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Hon Kam Lun KL Departments of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) is a common childhood pathogen associated with atypical pneumonia (AP). AP caused by MP has been called "walking pneumonia" because it is often a mild disease and seldom results in pediatric intensive care (PICU) admission. In 2003, World Health Organization (WHO) coined the word SARS (Severe Acute ...
Gomez Eric E Appalachian Regional Healthcare, Beckley, - - 2014
Streptococcus suis is an emerging swine-associated zoonosis that can cause meningitis and septicemia in humans. We present, to our knowledge, the first case of S. suis arthroplasty infection and streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome due to an non-encapsulated serotype 5 strain in North America.
Ozawa Takayuki T Department of Hematology, Toyonaka Municipal - - 2014
A 48-year-old woman was hospitalized because of severe thrombocytopenia, leg edema, and fever. Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy was administered, but no efficacy was obtained. Her bone marrow was dry-tap, and fibrosis was found in the biopsy specimens. A positron emission tomographic study showed FDG-avid lymphadenopathy and hepatomegaly. Biopsy specimens of axillary ...
Stagi Stefano - - 2014
We describe a girl with Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder of the X chromosome in a phenotypic female at increased risk of autoimmune and immunological diseases, who developed Kawasaki disease at the age of four years.Given the possible relationship between these two disorders, we recommend suspecting Kawasaki disease in patients ...
Shoji Masatoshi - - 2014
Currarino syndrome (Currarino triad) was described in 1981 as a triad syndrome with a common embryogenesis in infants and with three characteristics: anorectal stenosis, a defect in the sacral bone, and a presacral mass. We describe here an unusual case of Currarino syndrome in an adult presenting with a presacral ...
Philbey A W AW Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Edinburgh EH25 9RG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe infestation with Aelurostrongylus abstrusus was identified in the lungs and small intestine of a 2-month-old kitten that died due to verminous pneumonia and enteritis. On clinical examination, the kitten had dyspnoea, pneumonia, pleural effusion, ascites and diarrhoea. An interstitial pattern was evident radiographically in the lungs. The kitten died ...
Malinowska Iwona I Department of Pediatrics, Hematology and Oncology, Medical University of Warsaw, 00-576, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Hemophagocytic syndrome, also known as hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a heterogenic syndrome, which leads to an acute, life-threatening inflammatory reaction. HLH occurs both in children and adults, and can be triggered by various inherited as well as acquired factors. Depending on the etiology, HLH can be divided into genetic (i.e., ...
Figueiredo Luiz Tadeu Moraes LT Virology Research Center, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hantavirus (Bunyaviridae) Cardiopulmonary Syndrome (HCPS) is an emerging health problem in South America due to urban growth and to the expansion of agriculture and cattle-raising areas into ecosystems containing most of the species of Sigmodontinae rodents that act as hantavirus reservoirs. About 4000 HCPS cases have been reported in South ...
Liu Chia-Hsin CH Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
Spontaneous rupture of cystic mediastinal teratomas is rare but may cause serious complications. Here we report an unusual case of a cystic teratoma, which ruptured into the mediastinal and pleural cavities resulting in superior vena cava syndrome, acute mediastinitis, and pleural effusion. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment of ruptured ...
Bock Isabelle I Laboratoire d'hématologie, Hôpital de Mercy, CHR Metz-Thionville, - - 2014
The WHIM syndrome is a rare congenital immunodeficiency disorder characterized by human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, bacterial infections and myelokathexis. Myelokathexis refers to abnormal retention of mature neutrophils in the bone marrow leading to severe neutropenia. We report the case of a 20 year old man presenting with chronic and ...
Dasouki Majed M Department of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA; Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, 3 unrelated children with a potentially novel 3q26.33-3q27.2 microdeletion syndrome were reported. We now report a new 9 ½ years old Caucasian boy with a 2 Mb deletion of the same genomic region in combination with Klinefelter syndrome. He presented with facial dysmorphism, developmental delay, Asperger syndrome, thrombocytopenia, recurrent ...
Stevenson James J Department of Sexual Health and HIV, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
The cause of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is often multifactorial. It is uncommon in patients with human deficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, if the cause of PRES is left untreated it can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Thus, we believe it should be included as a differential in immunosuppressed ...
Cabral-Marques Otavio O Department of Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, 1730 Lineu Prestes Avenue, São Paulo, SP, ZIP 05508-000, - - 2014
Hyper-IgM (HIGM) syndrome is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by normal or elevated serum IgM levels associated with absent or decreased IgG, IgA and IgE. Here we summarize data from the HIGM syndrome Registry of the Latin American Society for Immunodeficiencies (LASID). Of the 58 patients from 51 families ...
Krautkrämer Ellen E Department of Nephrology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hantavirus-associated diseases represent emerging infections that are ranked in the highest priority group of communicable diseases for surveillance and epidemiological research (Balabanova et al., 2011). In the last years several novel hantavirus species were described and the number of host reservoir species harboring hantaviruses is also increasing. Reports of cases ...
Akilov Oleg E OE Department of Dermatology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
We present the case of a 20-month-old boy with congenital neutropenia for which he was being treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) who developed bullous Sweet's syndrome. Because of the challenging and extensive differential diagnosis of an acute bullous eruption in an immunocompromised child, we highlight the importance of a ...
Hussain Nasir N Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
A 49-year-old woman presented with occipital headaches, dizziness, photophobia and vomiting for 2 weeks' status post posterior scalp mole removal by a general surgeon. The physical examination revealed occipital lesions with foul smelling purulent discharge mixed with clear fluid drainage, webbed neck with decreased range of motion, facial asymmetry and ...
Wen Hong-Ling - - 2014
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease in China. The incidence and clinical and laboratory characteristics of SFTS are not clearly defined. During May 22-October 2, 2011, a total of 24 patients with fever, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia were clinically diagnosed as having SFTS in Yiyuan County, ...
Byun Jung-Ick JI Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Acquired neuromyotonia (NMT) forms part of the spectrum of acquired peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome, and is thought to be caused by antibodies to voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC). Exertional weakness is unusual unless autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is superimposed. A case of acquired NMT accompanied by exertional weakness without coexistence of ...
Tinelli Marco M Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hospital of Lodi, - - 2014
A 42-year-old woman, living in a nursing home for the mentally disabled, with congenital ventricular septal defect and multiple comorbidities, developed endocarditis with vegetations of the interventricular septum and the right coronary aortic leaflet. The main feature of this case was the metastatic embolism leading to multiple and muscular abscesses. ...
Furuhashi Kazuki K The Second Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, - - 2014
We herein report a case of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) with nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). A 58-year-old Japanese woman presented with oculocutaneous albinism and dyspnea on exertion. A high resolution computed tomography scan showed areas of reticular and ground glass opacity in the lungs, and a surgical lung biopsy revealed fibrotic ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059209.].
Alagaili Abdulaziz N - - 2014
ABSTRACT The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is proposed to be a zoonotic disease; however, the reservoir and mechanism for transmission of the causative agent, the MERS coronavirus, are unknown. Dromedary camels have been implicated through reports that some victims have been exposed to camels, camels in areas where the ...
Tralhão António A Department of Cardiology, Hospital de Santa Cruz, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Carnaxide, - - 2014
A 76-year-old woman with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and left bundle branch block was admitted for biventricular pacemaker implantation. The procedure was complicated by perforation of a coronary sinus tributary vein and ensuing pericardial effusion without tamponade. Three months later, she presented with fever, pleuritic chest pain and functional class worsening. ...
Karande Sunil S Department of Pediatrics, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
A toddler presented with poor appetite, weight loss and frequent respiratory tract infections for the past 6 months, fever and increasing paleness for the past 2 months and bilateral pedal oedema for the past 1 month. Anthropometry confirmed severe acute malnutrition. Clinical and laboratory evaluation revealed that the child also ...
Alkayem Mohammad M 0000-0001-8283-1980 Internal Medicine Department, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, 234 E 149th Street, Bronx, NY 10451, - - 2014
Hairy cell leukemia and Sweet syndrome are both uncommon hematological diagnoses. We present a patient who was admitted with fevers, pancytopenia, pneumonia, and rash. Diagnostic bone marrow biopsy demonstrates Hairy cell Leukemia and skin biopsy demonstrates neutrophils infiltration consistent with Sweet syndrome. The patient was treated with purine analogs with ...
Ribeiro Emmanuel E Department of Internal Medicine and Tropical Diseases, Saint-André Hospital, - - 2014
The dengue virus is responsible for a wide range of symptoms that can be classified into two distinct syndromes: classical dengue fever and severe dengue fever. Among the complicating forms, hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) has been previously reported in case series of patients with secondary dengue fever outside of endemic settings. ...
Vera Cristina Pérez - - 2013
After a short-term fever, complex regional pain syndrome, characterized by hyperalgesia, intermittent swelling, erythema and cyanosis of both feet, was diagnosed in a female veterinarian. The woman was infected with Bartonella koehlerae and she was also Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii seroreactive. Having failed other treatments, symptoms resolved following initiation of ...
Inoue Mariko - - 2013
We herein report two cases of myelodysplastic syndrome with rheumatic manifestations. (Case 1) A 70-year-old man presented with fever, arthritis and bone pain and developed cranial nerve palsy caused by an epipharyngeal mass. Steroid therapy led to a prolonged remission of the febrile condition and mass lesion. (Case 2) An ...
Egües Dubuc César Antonio - - 2013
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HS) occurs in autoimmune diseases and belongs to the hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis group of diseases. This paper describes the features of 2 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who presented HS as the initial clinical manifestation. Both patients had prolonged fever not associated to an infectious process and did ...
Kutsuna Satoshi - - 2013
A 26-year-old woman presented with fever and pharyngitis. She previously experienced four periodic febrile episodes at 30- to 40-day intervals. We suspected periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome, and prescribed predisolone, thereby her fever rapidly subsided. Her febrile episodes improved after daily cimetidine treatment. Genetic testing results ...
Aoki Hisaaki H Pediatric Department, Sakai Municipal Hospital, Osaka, - - 2013
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in children is usually caused by Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli, but approximately 5% of cases are caused by invasive pneumococcal infection (P-HUS). Reported herein is the case of a 9-month-old HUS patient with pneumococcal meningitis who needed hemodialysis for 12 days. Decreased sialylation was characterized in ...
Usul Afşar Ciğdem C Çukurova University Medical Faculty, Department of Medical Oncology, Adana, - - 2013
Sweet syndrome, also referred to as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, is characterized by tender, red inflammatory nodules or papules that occur in association with infection, malignancy, connective tissue disease, or following exposure to certain drugs. Here, we present Sweet syndrome in a case with small lymphocytic lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia (SLL/CLL) ...
Chiewchanvit Siri S Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. - - 2013
Recent articles have suggested an adult-onset immunodeficiency syndrome that was described in HIV-uninfected adults with disseminated non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection and/or another opportunistic infection with concomitant reactive dermatoses. Few studies reported the drugs used to treat these reactive neutrophilic dermatoses including systemic steroid, etretinate, clofazimine, colchicine, and dapsone. This study aims ...
Heshin-Bekenstein Merav - - 2013
Gradenigo's syndrome is a rare but life threatening complication of acute otitis media (AOM), which includes a classic triad of otitis media, deep facial pain and ipsilateral abducens nerve paralysis. The incidence of Fusobacterium necrophorum infections has increased in recent years. We describe two cases of Gradenigo's syndrome caused by ...
Wutte Nora - - 2013
Toxocarosis is a parasitic infection caused by Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati. Their definite hosts are the domestic dog and cat, where their adult forms live within the lumen of the small intestine. In humans, infective larvae hatch after ingestion of eggs, but the juvenile stages fail to develop into ...
Askari Raza - - 2013
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura-hemolytic uremic syndrome (TTP-HUS) is a unique multisystem syndrome. It can present with either chronic or subacute infections. Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infection that has been reported to present with TTP-HUS as tuberculous endocarditis in the presence of immunodeficiency and implanted medical devices in regions where TB ...
Unterer S - - 2013
Etiology of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) syndrome in dogs is unknown and histopathologic and microbial investigations have only been performed post mortem. To identify characteristic intra vitam endoscopic and histologic mucosal lesions, as well as bacterial species, within the mucosa of dogs with HGE. Ten dogs diagnosed with HGE were included. ...
Flor de Lima Bárbara - - 2013
Hand, foot, and mouth syndrome (HFMS) is a common acute illness. It is characterized by mild clinical symptoms including fever, blisters, and sores in the mouth and on the palms and soles following a 3- to 7-day incubation period. This syndrome is rarely seen in adults. A 35-year-old male Caucasian ...
Bagri Narendra - - 2013
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare complication of nephrotic syndrome in children, with a high mortality rate. We report a case with successful outcome with judicious intravenous antibiotics and skin grafting of the bilateral lower thighs.
Sarna Justyna R - - 2013
Metronidazole (Flagyl®) is an antimicrobial agent commonly used in clinical practice. Although it is generally well tolerated with minimal side effects, there are a host of still under-recognized neurologic complications of metronidazole treatment. The following review is aimed at summarizing current literature pertaining to metronidazole-induced neurotoxicity including clinical syndromes, neuroradiological ...
Kim Kye-Hyung - - 2013
We report a retrospectively identified fatal case of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in South Korea from 2012. SFTS virus was isolated from the stored blood of the patient. Phylogenetic analysis revealed this isolate was closely related to SFTS virus strains from China and Japan.
Kuruvilla Merin M Division of Allergy and Immunology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas at Children's Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2013
Long-term prophylactic antibiotics are being widely implemented as primary or adjunctive therapy in primary immune deficiencies. This practice has transformed clinical outcomes in the setting of chronic granulomatous disease, complement deficiencies, Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, hyper-IgE syndrome, Toll signaling defects, and prevented Pneumocystis in patients with T-cell ...
Lee Ju Hyun - - 2013
Nephrotic syndrome associated with Tsutsugamushi disease has not been previously reported. We are describing a case of Tsutsugamuchi disease presenting with nephrotic syndrome. A 72-year-old woman presented with fever and generalized edema. Laboratory studies revealed a leukocytosis, hypoalbuminemia, and hypercholesterolemia. Her urine protein excretion was 5.4 g/day. The anti-Tsutsugamushi antibody ...
Eilbert Wesley - - 2013
Lemierre's syndrome is a condition characterized by thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and bacteremia caused by primarily anaerobic organisms, following a recent oropharyngeal infection. This has been an uncommon illness in the era of antibiotic therapy, though it has been reported with increasing frequency in the past 15 years. ...
Mok Hoi Ping - - 2013
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is a recognized complication after the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. We report a patient who developed life-threatening pulmonary immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome three days after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. We reviewed published cases of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome after Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), ...
Letourneux Christel - - 2013
Granulomatous mastitis is a rare and often considered as idiopathic disease. However, clinical examination and thorough diagnostic investigations have to be carried out in order to identify cases that are secondary to infections or systemic diseases since these forms may be cured with appropriate etiologic treatment. To the best of ...
Maggadottir Solrun Melkorka SM Division of Allergy and Immunology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2013
A 2-year-old boy with chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome was referred for recurrent sinopulmonary infections. He was diagnosed shortly after birth by a fluorescence in situ hybridization test that was performed due to interrupted aortic arch type B. He had no hypocalcemia, and his recovery from cardiac repair was uneventful. He ...
Lima Alexandre Moretti de - - 2013
The hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome, or Job's syndrome is a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent skin abscesses, recurrent respiratory tract infections, and high levels of IgE, eosinophilia, bone and dental changes. We report the case of a fourteen-year-old male patient presenting this disease, with both typical and also some relatively ...
Sigua Jerome A - - 2013
Heiner syndrome is a rare but reversible non-IgE mediated hypersensitivity to cow's milk resulting in an atypical pulmonary disease in infants and young children. There isoften a delay in diagnosis in this disorder due to its unusual presentation with heterogeneous manifestations. Such infants usually have chronic or recurrent upper or ...
Bhutta Mahmood F - - 2013
Chronic otitis media (OM) is common in Down syndrome (DS), but underlying aetiology is unclear. We analysed the entire available mouse resource of partial trisomy models of DS looking for histological evidence of chronic middle-ear inflammation. We found a highly penetrant OM in the Dp(16)1Yey mouse, which carries a complete ...
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