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Abboud P - - 2000
This communication aims at illustrating ultrasound diagnostic difficulties in early pregnancy with acardiac fetus. Our case concerns a spontaneously conceived triplet pregnancy. It was diagnosed as a twin pregnancy at 11 weeks of amenorrhea. One and a half months later the patient was referred to our center for spontaneous premature ...
Brown J E - - 2000
Largely because of assisted reproduction, the rate of multifetal pregnancy is rising rapidly in the United States. Accordingly, dietitians are increasingly being called upon to provide nutrition services for these high-risk pregnancies. This article gives an overview of the incidence of and risks associated with multifetal pregnancy and reviews studies ...
Minakami H - - 2000
The risk of preterm delivery (< 37 weeks of gestation) is approximately nine times higher in women with multifetal pregnancies than in women with singleton pregnancies. However, it is possible that the risk will vary according to gestational week. To assess the risk of premature birth within 1 week by ...
Geva E E Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center; The Chaim Sheba Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel. - - 2000
To evaluate the pregnancy outcome of selective second-trimester multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) compared to first-trimester MFPR. Cohort analysis. In Vitro Fertilization Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel. The study groups comprised 38 and 70 patients who underwent selective second-trimester MFPR (group 1) and first-trimester MFPR (group 2) ...
Skrablin S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Examination and comparison of the natural histories of triplet versus quadruplet and quintuplet gestations. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of sixty-four multifetal pregnancies (fifty-two sets of triplets, nine sets of quadruplets and three sets of quintuplets) cared for during past 12 years in our department. Quintuplets and quadruplets were ...
Ziadeh S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine and to determine whether triplet pregnancies are associated with a significantly greater risk of adverse outcome than are twin pregnancies. METHODS: Maternal and perinatal outcomes were evaluated retrospectively in 41 sets of triplets and twin pregnancies that were matched for maternal ...
Ziadeh S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perinatal outcome associated with triplet pregnancies and to compare abdominal delivery with vaginal delivery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of maternal and neonatal medical records of 41 triplets. 21 were delivered vaginally and 20 were delivered by cesarean section. MAIN OUTCOME: To measure perinatal mortality and early neonatal ...
Ogueh O - - 2000
The aim of the study was to investigate maternal thyroid function in pregnancy by monitoring the circulating concentrations of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (fT(4)) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) in multifetal pregnancies before and after embryo reduction. We studied two groups of women: group 1 comprised singleton (n=12) ...
Malone F D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To establish the charges associated with triplet pregnancies managed at a single tertiary center, over a 5-year time period, and to evaluate the impact of prematurity on these charges. METHODS: All triplet pregnancies that reached at least 20 weeks gestation and received prenatal and neonatal care at our center ...
von Dadelszen P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of two Canadian referral centres with multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) and selective termination (ST). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all MFPR and ST procedures during the periods from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 1997 (Vancouver), and from September 1, 1995, to December 31, 1997 ...
Wax J R - - 1999
Ultrasonographic examination at 16 weeks 5 days' gestation diagnosed a monoamniotic triplet gestation complicated by thoracopagus conjoined twins. After pregnancy termination, the ultrasonographic diagnoses were confirmed by pathologic examination. In reporting the first ultrasonographically diagnosed monamniotic triplets with conjoined twins, we demonstrate that a systematic evaluation by twin-derived ultrasonographic techniques ...
van Doorn H C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the success of delayed interval delivery in multiple pregnancies. METHOD: Retrospective analyses of all multiple pregnancies with the birth of one child at a gestational age of 16-31 weeks (n=80). Three groups were defined: group I, unsuccessful attempt to temporize delivery, group II, interval between the first ...
Shalev J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the course of pregnancy and fetal outcome after first-trimester multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) in patients with triplet pregnancies and uterine bleeding. DESIGN: Case series of patients with threatened triplet pregnancies considered for MFPR. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah-Tiqva, Israel. PATIENT(S): Forty-two patients ...
Nuojua-Huttunen S - - 1999
The main aim of this study was to evaluate the obstetric and perinatal outcome of pregnancies after intrauterine insemination (IUI) with the partner's spermatozoa combined with ovarian stimulation. Information concerning the antenatal care and obstetric and perinatal outcome of IUI pregnancies (n = 111), spontaneous (n = 333) and in-vitro ...
Bergh C - - 1999
The obstetric outcome and psychological follow-up of the parents after embryo reduction performed at Sahlgrenska University Hospital between 1993 and 1997 in 13 women treated for infertility is described. A comparison is made with non-reduced multiple pregnancies, both spontaneous and multiple pregnancies after assisted reproduction technology. Altogether 10 triplets, two ...
Angel J L JL Tampa, FL, - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that must be considered for appropriate counseling of patients with high-order multiple gestations. A retrospective chart review was carried out from all high-order multiple gestations that were managed by a single perinatology group from February 1993-June 1998. Twin pregnancies that ...
Coffler M S - - 1999
Assisted reproduction technologies and ovulation induction for treatment of infertility continue to cause high order multiple gestations. Increased perinatal morbidity and mortality, as well as maternal morbidity, may complicate these pregnancies. Selective fetal reduction, an acceptable therapeutic approach in these cases, is usually performed at or after the ninth week ...
Westergaard H B - - 1999
This paper reports data from the Danish in-vitro fertilization (IVF) registry from 1994 to 1995 including data on treatments and the results of these (perinatal outcome, cytogenetic findings and fetal malformations) in comparison with a control group matched for maternal age, parity, multiplicity and year of birth. There were 1756 ...
Dickens B M - - 1999
The potential and actual applications of reproductive technologies have been reviewed by many governmental committees, and laws have been enacted in several countries to accommodate, limit and regulate their use. Regulatory systems have nevertheless left some legal and ethical issues unresolved, and have caused other issues to arise. Issues that ...
Elimian A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perinatal outcome of triplet gestations with and without prophylactic cerclage. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all triplet gestations delivered between January 1988 and June 1997 was performed. Only women initiating prenatal care before 15 weeks gestation were included. The cerclage group was compared to the ...
Furman B - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To report the pregnancy outcome in women with multiple pregnancies after renal transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report two cases of multiple pregnancies (triplets and twins) in renal allograft recipients and evaluate the pregnancy courses and maternal and fetal outcome of these patients. RESULTS: After fetal reduction from triplet ...
Chaliha C - - 1999
A case is reported of twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence in a triamniotic dichorionic triplet pregnancy conceived by in-vitro fertilization which was diagnosed at 25 weeks of gestation by colour Doppler sonography. It highlights the risk of monochorionicity-associated morbidity in multiple pregnancies obtained by assisted conception and stresses the ...
Yaron Y - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Multifetal pregnancy reduction has been shown to improve survival rates in high-order multifetal pregnancies (>/=4). There is, however, some controversy as to whether multifetal pregnancy reduction improves pregnancy outcomes of triplets reduced to twins. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this issue by comparing outcomes of triplet ...
Antsaklis A J - - 1999
Selective reduction in cases of multiple fetuses is used more often nowadays due to the increased number of multiple pregnancies resulting from assisted reproduction. In this retrospective study, we investigated whether twin pregnancies derived from fetal reduction carry a higher obstetric and perinatal risk compared to standard twin pregnancies. We ...
Windle C P - - 1999
It is widely believed that common marmosets (Callithrx jacchus) typically give birth to twins under natural conditions. In captivity, however, births of triplets or even larger litters are common, although parents rarely succeed in rearing more than two offspring. The traditional interpretation is that captive conditions, notably the ready availability ...
Imaizumi Y - - 1999
Using vital statistics, yearly changes in the twinning and triplet rates by zygosity were investigated in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic during the period 1972-1995. Monozygotic (MZ) twinning rates in both countries had remained nearly constant (about 3 per 1000 total births) during that period. With a few ...
- - 1999
The incidence of twins, triplets, and higher-order multiple gestations has increased dramatically because of widespread use of ovulation-inducing drugs and advanced assisted reproductive techniques. There is considerable perinatal/maternal morbidity and mortality associated with multifetal gestations. The practicing obstetrician managing these high-risk patients should be familiar with their special antepartum and ...
Parkinson J - - 1999
The perinatal outcome of pregnancies (both single and multiple) established after in-vitro fertilization (IVF)-surrogacy was evaluated and compared to the outcome of pregnancies that resulted from standard IVF. Analysis of medical records and a telephone interview with physicians, IVF-surrogates, and commissioning mothers were conducted to assess prenatal follow up and ...
Mansour R T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To modify the technique of multifetal pregnancy reduction and to study the outcome of reduced twins in comparison with nonreduced twins and high-order multiple gestations. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: The Egyptian IVF-ET Center, Cairo. PATIENT(S): Seventy-five patients with high-order multiple pregnancies resulting from assisted reproduction. Controls were 40 ...
Selam B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the pregnancy loss rate resulting from genetic amniocentesis after multifetal pregnancy reduction. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study was performed in pregnancies with maternal age >30 years. Pregnancy loss in a study population of 127 patients who underwent genetic amniocentesis after multifetal pregnancy reduction were ...
Da-Silva S S - - 1999
Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is the clinical manifestation of an uncommon group of skin disorders. One postulated etiology is disseminated intravascular coagulation from release of thrombogenic maternal arising from placental injury or fetal demise. This leads to disruption of the ectodermal blood supply responsible for the skin defects. We present ...
Hack M - - 1999
Advances in perinatal care have improved the chances for survival of extremely low birthweight (< 800 g) and gestational age (< 26 weeks) infants. A review of the world literature and our own experience reveals that at 23 weeks gestation survival ranges from 2% to 35%. At 24 weeks gestation ...
Ghidini A - - 1999
Postamniocentesis chorioamnionitis is usually managed with induction of labor to prevent maternal sepsis and related morbidity and mortality. We report a case of chorioamnionitis in a triplet pregnancy after midtrimester genetic amniocentesis, in which multiple antibiotic treatment (ampicillin 2 g i.v. loading dose followed by 1 g i.v. every 6 ...
Kadhel P - - 1998
We present in this study the results of a retrospective analysis comparing a group of ongoing triplet pregnancies and a group of triplet pregnancies reduced to twins. These two groups were managed in the same way between January 1993 and April 1996 in hospital. Mean gestational age at birth was ...
Marinoff D N - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Delayed-interval delivery is infrequent in twin gestation and more rare in triplet and quadruplet gestation. Coexistence of a triploid pregnancy with a normal fetus has not previously been reported to have resulted in survival of the normal fetus. CASE: A 26-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 0-0-1-0, was diagnosed with ...
Abramov Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of pregnancies conceived with the use of IVF that are complicated by severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). DESIGN: A retrospective nationwide multicenter study. SETTING: Sixteen of 19 tertiary care medical centers in Israel. PATIENT(S): All patients undergoing IVF who were hospitalized for severe OHSS between ...
Sherer D M - - 1998
The objective was to review current literature pertaining to first trimester ultrasonography of multiple gestations. To this goal, all manuscripts published in the English language regarding this topic were selected and reviewed in a MEDLINE search from 1966 through May 1998. Additional sources were identified through cross-referencing. Current widespread application ...
Trivedi A N - - 1998
We summarized the overall experience of the management and outcome of the retained twin/triplet and statistically analyzed the effects of the different variables such as cervical cerclage, tocolysis, use of antibiotics etc. on the retained fetal survival; 45 case reports in English were analyzed. The survival rate of the first ...
Fitzsimmons B P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that multiple pregnancies resulting from assisted reproductive therapy have a better outcome than those resulting from spontaneous conception. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. Cases came from pregnancies from assisted reproductive techniques. Controls were identified from spontaneous multiple pregnancies delivered ...
Kalchbrenner M A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The study's aims were to compare neonatal outcomes and to describe maternal complications in patients who underwent delayed delivery of twins or triplets in a preterm gestation. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review was performed on 5 sets of twins and 2 sets of triplets. Maternal morbidity was described. Neonatal ...
Matalliotakis I M - - 1998
Due to the implementation of assisted reproduction techniques, the incidence of multiple pregnancies associated with fetal and neonatal complications has significantly increased. A woman in the 24th week of a triplet pregnancy came to the hospital because of premature rupture of membranes of one amniotic sack and she had a ...
Masue T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aims to verify the factors for the development of maternal pulmonary edema in higher order multifetal pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed medical profiles of a total of 13 triplet, quadruplet and quintuplet pregnancies for the years 1992 through 1997. Some treatments were applied in attempts to ...
Mariano C - - 1998
Every year, more than 4,000 sets of twins and 80 sets of triplets are born in Canada. And those numbers are growing: Canadian women are two-and-a-half times more likely to have triplets, quadruplets or quintuplets today than 20 years ago, mainly due to increasing maternal age and the use of ...
Dechaud H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical aspects, efficacy and safety of first-trimester multifetal pregnancy reduction in the management of multifetal pregnancies, an analysis of the international literature on first-trimester multifetal pregnancy reduction was made. MATERIALS: Thirty-three studies were selected from an international review of the literature. Total fetal loss rate, risk ...
Yaron Y - - 1998
Selective termination is employed in multifetal pregnancies, in the presence of an abnormal fetus, in order to improve the prognosis of the normal fetuses. The term elective reduction is used to describe reduction in twin pregnancies for maternal medical conditions, psychological, or socioeconomic reasons. The purpose of this study was ...
Elimian A - - 1998
Objective: To compare the perinatal outcome of triplet gestations with and without prophylactic cerclage.Methods: A retrospective chart review of all triplet gestations delivered between January 1988 and June 1997 was performed. Only women initiating prenatal care before 15 weeks gestation were included. Management guidelines for triplets were uniform with the ...
Torok O - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate whether multifetal pregnancies reduced to twins have an increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction and discordant birth weight. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study investigated the rates of birth weight discordance > 20% and intrauterine growth restriction using both twin and singleton birth weight ...
Benson C B - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to determine if a monochorionic pair of fetuses in a higher-order multiple gestation can be reduced by injecting only one fetus with potassium chloride. Three quadruplet and two quintuplet gestations, each with a monochorionic pair of fetuses, were referred for pregnancy reduction. In each ...
Hartoov J - - 1998
The aim of our study was to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of late selective multifetal reduction (MFPR). We performed a 3 year, prospectively-designed study in which 28 patients underwent MFPR at a mean gestational age of 20.2 +/- 3.9 weeks (range 14-29 weeks). The indications for MFPR included: multiple gestation ...
Cohen J - - 1998
The international rates of triplet or higher order pregnancies after assisted reproduction are 7.3% at conception, 6.5% before reduction and 3.85% at birth. The obstetric and neonatal outcomes for twins and triplets show that reducing the proportion of multiple pregnancies should be a goal for centres undertaking in-vitro fertilization (IVF) ...
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