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Wong Ramsey Kara N KN Department of Pediatrics, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, - - 2014
There is limited information available related to the perinatal course of cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (CFC) compared to other syndromes within the Ras-MAP kinase pathway (rasopathies) such as Noonan and Costello syndrome. Retrospective chart review revealed four cases of CFC with molecular confirmation between 2005 and 2012 at Hawaii's largest obstetric and ...
Mayer D D Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland - - - 2014
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are frequently encountered in patients treated for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA) and carry a high morbidity and mortality risk. Despite these facts, IAH/ACS are still overlooked by many physicians, timely diagnosis is missed and treatment often inadequate. All staff involved in ...
Wu Xiaochen - - 2014
Cantrell syndrome is a rare syndrome of congenital defects, which can be complicated by severe pulmonary hypertension and left ventricular diverticulum; it has proved difficult to treat in clinical practice. A 6-month-old Han Chinese baby girl weighing 3.5kg was diagnosed, using ultrasonography and radiography, as having Cantrell syndrome complicated by ...
Said Sarmad - - 2014
Over the last decade advanced therapies for the management of pulmonary arterial hypertension have been introduced. These agents have also been effective in reducing pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome. Specific guidelines focusing on modern therapies for Eisenmenger syndrome however do not exist to date. More recently, clinical ...
Joos Zachary P ZP Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences (ZPJ, O-OOA, BJK) and Neurology (BJK), University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
: We present the magnetic resonance imaging findings of posterior ischemic optic neuropathy in a patient with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome secondary to hypertensive emergency.
Bolognesi Massimo M Massimo Bolognesi, Marco Di Pascoli, Alberto Verardo, Angelo Gatta, Department of Internal Medicine-DIMED, University of Padua, Azienda Ospedaliera Università di Padova, 35128 Padova, - - 2014
Portal hypertension is a clinical syndrome which leads to several clinical complications, such as the formation and rupture of esophageal and/or gastric varices, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy and hepato-renal syndrome. In cirrhosis, the primary cause of the increase in portal pressure is the enhanced resistance to portal outflow. However, also an ...
Siomou Ekaterini E Departments of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Ioannina, Stavros Niarchos Avenue, 45 500, Ioannina, Greece, - - 2014
Arterial hypertension (AHT) is a common finding in children with Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). Although cardiovascular and renal abnormalities can explain the AHT in some patients with WBS, its etiology is not fully understood and most cases are considered idiopathic. The case is reported of a 10-year-old girl with WBS who ...
Yan Zhongrui Z 1 Department of Neurology, Jining First People's Hospital , Shandong, China - - 2014
Abstract Background: The relationship between the metabolic syndrome and subclinical atherosclerosis among elderly people remains controversial. We seek to investigate the associations of metabolic syndrome and its components with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in older people living in rural China. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 911 participants (age ≥60 years, 59.4% ...
Oosterlinck Wouter W Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Research Unit of experimental cardiac surgery, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
The deadly quartet of the metabolic syndrome includes obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, an atherogenic lipid profile and hypertension. The synergistic effects of these comorbidities lead to a combination of functional and structural cardiomyocyte changes and finally result in a global adverse remodeling process. Overall cardiovascular outcome is significantly impaired. Furthermore, ...
Samson Susan L SL Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, ABBR R615, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome is not a disease per se, but is a term that highlights traits that may have an increased risk of disease, approximately 2-fold for cardiovascular disease and 5-fold or more for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Obesity and insulin resistance are believed to be at the core of most ...
Marra A A Department of Neuroscienze e Scienze riproduttive ed Odontostomatologiche-Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University of Naples "Federico II", Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterised by headache, visual disorders, seizures, altered mentation, consciousness disturbances and focal neurological signs. Initially described in patients with pre and eclampsia, severe hypertension, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome can occur in other clinical conditions such as infection, sepsis, shock, cancer chemotherapy, autoimmune diseases and ...
Zwagerman Nathan T NT Department of Neurological Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
The development of Moyamoya syndrome (MMS) after cranial irradiation for pediatric tumors has been well established. However, information on the development of MMS after proton beam radiotherapy is sparse. We present the case of a 2-year-old child who developed radiation-induced MMS after treatment with proton beam therapy. Pediatr Blood Cancer ...
De Vecchis R R Cardiology Unit, Presidio Sanitario Intermedio "Elena d'Aosta" Naples, Italy - - - 2014
The authors summarize some current views regarding the pharmacologic therapies of hepatorenal and cardiorenal syndromes, respectively. A common pathogenetic background of the two edematous disorders is outlined, consisting in reduced effective blood arterial volume ‑ due to the splanchnic vasodilation in the hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) and to the fall in ...
Calcaterra Valeria V 1 Department of Internal Medicine University of Pavia and Department of the Mother and Child Health , Pediatric Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Pavia, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Background: An increased relative risk of diabetes, ischemic heart disease, atherosclerosis, and hypertension have been reported in Turner syndrome (TS) patients. No data are currently available on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in TS subjects. We evaluated the frequency of metabolic syndrome in obese and nonobese patients with TS. ...
Kinoshita Shunsuke S Department of General Internal Medicine, Saitama Medical University , Saitama , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Aim: Recently, obesity patients have been diagnosed as metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate which angiotensin type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs), telmisartan or candesartan, is superior for the control of home blood pressure (BP) in the morning when the outpatient clinic BP was well controlled ...
Minakami Hisanori H Department of Obstetrics, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2014
As proposed criteria (Swansea criteria) for the diagnosis of acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) do not include antithrombin (AT) activity, diagnosis of AFLP may be delayed. The aim of this review is to underscore problems in the differential diagnosis of AFLP and the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes ...
Eto Koki - - 2014
Surgicel, an absorbable haemostat, is widely used in cardiovascular surgery. An 81-year-old woman, who was diagnosed with ischaemic mitral regurgitation, underwent mitral valve plasty and coronary artery bypass grafting. On postoperative day two, her superior vena cava (SVC) pressure gradually rose to 38 mmHg and she developed low output syndrome. ...
Hamm Christian W CW Kerckhoff Heart and Thoraxcenter, Bad Nauheim, - - 2014
Patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remain a challenging medical condition with potential in improving outcome despite major advances over recent years. During the year 2013, progress has been made with respect to a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms and diagnosing ACS. In addition, new studies provided fundamental ...
Liebeskind David S DS UCLA Stroke Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nephrotic syndrome refers to excessive proteinuria, with associated hypoalbuminemia, edema, and hyperlipidemia. A diverse spectrum of disorders has been associated with nephrotic syndrome and related neurologic complications, although the relative infrequency of these cases limits conclusive associations. Neurologic manifestations of nephrotic syndrome may result from hypoproteinemia, hypercoagulability, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, amyloid ...
Lamy C C Department of Neurology, Université Paris Descartes, Hôpital Sainte-Anne, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a recently proposed cliniconeuroradiologic entity with several well-known causes, such as hypertensive encephalopathy, eclampsia, and the use of cytotoxic and immunosuppressive drugs, as well as some causes more recently described. PRES is characterized by neuroimaging findings of reversible vasogenic subcortical edema without infarction. The ...
Goyal Nishant N Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, - - 2014
GAPO syndrome stands for growth retardation (G), alopecia (A), pseudoanodontia (P) and optic atrophy (O). To date, only about 35 cases of this extremely rare syndrome have been reported. Craniosynostosis/craniostenosis is a condition with an abnormal head shape due to premature fusion of the calvarial sutures and can be either ...
Hunt Leanne - - 2014
Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) are at risk of developing of intra abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).Aim: This review seeks to define IAH and ACS, identify the aetiology and presentation of IAH and ACS, identify IAP measurement techniques, identify current management and discuss the implications ...
Shah Reena R Yeovil District Hospital, Yeovil, - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-neuroradiological syndrome characterized by various symptoms of neurological disease. It has commonly been reported in association with acute hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, sepsis, and exposure to immunosuppressants. Here, we report on a normotensive woman who developed a severe frontal headache, visual disturbances, and hypertension ...
Wang Jie J Department of Cardiology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100053, - - 2014
Background. To simplify traditional Chinese medicine syndrome differentiation and allow researchers to master syndrome differentiation for hypertension, this paper retrospectively studied the literature and analyzed syndrome elements corresponding to hypertension syndromes. Methods. Six databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese Bio-Medical Literature Database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, and ...
Al Rukban Hadeel H Department of Pediatrics, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Infantile scimitar syndrome is a rare condition, with most of the literature reports being limited to case reports and a few case series. The aim of this study was to review patients with infantile scimitar syndrome who presented to our hospital from July 2000 to January 2011. In this retrospective ...
Kulkarni Ranganath R RR Department of Psychiatry, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara (SDM) College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, - - 2014
Depressive symptoms are common in neurological diseases, at times posing dilemma in organic or functional origin. Cerebrovascular disease may predispose, precipitate, or perpetuate some geriatric depressive syndromes that resemble primary depressions both clinically and therapeutically in about half of the patients following acute stroke. Terson's syndrome is the direct occurrence ...
Ma Hong Yun HY From the *Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY; †Department of Radiology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT; and ‡Department of Radiology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, - - 2013
There are many causes of cerebrospinal (CSF) leaks. Most cases are secondary to blunt trauma and iatrogenic trauma caused by postoperative sequelae. Occasionally, CSF leakage may occur from nontraumatic or "spontaneous" causes, such as benign intracranial hypertension and "empty sella syndrome." Mass effect due to an encephalocele or meningocele may ...
Rastogi P - - 2013
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are conditions that commonly manifest in critically ill patients. These conditions are associated with a multiplicity of pathophysiological perturbations. The authors of this study retrospectively reviewed literature relating to IAH and ACS published in the last two decades to consolidate an understanding ...
You Zhipeng - - 2013
The metabolic syndrome is defined by the presence of hyperlipidemia, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. The syndrome is associated with significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of the vasoactive peptide urotensin II (UII) in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome. We ...
Slanovic-Kuzmanović Zorana - - 2013
Abstract Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a chronic, multi-component disease characterised by central obesity, hyperglycaemia, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension. Since MetS leads to type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, development of certain cancers, and eventually to premature death, it is not surprising that it draws the attention of scientists around the world. The ...
Casadei Gardini Andrea - - 2013
Systemic capillary leak syndrome is a rare disease with a high mortality rate. This syndrome is characterised by generalised edema, hypotension, hemoconcentration, and hypoproteinemia. The cause is the sudden onset of capillary hyperpermeability with extravasations of plasma from the intravascular to the extravascular compartment. We present the case of a ...
Kurian Michelle - - 2013
We offer for consideration a possible association between hypermobility syndrome seen in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and risk of potential development of idiopathic intracranial hypertension - mediated primarily through the effects of insulin-like growth factor-1.
Kozel Beth A - - 2013
Williams syndrome is caused by the deletion of 26 to 28 genes, including elastin, on human chromosome 7. Elastin insufficiency leads to the cardiovascular hallmarks of this condition, namely focal stenosis and hypertension. Extrapolation from the Eln(+/-) mouse suggests that affected people may also have stiff vasculature, a risk factor ...
Grossbach Andrew J - - 2013
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a well characterized entity resulting from the inability of cerebral autoregulation to adequately protect the brain from uncontrolled hypertension. It primarily affects the occipital lobes, but can also involve the structures in the posterior fossa including the brainstem and cerebellum. Treatment usually consists of ...
Miranda Maria L - - 2013
Increased plasma levels of circulating cell-free DNA (c-f DNA) have been recently described in diseases related to ischemia and/or hypoxia. Preeclampsia (PCL) is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, of unknown origin, where a defective placentation resulting in placental ischemia plays an important role. HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and ...
Park Joong Hyun - - 2013
Objectives- We measured the carotid intima-media thickness, a surrogate marker of early atherosclerosis, in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome compared to a control group to evaluate the risk of atherosclerotic disease. Methods- Between January 2011 and December 2011, female patients presenting to the outpatient neurology clinic for pain and paresthesia ...
Bisogni Valeria - - 2013
The glicyrrhizic acid, contained in licorice, has a mineralcorticoid-like effect. Chronic excess intake of licorice induces the rare syndrome of "apparent mineralcorticoid excess", due to the inhibitory effect of glicyrrhizic acid on 11 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 determining clinical/biochemical manifestations as resistant hypertension, metabolic alkalosis and severe hypokalemia. We report ...
Rivera Henry - - 2013
HUPRA syndrome is a rare mitochondrial disease characterized by hyperuricemia, pulmonary hypertension, renal failure in infancy and alkalosis. This syndrome was previously described in three patients with a homozygous mutation c.1169A > G (p.D390G) in SARS2, encoding the mitochondrial seryl-tRNA synthetase. Here we report the clinical and genetic findings in ...
Wang Shu-Hui SH Shu-hui Wang, Department of Neurology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2013
Miller Fisher's syndrome (MFS) commonly presents in the fourth and fifth decades and are rare in people over 70 years. An 85-year-old female with no significant medical history presented with upper extremity anesthesia, ptosis, and unsteady gait. The patient had a history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Physical examination showed ...
Friedman Deborah I - - 2013
The pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) may be primary (idiopathic intracranial hypertension) or arise from an identifiable secondary cause. Characterization of typical neuroimaging abnormalities, clarification of normal opening pressure in children, and features distinguishing the syndrome of intracranial hypertension without papilledema from intracranial hypertension with papilledema have furthered our understanding of ...
Kumar Senthil Arun - - 2013
Seaweeds are a characteristic part of the traditional diet in countries such as Japan and Korea; these countries also have a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome than countries such as the USA and Australia. This suggests that seaweeds may contain compounds that reduce the characteristic signs of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, ...
Su Sheng-An - - 2013
Inflammation plays an important role in atherosclerosis, which is also crucial for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Recent studies have revealed that interleukin (IL)-17, which was regarded as a pro-inflammatory cytokine, has a dual function in the progress of ACS. In this review, we sum up both experimental and clinical studies ...
Sengwayo D - - 2013
Hyperhomocysteinaemia and the metabolic syndrome are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated whether there is a link between the metabolic syndrome or its components and homocysteine levels in a population without cardiovascular disease. From the population sample of 382 participants (286 females and 96 males) we isolated those reflecting ...
Fervenza Fernando C - - 2013
A young male is evaluated for nephrotic-range proteinuria, hypercalciuria, and an elevated serum creatinine. A renal biopsy is performed and shows focal global glomerulosclerosis. The absence of nephrotic syndrome suggest that glomerulosclerosis was a secondary process. Further analysis of the proteinuria showed it to be due mainly to low-molecular weight ...
Hwang Ji-An - - 2013
A 65 year-old female with a history of xerostomia and xerophthalmia was presented with dyspnea on exertion (New York Heart Association class III). Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization demonstrated severe pulmonary hypertension (PH). Laboratory examinations showed positive anti-nuclear and anti-Ro/SS-A antibodies. Schirmer's test was positive and salivary gland scintigraphy revealed severely ...
Leon Maria Magdalena MM Discipline of Medical Semiology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Grigore T. Popa- - - 2013
In recent years, the metabolic syndrome represents a major health problem worldwide, with a great impact in population, and also at individual level, by an increased prevalence of cardiovascular risk. We conducted a descriptive study on a lot of 131 patients hospitalized in Cardiovascular Clinic of Rehabilitation Hospital in Iasi, ...
Cui Rong Tai - - 2013
The characteristics of ascites in patients with POEMS syndrome, which comprise polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein, and skin changes, are unknown. We described the frequency of ascites at presentation of POEMS syndrome and further evaluated for the pathogenesis and nature of the ascites. One hundred and six consecutive patients with ...
Dhooria Gurdeep Singh - - 2013
Patients with renal tubular acidosis (RTA) usually have tubular or low molecular weight proteinuria. The authors present a rare case of a 6-y-old girl with Fanconi syndrome secondary to cystinosis, who at presentation had nephrotic range proteinuria along with rickets and failure to thrive. Although hypoalbuminemia and massive proteinuria are ...
Kamath Binita M BM The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, - - 2013
Alagille syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with variable multisystem organ involvement that is caused by mutations in one of two genes in the Notch signalling pathway, JAG1 or NOTCH2. Alagille syndrome is characterized by bile duct paucity, along with at least three of the following features: cholestasis, cardiac defects, ...
Glover Mark - - 2013
Human blood-pressure is dependent on balancing dietary salt intake with its excretion by the kidney. Mendelian-syndromes of altered blood pressure demonstrate the importance of the distal nephron in this process and of the thiazide-sensitive pathway in particular. Gordon-Syndrome(GS), the phenotypic inverse of the salt-wasting Gitelman syndrome, is a condition of ...
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