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Cohen Ronny - - 2008
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome was originally described as being secondary to an infection. Currently, it is almost exclusively secondary to malignancy. A case of SVC syndrome presenting with dyspnea, facial swelling, neck distension and cough developed over a period of 10 days is reported. The approach included imaging studies ...
de Almeida Sérgio Monteiro - - 2007
Meningitis is the main infectious central nervous system (CNS) syndrome. Viruses or bacteria can cause acute meningitis of infectious etiology. The term "Aseptic Meningitis" denotes a clinical syndrome with a predominance of lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), with no common bacterial agents identified in the CSF. Viral meningitis is ...
Thacker Anup
Kleine Levin syndrome is a rare syndrome that involves hypersomnolence, megaphagia and psychiatric disturbances of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. A 16-year-old male with tuberculous meningitis developed hypersomnia and megaphagia with cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showing increased T2 hyperintensity in the cerebral peduncles and left occipital cortex. Antitubercular therapy led ...
Belorgey Laura - - 2006
The clinical syndrome of tuberculous (TB) meningitis leading to ischemic strokes is rarely seen today in immunocompetent adults native to North America. This entity is also notoriously difficult to diagnose because the presenting symptoms are often nonspecific. The authors describe a case of a man with TB meningitis which progressed ...
Czartoski T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Parainfectious vascular events are a known complication of bacterial meningitis, typically occurring within two weeks of disease onset. Delayed vascular complications are rare. We present a case of progressive vasculopathy following bacterial meningitis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 20 year old woman developed progressive vasculopathy after successful treatment of pneumococcal meningitis. ...
Vardar Gönül - - 2005
The chemotactic responses of Pseudomonas putida F1, Burkholderia cepacia G4, and Pseudomonas stutzeri OX1 were investigated toward toluene, trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene (PCE), cis-1,2-dichloroethylene (cis-DCE), trans-1,2-dichloroethylene (trans-DCE), 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE), and vinyl chloride (VC). P. stutzeri OX1 and P. putida F1 were chemotactic toward toluene, PCE, TCE, all DCEs, and VC. B. ...
de León Deogenes G - - 2004
This is a patient who presented as a fever of unknown origin (FUO) due to sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome. In favor of sarcoidosis was an elevated angiotensin-converting enzyme level, hypercalciuria, and bilateral hilar adenopathy on chest x-ray and chest CT. CT-guided biopsy of a hilar node revealed B-cell lymphoma. The differential diagnosis ...
Wysoczanska Barbara - - 2004
In the present study, short tandem repeats (STR) polymorphism within the first intron of IFN-gamma gene in connection with HLA-DRB1*03 specificities was analysed in 43 sarcoidosis patients, 14 of which presented with Löfgren's syndrome (LS). Four out of 5 known IFN-gamma alleles with 12-15 CA repeats, respectively were detected in ...
Pathan N - - 2003
Neisseria meningitidis is remarkable for the diversity of interactions that the bacterium has with the human host, ranging from asymptomatic nasopharyngeal colonisation affecting virtually all members of the population; through focal infections of the meninges, joints, or eye; to the devastating and often fatal syndrome of meningococcal septic shock and ...
Zarei M, Anderson JR, ...
We describe a 63-year-old Afro-Caribbean female who presented with complete ophthalmoplegia of the right eye. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass in the cavernous sinus, which was pathologically confirmed as due to sarcoidosis. No clinical or laboratory evidence of sarcoidosis was found in any other organs. We believe this is ...
Jain Kantilal - - 2002
Giant retinal tear is seen in association with Stickler's syndrome, Marfan syndrome, homocystinurea and after ocular trauma. Although bacterial meningitis(1) is not common since the advent of various antibiotics, meningococcus is the second most common cause of bacterial meningitis. Endogenous endophthalmitis(2) remains a challenge to clinicians despite the success of ...
Zarei M - - 2002
We describe a 63-year-old Afro-Caribbean female who presented with complete ophthalmoplegia of the right eye. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass in the cavernous sinus, which was pathologically confirmed as due to sarcoidosis. No clinical or laboratory evidence of sarcoidosis was found in any other organs. We believe this is ...
Bogunia-Kubik K - - 2001
Determination of DRB1 and DRB3 specificities in sarcoidosis patients identified that the presence of DRB1*03 and the absence of DRB1*11 and/or DRB1*12 favors a course of disease that is associated positively with Löfgren's syndrome (DRB1*03) and negatively with stage I disease (DRB1*11 and/or 12). In common with normal controls, DRB1*03 ...
Hasbun R - - 2000
The aseptic meningitis syndrome (AMS) is as a diagnostic and management challenge. Since the initial description of AMS in 1925, the differential diagnosis of infectious and noninfectious agents associated with this syndrome has progressed. Although most cases of aseptic meningitis have a benign outcome, several etiologies require urgent therapy if ...
Coyle P K - - 1999
Meningitis can be subdivided based on time course of onset and duration, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profile, and underlying origins into acute aseptic and septic meningitis, recurrent meningitis, and chronic meningitis. These are distinct syndromes that require different management strategies. Most cases of meningitis are caused by infection. The causal agent ...
Jones R E - - 1999
The local inflammatory response in sarcoidosis appears to be a Th1-mediated process. Evidence exists that the systemic immune response, however, shows a Th2 predominance. Mycobacteria species, particularly cell wall-deficient forms, continue to be candidates for an infectious cause of the disease. Evidence for a possible role for human herpesvirus 8 ...
Sack K E - - 1998
The clinical manifestations of Sjõgren's syndrome (SS) and sarcoidosis can be identical. Of the 1600 patients whom we have evaluated for dryness of the mouth and eyes, 300 proved to have SS and 5 had sarcoidosis. The patients with sarcoidosis had combinations of salivary gland enlargement, elevated antinuclear antibody titers, ...
Watson J P - - 1996
We present a case of Schmidt's syndrome (autoimmune Addison's disease and hypothyroidism) associated with sarcoidosis. There have been only four previous reports of Schmidt's syndrome with sarcoidosis, and a possible fifth with negative autoantibodies. We have been able to find only four other reports of adrenal failure (without hypothyroidism) in ...
Cooper A B - - 1996
PURPOSE: To describe a rare adverse outcome resulting from lumbar epidural steroid injections for the treatment of chronic lower back pain. CLINICAL FEATURES: We report a case of staphylococcus aureus meningitis and cauda equina syndrome following a series of epidural steroid injections for chronic back pain. Although rare, bacterial meningitis ...
Kischka U - - 1996
Following an extended infarction in the territory of the left anterior cerebral artery including the anterior corpus callosum, a 66-year-old right-handed man exhibited an alien hand syndrome on the right side and an ideomotor apraxia of the left hand. In addition to other typical symptoms of frontal lobe lesions, he ...
Hosoya N - - 1995
A 56-year-old woman with overlap syndrome of progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS), Sjogren's syndrome, and polymyositis is reported. She developed complete atrioventricular (AV) block and progressive bilateral hilar adenopathy, and was diagnosed as having sarcoidosis by histological examination of the hilar lymph nodes biopsied thoracoscopically. Although coexistence of one or two ...
Garty B Z - - 1995
A 13-year-old boy with hyperimmunoglobulin E (hyper-IgE) syndrome presented with headache, blurred vision, photophobia and bilateral papilledema due to cryptococcal meningitis. Treatment with amphotericin B, and S-fluorocytosine for several weeks and repeated lumbar punctures did not reduce the intracranial pressure, and a myeloperitoneal shunt was performed. The child was maintained ...
Nelsen S - - 1993
The diagnosis and treatment of acute meningitis is a challenge for the primary care physician. Differentiating between bacterial meningitis and aseptic meningitis is not always straightforward. The aseptic meningitis syndrome is usually viral in origin, and enteroviruses account for most cases. The aseptic syndrome also may be caused by unusual ...
Carmel P W - - 1993
The syndrome of aseptic meningitis is characterized by spiking fever and meningismus. CSF analysis generally shows increased pleocytosis, hypoglycorrhachia, elevated protein and negative cultures. In an earlier series, 70% of children with posterior fossa operations developed the syndrome. In a new review the incidence was slightly more than 30%. The ...
Bhattacharyya P C - - 1993
A case of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome with characteristic vesicles on the lateral aspect of the left pinna, evidence of infranuclear palsy of the left 7th cranial nerve, associated with same sided loss of taste sensation in the presulcal area of the tongue and perceptive deafness without vestibular disturbances is reported ...
Ngô Y - - 1992
In a Caucasian woman with a history of ocular and pulmonary sarcoidosis, the occurrence of sclerosing peritonitis with exudative ascites but without any of the well-known causes of this syndrome prompts us to consider that sclerosing peritonitis is a manifestation of sarcoidosis. The dramatic improvement that occurred on corticosteroid therapy ...
Hutchinson D O - - 1991
Twenty-six patients with cryptococcal meningitis were seen in Auckland between 1969 and 1989. The incidence of cryptococcal meningitis in Auckland residents was 0.12 cases/100,000/year. Ten (38%) of the patients were Maori or Pacific Island Polynesians. Nineteen (73%) had a predisposing cause, including immunosuppressive therapy in nine and the acquired immunodeficiency ...
Peacock J E JE - - 1990
Persistent neutrophilic meningitis is an unusual but distinct clinical variant of chronic meningitis characterized by CSF neutrophilia with hypoglycorrhachia which persists for more than 1 week on serial CSF studies. Documented etiologies include selected bacteria and higher bacteria such as Brucella, Nocardia and Actinomyces as well as "opportunistic" fungi such ...
Strother R T - - 1989
The clinician needs to rehabilitate the patient with the patellofemoral syndrome based on biomechanics and anatomy. If we understand the function of the patella and the forces acting upon it, we can educate our patients to ensure their compliance through both the treatment phase and future maintenance.
Martinot A - - 1989
We report the first case of Haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS) associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis. This supports a common pathogenic mechanism in HUS following infections by neuraminidase-producing organisms and in pneumococcal meningitis. We recommend that HUS must be considered in cases of renal failure and/or anaemia associated with pneumococcal meningitis, and ...
Julsrud M - - 1989
Sarcoidosis has been described as a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology that usually affects young adults. It can affect the foot and ankle. When erythema nodosum is present, the sarcoidosis usually is characterized by bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, uveitis, fever, arthralgia, or arthritis. This symptom complex is referred to as ...
Emejuru O - - 1988
The mortality and morbidity of salmonella meningitis in infancy is high. For infants and especially those younger than 6 months of age with salmonellosis, close observation is needed because of increased incidence of salmonella meningitis. A minimum duration of five weeks of susceptible antibiotic therapy may be indicated to prevent ...
Bach M C - - 1987
A previously healthy man developed a progressive neurologic illness characterized by an "aseptic meningitis syndrome," progressive hypoglycorrhachia, and severe brain-stem dysfunction. Initial dramatic response to antituberculosis therapy supported the diagnosis of tuberculous basilar meningitis; however, Listeria monocytogenes eventually grew in a blood culture, and the patient recovered following intravenous ampicillin ...
Young R C RC - - 1986
About 80 percent of sarcoidosis cases are benign and do not require treatment, but 20 percent will have chronic unremitting disease for which therapy is essential. It is important that the physician identify this group and begin therapy promptly. If the disease is active, treat. If it is inactive, do ...
Peter S A - - 1986
Giant splenomegaly in an otherwise asymptomatic 28-year-old black man with sarcoidosis is described. Splenomegaly resolved after only 10 weeks of prednisone therapy.
Stone R W - - 1985
Sarcoidosis is a recently identified cause of functional asplenia that can be diagnosed by radionuclide imaging. A 31-year-old woman with a five-year history of histologically compatible sarcoidosis was found to have nonvisualization of the spleen on technetium 99m sulfur colloid (radiopharmaceutical) liver-spleen scan. This scintigraphic finding was accompanied by poikilocytosis ...
Franklin A L - - 1985
The antioxidant beta-mercaptoethanol (BME) used in conjunction with the permanent mountant DPX (DPX-BME) retarded fluorescent fading of mithramycin, acridine orange and Hoechst 33258 stained chicken erythrocytes, each to a varying degree. The initial fluorescence of all dyes examined was more intense with DPX-BME than with DPX alone. Specimens mounted in ...
Welsh R P - - 1985
Patellofemoral arthralgia is a very common syndrome affecting athletes. Most often, examination fails to define true pathology. Conservative treatment, an active exercise program, and sports may be undertaken without harm to the knee. The patellofemoral arthralgia syndrome must be differentiated from true chondromalacia patella, where there is actual degeneration of ...
Bandele E O - - 1985
The clinical manifestations of sarcoidosis seen at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital are presented. The clinical features and management were in the main similar to those described in the temperate countries, but the patients tended to be older at presentation and were seen at a more advanced stage of the ...
Lindelöf B - - 1985
The relation between the Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) and sarcoidosis is unclear. The Kveim test, a test for sarcoidosis, was performed in seven patients, two with complete and five with abortive forms of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. All were found to be negative. Serum levels of angiotensin converting enzyme and calcium were normal. ...
Vainsencher D - - 1984
Subcutaneous sarcoidosis is a rare cutaneous expression of systemic sarcoidosis. It is first observed as subcutaneous nodules, principally on the extremities, which show a typical histopathologic appearance of sarcoidosis localized to the subcutaneous tissue. It may be associated with the early benign hilar adenopathy syndrome of sarcoidosis or with the ...
Miller A - - 1981
Two patients are reported with "vanishing lungs' associated with sarcoidosis or necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis. This syndrome is a rare outcome of sarcoidosis, but sarcoidosis may be an underlying cause of giant bullous emphysema. If bullectomy is undertaken, tissue should be removed from relatively normal lungs and mediastinal nodes to demonstrate ...
Itoh T - - 1979
The proteins of large ribosomal subunits from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were separated into 25 fractions by chromatography on columns of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC). Twenty-three proteins were then purified from the 12 CMC fractions by filtration through Sephadex G-75, Sephadex G-100, and Sephacryl S-200, and/or by phosphocellulose column chromatography. The isolated proteins are ...
Jamba G - - 1979
An epidemic of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) in the Mongolian People's Republic, starting in 1969, reached its peak in 1974. In that year and in early 1975, 65 000 children in the 0-8-years age group in the main towns and in the provinces were immunized with meningococcal vaccine of serogroup A. ...
Espinosa G A - - 1978
The multiple roentgenographic appearances of pulmonary sarcoidosis, a well-known systemic granulomatous disease of undetermined etiology, are presented. The findings in the chests of 350 patients with diagnosis of Boeck sarcoid confirms the usual and unusual manifestations which have been described in the past.(1,2)
Cacciapuoti B - - 1977
Data concerning the incidence of meningeal syndromes during the course of leptospirosis are analyzed, in relation to the Italian epidemiological situation in the years 1973-1976. From this analysis, some characteristic aspects concerning meningitis from leptospiras emerge. Specifically: the remarkable frequency of meningeal syndromes in leptospirosis; the greater incidence of the ...
Bernat J L - - 1976
Brain tumors rarely may produce acute steile meningitis (the meningeal syndrome) resulting from the spillage of blood, lipid products of tumor necrosis, or malignant cells into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The frequency of the associated meningeal syndrome is a function of tumor type and of the tproximity of tumor necrosis ...
Hopkins A - - 1974
In two patients with well established sarcoidosis, the acute onset of meningitis proved to be due to tuberculosis rather than to an extension of sarcoid granulomata to the meninges. The cerebrospinal fluid changes are very similar, and the differential diagnosis rests on a search for Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Warton K L - - 1971
Submandibular saliva collected from cystic fibrosis patients and control subjects was separated by centrifugation into an insoluble deposit and a clear supernatant. The resulting calcium and phosphorus analyses performed on both fractions warranted a closer investigation as a consistent Ca/P molar ratio of 1.5 was found in the deposit of ...
Gordon J H - - 1970
Refinements of the anaerobic technique such as the utilization of prereduced media and the removal of traces of oxygen from the gases used by passage through a hot copper oven resulted in quantitative and qualitative improvements in the recovery of anaerobic bacteria from the cecum of SPF mice. The commonest ...
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