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Khawandanah Mohamad O MO Hematology-Oncology Section, Department of Medicine, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, - - 2014
Evans syndrome is a rare condition manifested by combined autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and thrombocytopenia or neutropenia. It is often associated with other autoimmune disorders, immunodeficiencies, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We describe a patient with Evans syndrome that may have been related to exposure to a polyethylene-based intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). ...
Kim Poong-Taek PT Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
With advancement in biomechanical and biological research on idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome, the insight on the pathophysiology of carpal tunnel syndrome has gained much clinical relevance. Open carpal tunnel release is still a gold standard procedure for carpal tunnel syndrome, which has evolved into mini-open procedure with development of new ...
Pasini Andrea A Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Sant'Orsola-Malpighi, Via Massarenti 11, 40138, Bologna, - - 2014
The optimal therapeutic regimen for managing childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is still under debate. We have evaluated the choice of steroid regimen and of symptomatic treatment adopted by pediatricians and pediatric nephrologists in a large number of centers as the first step towards establishing a shared protocol METHODS: This ...
Hinson Ashley A *Departments of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC †Department of Pediatrics, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA ‡Department of Pediatrics, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, - - 2014
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a disease caused by dysregulation and hyperactivation of the immune system, and can be familial or acquired. HLH presenting in infancy can be rapidly fatal if not promptly recognized and treated. Congenital HLH can be caused by various genetic mutations or part of immunodeficiency syndromes. We ...
Shirato Kazuya - - 2014
The first documented case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) occurred in 2012, and outbreaks have continued ever since, mainly in Saudi Arabia. MERS-CoV is primarily diagnosed using a real-time RT-PCR assay, with at least two different genomic targets required for a positive diagnosis according to the case definition ...
Tassart G - - 2014
We report the case of a 62-year-old man who developed Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) following Hantavirus infection. Only three similar cases have been described in the literature so far. GBS is an autoimmune disease characterized by progressive symmetrical weakness of lower limbs extending to upper limbs and face and low or ...
Muthaffar Osama Y OY Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 80215, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Fax. +966 (12) 6408353. E-mail. - - 2014
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) usually presents in a symmetrical ascending fashion of weakness. We present a 6-month-old male infant who presented to our emergency room with acute left-sided limb weakness and head lag 3 days after a febrile upper respiratory tract infection. A diagnosis of GBS was established by confirming high ...
Bae Youin Y Department of Dermatology, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong, - - 2014
Green nail syndrome (chromonychia) is a nail disorder characterized by onycholysis and green-black discoloration of the nail bed. This condition is often associated with chronic paronychia. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most commonly identified organism in cultures from the affected area. Despite the various treatment options available, removal of the nail ...
Leclercq India I Laboratory for Urgent Response to Biological Threats (CIBU), Environment and Infectious Risks Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité (Cellule Pasteur), Paris, - - 2014
The culture supernatants of the emerging Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) were submitted to three temperatures over time and tested for infectivity by TCID50 method on Vero E6 cells. At 56°C, almost 25 minutes were necessary to reduce the initial titre by 4 log10 . Increasing temperature to 65°C had a ...
Arnold S J SJ Department of Dermatology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, - - 2014
Good's syndrome is a rare, adult-acquired primary combined immunodeficiency syndrome arising in the context of previous or current thymoma. Patients with Good's syndrome frequently develop recurrent sinopulmonary infections and are also at high risk of autoimmune manifestations including skin conditions such as lichen planus. We report three cases of middle-aged ...
Kim Kyoung-Woo KW Department of Neurology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, 22, Gwanpyeong-ro 170 beon-gil, Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of - - 2014
Miller Fisher syndrome is typically associated with a preceding infection, especially with Campylobacter jejuni. We describe a patient with Miller Fisher syndrome following Orientia tsutsugamushi infection, which to our knowledge has not been previously reported.
Noszczyk Bartłomiej H BH Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education, Warsaw, - - 2014
This retrospective report summarizes observations from eight operations where the endoscopically assisted approach was used to explore Guyon's canal syndromes of idiopathic aetiology. To evaluate the feasibility and limitations of endoscopic Guyon's canal release performed from a distal forearm incision. Eight charts and video records of eight ulnar tunnel syndrome ...
Qing Xin X Department of Pathology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, 1000 West Carson Street, Torrance, CA 90502, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Myelofibrosis is characterized by reticulin and/or collagen fibrosis in the bone marrow stroma resulting in secondary cytopenia. In addition to clonal hematologic neoplasms, myelofibrosis may also develop in association with other clinical conditions, including hematological disorders, solid malignancies, Down syndrome, autoimmune diseases and others. We report the first case to ...
Hirose Euichi E Department of Chemistry, Biology and Marine Science, Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, - - 2014
The infectious kinetoplastid Azumiobodo hoyamushi causes 'soft tunic syndrome', a serious problem in aquaculture of the edible ascidian Halocynthia roretzi. Infection tests using diseased tunics demonstrated that juvenile (0.8 yr old) individuals never developed soft tunic syndrome, but all individuals in the other age groups (1.8, 2.8, and 3.8 yr ...
Torres D D Dipartimento Biomedico di Medicina Interna e Specialistica (Di.Bi.M.I.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico (A.O.U.P.) “Paolo Giaccone”, University of Palermo, - - 2014
A 23-year-old man was admitted to hospital with a 12-day history of daily fever. A clinical history revealed that 10 months previously, the patient had been splenectomized and polytransfused for a severe blunt trauma. On admission, laboratory data revealed significant leukocytosis (33,230/ul). The patient's general clinical conditions rapidly worsened into ...
Bîrlu Iu Victoria - - 2014
Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome is a very rare neurological disorder associated with some viral infections and exceptionally with the West Nile virus. A 57-year-old Caucasian woman presented with fever, dizziness, balance difficulties, vomiting, dancing eye, altered speech, tremor, generalized myoclonus and failure to rise or stand. Our objective is to describe a ...
Plodpai Yuvatiya - - 2014
Gradenigo's syndrome is nowadays a rare condition characterized by a triad of otorrhea, facial pain with trigeminal nerve involvement and abducens nerve palsy. Most cases are caused by medial extension of acute otitis media into a pneumatized petrous apex and surgical drainage is usually the treatment of choice. We present ...
Bressieux-Degueldre Sabrina - - 2014
Desquamative interstitial pneumonia is a rare form of interstitial lung disease in children. Respiratory symptoms appear progressively, are often subtle, and diagnosis is often delayed by a mean of 6 months after onset. High resolution chest computed tomography is the most sensitive imaging technique for demonstrating and identifying interstitial pneumonia. ...
Makonahalli Rohitha R *Department of Neuroscience, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; and †Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a well-described condition involving the peripheral nervous system. The most well-known form of this disease is acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Among the different variants of GBS described in the literature, the sensory variant is scantily recognized. There has been a recent attempt to classify the sensory ...
Sanchez Porto Antonio A Hospital de La Linea de la Concepcion, Cadiz, Spain; Facultad de Medicina de Valladolid, Valladolid, - - 2014
Leclercia adecarboxylata is being increasingly diagnosed as a causative agent of infection due to the availability of rapid molecular diagnostic techniques Few cases of bacteraemia in subjects with underlying medical conditions have been reported. We report a case of L. adecarboxylata bacteraemia in an immunocompromised patient with metabolic syndrome.
Chung S J SJ Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital, Level 3, The Academia, 20 College Road, Singapore 169856. - - 2014
Since the emergence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in mid-2012, there has been controversy over the respiratory precaution recommendations in different guidelines from various international bodies. Our understanding of MERS-CoV is still evolving. Current recommendations on infection control practices are heavily influenced by the lessons learnt from severe ...
Maciejewska Jolanta J Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Immunodermatology, Ludwik Rydygier Medical College in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland. Head of Department: Rafał Czajkowski MD, PhD, DSc, Assoc. - - 2014
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare mucocutaneous, unpredictable, life-threatening drug side reactions. A very rare case of norfloxacin-induced SJS/TEN overlap with uncommon clinical presentation in a patient with a suspected urinary tract infection is reported. The SJS/TEN management with possible treatment capabilities are discussed. In spite ...
Faiz Saadia A SA aDepartment of Pulmonary Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center bDivisions of Critical Care, Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Pulmonary manifestations have been well described in leukemia, but pleural disease is less common. This review highlights pleural effusions in acute and chronic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) based on the evidence to date. Diagnostic workup and recommendations for the management of these effusions are also outlined. Pleural effusions in ...
Lai Shiue-Wei SW Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
Azacitidine is a novel agent for treating myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). It has a relatively safe toxicity profile with very few reported skin toxicities. Patients with MDS were prone to get severe infections, especially via respiratory tract, urinary system, and bloodstream. However, necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a relatively rare event in ...
Plojoux Jérôme J Department of Thoracic Oncology, Pleural Diseases, and Interventional Pulmonology, Hôpital Nord, Marseille, - - 2014
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute inflammatory polyradiculopathy frequently triggered by infection. It has also been reported in some cases after surgical procedures. We describe the first case of GBS occurring 9 days after lung lobectomy for localized lung cancer and efficiently treated with intravenous immunoglobulins. The exact physiopathology of ...
Srisuttiyakorn Chutika - - 2014
Subcutaneous histiocytoid Sweet’s syndrome is a rare variant of histiocytoid Sweet’s syndrome (SS). We present a 68-year-old woman with subcutaneous histiocytoid SS in association with refractory myelodysplastic syndrome transformed to acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), status post induction chemotherapy and with persistent blasts (50%) in the bone marrow and blood, accompanied ...
Juhasz Zoltan Z Division of Infectious Diseases, First Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Kálvária sgt. 57, H-6725, Hungary; Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Kossuth Lajos sgt. 40, H-6724, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of sudden death all over the world. The aetiology of sudden cardiac death among young adults includes Brugada syndrome and myocarditis. Brugada syndrome is a genetic abnormality of sodium channels in the myocardium with a characteristic electrocardiographic pattern. Myocarditis has several aetiologies including infections. ...
Hon Kam Lun KL Departments of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) is a common childhood pathogen associated with atypical pneumonia (AP). AP caused by MP has been called "walking pneumonia" because it is often a mild disease and seldom results in pediatric intensive care (PICU) admission. In 2003, World Health Organization (WHO) coined the word SARS (Severe Acute ...
Gomez Eric E Appalachian Regional Healthcare, Beckley, West Virginia, USA - - 2014
Streptococcus suis is an emerging swine-associated zoonotic agent that can cause meningitis and septicemia in humans. We present, to our knowledge, the first case of S. suis arthroplasty infection and streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome due to an nonencapsulated serotype 5 strain in North America.
Ozawa Takayuki T Department of Hematology, Toyonaka Municipal - - 2014
A 48-year-old woman was hospitalized because of severe thrombocytopenia, leg edema, and fever. Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy was administered, but no efficacy was obtained. Her bone marrow was dry-tap, and fibrosis was found in the biopsy specimens. A positron emission tomographic study showed FDG-avid lymphadenopathy and hepatomegaly. Biopsy specimens of axillary ...
Lyons O D - - 2014
A 53-year-old smoker presented with a history of recurrent lower respiratory tract infections. A diagnosis of Tracheal Diverticulosis due to Tracheobronchomegaly (Mounier-Kuhn Syndrome) was made. The clinical history, diagnosis and treatment options are discussed.
Stagi Stefano - - 2014
We describe a girl with Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder of the X chromosome in a phenotypic female at increased risk of autoimmune and immunological diseases, who developed Kawasaki disease at the age of four years.Given the possible relationship between these two disorders, we recommend suspecting Kawasaki disease in patients ...
Philbey A W AW Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Edinburgh EH25 9RG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe infestation with Aelurostrongylus abstrusus was identified in the lungs and small intestine of a 2-month-old kitten that died due to verminous pneumonia and enteritis. On clinical examination, the kitten had dyspnoea, pneumonia, pleural effusion, ascites and diarrhoea. An interstitial pattern was evident radiographically in the lungs. The kitten died ...
Malinowska Iwona I Department of Pediatrics, Hematology and Oncology, Medical University of Warsaw, 00-576, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Hemophagocytic syndrome, also known as hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a heterogenic syndrome, which leads to an acute, life-threatening inflammatory reaction. HLH occurs both in children and adults, and can be triggered by various inherited as well as acquired factors. Depending on the etiology, HLH can be divided into genetic (i.e., ...
Yousem Samuel A SA Departments of Pathology, Rheumatology, and Pulmonary Medicine, UPMC Presbyterian, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2582. Electronic address: - - 2014
The pulmonary histopathologic manifestations of the antisynthetase syndromes is poorly understood and reported. Eight cases of interstitial lung disease related to the presence of antitheonyl (PL7) transfer RNA synthetase autoantibodies along with a review of biopsy changes reported in the English literature are described. Most patients presented with dyspnea and ...
Figueiredo Luiz Tadeu Moraes LT Virology Research Center, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hantavirus (Bunyaviridae) Cardiopulmonary Syndrome (HCPS) is an emerging health problem in South America due to urban growth and to the expansion of agriculture and cattle-raising areas into ecosystems containing most of the species of Sigmodontinae rodents that act as hantavirus reservoirs. About 4000 HCPS cases have been reported in South ...
Liu Chia-Hsin CH Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
Spontaneous rupture of cystic mediastinal teratomas is rare but may cause serious complications. Here we report an unusual case of a cystic teratoma, which ruptured into the mediastinal and pleural cavities resulting in superior vena cava syndrome, acute mediastinitis, and pleural effusion. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment of ruptured ...
Bock Isabelle I Laboratoire d'hématologie, Hôpital de Mercy, CHR Metz-Thionville, - - 2014
The WHIM syndrome is a rare congenital immunodeficiency disorder characterized by human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, bacterial infections and myelokathexis. Myelokathexis refers to abnormal retention of mature neutrophils in the bone marrow leading to severe neutropenia. We report the case of a 20 year old man presenting with chronic and ...
Dasouki Majed M Department of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA; Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, 3 unrelated children with a potentially novel 3q26.33-3q27.2 microdeletion syndrome were reported. We now report a new 9 ½ years old Caucasian boy with a 2 Mb deletion of the same genomic region in combination with Klinefelter syndrome. He presented with facial dysmorphism, developmental delay, Asperger syndrome, thrombocytopenia, recurrent ...
Stevenson James J Department of Sexual Health and HIV, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
The cause of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is often multifactorial. It is uncommon in patients with human deficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, if the cause of PRES is left untreated it can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Thus, we believe it should be included as a differential in immunosuppressed ...
Cabral-Marques Otavio O Department of Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, 1730 Lineu Prestes Avenue, São Paulo, SP, ZIP 05508-000, - - 2014
Hyper-IgM (HIGM) syndrome is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by normal or elevated serum IgM levels associated with absent or decreased IgG, IgA and IgE. Here we summarize data from the HIGM syndrome Registry of the Latin American Society for Immunodeficiencies (LASID). Of the 58 patients from 51 families ...
Krautkrämer Ellen E Department of Nephrology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hantavirus-associated diseases represent emerging infections that are ranked in the highest priority group of communicable diseases for surveillance and epidemiological research (Balabanova et al., 2011). In the last years several novel hantavirus species were described and the number of host reservoir species harboring hantaviruses is also increasing. Reports of cases ...
Akilov Oleg E OE Department of Dermatology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
We present the case of a 20-month-old boy with congenital neutropenia for which he was being treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) who developed bullous Sweet's syndrome. Because of the challenging and extensive differential diagnosis of an acute bullous eruption in an immunocompromised child, we highlight the importance of a ...
Hussain Nasir N Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
A 49-year-old woman presented with occipital headaches, dizziness, photophobia and vomiting for 2 weeks' status post posterior scalp mole removal by a general surgeon. The physical examination revealed occipital lesions with foul smelling purulent discharge mixed with clear fluid drainage, webbed neck with decreased range of motion, facial asymmetry and ...
Wen Hong-Ling - - 2014
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease in China. The incidence and clinical and laboratory characteristics of SFTS are not clearly defined. During May 22-October 2, 2011, a total of 24 patients with fever, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia were clinically diagnosed as having SFTS in Yiyuan County, ...
Byun Jung-Ick JI Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Acquired neuromyotonia (NMT) forms part of the spectrum of acquired peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome, and is thought to be caused by antibodies to voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC). Exertional weakness is unusual unless autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is superimposed. A case of acquired NMT accompanied by exertional weakness without coexistence of ...
Tinelli Marco M Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hospital of Lodi, - - 2014
A 42-year-old woman, living in a nursing home for the mentally disabled, with congenital ventricular septal defect and multiple comorbidities, developed endocarditis with vegetations of the interventricular septum and the right coronary aortic leaflet. The main feature of this case was the metastatic embolism leading to multiple and muscular abscesses. ...
Furuhashi Kazuki K The Second Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, - - 2014
We herein report a case of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) with nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). A 58-year-old Japanese woman presented with oculocutaneous albinism and dyspnea on exertion. A high resolution computed tomography scan showed areas of reticular and ground glass opacity in the lungs, and a surgical lung biopsy revealed fibrotic ...
Alagaili Abdulaziz N - - 2014
ABSTRACT The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is proposed to be a zoonotic disease; however, the reservoir and mechanism for transmission of the causative agent, the MERS coronavirus, are unknown. Dromedary camels have been implicated through reports that some victims have been exposed to camels, camels in areas where the ...
Tralhão António A Department of Cardiology, Hospital de Santa Cruz, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Carnaxide, - - 2014
A 76-year-old woman with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and left bundle branch block was admitted for biventricular pacemaker implantation. The procedure was complicated by perforation of a coronary sinus tributary vein and ensuing pericardial effusion without tamponade. Three months later, she presented with fever, pleuritic chest pain and functional class worsening. ...
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