Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 779
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Dante G - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The use of herbal remedies has been documented both among various patient groups and in the general population to promote health. The aim of this systematic review is to analyze the benefits of herb use during pregnancy. Methods: A systematic literature search that covering the period between January ...
Shaaban Omar M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The use of breastfeeding as a method of birth spacing occasionally ends in "unplanned pregnancy." This is due to unexpected expiration of one or more of the lactation amenorrhea method (LAM) prerequisites. The current study tests a new concept that the in-advance provision of single packet of progestogen emergency ...
Ding Mingshuang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ginger has been used throughout the world as a therapeutic agent for centuries. The herb is increasingly used in Western society also, with one of the most common indications being pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting (PNV). OBJECTIVES: To examine the evidence for the safety and effectiveness of ginger for PNV. ...
Rodriguez Mi - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Rodriguez M, Seuc A, Sokal D. Comparative efficacy of postpartum sterilisation with the titanium clip versus partial salpingectomy: a randomised controlled trial. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03482.x. A multicentre trial was conducted to compare efficacy of postpartum sterilisation with clip and partial salpingectomy. Life-table estimates of ...
Weghofer Andrea - - 2012
BACKGROUNDFor decades androgens have been considered detrimental to follicle maturation. Animal studies now suggest that they are essential for normal folliculogenesis. Especially in women with premature ovarian aging (POA), recent IVF data in humans are supportive. The literature also suggests an association between recently reported ovarian genotypes of the FMR1 ...
Bosdou J K - - 2012
BACKGROUNDThe aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the role of androgens or androgen-modulating agents on the probability of pregnancy achievement in poor responders undergoing IVF.METHODSMedline, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched for the identification of randomized controlled trials evaluating the administration of testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), ...
Wang Fang - - 2012
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects approximately 6-10% of women of reproductive age and is characterized by chronic anovulation and hyperandrogenism. However, a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms that dictate androgen overproduction is lacking, which may account for inconsistencies between measures of androgen excess and clinical presentation in individual cases. ...
Nakata-Konishi Mariyo - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with intrapartum asphyxia in singleton deliveries beyond 37 weeks' gestation. We reviewed the obstetric records of Japanese singleton deliveries after 37 weeks' gestation managed at Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital from 2005 through 2010. Forty-nine cases were diagnosed ...
Khalafallah Alhossain A - - 2012
To date, there are no data available concerning the impact of iron therapy on the long-term well-being and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in pregnancy. To assess the long-term effect of iron therapy on HRQoL in pregnancy. This is a follow-up study conducted between January 2010 and January 2011 of ...
Curtis Kathryn - - 2012
Objectives. Yoga is used for a variety of immunological, neuromuscular, psychological, and pain conditions. Recent studies indicate that it may be effective in improving pregnancy, labour, and birth outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the existing literature on yoga for pregnancy. Methods. Six databases were searched using ...
Al-Maawali Almundher - - 2012
One of my 35-year-old pregnant patients has been treated with enalapril for primary hypertension. She learned she was pregnant at 11 weeks' gestation. I read somewhere that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors can cause malformations. What advice do you give to Motherisk callers? Most published studies have failed to show an ...
Kroese Anja C J - - 2012
A varicocele is a meshwork of distended blood vessels in the scrotum, usually left-sided, due to dilatation of the spermatic vein. Although the concept that a varicocele causes male subfertility has been around for more than 50 years now, the mechanisms by which a varicocele would affect fertility have not ...
Dodd Jodie M - - 2012
When couples are faced with the dilemma of a higher-order multiple pregnancy there are three options. Termination of the entire pregnancy has generally not been acceptable to women, especially for those with a past history of infertility. Attempting to continue with all the fetuses is associated with inherent problems of ...
Fawole Bukola - - 2012
Maternal oxygen administration has been used in an attempt to lessen fetal distress by increasing the available oxygen from the mother. This has been used for suspected fetal distress during labour, and prophylactically during the second stage of labour on the assumption that the second stage is a time of ...
Carney Sarah-Kate - - 2012
Failure of implantation and conception may result from an inability of the blastocyst to escape from its outer coat, which is known as the zona pellucida. Artificial disruption of this coat is known as assisted hatching and has been proposed as a method for improving the success of assisted conception ...
Tan Kelvin H - - 2012
Antenatal maternal glucose administration has been suggested to improve the efficiency of antepartum fetal heart rate testing. The objective of this review was to assess the merits or adverse effects of antenatal maternal glucose administration in conjunction with tests of fetal wellbeing. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's ...
Coleman Tim - - 2012
Smoking in pregnancy is a substantial public health problem. When used by non-pregnant smokers, pharmacotherapies [nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), bupropion and varenicline] are effective treatments for smoking cessation, however, their efficacy and safety in pregnancy remains unknown. To determine the efficacy and safety of smoking cessation pharmacotherapies, including NRT, varenicline ...
Veltman-Verhulst Susanne M - - 2012
Intra-uterine insemination (IUI) is a widely used fertility treatment for couples with unexplained subfertility. Although IUI is less invasive and less expensive than in vitro fertilisation (IVF), the safety of IUI in combination with ovarian hyperstimulation (OH) is debated. The main concern about IUI treatment with OH is the increase ...
Yamasmit Waralak - - 2012
Twin pregnancies are associated with a high risk of neonatal mortality and morbidity due to an increased rate of preterm birth. Betamimetics can decrease contraction frequency or delay preterm birth in singleton pregnancies by 24 to 48 hours. The efficacy of oral betamimetics in women with a twin pregnancy is ...
Haider Batool A - - 2012
Multiple-micronutrient deficiencies often coexist in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother. Substantive evidence regarding the effectiveness of multiple-micronutrient supplements (MMS) during pregnancy is not available. To evaluate the benefits to both mother and infant ...
Lim Angelina - - 2012
Uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy is associated with the maternal hazards of disease exacerbation, and perinatal hazards including intrauterine growth restriction and preterm birth. Interventions directed at achieving better asthma control during pregnancy should be considered a high priority in order to optimise both maternal and perinatal outcomes. Poor compliance with ...
Norman Wendy V - - 2012
We describe the rationale and protocol for a randomized noninferiority controlled trial (RCT) to determine if the Flexi-T380(+) copper intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is comparable in terms of effectiveness and expulsion rates to the most common Canadian IUD currently in use, NovaT-200, when placed immediately after a first-trimester abortion. Consenting ...
Orenstein Lauren A V - - 2012
Maternal immunization has gained traction as a strategy to diminish maternal and young infant mortality attributable to infectious diseases. Background rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes are crucial to interpret results of clinical trials in Sub-Saharan Africa. We developed a mathematical model that calculates a clinical trial's expected number of neonatal ...
Hudic Igor I Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Clinical Center, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. - - 2012
To compare the rate of uterine scar disruption after a locked versus an unlocked single-layer closure of the hysterotomy incision at a previous cesarean. A retrospective cohort study in a population where both locked and unlocked single-layer closure are commonly used. All singleton pregnancies at 24 weeks' gestation or more ...
van Lonkhuijzen Luc L Center for Gynecologic Oncology, AMC, Amsterdam, Netherlands. - - 2012
A maternity waiting home (MWH) is a facility within easy reach of a hospital or health centre which provides emergency obstetric care (EmOC). Women may stay in the MWH at the end of their pregnancy and await labour. Once labour starts, women move to the health facility so that labour ...
Ussher Michael M Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 ORE, UK. - - 2012
Many women try to stop smoking in pregnancy but fail. One difficulty is that there is insufficient evidence that medications for smoking cessation are effective and safe in pregnancy and thus many women prefer to avoid these. Physical activity (PA) interventions may assist cessation; however, trials examining these interventions have ...
Diav-Citrin Orna - - 2012
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are increasingly prescribed during pregnancy. The purpose of the present paper is to summarize and evaluate the current evidence for the risk/benefit analysis of SSRI use in human pregnancy. The literature has been inconsistent. Although most studies have not shown an increase in the overall ...
Lathi Ruth B - - 2011
This prospective cohort study of infertility patients compared testosterone concentrations in early pregnancy in infertility patients who conceived naturally or after treatment. Although all groups demonstrated some increase in pregnancy testosterone from baseline concentrations, subjects who conceived following ovulation induction showed a significantly increased rise in testosterone as compared with ...
Sværdborg Mille - - 2011
Abstract We present a case of a giant lymphatic malformation of the chest and abdominal wall that was diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy. It was treated by one stage excision with good functional and cosmetic outcomes.
Källén Bengt - - 2012
In most epidemilogical studies, the problem of confounding adds to the uncertainty in conclusions drawn. This is also true for studies on the effect of maternal drug use on birth defect risks. This paper describes various types of such confounders and discusses methods to identify and adjust for them. Such ...
Eltonsy Sherif - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Treatment of asthma symptoms during pregnancy is crucial for maternal and fetal health. Short-acting beta(2) -agonists (SABA) are frequently used as rescue medications and long-acting beta(2) -agonists (LABA) are used as add-on controller therapy for asthma during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the association ...
Shrim Alon - - 2011
Background: Cloacal malformation is extremely rare, occurring in approximately 1 in 25 000 births. It frequently has associated Müllerian anomalies that require surgical correction. Case: We describe here a patient with cloacal malformation, solitary kidney, bilateral fallopian tube obstruction, and didelphic uterus who required in vitro fertilization to conceive. Conclusion: ...
Danzer Enrico - - 2011
Myelomeningocele (MMC), one of the most common congenital malformations, can result in severe lifelong disabilities, including paraplegia, hydrocephalus, Chiari II malformation (CM-II), incontinence, sexual dysfunction, skeletal deformations and mental impairment. MMC was the first nonlethal anomaly to be treated by fetal surgery. Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that the primary ...
Benute Gláucia R G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: this study investigated the feelings of women regarding end-of-life decision making after ultrasound diagnosis of a lethal fetal malformation. The aim of this study was to present the decision making process of women that chose for pregnancy termination and to present selected speeches of women about their feelings. DESIGN: ...
Ryckewaert-D'Halluin A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal management and to define the criteria of gravity for accurate assessment of the renal and overall prognosis of fetuses presenting malformations of the urinary tract. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of 127 cases of urinary tract malformation. We carried out descriptive statistical and univariate ...
Danzer Enrico - - 2011
Myelomeningocele (MMC), one of the most common congenital malformations, can result in severe lifelong disabilities, including paraplegia, hydrocephalus, Chiari II malformation, bowel and bladder dysfunction, skeletal deformations, and neurocognitive impairment. Experimental studies provide compelling evidence that the neurological deficits associated with MMC are not simply caused by incomplete neurulation but ...
Gilliam David - - 2011
Genetic factors influence adverse pregnancy outcome in both humans and animal models. Animal research reveals that both the maternal and fetal genetic profiles are important for determining the risk of physical birth defects and prenatal mortality. Using a reciprocal-cross breeding design, we investigated whether the mother's genes may be more ...
Sala P - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and kind of congenital malformations in assisted reproductive technology (ART) pregnancies. This study included pregnancies conceived by in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), evaluated in a referral center for prenatal diagnosis between January 2008 and December 2009. ...
Joó Gábor József - - 2011
Multiple pregnancies present a special obstetric condition whose importance has increased due to the spread of assisted reproductive techniques. We have processed the fetopathological data of 43 abortions induced in mid-term gemini pregnancies, owing to malformations affecting one or both fetuses. 67.4% of the gemini pregnancies were conceived naturally and ...
Larfors Gunnar - - 2011
Although maternal haematopoiesis is characterised by rapid proliferation and immunological adjustment, leukaemia seldom occurs in pregnant women. In this case-control study we investigated pregnancy and risk of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). 785 women with AML diagnosed in ages 15 to 50, were compared to 1576 age and sex matched controls. ...
Larson D M - - 2011
Two experiments at 2 Nebraska locations evaluated effects of heifer development system on growth and pregnancy rate. In Exp. 1, heifers (n = 270, 225 ± 2 kg) grazed winter Sandhills range (WR) or west central Nebraska corn residue (CR) with a supplement (0.45 kg/animal; 31% CP; 80 mg·animal(-1)·d(-1) monensin). ...
Nanassy Laszlo - - 2011
During spermiogenesis, human sperm undergo a dramatic reorganization of the chromatin in which canonical histones are replaced by two types of protamines, protamine 1 (P1) and protamine (P2). P1 and P2 are expressed approximately at a 1:1 ratio in healthy men. Alteration of this ratio is associated with male infertility. ...
Ortega-Deballon Pablo - - 2011
Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) can improve survival in selected patients with primary or secondary peritoneal malignancies. With the opportunity for long-term survival, questions about the impact of those procedures in fertility in women of childbearing age can be raised. An international survey was performed among all ...
Gnisci Audrey - - 2011
Our finding that creatine phosphokinase level was significantly higher in women successfully treated for ectopic pregnancy with only a single injection of methotrexate suggests that this indicator predicts this outcome.
Tomson Torbjörn - - 2011
It is well established that children exposed to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in utero have an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes including foetal growth retardation, major congenital malformations and impaired postnatal cognitive development. However, due to the significant maternal and foetal risks associated with uncontrolled epileptic seizures, AED treatment is ...
Olson K M - - 2011
First-lactation Holstein (HH), Jersey (JJ), and crossbred cows (HJ and JH, with sire breed listed first, followed by dam breed) were observed for cumulative energy intake (CEI15) and energy used for milk production (CEL15) at wk 15 of lactation in addition to recordings of health problems and pregnancy. Cumulative energy ...
Braems Geert - - 2011
For premenopausal patients with receptor-positive early breast cancer, administration of tamoxifen for 5 years constitutes the main adjuvant endocrine therapy. During pregnancy, tamoxifen and its metabolites interact with rapidly growing and developing embryonic or fetal tissues. Information about tamoxifen and pregnancy was gathered by searching PubMed. In addition, we had ...
Vitoratos Nikolaos - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate alterations in the concentrations of osteoprotegerin (OPG), RANKL and the OPG/RANKL ratio in pre-eclamptic women during the puerperium. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was performed in the maternity ward of Aretaieio Hospital in Athens, Greece. Fifteen pregnant women with severe pre-eclampsia and 15 matched controls with premature ...
Wimalasundera R C - - 2010
The substantial increase in high order multiple pregnancies in the last two decades as a result of assisted reproductive techniques has necessitated the development of multifetal pregnancy reduction as a management tool to decrease fetal number and improve perinatal survival. The evidence in favour of reduction in pregnancies with more ...
Paramasivam G - - 2010
Monochorionic pregnancies present unique challenges for selective fetal reduction, as vaso-occlusive procedures are required to ablate blood flow, usually in the umbilical cord, to achieve asystole in the selected fetus. We describe a case series of 35 monochorionic pregnancies (27 twins and eight triplets) undergoing selective fetal reduction using radiofrequency ...
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