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Results 251 - 300 of 1816
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Simpson Steven Q - - 2010
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, also known as hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome, is a recently described infectious syndrome found throughout the Americas. Although infection is sporadic and uncommon compared with other atypical pneumonia syndromes, its high mortality rate warrants the maintenance of a high index of suspicion in rural settings. Because no specific ...
Zahiri Hormoz - - 2010
The tip of an excessively long ulnar styloid can impinge upon the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) against the triquetrum. The subtleties in biomechanics of the wrist joint and their role in the production of the symptoms are presented as five cases from a retrospective study. The relationship of the symptoms ...
Pereira E A C - - 2010
We describe dropped head syndrome in a patient with Parkinson's disease receiving subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (DBS). Posterior occipitocervical instrumented fusion after transarticular screw fixation of an odontoid fracture is shown and its rationale explained. Pedunculopontine nucleus DBS as treatment for fall-predominant Parkinson's disease, and globus pallidus interna DBS ...
Mirastschijski Ursula - - 2010
Abstract Syndromes with focal overgrowth are sporadic diseases and comprise Proteus syndrome and congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, and epidermal naevi (CLOVE) syndrome, and isolated hemihyperplasia. We describe 3 children classified according to standard criteria with dysregulated growth of various tissues that was excised, together with excess toes, and tumours. ...
Puschett J B - - 2010
The bufodienolides are cardiac glycosides which have the ability to inhibit the enzyme, Na(+)/K(+) ATPase (sodium potassium adenosine triphosphatase). They are cardiac inotropes, cause vasoconstriction (and, potentially, hypertension) and are natriuretic. Evidence has accrued over time which supports the view that they are mechanistically involved in volume expansion-mediated hypertension. In ...
Pineda-Alvarez Daniel E - - 2010
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most common structural malformation of the developing forebrain in humans and is typically characterized by different degrees of hemispheric separation that are often accompanied by similarly variable degrees of craniofacial and midline anomalies. HPE is a classic example of a complex genetic trait with "pseudo"-autosomal dominant ...
Harth Wolfgang - - 2010
Facticious Disorders are self inflicted skin lesions and includes the creation of physical or psychiatric symptoms in oneself or other reference persons. In dermatology frequently, there are mechanical injuries by pressures, friction, occlusion, biting, cutting, stabbing, thermal burns or self-inflicted infections with wound-healing impairment, abscesses, mutilations or damages by acids ...
Pruitt Jonathan N - - 2010
Correlations in behavioural traits across time, situation and ecological context (i.e. 'behavioural syndromes' or 'personality') have been documented for a variety of behaviours, and in diverse taxa. Perhaps the most controversial inference from the behavioural syndromes literature is that correlated behaviour may act as an evolutionary constraint and evolutionary change ...
Sandy Macleod A D - - 2010
Post concussion symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury are a difficult clinical state to conceptualise. The constellation of symptoms include those with an organic signature (and presumed organic aetiology), and those with overt psychological features. A seemingly trivial head injury may result in enduring symptoms. The validity of post concussion ...
Mehta Parinda - - 2010
The inherited bone marrow failure (BMF) syndromes are characterized by impaired hematopoiesis and cancer predisposition. Most inherited BMF syndromes are also associated with a range of congenital anomalies. Progress in improving the outcomes for children with inherited BMF syndromes has been limited by the rarity of these disorders, as well ...
Kitamura S-I - - 2010
'Soft tunic syndrome' causes mass mortality in the edible ascidian Halocynthia roretzi in Korean and Japanese aquaculture. In histopathological comparison, there were no specific differences between diseased specimens from Korea and Japan, indicating that soft tunic syndrome occurring in Korea and Japan is the same disease. No bacterial or protozoan ...
Heimall Jennifer - - 2010
Hyper IgE syndrome (HIES) is a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by the triad of elevated IgE and eosinophilia, eczema, and recurrent skin and pulmonary infections. The autosomal dominant (AD) form of HIES results from mutations in STAT3 and is characterized by disordered inflammation, connective tissue, and skeletal abnormalities. Tissue-specific STAT3 ...
Sethi Nitin K - - 2010
Patients at times present with neurological symptoms and signs for which at times extensive investigation fails to identify any structural or organic pathology within the nervous system. These pseudo neurological syndromes can mimic almost any organic disease of the central and peripheral nervous system. Some such as pseudo seizures also ...
Heidrich H - - 2010
Raynauds syndrome, acrocyanosis and erythromelalgia are functional vascular diseases that differ with respect to prevalence, clinical picture, therapy, prognosis, and impairment of quality of life. Raynauds syndrome occurs in 5 to 20 % of the population in Europe, is observed four times more often in women than in men and ...
Piper Amanda - - 2010
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome occurs in obese individuals who are unable to compensate for the added load of obesity on the respiratory system, with resultant daytime hypercapnia in the absence of other causes of alveolar hypoventilation. Significant morbidity and mortality is seen in this disorder if appropriate treatment is not undertaken. ...
Yeung Sam C M - - 2010
Acute exacerbations of asthma are common in children, but limb weakness after such exacerbations is very unusual. Hopkins' syndrome, a poliomyelitis-like illness associated with asthma, is seldom reported in the literature. We describe a child with weakness of the lower limbs after an asthmatic attack. The clinical profile, possible pathogenesis, ...
Elamin M - - 2010
Lyme disease is a multisystem infectious disease, endemic in parts of Europe, including the West of Ireland. Neurological manifestions (neuroborreliosis) are variable. Presenting neurological syndromes include meningitis, cranial neuropathies, myeloradiculitis and mononeuritis multiplex. A lack of specificity in serological diagnosis may add to diagnostic confusion. We reviewed thirty cases of ...
Tatsch Klaus - - 2010
Extrapyramidal syndromes (ES) belong to the most common neurologic illnesses. Because new and promising therapeutic options are currently under development, there is a substantial demand for molecular imaging procedures with the potential to identify the pathologic changes of those illnesses. This article gives an overview of the current positron emission ...
Weiss Curtis H - - 2010
It is estimated that, combined, 400,000 people are diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) or acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome annually in the United States, and both diseases are associated with an unacceptably high mortality rate. Although these disorders are distinct clinical entities, they share pathogenic mechanisms that may ...
Ayoob Ashley L - - 2010
To review and summarize current information regarding epidemiology, pathogenesis, and pathophysiology leading to the various clinical syndromes associated with canine babesiosis. Diagnosis, treatment, preventative strategies, and zoonotic implications are discussed. Babesiosis is caused by hemoprotozoa of the genus Babesia. Numerous species of Babesia exist worldwide. An increased incidence of babesiosis ...
Brauer H U - - 2010
Supernumerary teeth are an infrequent developmental alteration that can appear in any area of the dental arches and which are often associated with several syndromes such as cleidocranial dysplasia or Gardner syndrome. Multiple supernumerary teeth in individuals with no other associated diseases or syndromes are very uncommon. A 14-year-old male ...
Ridout A E - - 2010
Overactive bladder syndrome is defined as a symptom syndrome which includes urinary urgency, with or without urge incontinence, usually accompanied by frequency (>8 micturitions/24 h) and nocturia. Conservative treatment usually comprises behavioural techniques, bladder retraining, pelvic floor re-education and pharmacotherapy but up to 30% of patients will remain refractory to ...
Hall Judith G - - 2010
Diagnosing the specific type of severe intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) that also has post-birth growth restriction is often difficult. Eight relatively common syndromes are discussed identifying their unique distinguishing features, overlapping features, and those features common to all eight syndromes. Many of these signs take a few years to develop ...
Wales Paul W - - 2010
Pediatric short bowel syndrome (SBS) is most commonly caused by congenital or acquired conditions of the newborn. SBS is associated with an inability of the bowel to adequately absorb water and nutrients in sufficient quantities to meet caloric, fluid, and electrolyte demands, thus necessitating dependence on parenteral nutrition (PN). It ...
Mehta Ishita S - - 2010
HGPS (Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome) is a rare genetic disease affecting children causing them to age and die prematurely. The disease is typically due to a point mutation in the coding sequence for the nuclear intermediate-type filament protein lamin A and gives rise to a dominant-negative splice variant named progerin. Accumulation ...
Lindsey Pamela L - - 2010
Rabbit syndrome (RS) is an involuntary movement disorder characterized by rapid, fine movements of an individual's mouth, similar to the chewing movements of a rabbit, and has most frequently been associated with the use of antipsychotic medications. RS is often unrecognized or misdiagnosed as tardive dyskinesia or pseudoparkinsonism. Although rare, ...
Fernandes Neil F - - 2010
X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is an X-linked recessive disorder of cutaneous keratinization with possible extracutaneous manifestations. It was first described as a distinct type of ichthyosis in 1965. XLI is caused by a deficiency in steroid sulfatase activity, which results in abnormal desquamation and a retention hyperkeratosis. XLI is usually evident ...
Hughes John R - - 2010
The goal of this article is to review Savant Syndrome, characterized by outstanding islands of mental ability in otherwise handicapped individuals. Two forms exist: the congenital form and the acquired form. Among the many examples of the congenital form are the calendar calculators, who can quickly provide the day of ...
Soyucen Erdogan - - 2010
Benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) is a hereditable disorder of connective tissue, which is characterized by the occurrence of multiple musculoskeletal problems in hypermobile individuals who do not have a systemic rheumatological disease. Rectal, uterine and mitral prolapses, varicose veins, myopia and recurrent urinary tract infections are more common in ...
Macedo Etienne - - 2010
Prerenal failure is used to designate a reversible form of acute renal dysfunction. However, the terminology encompasses different conditions that vary considerably. The Acute Kidney Injury Network group has recently standardized the acute kidney injury (AKI) definition and classification system; however, these criteria have not determined specific diagnostic criteria to ...
Ghazali S M - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome is the commonest controllable precursor of cardiovascular and end stage renal diseases. While central obesity is recognized universally as its strongest component, there is the need for an accurate and affordable tool to screen for the presence of metabolic syndrome in every community. The easiest and cheapest measures ...
Jankowska Ewa A - - 2010
The clinical syndrome of heart failure is hugely heterogeneous. In this chapter, the authors discuss several distinct classifications of this syndrome that have been developed in order to better characterize an individual case and subsequently apply an optimal management. Classifications are based on the time course of the clinical presentation ...
Rigante D - - 2010
Systemic autoinflammatory syndromes are a group of inherited and acquired disorders of the innate immunity characterized by recurrence of seemingly unprovoked febrile attacks of variable duration and multi-district inflammation of different severity. The vast majority of these conditions when observed in pediatrics is caused by mutations in genetic systems involved ...
De Sanctis Sara - - 2010
During the last decades the description of autoinflammatory syndromes induced great interest among the scientific community. Mainly rheumatologists, immunologists and pediatricians are involved in the discovery of etiopathogenesis of these syndromes and in the recognition of affected patients. In this paper we will discuss the most important clues of monogenic ...
Steinberg Tamar - - 2010
The object of this review is to summarize some of the recent developments in the understanding of Tourette's Syndrome which can be regarded as the prototype of a developmental psychopathological entity. The review covers the following topics: tics and their developmental course; sensory phenomena related to tics including measurement of ...
McCormack Steven E - - 2010
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a varied group of diseases leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Therapy of MDS has been difficult, with supportive cares used to ameliorate symptoms, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation the only curative option. Agents, such as the cytidine analog azacitidine, exert an effect on DNA methyltransferase ...
Bouwmans Angela E P - - 2010
We reviewed eight studies on transcranial sonography (TCS) as a tool for differentiating idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) from atypical parkinsonian syndromes (APS) and included some first data on TCS findings in the subforms of PSP. Changes of specific structures on TCS like the substantia nigra (SN), lenticular nucleus (LN), and ...
Tatsch Klaus - - 2010
Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical Parkinsonian syndromes (aPS) belong to the most common neurologic illnesses. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of these syndromes is primarily based on well-defined clinical criteria, however, may be difficult in early and particular preclinical/premotor stages. Molecular imaging with PET offers here a broad variety of tools ...
Bagshaw Sean M - - 2010
Cardiac and kidney disease are common, increasingly encountered and frequently coexist. A consensus classification for the cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) and its specific subtypes has been developed by the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI). The five CRS subtypes have a similar underlying pathophysiology, however they likely have distinguishing features in terms ...
Drescher Kristen M - - 2010
High levels of microsatellite instability (MSI-high) are a cardinal feature of colorectal tumors from patients with Lynch Syndrome. Other key characteristics of Lynch Syndrome are that these patients experience fewer metastases and have enhanced survival when compared to patients diagnosed with microsatellite stable (MSS) colorectal cancer. Many of the characteristics ...
Leong Randall K - - 2010
The overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) negatively affects the daily life of many people. Conservative treatments, such as antimuscarinics, do not always lead to sufficient improvement of the complaints and/or are often associated with considerable side effects resulting in treatment failure. In the case of failure or intolerable side effects, sacral ...
Deane Sean - - 2010
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a phenomenon characterized by cytopenia, organ dysfunction, and coagulopathy associated with an inappropriate activation of macrophages. Current diagnostic criteria are imprecise, but the syndrome is now recognized as a form of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis that is characteristically associated with autoimmune diatheses. The diagnosis of incipient MAS ...
Bagshaw Sean M - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute heart failure (HF) and acute kidney injury (AKI) are common. These syndromes are each associated with considerable morbidity, mortality, and health resource utilization and are increasingly encountered. Fluid accumulation and overload are common themes in the pathophysiology and clinical course of both HF and AKI. METHODS: This narrative ...
Biondi Antonio - - 2010
The post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a long-term complication of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) that is characterized by chronic, persistent pain, swelling and other signs in the affected limb. PTS is common, burdensome and costly. It is likely to increase in prevalence, since despite widespread use of and improvements in the ...
Peeters M - - 2010
This paper reviews the research that has been conducted into the use of Sandostatin to control the debilitating symptoms of diarrhea in a number of different etiologies. These are cancer-related diarrheas, including diarrhea related to chemotherapy, radiotherapy, neuroendocrine tumor carcinoid syndrome, vasoactive intestinal peptide-secreting tumors and also non-cancer related diarrhea, ...
Jotwani Vijay - - 2010
Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is a constellation of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that persist in a small percentage of patients who suffer from a concussion. There is significant debate regarding the definition and pathophysiology of PCS. This article reviews these controversies, the factors that may predict PCS, potential diagnostic and ...
McCullough Peter A - - 2010
The cardiorenal syndromes (CRS) are composed of five recently defined syndromes which represent common clinical scenarios in which both the heart and the kidney are involved in a bidirectional injury process leading to dysfunction of both organs. Common to each subtype are multiple complex pathogenic factors, a precipitous decline in ...
Lin Haotian - - 2010
A 3-year-old girl was diagnosed as having linear nevus sebaceous syndrome. The nevus sebaceous was located on the left side of the face and neck. An unusually large lacrimal gland was completely ectopic below the entire left conjunctiva, with secondary ectropion of the left upper eyelid. The patient had the ...
Kernan Scott - - 2010
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a disorder characterized by postural tachycardia in combination with orthostatic symptoms without associated hypotension. Symptoms include light-headedness, palpitations, fatigue, confusion, and anxiety, which are brought on by assuming the upright position and usually relieved by sitting or lying down. Given the associated autonomic dysfunction ...
Merlino Giovanni - - 2010
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sleep-related movement disorder with a high prevalence in the general population. Patients affected by a severe form of the disorder may develop comorbidities, such as psychological distress, cognitive dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases; these patients require pharmacotherapy. Dopamine agonists represent the first line treatment for ...
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