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Sit Yan Kit YK Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, North District Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
Acute compartment syndrome after medial gastrocnemius tear is very rare. It can involve the superficial posterior compartment alone or progress to involve all the 4 compartments of the lower legs. Those patients with high pain tolerance and minor trauma can lead to delayed presentation. Immediate fasciotomy is the treatment of ...
Simon Perez Clarisa C Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Avenida Ramón y Cajal s/n, 47005, Valladolid, Spain, - - 2014
Our purpose is to describe the results obtained in surgical treatment of a series of patients with symptoms of radial tunnel syndrome. We performed a prospective study on 42 patients (43 limbs) operated for radial tunnel syndrome between 1996 and 2010, using a posterior-external approach. Using the Roles and Maudsley ...
Izadi Faye E - - 2014
Exertional compartment syndrome in the foot is rarely reported and often confused with plantar fasciitis as a cause of arch pain in the running athlete. We describe a case involving a 19-year-old competitive collegiate runner who developed a chronic case of bilateral medial arch pain during training, which was initially ...
Izadi Faye E FE a Lakewood Regional Medical - - 2014
Abstract Exertional compartment syndrome (ECS) in the foot is rarely reported and often confused with plantar fasciitis as a cause of arch pain in the running athlete. We describe a case involving a 19 year old competitive collegiate runner who developed a chronic case of bilateral medial arch pain during ...
Macciò Antonio - - 2014
The Meigs' syndrome is a rare but well-known syndrome defined as the triad of benign solid ovarian tumor, ascites, and pleural effusion. Meigs' syndrome always requires surgical treatment. However, the optimal approach for its management has not been sufficiently investigated. We report a patient with a large twisted ovarian fibroma ...
Nishio Naoki N From the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2014
An inflammatory pseudotumor is a rare benign disease presenting with non-specific chronic inflammation, and reported occurrences involving the skull base are relatively rare. A 65-year-old man became aware of pain around the right temporomandibular joint and mild trismus, and palsies of the cranial nerves III, IV, V, and VI were ...
Owlasiuk Anna A Department of Family Medicine and Community Nursing, Medical University, Bialystok, - - 2014
introduction. Metabolic syndrome is a contemporary disease of civilization, an effect of lack of healthy behaviour, a consequence of lifestyle devoid of physical activity, eating poor quality food rich in calories and excessive stress. Apart from a proper diet, physical activity remains an important part of metabolic syndrome management. objective. ...
Soleti Pavan P Department of General Medicine, G Kuppuswamy Naidu Memorial Hospital, Coimbatore, - - 2014
Straight back syndrome is characterized by loss of the normal upper thoracic kyphosis, leading to a reduced anteroposterior diameter and squashing of the heart. Most patients are asymptomatic; if symptomatic, chest pain and palpitations are most common. On examination, the abnormal clinical findings simulate organic heart disease that needs to ...
Yadav Kaushal K Department of Surgical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has gained favour as a preferred surgical approach in the multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2 patients. Currently, there is limited literature on bilateral simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy in MEN 2 syndrome. We reported two cases of bilateral pheochromocytoma associated with MEN 2 syndrome cured by simultaneous bilateral laparoscopic ...
Derlin Thorsten T From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2014
We report a case of posttransplant distal limb syndrome (PTDLS) representing a rare complication in kidney transplant recipients characterized by a pain syndrome of the distal extremities. A 68-year-old man with a history of kidney transplantation presented with symmetrical and incapacitating pain in the feet and knees and underwent whole-body ...
Cuéllar Adrián A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Galdakao Unsansolo Hospital, Galdakao, Vizcaya, - - 2014
Coracoid impingement syndrome results from subscapularis tendon entrapment between the humerus and the coracoid. This syndrome is an uncommon cause of shoulder pain that has many different aetiologies. Although synovial cysts have been reported as cause of coracoid impingement at this level, solid tumoural lesions are a rare cause of ...
Jans Christophe C Ziekenhuis Netwerk Antwerpen, Lange Beeldekensstraat 267, 2060, Antwerp, Belgium, - - 2014
Sporting activities that involve repetitive stress to muscle compartments can elicit chronic exertional compartment syndrome. Its occurrence in the lower leg muscle compartments is most common, but other locations are less well known and the pathophysiology is not completely understood. In motocross racers, chronic exertional compartment syndrome can occur in ...
Phillips Darci D Harvard Medical School, and Department of Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, 290 Gray/Bigelow, Boston, MA - - 2014
Pelvic congestion syndrome is associated with pelvic varicosities that result in chronic pelvic pain, especially in the setting of prolonged standing, coitus, menstruation, and pregnancy. Although the underlying pathophysiology of pelvic congestion syndrome is unclear, it probably results from a combination of dysfunctional venous valves, retrograde blood flow, venous hypertension, ...
Mallow Michael M Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, 25 South 9th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lateral hip pain, or greater trochanteric pain syndrome, is a commonly seen condition; in this article, the relevant anatomy, epidemiology, and evaluation strategies of greater trochanteric pain syndrome are reviewed. Specific attention is focused on imaging of this syndrome and treatment techniques, including ultrasound-guided interventions.
Smith Clark C CC Department of Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital, 180 Fort Washington Avenue, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS) is a rare disorder typically characterized by an abrupt onset of upper extremity pain followed by progressive neurologic deficits, including weakness, atrophy, and occasionally sensory abnormalities. The exact cause and pathophysiology of PTS are complex and incompletely understood. Autoimmune, genetic, infectious, and mechanical processes have all been ...
Inal Mikail M Department of Radiology, Kirikkale University, Yahsihan, Kirikkale, - - 2014
Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) is a rare pathology, caused by compression of the left renal vein (LRV) between the abdominal aorta (AA) and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), due to reduction of the angle between AA and SMA. This leads to LRV varices, left gonadal vein varices and therefore, the pelvic ...
Isasi Carlos C Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is a disabling clinical condition of unknown cause, and only symptomatic treatment with limited benefit is available. Gluten sensitivity that does not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for celiac disease (CD) is increasingly recognized as a frequent and treatable condition with a wide spectrum of manifestations that overlap ...
Glassock Richard J RJ Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Redux: brought back, resurgent (Wikipedia free dictionary). This essay traces the history of the concepts that led to the usage of the term 'nephrotic syndrome' beginning ∼90 years ago. We then examined the various definitions used for this syndrome and modified them to conform to contemporary standards. Remarkably, only minor ...
Bacle G G Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique 1 et 2, Unité de Chirurgie de la Main, Hôpital Trousseau, CHRU de Tours, 37044 Tours cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most frequent entrapment syndrome. Physiopathology is mixed, and treatment options are multiple, none having yet proved superior efficacy. The present retrospective multicenter study compared results and rates of complications and recurrence between the 4 main cubital tunnel syndrome treatments, to identify trends and optimize ...
Licciardone John C JC The Osteopathic Research Center, University of North Texas Health Science Center, USA; Department of Medical Education, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of North Texas Health Science Center, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to measure changes in biomechanical dysfunction following osteopathic manual treatment (OMT) and to assess how such changes predict subsequent low back pain (LBP) outcomes. Secondary analyses were performed with data collected during the OSTEOPATHIC Trial wherein a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled, 2 × 2 factorial design was ...
Bensoussan Yael Y Medical student, University of Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Background: Many nerve injuries have been associated with Eagle syndrome. The cranial nerves V, VII, IX and X have been reported to be injured by the elongated styloid process in this syndrome. Methods: We describe the case of Eagle syndrome with atypical symptoms of hypoglossal nerve palsy and Horner syndrome. ...
Dorsch John N JN Department of Family & Community Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine - Wichita, 1010 North Kansas, Wichita, KS 67214, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although patients with Bell palsy and trigeminal neuralgia occasionally present to primary care physicians, most of the syndromes in this article are somewhat rare in primary care practice. It is important to recognize signs and symptoms of these syndromes so that appropriate management is carried out. Patients may experience sensory ...
Maddu Kiran K KK 1 All authors: Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 550 Peachtree St, Atlanta, GA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The aim of this article is to illustrate the imaging findings and analyze the spectrum of findings seen in patients with acute aortic syndrome. We also will discuss the overlaps in pathophysiologic and imaging findings among aortic syndromes. CONCLUSION. Acute aortic syndrome includes acute aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and ...
Daniels Brian B 1Steadman Hawkins Clinic of the Carolinas, Greenville Health Systems, Greenville, SC; 2Drisko, Fee, and Parkins, Independence, MO; 3University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Greenville, SC; and 4Vascular Health Alliance, Greenville Health Systems, Greenville, - - 2014
Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome is a rare cause of shoulder pain due to compression of the subclavian or axillary artery within the thoracic outlet. It is the least common form of thoracic outlet syndrome but is potentially dangerous as it can result in significant morbidity. An athlete initially may present ...
Verma Rajesh R Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
A 40-year-old lady presented with history of multiple red raised painful lesions over her body of 10 days duration. Lesions spread from forearms to arms and back of trunk during the progress of the disease. Associated pain and burning sensation in the lesions was present while working in the sun. ...
Panagopoulos Nikolaos N 1 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Patras University School of Medicine, 2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Metaxa Cancer Hospital, Piraeus Greece ; 3 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, "Saint Luke" Private Clinic of Health Excellence, Thessaloniki, Panorama, Greece ; 4 Pulmonary Department-Oncology Unit, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece ; 5 Surgery Department (NHS), University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece ; 6 Internal Medicine Department, "Theagenio" Cancer Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece ; 7 Oncology Department, "Saint Luke" Private Clinic of Health Excellence, Thessaloniki, Panorama, Greece ; 8 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece ; 9 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Superior sulcus tumors (SSTs), or as otherwise known Pancoast tumors, make up a clinically unique and challenging subset of non-small cell carcinoma of the lung (NSCLC). Although the outcome of patients with this disease has traditionally been poor, recent developments have contributed to a significant improvement in prognosis of SST ...
Roode G J - - 2014
Undiagnosed Pterygoid Hamulus syndrome can cause long-term suffering. We herewith report on a case with a 30-year history of discomfort and pain without being correctly diagnosed.
De Caridi Giovanni G Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, "Policlinico G. Martino" Hospital, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
Hand ischaemia due to arterial steal syndrome is an infrequent, but potentially serious complication of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for haemodialysis. We present a case of hand ischaemia caused by steal syndrome in a 69-year-old haemodialysis patient, 10 months after a brachiobasilic fistula creation. The patient underwent multiple operations without resolution of ...
Dong Zhiwei Z Attending Physician, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command, Shenhe District, Shenyang, People's Republic of - - 2014
Eagle's syndrome is characterized by a variety of symptoms, including throat pain, sensation of a foreign body in the pharynx, dysphagia, referred otalgia, and neck and throat pain exacerbated by head rotation. Any styloid process longer than 25 mm should be considered elongated and will usually be responsible for Eagle's ...
Al Kaissi Ali A Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology, The Hanusch Hospital of WGKK and AUVA Trauma Centre Meidling, First Medical Department, Hanusch Hospital, Heinrich Collin Str. 30 A, 1140, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
Goldenhar syndrome consists of a combination of unilateral auricular appendages, auricular fistulas, and ocular epibulbar dermoids combined with a unilateral underdevelopment of the craniofacial structures and vertebral abnormalities. We aimed to elicit the underlying spine pathology in a group of patients via tomographic assessment. Hemifacial microsomia, cranial asymmetry, multiple ear ...
Strigenz Timothy - - 2014
ABSTRACT Questions from patients about pain conditions and analgesic pharmacotherapy and responses from authors are presented to help educate patients and make them more effective self-advocates. The topics addressed in this issue are cauda equina syndrome, a dysfunction of the nerves in the spinal canal, and its symptoms, diagnosis, and ...
Watson Peter P Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This case report describes the remarkable recovery of a patient with very long-standing, medically intractable and disabling, lower limb, complex regional pain syndrome type II following the resection, crushing and relocation of sensory nerves.
Madero-Visbal Rafael - - 2014
Sjögren's syndrome, a chronic and progressive autoimmune disorder mainly characterized by xerophthalmia, xerostomia, and parotid enlargement, is primarily managed medically, but some patients will require surgical management. Patients with Sjögren's syndrome have an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Superficial parotidectomy is indicated for diagnostic purposes and can be therapeutic in ...
de Lara Fernando Vazquez FV Department of Cardiology, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Texas - - 2014
Median arcuate ligament syndrome, a rarely reported condition, is characterized by postprandial abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. Its cause is unclear. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman who had intermittent chronic positional abdominal pain without weight loss. Magnetic resonance angiograms and computed tomograms revealed stenosis of ...
Moon Chang-Sig CS Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2014
Eagle's syndrome is a disease caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Eagle defined the disorder in 1937 by describing clinical findings related to an elongated styloid process, which is one of the numerous causes of pain in the craniofacial and cervical region. The prevalence of individuals ...
Yoon Do Hyun do H Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The syndrome of aortoiliac occlusive disease, also known as Leriche syndrome, is characterized by claudication, pain, and diminished femoral pulse. We highlight an unusual case of right sciatic neuropathy caused by Leriche syndrome, which was initially misdiagnosed. A 52-year-old male, with a past medical history of hypertension and bony fusion ...
Permpalung Nitipong N Department of Medicine, Bassett Medical Center and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Cooperstown, New York, - - 2014
A cervicofacial pain and foreign body sensation in pharynx associated with styloid process elongation is called Eagle syndrome. Typically, this syndrome is provoked by tonsillectomy or trauma. We report the first case of acute parotitis-induced Eagle syndrome. A 65-year-old woman presented with right facial pain. CT scan of neck revealed ...
Yuki Nobuhiro N Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
Acute ataxic neuropathies with disialosyl antibodies include Fisher syndrome, ataxic Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), and acute sensory ataxic neuropathy. Fisher syndrome and ataxic GBS are more strongly associated with IgG anti-GQ1b and -GT1a than with anti-GD1b antibodies, whereas the association is reversed in the case of acute sensory ataxic neuropathy. Chronic ...
Chen Hamilton H UCI Medical Center - Orange, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS) is a rare neurovascular compression syndrome that results from the compression of the axillary nerve and posterior circumflex humeral artery in the quadrilateral space. Electromyography (EMG) is often used to evaluate for the presence of neuropathic changes in the deltoid and teres minor in cases of ...
Colantoni Julie J Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina, - - 2014
Ulnar impaction syndrome is abutment of the ulna on the lunate and triquetrum that increases stress and load, causing ulnar-sided wrist pain. Typically, ulnar-positive or -neutral variance is seen on a posteroanterior radiograph of the wrist. The management of ulnar impaction syndrome varies from conservative, symptomatic treatment to open procedures ...
Arcury Thomas A TA Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Worker Health, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
This analysis examines the associations of work organization attributes among Latino women in manual occupations with musculoskeletal and neurological injuries. Participants included 234 women in western North Carolina. Outcome measures included epicondylitis, rotator cuff syndrome, back pain, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Independent measures included indicators of job demand, job control, ...
Hung Chen-Yu CY Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
Entrapment axillary neuropathy at the quadrilateral space, also known as quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS), is a rare cause of posterior shoulder pain. We present a case of an axillary schwannoma causing QSS evaluated by both conventional ultrasound and sonoelastography. The application of sonoelastography is useful in elaborating the elastic feature ...
Aydin Ramazan R From the Departments of *Radiology, and †Obstetric & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, - - 2014
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich (HWW) syndrome is a rare müllerian duct anomaly with uterus didelphys, unilateral obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Patients with this syndrome generally present after menarche with pelvic pain and mass and, rarely, primary infertility in later years. Strong suspicion and knowledge of this syndrome are mandatory for an ...
Ferreira Pedro Costa PC From the *Department of Plastic Reconstructive, Aesthetic, Maxillofacial Surgery and Burn Unit, Hospital de São João, Porto Medical School, Porto; and †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital de Braga, and School of Health Sciences, Life and Health Sciences Research Institute, University of Minho, Braga, - - 2014
Eagle syndrome, also known as elongated styloid process, is a condition first described by Watt Eagle in 1937. It occurs when an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament causes recurrent throat pain or foreign body sensation, dysphagia, or facial pain. Additional symptoms may include neck or throat pain with ...
Parlak Adem A Agri Military Hospital, Department of Family Medicine, Agri, - - 2014
Piriformis syndrome is a clinical picture of non-discogenic sciatica caused by compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. It has variable etiologies and the patho-physiology is not fully understood. The major etiology was known to be the spasm, edema and inflammation of the piriformis muscle and sciatic nerve ...
Nadarajah Channa Vasanth CV Department of Acute Medicine, The Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, Ipswich, Suffolk IP4 5PD, - - 2014
Milwaukee shoulder syndrome (MSS) is a rare destructive, calcium phosphate crystalline arthropathy. It encompasses an effusion that is noninflammatory with numerous aggregates of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the synovial fluid, associated with rotator cuff defects. We describe a patient that presented with recurrent shoulder pain and swelling with characteristic radiographic ...
Check J H - - 2014
To show that a common but not well-known disorder of the sympathetic nervous system can present with symptoms suggesting a pheochromocytoma. The standard treatment of this disorder (which is characterized by an abnormal water load test), i.e., sympathomimetic amine therapy, was given to a woman with paroxysmal tachycardia and hypertension. ...
Murray Jean-Christophe JC 0000-0001-6938-5998 Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, CHU de Québec-Enfant-Jésus Hospital, 1401 18th Street, Québec, QC, Canada G1J - - 2014
Subacromial impingement syndrome is a clinical diagnosis encompassing a spectrum of possible etiologies, including subacromial bursitis, rotator cuff tendinopathy, and partial- to full-thickness rotator cuff tears. This report presents an unusual case of subdeltoid lipoma causing extrinsic compression and subacromial impingement syndrome. The patient, a 60-year-old man, presented to our ...
Guerra Jose Rodolfo JR Department of Medicine, Metropolitan Hospital Center/New York Medical College, New York, New York, - - 2014
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are novel antineoplastic drugs that make use of the molecular abnormalities that have been discovered in certain types of tumours. These agents are associated with important dermatological side effects. This case report discusses an atypical presentation of the hand-foot syndrome in one patient treated with sorafenib. A ...
Anwuzia-Iwegbu Charles C Department of Upper GI Surgery, Barts & The Royal London, London, - - 2014
Spontaneous oesophageal perforation or Boerhaave's syndrome is a life-threatening condition that usually requires early diagnosis and early surgical management. A 79-year-old man presented to the accident and emergency department with an ischaemic left big toe. He reported a 2-week history of worsening symptoms and a claudication distance in his left ...
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