Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1814
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Garofalo Raffaele - - 2010
Internal impingement syndrome is a painful shoulder condition related to the impingement of the soft tissue, including the rotator cuff, joint capsule and the long head of the biceps tendon and glenoid labrum. Two types of internal impingement syndrome can be differentiated: posterior-superior impingement and anterior-superior impingement (ASI). The aetiology ...
Deroo Scott - - 2010
Much research in venous thrombotic diseases focuses on the acute thrombotic process such as anticoagulation and risk factors. Deep-vein thrombosis directly leads to post thrombotic syndrome, and this can cause significant patient disability. Little research has focused on the vein wall injury response to the thrombotic inflammatory insult. Herein, we ...
Vukicevic Meri - - 2010
Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a disorder in which psychologically normal people, often with vision impairment, experience complex visual hallucinations. The hallucinations are purely visual and do not occur in any other sensory modality, and people with CBS have full insight into the unreal nature of the hallucinations. This report ...
Shuman Andrew G - - 2010
Frey syndrome is a widely recognized sequela of parotidectomy with a variable prevalence dependent upon diagnostic criteria. There exists a multitude of strategies for both prevention and treatment. Surgeons are obligated to engage patients in a frank and open discussion of the operative risks, benefits, and alternatives. Due to uncertainty ...
Miller Marcia A - - 2010
Othello syndrome, sometimes referred to as delusional, pathological, morbid, or erotic jealousy, is a rare delusional disorder with high-risk implications. This article provides an overview of Othello syndrome and includes an individual example as well as a review of the literature. Pharmacological interventions and dialectical behavior therapy are discussed as ...
Sanli Hatice - - 2010
There are several reports of patients who developed extracutaneous lymphoma after they started bexarotene treatment. The authors report a case in which the initiation of bexarotene therapy for Sézary syndrome was temporally associated with the development of Hodgkin's lymphoma despite improvement in cutaneous signs and symptoms. It is possible that ...
Goswami Trishna - - 2010
Whether a relationship exists between sarcoidosis and lymphoma is controversial. We present 4 patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis either during or after the treatment of lymphoma, review the data surrounding the entity known as "sarcoid-lymphoma syndrome" and discuss the diagnostic pitfalls it can present. As both entities are fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose avid, ...
Cohen M Michael MM - - 2010
In vertebrate hedgehog signaling, hedgehog ligands are processed to become bilipidated and then multimerize, which allows them to leave the signaling cell via Dispatched 1 and become transported via glypicans and megalin to the responding cells. Hedgehog then interacts with a complex of Patched 1 and Cdo/Boc, which activates endocytic ...
Burtner Christopher R - - 2010
One of the many debated topics in ageing research is whether progeroid syndromes are really accelerated forms of human ageing. The answer requires a better understanding of the normal ageing process and the molecular pathology underlying these rare diseases. Exciting recent findings regarding a severe human progeria, Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome, ...
Ge Pengfei - - 2010
Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a serious complication of revascularization after carotid endarterectomy, extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery, or stent placement. The mechanisms underlying cerebral hyper-perfusion syndrome are mainly ascribed to the dysfunction of cerebral auto-regulation to blood flow and injury of the endothelia in blood vessels. Although blood pressure control is often ...
Verschuuren Jan J G M - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis and myasthenic syndromes are diseases of the neuromuscular junction. Autoantibodies and toxins to or mutations in one of the synaptic proteins are the main causes of dysfunction. Myasthenic phenotypes can be classified according to the basic aetiological mechanisms or divided depending on the clinical phenotype.
Quah Y V YV - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome was once reported only in adults but is now occurring more frequently in children. This study compared the incidence of metabolic syndrome and its components among normal and obese children using the 2007 International Diabetes Federation (IDF) pediatric definition for metabolic syndrome. Subjects comprised 78 school children aged ...
Kosinski Jan - - 2010
Missense alterations of the mismatch repair gene MLH1 have been identified in a significant proportion of individuals suspected of having Lynch syndrome, a hereditary syndrome that predisposes for cancer of colon and endometrium. The pathogenicity of many of these alterations, however, is unclear. A number of MLH1 alterations are located ...
Husein-Elahmed H - - 2010
Melanoma is the most lethal form of skin malignancy because of its aggressive behaviour. In advanced disease, interferon alfa can be used as adjuvant therapy. However, this therapy is not free of side effects. We present a case of severe Raynaud syndrome and digital necrosis induced by interferon alfa in ...
Kaltsas Gregory - - 2010
Neuroendocrine tumours may be either benign or malignant tumours, and have the ability to synthesise and secrete biologically active substances characteristic of the cell of origin that can cause distinct clinical syndromes. The term 'paraneoplastic syndromes' (PNSs) is used to denote syndromes secondary to substances secreted from tumours not related ...
Barber T M - - 2010
Nelson's syndrome is a potentially life-threatening condition that does not infrequently develop following total bilateral adrenalectomy (TBA) for the treatment of Cushing's disease. In this review article, we discuss some controversial aspects of Nelson's syndrome including diagnosis, predictive factors, aetiology, pathology and management based on data from the existing literature ...
Sukhudyan Biayna - - 2010
Gómez-López-Hernández syndrome (GLHS) is a rare and possibly underdiagnosed condition. So far, 21 patients have been reported and all of them were sporadic observations. We report six additional patients. The hallmark triad of GLHS, also named cerebellotrigeminal dermal dysplasia, consists of rhombencephalosynapsis, trigeminal anesthesia (often giving rise to corneal opacities), ...
Druey Kirk M - - 2010
The systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a rare disease of reversible plasma extravasation and vascular collapse accompanied by hemoconcentration and hypoalbuminemia. Its cause is unknown, although it is believed to be a manifestation of transient endothelial dysfunction due to endothelial contraction, apoptosis, injury, or a combination of these. Fewer ...
Bae Yoon Soo - - 2010
Severe zinc deficiency states, such as acrodermatitis enteropathica, are associated with a variety of skin manifestations, such as perioral, acral, and perineal dermatitis. These syndromes can be reversed with systemic zinc repletion. In addition to skin pathologies that are clearly zinc-dependent, many dermatologic conditions (eg, dandruff, acne, and diaper rash) ...
López-Jornet Pia - - 2010
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) refers to chronic orofacial pain, unaccompanied by mucosal lesions or other evident clinical signs. It is observed principally in middle-aged patients and postmenopausal women. BMS is characterized by an intense burning or stinging sensation, preferably on the tongue or in other areas of the oral mucosa. ...
Simon Hans-Uwe - - 2010
Because of advances in our understanding of the hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and the availability of novel therapeutic agents, the original criteria defining these disorders are becoming increasingly problematic. Here, we discuss shortcomings with the current definition of HES and recent developments in the classification of these disorders. Despite significant progress ...
Rössle Martin - - 2010
Refractory ascites is a frequent complication of advanced cirrhosis and is associated with hepatorenal syndrome and hepatic hydrothorax. Large volume paracentesis and pleurodesis are regarded as first-line treatments in patients who do not respond adequately to diuretics. These treatments, however, do not prevent recurrence and carry the risk of worsening ...
Urv Tiina K - - 2010
Changes in psychiatric symptoms related to specific stages of dementia were investigated in 224 adults 45 years of age or older with Down syndrome. Findings indicate that psychiatric symptoms are a prevalent feature of dementia in the population with Down syndrome and that clinical presentation is qualitatively similar to that ...
Cimini Nicholas - - 2010
Bakhtin's suggestion that a unified truth demands a 'multiplicity of consciousnesses' seems particularly relevant in the 'globally connected age'. At a time when the DIY/'punk ethic' seems to prevail online, and Wikipedia and blogging means that anyone with access to the Internet can enter into public deliberation, it is worth ...
Costa Carlos Henrique Nery - - 2010
The objective of the study is to identify the main risk factors for death by New World visceral leishmaniasis and establish a coherent pathogenic substrate of severe disease based on clinical findings. Seventy-six deceased inpatients and 320 successfully treated inpatients with VL were studied in a case control study. Bacterial ...
Schneider S A - - 2010
Dystonic syndromes can be divided into primary and secondary forms. Diagnosis of secondary dystonic syndromes can be challenging as causes are multifold. They include brain lesions of various origins, metabolic disease, neurodegenerative conditions, or following exposure to drugs or toxins. However, characteristic investigational findings may be directive in the diagnostic ...
Gupta Y - - 2010
To report the presentation of a rare case of Kearns-Sayre-like syndrome (KSS) CASE: A 14-year-old boy presented with progressive drooping of both upper eyelids for 10 years. Past history of right sided hemi-plegia and left facial nerve palsy was present. Examination (OU) showed total external ophthalmoplegia, ptosis and pigmentary retinopathy. ...
Phatak Uday A - - 2010
Acute decompression syndrome (Caisson's disease) is an acute neurological emergency in divers. It is caused due to release of nitrogen gas bubbles that impinge the blood vessels of the spinal cord and brain and result in severe neurodeficit. There are very few case reports in Indian literature. There are multiple ...
Umehara Tadashi - - 2010
We report a family with Boucher-Neuhäuser syndrome (BNS). All 3 patients with BNS had hypersegmented neutrophils on peripheral-blood films. Our findings indicate that hypersegmented neutrophils are a characteristic of BNS. Blood films should therefore be examined in patients with a suspected diagnosis of BNS.
Kawada Tomoyuki - - 2011
There is an ethnic difference of obesity index to diagnose metabolic syndrome. The authors explored the optimal cut-off levels for body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in relation to each component of metabolic syndrome. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was used to determine the optimal cut-off levels for ...
Hallberg U - - 2010
The 22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is one of the most common multiple anomaly syndromes, with an incidence of approximately one per 4000 newborns. Although a patient may have several not too severe symptoms, the cumulative effect may be substantial disability. The aim of this study was to explore and describe ...
Alexandraki Krystallenia I - - 2010
Ectopic Cushing's syndrome usually relates to the ectopic ACTH syndrome (EAS) and represents ∼20% of ACTH-dependent and ∼10% of all types of Cushing's syndrome (CS). Nearly any neuroendocrine or non-endocrine tumours may be associated with EAS, but the more prevalent tumours are bronchial carcinoids, small cell lung carcinomas, pancreatic carcinoids, ...
Bayetto K - - 2010
Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects many individuals within the community. Despite this, its exact aetiology and pathogenesis is still unclear. Sjögren's syndrome affects many organ systems in the body. However, for dental practitioners it is important to recognize the many oral and dental manifestations that are ...
Donnelly Elizabeth H - - 2010
Primary care physicians may be unprepared to diagnose and treat rare, yet potentially fatal, illnesses such as acute radiation syndrome (ARS). ARS, also known as radiation sickness, is caused by exposure to a high dose of penetrating, ionizing radiation over a short period of time. The time to onset of ...
McClelland Mary T - - 2010
Paraneoplastic syndromes (PNSs) are defined as signs or symptoms that occur as a result of organ or tissue damage at locations that are remote from the primary tumor site or metastases. Many cancers are associated with PNSs; however, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most prevalent. In SCLC, the ...
Jakubowicz Brian - - 2010
Questions from patients about analgesic pharmacotherapy and responses from the authors are presented to help educate patients and make them more effective self-advocates. The topics addressed in this issue are the signs, symptoms, and diagnosis of complex regional pain syndrome/reflex sympathetic dystrophy.
Damek Denise M - - 2010
Neurologic symptoms commonly occur in oncology patients, and in some cases they may be the presenting symptom of malignancy. Cancer-related neurologic syndromes are rarely pathognomonic and must be differentiated from other benign or serious conditions. This article reviews common neuro-oncologic syndromes that may lead to urgent evaluation in the emergency ...
Belyi David - - 2010
The 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident that occurred is known as the most severe nuclear disaster in the history of humankind. Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) was diagnosed in 237 persons but only 134 of those were confirmed, including 28 patients who died due to lethal total-body gamma-irradiation and severe ...
Chee Cheng E - - 2010
Treatment options for amyloidosis and polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome have rapidly increased in the past years, but many patients are diagnosed late in the disease course and do not receive state-of-the art therapy. Stem-cell transplantation and novel agents have widened the chemotherapy alternatives available ...
Lodish Maya B - - 2010
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) are two familial syndromes known as phakomatoses that may be associated with endocrine tumours. These hereditary cutaneous conditions affect the central nervous system and are characterised by the development of hamartomas. Over the past 20 years, there have been major advances ...
Gonzalez Henrik H Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2010
Postpolio syndrome is characterised by the exacerbation of existing or new health problems, most often muscle weakness and fatigability, general fatigue, and pain, after a period of stability subsequent to acute polio infection. Diagnosis is based on the presence of a lower motor neuron disorder that is supported by neurophysiological ...
Prajs Krzysztof - - 2012
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) belongs to a group of necrotic angiitis. During the illness, necrotic changes are found in small and middle dimensions arteries. Primary Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic, autoimmunological systematic illness of connective tissue with characteristic infiltration of lymphocytes and plasmatic cells in endocrine glands. Despite the fact that ...
Alevizos Ilias - - 2010
MicroRNAs are endogenous non-coding RNAs, approximately 22 nucleotides in length. They regulate gene expression and are important in a wide range of physiological and pathological processes. MicroRNA expression is tightly regulated during hematopoiesis and lymphoid cell differentiation and disruption of the entire microRNA network or selected microRNAs may lead to ...
Margetić Branimir - - 2010
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare and life threatening condition usually defined as a complication of treatment with antipsychotics characterized by severe rigidity, tremor, fever, altered mental status, autonomic dysfunction, and elevated serum creatine phosphokinase and white blood cell count. The literature on this topic is rather extensive, but ...
Huang Yu-Shu - - 2010
Kleine-Levin Syndrome is a periodic hypersomnia characterized by recurrent episodes of hypersomnia and other symptoms. This article reviews the research to date, outlines the clinical symptoms, and describes current testing and treatment. It concludes that the cause remains unknown and no treatment is effective in preventing recurrence, although modafinil may ...
Motosue Alison - - 2010
We present a 74-year-old woman with a recent diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome who presented with left upper quadrant abdominal pain and fatigue with significant splenomegaly, anemia, and thrombocytopenia. She underwent splenectomy and bone marrow biopsy. Pathology of both spleen and bone marrow revealed an unusual diagnosis. A review of the ...
K?tter Ina - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Interferons are natural glycoproteins that have antiviral, antiproliferative and immune regulatory functions. They are not only involved in the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune conditions but are also useful in the treatment of some rheumatologic disorders, notably Beh?et's syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: Interferon alpha (IFNalpha) has been recommended for ...
De Serres Sacha A - - 2010
Despite advances in the field of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) and associated syndromes such as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), they still leave several issues unresolved. For instance, actual diagnostic criteria on which therapeutic decisions rely are relatively narrow and focused on TTP-HUS, with the consequence that ...
Ko Christine J - - 2010
The cutaneous presentation of a tumor sometimes has implications for a patient and his or her family, and Muir-Torre syndrome is an example of this. Because a single skin lesion can have broad consequences, it is important for clinicians to be aware of Muir-Torre syndrome. The definition, potential clues, the ...
Accurso Brent - - 2010
The multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes are a relatively uncommon group of genetic disorders characterized by the development of tumors in various endocrine organs. MEN type 2B is of particular interest to the dental profession because of its oral manifestations, which are often some of the earliest clinically detectable signs ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >