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Results 551 - 600 of 745
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Dietterich C - - 1997
The high rate of multiple gestations following ovulation induction with and without assisted reproductive technologies (ART) has led to an increased interest in selective reduction. The aim of this study was to compare pregnancy outcome of 6 triplet and 2 quintuplet pregnancies following selective reduction to twins to a group ...
Doyle P - - 1996
The incidence of multiple pregnancy and delivery has increased dramatically over the past 10-15 years in many developed countries of the world. Data for England and Wales show that between 1980 and 1993 the twin maternity rate increased by approximately 25% and the triplet and higher order maternity rate more ...
Foreman-van Drongelen M M - - 1996
The essential fatty acid (EFA) status of full-term infants born after an uneventful, singleton pregnancy has been reported to be marginal. If this low EFA status is caused by a limiting maternal EFA supply, the higher total fetal EFA demand associated with a multiple pregnancy would result in an even ...
Chang H C - - 1996
In multiple pregnancies, survival of remaining fetuses after premature death and delivery of one fetus is uncommon. We report a case of a triplet pregnancy that was reduced to twins at the 14th gestational week and then had preterm premature rupture of membranes and intrauterine fetal death of one twin ...
Sauer M V - - 1996
We analysed the results of oocyte donation to women of advanced reproductive age (> or = 45 years old) and followed their pregnancies through to delivery in order to assess obstetrical outcomes. Patients (n = 162) aged 45-59 years (mean +/- SD; 47.3 +/- 3.4 years) underwent 218 consecutive attempts ...
Sepulveda W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine chorionicity in triplet pregnancies by ultrasonographic assessment of the ipsilon zone, the junction of the three interfetal membranes. METHODS: The thickness of the component membranes in the ipsilon zone was studied to determine chorionicity in 28 triplet pregnancies, by retrospective examination of the ultrasonographic images taken at ...
Smith-Levitin M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate effects of multifetal pregnancy reduction on pregnancy complications and birth weights of remaining twin fetuses compared with expectantly managed triplets and nonreduced twins. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records of 54 triplet pregnancies, 59 twin pregnancies resulting from multifetal pregnancy reduction, and 88 sets of twins ...
Hall A - - 1996
This article examines the technique and legality of induced abortion of one or more fetuses in a multiple pregnancy, where the aim is the destruction of some but not all of the fetuses present (selective reduction of pregnancy). It concludes that since the legal status of the procedure in English ...
Berghella V - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Successful delay of aftercoming siblings is an infrequent event in obstetrics. No case of second-trimester operative vaginal evacuation of a fetus followed by delayed delivery of the remaining siblings has been described previously. CASE: A triplet pregnancy was complicated by preterm rupture of membranes at 17 weeks' gestation, followed ...
Skupski D W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the risk for preeclampsia and severe preeclampsia in triplet and twin gestations and to evaluate the effect of successful implantation on the development of preeclampsia and on perinatal outcome in triplet pregnancies conceived by means of in vitro fertilization. STUDY DESIGN: A case control ...
Antsaklis A - - 1996
One triplet and two twin pregnancies, with a delayed delivery of 70, 98 and 85 days, respectively, are presented. In all cases one neonate survived. Regarding both the literature and our own cases, we can make the following management suggestions: (a) the cord should be ligated as high as possible; ...
Radestad A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To review the utilization rate and pregnancy outcome of multifetal pregnancy reductions (MFR) in the Nordic countries during the period January 1986-June 1992. STUDY DESIGN: All centers offering assisted conception in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden were retrospectively surveyed by means of a questionnaire with regard to the number ...
Ho M L - - 1996
Neonates of 34 triplet pregnancies were admitted to our neonatal unit over a twelve-year period (1983 to 1995), with an incidence of 1 out of 812 deliveries. Thirty (88%) of the pregnancies were the result of ovulation induction and artificial fertilization: artificial insemination from husband (n = 3), in vitro ...
Groutz A - - 1996
Multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) appears to be an efficacious method for improving the perinatal outcome of 'high order' multifetal gestations. The present study was undertaken to evaluate pregnancy outcomes after MFPR to twins in comparison with spontaneously conceived twins. In all, 10 patients with quadruplet gestation (group 1) and 30 ...
Haning R V RV - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of multifetal reduction and other variables on the duration of gestation of in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancies. METHODS: All 274 IVF pregnancies from the inception of the Women and Infants' Hospital IVF Program on May 26, 1988, until December 31, 1993, were evaluated. RESULTS: Spontaneous ...
Minakami H - - 1996
To clarify the optimal estimated date of delivery for multifetal pregnancies. A retrospective study of all 88,936 infants born of multifetal pregnancies and all 6,020,542 infants born of singleton pregnancies that occurred at 26 weeks or more of gestation between 1989 and 1993 in Japan. Incidence of stillbirth and early ...
Lipitz S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess the importance of amniotic fluid leakage in the early period ( < 14 days) after the fetal reduction procedure. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Pregnant women who underwent fetal reduction to twins in an academic, tertiary perinatal department. PATIENTS: Sixty triplet and 31 quadruplet pregnancies were identified ...
Berkowitz R L - - 1996
The number of women conceiving three or more fetuses has increased dramatically as a result of successful infertility therapy with ovulation-inducing agents and assisted reproductive technology. Higher-order multiple gestations have an increased risk of premature delivery and its attendant sequelae of increased neonatal mortality or irreversible morbidity. Multifetal pregnancy reduction ...
Depp R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study fetal growth after reduction of high-order multiple gestations to twins. STUDY DESIGN: Birth weight and gestational age data were collected for 236 triplet and greater multiple pregnancies reduced to twins (113 triplets, 89 quadruplets, and 34 quintuplets or above) and was compared with those ...
Goldfarb J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine attitudes regarding multiple pregnancy and multifetal pregnancy reduction in couples embarking on gonadotropin therapy. DESIGN: Questionnaire given to couples initiating gonadotropin therapy. Setting: University hospital-based infertility unit. PATIENTS: Twenty-seven couples undergoing IVF and 50 couples undergoing IUI. RESULTS: The groups' responses tended to be quite similar, with ...
Ziegler W F - - 1996
Multiple gestations have a significantly increased incidence of preterm labor and preterm rupture of membranes. This leads to an increase in neonatal morbidity and mortality due to prematurity. In this case, a 30-year-old woman achieved a triplet pregnancy by ovulation induction and intrauterine inseminations. Preterm premature rupture of membranes occurred ...
Abbas A - - 1996
Placental function in multifetal pregnancies before and after embryo reduction was investigated by measuring maternal serum concentrations of pregnancy associated placental protein-A (PAPP-A) and pregnancy specific beta-1-glycoprotein (SP-1). Three groups of pregnant women were studied following assisted reproduction; groups 1 and 2, were 12 singleton and 12 twin pregnancies respectively, ...
Salat-Baroux J - - 1996
Since 1980, the rate of multiple pregnancies due to assisted reproductive technology has been multiplied by 10, especially for twin pregnancies and for cases involving simple stimulation of ovulation. The prices paid are: an increase in prematurity (82% of deliveries); perinatal mortality (an increase of 74%); and transfer to intensive ...
Chua E K - - 1996
The incidence of multiple pregnancies is increasing due to a surge in the availability of assisted conception techniques. Spontaneous miscarriages, preterm labour and delivery are common complications of multiple pregnancies. In rare circumstances where the leading foetus has been expelled and the rest remain in utero, it is conventional to ...
Goldfarb J M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost per woman delivered of pregnancies from an in vitro fertilization (IVF) program, and to assess what factors contribute to the cost. METHODS: The cost during 2 years' experience of a single IVF program was analyzed retrospectively. Cost analysis included cost of the IVF procedure itself ...
Pons J C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Data on the prognosis and management of multifetal pregnancies are of vital importance, particularly when the option of selective termination is considered. The present study details the obstetric management, neonatal outcome, and follow-up data of 65 quadruplet pregnancies in France. METHODS: To conduct the study, a questionnaire was sent ...
Evans M I - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To develop the most up-to-date, complete data base of multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) from cases, and to provide the best counseling for couples with multifetal pregnancies. METHODS: From nine centers in five countries, 1789 completed MFPR cases were collected and outcomes evaluated. Pregnancy losses were defined as through 24 ...
Mantzavinos T - - 1996
The aim of this study was to compare the fetal loss between triplet pregnancies that underwent fetal reduction to twins and triplets which continued in spite of reduction being suggested to all of them. During a five year period a total of 3,518 cycles underwent ovarian stimulation with GnRH analogues, ...
Luke B - - 1996
The objective of this study was to determine the birthweight and gestational age associated with the lowest fetal mortality for twins and triplets. The study design was a population-based analysis of all live births and fetal deaths in the US between 1983-88. Fetal mortality was compared by categories of birthweight ...
Smith-Levitin M - - 1995
The incidence of multifetal pregnancies has been increasing steadily. Fetal complications such as prematurity, discordant growth, intrauterine fetal demise, twin-twin transfusion, and congenital anomalies account for a large share of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Maternal complications from multiple gestations are also significant. Recent trends in antepartum management such as multifetal ...
Alexander J M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To compare the obstetric outcomes of twin pregnancies obtained as a result of multifetal pregnancy reduction to those in which pregnancy reduction had not been used. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University-based tertiary care infertility clinic. PATIENTS: Seventy-four twin pregnancies continuing beyond 10 weeks. Of these, 32 gestations had undergone ...
Ormont M A - - 1995
Multifetal pregnancy reduction is the elective termination of gestation of a preselected number of fetuses in a multiple pregnancy to improve perinatal outcome. As improved techniques of infertility treatment are yielding more high-order multiple gestations, multifetal pregnancy reduction is being performed more frequently. The authors review the abundant literature on ...
Lynch L - - 1995
Our objective was to assess the accuracy of ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight in twins and triplets as compared to singleton pregnancies. Retrospective analysis was undertaken of ultrasound data of all fetuses who underwent an examination within 1 week of delivery (singletons 1832, twins 518, triplets 51). At birth weights ...
Belaisch-Allart J - - 1995
We report a case of monozygotic triplet pregnancy after the transfer of three frozen-thawed embryos. The outcome of the pregnancy was the birth of three healthy normal boys. The pregnancy was a monochorionic triamniotic triplet pregnancy. This is the first such case of triplets, although it seems that zygote splitting ...
Yuval Y - - 1995
This study was conducted to estimate intrauterine growth of triplet pregnancies from liveborn birth weights. During the years 1975-92, 109 sets of triplets were born at our hospital. Ten sets were excluded because of either major fetal anomalies or fetal death of one or more of the fetuses. The remaining ...
Wisanto A - - 1995
An evaluation of the outcome of pregnancies resulting from intracytoplasmic sperm injection for severe male factor infertility was conducted by analysing the data obtained from the patients and/or their obstetrician/gynaecologist on standardized questionnaires. The data from 424 pregnancies between April 1991 and September 1994 were analysed. Early pregnancy loss before ...
Newman R B - - 1995
Multiple gestations are increasingly more common and represent one of the highest risk conditions faced in pregnancy. The population-attributable fetal and newborn risks of twin and triplet gestations are compelling. This article is dedicated to a discussion of the antepartum management of multiple gestations and a conclusion that specialized care ...
Stone J - - 1995
The incidence of multifetal pregnancies has increased dramatically since the advent of assisted reproductive technologies. Preterm delivery accounts for most of the mortality associated with multifetal pregnancies. Multifetal pregnancy reduction is a safe and effective procedure designed to decrease the adverse outcomes associated with very preterm deliveries. The increased incidence ...
Bailey W - - 1995
Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is a pattern of malformation characterized by intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, limb asymmetry, triangular face, and hypospadias. We report on a patient, from a triplet pregnancy, who was one of identical male twins discordant for RSS. R.B. was a 710-g male born at 33 weeks of ...
McKinney M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To study the psychological effects of multifetal pregnancy reduction. DESIGN AND SETTING: Hour-long semistructured telephone interviews with both multifetal pregnancy reduction patients and control subjects. PATIENTS: Forty-two multifetal pregnancy reduction patients were contacted within 1 year of undergoing the procedure. Forty-four control subjects had become pregnant after infertility evaluation ...
Brambati B - - 1995
Multiple pregnancy may be the result of stimulated or non-stimulated, and of assisted or natural conception. As observed in the past decade, assisted conception technologies have significantly increased the prevalence of multiple pregnancy. The increase has been much more marked for triplets and higher order births. Rates of perinatal mortality ...
Evans M I - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess the changes in multifetal pregnancy generation as a function of utilization of ovulation stimulation and assisted reproductive techniques and to document the relative control of hyperstimulation between the methods. STUDY DESIGN: The methods of infertility treatment, number of fetuses, and outcomes of 220 patients ...
Santema J G - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and perinatal complications in triplet and twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Case-controlled study in the setting of a University Hospital. Each pregnancy of a consecutive series of 40 triplet pregnancies of 20 weeks or more was matched for parity and maternal age with two sets of twins ...
Evans M I - - 1995
Multifetal pregnancy reduction has had a major impact upon perinatal morbidity and mortality following iatrogenic multiple pregnancies. There are still residual risks, however, that are higher for higher order multiples than for pregnancies that started out at lower numbers. There are many, but not complete, parallels between reductions for number ...
Elliott J P - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the value of biophysical profile testing in preventing intrapartum death in patients with high-order multiple gestations (triplets or quadruplets). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review was performed of patients with triplets and quadruplets cared for by Phoenix Perinatal Associates from October 1988 ...
Petersen K - - 1995
A prospective series of 90 consecutive pregnancies (70 singleton, 16 twin and 4 triplet pregnancies) resulting in births of 114 infants after in vitro fertilisation (IVF) at Rigshospitalet were compared to a control group of pregnancies and deliveries in 70 non-IVF infertility patients with singleton pregnancies and 20 women with ...
Schreiner-Engel P - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine acute and persistent psychologic impacts of multifetal pregnancy reductions and patients' ability to cope with fetal loss while simultaneously bonding to surviving infants. STUDY DESIGN: The first 100 women to undergo a multifetal reduction were invited to participate in a retrospective telephone study assessing ...
Manzur A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of spontaneous embryo reduction as well as the obstetric and neonatal outcome of triplet gestations after assisted reproductive techniques (ART). METHODS: We analyzed the spontaneous outcome of 38 pregnancies in which three gestational sacs were identified with vaginal ultrasound between 21 and 28 days after ...
Fountain S A - - 1995
The incidence of triplet pregnancies is increasing due to the widespread use of ovulation induction agents and assisted conception treatments. The aim of this study was to acertain the normal ultrasonographic measurements for fetal growth parameters in triplet pregnancies. The ultrasonographic measurements of all triplet pregnancies managed in two major ...
Herman A - - 1995
Simultaneous transabdominal injection of potassium chloride (KCl) assisted by transvaginal ultrasonographic guidance was evaluated in 5 patients who conceived due to various assisted reproductive techniques and ovarian stimulation. All 5 underwent first-trimester fetal reduction for multiplicity of high-order pregnancies. Four sets of triplets were reduced to twin, and 1 twin ...
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