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Arnold S J SJ Department of Dermatology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, - - 2014
Good's syndrome is a rare, adult-acquired primary combined immunodeficiency syndrome arising in the context of previous or current thymoma. Patients with Good's syndrome frequently develop recurrent sinopulmonary infections and are also at high risk of autoimmune manifestations including skin conditions such as lichen planus. We report three cases of middle-aged ...
Qing Xin X Department of Pathology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, 1000 West Carson Street, Torrance, CA 90502, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Myelofibrosis is characterized by reticulin and/or collagen fibrosis in the bone marrow stroma resulting in secondary cytopenia. In addition to clonal hematologic neoplasms, myelofibrosis may also develop in association with other clinical conditions, including hematological disorders, solid malignancies, Down syndrome, autoimmune diseases and others. We report the first case to ...
Hirose Euichi E Department of Chemistry, Biology and Marine Science, Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, - - 2014
The infectious kinetoplastid Azumiobodo hoyamushi causes 'soft tunic syndrome', a serious problem in aquaculture of the edible ascidian Halocynthia roretzi. Infection tests using diseased tunics demonstrated that juvenile (0.8 yr old) individuals never developed soft tunic syndrome, but all individuals in the other age groups (1.8, 2.8, and 3.8 yr ...
Torres D D Dipartimento Biomedico di Medicina Interna e Specialistica (Di.Bi.M.I.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico (A.O.U.P.) “Paolo Giaccone”, University of Palermo, - - 2014
A 23-year-old man was admitted to hospital with a 12-day history of daily fever. A clinical history revealed that 10 months previously, the patient had been splenectomized and polytransfused for a severe blunt trauma. On admission, laboratory data revealed significant leukocytosis (33,230/ul). The patient's general clinical conditions rapidly worsened into ...
Bîrlu Iu Victoria - - 2014
Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome is a very rare neurological disorder associated with some viral infections and exceptionally with the West Nile virus. A 57-year-old Caucasian woman presented with fever, dizziness, balance difficulties, vomiting, dancing eye, altered speech, tremor, generalized myoclonus and failure to rise or stand. Our objective is to describe a ...
Plodpai Yuvatiya - - 2014
Gradenigo's syndrome is nowadays a rare condition characterized by a triad of otorrhea, facial pain with trigeminal nerve involvement and abducens nerve palsy. Most cases are caused by medial extension of acute otitis media into a pneumatized petrous apex and surgical drainage is usually the treatment of choice. We present ...
Bressieux-Degueldre Sabrina - - 2014
Desquamative interstitial pneumonia is a rare form of interstitial lung disease in children. Respiratory symptoms appear progressively, are often subtle, and diagnosis is often delayed by a mean of 6 months after onset. High resolution chest computed tomography is the most sensitive imaging technique for demonstrating and identifying interstitial pneumonia. ...
Makonahalli Rohitha R *Department of Neuroscience, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; and †Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a well-described condition involving the peripheral nervous system. The most well-known form of this disease is acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Among the different variants of GBS described in the literature, the sensory variant is scantily recognized. There has been a recent attempt to classify the sensory ...
Sanchez Porto Antonio A Hospital de La Linea de la Concepcion, Cadiz, Spain; Facultad de Medicina de Valladolid, Valladolid, - - 2014
Leclercia adecarboxylata is being increasingly diagnosed as a causative agent of infection due to the availability of rapid molecular diagnostic techniques Few cases of bacteraemia in subjects with underlying medical conditions have been reported. We report a case of L. adecarboxylata bacteraemia in an immunocompromised patient with metabolic syndrome.
Chung S J SJ Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital, Level 3, The Academia, 20 College Road, Singapore 169856. - - 2014
Since the emergence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in mid-2012, there has been controversy over the respiratory precaution recommendations in different guidelines from various international bodies. Our understanding of MERS-CoV is still evolving. Current recommendations on infection control practices are heavily influenced by the lessons learnt from severe ...
Faiz Saadia A SA aDepartment of Pulmonary Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center bDivisions of Critical Care, Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Pulmonary manifestations have been well described in leukemia, but pleural disease is less common. This review highlights pleural effusions in acute and chronic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) based on the evidence to date. Diagnostic workup and recommendations for the management of these effusions are also outlined. Pleural effusions in ...
Lai Shiue-Wei SW Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
Azacitidine is a novel agent for treating myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). It has a relatively safe toxicity profile with very few reported skin toxicities. Patients with MDS were prone to get severe infections, especially via respiratory tract, urinary system, and bloodstream. However, necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a relatively rare event in ...
Plojoux Jérôme J Department of Thoracic Oncology, Pleural Diseases, and Interventional Pulmonology, Hôpital Nord, Marseille, - - 2014
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute inflammatory polyradiculopathy frequently triggered by infection. It has also been reported in some cases after surgical procedures. We describe the first case of GBS occurring 9 days after lung lobectomy for localized lung cancer and efficiently treated with intravenous immunoglobulins. The exact physiopathology of ...
Srisuttiyakorn Chutika - - 2014
Subcutaneous histiocytoid Sweet’s syndrome is a rare variant of histiocytoid Sweet’s syndrome (SS). We present a 68-year-old woman with subcutaneous histiocytoid SS in association with refractory myelodysplastic syndrome transformed to acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), status post induction chemotherapy and with persistent blasts (50%) in the bone marrow and blood, accompanied ...
Juhasz Zoltan Z Division of Infectious Diseases, First Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Kálvária sgt. 57, H-6725, Hungary; Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Kossuth Lajos sgt. 40, H-6724, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of sudden death all over the world. The aetiology of sudden cardiac death among young adults includes Brugada syndrome and myocarditis. Brugada syndrome is a genetic abnormality of sodium channels in the myocardium with a characteristic electrocardiographic pattern. Myocarditis has several aetiologies including infections. ...
Hon Kam Lun KL Departments of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) is a common childhood pathogen associated with atypical pneumonia (AP). AP caused by MP has been called "walking pneumonia" because it is often a mild disease and seldom results in pediatric intensive care (PICU) admission. In 2003, World Health Organization (WHO) coined the word SARS (Severe Acute ...
Gomez Eric E Appalachian Regional Healthcare, Beckley, - - 2014
Streptococcus suis is an emerging swine-associated zoonosis that can cause meningitis and septicemia in humans. We present, to our knowledge, the first case of S. suis arthroplasty infection and streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome due to an non-encapsulated serotype 5 strain in North America.
Ozawa Takayuki T Department of Hematology, Toyonaka Municipal - - 2014
A 48-year-old woman was hospitalized because of severe thrombocytopenia, leg edema, and fever. Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy was administered, but no efficacy was obtained. Her bone marrow was dry-tap, and fibrosis was found in the biopsy specimens. A positron emission tomographic study showed FDG-avid lymphadenopathy and hepatomegaly. Biopsy specimens of axillary ...
Lyons O D - - 2014
A 53-year-old smoker presented with a history of recurrent lower respiratory tract infections. A diagnosis of Tracheal Diverticulosis due to Tracheobronchomegaly (Mounier-Kuhn Syndrome) was made. The clinical history, diagnosis and treatment options are discussed.
Stagi Stefano - - 2014
We describe a girl with Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder of the X chromosome in a phenotypic female at increased risk of autoimmune and immunological diseases, who developed Kawasaki disease at the age of four years.Given the possible relationship between these two disorders, we recommend suspecting Kawasaki disease in patients ...
Philbey A W AW Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Edinburgh EH25 9RG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe infestation with Aelurostrongylus abstrusus was identified in the lungs and small intestine of a 2-month-old kitten that died due to verminous pneumonia and enteritis. On clinical examination, the kitten had dyspnoea, pneumonia, pleural effusion, ascites and diarrhoea. An interstitial pattern was evident radiographically in the lungs. The kitten died ...
Malinowska Iwona I Department of Pediatrics, Hematology and Oncology, Medical University of Warsaw, 00-576, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Hemophagocytic syndrome, also known as hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a heterogenic syndrome, which leads to an acute, life-threatening inflammatory reaction. HLH occurs both in children and adults, and can be triggered by various inherited as well as acquired factors. Depending on the etiology, HLH can be divided into genetic (i.e., ...
Yousem Samuel A SA Departments of Pathology, Rheumatology, and Pulmonary Medicine, UPMC Presbyterian, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2582. Electronic address: - - 2014
The pulmonary histopathologic manifestations of the antisynthetase syndromes is poorly understood and reported. Eight cases of interstitial lung disease related to the presence of antitheonyl (PL7) transfer RNA synthetase autoantibodies along with a review of biopsy changes reported in the English literature are described. Most patients presented with dyspnea and ...
Figueiredo Luiz Tadeu Moraes LT Virology Research Center, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hantavirus (Bunyaviridae) Cardiopulmonary Syndrome (HCPS) is an emerging health problem in South America due to urban growth and to the expansion of agriculture and cattle-raising areas into ecosystems containing most of the species of Sigmodontinae rodents that act as hantavirus reservoirs. About 4000 HCPS cases have been reported in South ...
Liu Chia-Hsin CH Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
Spontaneous rupture of cystic mediastinal teratomas is rare but may cause serious complications. Here we report an unusual case of a cystic teratoma, which ruptured into the mediastinal and pleural cavities resulting in superior vena cava syndrome, acute mediastinitis, and pleural effusion. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment of ruptured ...
Bock Isabelle I Laboratoire d'hématologie, Hôpital de Mercy, CHR Metz-Thionville, - - 2014
The WHIM syndrome is a rare congenital immunodeficiency disorder characterized by human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, bacterial infections and myelokathexis. Myelokathexis refers to abnormal retention of mature neutrophils in the bone marrow leading to severe neutropenia. We report the case of a 20 year old man presenting with chronic and ...
Dasouki Majed M Department of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA; Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, 3 unrelated children with a potentially novel 3q26.33-3q27.2 microdeletion syndrome were reported. We now report a new 9 ½ years old Caucasian boy with a 2 Mb deletion of the same genomic region in combination with Klinefelter syndrome. He presented with facial dysmorphism, developmental delay, Asperger syndrome, thrombocytopenia, recurrent ...
Stevenson James J Department of Sexual Health and HIV, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
The cause of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is often multifactorial. It is uncommon in patients with human deficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, if the cause of PRES is left untreated it can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Thus, we believe it should be included as a differential in immunosuppressed ...
Cabral-Marques Otavio O Department of Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, 1730 Lineu Prestes Avenue, São Paulo, SP, ZIP 05508-000, - - 2014
Hyper-IgM (HIGM) syndrome is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by normal or elevated serum IgM levels associated with absent or decreased IgG, IgA and IgE. Here we summarize data from the HIGM syndrome Registry of the Latin American Society for Immunodeficiencies (LASID). Of the 58 patients from 51 families ...
Krautkrämer Ellen E Department of Nephrology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hantavirus-associated diseases represent emerging infections that are ranked in the highest priority group of communicable diseases for surveillance and epidemiological research (Balabanova et al., 2011). In the last years several novel hantavirus species were described and the number of host reservoir species harboring hantaviruses is also increasing. Reports of cases ...
Akilov Oleg E OE Department of Dermatology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
We present the case of a 20-month-old boy with congenital neutropenia for which he was being treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) who developed bullous Sweet's syndrome. Because of the challenging and extensive differential diagnosis of an acute bullous eruption in an immunocompromised child, we highlight the importance of a ...
Hussain Nasir N Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
A 49-year-old woman presented with occipital headaches, dizziness, photophobia and vomiting for 2 weeks' status post posterior scalp mole removal by a general surgeon. The physical examination revealed occipital lesions with foul smelling purulent discharge mixed with clear fluid drainage, webbed neck with decreased range of motion, facial asymmetry and ...
Wen Hong-Ling - - 2014
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease in China. The incidence and clinical and laboratory characteristics of SFTS are not clearly defined. During May 22-October 2, 2011, a total of 24 patients with fever, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia were clinically diagnosed as having SFTS in Yiyuan County, ...
Byun Jung-Ick JI Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Acquired neuromyotonia (NMT) forms part of the spectrum of acquired peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome, and is thought to be caused by antibodies to voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC). Exertional weakness is unusual unless autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is superimposed. A case of acquired NMT accompanied by exertional weakness without coexistence of ...
Tinelli Marco M Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hospital of Lodi, - - 2014
A 42-year-old woman, living in a nursing home for the mentally disabled, with congenital ventricular septal defect and multiple comorbidities, developed endocarditis with vegetations of the interventricular septum and the right coronary aortic leaflet. The main feature of this case was the metastatic embolism leading to multiple and muscular abscesses. ...
Furuhashi Kazuki K The Second Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, - - 2014
We herein report a case of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) with nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). A 58-year-old Japanese woman presented with oculocutaneous albinism and dyspnea on exertion. A high resolution computed tomography scan showed areas of reticular and ground glass opacity in the lungs, and a surgical lung biopsy revealed fibrotic ...
Alagaili Abdulaziz N - - 2014
ABSTRACT The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is proposed to be a zoonotic disease; however, the reservoir and mechanism for transmission of the causative agent, the MERS coronavirus, are unknown. Dromedary camels have been implicated through reports that some victims have been exposed to camels, camels in areas where the ...
Tralhão António A Department of Cardiology, Hospital de Santa Cruz, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Carnaxide, - - 2014
A 76-year-old woman with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and left bundle branch block was admitted for biventricular pacemaker implantation. The procedure was complicated by perforation of a coronary sinus tributary vein and ensuing pericardial effusion without tamponade. Three months later, she presented with fever, pleuritic chest pain and functional class worsening. ...
Karande Sunil S Department of Pediatrics, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
A toddler presented with poor appetite, weight loss and frequent respiratory tract infections for the past 6 months, fever and increasing paleness for the past 2 months and bilateral pedal oedema for the past 1 month. Anthropometry confirmed severe acute malnutrition. Clinical and laboratory evaluation revealed that the child also ...
Alkayem Mohammad M 0000-0001-8283-1980 Internal Medicine Department, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, 234 E 149th Street, Bronx, NY 10451, - - 2014
Hairy cell leukemia and Sweet syndrome are both uncommon hematological diagnoses. We present a patient who was admitted with fevers, pancytopenia, pneumonia, and rash. Diagnostic bone marrow biopsy demonstrates Hairy cell Leukemia and skin biopsy demonstrates neutrophils infiltration consistent with Sweet syndrome. The patient was treated with purine analogs with ...
Ribeiro Emmanuel E Department of Internal Medicine and Tropical Diseases, Saint-André Hospital, - - 2014
The dengue virus is responsible for a wide range of symptoms that can be classified into two distinct syndromes: classical dengue fever and severe dengue fever. Among the complicating forms, hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) has been previously reported in case series of patients with secondary dengue fever outside of endemic settings. ...
Ueki Yasushi Y Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, - - 2014
We herein report a case of infective endocarditis associated with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in a 34-year-old man with Klinefelter syndrome. The patient was admitted with a fever and headache that had persisted for three weeks. Repeated blood cultures showed growth of Streptococcus oralis. Echocardiography demonstrated severe mitral regurgitation with ...
Kuroda Junya J Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, - - 2014
Azacitidine is the first-line therapeutic option for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). This report describes a case of MDS in a patient who developed fatal acute interstitial pneumonitis (AIP) after the first seven-day course of intravenous azacitidine (75 mg/m(2)/day) treatment. A review of previous and present studies of azacitidine-associated AIP suggests that ...
Kodadhala Vijay V Department of Internal Medicine, Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC 20060, - - 2014
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a demyelinating disease, typically occurring in children following a febrile infection or a vaccination. Primary and secondary immune responses contribute to inflammation and subsequent demyelination, but the exact pathogenesis is still unknown. Diagnosis of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is strongly suggested by temporal relationship between an infection ...
Kanıtez Metin M Department of Medical Oncology, Sisli Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has markedly decreased human immunodeficiency virus- (HIV-) related mortality and the incidence of opportunistic infections. The dramatic reduction in HIV-1 RNA and increase in CD4 lymphocyte count mean a recovery in immune function. This restoration in immune function may be associated with paradoxical deterioration in ...
Shoji Masatoshi M Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Division of Cancer Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8641, Japan. - - 2014
Currarino syndrome (Currarino triad) was described in 1981 as a triad syndrome with a common embryogenesis in infants and with three characteristics: anorectal stenosis, a defect in the sacral bone, and a presacral mass. We describe here an unusual case of Currarino syndrome in an adult presenting with a presacral ...
McCoy Morgan H MH Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN - - 2014
A 3-year-old male with oculocutaneous albinism presented with lymphadenopathy and fever. Serological testing revealed Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) and a diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis was made. A complete blood count and peripheral blood smear demonstrated mild anemia, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia with leukocytes that contained large azurophilic and eosinophilic ...
Vera Cristina Pérez - - 2013
After a short-term fever, complex regional pain syndrome, characterized by hyperalgesia, intermittent swelling, erythema and cyanosis of both feet, was diagnosed in a female veterinarian. The woman was infected with Bartonella koehlerae and she was also Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii seroreactive. Having failed other treatments, symptoms resolved following initiation of ...
Inoue Mariko - - 2013
We herein report two cases of myelodysplastic syndrome with rheumatic manifestations. (Case 1) A 70-year-old man presented with fever, arthritis and bone pain and developed cranial nerve palsy caused by an epipharyngeal mass. Steroid therapy led to a prolonged remission of the febrile condition and mass lesion. (Case 2) An ...
Egües Dubuc César Antonio - - 2013
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HS) occurs in autoimmune diseases and belongs to the hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis group of diseases. This paper describes the features of 2 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who presented HS as the initial clinical manifestation. Both patients had prolonged fever not associated to an infectious process and did ...
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