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Jackson Claire C Michael Rutter Centre, Maudsley Hospital, London, - - 2014
It is estimated that around 50-90% of people with learning disabilities experience difficulties in communicating. Previous research has linked communication difficulties and self-esteem in other populations, yet this relationship has not previously been investigated for people with Down syndrome. To explore the relationship between communication and self-esteem in adults with ...
Titchener Andrew G AG Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Royal Derby Hospital, Derby, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rotator cuff disease is a common condition in the general population, but relatively little is known about its associated risk factors. We have undertaken a large case-control study using The Health Improvement Network database to assess and to quantify the relative contributions of some constitutional and environmental risk factors for ...
Zhang Wei-Hong WH Department of Basic Medicine, Nursing College, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Background: The present study aimed to estimate the up-to-date prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its relationship with physical activity among suburban adults in Beijing, China. Methods: A cross-sectional survey in a representative sample of 19,003 suburban adults aged 18-76 years was carried out in 2007-2008. Data was collected via questionnaires ...
Guallar-Castillón Pilar P Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPaz, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, CIBERESP, Madrid, - - 2014
Few studies in Spain have reported the distribution of metabolic syndrome using the harmonized definition and that of premorbid metabolic syndrome, which consists of metabolic syndrome without diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular disease. Moreover, their regional distributions and clinical management are unknown. The present study examined the distributions and clinical management ...
Veerasamy Murugapathy M 1Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom 2Cardiothoracic Centre, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom 3Institute of Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2014
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Due to advances in medicine in the last few decades, life expectancy has increased resulting in an aging population in developed and developing countries. Acute coronary syndrome causes greater morbidity and mortality in this group of older patients, which appears ...
Faia Lisa J LJ Department of Ophthalmology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester, MI 48309, USA ; Retina and Uveitis, Associated Retinal Consultants, P.C., Royal Oak, MI 48073, - - 2014
Inflammatory conditions that affect the posterior pole are diverse. Specifically, birdshot chorioretinopathy and the white dot syndromes present with multiple white dots in the fundus. These diseases appear to affect similar age groups but there is question as to whether or not a difference exists between the genders. This review ...
Yang Fan F Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Sichuan, P. R. China; Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University, Guangxi, P. R. - - 2014
To determine whether fasting plasma Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 (DPP4) activity and active Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) were predictive of the onset of metabolic syndrome. A prospective cohort study was conducted of 2042 adults (863 men and 1,179 women) aged 18-70 years without metabolic syndrome examined in 2007(baseline) and 2011(follow-up). Baseline plasma ...
Magalhães P P Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University Agostinho Neto, Luanda, - - 2014
Estimates of the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Africans may be inconsistent due to lack of African-specific cut-off values of waist circumference (WC). This study determined the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and defined optimal values of WC in Africans. This cross-sectional study collected demographic, anthropometric and clinical data ...
Vasluian Ecaterina - - 2013
Reported birth prevalences of congenital limb defects (CLD) vary between countries: from 13/10,000 in Finland for the period 1964--1977 to 30.4/10,000 births in Scotland from 1964--1968. Epidemiological studies permit the timely detection of trends in CLD and of associations with other birth defects. The aim of this study is to ...
Klusek Jessica - - 2013
Abstract This study tested the hypothesis that pragmatic (i.e., social) language impairment is linked to arousal dysregulation in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and fragile X syndrome (FXS). Forty boys with ASD, 39 with FXS, and 27 with typical development (TD), aged 4-15 years, participated. Boys with FXS were hyperaroused compared to ...
Wilde Lucy - - 2013
This natural observation study was designed to evaluate hypothesized elevated 'attention-seeking' and preference for adult attention in Smith-Magenis syndrome. Ten children with Smith-Magenis syndrome were observed across one school day, together with an age matched sample of 10 children with Down syndrome. Levels of attention given to, and vigilance for, ...
Bakhshani Nour Mohammad - - 2013
The present study describes "Djinnati," a culture-bound syndrome and examines its prevalence and demographic attributes such as age, gender and education level in the rural population of Baluchistan in southeast Iran. In this cross-sectional study, the participants (n=4129) were recruited from people living in rural areas of Baluchistan (southeast Iran) ...
Woo Jean - - 2013
Multi-morbidity, dependency, and frailty were studied simultaneously in a community-living cohort of 4,000 men and women aged 65 years and over to examine the independent and combined effects on four health outcomes (mortality, decline in physical function, depression, and polypharmacy). The influence of socioeconomic status on these relationships is also examined. ...
Marschik Peter B - - 2013
Abstract Background and aims: This is the first study aiming to compare pre-diagnostic socio-communicative development of a female with typical Rett syndrome (RTT), a female with the preserved speech variant of RTT (PSV) and a control toddler. Methods: We analysed 1275 min of family videos at the participants' age between 9 ...
Anakwue R C RC College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu, - - 2013
We report on a 21-year-old Nigerian girl with toe gangrene, which is one of the most unlikely forms of presentation of antiphospholipid syndrome among Africans. The essence of this case report is to raise awareness that, although antiphospholipid syndrome typically presents in Africans in association with a pregnancy-related event or ...
Boylan Jennifer Morozink - - 2013
Building on prior work linking high anger expression to poor health, this cross-sectional study addressed whether anger expression exacerbated age-related risk for metabolic syndrome in a national sample of adults, known as MIDUS (Midlife in the United States).Method.Respondents reported anger expression via survey assessments and completed an overnight clinic visit. ...
Lin Kuan Pin - - 2013
Depression may be a risk factor for obesity or metabolic syndrome. The aims of this study were to determine the relationships among depression, obesity, and metabolic syndrome in young adult females as well as the role of depression in the components of metabolic syndrome. A cross-sectional study was conducted on ...
Presson Angela P - - 2013
To calculate a reliable estimate of the population prevalence of Down syndrome in the US. The annual number of births of infants with Down syndrome were estimated by applying published birth prevalence rates of Down syndrome by maternal age to US data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...
Morrell Jesse Stabile - - 2013
Abstract Background: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the impact of below-average cardiovascular fitness and inactivity on the metabolic syndrome among an understudied population-undergraduate men and women, ages 18-24 years. Methods: Between January, 2010, and May, 2012, we assessed anthropometric, biochemical, and clinical measures in a convenience ...
Corbatón-Anchuelo Arturo - - 2013
Abstract Background: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in rural and urban areas in the province of Segovia, Spain, and its relationship to lifestyle habits, cardiovascular risk, and serum adiponectin concentrations. Methods: The study had a cross-sectional design and included 888 individual residents in the province of ...
Xiao Hong - - 2013
The transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is influenced by environmental determinants. This study aimed to explore the association between atmospheric moisture variability and the transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) for the period of 1991-2010 in Changsha, China. Wavelet analyses were performed by using monthly ...
Wang Yong-Tao YT Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, - - 2013
To survey the clinical epidemiology and correlations between pathology and clinical features of major groups of kidney diseases in a rural area of China. From January 1996 to December 2010, histologic diagnosis of renal disease was made on samples collected from 919 patients from a single center in the midland ...
Moon Karam - - 2013
In this paper the authors report the case of a complex dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) with high-risk features in a 14-year-old girl with Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRRS), a phosphatase and tensin homolog-associated syndrome, presenting with signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) that had previously been attributed to pseudotumor cerebri. ...
Zhao Yue - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine problem affecting women of reproductive age and is investigated from many regions of the world. Some reports have indicated ethnic difference in its manifestation. This review addressed the evidences for ethnic variation in the expression of PCOS phenotypes and explored the ...
Cianci Paola - - 2013
This article reports on an association between Burkitt lymphoma and Noonan syndrome (NS) due to a RAF1 gene mutation. The patient was a 7-year-old boy with NS, who was included in the first series reporting the association between Noonan and RAF1, and who later presented with a 2-week history of ...
Martin Gary E GE Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and Down syndrome (DS) are the two leading genetic causes of intellectual disability, and FXS is the most common known genetic condition associated with autism. Both FXS and DS are associated with significant language impairment, but little is known about expressive language across domains over time ...
Barisic Ingeborg - - 2013
Fraser syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by cryptophthalmos, cutaneous syndactyly, laryngeal, and urogenital malformations. We present a population-based epidemiological study using data provided by the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT) network of birth defect registries. Between January 1990 and December 2008, we identified 26 cases of ...
Zhao Xu X Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211166, - - 2014
This study was aimed to explore the associations between the combined effects of several polymorphisms in the PPAR-γ and RXR-α gene and environmental factors with the risk of metabolic syndrome by back-error propagation artificial neural network (BPANN). We established the model based on data gathered from metabolic syndrome patients (n ...
Zhang Yaqin - - 2013
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an uncommon X-linked dominant genodermatosis. It affects predominantly females and is lethal in utero in male fetuses. We herein report a baby girl born with blisters on trunk and limbs. The diagnosis of IP was based on clinical findings and on histopathological analysis of biopsy specimen.
Choi Mona - - 2013
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is consistently increasing among Korean adults and is reported to be particularly high among older adults in Korea. This paper reports the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and identifies the association between metabolic syndrome and physical activity in Korean older adults. Subjects of this study were ...
Batista Cristiano - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Scientific literature offers no epidemiological data regarding prevalence and protective factors for the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) among former athletes. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether former athletes are better protected against MetSyn and if this hypothetical protection is dependent on sex, career, or ...
Sherpa Lhamo Y - - 2013
Abstract Sherpa, Lhamo Y., Deji, Hein Stigum, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Per Hafstad, and Espen Bjertness. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and common metabolic components in high altitude farmers and herdsmen at 3700 m in Tibet. High Alt Med Biol 14:37-44, 2013.-Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome, its associated factors and components ...
Rosso Andrea L AL Department of Epidemiology, Center for Aging and Population Health, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
To determine how the number of geriatric syndromes is associated with incident disability in community-based populations of older adults. Longitudinal analysis from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS). Community. Twenty-nine thousand five hundred forty-four women aged 65 and older enrolled in the WHI-OS and free of disability in activities ...
Hogan-Brown Abigail L AL Northwestern University, - - 2013
Whereas pragmatic language difficulties are characteristic of both autism and Fragile X syndrome, it is unclear whether such deficits are qualitatively similar or whether certain skills are differentially affected. This study compared narrative competence in boys with autism, Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, and typical development. Results revealed that an ...
Toste R - - 2013
Imposex, a syndrome characterized by the appearance of a penis and/or vas deferens in female gastropods due the presence of organotins in environment, is still observed in Brazilian gastropod populations, as in other countries, even after the tributyltin (TBT) ban. Nevertheless, the progressive controls on the use of organotins in ...
Eglit Triin - - 2013
The objective of this study was to estimate gender-specific associations between metabolic syndrome (MS) and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin in an Estonian adult population. Plasma HMW adiponectin was measured in 458 subjects (191 men) who participated in a population-based cross-sectional multicenter study (n=495) on the prevalence of metabolic disorders in Estonia. ...
Lauper Julia M - - 2013
Onishi et al. recently reported here an association of diabetes mellitus (DM) with neoplasm type in newly identified patients with Werner syndrome (WS), an autosomal recessive cancer predisposition syndrome with features of premature aging that include a high risk of DM (Onishi et al. in Acta Diabetol 49(Suppl 1):259-260, 2012; ...
Valim Valéria - - 2013
There has been no previous prevalence study about of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in Brazil. The aim was to evaluate the SS prevalence in a general population in Vitória, ES, Brazil. This was an epidemiological, observational, and cross-sectional study conducted on 1,205 randomized people, aged 18-65 years, who lived in Vitória. ...
Stevenson R E - - 2013
The nonrandom co-occurrence of vertebral, anorectal, cardiac, tracheoesophageal, genitourinary, and limb malformations, recognized as the VACTERL association, has not been satisfactorily explained from either a causation or embryopathogenesis standpoint. Few familial cases have been identified and maternal diabetes is the only environmental influence implicated to date. Mutations in single genes ...
Garcia-Filion Pamela P The Vision Center at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd. MS#88, Los Angeles, CA, 90027, USA, - - 2013
Background: Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) has developed into a leading cause of congenital blindness. The frequently associated features of hypopituitarism and absent septum pellucidum were felt to have embryonic linkage as "septo-optic dysplasia" or "de Morsier's syndrome." More recent studies have suggested these associations are independent of one another. This ...
Lee Joanne Y L - - 2013
This study utilised developmental profiling to examine symptom presentation in 14 girls with genetically confirmed Rett Syndrome and whose family was participating in the Australian Rett Syndrome or InterRett database. Regression was mostly characterised by loss of hand and/or communication skills (13/14) except one girl demonstrated slowing of skill development. ...
Gupta Nidhi - - 2013
Rapidly changing dietary practices accompanied by an increasingly sedentary lifestyle predispose to nutrition-related non-communicable diseases, including childhood obesity. Over the last 5 y, reports from several developing countries indicate prevalence rates of obesity (inclusive of overweight) >15 % in children and adolescents aged 5-19 y; Mexico 41.8 %, Brazil 22.1 %, India 22.0 % and Argentina ...
Wu Jianhua - - 2013
There is uncertainty over the population prevalence of people with Down's syndrome in England and Wales. This study aimed to estimate the population prevalence of Down's syndrome in England and Wales in 2011. A meta-analysis of published survival rates of people with Down's syndrome from 1938 to 2010 was conducted ...
Bhanushali Chintan J - - 2013
Background. Although there is a reported association between lifestyle factors and metabolic syndrome, very few studies have used national level data restricted to the African Americans (AAs) in the United States (US). Methods. A cross-sectional evaluation was conducted using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2006 ...
Akter Shamima - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome has become a major public health concern, but the role of diet in the etiology of this syndrome is not well understood. This study investigated the association between major dietary patterns and prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a Japanese working population. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 460 ...
Insawang Tonkla - - 2013
: See related article: http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/10/1/14.
Collison Kate S - - 2013
: See related article: http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/10/1/14.
Brown Rebecca T - - 2013
Although older homeless adults have high rates of geriatric syndromes, risk factors for these syndromes are not known. We used multivariable regression models to estimate the association of subject characteristics with the total number of geriatric syndromes in 250 homeless adults aged 50 years and older. Geriatric syndromes included falls, ...
Jan Mohamed Hamid Jan B - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to determine gender differences in the prevalence and factors associated with metabolic syndrome in a rural Malay population. This cross-sectional study, conducted in Bachok, Kelantan, involved 306 respondents aged ...
Rogers Michael D - - 2013
: Please see related articles and author responses: http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/9/1/50http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/10/1/10http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/10/1/13 ABSTRACT: The article entitled "Monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural Thai population", concluded that higher amounts of individual's MSG consumption are associated with the risk of having the metabolic syndrome and being ...
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