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Results 601 - 650 of 744
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Oga M - - 1995
The case of a Japanese female infant with thanatophoric dwarfism, a triplet, is reported. The diagnosis was made at 18 weeks' gestation. Triplets were delivered at 30 weeks' gestation by cesarean section. Two infants, both males, were normal; the female with dwarfism died of respiratory distress 34 min after delivery. ...
Kanhai H H - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the course of multifetal pregnancies and also the long-term pediatric and psychosocial follow-up of surviving offspring and their parents after selective reduction. DESIGN: Follow-up study. SETTING: University hospital and subject's homes. PATIENTS: Twenty-one couples with high-order multiple pregnancies resulting from infertility treatment were referred from all over ...
Stone J - - 1994
Multifetal pregnancy reduction offers an acceptable option to patients faced with the significant risk of long-term morbidity associated with multifetal gestation, especially gestation involving 4 or more fetuses. Until advances in reproductive technology eliminate the iatrogenic occurrence of multifetal gestation, and until progress in perinatal care decreases the threat of ...
Callahan T L - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Although the medical complications associated with multiple-gestation pregnancies have been well documented, little is known about the effects of such pregnancies on the use of health care resources and the associated costs. This is an important issue because of the increasing use of assisted-reproduction techniques, which commonly result in ...
Skrablin S - - 1994
The outcome of 26 multifetal pregnancies with single fetal demise after 12 weeks of pregnancy cared for at the University Medical School of Zagreb from 1986 to 1991 is presented. Growth retardation of dead and surviving infant and pathohistological findings consistent with reduced uterine blood flow to cotyledonary space was ...
Monteagudo A - - 1994
Our objective was to determine the best method to approach a multifetal pregnancy reduction of a patient with a multiple pregnancy of grand order (12 fetuses). Transvaginal ultrasound-guided reduction was performed in three stages. Successful outcome was achieved. The patient delivered twins at 37 weeks' gestation. The published and unpublished ...
Alcalay M - - 1994
Assessment of the last fetal biophysical profile score (BPS) (excluding nonstress test) prior to delivery was carried out in 35 triplet pregnancies. A normal BPS was found to be reliable in predicting nondistressed fetuses in triplets (specificity, 94.9%), while an equivocal BPS (6/8) had low sensitivity (14.3%) in predicting distressed ...
Rådestad A - - 1994
All departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, as well as all private clinics in Sweden offering assisted conception, were surveyed by means of a questionnaire to determine the utilization rate and outcome of multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFR) for the period 1 January 1986 to 30 June 1992. The response rae was ...
Lipitz S - - 1994
The possible relationship between the season of conception after ovulation induction and high-order multifetal pregnancies, was investigated. From 1975 to 1989, 111 high-order multiple births after ovulation induction were recorded at the Chaim Sheba Medical Center. This group was compared with 142 singleton pregnancies that resulted from induction of ovulation ...
Braat D D - - 1994
A triplet pregnancy is reported in an acromegalic woman with hypothalamic amenorrhoea treated with pulsatile gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The patient was on bromocriptine medication and had slightly elevated growth hormone (GH) and somatomedin-C (Sm-C) levels. This probably accounted for the conception of triplets in the first stimulation cycle.
Monteagudo A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the chorionic and amniotic types in multifetal pregnancies with transvaginal ultrasonography at > or = 14 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred twelve multifetal pregnancies were scanned transvaginally at or before 14 weeks' gestation. The number of fetuses and the chorionic and amniotic type ...
Evans M I - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: Two major approaches for multifetal pregnancy reduction have been developed over the past several years: transabdominal potassium chloride by injection and pelvic procedures by either transcervical aspiration or transvaginal potassium chloride injection or by an automated spring-loaded puncture device. The purpose of this study was to create the largest ...
Lipitz S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the outcome of triplet pregnancies managed expectantly or by multifetal reduction to twins. STUDY DESIGN: From January 1984 through January 1992, 140 triplet gestations were diagnosed before the ninth gestational week. Multifetal pregnancy reduction was performed at the patient's request in 34 women. The ...
Clarke J P - - 1994
The outcome of 19 triplet pregnancies delivered at Waikato Women's Hospital is analyzed, with particular regard to the mode of delivery. During the period 1981-1992 the incidence of triplets was 1:1,945. Twelve sets of triplets were delivered by Caesarean section (63%) with 6 perinatal deaths occurring in this group, compared ...
el-Tabbakh G H - - 1994
Spontaneous quadruplet pregnancies are exceptional. As compared with singleton pregnancies, quadruplets are associated with a higher incidence of preterm labor, first-trimester bleeding, toxemia, anemia, stillbirths and perinatal deaths. We report a 25-year-old, black woman with a spontaneous quadruplet pregnancy. The patient had had a previous twin pregnancy and was herself ...
Chavkin Y - - 1994
Due to the increased availability of infertility treatment, multiple pregnancies, with various resulting complications have become more common. A woman in the 19th week of a triplet pregnancy came to the hospital after the miscarriage of one of the fetuses at home. In keeping with our philosophy of minimal intervention ...
Parazzini F - - 1994
Over the last decades the frequency of multiple births has been on the decline in most developed countries. This trend, however, has been restricted to dizygotic twins, while monozygotic rates have remained stable or risen slowly. In more recent years, however, the fall in multiple dizygotic birth rates has ceased ...
Pachì A - - 1994
In the present study 90 multiple pregnancies were examined. These were subdivided on the basis of the number of embryos involved (74 twins, 10 triplets, 6 quintuplets) and on whether they were followed at our clinic for the entire pregnancy or not. In each group we analysed certain variables, calculating ...
Chen S C - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Assisted conception not only raises the pregnancy rate by treating infertility, but also increases the chance of obstetrical complication of multiple pregnancy. So it is important to develop a means by which the number of developing embryos can be reduced. METHODS: Eight multiply pregnant women (from triplets to octuplets) ...
Lipitz S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancy outcome after either transabdominal or transvaginal multifetal pregnancy reduction. DESIGN: A study of 72 consecutive multifetal pregnancy reductions. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center Tel Hashomer, Israel. PATIENTS: Seventy-two patients with multifetal pregnancies: 2 twins, 27 triplets, 26 quadruplets, 10 quintuplets, ...
Tannirandorn Y - - 1994
Multifetal pregnancy reduction was performed in a patient with quadruplet pregnancy at the 12th week of gestation. Reduction of the fetuses to two was carried out by injecting potassium chloride solution into the fetal chest under transabdominal ultrasound guidance. No complications were encountered and the woman was delivered of healthy ...
Avrech O - - 1993
We present a case of dizygotic triplet pregnancy (mono-amniotic twins and a singleton) that, as far as we know, is the first reported one induced by artificial reproductive technology. It ended in the delivery of three healthy normal babies: two monozygotic twin boys and a girl. It appears that zygote ...
Lipitz S - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of fertility drugs and IVF on the outcome of triplet pregnancies. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: A single university medical center. PATIENTS: One hundred six consecutive triplet pregnancies treated from 1984 through 1992. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The frequency of pregnancy loss, livebirths, and antenatal and ...
Mitra A G - - 1993
Multiple gestations are increasing in frequency secondary to assisted reproductive technologies; therefore, it will become increasingly important to know how to manage a multiple pregnancy in which an in utero fetal death has occurred. This case report describes the spontaneous resolution of maternal hypofibrinogenemia associated with the deaths of two ...
Macones G A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the perinatal outcome of triplet pregnancies reduced to twins with the outcomes of continuing triplet pregnancies and twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnancy outcomes of triplet pregnancies reduced to twins delivered between July 1988 and July 1992 were compared with pregnancy outcomes of continuing triplet ...
Shushan A - - 1993
Sonographic growth curves of 47 normal triplet pregnancies were compared with those of 71 uncomplicated twin gestations. Starting from the 25th week, the biparietal diameter in triplets was found to lag progressively compared with that of twins, reaching a mean difference of 2 weeks at 36 weeks gestation. Similarly, a ...
Boulot P - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of selective termination in triplet pregnancies. DESIGN: Comparative, prospective, nonrandomized study. SETTING: All 80 pregnancies were managed in a single tertiary center by the same obstetrical team. PATIENTS: Eighty women with triplet pregnancies were divided into two groups: group I consisted of 48 women who ...
Bollen N - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pregnancy outcome after selective embryo reduction by transcervical aspiration or transvaginal puncture and intrathoracal injection with potassium chloride (KCl) in triplet pregnancies occurring after assisted procreation and to compare this outcome with that for triplets not undergoing embryo reduction. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: In vitro fertilization ...
Orlebeke J F - - 1993
From 112 triplet sets, born in The Netherlands from the end of 1986 to the beginning of 1991 and registered in the Dutch Twin Register, several details such as birth weight, gestational age, zygosity, and etiology were assessed by questionnaire, which was filled out by the mother. For 33 triplet ...
Evans M I - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transabdominal multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) in the management of iatrogenic and spontaneous multifetal pregnancies. METHODS: Data were combined from 463 completed pregnancies that underwent MFPR at major worldwide centers. RESULTS: Multifetal pregnancy reduction was performed with a 100% technical success rate (there ...
Tabsh K M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate multifetal pregnancy reduction as a treatment for patients seeking to reduce the risks of multiple gestation. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one women had transabdominal multifetal pregnancy reduction performed by a single practitioner; 103 have delivered. RESULTS: Multifetal pregnancy reduction was associated with a 7% pregnancy loss rate and ...
Ron-El R - - 1993
Induction of ovulation has its own risks. Since this treatment is elective the physician should be convinced that it is really indicated for the specific patient. Multiple pregnancies still occur in 4 to 15% in in vivo treatment and in 15 to 20% in assisted reproduction. Abortions occur in 20% ...
Monteagudo A - - 1993
This report contains the experience of our centre, using the transvaginally guided puncture procedure, to reduce the number of fetuses in a multifetal pregnancy to a lower number. The aim of the procedure was to improve perinatal outcome and/or to meet the personal desires of patients and their families. We ...
Mordel N - - 1993
Discordancy in twins is generally described as a weight difference between the fetuses of 15 to 25% and its prevalence in normal twin gestations is estimated at 15 to 29%. The present study was performed in order to determine the frequency of discordant newborns in uncomplicated triplet gestations. One hundred ...
Benshushan A - - 1993
In the present study we summarized the world literature on first trimester multifetal pregnancy reduction between 1985 and 1992 and added our own experience. Our aim was to reach a comprehensive view on the survival rate of reduced high multifetal pregnancies, as the data in various studies are somewhat confusing, ...
Mordel N - - 1993
The diagnosis of inappropriate intrauterine fetal growth in triplet pregnancies requires normal standard sonographically determined growth curves. The aim of the present study was to establish such nomograms. The biparietal diameter (BPD), femur length, head and abdominal circumferences (HC, AC) were once in 3 weeks sonographically evaluated in 108 normal ...
Tuppin P - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To point out the association between infertility treatments and the increasing number of multiple deliveries. DESIGN: Comparison over time of the incidence of multiple deliveries, the proportion of deliveries resulting from assisted conception (AC), and ovulation inductor sales. DATA: Use of existing statistics: vital statistics, surveys of AC centres ...
Desai S K - - 1993
In pregnancies with multiple gestation, an adverse outcome is directly proportional to the number of fetuses within the uterus, primarily because of an increased predisposition to premature delivery. Although there is a good deal of information about multifetal reduction in triplets and quadruplets and even quintuplets, there is very little ...
Timor-Tritsch I E - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: This report reviews multifetal pregnancy reductions performed transvaginally and tests the feasibility and associated pregnancy loss rates with this technique. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred thirty-four consecutive multifetal pregnancy reductions were analyzed regarding different aspects of total pregnancy losses and complications. The first 40 manually performed were compared with the ...
Byrne B M - - 1993
Nineteen sets of triplets were delivered in the National Maternity Hospital between January 1st 1980 and December 31st 1990 inclusive. Thirteen triplet pregnancies resulted from spontaneous ovulation and six from ovulation induction therapy for infertility. Management was conservative. Bed rest and home monitoring were not advised routinely and cervical cerclage ...
Gerris J - - 1993
In a patient with primary infertility, ovulation was induced by monitored stimulation with human menopausal gonadotrophins (HMG) because of polycystic ovarian disease. Infertility work-up had shown a unicornuate uterus with a cavitary communicating rudimentary horn. The husband showed a varicocele-related moderate oligo-asthenoteratozoospermia. A triplet pregnancy occurred in a third HMG ...
Check J H - - 1993
A group of 32 women with at least 3 or more viable fetuses by sonography at approximately 8 weeks gestation were given the option of selective reduction. They were advised that this was a relatively new procedure but heretofore in a small series was not associated with a significant increase ...
Mordel N - - 1993
The incidence of triplet pregnancies has increased several times due to the widespread use of ovulation induction agents. Premature delivery is the main complication of triplet gestations. In twin conceptions it was shown definitely that elective cervical suture does not prolong these pregnancies. However, in higher order multifetal gestations the ...
Check J H - - 1993
Pregnancies are now being reported resulting from fertilization of donor oocytes in women with ovarian failure. A case of triplets in a Turner mosaic is reported herein following transfers of embryos resulting from donor oocytes. She had previously demonstrated a normal sized uterine cavity by hysterosalpingography. The opinion from our ...
Check J H - - 1993
In multicenter studies involving 3002 courses of human menopausal gonadotropins (hMG) therapy in 1286 patients, 20% of the patients who delivered had multiple gestations; 75% of these were twins and 25% were triplets or higher parity. Our stimulation regimen is very conservative in that we 1) try to allow a ...
Boulot P - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: The effect of selective fetocide on the course of 61 multiple pregnancies. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: A tertiary centre. SUBJECTS: 61 women whose pregnancies included 37 triplets, 18 quadruplets, 5 quintuplets and 1 hepatuplet; 97% followed IVF or the induction of ovulation. The aim of the procedure in ...
Pryde P G - - 1992
The spontaneous occurrence of triplets is rare. With increased utilization of "assisted reproductive technologies," multifetal gestations have become more common. The empiric fetal risk for major malformation is approximately 3%. In a triplet pregnancy each fetus independently carries this risk so that the probability of having at least one malformed ...
Erickson P - - 1992
Monovision (MV) contact lens correction of presbyopia induces substantial reductions in stereoacuity and small reductions in binocular visual acuity (VA). This study examined those effects in a group of successful and a group of unsuccessful MV patients. Compared to performance with a full binocular correction, the unsuccessful group demonstrated significant ...
Yovel I - - 1992
A total of 30 patients with multifetal pregnancies, all resulting from treatment with superovulatory agents or assisted reproductive techniques, underwent embryo reduction. All patients had three or more fetuses (one sextuplet, two quintuplets, seven quadruplets and 20 triplets). The procedure was carried out using intra-embryonal injection of 0.9% sodium chloride ...
Yosipovitch Z - - 1992
A 24-year-old woman in her 20th week of pregnancy sustained a severely displaced acetabular fracture. Skeletal traction failed to achieve reduction. Open reduction and internal fixation were performed through an extended iliofemoral approach without affecting the pregnancy. At full term, she had a normal delivery. Four years after the injury, ...
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