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Luft Friedrich C FC Experimental and Clinical Research Center, a joint cooperation between the Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine and the Charité Medical Faculty, Lindenbergerweg 80, 13125, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
Salt retention or salt deficit has a bearing on the body fluid volume. Both states are clinically difficult to recognize and quantitate. Salt deficit is particularly cumbersome in that regard since orthostatic blood pressure, heart rate changes, and simple physical inspection are inaccurate and unreliable. Salt deficit can be acute ...
Kiliç Inci - - 2014
Nicolau syndrome, also known as livedo-like dermatitis or embolia cutis medicamentosa, is a rare complication following the intramuscular or intra-articular injection of various drugs. In our case report we report the case of a 45-year-old Turkish woman who developed Nicolau syndrome after an intramuscular injection in her right gluteal region ...
Ko Sun-Hye SH Sun-Hye Ko, Hyun Jin Oh, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University, Seoul 137-701, South - - 2014
Colonoscopic screening has been reported to reduce deaths from colorectal cancer. Adequate bowel preparation is essential for this and safety is an important issue in choosing the methods. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is regarded as a safe method for cleansing, especially compared with oral sodium phosphate. Here, we present a case ...
Razavi B M BM Department of Pharmacodynamy and Toxicology, Targeted Drug Delivery Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) occurrence and mortality. CVDs are leading cause of death worldwide. Recently, there has been an increasing interest in the use of herbal medicines with more efficiency and minimal undesirable effects than chemical drugs for a variety of disorders including ...
George James N JN From the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, and the Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City (J.N.G.); and the Stead Family Department of Pediatrics and Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City - - 2014
This review article covers the diverse pathophysiological pathways that can lead to microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and a procoagulant state with or without damage to the kidneys and other organs.
Meng Wen - - 2014
No case of solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura with Doege-Potter syndrome has been reported in China. This study was to report a rare repeatedly recurrent case of solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura with Doege-Potter syndrome diagnosed in China and a three-decade literature review of solitary fibrous tumor of ...
Eckhardt Robert B RB Laboratory for the Study of Morphology, Mechanics and Molecules, Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802; eyl@psu.edu - - 2014
The original centrally defining features of "Homo floresiensis" are based on bones represented only in the single specimen LB1. Initial published values of 380-mL endocranial volume and 1.06-m stature are markedly lower than later attempts to confirm them, and facial asymmetry originally unreported, then denied, has been established by our ...
Knight-Madden Jennifer M JM Sickle Cell Unit, Tropical Medicine Research Institute, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, - - 2014
Bronchodilators are used to treat bronchial hyper-responsiveness in asthma. Bronchial hyper-responsiveness may be a component of acute chest syndrome in people with sickle cell disease. Therefore, bronchodilators may be useful in the treatment of acute chest syndrome. To assess the benefits and risks associated with the use of bronchodilators in ...
Williams Phoebe P Kids Cancer Centre, Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, - - 2014
The neurocristopathy syndrome occurs because of a germline mutation of the paired-like homeobox 2b (PHOX2B) gene at 4p12, a neurogenesis regulator gene. The result is abnormal neural crest cell development resulting in congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, Hirschsprung disease, and neuroblastoma (NB), which is often multifocal and disseminated in its presentation. ...
- - 2014
The authors (Christina Jeanneret, Markus Aschwanden and Daniel Staub) would like to highlight the following correction to their review article, DOI: 10.1177/0268355514529212. The review was printed in Phlebology 2014; 29(1S): 71-77. The authors would like to apologise for any inconvenience the change will cause.
Nanda Arti A *As'ad Al-Hamad Dermatology Center, Al-Sabah Hospital, Kuwait, Kuwait; and †Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, - - 2014
: The association of noninfectious cutaneous granulomas with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) is a rare but well-recognized phenomenon. With the recent advent of new classification and broadening of the list of PIDs, there is now ever-growing number of PIDs having being reported with noninfectious cutaneous granulomas or granulomatous tissue reactions. ...
Martín-Santiago A A Department of Dermatology, Son Espases University Hospital, Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome (CM-AVM) is associated with multifocal small CMs and a high risk for high-flow lesions. It is an autosomal dominant disorder, caused by RASA1 gene mutations. Recently, two novel clinical features have been identified: numerous small pale halos with central punctate red spots and nevus anemicus. To ...
Quiles Juan J Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario San Juan de Alicante, San Juan de Alicante, Alicante, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease is the main health problem in Europe and the rest of the world and is the leading cause of death and health care expenditure. By reducing mortality and ischemic event recurrence, prevention strategies play a fundamental role in patients who have had an acute coronary syndrome. Although these ...
White Klane K KK Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA, - - 2014
Musculoskeletal involvement in Morquio A syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis IVA; MPS IVA) contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality. While the spinal manifestations of the disorder have received considerable attention in the literature, there have been few reported studies to date to guide the management of the orthopedic problems associated with the lower ...
Bassi Nikhil N Department of Cardiology and Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
All five components of Metabolic Syndrome have been shown to improve with lifestyle and diet modification. New strategies for achieving adherence to meaningful lifestyle change are needed to optimize atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk reduction. We performed a systematic literature review, based on the PRISMA framework (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews ...
Shah Christopher T CT *Department of Ophthalmology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, U.S.A.; and †Artificial Eye Clinic of Washington, DC Vienna, Virginia, - - 2014
To review and summarize current management of anophthalmic syndrome-enophthalmos, superior sulcus syndrome, lower eyelid laxity, and upper eyelid ptosis. The authors performed a PubMed search of all articles published in English on the management of anophthalmic socket syndrome. A review of 37 articles demonstrated that anophthalmic syndrome occurs in a ...
Guo Michael H MH Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., - - 2014
Background/Aims: Short stature is a common reason for presentation to pediatric endocrinology clinics. However, for most patients, no cause for the short stature can be identified. As genetics plays a strong role in height, we sought to identify known and novel genetic causes of short stature. Methods: We recruited 14 ...
de Solà-Morales Oriol O Institut Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili (IISPV), Reus, España; Health Institute for Technology Transfer (HITT), Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Urea has been recently proposed for the management of hyponatremia linked to the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH (SIADH). The objective of the study was to review the levels of evidence for treatment of hyponatremia associated with SIADH with urea. We performed a: systematic review of experimental trials and ...
Wang Z Z Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
Zhen Wang and Zhenqiang Fu contributed equally to this report.Moyamoya syndrome is a term applied to typical moyamoya vasculopathy with well-recognized associated conditions. Several systematic studies on the entities of moyamoya syndrome with autoimmune disease have been reported. We report a case of moyamoya syndrome with antiphospholipid antibodies and provide ...
Lee Christopher C aDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles bDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Los Angeles cDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Memorial Care Health System, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Compartment syndrome does not always present classically in the pediatric population, making clinical diagnosis uniquely challenging. The purpose of this study was to identify signs and symptoms of compartment syndrome that may help risk-stratify pediatric patients upon presentation, as well as to report outcomes of 'silent' compartment syndrome in children. ...
Nishishinya Maria B MB Instituto Traumatológico Quirón, Barcelona, - - 2014
To identify risk and predictors of lymphoma or lymphoproliferative disease in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome. Articles were identified through a comprehensive search strategy in Medline, Embase and Cochrane CENTRAL. Studies had to investigate primary Sjögren syndrome patients, 18 years of age or older, with the goal of examining potential clinical, ...
Santos Pedro P Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Introduction. Pheochromocytomas (PHEO) and paragangliomas (PGL) are rare neuroendocrine tumors with an estimated occurrence of 2 to 5 patients per million per year and an incidence of about 1 per 100 000 in the general population. These tumors may arise sporadically or be associated to various syndromes, namely multiple endocrine ...
Banzato Alessandra A Department of Cardiac Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani, 2, 35128, Padova, Italy, - - 2014
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies associated with thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity. The antibodies mainly involved in this disorder are directed against β2-glycoprotein I (β2-GPI). β2-GPI plasma level is usually not reported in studies on APS, because it is not regarded as relevant to ...
Ootaki Yoshio Y Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
The most prominent long-term complication after the Ross procedure is the risk of autograft dilatation, and therefore its application in patients at increased perceived risk of autograft dilatation (those with bicuspid aortic valve disease, aortic insufficiency [AI] with dilated aorta, collagen vascular diseases such as Marfan syndrome) has been discouraged. ...
Spanemberg Juliana Cassol - - 2014
Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is a chronic disorder that predominately affects middle-aged women in the postmenopausal period. The condition is distinguished by burning symptoms of the oral mucosa and the absence of any clinical signs. The etiology of BMS is complex and it includes a variety of factors. Local, systemic ...
Ortiz-Basso Tomás T Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Delleman syndrome is an unusual entity, characterized by ocular cysts or microphthalmia, focal dermal anomalies and cerebral malformations. In the following article, we carry out a review of the disease and we present the case of a patient with microphthalmos and palpebral coloboma. As we could not put orbital expanders ...
Rajabally Yusuf A YA Regional Neuromuscular Clinic, Queen Elizabeth Neurosciences Centre, University Hospitals of Birmingham, , Birmingham, - - 2014
Serial electrophysiology has been suggested as essential for accurate diagnosis in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). However, whether more adapted electrophysiological criteria may allow a single study to be sufficient is unknown. We retrospectively reviewed records of 365 consecutive patients with GBS from Birmingham, UK, and Garches, France, admitted between 1998 and ...
Liakou Aikaterini I AI Departments of Dermatology, Venereology, Allergology and Immunology, Dessau Medical Center, Dessau, - - 2014
Keratosis pilaris and ulerythema ophryogenes (keratosis pilaris atrophicans faciei) are part of a group of hereditary disorders of hair follicle keratinization involving follicular inflammation and subsequent atrophy. Monosomy 18p refers to a chromosomal disorder resulting from the deletion of all or part of the short arm of chromosome 18. This ...
Killion Elizabeth E Division of Plastic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Vascular tumors and malformations are unique in that affected cells exhibit disrupted angiogenesis. The current treatment options often yield suboptimal results. New insight into the genetics and molecular basis of vascular anomalies may pave the way for potential development of targeted therapy. The authors review the genetic and molecular basis ...
Lalonde Donald H DH Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Dalhousie - - 2014
After studying this article, the participant should be able to: (1) Describe and apply the best current high-level evidence in carpal tunnel syndrome. (2) Design a treatment plan to offer tourniquet-free, sedation-free local anesthesia for patients who wish it or who are at high risk with sedation. (3) Describe the ...
Monen L L Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, the Netherlands; Department of Medical Health Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the many efforts to study the (patho)physiology of meconium release before delivery, it still remains an indistinct subject. Some studies have reported a relationship between hypoxia and MSAF, whilst others have not. The most common association found however, is between MSAF and the term of gestation. MEDLINE, EMBASE and ...
Shimamoto Takeshi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kurashiki Central Hospital, 1-1-1 Miwa, Kurashiki, Okayama, 710-8602, Japan, - - 2014
The malperfusion syndrome associated with acute aortic dissection draws attention because the clinical picture is very dramatic, and patients with malperfusion have poorer clinical outcomes. To improve surgical outcomes, the ischemic damages associated with organ malperfusion should be minimized by restoring perfusion as early as possible, which occasionally can hardly ...
Quevedo Henry C HC Tulane University, Heart and Vascular Institute, New Orleans, LA 70112. Electronic address: - - 2014
The left renal vein (LRV) entrapment syndrome is a rare condition. Here, we present a 22-year-old female presenting with recurrent nausea, vomiting, weight loss and evidence of the LRV compression by the superior mesenteric artery and the abdominal aorta. Hemodynamic assessment confirmed a pressure gradient of >3mmHg between the LRV ...
Yiş Uluç U 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Child Neurology, Dokuz Eylül University, School of Medicine, İzmir, - - 2014
In recent years, it has been suggested that defects in energy metabolism may accompany Prader Willi syndrome. Mutations in the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene have been commonly associated isolated mitochondrial myopathy and exercise intolerance, rarely with multisystem disorders. The authors describe a novel mutation (mt. 15209T>C) in mitochondrial cytochrome b ...
Chokar Gurjit G Department of Neurology, Harrogate District Foundation Trust, Harrogate, - - 2014
Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a rare condition characterised by progressive hemi-facial atrophy. Here we present a PRS case with alien-hand syndrome, which has not previously been described in adult onset disease. On the basis of the presumed auto-immune pathology of PRS we justify the treatment strategy we successfully used in ...
Nasser Bana A BA 1 Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Buridh, Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Iatrogenic Horner's syndrome is a rare complication that can occur after trauma, cervical central line insertion, chest tube insertion, and rarely following adult thoracic and neck surgery, especially in high risk patients with hypertension and diabetes. The majority of cases reported in the literature describe non-iatrogenic Horner's syndrome in adults ...
Kakaletsis Nikolaos N First Propedeutic Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Background: Sweet's syndrome (SS) is an acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis. It can occur as an idiopathic, drug-induced or malignancy-associated entity. SS is also seen in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) where it may present atypically, both clinically and histologically. In a few rare cases of MDS, lymphocytic infiltrates are the ...
Rendina Domenico D Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiometabolic alterations at least partly dependent on reduced insulin sensitivity and hyperinsulinemia that can have several renal implications. A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies available in the international literature in English language demonstrates that the metabolic syndrome occurrence is associated with a ...
Shao Lei L Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
This study aimed to review the available literature on vitreomacular traction (VMT) syndrome and propose the future study prospect in this field. The data used in this review were mainly obtained from articles listed in Medline and Pubmed (1970-2013). The search terms were "vitreomacular traction", "optical coherence tomography", "vitrectomy", and ...
Wiedel Noah - - 2014
The subclavian steal syndrome (SSS) refers to neurological symptoms that develop from a proximal subclavian artery occlusion. We present a case of an asymptomatic patient found to have subclavian steal (SS) on angiography. A brief literature review follows.
Lejay A A Department of Vascular Surgery and Kidney Transplantation University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France - - - 2014
Intermittent claudication is frequently encountered in vascular surgical practice in atherosclerotic patients. However, it may also be observed in a younger subset of patients without any cardiovascular risk factors and can represent a challenging diagnosis. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is rare but can cause intermittent claudication in young people. There ...
Antonoglou Georgios N GN Department of Periodontology and Geriatric Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, - - 2014
Keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs) are locally aggressive benign tumors which occur in the bones of both jaws with a high recurrence rate. The aim of the present study was to define and evaluate the post-treatment recurrence of KCOT lesions in non-syndromic and syndromic patients. A systematic review of the literature ...
Qi Xingshun X Department of Liver Disease and Digestive Interventional Radiology, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, - - 2014
We greatly appreciate Dr. Mancuso's interests in our work (1-2). We agree with the consideration that an earlier use of aggressive treatment might be necessary in selected cases due to a relatively high rate of death from Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) patients undergoing medical therapy alone (3). However, the accurate timing ...
da Silva Junior Geraldo Bezerra GB Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil; School of Medicine, Master in Collective Health, Health Sciences Center, University of Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania transmitted by insects of the genus Lutzomyia sp. or Phlebotomus sp. The main syndromes are cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis. This article reviews kidney involvement in cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis, highlighting the ...
Man Bik Ling BL Department of Medicine, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Herein we summarize the clinical presentation, treatment and outcome of neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We performed a systematic review of the neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of SLE reported in the English literature from 1970 to 2010 by a Medline search. The prevalence of neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations is 3.6% ...
Warth Ryan J RJ Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Symptomatic scapulothoracic disorders, such as painful scapular crepitus and/or bursitis, are uncommon; however, they can produce significant pain and disability in many patients. PURPOSE:To review the current knowledge pertaining to snapping scapula syndrome and to identify areas of further research that may be helpful to improve clinical outcomes and patient ...
Pier Danielle B DB Medical Genetics Unit, MassGeneral Hospital Children, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Current location: Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Neoplasia is uncommon in Turner syndrome, although there is some evidence that brain tumors are more common in Turner syndrome patients than in the general population. We describe a woman with Turner syndrome (45,X) with a meningioma, in whom a second neoplasia, basal cell carcinomas of the scalp and nose, ...
Patel Adesh A Department of Medicine, The University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, - - 2014
In clinical practice, nonallergic rhinosinusitis (rhinopathy) is a common diagnosis of exclusion. The Mucous Recirculation Syndrome is one incompletely defined condition that masquerades as nonallergic rhinopathy. Mucous recirculation syndrome, a curable condition, should be differentiated from nonallergic rhinopathy. The underdiagnosis of this condition is due in part to a lack ...
Wieker Henning H Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Luebeck, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ankyloglossia superior syndrome is a rare malformation that consists of a fibrous or osseous connection between the tip of the tongue and the hard palate, and additional congenital anomalies such as cleft palate, gastrointestinal malformations, and deformed limbs. We present the case of a 5-year-old boy with ankyloglossia superior syndrome ...
Akinosoglou K K Department of Internal Medicine, 5th floor, University General Hospital of Patras, 26504, Rio, Greece, - - 2014
Thymomas can present with a variety of paraneoplastic manifestations, mostly of autoimmune origin, including Good's syndrome when there is associated hypogammaglobulinemia. Although pure red cell aplasia is a recognised complication of thymoma, selective white cell aplasia is very rare, particularly in Good's syndrome. Lethal opportunistic infections are a feature of ...
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