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Bonaca Marc P MP Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, - - 2014
Acute aortic syndromes constitute a spectrum of conditions characterized by disruptions in the integrity of the aortic wall that may lead to potentially catastrophic outcomes. They include classic aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and penetrating aortic ulcer. Although imaging studies are sensitive and specific, timely diagnosis can be delayed because of ...
Cicero Arrigo F G AF aMedicine and Surgery Department, University of Bologna, Bologna bInternal Medicine and Therapeutics Department, University of Pavia, Pavia, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome is an increasingly incident complex metabolic disorder, affecting around 30% of adults in the USA as well as in Europe. In a meta-analysis that evaluated cardiovascular risk associated with the third National Cholesterol Education Program definition of metabolic syndrome in 951 083 patients, metabolic syndrome was associated with a ...
Valika Ali A AA Advocate Medical Group-Midwest Heart Specialists, Oak Brook, IL, USA, - - 2014
Acute cardiorenal syndrome, also known as cardiorenal syndrome type 1, is defined as an abrupt worsening of cardiac function that occurs in at least 30 % of patients with acute decompensated heart failure and can lead to the development of acute kidney injury. The changes in renal function that occur in ...
Kourouklaris Andreas - - 2014
Differential diagnosis of thrombotic microangiopathies can be difficult. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a rare, life-threatening disease caused by uncontrolled chronic activation of alternative complement pathway, resulting in microvascular thrombosis, organ ischemia and damage. Prognosis is poor: up to 65 percent of patients require dialysis or have kidney damage of ...
Suzuki Daisuke D Department of Pediatrics, Sapporo Hokuyu Hospital, Higashi-Sapporo 6-6, Shiroishiku, Sapporo, 003-0006, Japan, - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological disorder characterized by seizures, altered mental status and visual disorders, along with characteristic radiological findings. It is strongly related to hypertension induced by steroids and other immunosuppressive agents. There are an increasing number of reports regarding PRES arising during the course of ...
Beh Shin C SC Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, - - 2014
Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) is a neurodegenerative syndrome dominated by deterioration of higher visual function (particularly visuospatial and visuoperceptual abilities). It is most commonly due to Alzheimer's disease pathology, but may also be caused by dementia with Lewy bodies, corticobasal degeneration or Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Patients often present to optometrists, ophthalmologists ...
Peker Deniz D Department of Pathology, University of Alabama, 1802 6th Ave South, NP 3552, Birmingham, AL, 35233-7331, USA, - - 2014
Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) have a common origin in prior cytotoxic therapy and/or radiation. These neoplasms include therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS), and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (t-MDS/MPN). Myeloid sarcoma (MS), on the other hand, is a rare disease manifesting as an extramedullary collection of immature cells of myeloid lineage. ...
Ali Naeem - - 2014
Objective: Characterize mandibular morphology in patients with syndromic craniosynostosis and document changes in mandibular position following midfacial advancement using distraction osteogenesis (DO). Design : Retrospective chart review and analysis of cephalometric radiographs. Setting : Tertiary care center. Patients : Patients with syndromic craniosynostosis who had midfacial advancement with DO at ...
Bunting Alexandra C AC Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
We present a case of a 12-year-old male with Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS), a rare life-threatening genetic disorder. Multiple manifestations of LDS were present, including easy bruising, aortic root dilatation, multiple areas of vessel tortuosity, and joint laxity. The patient's medications included a beta-blocker and an angiotensin II receptor antagonist for ...
Canavan C C Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional disorder of the gastrointestinal system affecting a large number of people worldwide. Whilst it has no attributable mortality, it has substantial impact on patients' quality of life (QoL) and is associated with considerable healthcare resource use. To review the economic impact of ...
Kokpol Chayada C Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Asian psoriatic patients compared with that of the general population shows variable results. This study aimed to examine the association between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome in a Thai population. This case-control study included 199 psoriatic patients and 199 controls matched for sex and age ...
Cossellu Gianguido - - 2014
We report here the case of orthodontic nonsurgical treatment in a patient with Binder syndrome. This rare syndrome (<1/10,000) is a deforming alteration of the middle third of the face, also known as maxillonasal dysplasia/dysostosis. The therapeutic approach often undertaken is an orthodontic-surgical protocol, which includes several invasive interventions such ...
Abed Jean - - 2014
Case: A 25-year-old woman with chronic anorexia nervosa and depression presented with sudden weakness and fatigue. Psychosocial history was notable for binge-starve cycles over the past year and a decline in overall well-being. Vitals on presentation were notable for hypothermia, hypotension, and bradycardia. Initial exam was significant for emaciation, lethargy, ...
Srinivasaraghavan Rangan R Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, - - 2014
We describe an 8-year-old girl born to second-degree consanguineous parents with complaints of recurrent episodes of hematuria for 6 months. She had generalized peeling of the skin since birth and recurrent purulent cutaneous infections. The clinical presentation and histopathology of the skin biopsy specimen were consistent with the inflammatory variant of ...
Mete Ural Ulkü U Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University School of Medicine, Rize, - - 2014
Escobar syndrome is characterized with multiple pterygia or webs of the skin and multiple congenital anomalies. We present a 15-year-old patient with Escobar syndrome who complained of persistent blunt abdominal pain for 1 year. Preoperative evaluation confirmed the diagnosis of imperforate hymen, and the patient underwent hymenectomy under intravenous sedation. ...
Zollo L L Laboratory of Biomedical Robotics and Biomicrosystems, Università Campus Bio--Medico, Rome, Italy - l.zollo@unicampus.it - - 2014
Ankle--Foot--Orthoses (AFOs) are frequently prescribed for hemiparetic patients to compensate for the foot drop syndrome. However, there is no a systematic study on the effectiveness of AFOs in the gait recovery process and pointing out the therapeutic differences among the various types of AFOs available on the market. To perform ...
Meers Stef S AZ KLINA, Iridium Cancer Network, - - 2014
Myelodysplastic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of clonal haematological stem cell disorders. Allogeneic stem cells transplantation remains the only curative treatment but only a minority of patients are eligible for this treatment. In spite of this, it has become clear that treatment with lenalidomide and azanucleotides can lead to increased ...
Mousa Albeir Y AY Vascular Center of Excellence, Department of Surgery, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University, Charleston, USA - - 2014
All pathologies of acute aortic syndromes should be precisely diagnosed for prompt therapy. Intramural hematomas, as well as penetrating ulcers can be encountered in these patients. Presentations, clinical scenarios, and proper management are outlined in this review, which sums up available current literature to provide the vascular specialist with an ...
Xie Zhihui Z Laboratory of Allergic Diseases, NIAID/NIH, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
The Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome is a highly rare disorder of unknown etiology. The disease is characterized by episodes of transient vascular collapse, which leads to hypotensive shock and anasarca. Previous treatment of this potentially devastating condition has been largely ineffective. We evaluated IVIG prophylactic therapy in a cohort of ...
Celentano Antonio A Dr. Celentano is a doctoral student, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Via Pansini no. 5, Naples 80131, Italy, e-mail antony.celentano@gmail.com.Address correspondence to Dr. - - 2014
Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) encompasses several rare disorders linked to mutations of the PTEN gene, including Cowden disease (CD) and Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRRS). The authors present a case series involving patients with characteristic periodontal features. The authors assessed three patients, two of whom already had ...
Stokes Michael B MB Department of Pathology, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, - - 2014
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) comprises a group of clinical-pathologic syndromes characterized by heavy proteinuria and segmental obliteration of glomerular capillaries by extracellular matrix. FSGS lesions display morphologic heterogeneity with respect to their relationship to the glomerular vascular and tubular poles, the presence of capillary collapse, and endocapillary and extracapillary hypercellularity. ...
Treadwell Amy A Carolina Veterinary Specialists, Charlotte, NC, - - 2014
To characterize the clinical, diagnostic, and histopathologic findings in dogs with canine ocular gliovascular syndrome (COGS). The archives at the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin (COPLOW) were used to identify eyes with COGS. Histopathological inclusion criteria included: a neovascular membrane extending from the optic nerve head or retina, clusters ...
Yu Siegfried W B SW Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Georgia, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA, - - 2014
Constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) is a commonly prevalent and clinically challenging disorder to treat. Until recently, most therapeutic agents had limited ability to address the complexity of symptoms inherent to the syndrome. The development of linaclotide provides a physiologically sound approach to treatment of the multiple symptoms of IBS-C. ...
Inokuchi Ryosuke R Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kansai Medical - - 2014
A woman in her 40s presented at our department with abdominal fullness. Abdominal computed tomography showed hepatomegaly and ascites, and gastrointestinal endoscopy showed esophageal varices. A diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) was confirmed by percutaneous hepatic venography, which detected obstruction of the main hepatic vein. It was treated using percutaneous ...
Latt N N Northern Sydney Drug and Alcohol Service, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Wernicke encephalopathy is an acute, reversible neuropsychiatric emergency due to thiamine deficiency. Urgent and adequate thiamine replacement is necessary to avoid death or progression to Korsakoff syndrome with largely irreversible brain damage. Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome refers to a condition where features of Wernicke encephalopathy are mixed with those of Korsakoff ...
Czorlich Patrick P Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
This prospective trial was designed to evaluate the incidence of Terson syndrome in patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, or traumatic brain injury and whether consequences necessarily derive from the intraocular hemorrhage itself. Two ophthalmologic examinations were performed to identify patients with Terson syndrome. Data on initial Glasgow Coma ...
Luvira Viravarn V Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok ,10400, - - 2014
Strongyloides stercoralis is one of the common parasites in tropical areas. It can result in severe clinical syndromes, hyperinfection syndrome or disseminated strongyloidiasis in immunocompromised patients. The treatment of strongyloidiasis is a challenge for clinicians in clinical practice. Failure of treatment is due to autoinfection caused by the parasite life ...
Koyfman Anna A Department of Radiology, Meir Medical Center; Kfar Saba, Israel - - - 2014
Crystal deposition in the cervical spine around the odontoid process may lead to acute neck pain. This rare condition is called crowned dens syndrome and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a possible etiology for fever, headache and cervical pain of unknown origin. The syndrome is often overlooked, ...
Kurz Carolin - - 2014
Clinical complications of Sjoegren's syndrome include myelitis and skin manifestations. There is scarce observational data and a lack of randomised controlled studies regarding the treatment of Sjoegren's syndrome in the presence of such complications. Here we report the case of a 41-year-old Caucasian female patient with biopsy-proven Sjoegren's syndrome who ...
Vergano Samantha S - - 2014
Coffin-Siris syndrome (OMIM#135900) is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome classically characterized by hypo- or aplasia of the fifth digit nails or phalanges, as well as coarse facial features, sparse scalp hair, and moderate to severe cognitive and/or developmental delay. The recent identification of molecular etiologies has served to effectively characterize ...
Cardinale Luciano L Luciano Cardinale, Francesco Asteggiano, Federica Moretti, Federico Torre, Institute of Radiology, Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, AOU S.Luigi Gonzaga, 10043 Orbassano, Torino, - - 2014
In acute promyelocytic leukemia, differentiation therapy based on all-trans-retinoic acid can be complicated by the development of a differentiation syndrome (DS). DS is a life-threatening complication, characterized by respiratory distress, unexplained fever, weight gain, interstitial lung infiltrates, pleural or pericardial effusions, hypotension and acute renal failure. The diagnosis of DS ...
Slim Raoudha R Département de Pharmacologie Clinique, Faculté de Médecine de Sousse, Avenue Mohamed Karoui, 4002 Sousse (Tunisia). - - 2014
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an uncommon life-threatening skin disease, generally induced by drugs. Extracutaneous manifestations of the syndrome can occur, and may involve the conjunctiva, buccal mucosa, gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts. Cholestatic hepatitis has been rarely described in SJS. A 29-year-old woman was admitted with generalized cutaneous eruption. A self-medication ...
Vendramin Andreja A Poison Control Centre, Division of Internal Medicine, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Zaloška cesta 7, Slovenia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A. muscaria contains more excitatory ibotenic acid and less depressant muscimol compared to A. pantherina. In this study A. muscaria poisoned patients were more often confused (26/32, p=0.01) and agitated (20/32, p=0.03) compared to those poisoned with A. pantherina (8/17 and 5/17). Patients poisoned with A. pantherina were more commonly ...
Grigoriou Emmanouil E Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, - - 2014
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is the most common of several types of dysautonomia, characterized by dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system manifesting with symptoms of orthostatic intolerance with or without associated orthostatic hypotension and excessive autonomic excitation. Given the numerous presenting musculoskeletal symptoms of POTS and its known associations ...
Arca Marc M Service d'Hématologie Pédiatrique, Caen, - - 2014
Reactive haemophagocytic syndrome is a life-threatening disease for which factors influencing the outcome remain unclear. We sought to identify determinants of early mortality in patients with reactive haemophagocytic syndrome by conducting a non-interventional retrospective multicentre study in three tertiary care teaching hospitals over a 6-year period. The medical files of ...
Liu Huixin H Medical Center of the Graduate School, Nanchang University , Nanchang , P.R. China - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the efficacy of thyroid hormone replacement therapy for nephrotic syndrome (NS) patients associated with euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS). Materials and methods: The Cochrane library, ISI, Ovid, PubMed, Chinese Biomedicine Database were searched, and reference list of relevant articles were selected. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs ...
Malheiro Luís - - 2014
Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis is an opportunistic infection that predominantly affects immunocompromised patients. Hyper immunoglobulin M syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency syndrome that increases susceptibility to several opportunistic infections. Here, we report a case of cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in the context of hyper immunoglobulin M syndrome, a situation that has been reported very ...
Burrus M Tyrrell MT Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, - - 2014
Chronic leg pain is commonly treated by orthopaedic surgeons who take care of athletes. The sources are varied and include the more commonly encountered medial tibial stress syndrome, chronic exertional compartment syndrome, stress fracture, popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, nerve entrapment, Achilles tightness, deep vein thrombosis, and complex regional pain syndrome. ...
Caso Francesco F Research Center of Systemic Autoinflammatory Diseases and Behçet's Disease Clinic, Department of Medical Sciences, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy; Rheumatology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2014
Blau syndrome (BS) and early onset sarcoidosis (EOS) are, respectively, the familial and sporadic forms of the pediatric granulomatous autoinflammatory disease, which belong to the group of monogenic autoinflammatory syndromes. Both of these conditions are caused by mutations in the NOD2 gene, which encodes the cytosolic NOD2 protein, one of ...
Agarwal Sikha S 1 Department of Pediatrics, 2 Department of Cytology and Gynaecologic Pathology, Advanced Pediatric Center, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
We report a case of mediastinal mass caused by a fungal infection in an immunocompetent child. The patient presented with superior mediastinal syndrome along with a swelling in the chest wall. Cytology and culture demonstrated Aspergillus flavus. The child was treated with voriconazole which resulted in clinical response.
Morice Alyn H AH Centre for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, Respiratory Medicine, Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, Cottingham, UK - - 2014
In 2011, a European Respiratory Society Task Force embarked on a process to determine the position and clinical relevance of the cough hypersensitivity syndrome, a disorder characterised by troublesome coughing often triggered by low levels of thermal, mechanical or chemical exposure, in the management of patients with chronic cough. A ...
Incebiyik A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University , Sanliurfa , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between premenstrual syndrome and oxidative stress, visfatin and apelin. The study included 40 women with premenstrual syndrome and 40 healthy women. In all subjects, serum visfatin, apelin and oxidative stress parameters were studied in venous blood samples. ...
Xu Bin B Department of Gynecology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Hunan Province, - - 2014
To demonstrate a technique for the hysteroscopic diagnosis and management of a rare variant of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWWS) in a virgin girl. Presentation of a rare variant of HWWS, and a step-by-step description of the technique using videos, pictures, and title slides (educative video). HWWS is a congenital anomaly of ...
Nash Robert R Department of Paediatric Otolaryngology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London WC1N 3JH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Down's syndrome is associated with poor Eustachian tube function, and an increased incidence of cholesteatoma. The only previously published case series suggests that 'canal wall preserving' procedures are only rarely suitable for the management of cholesteatoma in this population. We conducted a retrospective review of the hospital's clinical records database ...
Vierkoetter Koah R KR Department of Pathology, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with Lynch Syndrome are at an increased risk for a variety of malignancies, including ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancers associated with Lynch Syndrome are predominantly clear cell or endometrioid in histology. Lynch Syndrome is characterized by germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. The current study aims to assess the ...
Chang Yongmin Y Department of Molecular Medicine, Kyungpook National University and Hospital, Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether or not restless legs syndrome (RLS) is associated with any morphological change in gray matter. Forty-six RLS subjects and 46 controls were enrolled. We performed voxel-based morphometry analysis and compared the results of the two groups. The RLS subjects showed significant ...
Mueller S C SC Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite increasing acknowledgement of hormonal contributions to mood and anxiety disorders, the underlying mechanisms by which gonadal hormones influence psychopathology-related behaviours remain unknown. This review focuses on recent research that examines the influence of gonadal steroid hormones, including androgens, oestrogens, and progesterone, on mood and anxiety-related behaviours in human health ...
Christakou Charikleia C Third Department of Medicine, Endocrine Unit, Medical School, University of Athens, Sotiria General Hospital , Athens , - - 2014
Abstract Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous spectrum of symptoms lasting throughout the lifecycle. The syndrome combines reproductive as well as metabolic aberrations associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The presence of three different definitions for the diagnosis of PCOS reflects the phenotypic diversity of the syndrome. The clinical manifestations ...
Blazquez Anna A Clinica EUGIN, Travessera de les Corts 322, Barcelona 08029, - - 2014
Is the drug used for final oocyte maturation a factor in determining the prevalence of empty follicle syndrome (EFS)? The drug used for final oocyte maturation is not a factor in determining the prevalence of EFS among women unaffected by infertility. Despite satisfactory follicular stimulation and adequate follicular development, cases ...
Landero James J Abilene, - - 2014
The postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome is a disease characterized by excessively increased heart rate during orthostatic challenge associated with symptoms of orthostatic intolerance including dizziness, exercise intolerance, headache, fatigue, memory problems, nausea, blurred vision, pallor, and sweating, which improve with recumbence. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome patients may present with a ...
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