Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1811
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Jauniaux Eric - - 2005
Polyols are sugar alcohols formed by the reduction of aldoses and ketoses. Production is favored under conditions of low oxygenation, when it may provide an alternative means to production of lactate for regulating the oxidation-reduction balance of pyridine nucleotides. Polyols also act as important organic osmolytes and as precursors of ...
Perni Sriram C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between amniotic fluid volume and gestational age has been described previously. The association of body weight and urine output has been observed in human neonates. Our goal was to assess the correlation of the amniotic fluid index (AFI) with estimated fetal weight (EFW) in the third trimester. ...
Yang Qin - - 2005
To test the hypothesis that a substance present in the amniotic fluid could serve as a regulator of amniotic fluid volume, we drained and discarded amniotic fluid while replacing it with lactated Ringer solution that was isotonic to amniotic fluid. Seven ewes with singleton fetuses at 119 +/- 1 days ...
Perni Sriram C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether fetal carriage of specific alleles of the polymorphic interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene is associated with variations in intra-amniotic cytokine levels and previous pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal cells in midtrimester amniotic fluid from 189 women were tested for interleukin-1 receptor ...
Perni Sriram C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The association between the detection of Mycoplasma hominis or Ureaplasma urealyticum in midtrimester amniotic fluid and amniotic fluid cytokine concentrations and subsequent pregnancy outcome were examined. STUDY DESIGN: Amniocentesis was performed between 15 and 19 weeks of gestation in 179 asymptomatic women. Aliquots were assayed for M hominis and ...
Teramo K - - 2004
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In this study we investigated whether chronic fetal hypoxia, as indicated by amniotic fluid erythropoietin levels, is associated with perinatal morbidity in type 1 diabetic pregnancies. METHODS: A total of 331 women with type 1 diabetes had at least one childbirth between 1995 and 2000. The amniotic fluid erythropoietin ...
Patrick Lindsay A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a guinea pig model of chorioamnionitis to study the mechanisms that lead to fetal brain injury. Study design Pregnant guinea pigs at 70% gestation were inoculated intracervically with 1000 to 2500 colony-forming units of Escherichia coli. Guinea pigs were killed 2 ...
Brace Robert A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The present study tested the hypothesis that an intra-amniotic infusion of amniotic fluid (AF) would produce a more sustained increase in AF volume than an infusion of lactated Ringer's solution. METHODS: Five chronically catheterized, late-gestation fetal sheep were studied over two 5-day periods with AF volume measured daily. After ...
Chan Te-Fu - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possibility of using early second trimester amniotic fluid leptin levels as a predictor of pregnancy outcome in twin pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Amniotic fluid leptin levels from 18 twin-pregnant women in early second trimester were analyzed for their correlation with gestational age at delivery and fetal birthweight. ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the superior technique, if either, of the amniotic fluid index (AFI) vs the single deepest pocket technique in predicting an adverse pregnancy outcome among high-risk patients undergoing antenatal testing. STUDY DESIGN: Patients having modified biophysical profile (nonstress test plus sonographic estimation ...
Magann Everett F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain if a dye-determined amniotic fluid volume was predictive of intrapartum and perinatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The low and normal amniotic fluid volumes (< 5th percentile and > or =5th percentile for gestational age) and the raw dye-determined amniotic fluid distributions were correlated with 10 clinical outcome ...
Mirlesse Véronique - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care of pregnant women exposed to varicella skin rash during the first half of pregnancy remains a frequent concern in countries that do not have access to systematic vaccination. The frequency of maternofetal transmission is low. Ultrasound is the usual tool for prenatal survey of exposed fetuses. But ...
Magann Everett F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the amniotic fluid index (AFI) with the single deepest pocket technique along with the other components of the biophysical profile (BPP) in predicting an adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: Prospective, randomized trial of amniotic fluid assessment by AFI or single deepest pocket during a BPP. Cesarean delivery for ...
Castro Eumenia C C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is the morphological and morphometric analysis of the basement membrane amniotic epithelium of the chorionic plate to establish possible correlation between the basement membrane amniotic epithelium thickening and maternal and fetal disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Ninety-one placentas of infants delivered in Medical Hospital School were ...
Poggi S H - - 2004
Placental trophoblast invasion and amniotic fluid cytokine receptor levels have been reported to vary with fetal gender. We investigated whether fetal gender affects amniotic fluid levels of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 and the pro-angiogenesis cytokine angiogenin. Specimens from singleton gestations undergoing mid-trimester amniocentesis for genetic indications were ...
Magann Everett F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether there is a correlation between neonatal birth weight and an estimated or dye-determined amniotic fluid volume. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study of women undergoing an amniocentesis and subsequent delivery within 72 hours. Amniotic fluid volume was estimated using the amniotic fluid ...
Moses Jennifer - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an intrapartum assessment of amniotic fluid identifies a pregnancy that is at risk for an adverse outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Parturients who were admitted for delivery were assigned randomly to have the amniotic fluid assessed either by amniotic fluid index or ...
Schlabritz-Loutsevitch N E - - 2004
Heavy metals are essential for the normal progression of maternal and fetal tissue growth and metabolism in pregnancy. Considerable data have been collected for concentrations of various elements in pregnant women, but no comprehensive evaluation of element concentrations in any non-human primate model has been performed. Baboons were studied at ...
Nava-Ocampo Alejandro A - - 2004
To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of ethanol in the early second trimester of pregnancy, ethanol concentrations simultaneously measured in the maternal blood (EtOH-MB) and in the amniotic fluid (EtOH-AF) of six pregnant women were obtained from a previous study in which a single ethanol dose of 300mgkg(-1) body weight was administered ...
Rudisill Pamela T - - 2004
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) (also known as anaphylactoid syndrome of pregnancy)is a catastrophic condition that occurs during pregnancy or shortly after delivery. It is found throughout the world in developed and undeveloped countries and occurs at an incidence of between 1 in 80000 live births. In the United States, AFE ...
Uszyński Mieczysław - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) are central molecules for uPA/uPAR/plasmin-dependent proteolysis, which is thought to play a significant role in the development of pregnancy, as well as its many complications. OBJECTIVE: To measure the levels of uPA and uPAR in the placenta and myometrium, ...
Sikkel E - - 2004
We studied the relationship between bilirubin concentrations in amniotic fluid and fetal blood in 68 non-hydropic rhesus d-alloimmunized anemic fetuses at first blood sampling. In these alloimmunized fetuses, the amniotic fluid/fetal blood ratio for bilirubin decreased from 0.09 at 28 weeks to 0.05 at 33 weeks. In normal fetuses, amniotic ...
Apuzzio J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an inflammatory cytokine that has been shown to be elevated in the amniotic fluid of patients with preterm labor. On the other hand, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine that has been shown to inhibit the synthesis of other cytokines. We hypothesized that amniotic fluid IL-10 ...
Locatelli A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of amniotic fluid volume in association with a non-stress test is a commonly used method to monitor fetal well-being in high-risk pregnancies. The aims of our study were to determine whether oligohydramnios and the trend in amniotic fluid volume have prognostic significance in low-risk pregnancies between 40.0 and ...
El-Haddad M A - - 2004
Thirst and appetite-mediated ingestive behavior develop and are likely programmed in utero, thus preparing for newborn and adult ingestive behavior. Fetal swallowing activity is markedly different from that of the adult, as spontaneous fetal swallowing occurs at a markedly (six-fold) higher rate compared with spontaneous adult drinking activity. This high ...
Socolov R - - 2004
Intrauterine rupture of the umbilical cord is a rare complications, and it's even less frequent in antenatal situation. We describe such a case, with the prenatal demise of a 33-week male fetus in a 2 parous 31 year old patient. The only risk factors identified were: extremely long umbilical cord, ...
Burc Laurence - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In gastroschisis, an inflammatory process related to the presence of digestive compounds may be involved in intestinal damage. We measured the amniotic fluid concentrations of total protein, ferritin and amylase, lipase, gamma-glutamyl transferase and bile acids before each amnioexchange performed in women whose infants had gastroschisis. We estimated the ...
Tranquilli Andrea L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether amniotic fluid concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in early pregnancy correlate to subsequent preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study to assess VEGF and NO on the second trimester amniotic fluid of 15 healthy women, and 15 women who ...
Marino Teresa - - 2004
Prenatal ultrasound has expanded the ability to assess the umbilical cord, fetal membranes, amniotic fluid volume, and placenta. Evaluation of these structures provides information regarding the intrauterine environment. Umbilical cord abnormalities may be associated with fetal aneuploidy, structural anomalies, and fetal compromise. Estimating the amniotic fluid volume has become an ...
Nichol P F - - 2004
Several studies in animal models demonstrate that peel formation in gastroschisis is due to the accumulation and activation of intestinal waste products (IWP) in the amniotic fluid. We reviewed our recent experience with gastroschisis and asked the following questions: First, does staining of the bowel and amniotic fluid with IWP ...
Mikawa Takashi - - 2004
The primitive streak is the organizing center for amniote gastrulation. It defines the future embryonic midline and serves as a conduit of cell migration for germ layer formation. The migration patterns of endodermal and mesodermal precursors through the streak have been studied in great detail. Additional new breakthroughs recently have ...
Wallace Euan M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To measure maternal serum and amniotic fluid levels of macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1) in Down syndrome and normal pregnancies, assessing the utility of MIC-1 as a prenatal marker of Down syndrome. METHODS: Stored serum from 64 Down syndrome and 399 control pregnancies, collected at 8 to 17 weeks of ...
Shiki Yasuhiko - - 2004
AIM: Prostaglandin D (PGD), synthesized by lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS), has marked effects on a number of biological processes, including the prevention of platelet aggregation and the relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. The aim of the study presented here was to examine the significance of L-PGDS in human pregnancy. ...
Ray Barry K - - 2004
PURPOSE: Describe the diagnosis, clinical features, pathophysiology, treatment and anesthetic management of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) in a patient undergoing second trimester pregnancy termination. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 30-yr-old gravida 2, para 1, woman was admitted for a dilatation and evacuation procedure for underlying intra-uterine fetal demise in her second trimester ...
Netto Cristina B - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We measured S100B levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity retrospectively in amniotic fluid samples from pregnancies with normal and Down syndrome (DS) fetuses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Samples from 26 normal and 71 Down syndrome fetuses were studied. S100B protein levels were determined using LIA-mat Sangtec kit, and SOD activity ...
Razdan Pia - - 2004
Stress due to regrouping of breeding females is difficult to avoid completely in loose-housing systems. The effects of stress during the maternal recognition of pregnancy on fetal development and survival at Day 30 of pregnancy was, therefore, studied in 17 sows allocated into one control (C-) group, one group deprived ...
Nobile de Santis Maria Sichilenda - - 2004
The evaluation of amniotic fluid volume represents, together with the evaluation of fetal growth, one of the most important indicators of fetal wellbeing. Amniotic fluid is produced by fetal urines with small aliquots from fetal membranes and lung fluids. The main determinant of its turnover is fetal swallowing together with ...
Verrotti Carla - - 2004
We studied a cohort of 41 singleton pregnancies induced at term with prostaglandins and, when necessary, oxytocin. We evaluated with ultrasound the amniotic fluid index (AFI) and the largest vertical pocket (LVP), at least 2 days before the delivery, to compare the sonographic measurement of amniotic fluid with fetal distress ...
Nguyen Daniel P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between detection of Mycoplasma hominis in mid-trimester amniotic fluid and subsequent pregnancy outcome was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Amniotic fluids from 456 women of European background who underwent a transabdominal amniocentesis at weeks 15-17 of pregnancy were tested for M. hominis by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The amplicons ...
Topuz S - - 2004
Although the association between oligohydramnios and indomethacin use for premature labor has been well known for many years, there have been few cases published about it. We present a case of indomethacin-induced oligohydramnios due to use in a patient for rheumatoid arthritis. A 27-year-old G2P1 woman was referred to our ...
Raboni Stefano - - 2004
Amnioscopy is an invasive exam employed to visualise the forebag of the amnionic sac and to look out for meconium staining. Even though recognition of strongly stained fluid is easy, interpretation of those cases that are thinly stained is more difficult, since in these cases which are more common to ...
Barbati Antonella - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: To suggest a series of clinical analyses performable on amniotic fluid, in different medical complications occurring during pregnancy. METHODS: Various methodology, for different obstetrics situations, were compared among them. RESULTS: The main indication for late amniocentesis are the tests for fetal lung maturity. The ...
Gramellini Dandolo - - 2004
Ultrasound evaluation of amniotic fluid volume (AFV) is frequently used to detect fetuses at high risk for an adverse outcome - an event that is often correlated with AFV abnormalities. As is well known, ultrasound is a non invasive procedure, which makes it ideal for application on a very large ...
Contino Biagio - - 2004
Rupture of the amniotic sac complicates approximately 0.8-1% of amniocentesis procedures carried out between the 15th and 18th gestational weeks. Spontaneous PROM during the second and third trimester is, however, more frequent. In both cases the rate of fetal morbidity and mortality are very high. Infusion of an autolologous platelet ...
Oktem Ozgür - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate the relationship between fetal weight and leptin levels in maternal serum, amniotic fluid and umbilical cord. METHODS: Forty pregnant women presenting for antenatal care at early weeks of gestation were enrolled for the study. Maternal and cord blood samples for leptin measurement were obtained at birth. Amniotic ...
Modena Alberto Bacchi - - 2004
Amniotic fluid was once considered to be a stagnant pool, approximately circulating with a turnover time of one day. Adequate amniotic fluid volume is maintained by a balance of fetal fluid production (lung liquid and urine) and resorption (swallowing and intramembranous flow). Even though different hypotheses have been advanced on ...
Grignaffini Alessandro - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The high false-positive rate of electronic fetal heart rate monitoring is the major obstacle to the correct prediction and diagnosis of intrapartum fetal distress. Fetal pulse oximetry is a safe and accurate indicator of fetal oxygenation. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Coviello Dario - - 2004
Pregnancies complicated by hydramnios are at increased risk of both maternal and fetal complications. Since amniotic pressure is elevated in polyhydramnios, it has been suggested that the complications may be mediated by anomalies connected with amniotic pressure. The rationale behind amnioreduction is thus to restore normal amniotic pressure by draining ...
Vesce Fortunato - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of ampicillin on amniotic interleukin-6 (IL-6) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release. METHODS: In an in vitro study, IL-6 and PGE2 release from amnion-like Wistar Institute Susan Hayflick cells was assayed under basal conditions, as well as after incubation with ampicillin. In an in vivo study, ...
Teramo Kari A - - 2004
AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to compare fetal and neonatal outcomes with amniotic fluid erythropoietin (EPO) levels obtained in the antepartum period in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia, pregnancy-induced hypertension or chronic hypertension. METHODS: Erythropoietin concentrations were measured in amniotic fluid within 2 days before delivery and in ...
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