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Results 251 - 300 of 1345
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Stevens Elizabeth - - 2007
Ectopic pregnancy and ovarian torsion are 2 of the most common causes of acute abdominal pain in early pregnancy. The following article will discuss the physiology and pathophysiology, evaluation, diagnosis, clinical management options, and nursing considerations for ovarian torsion and ectopic pregnancy. Both conditions require timely diagnosis to prevent mortality ...
Fauconnier Arnaud - - 2007
To derive an ultrasound-based prediction model for the quantification of haemoperitoneum in ectopic pregnancy (EP). Retrospective study of 89 patients operated upon EP between January 1999 and March 2003 in a French Gynaecology and Obstetrics department in a university hospital. Transvaginal sonograms, clinical and biological variables from patients with haemoperitoneum ...
Cullen Garret - - 2007
Constipation is a common symptom during pregnancy. The majority of cases are simple constipation that occurs due to a combination of hormonal and mechanical factors affecting normal GI function. However, a number of women suffer from constipation prior to conception and find their symptoms worsen during pregnancy. Patients with simple ...
Chandrasekhar Chitra - - 2007
Two cases of rare ectopic pregnancies are presented, both with underlying uterine didelphys anomaly. Uterine anomalies are a well-known predisposing factor for ectopic pregnancies. Detection of the uterine anomaly is crucial in the choice of treatment of an ectopic pregnancy as well as planning of future pregnancies. Magnetic resonance is ...
Cabuk D - - 2007
The foregoing is a case report about a 30-year-old woman, who was referred to our psychiatry clinic with a clinical picture of manic episode, at the 21st week of her first pregnancy. She had a history of bipolar affective disorder for 12 years, had two previous manic episodes and had ...
Ciszewski Aleksander - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In recent years there has been an increase in the use of dental casting alloys in prosthodontic treatment. Many patients have metals or alloys, as well as amalgam fillings, in their mouth, and will have them for many years. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare, ...
Pradhan Pramila - - 2006
A retrospective study of ectopic pregnancy at Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital between January 2001 to June 2006 was carried out to determine incidence, demographic features, clinical presentation, duration at presentation and treatment, and the management protocol. A total of 36 cases of ectopic pregnancy were treated giving the incidence ...
Karaer Abdullah - - 2006
AIM: To identify the risk factors for ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective case-control study for the role of several risk factors in the occurrence of ectopic pregnancy in Turkey. A total of 225 cases and 375 controls were compared for sociodemographic characteristics, cigarette smoking, obstetric, gynaecological, surgical histories, ...
Kirk Emma - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the diagnosis and nonsurgical management of ectopic pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: In the majority of cases the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy should be made on transvaginal ultrasonography. Those for which the diagnosis is not made on the first scan may initially be classified as pregnancies ...
Aggarwal R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the first commercially available virtual reality (VR) simulator to incorporate procedural modules for training of inexperienced gynaecological surgeons to perform laparoscopic salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Departments of surgery and gynaecology in central London teaching hospitals. SAMPLE: Thirty gynaecological surgeons were recruited to ...
Gyang A - - 2006
A 41-year-old Chinese lady had a Gräfenberg ring in utero for 15 years. During that period of time, she had one normal vaginal delivery a year after insertion, followed by an ectopic pregnancy 12 years later. We discuss the possible mechanism of action of the Gräfenberg ring and sequelae of ...
Lavery Stuart - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to determine whether a dedicated ectopic pregnancy team improves the management of haemodynamically stable patients with suspected ectopic pregnancy who do not require immediate life-saving surgery. METHODS: A non-randomized population based study involving 210 patients admitted with a suspected ectopic pregnancy over a ...
Condous George - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy is still the most common cause of first trimester maternal deaths, accounting for 73% of early pregnancy mortalities. OBJECTIVE: Detailed management will not be discussed in this review. However, risk factors for tubal ectopic pregnancy, ultrasound diagnosis and the benefits of early pregnancy units will be discussed. ...
Eyvazzadeh Aimee D - - 2006
Pelvic pain during the first trimester of pregnancy can pose a challenge to the clinician. The noninvasive nature, safety, and reliability of ultrasonography make it the diagnostic method of choice for pregnant patients who have pelvic pain. Sonography provides information that allows for diagnosis of both pregnancy-related pain, such as ...
Mashour George A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The modified Mallampati (MMP) classification is a standard airway examination that assesses mouth opening and structures within the oral cavity. Recent data suggest that maximal mouth opening (as measured by interdental distance) is possible only with extension of the craniocervical junction. Because the MMP examination is performed with the ...
Kriebs Jan M - - 2006
The incidence of ectopic pregnancy in the United States has been reported to be as high as 20 per 1000 pregnancies, a more than 4-fold increase over the last 20 years. Clinical presentation can range from subtle, nonspecific abdominal complaints to acute onset pain or hemorrhagic bleeding. This article reviews ...
Barrenetxea Gorka - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence, diagnostic, and therapeutic management of heterotopic pregnancy by comparing a review for the 1971-1993 period with the one carried out in the present study (1994-2004). DESIGN: Review of the literature. SETTING: University teaching assisted reproductive technology (ART) center. PATIENT(S): Two case reports included in a ...
Xia Enlan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the outcomes and management of pregnancy after transcervical resection of the endometrium (TCRE). METHODS: Retrospective study of 39 pregnancies after 1621 procedures of TCRE. RESULTS: Among 1621 women who were successfully followed up after TCRE, there were 39 pregnancies in 32 women, including five ectopic pregnancies (12.8%) ...
Cortés-Charry Rafael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe 6 cases of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) in ectopic pregnancy admitted to Hospital Universitario de Caracas (HUC). STUDY DESIGN: Medical records of 6 patients admitted to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, HUC, from 1996 to 2004 were reviewed. They underwent surgery with a diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy, ...
Azizia M - - 2006
The mainstay of management of ectopic pregnancies is laparoscopic surgery. Other treatment options include open laparotomy, methotrexate or expectant approach. Recently the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) revised its guidelines regarding management of suspected ectopic pregnancies. We undertook a retrospective study looking at management of ectopic pregnancies over ...
Campillo Bernard - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Simple clinical tools are needed to detect malnutrition in cirrhotic patients. We have validated optimal body mass index (BMI) cut-offs for the diagnosis of malnutrition in accordance with the importance of ascites. METHODS: BMI, mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) and triceps skinfold thickness (TST) were measured before paracentesis in study ...
Pham Hong - - 2007
We present a case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with acute right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Work up with contrast enhanced CT to rule out appendicitis revealed dramatic ring enhancing cystic structure in the right adnexa corresponding to tubal ring sign of ectopic pregnancy seen on subsequent pelvic ultrasound. ...
Garde Rachana V - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the possible role of abnormal embryo migration as a cause of ectopic pregnancy during IVF with hydrosalpinges. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-based reproductive endocrinology and fertility clinic. PATIENT(S): A patient presenting with a tubal ectopic pregnancy after spontaneous conception in a preexisting hydrosalpinx. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic salpingectomy. MAIN ...
O'Leary Sharon M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intraperitoneal hemorrhage during pregnancy or in the postpartum period is a rare but dangerous phenomenon. CASE: A 41-year-old gravida 3 para 1, 9 days postpartum, presented with lower abdominal pain and hypovolemia. Emergent laparotomy revealed massive intraperitoneal hemorrhage caused by ectopic decidualization with vascular intrusion into the left ...
Siegle John C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic pregnancy is a rare occurrence, with spontaneous pregnancy often unsuspected and associated with delayed diagnosis. When previous ectopic pregnancy has been treated, future pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for ectopic pregnancy and potentially heterotopic pregnancy. Conservative treatment for ectopic pregnancy with either surgery or methotrexate leaves ...
Addar, Mohamed
A case of successful intrauterine pregnancy diagnosed after surgical removal of a ruptured ectopic pregnancy in a patient subjected to induction of ovulation for PCOS. Heterotopic pregnancy is a problem with increasing incidence that needs high alertness to avoid serious complications.
Bakken I J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to estimate temporal trends in ectopic pregnancy in a well-defined population. METHODS: We identified patients with ectopic pregnancy in hospital discharge registries in Sør-Trøndelag County, Norway, 1970-2004, and retrieved data from medical records. We calculated age-specific ectopic pregnancy incidence, proportions of patients with first ectopic ...
Valentin Lil - - 2006
This chapter summarizes the diagnostic performance (sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios) of ultrasound, computer tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of various gynecological diseases and tumors. Positron emission tomography is not discussed. Imaging in infertility, in the diagnosis of Mullerian duct anomalies and in gynecological oncology ...
Panczyk Tomasz - - 2006
This article deals with a quantitative analysis of thermodesorption spectra of ammonia: a technique commonly applied to study the surface acidity of solids. The method used for determination of adsorption energy distributions of ammonia is the same as that published recently for the case of hydrogen thermodesorption (Panczyk, T.; et ...
Bahrami Soon - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Schistosomal infections of the female reproductive tract are common in countries where the parasite is endemic. Serious complications, such as ectopic pregnancy and infertility, may arise in patients with gynecologic schistosomiasis. CASE: A primiparous, African woman presented with vaginal bleeding and was found to have an ectopic pregnancy. Laparoscopy ...
Berhan Yifru - - 2006
Some of the fascinating developmental anomalies encountered by Obstetricians and Gynecologists are mullerian duct disorder of various types. The diagnosis is usually made during workup for infertility, recurrent pregnancy loss or cyclic pelvic pain. Because of embryologic developmental structural share and proximity, it is not uncommon to find mullerian duct, ...
Levine Deborah - - 2006
Ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice for pregnant patients. However, MRI is increasingly utilized in patients in whom the sonographic diagnosis is unclear. These include maternal conditions unique to pregnancy such as ectopic pregnancy, placenta accreta, and uterine dehiscence. MRI is also being increasingly utilized in the assessment of ...
Waseem Muhammad - - 2006
An ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening form of pregnancy that is increasing in frequency especially in adolescents. Whenever a woman of childbearing age, including adolescents, presents with abdominal pain, the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy must be considered as a possibility because if it is not diagnosed and treated expediously and ...
Onah H E - - 2006
In order to evaluate the shock index in predicting a ruptured ectopic pregnancy in a Nigerian obstetric population, a prospective observational study of consecutive pregnant women presenting to the emergency room of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu with complaints of abdominal pain and/or vaginal bleeding in the first ...
Spyropoulou A C - - 2006
This is a case report of a 33 year old woman with a history of psychosis, who presented to the women's mental health clinic for consultation at the 12(th) week of gestation, having already received olanzapine throughout the first trimester. She was followed from that point on at our clinic ...
Petropoulou Haritini - - 2006
Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP) is a benign, self-limiting, pruritic disorder of pregnancy, which usually affects the primigravida during the last trimester or immediately postpartum. Its pathogenesis is unclear and its clinical manifestations are variable, leading frequently to an incorrect diagnosis. In cases of PEP the histological findings are nonspecific ...
Patel Maitray D - - 2006
Sonographic evaluation of the pregnant patient suspected of harboring an ectopic pregnancy (EP) helps determine patient management. Although clinicians typically ask sonologists to "rule out" EP in these patients, the sonologist actually must answer 3 questions: (1) Is there an intrauterine pregnancy (IUP)? (2) Is the possibility of normally developing ...
Quan W L - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Data on safety issues and therapeutic outcomes of endoscopy in pregnancy remains limited especially in the local context. The concerns are that of safety in sedation and radiation to the foetus, effects on the pregnancy, the need for special precautions on mother and foetus during the procedure and long-term ...
Bayrak Aykut - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the recurrence rate of hydrosalpinges after cuff neosalpingostomy in poor prognosis candidates. Forty consecutive patients with hydrosalpinx treated with cuff neosalpingostomy were included. Main outcome measures were recurrence rate of hydrosalpinx after cuff neosalpingostomy, intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy rates. Intraoperatively, the mean ...
Ramanan R V - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of transvaginal Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over a period of 3 years, 100 women with signs suggestive of a possible ectopic pregnancy were evaluated with endovaginal sonography and Doppler. The fallopian tubes were examined for the presence of ...
Okunlola M A - - 2006
Ectopic pregnancy remains an important cause of maternal mortality and morbidity as well as early foetal wastage in Nigeria and in other developing countries. We report 3 different cases of repeat ipsilateral ectopic pregnancy seen in the gynaecological emergency unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan. Cases of repeat ectopic ...
Anya, SE; ;
Background: Technological advances have led to earlier diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy with a decline in morbidity and mortality in developed countries. The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of presentation, management and outcome of ectopic pregnancy over an 18-year period. Methods: A retrospective descriptive analysis of cases ...
Anniyappan M - - 2006
The present paper discusses the efforts made in HEMRL to establish the synthesis of FOX-7 at 100 g/batch level. In the present study, 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene has been synthesised by treatment of acetamidinium chloride with diethylmalonate to obtain 2-methyl-pyrimidine-4,6-dione which on nitration followed by hydrolysis gave FOX-7. The synthesised FOX-7 has been ...
Dannon Pinhas N - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this naturalistic follow-up study was to examine the effect of pregnancy as a predicting factor of relapse in patients with panic disorder (PD). METHODS: Eighty-five female patients with PD (between the ages of 20 and 35 years) were included in this study. They were divided into ...
Root Kustritz Margaret V - - 2006
Average gestation length in domestic cats is 65.6 days, with a range of 52-74 days. Average reported litter size is 4.0 kittens per litter; litter size is not correlated with number of matings in a given estrus. Superfecundation is common in domestic cats; superfetation never has been definitively proven to ...
Chiossi Giuseppe - - 2006
Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a rare but known complication of severe hyperemesis gravidarum caused by thiamine deficiency. This article presents an unusual case that occurred at our institution and reviews the 48 previously published cases of WE in pregnancy. Considering all the 49 cases, the mean (+/-standard deviation) patients' age ...
Takeda Akihiro - - 2006
Two cases of spontaneous ectopic pregnancy occurring in the isthmic portion of the remnant tube after previous ipsilateral adnexectomy are presented. Laparoscopic observation and postoperative histopathological examination suggested intrauterine transmigration of the fertilized egg as the etiology. Laparoscopic excision of the remnant tube was performed and the postoperative course was ...
Morin Lucie - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: First, to review normal embryonic development and the sonographic evidence of early pregnancy failure; second, to review sonographic evidence of ectopic pregnancy. OUTCOMES: First, prediction of pregnancy failure, second, sonographic identification of ectopic pregnancy. EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search and review of bibliographies in identified articles was conducted. VALUES: The ...
Ryo Eiji - - 2006
Using saline solution including exuded extract from uterine curettings, hCG tests were performed in 63 women in whom there was a suspicion of ectopic pregnancy, and their results correlated highly with the microscopic existence of chorionic villi and trophoblasts. Ectopic pregnancy can be mostly excluded when the test is positive, ...
Corpa Juan Manuel - - 2006
Ectopic pregnancy denotes a pregnancy occurring elsewhere than in the cavity of the uterus. This pathology has been recognised for years and it causes numerous maternal deaths during the first trimester of pregnancy. While this condition is well-known in humans, it is rarely diagnosed in animals. However, the causes and ...
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