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Milani Gregorio Paolo - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a potentially reversible clinicoradiologic syndrome characterized by headache, mental confusion, visual disturbances and seizures associated with posterior cerebral lesions on radiological imaging. Prompt treatment of this condition is mandatory to avoid severe irreversible complications. We report a 9-year-old boy with arterial hypertension and headache as ...
Neilson Derek D Division of Human Genetics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Heritable connective tissue disorders (HCTD) present with a wide array of findings, including headache. Because of their unusual substrate, headaches in HCTD can derive from both common and uncommon circumstances. Literature review. Ehlers-Danlos hypermobile type can be recognized by multiple joint findings and its tendency to progress to a multisystem ...
Zanigni Stefano S Center for Biomedicine, European Academy Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC) (Affiliated Institute of the University of Lübeck), Bozen/Bolzano, - - 2014
A higher prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in migraineurs has been reported in clinical samples and in two large-scale clinical trials performed on healthcare workers but general population-based studies on this topic are lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the association between migraine and RLS in ...
Sheikh Huma U HU Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Neurology, John R. Graham Headache Center, Harvard Medical School, 1153 Centre Street, Suite 4970, Boston, MA, 02130, USA, - - 2014
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is an important cause of headaches that can lead to other neurological complications, including stroke, if not recognized early. Over the past few years, there has been great progress in the recognition of this entity. However, there is still much to be learned about its ...
Evans Randolph W RW Baylor College of Medicine, 1200 Binz #1370, Houston, TX 77004, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Posttraumatic headaches are one of the most common and controversial secondary headache types. After mild head injury, more than 50% of people develop a postconcussion syndrome which has been controversial for more than 150 years. Headache is estimated as present in 30% to 90% of patients after mild head injury. Most ...
A V Pradeep P Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Medical Sciences & Hospital Sattur, Dharwad Karnataka, India - - 2014
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH) is a bilateral intraocular granulomatous panuveitis which is frequently associated with systemic manifestations such as meningismus, tinnitus, poliosis and vitiligo of autoimmune aetiology. Headache by itself, does not fulfill the diagnostic criteria and is insufficient for the diagnosis. A 22-year-old male presented with a 10 day history ...
Wilson Golder N GN Departments of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Texas Tech University Health Science Centers, Amarillo and Lubbock (Pediatrics), KinderGenome Pediatric Genetics, Dallas, - - 2014
Exome results are reported for two patients with connective tissue dysplasia, one refining a clinical diagnosis of Ehlers-Danlos to Marfan syndrome, the other suggesting arthrogryposis derived from maternofetal Stickler syndrome. Patient 1 had mutations in transthyretin (TTR), fibrillin (FBN1), and a calcium channel (CACNA1A) gene suggesting diagnoses of transthyretin amyloidosis, ...
Smit Roelof A J RA Department of Neurology, Haga Teaching Hospital, The Hague, The - - 2014
Though thyroid growths are considered to be a frequent cause of Horner's syndrome, concurrent headache attacks are not commonly seen. A 63-year-old woman presented with severe, daily occurring, unilateral headache attacks with ipsilateral Horner's syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging arteriography showed a multinodular goiter displacing the left common carotid artery. This ...
Finke Carsten C Department of Neurology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, - - 2014
Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis typically manifests as severe multistage neuropsychiatric syndrome. However, milder or incomplete forms of the disorder have been recognised. Here, we report on a patient with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with a clinical phenotype mimicking the syndrome of headache with neurological deficits and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocytosis (HaNDL). A ...
Doherty H H Department of Anaesthesia, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare neurological condition associated with a variety of underlying conditions, including preeclampsia. The headache associated with PRES may be indistinguishable from post-dural puncture headache, which may result in diagnostic delay. We report a case of PRES that was initially diagnosed as post-dural puncture ...
Morreale Manuela M Neuroimmunological Centre, Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Sapienza - University of Rome, Rome, Italy ; Neurosonological Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies - Section of Neurology, Sapienza - University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
Sjögren syndrome is an autoimmune disease involving mainly salivary and lacrimal glands. Beyond widely described PNS involvement, high variable prevalence of CNS manifestations ranging from 2.5 and 60% of all pSS patients has been reported, without specific syndrome definition. The aim of this cohort study was to evaluate the prevalence ...
Lenger Stacy M SM Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, - - 2014
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is characterized by thunderclap headache and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction, with or without other neurologic signs and symptoms. A 33-year-old woman presented 13 days postpartum with a 4-day history of multiple thunderclap headaches while in the recumbent position, prompting her to attempt to sleep while standing or ...
Paliwal Prakash R PR Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, National University Health System, - - 2014
Reversible cerebrovascular constriction syndrome (RCVS) presents with thunderclap headache and ischemic neurological deficits due to focal vasoconstrictions in major intracranial arteries. Reversibility of focal vasoconstrictions is the hallmark of RCVS. The commonest conditions associated with RCVS are a post-partum state and administration of vasoactive agents. We describe a series of ...
Smith Edward D ED 1Health and Wellness Services, Washington State University, Pullman, WA; 2UHZ Sports Medicine at Doctor's Hospital, Coral Gables, FL; and 3UNM Sports Medicine, Albuquerque, - - 2014
The physician who cares for athletes and physically active patients will encounter various headache syndromes. These symptoms can be debilitating and result in a spectrum of time away from the patient's exercise routines to death. Knowing key symptoms and signs of headache syndromes may lead to faster recovery and be ...
Mathur D D Department of Women's Anaesthesia, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, - - 2014
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare condition involving pituitary necrosis following either pituitary haemorrhage or infarction. Similarly, reversible cerebral vasoconstrictive syndrome is a cerebrovascular disorder characterised by diffuse, multifocal narrowing of cerebral arteries. Both may present with an acute, intense headache and associated neurological deficits. In postpartum women, these conditions should ...
Verma Rajesh R Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Pituitary apoplexy syndrome is characterised by acute neuro-ophthalmological features and usually occurs due to bleeding in a pituitary adenoma. It is an unusual presentation of tuberculoma, as only few similar cases have been reported previously. A 17-year-old girl presented with headache, vomiting, altered sensorium and vision loss. MRI of the ...
Salmasi Mehrzad M Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Department of Physiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The correlation of metabolic syndrome and migraine headache was evaluated in some previous studies. However there is no study that compared the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the patients with and without migraine. Control of coincidental factors such as metabolic syndrome reduces therapeutic resistance in migrainous patients. The aim of ...
Montague Emily E University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester, - - 2014
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (rCVS) is an important cause of acute severe headache that is poorly understood and under-recognised. It typically presents with recurrent thunderclap headaches and is characterised by multifocal, segmental constriction and dilatation of the cerebral arteries, shown by a 'string of beads' appearance, on cerebral angiography. We ...
Tsugawa Jun J Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, - - 2014
A 57-year-old woman was admitted with recurrent episodes of right frontal headache. Head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed extensive thickening and enhancement of the right frontal dura, muscle and fascia, as well as abnormal signal intensity and enhancement of bone marrow at the lesions. Synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis osteomyelitis (SAPHO) syndrome was diagnosed ...
Garg Jalaj - - 2013
Takotsubo syndrome (TS), also known as broken heart syndrome, is characterized by left ventricle apical ballooning with elevated cardiac biomarkers and electrocardiographic changes suggestive of an acute coronary syndrome (ie, ST-segment elevation, T wave inversions, and pathologic Q waves). We report a case of 54-year-old woman with medical history of ...
Lambru Giorgio - - 2013
Red Ear Syndrome (RES) is a very rare disorder, with approximately 100 published cases in the medical literature. Red ear (RE) episodes are characterised by unilateral or bilateral attacks of paroxysmal burning sensations and reddening of the external ear. The duration of these episodes ranges from a few seconds to ...
May Arne - - 2013
Although severe short-lasting headaches are rare, they can be considered disabling conditions with a major impact on the quality of life of patients. These headaches can divided broadly in to those associated with autonomic symptoms, so called trigeminal autonomic cephalgias (TACs), and those with few or no autonomic symptoms. The ...
Husain Qasim - - 2013
Idiopathic granulomatous hypophysitis (IGH) is an extremely rare chronic inflammatory lesion of the pituitary gland. This condition typically presents with chronic onset of headache and slow development of visual deficits. Pituitary apoplexy is a clinical syndrome characterized by sudden onset of headache, vision loss, opthalmoplegia, and signs of meningeal irritation. ...
Lee R - - 2013
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is an underdiagnosed condition which usually presents as severe headache with or without neurological deficit. We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who presented with headache and multifocal intracerebral haemorrhage. We review the literature regarding the presentation, pathophysiology and management of RCVS and discuss ...
Colin G C GC Department of Radiology, CHU Mont-Godinne, Yvoir, Belgium. - - 2013
We report the case of a giant cell arteritis (GCA) in an 81-year-old man who presented with headaches and a decreased general condition associated with an important inflammatory syndrome in laboratory analysis responding to corticotherapy. Color-duplex ultrasonography (CDU) features of temporal arteries obtained with a high frequency probe permits us ...
Rico María - - 2013
Convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage has been associated with different diseases, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and cerebral amyloid angiopathy being the 2 main causes. To investigate whether headache at onset is determinant in identifying the underlying etiology for convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage. After searching in the database of our hospital, 24 patients were ...
Ilik Faik - - 2013
Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS), named for Lewis Carroll's titular character, is a disorder characterized by transient episodes of visual hallucinations and perceptual distortions, during which objects or body parts are perceived as altered in various ways (metamorphopsia), including enlargement (macropsia) or reduction (micropsia) in the perceived size of a ...
Bain Jennifer - - 2013
Call-Fleming syndrome, also known as reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, is an important cause of severe headache characterized by segmental constriction of cerebral arteries in multiple vascular distributions. It is commonly described in adults, with a female predominance. We report a case of a 16-year-old girl with history of anxiety, attention ...
Winner Paul - - 2013
Periodic disorders of childhood often represent precursors of migraine. As we advance our knowledge of migraine and its complicated phenotypic presentation in childhood, we have noted the similarities in overlapping symptoms of children presenting with childhood periodic syndromes. There is often a positive family history of migraine in children that ...
Slaney Graham - - 2013
Our hypothesis is that symptoms of high altitude syndromes are detectable even at intermediate altitudes, as commonly encountered under Australian conditions (<2500m above sea level). High altitude medicine has long recognised several syndromes associated with rapid ascent to altitudes above 2500m, including high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE), high altitude cerebral ...
Skandhan Avni Kalangott Padmanabhan AK Department of Radiology, MIMS Kotakkal, Malappuram, Kerala, - - 2013
Call-Fleming syndrome is a part of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) group and is thought to be of idiopathic origin. It is classically described to be having multisegmental, focal vasospasms in the cerebral arteries. It is characterized clinically by the sudden onset of severe headache, classically described as thunderclap headache, ...
Picco Paolo P - - 2013
Red ear syndrome (RES), first described by Lance in 1996 in an adult series, may be primary or associated with headache syndromes, upper cervical disorders or vascular anomalies. Clinically the disease is characterised by recurrent episodes of reddening and burning pain in the auricle, usually elicited by different triggers. The ...
Wilbrink Leopoldine A - - 2013
To determine the prevalence and nature of trigeminal neuralgia in a large group of cluster headache patients. Cluster-tic syndrome is a rare headache syndrome in which trigeminal neuralgia and cluster headache co-occur. The existence of cluster-tic syndrome as a separate entity is questioned, and figures on prevalence of simultaneous existence ...
Collongues Nicolas - - 2013
We report the case of a 38-year-old woman with a history of migraine who experienced an association of recurrent unilateral facial pain and Pourfour du Petit syndrome. The episodes occurred for between a few seconds and up to 3 minutes up to 6 times a day mimicking short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform ...
Musuka T D - - 2013
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) syndrome is a rare primary headache syndrome first described in 1978. We report on a 43-year-old man with a 10 year history of SUNCT in whom a pituitary macroadenoma was eventually detected. His pain rapidly improved with medical treatment of ...
Leone Massimo - - 2013
The peripheral and central origin of pain in cluster headache (CH) and trigeminal autonomic cephalgias (TACs) has been matter of debate. In the last decade, a number of information came from both animal and human studies. This paper briefly highlights main data from these studies. Taken together, there is now ...
Tan Daniel Yh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache associated with conjunctival injection and tearing or SUNCT syndrome was first described in the 1970s. This paper is the first in the literature that describes the successful use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) using a non-invasive frameless technique, targeting both the trigeminal nerve and the ...
Lambru Giorgio - - 2013
Red ear syndrome (RES) is characterised by attacks of unilateral or bilateral burning ear pain associated with erythema. Primary and secondary forms have been described. Primary RES appears to have a frequent association with primary headaches especially migraine. Here, we describe the case of a woman with short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform ...
Filina Tatiana - - 2013
We report a 16-year-old adolescent with 2 episodes of focal neurological deficits, pseudomigrainous headache, and lymphocytic pleocytosis due to the syndrome of transient headache and neurological deficits with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocytosis (HaNDL), also known as pseudomigraine with CSF pleocytosis. Review of the literature identifies 13 additional cases of HaNDL ...
Huang Hung Yu - - 2013
Sturge-Weber syndrome is known to be associated with migraine attacks and prolong aura even without cerebral infarction. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with type III Sturge-Weber syndrome developing with prolonged left homonymous hemianopsia after an intractable migraine-like headache and becoming a permanent visual field defect at 18-month ...
Donohoe Charles D - - 2013
The most critical element in headache evaluation is the history. The targeted history differentiates primary from secondary headaches and provides a realistic list of conditions associated with secondary headache. Several of these conditions present with specific physical findings, such as papilledema, Horner's syndrome, or a cranial nerve palsy. The targeted ...
Rodgers Shaun D - - 2013
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) syndrome is classified under trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. This rare headache syndrome is infrequently associated with secondary pathologies. In this paper the authors report on a patient with paroxysmal left retroorbital pain with associated autonomic symptoms of ipsilateral conjunctival injection ...
Armstrong Amy E - - 2013
SMART syndrome (stroke-like migraine attacks after radiation therapy) is a rare condition that involves complex migraines with focal neurologic findings in patients following cranial irradiation for central nervous system malignancies. Little is known about the mechanisms behind the disorder, making successful treatment challenging. We report 2 new cases of SMART ...
Schetzek Stefanie - - 2013
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used by both physicians and patients with primary headache syndromes. Despite a considerable number of articles addressing CAM in primary headache syndromes, the overall evidence for CAM is still poor. The aim of this review was to give an overview of the current ...
Neto Angelo Raimundo da Silva - - 2013
Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) Type VI, or Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome, is characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme arylsulfatase B (ASB). In patients with this disorder, craniocervical compression, carpal tunnel syndrome, and communicating hydrocephalus are common. Traditionally, hydrocephalus occurring in patients with MPS VI has been treated with shunt placements. Considering obstruction of ...
Albayram Sait - - 2013
Chronic headache is known to be aggravated by fasting and fasting even triggers headache among those not suffering from chronic headache. Headache is also aggravated during Ramadan in which Muslim people do not eat, drink, or smoke from dawn to sunset for about one month in a year. Headaches mainly ...
Queiroz Luiz P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND.: Some headache syndromes have few cases reported in the literature. Their clinical characteristics, pathogenesis, and treatment may have not been completely defined. They may not actually be uncommon but rather under-recognized and/or underreported. METHODS.: A literature review of unusual headache syndromes, searching PubMed and ISI Web of Knowledge, was ...
Smitherman Adam Derik - - 2013
A 24-year-old man with a history of Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome presented with severe headache and neck pain. Work-up revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage and evidence of multiple intracranial aneurysms. The patient was treated with open surgical clipping of his ruptured aneurysm and is currently doing well.
Desai Purav - - 2013
Headache and seizures are common presentations to the acute medical unit. We report a case of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in a 73 yr old woman with a history of uncontrolled hypertension who had recently discontinued one of her antihypertensive drugs; such cases are rare but pose a diagnostic ...
Davies G - - 2013
The reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is characterised by thunderclap headache and multifocal vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries on angiography. It is often drug induced, but it can occur postpartum, and as a result of a number of other precipitants. To make the diagnosis, it is necessary to exclude other causes ...
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