Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1810
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Hostetter A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and the postpartum period are a time of increased risk for women to develop mood disorders. As such, the reproductive safety data on antidepressant use during pregnancy have rapidly expanded over the last decade; however, there is relatively sparse information on maternal/fetal exchange of these medications and no ...
Siu S S - - 2000
Diclofenac is a commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug in women of reproductive age. It has teratogenic effects in animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the placental transfer of diclofenac in the first trimester of human pregnancy. Thirty patients undergoing surgical termination of pregnancy between 8 and 12 ...
Strocker A M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent that associated findings aid in the differential diagnosis and/or prognosis of fetal echogenic bowel. METHODS: Medical history, obstetric records and outcome details were examined for 131 consecutive pregnancies with fetal hyperechogenic bowel. RESULTS: In 62 (47%) cases, there were no visible anomalies other than hyperechogenic ...
Pacora P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin 18 is a proinflammatory pleiotropic cytokine that has been implicated in the host defense against infection. This study was undertaken to determine whether interleukin 18 concentrations change in the maternal, fetal, and amniotic fluid compartments with labor (term and preterm) and microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity. STUDY ...
Magann E F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare amniotic fluid index (AFI) with the single deepest pocket in the identification of actual abnormal amniotic fluid (AF) volumes. METHODS: One hundred seventy-nine women with singleton pregnancies at the University of Mississippi between March 1994 and June 1999 had ultrasound estimations of AF volume sequentially using the ...
Yoon B H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether funisitis (inflammation of the umbilical cord detected by histologic examination of the placenta) is associated with changes in the umbilical cord plasma concentration of interleukin 6, microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity, and neonatal sepsis. STUDY DESIGN: The relationship among ...
Pacora P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Lactoferrin is an iron-binding protein with antimicrobial properties. This study was undertaken to determine whether amniotic fluid concentrations of this protein change with gestational age, infection, labor, and rupture of membranes. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study included women who underwent transabdominal amniocentesis (n = 268) in the following groups: ...
Jun J K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine whether interleukin-6 concentrations in cervical fluid samples are of value in the identification of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity, prediction of the duration of the latency period, and assessment of the risk of neonatal complications in preterm premature rupture of membranes. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Bromage S J - - 2000
PROBLEM: The status of cytokines in amniotic fluid (AF) from chromosomally abnormal pregnancy is largely undefined. TGFbeta plays a key role in fetal growth and differentiation and is responsible for the immunoregulatory activity of AF in normal pregnancy, but its status in Down syndrome (DS) pregnancies is unknown. In addition ...
Magann E F - - 2000
The biophysical profile (BPP) can be used as an initial test of fetal health and as a secondary back-up assessment of fetuses at risk of adverse outcomes when preliminary evaluations are not reassuring. The BPP evaluates five characteristics: fetal movement, tone, breathing, heart reactivity, and amniotic fluid (AF) volume estimation. ...
Maymon E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Rupture of membranes is thought to result from the effects of physical forces in localized areas of the membranes weakened by the degradation of structural collagens. Matrix metalloproteinases are enzymes that degrade extracellular matrix components and have been implicated in membrane rupture. The objective of this study was to ...
Herndon C D - - 2000
PURPOSE: The incidence of an antenatally detected genitourinary abnormality is 0.5% of all pregnancies assessed, and rarely is antenatal intervention indicated. A survey of pediatric urologists was undertaken to evaluate current practice patterns and recommendations regarding the need to intervene in the antenatal period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey instrument ...
Ziadeh S M - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the meconium staining of amniotic fluid (AF) in term of fetal distress, meconium aspiration syndrome, and perinatal morbidity and mortality. In a prospective study at Princess Badeea Teaching Hospital from April to November 1999, women with a singleton cephalic pregnancy of completed ...
Jauniaux E - - 2000
The use of coelocentesis to study placental drug transfer in the first trimester has required the adaptation of existing pharmacologic models to the changing anatomical structures present before and after 12 weeks of gestation. The biochemical properties of the coelomic and amniotic fluids are important parameters in evaluating the pharmacokinetics ...
Maymon R - - 2000
Human placental isoferritin (PLF) is known to exert an immunosuppressive activity in vitro and is involved in the down-regulation of the maternal immune system during pregnancy. We have investigated the presence of PLF in the human embryo and early fetus and its secretion into amniotic fluid (AF) and fetal blood. ...
Lee W C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine the action of the Foley catheter in the posterior nasal cavity in relation to balloon volume, and to deduce its implications in the treatment of posterior epistaxis. DESIGN: Human cadaveric study. MATERIALS: Twenty nasal fossae of 10 adult cadavers. INTERVENTIONS: A Foley catheter (size 14) was inserted ...
Mann S E - - 2000
Abnormalities of amniotic fluid (AF) volume are associated with significant perinatal morbidity and mortality. Although current ultrasound techniques provide a linear amniotic fluid index (AFI) or 2-D area of AF, these indices have limited correlation with actual AF volume. The bladder volume instrument (BVI) 2500 ultrasound (Diagnostic Ultrasound Corp., Redmond, ...
Jauniaux E - - 2000
We have investigated the distribution of immunoreactive endothelins (irET) in fetal fluids and expression of ET precursor genes in villous tissue during the first trimester. Samples of maternal plasma (n = 6), coelomic fluid (n = 28), amniotic fluid (n = 23) and villous tissue (n = 3) were obtained ...
Keski-Nisula L - - 2000
This study was undertaken to examine the presence of inflammation of the uterine and gestational tissues as defined by histopathology in clinically noninfected women with term gestation and intact fetal membranes and to evaluate its correlation with measured clinical variables and neonatal and maternal clinical outcome. Two hundred sixteen clinically ...
Oosterhof H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the effect of a decrease of maternal plasma osmolality produced by hypotonic rehydration on the fetal urine production rate in normal near-term human fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-one healthy pregnant women attending the clinic for antenatal care were studied between 37 and 40 weeks' gestation. The ...
Lam Y H - - 2000
Fetal hydranencephaly is a rare congenital cerebral abnormality characterized by complete or near complete absence of the cerebral cortex. We present the sonographic evolution of a case of fetal hydranencephaly from 11 weeks of gestation to term. At 11 weeks, the fetal head appeared small and the forehead was sloping. ...
Jazayeri A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether umbilical cord plasma erythropoietin levels were different in deliveries complicated by meconium passage and to determine whether this response is influenced by gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal erythropoietin levels were measured in 203 appropriately grown neonates at 37 to 43 weeks of gestation; among ...
Meagher E A - - 2000
Oxidant stress has been widely implicated as a mechanism of disease, yet clinical trials of antioxidants have not included a biochemical basis for dose selection or patient inclusion. Many of the indices traditionally employed to assess lipid peroxidation have relied on measurements performed in ex vivo systems of questionable relevance ...
Maymon E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Matrix metalloproteinases are enzymes capable of degrading extracellular matrix components. Matrilysin (matrix metalloproteinase 7), a novel member of this family, degrades fibronectin and proteoglycans. The objective of this study was to determine whether parturition (either term or preterm), premature rupture of the membranes, and microbial invasion of the amniotic ...
Magann E F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine normative values for amniotic fluid index, single deepest pocket, and 2-diameter pocket across gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty patients with normal pregnancies at each gestational age between 14 and 41 weeks' gestation were recruited prospectively and scanned once. Data were transformed into logarithmic (base ...
Hytinantti T K - - 2000
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine whether fetal leptin concentration correlates with severity of chronic or subchronic fetal hypoxia as indicated by increased fetal concentrations of erythropoietin in fetuses of mothers with Type I (insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We measured leptin and erythropoietin concentrations in cord ...
Seubert D E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Placenta growth factor is a potent angiogenic factor produced by the human placenta that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction. Placenta growth factor belongs to the vascular endothelial growth factor family and is capable of inducing proliferation, migration, and activation of endothelial cells. ...
Magann E F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the accuracy of amniotic fluid volume estimation (visually) in diamniotic twin pregnancy versus ultrasonography techniques. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective study the volume of each sac in 23 sets of diamniotic twin pregnancies was subjectively and objectively estimated by a second-year obstetric resident, nurse sonographer, ...
Devlieger R - - 2000
The cellular mechanisms underlying fetal membrane repair are poorly understood. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and the endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP) play a key role in the control of turnover of extracellular matrix in fetal membranes at normal parturition and preterm prelabour rupture of the fetal membranes (PPROM). The time ...
Cohen S B - - 2000
The aim of this study was to investigate whether, in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome, anticardiolipin antibodies pass from mother to offspring sera and amniotic fluid. Eleven patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (study group) and 11 healthy controls, matched by maternal and gestational age (control group) were prospectively examined for the presence ...
Cağdaş A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fetal renal maturation by assessment of amniotic fluid microproteins and to show these proteins originate from fetal urine. STUDY DESIGN: Amniotic fluid proteins (total protein, albumin, high molecular weight protein-HMWP, low molecular weight protein-LMWP, alpha(1)-microglobulin and beta(2)-microglobulin) were determined in 39 pregnant women at delivery and ...
Kassanos D - - 2000
AIM: TPS concentrations were measured throughout normal pregnancy in maternal serum (MS) and amniotic fluid (AF), in order to evaluate the usefulness of TPS in the follow-up of pregnancy breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Following informed consent, 30 pregnant women during the 2nd trimester, 28 during the 3rd and ...
Matsubara S - - 2000
The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the presence of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) in fetal membranes from various gestational ages (20-40 weeks of gestation). Ultrastructural enzyme-histochemical analysis of G6Pase was performed using cerium and lead as capturing agents. Precipitates indicating G6Pase activity were present mainly in the endoplasmic reticulum ...
Kapicioglu S S Department of Internal Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey. - - 2000
Fasting and postprandial gallbladder volumes were investigated using ultrasonography in three groups (10 subjects in each) of healthy women: third trimester pregnant women, postpartum women up to 10 days after giving birth and nonpregnant controls. The scans were performed at 09:00 after a 12 h fast. After the basal measurement ...
Dixon J C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between intestinal atresia and fetal growth, intrapartum cardiotocograph abnormalities and staining of the amniotic fluid in gastroschisis pregnancies. DESIGN: Observational study of 115 gastroschisis pregnancies conceived between 1980 and 1996. SETTING: South West Region of England. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Birthweight, intrapartum cardiotocograph abnormality, staining of ...
Dammann O - - 2000
Increasing evidence supports the view that infants exposed to perinatal infection are at increased risk for brain injury. We suggest that elevated cytokines in the amniotic fluid or in the fetal circulation be viewed as a humoral expression and that inflammatory cells in chorionic plate or umbilical cord blood vessel ...
Chandra P C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether oral or intravenous hydration affects oligohydramnios in cases with normal biophysical profile scores. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred twenty-four gravidas with singleton pregnancies at or near term were identified during a 16-month period retrospectively as having oligohydramnios. A total of 50 subjects with normal biophysical profiles (8 ...
Ostlund E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have examined whether endothelin-1 (ET-1) and erythropoietin (EPO) in amniotic fluid, and EPO in fetal serum obtained by cordocentesis from fetuses with signs of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), were correlated to fetal growth and/or chronic fetal hypoxia. METHODS: Amniotic fluid and fetal serum were obtained by cordocentesis from ...
Casey B M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess whether antepartum oligohydramnios is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Women delivered between July 1, 1991, and September 30, 1996, who underwent ultrasonography at >/=34 weeks' gestation were analyzed. Oligohydramnios was defined as an amniotic fluid index </=50 mm. Perinatal outcomes in pregnancies ...
Hill L M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the amniotic fluid index for individual gestational sacs of twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Four hundred eighty-eight patients with normal diamniotic twins were examined between 14 and 40 weeks' gestation. The dividing membrane between twin fetuses was identified. An amniotic fluid index was then obtained for ...
Vergnes H - - 2000
Quantitative and qualitative analysis of alkaline phosphatases (AP) was performed on amniotic fluid in 59 normal pregnancies and 14 Down's syndrome (DS) pregnancies at 16, 18 and 19 weeks of gestation. In DS cases, intestinal and placental isoenzyme levels were significantly reduced (P<0.001) and the AP electrophoretic pattern was seen ...
Olguner M - - 2000
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Urinary waste products in the amniotic fluid has been implicated as a cause of intestinal damage (ID) in gastroschisis based on the fact that fetus urinates physiologically into the amniotic cavity. However, experimental and clinical data suggest that intrauterine defecation is a physiological event, thus gastrointestinal waste products also ...
Jauniaux E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine amniotic fluid gas values and acid-base balance during maternal hyperoxemia and hypoxemia in early pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Anesthetized sheep (n = 12) in early and mid pregnancy (0.3 to 0.5 gestation) were subjected to hyperoxemia followed by hypoxemia. Amniotic fluid PO (2), pH, ...
Yoon B H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether fetal exposure to intra-amniotic inflammation and a systemic fetal inflammatory response (funisitis) are associated with the development of cerebral palsy at the age of 3 years. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study included 123 preterm singleton newborns (gestational age at birth, ...
Yamada T - - 2000
We have studied whether meconium-stained, turbid amniotic fluid (turbid AF) obtained during term pregnancy possesses chemotactic activity for polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in the absence of clinically apparent infection. Eight samples of turbid AF were obtained from eight women who underwent a cesarean section (four emergency and four elective cesarean sections) ...
Andres R L - - 2000
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the impact of recent cocaine use on umbilical cord blood gas values in cocaine-dependent pregnant women who received formal prenatal care. Ninety-two cocaine-dependent pregnant women receiving comprehensive prenatal care were divided into two groups, with patients in Group A (n = 35) ...
Malatesta M - - 2000
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a kallikrein-like serine protease until recently thought to be prostate specific, has been demonstrated in various nonprostatic tissues and body fluids. PSA has been also found in human endometrium and amniotic fluids, even if the significance of this novel expression is unclear. In this study, we have ...
Fletcher S J - - 2000
A 41-year old primigravida underwent caesarean section because of foetal distress following prostin induction of labour. Intraoperative coagulopathy, haemorrhage and hypotension necessitated a hysterectomy. Subsequently, she developed respiratory and renal failure, requiring mechanical ventilation and haemodialysis. She made a full recovery. The likely diagnosis was amniotic fluid embolism (AFE), a ...
Strauss A - - 2000
The amniotic band syndrome represents a prime example of exogenous disruption of an otherwise normal fetal development. It may be a sequel of invasive diagnostic procedures such as amniocentesis or fetal blood sampling. A 38-year-old gravida II, para II delivered a morphologically normal male stillborn at term. The pregnancy history ...
Lépinard C - - 2000
Junctional epidermolysis bullosa with pyloric atresia (PA-JEB) is a highly lethal, inherited, autosomal recessive disease. Thus far, prenatal diagnosis of this syndrome was only realized on pregnancies at risk for recurrence. We report the case of a 26-year-old woman, first cousin to her husband, who had undergone amniocentesis for polyhydramnios. ...
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