Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 181
1 2 3 4 >
Chaabane Amel A Department of Pharmacology, University of Medicine, Monastir, Tunisia. - - 2014
We describe, the first case of phenobarbital-induced DRESS syndrome presenting as a lichenoïd eruption. A 49-year-old man had received phenobarbital for a cerebral metastasis. Twenty-five days later, he developed a purplish skin eruption, odynophagia, oral mucosal erosion and fever. Physical examination revealed a cervical lymphadenopathy and facial edema associated to ...
Kim Hak-Seon - - 2014
While the prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing, little is presently known about this syndrome in Korean elderly. This study aimed to group metabolic risk factors and to examine the associations between groups of health living conditions and metabolic syndrome using data from the Korean National Health Examination and Nutritional ...
Helfrich Alison M - - 2014
Abstract Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) affects multiple systems and has a known association with infantile hypercalcemia that is typically mild and transient. We report a 12-month-old female previously diagnosed with WBS by a chromosomal microarray, who was admitted for failure to thrive. Upon evaluation, serum calcium of 19.0 mg/dL (4.75 mmol/L) ...
Matthews K K Griffith University, Southport, QLD, - - 2014
Limited research exists concerning how consistently and accurately student and newly-graduated dietitians are identifying refeeding syndrome risk in hospitalised patients. The present study aimed to determine the consistency of students' and newly-graduated dietitians' classification of refeeding syndrome risk, as well as agreement with the application of comparison tools such as ...
Taguchi Takahiro T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hiroshima University Hospital, Hiroshima, - - 2014
Heyde syndrome is a triad of aortic stenosis, acquired coagulopathy, and anemia due to bleeding from intestinal angiodysplasia. Here we describe a case of this syndrome. An 80-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis was referred to our department for an aortic valve replacement. She suffered from recurrent iron-deficiency anemia and ...
Correa Camila R CR Jean Mayer USDA- Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington St., Boston, MA 02111, USA. ; Department of Internal Medicine, Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Distrito Rubiao Jr. s/n, 18618-970 Botucatu, SP, - - 2014
Angelica keiskei is a green leafy vegetable rich in plant pigment phytochemicals such as flavonoids and carotenoids. This study examined bioavailability of flavonoids and carotenoids in Angelica keiskei and the alteration of the antioxidant performance in vivo. Absorption kinetics of phytochemicals in Angelica keiskei were determined in healthy older adults ...
Tsitsimpikou Christina C General Chemical State Laboratory of Greece, 16 An. Tsocha Str., 11521, Athens, - - 2014
Lycopene, a carotenoid, is known for its antioxidant properties. Little is known, though, about the relationship of dietary tomato-juice intake and risks factors, like inflammation, insulin resistance and hyperlipidemia, implicated in metabolic syndrome. In the present study, we examined whether supplementation with tomato-juice has any implication on the risk status ...
Mirza Bilal B Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Children's Hospital and the Institute of Child Health - - 2014
Appendicular band syndrome is an exceedingly rare surgical emergency that may lead to intestinal obstruction and strangulation. We report a case of 2-year-old boy who presented with acute intestinal obstruction with a mass in right iliac fossa (RIF). At exploration, an inflamed appendix had entrapped a loop of terminal ileum ...
Agbaht Kemal K Balikesir State Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Turkey; Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO), and 25(OH)D in the presence or absence of metabolic syndrome in an obese population. Data from a prospectively generated "Obesity Polyclinic" database that includes socio-demographic characteristics, anthropometric, and laboratory measurements of obese subjects were retrospectively analyzed. Subjects ...
Moreira Isabel I Neurology Department, Hospital Santo António, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Largo Prof. Abel Salazar, 4099-001, Porto, Portugal, - - 2014
Primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the salivary and tear glands, and autoantibody secretion, in the absence of other systemic autoimmune disorder. Among autoimmune diseases, it is a relatively common disease, but the burden of central nervous system (CNS) involvement is controversial. ...
Derecki Noël C NC Department of Neuroscience and Center for Brain Immunology and Glia (BIG), School of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, USA, - - 2014
Microglia, the tissue-resident macrophages of the brain, are attracting increasing attention as key players in brain homeostasis from development through aging. Recent works have highlighted new and unexpected roles for these once-enigmatic cells in both healthy central nervous system function and in diverse pathologies long thought to be primarily the ...
Tai Chao C Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195; - - 2014
Haploinsufficiency of the voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.1 causes Dravet syndrome, an intractable developmental epilepsy syndrome with seizure onset in the first year of life. Specific heterozygous deletion of NaV1.1 in forebrain GABAergic-inhibitory neurons is sufficient to cause all the manifestations of Dravet syndrome in mice, but the physiological roles of ...
Adedeji Adeyemi O AO Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronaviruses are positive stranded RNA viruses that cause respiratory, enteric and central nervous system diseases in many species, including humans. Until recently, the relatively low burden of disease in humans caused by few of these viruses impeded the development of coronavirus specific therapeutics. However, the emergence of severe acute respiratory ...
Pacheco Adalberto - - 2014
Chronic cough or cough that lasts more than 8 weeks, once a chest x-ray and spirometry are confirmed normal, is caused by an alteration in a section of the route between peripheral receptors, mainly in the upper and lower airway and oesophagus, spinal cord and the cough centre in the ...
Castro Jorge J Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139; - - 2014
Rett Syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that arises from mutations in the X-linked gene methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2). MeCP2 has a large number of targets and a wide range of functions, suggesting the hypothesis that functional signaling mechanisms upstream of synaptic and circuit maturation may contribute to our understanding ...
Castrioto Anna A Grenoble University Hospital, Psychiatry and Neurology Dept., Grenoble, France; Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience, INSERM-UJF-CEA U836, Grenoble, - - 2014
Postural abnormalities such as postural deviations affect nearly all patients with advanced Parkinson's disease and represent an important source of disability. Although their existence has long been known, their management remains a challenge as they respond poorly to medication, brain surgery, or physiotherapy. Improving management strategies will require better understanding ...
Golesic Elizabeth A EA Department of Ophthalmology, Ivey Eye Institute, Western University, London, - - 2014
To report a case of bilateral central retinal vein occlusion as the presenting feature of new onset multiple myeloma in an otherwise healthy man. A 44-year-old man presented with painless visual changes in his left eye. Ophthalmic examination revealed what appeared to be bilateral central retinal vein occlusion and hematologic ...
Yasukawa Kosuke K Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Department of Pathology and Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas - - 2014
As a result of global migration, a significant number of people with Trypanosoma cruzi infection now live in the United States, Canada, many countries in Europe, and other non-endemic countries. Trypanosoma cruzi meningoencephalitis is a rare cause of ring-enhancing lesions in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) that can closely ...
Deedwania Prakash C PC University of California San Francisco, Fresno, CA, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome is an important cardiovascular risk factor. To determine its prevalence among urban subjects in India we performed a multisite study. The study was performed at eleven cities using cluster sampling. 6198 subjects (men 3426, women 2772, response 62%, age 48±10 years) were evaluated for socio-demographic, lifestyle, anthropometric and ...
Cong Yingying Y Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, - - 2014
Most coronaviruses cause respiratory or intestinal infections in their animal or human host. Hence, their interaction with polarized epithelial cells plays a critical role in the onset and outcome of infection. In this paper, we review the knowledge regarding the entry and release of coronaviruses, with particular emphasis on the ...
Schlaich Markus M Neurovascular Hypertension and Kidney Disease and Human Neurotransmitters Laboratories, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome is associated with adverse health outcomes and is a growing problem worldwide. Although efforts to harmonise the definition of metabolic syndrome have helped to better understand the prevalence and the adverse outcomes associated with the disorder on a global scale, the mechanisms underpinning the metabolic changes that define ...
Sivaswamy Lalitha - - 2014
Ataxia refers to motor incoordination that is usually most prominent during movement or when a child is attempting to maintain a sitting posture. The first part of the review focuses on the anatomic localization of ataxia - both within the nervous system and without - using a combination of historical ...
Forsythe J J - - 2014
Hung JA, Rajeev P. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome following total thyroidectomy. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2013; 95: 457-460 doi 10.1308/003588413X13629960048118.
Naik Karkal Ravishankar KR Department of Neurology, KLES' Dr Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centres, Belgaum, Karnataka, India ; Department of Neurology, KLE University's Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum, Karnataka, - - 2014
Areflexia is one of the cardinal clinical features for the diagnosis of Guillain Barré syndrome. However, some patients may have sluggish proximal muscle stretch reflexes. Presence of thumb reflex, a distal stretch muscle reflex has not been documented in Guillain Barré syndrome. We prospectively evaluated thumb reflex in Guillain Barré ...
Loiseau Camille C Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 1158, Neurophysiologie Respiratoire Expérimentale et Clinique, F-75005, Paris, France; INSERM, UMR_S 1158, Neurophysiologie Respiratoire Expérimentale et Clinique, F-75005, Paris, - - 2014
Central Congenital Hypoventilation Syndrome is a neuro-respiratory disease characterized by the dysfunction of the CO2/H(+) chemosensitive neurons of the retrotrapezoid nucleus/parafacial respiratory group. A recovery of CO2/H(+) chemosensitivity has been observed in some Central Congenital Hypoventilation Syndrome patients coincidental with contraceptive treatment by a potent progestin, desogestrel (Straus et al., ...
Petazzi Paolo P Cancer Epigenetics and Biology Program (PEBC), Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), 08908L'Hospitalet, Barcelona, Catalonia, - - 2014
Epigenetic mechanisms are fundamental for shaping the activity of the central nervous system (CNS). Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) acts as a bridge between methylated DNA and transcriptional effectors responsible for differentiation programs in neurons. The importance of MECP2 dosage in CNS is evident in Rett Syndrome and MECP2 duplication ...
Minocha Rashi R Department of Dermatology, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, - - 2014
A 47-year-old man presented with an acute, cutaneous eruption of exquisitely painful papules at the operative site 4 weeks after a right tibial osteotomy. Initially this was managed as a postoperative wound infection; however the exacerbation and spread of the cutaneous eruption prompted further investigation. Histopathology and clinical findings were ...
Xiang Y T YT Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China / Department of Psychiatry, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
The year 2013 marks the 10th anniversary of the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). We present a comprehensive introduction to the current situation of surviving SARS victims in China where the disease originated and spread across the world 10 years ago.
Na Elisa S ES Department of Neuroscience, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2014
Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2 (MeCP2) is a ubiquitously expressed transcriptional regulator with functional importance in the central nervous system. Loss of function mutations in MECP2 results in the neurodevelopmental disorder, Rett Syndrome, while increased expression levels are associated with the neurological disorder, MECP2 duplication syndrome. Previous characterization of a mouse line ...
Sagie Shira S Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Rambam Health Care Campus and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine and Research Institute, Technion, Haifa 31096, - - 2014
Human telomeric regions are packaged as constitutive heterochromatin, characterized by extensive subtelomeric DNA methylation and specific histone modifications. ICF (Immunodeficiency, Centromeric instability, Facial anomalies) type I patients carry mutations in DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B) that methylates de novo repetitive sequences during early embryonic development. ICF type I patient-fibroblasts display hypomethylated ...
Tremlett Will W 1Department of Paediatrics, Ealing Hospital NHS Trust, London, Middlesex 2American Medical School of the - - 2014
We describe a case of recurrent toxic shock syndrome in a 15-year-old girl. The condition was initially associated with tampon use but recurred during menstruation after she had ceased to use tampons. The case suggests host susceptibility factors, including systemic antibody concentrations, are particularly significant in this disorder. The importance ...
Emmi Giacomo G Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, L.go G. Brambilla 3, 50134, Florence, Italy, - - 2014
Behçet syndrome is a systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by multiorgan involvement such as oral and genital ulcers, uveitis, skin lesions as well as by less frequent, but often more severe, central nervous system and vascular manifestations. The pathogenetic mechanisms are still incompletely known; however the interaction between a specific genetic ...
Peters Tess T Division of Dermatology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Focal dermal hypoplasia (Goltz syndrome, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man [OMIM] 305600) is a rare X-linked dominant congenital disorder involving defects of mesodermal- and ectodermal-derived structures. It is associated with mutations in the PORCN gene, a regulator of Wnt signaling proteins. The phenotype is highly variable, although all describe characteristic ...
Streifler Jonathan Y JY Department of Neurology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv and Neurology Unit, Hasharon Hospital, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Connective tissue disorders are systemic, autoimmune, multiorgan diseases in which the central and peripheral nervous systems are frequently involved. The objective of this chapter is to describe the neurological manifestations of three of the most common systemic autoimmune disorders: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), scleroderma, and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). In SLE ...
Didelot Adrien A Centre de Référence, de Diagnostic et de Traitement des Syndromes Neurologiques Paranéoplasiques and INSERM U842, UMR-S842, Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Paraneoplatic neurologic syndromes (PNS) have been seminally defined as acute or subacute neurological syndromes resulting from nervous system dysfunction that is remote from the site of a malignant neoplasm or its metastases. However, in respect to our current understanding of their pathogenesis we may redefine these disorders as cancer-related dysimmune ...
Saip Sabahattin S Department of Neurology, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Behçet syndrome (BS) is an idiopathic chronic relapsing multisystem vascular-inflammatory disease of unknown origin. As the disease affects many organs and systems and shows a wide range of clinical manifestations and presentations, it is prefereable to call Behçet's a syndrome (BS) rather than a disease. Nervous system involvement, known as ...
Sharma Punit P Department of Nuclear Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, - - 2014
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is a rare neoplastic disorder characterized by central nervous system (CNS) and visceral tumors. We here present (68)Ga-labelled [1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid]-1-Nal3-Octreotide positron emission tomography computed tomography findings in a 52 year old female with VHL syndrome, demonstrating both CNS and visceral ...
Desai Soaham Dilip SD Department of Neurology, Shree Krishna Hospital and Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat, - - 2014
Garcia-Hafner-Happle syndrome, also known as Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 epidermal nevus syndrome, is a new neurocutaneous phenotype, which has been identified in 2008 by Garc─▒'a-Vargas et al. The disorder is caused by a mosaic R248C mutation of the FGFR3 gene, which is characterized by a keratinocytic epidermal nevus, acanthosis ...
Lane Chris C Department of Neurology, Guys and St Thomas' Hospital, London, - - 2014
Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is a recently described central nervous system inflammatory condition. In this case report we describe a patient initially with features consistent with this syndrome, who represented with seizures (not previously reported in this syndrome) and corresponding prominent cortical involvement ...
Giorelli Maurizio M Operative Unit of Neurology, "Dimiccoli" General Hospital, Barletta, - - 2014
Posterior cortical atrophy is a clinical syndrome that is characterized by the progressive loss of visuospatial integration and is associated with neurodegenerative conditions. We describe a 60-year-old female with simultanagnosia, oculomotor apraxia, and optic ataxia for which she received an initial clinical diagnosis of posterior cortical atrophy. Three years later, ...
Basson M Albert MA Department of Craniofacial Development and Stem Cell Biology; King's College London; Guy's Hospital Tower Wing; London, - - 2014
CHARGE syndrome is a rare, autosomal dominant condition caused by mutations in the CHD7 gene. Although central nervous system defects have been reported, the detailed description and analysis of these anomalies in CHARGE syndrome patients lag far behind the description of other, more easily observed defects. We recently described cerebellar ...
Horton Emma E Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, - - 2014
Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis is a rare syndrome defined by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and decreased consciousness. It is considered to be a variant of Miller Fisher syndrome and Guillain-Barré syndrome but is differentiated from the two by the presence of central nervous system involvement, commonly in the form of ...
Bhullar Mandeep Kaur MK Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Luxmi Bai Dental College and Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, - - 2014
A supernumerary tooth is an additional entity to the normal series and can be seen in all quadrants of the jaw. Occurrence may be single or multiple, unilateral or bilateral, erupted or impacted in one or in both jaws. Multiple supernumeraries are rare in individuals with no other associated disease ...
Seo Jin-A JA Department of Family medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has been increasing rapidly worldwide. The functions of zinc may have a potential association with metabolic syndrome, but such associations have not been investigated extensively. Therefore, we examined the relationship between serum zinc levels and metabolic syndrome or metabolic risk factors among South Korean adults ...
Sakamaki Yuichi Y Division of Clinical Nephrology and Rheumatology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, - - 2014
A 69-year-old man presented with proteinuria and hematuria. He had received total parenteral nutrition for massive small bowel resection. However, due to the iatrogenic lack of trace elements for the next four years, he developed severe copper-deficiency anemia and neutropenia. In addition, his proteinuria and kidney dysfunction worsened concurrently with ...
Wang Yuanjie Y Department of Gastroenterology Surgery, Taizhou People's hospital, Taizhou, - - 2014
Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome (BRBNS) is an uncommon congenital disorder characterized by sporadic venous malformation which mainly occurs in skin and alimentary canal. Here, we report a BRBNS patient with concomitant intestinal intussusception who diagnosed by intraoperative endoscopy and ultimately managed using surgical resection. A 19-year-old boy was referred ...
Adrish Muhammad M Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center, Bronx, NY, - - 2014
Male, 42 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Gluteal compartment syndrome • acute peripheral nauropathy - - Clinical Procedure: - Specialty: Critical Care Medicine. Management of emergency care. Heroin addiction is common, with an estimated 3.7 million Americans reporting to have used it at some point in their lives. Complications of opiate overdose include ...
Woo Hae Dong HD Molecular Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Center, Goyang-si, - - 2014
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has been increasing in Korea and has been associated with dietary habits. The aim of our study was to identify the relationship between dietary patterns and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Using a validated food frequency questionnaire, we employed a cross-sectional design to assess the ...
Bizzotto Nicola N 0000-0003-4391-629X Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Integrated University Hospital, Piazzale A. Stefani 2, 37126 Verona, - - 2014
Hair toe tourniquet syndrome (HTTS) is an uncommon pediatric condition occurring when the toe is circumferentially strangulated by human hair or fibers. An 8-week-old little girl was admitted to the Emergency Department because of the worsening swelling in the right second and third toes, which had been been previously treated ...
Carroll Michael Sean MS 1Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of - - 2013
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by life-threatening hypoventilation, possibly resulting from disruption of central chemosensory integration. However, animal models suggest the possibility of residual chemosensory function in the human disease. Cardioventilatory function in a large cohort with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome and verified paired-like homeobox 2B ...
1 2 3 4 >