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Mueller S C SC Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite increasing acknowledgement of hormonal contributions to mood and anxiety disorders, the underlying mechanisms by which gonadal hormones influence psychopathology-related behaviours remain unknown. This review focuses on recent research that examines the influence of gonadal steroid hormones, including androgens, oestrogens, and progesterone, on mood and anxiety-related behaviours in human health ...
Helvaci N N Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hacettepe, 06100, Ankara, Turkey - - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder of women of reproductive age and combined oral contraceptives (OCs) are often the first---line treatment of the syndrome by improving hyperandrogenism and regulating menstrual cycles. Oral contraceptives have some cardiovascular and metabolic effects that varies among different formulations depending upon ...
Targher Giovanni G Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University and Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata of Verona, Verona, - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common form of anovulatory infertility, affecting up to 10% of women of reproductive age. This syndrome was first described in 1935 when American gynecologists Stein and Leventhal associated the presence of ovarian cysts with anovulation, obesity, and hirsutism. For many years, the effects ...
Parker Kristen K Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada. - - 2014
A 2 yr old spayed female dog presented for evaluation of abdominal pain, decreased appetite, dysuria, and frantic licking of her vulva. A midventral, soft, fluctuant mass was detected on abdominal palpation. Diagnostic testing and exploratory celiotomy revealed remnant ovarian tissue and a cystic uterine remnant. The ovary and cystic ...
Fallon Michael J MJ Department of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics F6/133, Madison, WI, USA - - 2014
Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis overlap is an acute hypersensitivity reaction that compromises the integrity of mucous membranes and cutaneous tissue. While the pathophysiology of this syndrome has not been fully elucidated, it is commonly associated with the medication use and carries a significant mortality risk of approximately 30%. No commonalities ...
Cazorla Arnault A Department of Pathology, CHU de Besançon, Besancon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hormonal factors, like oral contraceptives, create a predisposition to hepatocellular adenoma. We present the case of a young woman with an inflammatory hepatocellular adenoma occurring in the context of a polycystic ovary syndrome. In view of this possible relationship, it would be recommended to follow up patients with hyperandrogenism with ...
Halupczok Jowita J Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Isotope Therapy, Wroclaw Medical University , Wroclaw , Poland - - 2014
ABSTRACT Introduction: Gonadotroph adenomas occur commonly in middle-aged adults without any specific endocrinological symptoms. To date, only 30 cases of gonadotropinoma causing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in pre-menopausal women have been reported. Case report: A 37-year old woman with pituitary macroadenoma and hyperprolactinaemia was admitted to the Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology ...
Unfer Vittorio V A.G.UN.CO. Obstetric and Gynecological Centre, via G. Cassiani 15, 00155 Rome, - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting women of reproductive age. It is characterized by chronic anovulation, hyperandrogenism, and insulin resistance. It is the main cause of infertility due to the menstrual dysfunction and metabolic disorders. Women with PCOS also have an increased cardiovascular ...
Moschos Elysia E University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Division of Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dallas, - - 2014
To determine the accuracy of sonographic-diagnosed polycystic ovaries and clinical parameters in predicting polycystic ovarian syndrome. Medical records and ultrasounds of 151 women with sonographically diagnosed polycystic ovaries were reviewed. Sonographic criteria for polycystic ovaries were based on 2003 Rotterdam European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology/American Society for Reproductive ...
Halis Hülya - - 2014
Abstract The activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis observed during the first month of life is thought to be a significant phase in the maturation of gonads and potentially be important for the development of reproductive functions. The preterm ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (POHS) was first detected at postconception 36-39 weeks in ...
Conway Gerard S GS G Conway, University College London Hospitals, Department of Endocrinology, London, NW1 2PQ, United - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common ovarian disorder associated with androgen excess in women, which justifies the growing interest of endocrinologists. Great efforts have been made in the last two decades to define the syndrome. The presence of three different definitions for the diagnosis of PCOS reflects the ...
Setji Tracy L TL Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Duke University Medical Center. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome is now a well-recognized condition affecting 6-25% of reproductive aged women, depending on the definition. Over the past 3 decades, research has launched it from relative medical obscurity to a condition increasingly recognized as common in internal medicine practices. It affects multiple systems, and requires a comprehensive ...
Kundu Kuhali K Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report a case of acute abdomen secondary to torsion of uterine remnant leiomyoma and ipsilateral adnexa in a woman with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and known history of bilateral uterine remnant leiomyomas. Case report. Tertiary care center. A 40-year-old nulligravid woman with MRKH syndrome and a known history of bilateral ...
Song Dongmei D Department of Hysteroscopic Center, Fuxing Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Department of Reproductive Medicine & Surgery, Jessop Wing, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, University of Sheffield, - - 2014
To compare the outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in women who had Asherman's syndrome following uterine artery embolization (UAE) with those who had Asherman's syndrome due to surgical trauma. Retrospective cohort study matched for age and intra-uterine adhesion score. Classification: II-2. Tertiary hysteroscopic centre in a teaching hospital. Patient(s): 19 women ...
Shabir Iram I PhD Scholar, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most complex and common endocrine disorder of women in reproductive years. In addition to irregular menstrual cycles, chronic anovulation and hyperandrogenism, it has many metabolic manifestations such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, dysglycemia, increased risk of cardiovascular disease or possibly endometrial cancer. Familial ...
Goossens Ellen E Research group biology of testis, department of embryology and genetics, Vrije universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Male fertility preservation receives growing attention in the field of reproductive medicine. The first clinical programs were established to preserve reproductive potential in men needing gonadotoxic treatment. Sperm cryopreservation is now a standard procedure. Since a few years, several centres offer testicular tissue cryopreservation to prepubertal boys. This method is ...
Plotton Ingrid I Service de médecine de la reproduction, hôpital Femme-Mère-Enfant, France; Laboratoire d'endocrinologie moléculaire et maladies rares, centre de biologie et de pathologie Est, hospices civils de Lyon, groupement hospitalier Est, 59, boulevard Pinel, 69677 Bron cedex, France; Université Claude-Bernard - Lyon 1, 8, avenue Rockfeller, 69008 Lyon, France; Inserm U 846, 18, rue du Doyen-Lepine, 69500 Bron, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Until few years ago, Klinefelter syndrome with a homogenous 47,XXY karyotype was considered a model of absolute male sterility. We will discuss first the potential fertility following Testicular Sperm Injection, then the physiopathology of spermatogenic failure and the origin of focal spermatogenesis and risk of aneuploidy in offspring, and third ...
Roland Alison V AV Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy with elusive origins. A clinically heterogeneous disorder, PCOS is likely to have multiple etiologies comprised of both genetic and environmental factors. Reproductive neuroendocrine dysfunction involving increased frequency and amplitude of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release, as reflected by pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion, ...
Chen Hua H Reproductive Medicine Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of WenZhou Medical University , WenZhou , - - 2014
Abstract In ovarian stimulation, a 31-year-old woman with polycystic ovary syndrome was at the risk of developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, follicle aspiration was performed, and eight immature oocytes were collected from follicle fluids. After 28 h in vitro culture, six of them reached MII and were vitrified. The patient failed to ...
Lian Fang F Integrative Medicine Research Centre of Reproduction and Heredity, the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, 250014, China, - - 2014
To observe the effects of Liuwei Dihuang Granule (, LDG) for tonifying Kidney (Shen) on the outcomes of in vitro fertilization pre-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) of infertility women with Kidneyyin deficiency syndrome and to explore its mechanism by detecting the proteome expression in the follicular fluid. Sixty-six infertility patients of Kidney-yin ...
Devlin Robert B RB Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC - - 2014
Background: Many studies have reported associations between air pollution particles with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microns (fine PM) and adverse cardiovascular effects. However there is increased concern that so-called ultrafine PM which comprises the smallest fraction of fine PM (aerodynamic diameter less than 0.1 micron) may be disproportionately ...
Shah K N KN Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome is characterized by hyperandrogenemia, hyperinsulinemia and/or abnormal ovulation, which are the 3 main consequences of polycystic ovary syndrome. The occurrence of polycystic ovary syndrome is higher and 1 out of 45 women gets affected by this disorder. The pathophysiology of polycystic ovary syndrome is very unique, and ...
Erlinger Serge S Honorary Professor of Medicine, University of Paris 7, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inherited disorders of bilirubin metabolism might reduce bilirubin uptake by hepatocytes, bilirubin conjugation, or secretion of bilirubin into bile. Reductions in uptake could increase levels of unconjugated or conjugated bilirubin (Rotor syndrome). Defects in bilirubin conjugation could increase levels of unconjugated bilirubin-the effects can be benign and frequent (Gilbert syndrome) ...
Guler Ismail I Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, 06500 Besevler, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
In this study, our objective was to evaluating the value of serum zinc levels as an etiologic and prognostic marker in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome. We conducted a prospective study, including 53 women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and 33 healthy controls. We compared serum zinc levels, as well as ...
Lueth Erin T ET University of Colorado, Denver, - - 2014
McKusick Kaufman Syndrome (MKS), a rare genetic condition, presents in the neonatal period with a classic triad of postaxial polydactyly, congenital heart disease, and hydrometrocolpos. The diagnosis is typically clinical, based on the presence of polydactyly and hydrometrocolpos. We report the case of a 13-year-old female, who was diagnosed with ...
Ben-Shlomo Izhar I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baruch Padeh Medical Center, Poria, Tiberias, Israel; Zefat Academic College, Safed, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the leading cause for anovulatory infertility. It is diagnosed by two of the following three clinical criteria: oligomenorrhoea, hyperandrogenism and polycystic appearance of the ovaries. Weight loss and physical activity can lead to ovulation and conception. Lowering of serum insulin normalizes androgen concentrations whereas ovulation ...
Kwon Su-Kyoung SK Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate the causes of amenorrhea in Korean women. Medical records from 1,212 women with amenorrhea who visited the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asan Medical Center, between January 1989 and December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Amenorrhea was categorized as either primary or secondary. Primary amenorrhea was identified in 132 ...
Sasamoto Naoko - - 2014
Women with Turner's syndrome exhibit anovulation, and the majority do not spontaneously menstruate. We present an unusual case of endometrial adenocarcinoma developing in a Turner's syndrome patient who was exhibiting spontaneous menstruation while not receiving regular hormone therapy. The patient's karyotype from blood lymphocytes was a mosaic of 45,XO/ 46,XX. ...
Ramezani Tehrani Fahimeh - - 2014
We aimed to explore the effect of lactation on development of metabolic syndrome in a prospective population-based study. From among 4028 female participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, aged 15–50 years, without metabolic syndrome at the initiation of the study, 925 women were randomly selected to fill out ...
Oguma Tomoko T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fuchu Hospital, Izumi, Osaka, - - 2014
Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome secondary to uterine leiomyoma is a rare entity. A 50-year-old Japanese woman presented with a 3-month history of shortness of breath. Chest X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging revealed massive right pleural effusion, ascites and a large subserosal uterine myoma. She underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. ...
Chin Vivian V Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
To describe gonadal dysfunction and evaluate polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its association with metabolic syndrome (MeS) among girls in a morbidly obese adolescent population. In a cross-sectional study of 174 girls, height, weight, waist circumference, Tanner stage, reproductive hormones, carbohydrate and lipid markers, drug use, and menstrual history were ...
Sukhudyan Biayna G BG "Arabkir" Medical Complex and Institute for Child and Adolescent Health, Chair of Pediatrics #1, Yerevan State Medical University, Yerevan, - - 2014
West syndrome is an age-dependent epileptic encephalopathy. Despite potential side effects, hormonal therapy remains the main treatment for West syndrome. Here, we report on 10 patients receiving steroid treatment who presented with unusual, mostly hyperkinetic, movements. Facial grimacing, repetitive mouth opening, adduction and abduction of upper and lower extremities, and ...
Floquet Anne A Institut Bergonié, département d'oncologie médicale, 229, cours de l'Argonne, 33076 Bordeaux cedex, - - 2014
Hereditary ovarian cancers account for 10% of all cases. Two major syndromes with dominant autosomal transmission are identified. The most common one is breast-ovarian cancer syndrome due to BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes mutations, and the Lynch syndrome with mutated MMR genes is the other. Alterations in homologous recombination specifically observed ...
Caserta Donatella D Department of Gynecological, Obstetrics and Urological Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Sant'Andrea Hospital , Rome , - - 2014
Abstract Metabolic syndrome is an increasing pathology in adults and in children, due to a parallel rise of obesity. Sedentary lifestyle, food habits, cultural influences and also a genetic predisposition can cause dyslipidemia, hypertension, abdominal obesity and insulin resistance which are the two main features of metabolic syndrome. Polycystic ovary ...
Papoutsis Dimitrios D Minimally Invasive Therapy Unit and Endoscopy Training Centre, University Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Royal Free Hospital, London, - - 2014
Aims: To present a study on severe Asherman's syndrome after open myomectomy and investigate the possible reasons for this outcome. Methods: This study involves a rare case of a 38-year-old nulliparous woman who underwent a relatively minor and straightforward open myomectomy in a university hospital setting, during which the uterine ...
Hurst Bradley S BS Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Dickson Advanced Analytics, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North - - 2014
To determine how often women with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome experience obstetric and gynecologic issues both compared with the general population and within the three most common subtypes of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. An anonymous, prospective, online questionnaire in English was posted to the Ehlers-Danlos National Foundation web site (http://ednf.org). Of the 1,769 of ...
Warner Ben B Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, London, - - 2014
We present here a case of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS), which is an under-recognised disorder presenting in chronic abusers of cannabis typically as cyclical vomiting relieved by frequent hot baths. Increased awareness of CHS allows for earlier recognition by emergency departments, leading to prompter treatment and the prevention of future ...
Katulski K K Department of Gynecological Endocrinology - - 2014
Abstract Adrenal diseases in pregnant women are diagnosed relatively rarely. The main cause of hypercortisolemia during pregnancy is Cushing's syndrome related to adrenal adenoma. It is important to diagnose Cushing's syndrome in pregnant women because it can lead to significant maternal and foetal complications and morbidity. However, due to physiological ...
Piccin Andrea A Haematology Department, San Maurizio Regional Hospital , Bolzano, South Tyrol , Italy - - 2014
Abstract We report on the case of a young woman with a diagnosis of amyloidosis who developed severe portal and splenic venous thrombosis shortly after hormonal follicle stimulation therapy for oocyte preservation. The clinical implications are discussed.
Brzana Jessica J Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Portland, OR, - - 2014
To retrospectively review institutional records of female patients of reproductive age with Cushing's disease (CD) and determine if and how many had been previously diagnosed as having solely polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). To determine whether clinical patterns might be useful in identifying appropriate candidates for hypercortisolism screening in women suspected ...
Barthelmess Erin K EK Reproductive Immunology and Molecular Biology Lab, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, Morgantown, WV - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a widespread reproductive disorder that encompasses many associated health conditions and has an impact on various metabolic processes. PCOS is depicted by hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries, and anovulation. It increases the risk of insulin resistance (IR), type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. The etiology of ...
Roth Lauren W LW Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado 80045, USA. - - 2014
Blepharophimosis, ptosis, epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) type I is a rare disorder that causes a recognizable pattern of eye abnormalities and is associated with premature ovarian insufficiency. There is no data to guide the treatment of these patients when presenting with infertility. A 30-year-old, nulligravid woman with premature ovarian insufficiency ...
Cho S J SJ Institute for Digestive Research, Digestive Disease Center, Soonchunhyang University - - 2014
Pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) presents with a non-cyclic pelvic pain lasting more than six months in duration in premenopausal women. Pelvic ultrasonography or computed tomography is usually the first imaging modality used to evaluate patients with suspected PCS. PCS is confirmed by visible congestion of the pelvic veins on selective ...
Walzem Rosemary L RL Poultry Science Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, - - 2014
Follicle wall rupture and ovum release, i.e., ovulation, has been described as a controlled inflammatory event. The process involves tissue remodeling achieved through leukocyte-mediated proteolysis. In birds, ovulation is the first step in the energy-intensive process of egg formation, yet hens that consume energy in excess of productive requirements experience ...
Namiki Takao T Department of Japanese-Oriental (Kampo) Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba 260-8670, - - 2014
Keishibukuryogan (KBG; Guizhi-Fuling-Wan in Chinese) is one of the Kampo (Japanese traditional) medicines used to treat patients with climacteric syndrome. KBG can be used by patients who cannot undergo hormone replacement therapy due to a history of breast cancer. We evaluated whether cytosine-adenine (CA) repeat polymorphism of the estrogen receptor ...
Caserta D - - 2014
The standard treatment for complex atypical hyperplasia is hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Although radical surgery offers high survival prospects, it also eliminates any chance of further fertility, thus in young nulliparous women who wish to preserve their childbearing potential, a conservative progestin therapy is preferable. The authors report a case ...
Gîngu Constantin C Center of Urologic Surgery, Dialysis and Renal Transplantation, "Fundeni" Clinical Institute, Bucharest, Romania; - - 2014
Introduction and Objectives: Testicular feminization is the syndrome when a male, genetically XY, because of various abnormalities of the X chromosome, is resistant to the actions of the androgen hormones, which in turn stops the forming of the male genitalia and gives a female phenotype. The androgen insensitivity syndrome occurs ...
Kolesnikova L I LI Scientific Center for Problems of Family Health and Human Reproduction, Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Irkutsk, - - 2014
LPO processes and blood antioxidant status were studied in reproductive-age women with the hypothalamic syndrome. The control group consisted of somatically healthy women without reproductive disorders. Female patients with the hypothalamic syndrome were characterized by an imbalance in the LPO-antioxidant defense system, which aggravated the course of the underlying disease.
Karaer K - - 2014
Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type I [OMIM #190350] is an autosomal dominant disorder. Common features are: Slowly growing sparse hair, laterally thin eyebrows, bulbous tip of the nose, long philtrum, thin upper lip, protruding ears. Common skeletal anomalies include shortening of phalanges and metacarpals causing mild to severe brachydactyly, cone shaped epiphyses, ...
Saleem Muhammad M Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Children's Hospital and the Institute of Child Health Lahore, - - 2014
Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome (MRKHS) is characterized by various abnormalities of paramesonephric duct structures; vaginal aplasia being the commonest anomaly in the spectrum. We report a 17-year-old girl; a case of MRKHS with vaginal agenesis. The cervix was present but atretic; uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries were normal. There were no associated ...
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