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Results 401 - 450 of 1814
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Piagkou Maria M Department of Anatomy, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece. - - 2009
Eagle's syndrome represents symptoms brought on by compression of regional structures by elongation of the styloid process or ossification of the stylohyoid or stylomandibular ligaments. Watt Eagle described it for the first time in 1937, dividing it into two subtypes: the "classic syndrome" and the "stylo-carotid artery syndrome." Many theories ...
Allen Larry A LA Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2009
Acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS) remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality, in part because the development of new therapies for these disorders has been marked by frequent failure and little success. The heterogeneity of current approaches to AHFS drug development, particularly with regard to end points, remains a ...
Codrich Daniela D Department of Pediatric Surgery, Institute of Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy. - - 2009
Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the most frequent congenital abnormality of the small bowel and it is often difficult to diagnose. It is usually asymptomatic but approximately 4% are symptomatic with complications such as bleeding, intestinal obstruction, and inflammation. The authors report a case of a 7-year-old boy with a one-year ...
de Rooij Annetje M - - 2009
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is clinically characterized by pain in combination with sensory, autonomic, and motor symptoms that may include weakness, tremor, myoclonus and dystonia of the affected limb(s). The syndrome is multifactorial in origin and mostly attributed to tissue injury. There is some evidence that the human leukocyte ...
Debruyne Hans - - 2009
Cotard's syndrome is a rare disorder in which nihilistic delusions concerning one's own body are the central feature. It is not listed as a specific disorder in the DSM-IV, as it is typically viewed as a part of other underlying disorders. However, it remains important to recognize the syndrome because ...
Christodoulou George N - - 2009
The delusional misidentification syndromes (Capgras' syndrome, Frégoli syndrome, intermetamorphosis syndrome, syndrome of subjective doubles) are rare psychopathologic phenomena that occur primarily in the setting of schizophrenic illness, affective disorder, and organic illness. They are grouped together because they often co-occur and interchange, and their basic theme is the concept of ...
Owen Catherine J - - 2009
The autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndromes are variable in presentation and can be challenging to diagnose and manage. Diagnosis of the type 1 autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome can be difficult at an early age when often only one manifestation is present, and it may take years for others to appear. Increased awareness of ...
Lu Ai-Ping - - 2009
The clinical application of Chinese herbal medicine should be based on syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the pharmacological evaluation of herbal medicine in new drug discovery should be also based on the TCM syndrome differentiation. To clarify the Chinese herbal characteristics and mechanisms of action through pharmacological ...
Blasco L M - - 2009
Vomiting directly attributable to SLE occurs in approximately 8% of patients, and its causes are sometimes obscure when common conditions are ruled out. Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a common functional disorder which usually starts from childhood. We report the first two cases of patients affected by systemic autoimmune conditions associated ...
Mazzuco Tânia Longo - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adrenal incidentaloma has become a frequent clinical dilemma. Even in the absence of specific clinical features of Cushing's syndrome, adrenocortical incidentalomas may display steroid secretory activity at different degrees. The recognition of endocrine and metabolic dysfunctions associated with subclinical hypercortisolism leads to current awareness about its potential ...
Sibai Baha M - - 2009
There are many obstetric, medial, and surgical disorders that share many of the clinical and laboratory findings of patients with severe pre-eclampsia-eclampsia. Imitators of severe pre-eclampsia-eclampsia are life-threatening emergencies that can develop during pregnancy or in the postpartum period. These conditions are associated with high maternal and perinatal mortalities and ...
Sleeper Rebecca B - - 2009
Geriatric syndromes are common problems that affect older adults. They are often thought of as causes of morbidity in one or more functional domains, but they can simultaneously be a consequence of morbidity as well. This primer will cover 12 problems commonly considered to be geriatric syndromes and highlight the ...
Montealegre Sanchez Gina A - - 2009
Autoinflammatory syndromes include an expanding list of conditions characterized by unprovoked recurrent attacks of systemic inflammation with lack of auto-antibodies or autoreactive T cells. Many of these syndromes are genetic diseases with a Mendelian inheritance. Neurological manifestations may be one of the major clinical features and, in some cases, the ...
Fintini Danilo - - 2009
Growth hormone insensitivity syndrome (GHI) or insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) deficiency (IGFD) is characterized by deficit of IGF-1 production due to alteration of response of growth hormone (GH) receptor to GH. This syndrome is due to mutation of GH receptor or IGF-1 gene and patients affected showed no response to ...
Häuser Winfried - - 2009
This S3 guideline takes positions on currently contentious issues in the classification and treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). A panel of experts from 10 specialist societies and patients belonging to 2 patient self-help organizations reviewed a total of approximately 8000 publications. Recommendations were developed according to the suggested procedure for ...
Woodcock K A KA School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. - - 2009
Behavioural phenotypes associated with genetic syndromes have been extensively investigated in order to generate rich descriptions of phenomenology, determine the degree of specificity of behaviours for a particular syndrome, and examine potential interactions between genetic predispositions for behaviour and environmental influences. However, relationships between different aspects of behavioural phenotypes have ...
Smith Stacey Dewitt - - 2009
Studies of floral ecology and evolution are often centered on the idea that particular floral trait combinations, or syndromes, represent adaptations for particular pollinators. Despite the conceptual importance of pollination syndromes, few macroevolutionary studies have statistically examined the relationship between pollinators and floral traits. Using 15 species of Iochroma, Smith ...
Ertek M - - 2009
We present a preliminary report of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Turkey, diagnosed between January and May 2009 according to the clinical symptoms and serological confirmation. Studies are still ongoing to better understand the dynamics of the reservoir population as well as the epidemiological ...
Ma Bin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the clinical progress in cauda equina syndrome (CES), including the epidemic history, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment policy and prognosis. Data sources All reports on CES in the literature were searched in PubMed, Ovid, Springer, Elsevier, and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Disk using the key terms ...
Van Buggenhout Griet - - 2009
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a distinct neurogenetic syndrome, first described in 1965. The phenotype is well known in infancy and adulthood, but the clinical features may change with age. The main clinical characteristics include severe mental retardation, epileptic seizures and EEG abnormalilties, neurological problems and distinct facial dysmorphic features. Behavioural ...
Akre Olof - - 2009
The concept of an increasingly common Testicular Dysgenesis Syndrome (TDS) has been widely adopted with little epidemiological appraisal. In this paper we critically review the epidemiologic evidence of the existence of a non-genetic TDS. We systematically assess and discuss the evidence of all six possible associations between the four defining ...
Gogalniceanu P - - 2009
Deep venous thromboses (DVTs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the general and inpatient population. Current anticoagulation therapy is efficient in reducing thrombus propagation but does not contribute to clot lysis or prevention of post-thrombotic limb syndrome. Catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) is an alternative method for treating ...
Watt Andrew J - - 2009
Given the complexity and diversity of congenital differences, a separate and broad category of generalized skeletal abnormalities was proposed to include all conditions that are unable to be neatly packaged into the other categories. Some of the conditions included in this category are obscure, whereas others are more common. Some ...
Hoffman Hal M - - 2009
Rheumatologists are likely to be asked to evaluate patients with recurrent febrile syndromes, so it is important that they are familiar with the clinical and diagnostic features, pathophysiology and therapeutic options for these rare autoinflammatory disorders. These syndromes are all characterized by recurrent episodes of fever and systemic inflammation; however, ...
Daissormont Isabelle T M N - - 2009
Chemokines are instrumental in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Recent advances in genomic technologies and the recognition of atherosclerosis as an inflammatory disease have given great impetus to studies addressing the relevance of chemokines for the clinically manifest stages of atherosclerosis and acute cardiovascular syndromes. In this paper, we ...
Cura Marco - - 2009
Budd-Chiari syndrome is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by hepatic venous outflow obstruction that involves one or more draining hepatic veins. Its occurrence in populations in the western hemisphere is commonly associated with hypercoagulative states. Clinical manifestations in many cases are nonspecific, and imaging may be critical for early ...
Castillo Leticia - - 2009
In an effort to attain earlier diagnoses in children with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), the International Histiocyte Society has now broadened their diagnostic criteria to no longer differentiate primary (HLH) and secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (SHLH). Five of the following eight diagnostic criteria needed to be met: 1) fever, 2) cytopenia of ...
Toriello Helga V - - 2009
The first oral-facial-digital syndrome was described in 1941 by Mohr, followed by a report by Papillon-Léage and Psaume [Papillon-Léage and Psaume (1954); Rev Stomatol (Paris) 55:209-227]. Ironically, these became known as oral-facial-digital syndrome (OFDS) II and I, respectively. Since then, numerous other examples of OFDS have been published, and current ...
Damek Denise M - - 2009
Neurologic symptoms commonly occur in oncology patients, and in some cases they may be the presenting symptom of malignancy. Cancer-related neurologic syndromes are rarely pathognomonic and must be differentiated from other benign or serious conditions. This article reviews common neuro-oncologic syndromes that may lead to urgent evaluation in the emergency ...
Mazumdar Avi - - 2009
Carotid blowout syndrome can be a life-threatening late complication of surgical and radiation therapy for head and neck tumors in the vicinity of the cervical carotid artery. The syndrome spans a spectrum of pathology from impending to acute rupture of the artery. These cases are uncommon, can be dramatic in ...
Hirschfield Gideon M - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cholestatic liver injury is encountered across a wide variety of clinical scenarios ranging from toxin-induced, genetic, to autoimmune in nature. This review summarizes recent findings from what is a burgeoning clinical field. RECENT FINDINGS: We highlight observations from cell biology (intracellular signaling molecules), genetics (biliary transporters) and ...
Nachman Patrick H - - 2009
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitides are usually treated with a combination of high-dose corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide therapy to induce remission, commonly followed by maintenance treatment with a less-toxic immunosuppressant. Azathioprine and methotrexate are both options for maintenance therapy, but whether one of these immunosuppressants is superior to the other is unclear.
Schadlu Anita P - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aging of the population and the resultant increase in the number of patients with low vision due to age-related macular degeneration and other ocular diseases necessitate an increase in awareness of the Charles Bonnet syndrome among ophthalmic care providers. RECENT FINDINGS: The clinical features of Charles ...
Emanuel Ivor A - - 2009
Allergic syndromes are highly prevalent and are comprised of a wide variety of clinical problems, including rhinitis, conjunctivitis, atopic dermatitis and urticaria, asthma, and food allergies. Numerous studies have shown that allergic syndromes are both underdiagnosed and undertreated. This is related to many factors, including trivialization of allergic conditions by ...
Punshon Clare - - 2009
Asperger syndrome is a relatively new diagnostic classification. A number of factors make receiving a diagnosis of Asperger syndrome in adulthood a unique experience. This study used a phenomenological approach to examine the experiences of 10 adults receiving such a diagnosis. Results suggested that six major themes were associated with ...
Hirose E - - 2009
'Soft tunic syndrome' is a serious problem in the aquaculture of the edible ascidian, Halocynthia roretzi (Drasche), and often leads to mass mortality. Here, we describe the tunic morphology of intact and diseased ascidians to reveal structural differences between them. Morphologically, diseased tunics are not very different from intact tunics, ...
Minozzi F - - 2009
Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by the exocrine glands inflammation, with subsequent hypofunction. More frequently lachrymal and salivary glands are interested with subsequent xerophthalmia and xerostomia. Sjögren's syndrome can be present in an idiopathic type or in association with other autoimmune diseases as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic ...
Michels A W - - 2009
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes type 1 and 2 (APS-1 and APS-2) are diverse in regards to their component diseases and immunologic features of pathogenesis. Animal models and human studies highlight the importance of alleles of HLA (human leukocyte antigen)-like molecules determining tissue specific targeting that with the loss of tolerance leads ...
Husebye E S - - 2009
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I (APS-I) is a monogenic model disease of autoimmunity. Its hallmarks are chronic mucocutaneous candidosis, hypoparathyroidism and adrenal insufficiency, but many other autoimmune disease components occur less frequently. The first components usually appear in childhood, but may be delayed to adolescence or early adult life. There ...
Freeman Alexandra F - - 2009
Autosomal dominant Hyper-IgE syndrome (AD-HIES) is a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by eczema, recurrent skin and lung infections, elevated serum IgE, and various connective tissue, skeletal, and vascular abnormalities. Mutations in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) have recently been found to account for most cases; however, the ...
Yee Brendon - - 2009
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common, but frequently undiagnosed, chronic, sensorimotor disorder. In western countries, it is seen in approximately 10% of the general population, with a higher prevalence in women and the elderly (10-20%). This article outlines the epidemiology, aetiology, diagnosis and management of RLS. Information that is ...
Babyar Suzanne R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinimetric properties and clinical applicability of published tools for 'quantifying' the degree of lateropulsion or pusher syndrome following stroke. DATA SOURCES: Search through electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Science Citation Index) with the terms lateropulsion, pushing, pusher syndrome, validity, reliability, internal consistency, responsiveness, sensitivity, specificity, posture ...
Furlan Raffaello - - 2009
Inability to maintain the upright position is manifested by a number of symptoms shared by either human pathophysiology and conditions following weightlessness or bed rest. Alterations of the neural sympathetic cardiovascular control have been suggested to be one of the potential underlying etiopathogenetic mechanisms in these conditions. We hypothesize that ...
Barak Segev - - 2009
Symptoms of schizophrenia, commonly divided into positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive impairments, exhibit different sensitivity to pharmacological treatments. As such, they are typically modeled in animals by behavioral effects of drugs that evoke these symptoms in humans, such as amphetamine or phencyclidine (PCP). Despite the fact that muscarinic antagonists ...
Walter E E Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2009
Over the past few decades, behavioral, neuroimaging and molecular studies of neurogenetic conditions, such as Williams, fragile X, Turner and velocardiofacial (22q11.2 deletion) syndromes, have led to important insights regarding brain development. These investigations allow researchers to examine "experiments of nature" in which the deletion or alteration of one gene ...
Russell Douglas - - 2009
Trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm are well-documented vascular compression syndromes involving the 5th and 7th cranial nerves. Drugs that stabilize the irritated nerves and vascular decompression surgery are accepted treatments. By contrast, the diagnosis and treatment of a comparable syndrome involving the 8th cranial nerve is controversial. We describe two ...
Martin Gary E - - 2009
On average, language and communication characteristics of individuals with Down syndrome (the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability) follow a consistent profile. Despite considerable individual variability, receptive language is typically stronger than expressive language, with particular challenges in phonology and syntax. We review the literature on language and literacy ...
Payne Spencer C - - 2009
The problem with empty nose syndrome is probably not that it does not exist, it is that we cannot adequately explain its existence by what we currently understand about the nose. The result of empty nose syndrome or iatrogenic atrophic rhinitis as a consequence of turbinectomy remains a controversial topic ...
Sawada Kenichi - - 2009
Pure red cell aplasia is a syndrome characterized by a severe normocytic anemia, reticulocytopenia, and absence of erythroblasts from an otherwise normal bone marrow. Although the causes and natural course of this syndrome are variable and although the anemia in some patients can be managed by treatment of an underlying ...
Mahapatra Himanshu Sekhar - - 2009
Very often, physicians confront with patients who have concomitant heart and kidney failure. The coexistence of kidney and heart failure carries an extremely bad prognosis. The exact cause of deterioration of kidney function and the mechanism underlying this interaction are complex, multifactorial in nature, and still not completely understood. Both ...
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