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Isasi Carlos C Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is a disabling clinical condition of unknown cause, and only symptomatic treatment with limited benefit is available. Gluten sensitivity that does not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for celiac disease (CD) is increasingly recognized as a frequent and treatable condition with a wide spectrum of manifestations that overlap ...
Glassock Richard J RJ Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Redux: brought back, resurgent (Wikipedia free dictionary). This essay traces the history of the concepts that led to the usage of the term 'nephrotic syndrome' beginning ∼90 years ago. We then examined the various definitions used for this syndrome and modified them to conform to contemporary standards. Remarkably, only minor ...
Bacle G G Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique 1 et 2, Unité de Chirurgie de la Main, Hôpital Trousseau, CHRU de Tours, 37044 Tours cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most frequent entrapment syndrome. Physiopathology is mixed, and treatment options are multiple, none having yet proved superior efficacy. The present retrospective multicenter study compared results and rates of complications and recurrence between the 4 main cubital tunnel syndrome treatments, to identify trends and optimize ...
Licciardone John C JC The Osteopathic Research Center, University of North Texas Health Science Center, USA; Department of Medical Education, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of North Texas Health Science Center, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to measure changes in biomechanical dysfunction following osteopathic manual treatment (OMT) and to assess how such changes predict subsequent low back pain (LBP) outcomes. Secondary analyses were performed with data collected during the OSTEOPATHIC Trial wherein a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled, 2 × 2 factorial design was ...
Bensoussan Yael Y Medical student, University of Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Background: Many nerve injuries have been associated with Eagle syndrome. The cranial nerves V, VII, IX and X have been reported to be injured by the elongated styloid process in this syndrome. Methods: We describe the case of Eagle syndrome with atypical symptoms of hypoglossal nerve palsy and Horner syndrome. ...
Dorsch John N JN Department of Family & Community Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine - Wichita, 1010 North Kansas, Wichita, KS 67214, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although patients with Bell palsy and trigeminal neuralgia occasionally present to primary care physicians, most of the syndromes in this article are somewhat rare in primary care practice. It is important to recognize signs and symptoms of these syndromes so that appropriate management is carried out. Patients may experience sensory ...
Maddu Kiran K KK 1 All authors: Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 550 Peachtree St, Atlanta, GA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The aim of this article is to illustrate the imaging findings and analyze the spectrum of findings seen in patients with acute aortic syndrome. We also will discuss the overlaps in pathophysiologic and imaging findings among aortic syndromes. CONCLUSION. Acute aortic syndrome includes acute aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and ...
Daniels Brian B 1Steadman Hawkins Clinic of the Carolinas, Greenville Health Systems, Greenville, SC; 2Drisko, Fee, and Parkins, Independence, MO; 3University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Greenville, SC; and 4Vascular Health Alliance, Greenville Health Systems, Greenville, - - 2014
Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome is a rare cause of shoulder pain due to compression of the subclavian or axillary artery within the thoracic outlet. It is the least common form of thoracic outlet syndrome but is potentially dangerous as it can result in significant morbidity. An athlete initially may present ...
Panagopoulos Nikolaos N 1 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Patras University School of Medicine, 2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Metaxa Cancer Hospital, Piraeus Greece ; 3 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, "Saint Luke" Private Clinic of Health Excellence, Thessaloniki, Panorama, Greece ; 4 Pulmonary Department-Oncology Unit, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece ; 5 Surgery Department (NHS), University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece ; 6 Internal Medicine Department, "Theagenio" Cancer Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece ; 7 Oncology Department, "Saint Luke" Private Clinic of Health Excellence, Thessaloniki, Panorama, Greece ; 8 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece ; 9 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Superior sulcus tumors (SSTs), or as otherwise known Pancoast tumors, make up a clinically unique and challenging subset of non-small cell carcinoma of the lung (NSCLC). Although the outcome of patients with this disease has traditionally been poor, recent developments have contributed to a significant improvement in prognosis of SST ...
Verma Rajesh R Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
A 40-year-old lady presented with history of multiple red raised painful lesions over her body of 10 days duration. Lesions spread from forearms to arms and back of trunk during the progress of the disease. Associated pain and burning sensation in the lesions was present while working in the sun. ...
De Caridi Giovanni G Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, "Policlinico G. Martino" Hospital, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
Hand ischaemia due to arterial steal syndrome is an infrequent, but potentially serious complication of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for haemodialysis. We present a case of hand ischaemia caused by steal syndrome in a 69-year-old haemodialysis patient, 10 months after a brachiobasilic fistula creation. The patient underwent multiple operations without resolution of ...
Al Kaissi Ali A Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology, The Hanusch Hospital of WGKK and AUVA Trauma Centre Meidling, First Medical Department, Hanusch Hospital, Heinrich Collin Str. 30 A, 1140, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
Goldenhar syndrome consists of a combination of unilateral auricular appendages, auricular fistulas, and ocular epibulbar dermoids combined with a unilateral underdevelopment of the craniofacial structures and vertebral abnormalities. We aimed to elicit the underlying spine pathology in a group of patients via tomographic assessment. Hemifacial microsomia, cranial asymmetry, multiple ear ...
Strigenz Timothy - - 2014
ABSTRACT Questions from patients about pain conditions and analgesic pharmacotherapy and responses from authors are presented to help educate patients and make them more effective self-advocates. The topics addressed in this issue are cauda equina syndrome, a dysfunction of the nerves in the spinal canal, and its symptoms, diagnosis, and ...
Watson Peter P Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This case report describes the remarkable recovery of a patient with very long-standing, medically intractable and disabling, lower limb, complex regional pain syndrome type II following the resection, crushing and relocation of sensory nerves.
Madero-Visbal Rafael - - 2014
Sjögren's syndrome, a chronic and progressive autoimmune disorder mainly characterized by xerophthalmia, xerostomia, and parotid enlargement, is primarily managed medically, but some patients will require surgical management. Patients with Sjögren's syndrome have an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Superficial parotidectomy is indicated for diagnostic purposes and can be therapeutic in ...
de Lara Fernando Vazquez FV Department of Cardiology, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Texas - - 2014
Median arcuate ligament syndrome, a rarely reported condition, is characterized by postprandial abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. Its cause is unclear. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman who had intermittent chronic positional abdominal pain without weight loss. Magnetic resonance angiograms and computed tomograms revealed stenosis of ...
Moon Chang-Sig CS Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2014
Eagle's syndrome is a disease caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Eagle defined the disorder in 1937 by describing clinical findings related to an elongated styloid process, which is one of the numerous causes of pain in the craniofacial and cervical region. The prevalence of individuals ...
Yoon Do Hyun do H Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The syndrome of aortoiliac occlusive disease, also known as Leriche syndrome, is characterized by claudication, pain, and diminished femoral pulse. We highlight an unusual case of right sciatic neuropathy caused by Leriche syndrome, which was initially misdiagnosed. A 52-year-old male, with a past medical history of hypertension and bony fusion ...
Permpalung Nitipong N Department of Medicine, Bassett Medical Center and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Cooperstown, New York, - - 2014
A cervicofacial pain and foreign body sensation in pharynx associated with styloid process elongation is called Eagle syndrome. Typically, this syndrome is provoked by tonsillectomy or trauma. We report the first case of acute parotitis-induced Eagle syndrome. A 65-year-old woman presented with right facial pain. CT scan of neck revealed ...
Yuki Nobuhiro N Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
Acute ataxic neuropathies with disialosyl antibodies include Fisher syndrome, ataxic Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), and acute sensory ataxic neuropathy. Fisher syndrome and ataxic GBS are more strongly associated with IgG anti-GQ1b and -GT1a than with anti-GD1b antibodies, whereas the association is reversed in the case of acute sensory ataxic neuropathy. Chronic ...
Chen Hamilton H UCI Medical Center - Orange, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS) is a rare neurovascular compression syndrome that results from the compression of the axillary nerve and posterior circumflex humeral artery in the quadrilateral space. Electromyography (EMG) is often used to evaluate for the presence of neuropathic changes in the deltoid and teres minor in cases of ...
Arcury Thomas A TA Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Worker Health, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
This analysis examines the associations of work organization attributes among Latino women in manual occupations with musculoskeletal and neurological injuries. Participants included 234 women in western North Carolina. Outcome measures included epicondylitis, rotator cuff syndrome, back pain, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Independent measures included indicators of job demand, job control, ...
Hung Chen-Yu CY Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
Entrapment axillary neuropathy at the quadrilateral space, also known as quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS), is a rare cause of posterior shoulder pain. We present a case of an axillary schwannoma causing QSS evaluated by both conventional ultrasound and sonoelastography. The application of sonoelastography is useful in elaborating the elastic feature ...
Aydin Ramazan R From the Departments of *Radiology, and †Obstetric & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, - - 2014
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich (HWW) syndrome is a rare müllerian duct anomaly with uterus didelphys, unilateral obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Patients with this syndrome generally present after menarche with pelvic pain and mass and, rarely, primary infertility in later years. Strong suspicion and knowledge of this syndrome are mandatory for an ...
Ferreira Pedro Costa PC From the *Department of Plastic Reconstructive, Aesthetic, Maxillofacial Surgery and Burn Unit, Hospital de São João, Porto Medical School, Porto; and †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital de Braga, and School of Health Sciences, Life and Health Sciences Research Institute, University of Minho, Braga, - - 2014
Eagle syndrome, also known as elongated styloid process, is a condition first described by Watt Eagle in 1937. It occurs when an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament causes recurrent throat pain or foreign body sensation, dysphagia, or facial pain. Additional symptoms may include neck or throat pain with ...
Parlak Adem A Agri Military Hospital, Department of Family Medicine, Agri, - - 2014
Piriformis syndrome is a clinical picture of non-discogenic sciatica caused by compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. It has variable etiologies and the patho-physiology is not fully understood. The major etiology was known to be the spasm, edema and inflammation of the piriformis muscle and sciatic nerve ...
Nadarajah Channa Vasanth CV Department of Acute Medicine, The Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, Ipswich, Suffolk IP4 5PD, - - 2014
Milwaukee shoulder syndrome (MSS) is a rare destructive, calcium phosphate crystalline arthropathy. It encompasses an effusion that is noninflammatory with numerous aggregates of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the synovial fluid, associated with rotator cuff defects. We describe a patient that presented with recurrent shoulder pain and swelling with characteristic radiographic ...
Check J H - - 2014
To show that a common but not well-known disorder of the sympathetic nervous system can present with symptoms suggesting a pheochromocytoma. The standard treatment of this disorder (which is characterized by an abnormal water load test), i.e., sympathomimetic amine therapy, was given to a woman with paroxysmal tachycardia and hypertension. ...
Sayeed Md Zahidus MZ Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Rajshahi Medical College, Rajshahi 6000, Bangladesh. Electronic address: - - 2014
Brugada syndrome is an inherited cardiac arrhythmia that follows autosomal dominant transmission and can cause sudden death. We report a case of Brugada syndrome in a 55-year-old male patient presented with recurrent palpitation, atypical chest pain and presyncope. ECG changes were consistent with type 1 Brugada. Gene analysis revealed a ...
Henry Jon C JC Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2013
Compression of the neurovascular contents of the popliteal fossa is a rare condition that leads to exercise-induced pain and paresthesias in young athletes. Most frequently, it is caused by musculotendinous abnormalities resulting in popliteal entrapment syndrome. Bony abnormalities rarely are implicated but can produce symptoms that mimic popliteal entrapment syndrome. ...
Yapici Ugurlar O O Department of Radiology, Hakkari Yuksekova Public Hospital, Hakkari 30300, - - 2013
We report a case of a 45-year-old man, complaining of swelling and pain in his epigastric region for the last 3 years. According to his medical history, he had undergone various investigations and treatments for gastro-oesophageal reflux, without relief. He had had a history of chronic repeated microtraumas to his ...
Castori Marco - - 2013
Lateral meningocele syndrome (LMS) is a rare hereditary connective tissue disorder characterized by pan-spinal meningoceles, specific facial dysmorphism, skeletal and soft tissue abnormalities, and hypotonia and/or muscle weakness. LMS has been observed in eleven patients with two instances of vertical transmission, and seven sporadic cases with an age at diagnosis ...
Berkowitz Aaron L AL Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, , Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Neurological symptoms occur in approximately 20% of patients with Sjögren's syndrome, and may be the presenting manifestations of the disease. Here, we review several neurological conditions that can occur in Sjögren's syndrome: sensory ganglionopathy, painful small fibre neuropathy, and transverse myelitis (independently or as part of neuromyelitis optica). We present ...
Larsen Håvard - - 2013
We report on a case of a 79-year-old man with dropped head syndrome, where diagnostic tests, ruling out other differential diagnoses, confirmed the relatively rarely occurring condition known as isolated neck extensor myopathy. Biopsy of the neck extensor musculature was with classical pronounced fibrosis, without signs of myositis. The patient ...
Kargar Saeed - - 2013
Osteoid osteoma of the rib is a rare condition mostly mentioned in case report studies as lesions involving posterior region of the rib causing scoliosis. This report presents a 22-year-old man who complained of neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome symptoms. The pathologic study of the resected mass of the first rib ...
Canpolat Mehmet M Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Erciyes University, Kayseri, - - 2013
Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rapidly progressive symmetrical muscle weakness associated with acute inflammatory disease. Transverse myelitis (TM) is the inflammation of the spinal cord characterized by rapidly evolving muscle weakness in the lower extremities, defects in sensory level and sphincter dysfunction. Guillain-Barré syndrome, and TM association occurs very rarely in ...
Misawa Takeyuki - - 2013
The etiology of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is not well understood. Although splenic involvement is very rare in KTS, life-threatening events such as spontaneous rupture of a splenic hemangioma may occur. We recently performed elective splenectomy for massive splenomegaly causing uncontrollable abdominal pain in a woman with KTS. The extracted spleen ...
Castori Marco - - 2013
Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, hypermobility type (EDS-HT) are two clinically overlapping connective tissue disorders characterized by chronic/recurrent pain, joint instability complications, and minor skin changes. Fatigue and headache are also common, although are not yet considered diagnostic criteria. JHS/EDS-HT is a unexpectedly common condition that remains underdiagnosed ...
Moriarty B - - 2013
Sweet's syndrome classically comprises fever, neutrophilia and the onset of a painful eruption. Typically the rash is composed of tender erythematous papulo-nodules and plaques, often with pseudo-vesiculation.
Omidi-Kashani Farzad F Department of Orthopedic, Orthopedic Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. - - 2013
A 25-year old man presented with chronic low back pain for about 5 years due to mild congenital lumbar kyphosis (L1-L3 25° with congenital posterior wedge vertebra L2). Preoperative neurologic examination was normal. After posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation with moderate curve correction, the patient gradually developed the symptoms and ...
Mathew Shaji S Department of Anaesthesia, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, - - 2013
Escobar syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by flexion joint and digit contractures, skin webbing, cleft palate, deformity of spine and cervical spine fusion. Associated difficult airway is mainly due to micrognathia, retrognathia, webbing of neck and limitation of the mouth opening and neck extension. We report a ...
He Yangyan - - 2013
Nutcracker syndrome (NCS), which is caused by compression of the left renal vein between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, leads to a series of clinical symptoms including hematuria, proteinuria, flank pain, and varicocele. The diagnosis of NCS is difficult due to variations in normal anatomy. Treatment, which ...
Agarwal Nitin N Department of Neurological Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 90 Bergen St, Suite 8100, PO Box 1709, Newark, NJ 07101-1709, - - 2013
Cauda equina syndrome is caused by compression or injury to the nerve roots distal to the level of the spinal cord. This syndrome presents as low back pain, motor and sensory deficits in the lower extremities, and bladder as well as bowel dysfunction. Although various etiologies of cauda equina syndrome ...
Sinha Parul - - 2013
A lateralized pain in the neck is a common symptom encountered by the Otolaryngologist. This complaint, frequently caused by "lateral thyrohyoid ligament syndrome," is often misdiagnosed. The pathophysiology of this syndrome may relate to overuse, inflammation, and rigidity of the ligament caused by ossification. Typically, patients present with chronic unilateral ...
Kim Young Deok YD Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, - - 2013
Split cord malformations (SCMs) usually present in childhood, and are rarely reported in adults. And also, a cervicothoracic SCM associated with tethered cord syndrome has very rarely been reported in the literature. We report a case of SCM associated with tethered cord and spina bifida in an adult. This report ...
Naito Yoshifumi - - 2013
Eagle syndrome is characterized by the sensation of a foreign body in the throat, odynophagia, dysphagia, and craniofacial or cervical pain due to an elongated styloid process. Some reports have indicated that an elongated styloid process is one of the causes of carotid artery dissection (CAD). This is the first ...
Gay A-M - - 2013
First described by Ambroise Paré in the mid-17th century complex, regional pain syndrome (CRPS) can be defined as an articular and periarticular pain syndrome associated with vasomotor deregulation triggered by various stresses with no relationship between the intensity of the initial injury and severity of the continuing pain. Several names ...
Munk-Andersen H - - 2013
We here present a paediatric case with development of acute compartment syndrome in the lower leg secondary to a tibial shaft fracture. The patient was diagnosed in time because of breakthrough pain, despite a well-functioning continuous peripheral nerve block with ropivacaine infusion. Compartment syndrome is a potentially devastating complication to ...
Kavanagh R G - - 2013
Acute cauda equina syndrome secondary to a spinal epidural abscess as a result of a psoas abscess is very uncommon. We report the case of a 64-year old with a 6-day history of left hip pain, which progressively worsened until she presented to the emergency department with systemic infective symptoms ...
Dornelles-Wawruk H - - 2013
We report on a patient carrying a 17q21.31 microdeletion and exhibiting many common syndrome features, together with other clinical signs which have rarely or never been described to date. The detected 695-kb 17q21.31 deletion is larger than in most previously reported cases but is still probably the result of recombination ...
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