo reduction. RESULTS: In 313 multiple pregnancies in which MFPR was performed before 15 weeks, ...
Dimitriou Gabriel - - 2004
Iatrogenic fetal reduction is undertaken to try and improve the outcome of multiple pregnancies by reducing the rate of severe preterm delivery. In twin pregnancies, however, spontaneous death of one of the fetuses is associated with increased risk of cerebral palsy (CP) in the survivor. The aim of this study ...
Barkehall-Thomas Andrea - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To provide current data on maternal and neonatal outcomes in triplet pregnancies in an Australian population. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of all triplet pregnancies managed within a single Australian tertiary centre. RESULTS: Fifty-four sets of triplets were managed from January 1996 to October 2002. A total of 59% ...
Alran Séverine - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate neonatal and maternal data in a large series of triplet pregnancies as a function of the decision regarding the route of delivery. METHODS: A retrospective series of 93 triplet pregnancies managed and delivered between 1989 and 2001 in a single perinatal ...
Zanconato Giovanni - - 2005
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The maternal and neonatal outcome of 27 triplet and 1 quadruplet gestations was studied at the University Hospital of Verona. RESULTS: Mean maternal age was 31.7+/-3.7 years; 24 women (85.7%) were nulliparous. Six (21.4%) patients had conceived spontaneously. Common maternal complications were: preterm labor (78.6%), anemia (57.1%), ...
Dodd Jodie - - 2004
This systematic review was performed to assess the effects of multifetal pregnancy reduction for women with triplet and higher-order multiple pregnancies on fetal loss, preterm birth, and perinatal and infant mortality and morbidity. From nonrandomized studies, multifetal pregnancy reduction seems to be an effective treatment option, with outcomes comparable to ...
Collopy Kate Sullivan - - 2004
In this phenomenological study women's experiences regarding their decisions to undergo or forgo multifetal reduction of their higher-order multiple pregnancies were explored. Seven women who had conceived higher-order multiple pregnancies as the result of in vitro fertilization were interviewed. Four participants accepted reduction, whereas three participants declined. Three themes were ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the likelihood of adverse outcomes in triplet pregnancies by a score comprising pregravid maternal characteristics. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Triplets database collected by Matria Healthcare, Inc. PATIENT(S): A scoring system was constructed, assigning 1 point for the presence of a risk factor (nulliparity, stature <165 cm, ...
Dafallah Saad E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Multiple pregnancy now warrants special attention from the obstetrician. The incidence of multiple pregnancy had increased during the last 15 years. Multiple pregnancy is a high-risk pregnancy since it is associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality. In addition, almost every maternal and obstetrical problem occurs more frequently in ...
Girgis Moemen M - - 2004
Intestinal obstruction complicating pregnancy is one of the surgical emergencies that may be associated with high incidence of morbidity and mortality for both mother and fetus. Our case is a case of triplets' pregnancy at 25 weeks gestation complicated by jejunal intussusception. The patient was admitted to our hospital with ...
Buckett William - - 2004
Whilst there is a need to emphasize the birth rates of healthy infants when reporting success rates following infertility treatment, is 'the singleton term gestation per cycle started' the most appropriate measure? Although there are many ways to measure the efficacy of medical intervention, none of these exclude from the ...
Sameshima Hiroshi - - 2004
We evaluated longitudinal changing patterns of 75 g glucose tolerance test (GTT) in triplet pregnancies. Eight triplet pregnancies were prospectively studied. All triplet pregnancies were fertilized with artificial reproductive techniques; patients showed no glucosuria or fasting hyperglycemia > 100 mg/dL before pregnancy. The 75-g GTT was performed at first, second, ...
Ulug Ulun - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of spontaneous gestational sac loss during the first trimester in women achieving multiple pregnancies by ICSI. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 1448 consecutive multiple pregnancies conceived by ICSI. RESULTS: Of the cohort of 1448 pregnancies, twin gestations ...
Hsieh Bih-Chwen - - 2004
Ectopic pregnancy situated in a Caesarean section scar is a rare but potentially life-threatening event. Because of its rarity, there are no universal treatment guidelines to manage this condition. We report a case of IVF-induced triplet heterotopic pregnancy of early gestational age that included one Caesarean scar pregnancy diagnosed as ...
Tzafettas J M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To improve perinatal survival rates by prolonging the rest of the pregnancy after an abortion or extremely premature birth of one fetus in multiple pregnancies, especially in women with low fertility potential. METHODS: Following the expulsion of one fetus a cervical cerclage was applied to all patients. The placenta ...
D'Amore Angela - - 2004
Triplet pregnancies have increased as a result of infertility therapy. The objectives of this study are to review the outcome of triplet pregnancies and to determine the effect of different antenatal corticosteroid treatments on fetal growth, survival, and neurodevelopmental outcome. A retrospective case note review of infant and maternal records ...
Ulug Ulun - - 2004
Monochorionic triplet pregnancies are very rare. Here we report 2 cases of multiple pregnancies with monochorionic triplets following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and day 3 embryo transfer. The 2 women concomitantly underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation due to male factor infertility. Following oocyte retrieval, ICSI and assisted hatching (AH) were performed, ...
Childs Alex J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although retroversion of the uterus is a common finding, incarceration of the gravid uterus is a rare complication. It occurs usually between the 12th and 16th weeks of gestation and can lead to severe complications. No case of incarceration has been reported before in a multifetal gestation resulting from ...
Baschat A A - - 2003
Triplet-to-triplet transfusion is a rare clinical complication of monochorionic pregnancies. We present such a case in a monochorionic triamniotic triplet gestation. After a single fetal demise an ongoing twin-to-twin transfusion continued in the surviving triplets. The donor triplet had ultrasound evidence of secondary structural brain damage. The pregnancy was successfully ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the level of potentially preventable excess mortality achievable by avoiding the creation of higher-order multiple gestation with assisted reproductive technologies. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of multiple pregnancies delivered in the United States between 1995 and 1997 involving 304,466 twins, 16,068 triplets, 1448 quadruplets, and ...
Mathew Mariam - - 2003
Use of ovulation inducing agents has increased the incidence of high order multifetal gestation. Such pregnancies are associated with increased maternal morbidity and poor perinatal outcome especially due to prematurity. Here, we report a case of sextuplet pregnancy following ovulation induction with gonadotrophins. This is the first reported case of ...
Kahn Bronwen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prospective risk of fetal death in singleton, twin, and triplet pregnancies and to compare this risk with fetal and neonatal death rates. METHODS: We analyzed 11,061,599 singleton, 297,622 twin, and 15,375 triplet gestations drawn from the 1995-1998 National Center for Health Statistics linked birth and death ...
Bush Melissa C - - 2003
MPR and ST are important options for patients who have multifetal pregnancies. Both procedures have been shown to be technically safe and result in acceptable pregnancy loss rates and GAs at delivery. An important caveat is that these findings are observed in centers that have vast experience performing this type ...
Al-Mufti Raghad - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to establish the frequency of fetal cells in the maternal blood of multifetal pregnancies and compare this figure with singleton pregnancies. METHODS: We obtained maternal blood from 31 pregnancies with 2-6 fetuses at 11-16 weeks gestation and from 50 normal singleton controls (11-14 ...
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