Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 743
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Mazhar Syeda Batool - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal outcome as antenatal and postnatal complications and neonatal outcome as birth weight, morbidity and mortality in triplet gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Mother and Child Health (MCH) Centre, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad from May 2000 to April 2006. PATIENTS ...
Celen Sevki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The management of delayed delivery in a triplet pregnancy is described. CASE: A 25-year-old woman with an in vitro fertilization pregnancy aborted the presenting fetus at 19th gestational week. As she decided to carry on, cervical cerclage, tocolysis and antimicrobial prophylaxis were performed. The remaining fetuses survived until 29th ...
Zarnitz Ryan - - 2008
In laboratory-scale flow reactor studies, fuel staging using coal volatiles as a reburning fuel has given superior NOx reduction performance compared to reburning using natural gas. This superior performance of coal volatiles may be caused by an increased yield of hydrocarbon radicals and free nitrogen species in the reburning zone. ...
Luke Barbara - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to calculate nationally representative, population-based estimates of maternal and neonatal risks in triplet and quadruplet pregnancies compared with twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: The study population included 316,696 twin, 12,193 triplet, and 778 quadruplet pregnancies from the 1995-2000 Matched Multiple Birth Data Set. Adjusted ...
Vonnahme Kimberly A - - 2008
For singleton, twin, and triplet pregnancies, uteri were collected on day 140 of pregnancy. For each ewe (n = 18), placentomes were fixed by arterial perfusion supplying the fetal (cotyledon) and maternal placenta (caruncle). Tissue sections were stained for determination of vascularity by image analysis. Further, protein expression for factor ...
Lee Jung Ryeol - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of various methods of multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) and to determine which method produces better outcomes. One hundred and forty-eight patients with multiple pregnancies resulting from assisted reproduction programs and underwent MFPR were included. According to the use of potassium ...
Arabin Birgit - - 2008
We report on an exceptional therapy with epidural anesthesia and tunnelling of the peridural catheter over a time period of 2-14 days in patients with threatening early preterm labor, intact membranes and vaginal engagement of the infants (4 singleton, 8 twin and 2 triplet pregnancies). A combination of bupivacaine (0.125%) ...
Moaeen-ud-Din M - - 2008
The aim of the current study was to estimate reproductive parameters of Matou goat to evaluate a meat breed. Data on 2,560 kids from 1,197 kidding records of 638 does and on puberty of 546 females kids were collected from farmer household herds of Matou goats in six counties of ...
Shmilovich-Baram Shira - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the association of maternal factors known to influence outcomes of triplets, different discordance levels (-25, 25.1-35, and )35%), and three types (according to the birth weight of the middle-sized triplet) of birth weight discordance in triplets. METHODS: We used data collected by the Women's Health Division ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2008
Mirror syndrome is the association of triple edema, i.e. fetal, placental and maternal edema, with maternal preeclampsia. We here report the first case of mirror syndrome resulting from hydropic acardius in triplet pregnancy. A 26-year-old nulliparous woman spontaneously conceived two living fetuses and one acardius, and suffered preterm rupture of ...
Vallely Andrew A Senior Lecturer, Tropical & Infectious Diseases, University of Queensland, Division of International and Indigenous Health, School of Population Health, Herston Road, Herston, Brisbane Qld 4006, Australia. - - 2008
Reducing the burden of falciparum malaria in pregnancy is an urgent international public health priority but one that involves considerable challenges. The rapidly declining effectiveness of agents known to be safe in pregnancy, and the limited efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetic data available for many other antimalarial drugs, mean that current ...
Youssef, Hamed
Objective: To evaluate the pregnancy outcome after multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) via early transvaginal embryo aspiration. Design: Prospective clinical study Material and Methods: The study included 30 patients with high-order multifetal gestations (more than 3 fetuses), Pregnancies included, before reduction: 22 quadruplet gestations (group 1) and 6 quintuplets (group 2), ...
Tongprasert Fuanglada - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences in diagnostic cordocentesis in twin pregnancies at midpregnancy METHODS: The database and medical records of pregnant women attending Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit of the hospital for diagnostic cordocentesis at midpregnancy between January 1989 and September 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: During 17 years of experience, ...
Mutihir J T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Triplet pregnancies are high-risk pregnancies and fortunately the prevalence is low. They are associated with high perinatal morbidity and mortality. DESIGN: All the records of the 16 triplet pregnancies managed in Jos University Teaching Hospital, North Central Nigeria, were retrieved and analysed. RESULTS: There were a total of 41,159 ...
Dicken Cary L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the first reported case of a triplet pregnancy subsequent to the use of an aromatase inhibitor for ovulation induction. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): A 32-year-old female with polycystic ovary syndrome and primary infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Letrozole, 5 mg/day, on cycle days 2 to 6 ...
Stone Joanne - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in multifetal pregnancy reduction (MPR) procedures in 2000 cases and to evaluate evolving trends within the last 1000 MPRs. STUDY DESIGN: Two thousand patients who underwent MPR were identified. Data were collected from a computerized database. Comparisons were made between ...
Britt David W - - 2007
Data are analyzed for 54 women who made an appointment with a North American Center specializing in multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) to be counseled and possibly have a reduction. The impact on decision difficulty of combinations of three frames through which patients may understand and consider their options and use ...
Clapauch Ruth - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of triplet pregnancy after metformin treatment only, in a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and a family history of twin pregnancies. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Gynecologic endocrinology clinic, tertiary federal hospital. PATIENT(S): A white, lean, 34-year-old woman, treated for PCOS since ...
Munks Eryn B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine attitudes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients toward multifetal pregnancy reduction before and after embryo transfer. STUDY DESIGN: Women seeking IVF consultation were surveyed before and after embryo transfer regarding their attitudes toward multifetal pregnancy reduction. RESULTS: Thirty-one of 36 subjects completed the initial survey. The mean ...
Echternkamp S E - - 2007
Effects of ovulation rate and of fetal number and distribution within the uterus on pregnancy rate and fetal survival were evaluated in nulliparous (n = 1,331) and parous (n = 3,517) cattle selected for twinning. Cattle were divided into a spring (70 d) and fall (60 d) breeding season and ...
- - 2007
Counseling for treatment of infertility should include a discussion of the risks of multifetal pregnancy, multifetal pregnancy reduction should be discussed with patients before the initiations of any treatment that could increase the risk of multifetal pregnancy. In almost all cases, it is preferable to terminate an ovulation induction cycle ...
Bissonnette François - - 2007
This paper reports the proceedings of a consensus meeting on the incidence and complications of multiple gestation in Canada. In addition to background presentations about current and possible future practice in Canada, the expert panel also developed a set of consensus points. The need for infertility to be understood, and ...
Smith G C - - 2007
The randomised badger culling trial (RBCT) has shown that widespread badger culling in predefined areas of approximately 100 km2 led to a reduction in the number of cattle herds testing positive for bovine tuberculosis (TB) ('herd breakdowns'), but was associated with an increase in cattle tb in surrounding areas. This ...
Chen Heng-Ju - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the maternal serum inhibin A concentrations and the number of fetuses. Further, the maternal serum inhibin A levels for twin pregnancies and multiple pregnancies reduced to twins in the second trimester were compared. METHODS: Three groups of women with pregnancies following in vitro fertilization ...
Reddy Uma M - - 2007
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development held a workshop on September 12-13, 2005, to summarize the risks for adverse pregnancy outcomes after assisted reproductive technology (ART), develop an approach to counseling couples regarding these risks, and establish a research agenda. Although the majority of ART children are ...
Tan Hongzhuan - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To create prediction models of early preterm birth for singletons, twin, and triplet pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We used a historical cohort study with the 1996 birth registration data for singletons and the 1995-1997 linked birth/infant death dataset for multiple births of the United States. Preterm birth was defined as ...
Farr Sherry L - - 2007
Approximately 30% of pregnancies in the United States may end in miscarriage or stillbirth. Whether pregnancies conceived through assisted reproductive technology (ART) are at an increased risk of loss is inconclusive, and data on maternal age-, ART type-, and gestational age-specific risk of loss are limited. Data on 148,494 ART ...
Adesiyun A G - - 2007
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal complications and fetal outcome of triplet gestations. METHOD: Retrospective study of pregnant women with triplet gestation managed in 10 years. RESULTS: Fourteen women were managed with triplet gestation, of these, (71.4%) were booked for antenatal care and four (28.6%) were unbooked. The mean age of the ...
Kor-anantakul Ounjai - - 2007
AIM: To determine the outcomes of multifetal pregnancies and to compare maternal and neonatal complications between spontaneously conceived and assisted reproductive therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the information from medical records relating to all multifetal pregnancies. The outcomes were analyzed and used for a comparison between spontaneous ...
Gersell Deborah J - - 2007
Any discussion of multiple pregnancy figures prominently in the consideration of the medicolegal aspects of placental pathology. Multiple gestations are common and becoming more so with assisted reproductive techniques, and multiples are associated with a disproportionate share of complications that may result in disputes over quality of care. Higher rates ...
Luke Barbara - - 2007
To evaluate the risks of pregnancy complications and adverse outcomes associated with increasing maternal age and higher plurality. Population-based, historic cohort study. US birth certificates and infant death certificates. Live births of > or =20 weeks gestation between 1995-2000: 22,991,306 singleton, 316,696 twin, and 12,193 triplet pregnancies. None. Pregnancy-associated hypertension, ...
Britt David W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the information-sharing strategies of couples considering fetal reduction, and the impact of these strategies on the chances of encountering hostility in their social networks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design of semistructured qualitative interviews, coded with respect to sharing strategies and level of personally directed hostility encountered. SETTING: Multiple Pregnancy ...
de Mouzon Jacques - - 2007
The impact of infertility treatments on the frequency of multiple pregnancies in France was investigated using data on total multiple deliveries and multiple deliveries from assisted reproduction and intrauterine insemination (IUI) between 1994 and 2004, and by making assumptions about the expected rate of natural multiple deliveries. During this period, ...
Collins John - - 2007
Multiple births, which account for approximately 3% of births and 14% of infant deaths, are increasing in frequency. Multiple birth rates began to decline in the 1950s, reaching a minimum in the 1970s and rising since then. Both twin and triplet rates followed the same rising trend until 1998, after ...
Zuppa Antonio A - - 2007
AIMS: The purpose of this study is to compare neonatal outcomes of spontaneously conceived triplets with triplets conceived by assisted reproduction. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all cases from assisted triplet pregnancies and controls from spontaneous triplet pregnancies. A total of 24 triplet pregnancies were studied: six ...
Gerris Jan - - 2007
In Antwerp, single embryo transfers (SET) have increased, and this change in policy has seen the incidence of singletons rise from 70 to 90%, twins drop from 25 to 10%, and triplets drop from 1-2% to none at all. At a national and regional level, changes have been much more ...
Felberbaum Ricardo E - - 2007
The high incidence of multiple pregnancies after application of techniques for assisted reproduction is a phenomenon of major concern worldwide. High order multiples in particular have to be regarded as a serious adverse event. However, data show that in Europe, although the situation varies from country to country, multiple births, ...
Aurell Ramón - - 2006
Multiple pregnancies following assisted reproductive techniques (ART) became an epidemic in the early nineties. Since then, most European countries have tried to apply restrictive policies to avoid multiples and high order multiples as far as possible. Those pregnancies may cause severe consequences to both the fetuses and mother. Economic, social ...
Wang Hui-Lan - - 2006
This study explores lived experiences of Taiwanese women with multifetal pregnancies who receive fetal reduction. This qualitative study adopted a field method with observer-as-participant approach to collect data. Six subjects were recruited from a medical center using purposive sampling. Most of the subjects were contacted nine times. The total time ...
Tita Alan T N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of number of anomalous fetuses on the prevalence of very preterm births (< 32 weeks), very low birth weight (< 1,500 g), and small for gestational age (SGA) infants among their normal cotriplets. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of United States triplet births from 1995 to 2000 ...
Wegrzyn P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the placental volume at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks' gestation between singleton and multiple pregnancies and to examine the possible effect of chorionicity on placental volume. METHODS: The placental volume was measured by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound using the Virtual Organ Computer-aided AnaLysis (VOCAL) technique ...
Schieve Laura A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the validity of a question on assisted reproductive technology (ART) incorporated into the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) in 2000. While the intent of the question is to ascertain whether the index infant was conceived using ART, the phrasing was ambiguous for women who had used ...
Al-Suleiman S A - - 2006
The incidence of multiple pregnancies with more than two fetuses has significantly increased since the introduction of ovulation agents and assisted reproductive technologies. Over a 15-year period there were 35 triplet pregnancies beyond 24 weeks that delivered at the King Fahad Hospital, an incidence of 1 in 1,099 deliveries. Early ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2006
It is customary to estimate the uteroplacental function in singletons by defining appropriateness of birth weight by gestational age. Such a measure, however, is not available for the entire multiple pregnancy set. We evaluate a new index, total triplet birth weight, expressed as multiples of the median (MOM) birth weight ...
Lewi Liesbeth - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to document pregnancy and infant outcome after cord coagulation with laser and/or bipolar as a technique for selective feticide in complicated monochorionic multiple pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study in 2 tertiary fetal medicine centers. RESULTS: Eighty cases were included in the study (73 twins, ...
Kao Sheng-Po - - 2006
Due to a surge in the availability of assisted reproductive techniques (ART), the incidence of multiple pregnancies is increasing. Preterm labor is a major complication in such pregnancies. Preterm delivery of the first fetus is often followed by delivery of the remaining fetuses. However, conservative management and delayed interval delivery ...
Bielski Robert J - - 2006
Intrauterine crowding has been implicated as a risk factor in several orthopaedic conditions, such as developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), metatarsus adductus, and torticollis. The goal of this study was to see whether orthopaedic conditions associated with intrauterine crowding were more frequent in multiple gestation pregnancies, specifically in triplets. ...
Ledger William L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost to the NHS resulting from multiple pregnancies arising from IVF treatment in the UK, and to compare those costs with the cost to the NHS due to singleton pregnancies resulting from IVF treatment. DESIGN: A modelling study using data from published literature and cost data ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik - - 2006
Non-selective multifetal pregnancy reduction is carried out to reduce healthy higher order multiple fetuses to one or two fetuses. No studies exist to show any benefit of this practice and a Cochrane review, as well as investigators in the field, have not found any justification for such practice. From a ...
Bardis Nikolaos - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To collect data on every baby born in one week in the United Kingdom with respect to mode of conception, multiplicity of pregnancy, and outcome. DESIGN: A questionnaire completed by the midwife birth attendant. SETTING: All maternity units in the United Kingdom. PATIENT(S): All mothers delivering during the week ...
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