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Albert A A Institut Monégasque de Médecine et Chirurgie Sportive (IM2S), 11, avenue d'Ostende, 98000, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Long second-toe syndrome, although frequent and disabling, has been little described. Current surgical techniques often lead to loss of function. Based on anatomical and biomechanical observations, the present study reports a second phalanx shortening osteotomy technique. The procedure is relatively non-invasive, involving self-stabilizing segment resection osteotomy of the second phalanx. ...
Sauder Katherine A KA Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, - - 2014
Endothelial dysfunction is an important contributor to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. However, routine assessment via angiography or flow-mediated dilation is difficult due to technical limitations. Peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) is a promising alternative method for non-invasive assessment of endothelial dysfunction. This study assessed the test-retest reliability of PAT in adults ...
Hollier Carly A CA Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Level 11, Building 75 Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Missenden Road Camperdown NSW 2050 Australia; Clinical and Rehabilitation Sciences Research Group Faculty of Health Sciences The University of Sydney Cumberland Campus C42 75 East Street Lidcombe NSW 2141 Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Validation of respiratory inductive plethysmography (LifeShirt system) (RIPLS) for tidal volume (VT), minute ventilation (V˙E), and respiratory frequency (ƒB) was performed among people with untreated obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) and controls. Measures were obtained simultaneously from RIPLS and a spirometer during two tests, and compared using Bland Altman analysis. Among ...
Zerati Antonio Eduardo AE Hospital das Clínicas, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
In patients with peripheral arterial disease, metabolic syndrome is associated with less favorable evolution of intermittent claudication. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in claudicant patients using the IDF and the NCEP-ATPIII criteria, and to assess the level of agreement between the two ...
Bhavsar Chintan C Department of Skin and VD Baroda Medical College SSG Hospital Vadodara, Gujarat, - - 2014
To validate syndromic management of cases having genital ulcerative disease (GUD) and urethral discharge syndrome (UDS). A study of 113 cases of GUD and UDS was carried out in the Department of Skin and VD from March 2011 to August 2012. All cases having history and clinical evidence suggestive of ...
Serrano Erica Vieira - - 2013
The EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI) is an index of primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS) systemic activity. To perform the ESSDAI transcultural adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese. This was a cross-sectional study with 62 patients with PSS according to the criteria of the 2002 American-European Consensus. Six stages were conducted: ...
Botha Hugo - - 2013
Some patients with progressive supranuclear palsy syndrome (PSPS) demonstrate a focal area of midbrain hypometabolism on FDG-PET scans which we call the 'pimple sign'. We assessed its association with midbrain atrophy, its reliability and its ability to differentiate PSPS from corticobasal syndrome (CBS) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). We identified ...
Li Polly Wc - - 2013
Background:A systematic method of symptom assessment in patients with acute coronary syndromes is important for disease recognition and initiation of early treatment. However, such assessment in Chinese people is hindered by the lack of a psychometrically sound instrument.Aims:To develop the Chinese version of the Symptoms of Acute Coronary Syndromes Inventory ...
Raja Michele M via Prisciano 26, Rome, - - 2013
The most reliable biographies of Mozart highlight elements that are compatible with current diagnostic criteria for Asperger syndrome including qualitative impairment in social interaction and stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms. Furthermore, numerous features are documented including difficulty in communicating his emotional state and in inferring the mental state of his ...
Santen Gijs W E - - 2013
De novo germline variants in several components of the SWI/SNF-like BAF complex can cause Coffin-Siris syndrome (CSS), Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome (NCBRS) and non-syndromic intellectual disability. We screened 63 patients with a clinical diagnosis of CSS for these genes (ARID1A, ARID1B, SMARCA2, SMARCA4, SMARCB1 and SMARCE1) and identified pathogenic variants in 45 ...
Inoue Yuichi - - 2013
This study was conducted to verify the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Japanese version of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group Rating Scale for restless legs syndrome (J-IRLS) as a sub-study of a clinical trial of pramipexole against restless legs syndrome. After evaluating the test-retest reliability, concurrent validity ...
Wang Yan - - 2013
To develop a reliable and specific method for rapid prenatal diagnosis of Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). We established a dual color competitive fluorescent Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) to measure the gene dosage of Down syndrome critical region (DSCR), a single copy sequence in chromosome 21. Another unique single copy sequence ...
Werner Robert A - - 2013
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and ulnar mononeuropathies at the elbow and wrist are the most common nerve entrapments in the upper extremities. Electrodiagnostic studies are a valid and reliable means of confirming the clinical diagnosis. This review addresses various electrodiagnostic techniques to evaluate the median and ulnar nerves at the ...
Finestack Lizbeth H - - 2013
ABSTRACT This study compared the receptive and expressive language profiles of verbally expressive children and adolescents with Down Syndrome (DS) and those with Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and examined the extent to which these profiles reliably differentiate the diagnostic groups. A total of twenty-four verbal participants with DS (mean age: ...
Gardner Andrew W AW CMRI Diabetes and Metabolic Research Program, Harold Hamm Diabetes Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73117, USA. - - 2013
To compare daily ambulatory measures in children, adolescents, and young adults with and without metabolic syndrome and to assess which metabolic syndrome components, demographic measures, and body composition measures are associated with daily ambulatory measures. Two-hundred fifty subjects between the ages of 10 and 30 yr were assessed on metabolic ...
Rodríguez Mantilla Jesús Miguel - - 2012
This paper is part of a research done on Burnout Syndrome, and its objective is to develop and validate an instrument for measuring the syndrome in Secondary School teachers, taking as a principal starting point Maslach, Schaufeli, and Leiter's theory (2001). After developing and testing the instrument on a sample ...
Cremers M Isabelle - - 2012
See article in J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2012; 27: 1490-1497.
Loveday Sarah J - - 2012
Aim  Children with Down syndrome have an increased prevalence of obesity, although there is little work describing body composition in this population. The aims of this study were to accurately measure body fat in children with Down syndrome and to identify which existing algorithm best predicts percentage body fat in ...
Alemzadeh Ramin - - 2012
Abstract Background: 25-Hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and parathyroid hormone (PTH) have been shown to correlate with several markers of metabolic syndrome in adult populations. We evaluated the relationship between circulating intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and 25(OH)D and indices of metabolic syndrome in obese adolescents. Methods: Body mass index (BMI), body composition, ...
Khosravi-Boroujeni Hossein - - 2012
Background: Few data are available linking intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, findings from these studies are inconsistent and most are from Western societies; no information is available in this regard from Middle Eastern populations. Objective : This study was conducted to assess the relationship between ...
Harville Emily W EW Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome has been called a "small baby syndrome," but other analyses suggest that postnatal growth is more important than birthweight, or that large babies are also at risk. The aim of this analysis was to examine whether there was a relationship between both low and high birthweight and metabolic ...
Maki Kevin C - - 2012
Abstract Background: Previous reports have shown that metabolic syndrome and some metabolic syndrome components are associated with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. Methods: Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), 2003-2006, we evaluated the associations of vitamin D intake (n=3543) and vitamin D status [25(OH)D; n=3529], with the prevalence ...
Almoosawi S S MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
Diet is a key modifiable factor in the prevention and treatment of the metabolic syndrome. However, few studies have examined the prospective association between time-of-day of nutrient intake and the metabolic syndrome. To examine the association between time-of-day and nutrient composition of eating occasions and the long-term development of metabolic ...
van der Meer Rutger W - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome has become an important public health problem and has reached epidemic proportions globally. Metabolic syndrome is characterized by a cluster of metabolic abnormalities in an individual, with insulin resistance as the main characteristic. The major adverse consequence of metabolic syndrome is cardiovascular disease, which is often already present ...
Dajani Rana - - 2012
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and exhibits variation among ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to estimate and compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components between two ethnic groups (Circassians and Chechens) in Jordan and the original inhabitants of Jordan. Data were collected ...
Liu Chun-Jen - - 2012
Fatty liver (hepatic steatosis) is prevalent in industrialised countries. It is typically linked to obesity, central obesity and the presence of metabolic syndrome. With the introduction of a westernized lifestyle and the increasing frequency of obesity in the Asia-Pacific region, the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been ...
Vantyghem Marie-Christine - - 2012
The spectrum of adipose tissue diseases ranges from obesity to lipodystrophy, and is accompanied by insulin resistance syndrome, which promotes the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular complications. Lipodystrophy refers to a group of rare diseases characterized by the generalized or partial absence of adipose tissue, and occurs ...
Vykoukal Daynene - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in vascular patients and has a significant impact on the outcomes of vascular interventions. It comprises of a set of metabolically driven risk factors, including truncal obesity, dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure and elevated fasting blood glucose. Increased insulin resistance within the context of obesity and ...
Maligie Marybeth - - 2012
To assess fat distribution, prevalence of obesity, and the metabolic syndrome among diverse 6-13-year-old Colorado youth to better understand racial/ethnic influences on adiposity and metabolic syndrome. We measured body mass index, subscapular-to-triceps skinfold ratio, waist circumference, dietary fat, and physical activity in 422 youth (47% non-Hispanic White, 44% Hispanic, and ...
Neuhouser Marian L - - 2012
Nutrition plays an important role in metabolic syndrome etiology. We examined whether the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Dietary Modification Trial influenced metabolic syndrome risk. 48,835 postmenopausal women aged 50-79 years were randomized to a low-fat (20% energy from fat) diet (intervention) or usual diet (comparison) for a mean of 8.1 ...
Kim Chul-Hee - - 2012
Abstract Background: Although obesity and metabolic syndrome have been associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), it is unclear whether obese or overweight people without metabolic syndrome are at increased risk for T2DM. Methods: Clinical and laboratory data were assessed in 8,748 subjects without diabetes (5,707 men, ...
Costa Roberto F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference in the proportion of adolescents with metabolic syndrome diagnosed based on three different criteria, as well as the use of insulin resistance instead of fasting glucose. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 121 obese adolescents, between 10 and 14 years old, from public schools of the city ...
Vanhees Matthias - - 2012
The subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT) in the carpal tunnel may participate in the origin of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), yet material properties of the SSCT have not been well-characterized. We investigated the response of the SSCT to repeated ramp stretch tests. Eight human cadaver wrists were used. The physiological excursion ...
Javed F - - 2012
Background: Areca-nut (AN) chewing habit has been associated with oral diseases including oral cancer, oral submucous fibrosis and periodontal disease; however, some authors have reported that the AN-chewing abuse may also jeopardize the systemic health among its users. Objectives: The objective was to review any reported association between AN-chewing and ...
Tremellen Kelton - - 2012
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause for menstrual disturbance and impaired ovulation, effecting one in twenty women of reproductive age. As the majority of women with PCOS are either overweight or obese, a dietary or adipose tissue related trigger for the development of the syndrome is quite ...
Czegle Ibolya - - 2012
The metabolic syndrome, one of the most common clinical conditions in recent times, represents a combination of cardiometabolic risk determinants, including central obesity, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and hypertension. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is rapidly increasing worldwide as a consequence of common overnutrition and ...
Liang So-Jung - - 2012
Objective. To evaluate the contribution to glucose intolerance and metabolic syndrome of obesity combined with the diagnostic criteria of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design. Prospective study. Setting. University teaching hospital from August 31, 2010 to August 31, 2011. Population. Two hundred and twenty women with PCOS and seventy normal controls. ...
Kutlucan Ali - - 2012
The metabolic syndrome is closely associated with atherosclerotic risk factors and increased mortality. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of platelet activation which also shows a close relationship with cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, obesity, metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Connor Ellen Lancon - - 2012
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can be identified in the adolescent years but is a process with genetic and epigenetic origins. Intrauterine growth retardation and premature adrenarche may precede the presentation of hyperandrogenism and oligo/anovulation. Other causes of hyperandrogenism and ovulatory dysfunction must be ruled out before PCOS is diagnosed. Obesity ...
Sekeroğlu Hande Taylan - - 2012
Brown syndrome, characterized by a limitation of elevation in adduction and positive forced duction testing, is usually unilateral but occurs bilaterally in 10% of all cases. It may present as a congenital condition in one eye and develop in the other eye with no apparent cause. We present a case ...
Correia Luis Cláudio Lemos - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome has been proposed as a predictor of cardiovascular risk. However, such idea lacks strong scientific basis. This article reviews the evidence regarding that issue, challenging the existing paradigm of the prognostic value of metabolic syndrome.
Lee Jin-Young - - 2012
Osteochondroma is a rare condition in the spine that may be indolent due to its slow growth. The authors present a case of 32-year-old man with subclinical osteochondroma in the cervical spine presenting as Brown-Sequard syndrome after trivial neck trauma. After resection of the tumor through hemilaminectomy, his symptoms were ...
Stears Anna A Metabolic Research Laboratories and NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre, Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, - - 2012
As well as improving diagnostic and clinical outcomes for affected patients, understanding the genetic basis of rare human metabolic disorders has resulted in several fundamental biological insights. In some cases understanding extreme phenotypes has also informed thinking about more prevalent metabolic diseases. Insulin resistance underpins the twin epidemics of obesity ...
Oosterwerff Mirjam M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates that the osteoblast-derived protein osteocalcin is able to influence adiposity and glucose homeostasis in mice. Little is known about this relationship in humans. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of plasma osteocalcin levels with the metabolic syndrome in a community-dwelling cohort of older persons in the Netherlands. ...
Ricci-Cabello Ignacio - - 2012
The growing prevalence of metabolic syndrome as well as its impact on public health has garnered increased attention in recent years. As a result, metabolic syndrome is now considered one of the world's leading public health problems. Bioactive peptides deriving from milk proteins may play an important role in the ...
Ma Kuifen - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome consists of a constellation of risk factors including primarily abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, low high-density lipoproteins, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypertension. It encompasses Type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, hepatic steatosis and so on. Recent studies enhanced our understanding of molecular mechanisms of the inflammatory progression in metabolic syndrome. Especially, ...
Jamil Ahmad Zeeshan - - 2012
We report a case of unilateral Brown-McLean syndrome (peripheral corneal oedema) with bilateral keratoconus. A 30 years old lady presented with decreased vision in her right eye for the last 2 years. There was no history of surgery or trauma. Patient had no systemic illness. There was peripheral concentric corneal ...
Chopra Rupali - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of diseases including central obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and high blood pressure. People with metabolic syndrome have been shown to be at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, beyond the risk associated with individual components of the syndrome. The association of diabetes and hypertension with ...
Smith Michael M - - 2012
Excess body weight is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, increasing the risk of hypertension, hyperglycaemia and dyslipidaemia, recognized as the metabolic syndrome. Adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ by producing various signalling cytokines called adipokines (including leptin, free fatty acids, tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, angiotensinogen ...
Kim Jung-Ha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Menopause is associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome. There is growing evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction may lead to obesity and insulin resistance, which are major components of metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the relationship between mitochondrial function using leukocyte mitochondrial DNA copy number ...
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