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Kim Jung-Ha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Menopause is associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome. There is growing evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction may lead to obesity and insulin resistance, which are major components of metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the relationship between mitochondrial function using leukocyte mitochondrial DNA copy number ...
Khoshdel Ali Reza - - 2012
The metabolic syndrome has been a useful, though controversial construct in clinical practice as well as a valuable model in order to understand the interactions of diverse cardiovascular risk factors. However the increasing importance of the circulatory system in particular the endothelium, in both connecting and controlling organ function has ...
Bhoi Sanjeev K - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome is associated with migraine but there is no study comparing the characteristics of migraine with and without metabolic syndrome from Southeast Asia. This study was therefore undertaken to compare the clinical characteristics of migraine in patients with and without metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. 135 consecutive patients with ...
Smith Peter M - - 2012
Sjögren's syndrome is a systemic autoimmune condition centred around salivary gland dysfunction and atrophy. There are a plethora of antibodies that mark the decline of the salivary glands, most of which relate to apoptopic mediated destruction of acinar cells. The best known of these autoantibodies, anti-Ro and anti-La form part ...
Gerkowicz Agnieszka - - 2012
Psoriasis is a chronic immune mediated inflammatory skin disease with a population prevalence of 2-3%. In recent years, psoriasis has been recognized as a systemic disease associated with metabolic syndrome or its components such as: obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension and atherogenic dyslipidemia. Many bioactive substances have appeared to be related ...
Marjani Abdoljalal - - 2012
Introduction. The present study aimed to assess the metabolic syndrome among postmenopausal women in Gorgan, Iran. Materials and Methods. The study was conducted on hundred postmenopausal women who were referred to the health centers in Gorgan. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed using Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) guidelines. Results. The ...
Yang Jing - - 2012
Berberine is known to inhibit the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells in vitro, improve glycemic control, and attenuate dyslipidemia in clinical study. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of berberine on preadipocytes isolated from human omental fat and in metabolic syndrome patients treated with berberine for 3 ...
Penjasković Davor - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is a cluster of medical disorders, is common and it is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between characteristics of metabolic syndrome and the grade of diastolic dysfunction. The study included 72 patients (29 male ...
Insawang Tonkla - - 2012
Epidemiology and animal models suggest that dietary monosodium glutamate (MSG) may contribute to the onset of obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Families (n = 324) from a rural area of Thailand were selected and provided MSG as the sole source for the use in meal preparation for 10 days. Three hundred forty-nine subjects ...
Nakanishi-Minami Tomoko - - 2012
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), especially obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), has frequent complications include hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance based on abdominal obesity or excess visceral fat (called Syndrome Z). OSA is a potential risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The clinical characteristics of Japanese OSA subjects with OSA remain unclear. The present ...
Eglit Triin - - 2012
Recently, it has been suggested that metabolic syndrome should be considered a premorbid condition in younger individuals. We evaluated the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Estonia and compared the characteristic profiles between morbid metabolic syndrome (previously established diabetes, hypertension, or dyslipidaemia) and premorbid metabolic syndrome subgroups. Our study was a ...
Yun Ji Eun - - 2012
 It is controversial as to whether metabolic syndrome is a predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) independent of insulin resistance (IR). The aim of this study was to determine the independent and combined effects of metabolic syndrome and IR on the incidence of CVD in a prospective cohort study.  A total ...
Brazdilova K - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between bone mineral density (examined by DXA - dual energy x-ray absorptiometry), vitamin D3 levels and the signs of metabolic syndrome. Methods: We examined 55 subjects (37 women, 18 men, age median 67.8 years) with no history of osteoporosis, ...
Laguardia Heather A - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome is characterized by a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors, including abdominal obesity, elevated blood pressure and glucose concentrations, and dyslipidemia. The presence of this clinical entity is becoming more pervasive throughout the globe as the prevalence of obesity increases worldwide. Moreover, there is increased recognition of the complications ...
Mallappa Rashmi H - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome is a complex disorder caused by a cluster of interrelated factors that increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. Obesity is the main precursor for metabolic syndrome that can be targeted in developing various therapies. With this view, several physical, psychological, pharmaceutical and dietary therapies ...
Balhara Yatan Pal Singh - - 2012
Tobacco is a leading contributor to morbidity and mortality globally. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, raised blood pressure, insulin resistance (with and without glucose intolerance), pro-inflammatory state, and pro-thrombotic state. Tobacco use is associated with various core components of metabolic syndrome. It has been found ...
Okafor Christian I - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of several cardiovascular risk factors. Contrary to earlier thoughts, metabolic syndrome is no longer rare in Africa. The prevalence is increasing, and it tends to increase with age. This increase in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the continent is thought to be due to ...
Mandrelle Kavita - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Infertility clinic in a tertiary care hospital. A prospective cross-sectional study. All the women attending the infertility clinic categorized as polycystic ovary syndrome according to Rotterdam criteria (2003) during ...
Woolston Andrew - - 2012
Exploratory factor analysis is a commonly used statistical technique in metabolic syndrome research to uncover latent structure amongst metabolic variables. The application of factor analysis requires methodological decisions that reflect the hypothesis of the metabolic syndrome construct. These decisions often raise the complexity of the interpretation from the output. We ...
Oliveira Lucivalda Pereira Magalhães - - 2012
The individual components of metabolic syndrome may be independent predictors of mortality in patients with liver disease. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its related components in hepatitis C virus-infected patients who are not obese and do not have type 2 diabetes. This cross-sectional study included ...
Matsuura Hideo H Department of Public Health, Wakayama Medical University School of Medicine, Wakayama, - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome has become a major worldwide public health problem. We examined the relationship between coffee consumption and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Japanese civil servants. The study participants were 3284 employees (2335 men and 948 women) aged 20 to 65 years. Using data from their 2008 health checkup ...
Cheung Jason Pui Yin JP Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong - - 2012
A 16-year-old boy with dystonia musculorum deformans underwent an operation for removal of femoral implants and excision of the prominence at the greater trochanter of the left hip. He was found to have fat embolism syndrome at postoperative day 1 as evidenced by confusion, respiratory symptoms, chest radiograph changes, raised ...
Kamal Nashwa Nabil NN Lecturer of public health, Public health department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt. - - 2012
The prevalence and magnitude of obesity in the children and the adolescents have increased dramatically in the developing countries over the last 20-30 years. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in children is increasing. This study aimed to investigate the changes of C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin, insulin, and blood lipids ...
Horakova Dagmar - - 2011
Background. Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (aFABP) has recently been identified as a potential circulating marker for metabolic syndrome. C-reactive protein (CRP), a sensitive marker of inflammation, is increased in individuals with diabetes and metabolic syndrome due to the development of subclinical inflammation. The study uses logistic regression models to analyze ...
Randolph John C - - 2011
Noonan syndrome describes a rare multisystem condition that manifests with Turner syndrome phenotype combined with numerous systemic and facial characteristics. The most common systemic findings include cardiac defects, short stature, chest deformity, hearing loss, and bleeding diatheses. Patients with Noonan syndrome are also at a greater risk of developing various ...
Kumar Vinod - - 2011
The authors report an unusual case of Marcus Gunn syndrome in an adult patient, characterized by classical Marcus Gunn on one side and inverse Marcus Gunn on the other side. The patient exhibited a "see-saw" kind of eyelid movement on opening and closing the mouth and on moving the jaw ...
Cantarini Luca - - 2011
Abstract Systemic autoinflammatory diseases are a group of inherited disorders of the innate immune system characterized by seemingly unprovoked inflammation recurring at variable intervals and involving skin, serosal membranes, joints, and gastrointestinal apparatus, with reactive amyloidosis as a possible severe long-term complication. Recent advances in genetics and molecular biology have ...
Ferreira Alberto Mendonca Pires - - 2011
Multiorgan dysfunction syndrome represents a continuum of cumulative organ dysfunction from very mildly altered function to total and, rarely, irreversible organ failure and is the major cause of death in the intensive care unit (ICU). The terms MULTIPLE ORGAN FAILURE SYNDROME ( MOFS), MULTIPLE ORGAN SYSTEM FAILURE ( MOSF), and ...
Wilson Michael E - - 2011
We present a case of central anticholinergic syndrome following dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography in an elderly female. Although atropine toxicity is a recognized complication of stress echocardiography, no case reports are currently available. The central nervous system side effects of atropine are varied in severity (mild cognitive impairment to severe coma) ...
Kak Vivek - - 2011
The systemic inflammatory response syndrome, the host's response to infection involves a series of cascading events that mobilize a series of mediators involving the immune system, complement, and the coagulation cascade. Although the initial focus of mediators is to limit infection, this cascade may run amok and cause the development ...
Koo Emily G Y - - 2011
Inflammation is an adaptive response to surgery. When the pro-inflammatory responses are unregulated and become over reactive, systemic inflammatory response syndrome may occur. Postoperative systemic inflammation is more common than is generally acknowledged and is observed in about 10-15% of elderly patients undergoing major surgery. Although the vast majority of ...
de Hollanda A - - 2011
The presence of systemic and/or immune manifestations in myelodysplasia has been currently reported. The influence of these manifestations on the natural outcome of myelodysplastic syndrome has to be considered. We present a multicenter retrospective study (2002-2009) of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome disclosing systemic and/or immune manifestations. Forty-six patients with myelodysplasia ...
Napoli Claudio - - 2011
The heart and kidney are physiologically interconnected. Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a pathological disorder where acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce dysfunction in the other one. Although classical studies have proposed a role for hypertension, dyslipidemia and endothelial dysfunction, CRS should be considered as a complex molecular ...
Grisold Wolfgang - - 2011
Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNSs) cover a wide range of diseases and involve both the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system. Paraneoplastic encephalitis comprises several diseases such as paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD), limbic encephalitis (LE), paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis (PEM), brainstem encephalitis, opsomyoclonus syndrome, in addition to other even less frequently ...
Arányi Z - - 2011
Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS), a variant of the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), is characterized by ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. The annual incidence is around one patient per one million population. The antiganglioside anti-GQ1b IgG antibody has a role in the pathogenesis of the syndrome, especially of ophthalmoplegia. The presence of this ...
Tachtsi Maria D - - 2011
Compressive myopathy syndrome (SCM) is a syndrome characterized by the lesion of skeletal muscle resulting in subsequent release of intracellular contents (myoglobin, creatine phosphokinase, potassium, etc.) into the circulatory system, which can cause potentially lethal complications. There are numerous causes that can lead to SCM resulting to acute rhabdomyolysis, and ...
Samson Andrea C - - 2011
The present paper investigated the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia) in relation to recalled experiences of having been laughed at in the past in individuals with Asperger's Syndrome (AS). About 45% of the individuals with AS (N = 40), but only 6% of the controls (N = 83) had at least a slight ...
Kats Suzanne - - 2011
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass provokes a systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by the surgical trauma itself, blood contact with the non-physiological surfaces of the extracorporeal circuit, endotoxemia, and ischemia. The role of endotoxin in the inflammatory response syndrome has been well investigated. In this report, we reviewed recent advances ...
de Jong Tim - - 2011
In about 30% of the patients with syndromal craniosynostosis, a genetic mutation can be traced. For the purpose of adequate genetic counseling and treatment of these patients, the full spectrum of clinical findings for each specific mutation needs to be appreciated. The Pro250Arg mutation in the FGFR3 gene is found ...
Kunihiro Yoshie - - 2011
Engraftment syndrome is a noninfectious pulmonary complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that represents a form of diffuse capillary leak associated with lung injury and pulmonary edema. The high-resolution computed tomography findings are interstitial edema and pleural effusions. A combination of clinical information and high-resolution computed tomography findings may help ...
Gregory Maria Elena - - 2011
Introduction: Dorsal midbrain syndrome (DMS) is characterized by upgaze paralysis, convergence-retraction nystagmus, and eyelid retraction. Impaired downgaze and pupillary light-near dissociation may co-exist, while less common features including exotropia and convergence paralysis have also been described. However, loss of motor fusion is not a well recognised finding in DMS. Purpose: ...
Amerson Erin Huiras - - 2011
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic has disproportionately affected tropical regions of the world, where dermatoses, such as leprosy and leishmaniasis, rarely encountered in temperate climates, are endemic. Although the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been lifesaving, a few patients undergoing HAART experience clinical deterioration caused by ...
Rothwell Stephen W - - 2011
Obesity is known to be associated with a large number of long-term morbidities, and while in some cases the relationship of obesity and the consequences is clear (for example, excess weight and lower extremity orthopedic problems) in others the mechanism is not as clear. One common system of categorizing overweight ...
George Peter - - 2011
To leptospirosis is the commonest spirocheatal infection in the tropical and temperate countries of Indian sub-continent and Africa and the most common zoonosis worldwide. The protean manifestation of this infectious disease is a challenge for practising clinicians across the world. In poor developing countries, at most clinical suspicion it is ...
McDonagh Antony F - - 2011
Controlled in vitro spectroscopic measurements reveal that bilirubin does not photosensitize the degradation of copper-porphyrins, as has been proposed for the mechanism of the bronze-baby syndrome, an uncommon side-effect of phototherapy. Calculations also show that copper-porphyrins are unlikely to cause the "bronzing." In conclusion, the copper-porphyrin hypothesis is photochemically implausible.
O'Meara Paloma - - 2011
Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) is a relatively rare clinical entity; even more so in response to vancomycin. Case report. We present a severe case of vancomycin-induced DRESS syndrome, which on presentation included only skin, hematological and mild liver involvement. The patient further developed severe acute interstitial ...
Tyrovolas Stefanos - - 2011
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the relationships between sociodemographic, clinical, and lifestyle characteristics and the presence of metabolic syndrome, among high and low altitude living elderly individuals without known CVD. During 2005-2011, 1959 elderly (aged 65 to 100 years) individuals from 13 Mediterranean islands were enrolled. ...
Reeder Blaine B Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems School of Nursing, Box 359442 University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2011
We conducted a pilot utility evaluation and information needs assessment of the Distribute Project at the 2010 Washington State Public Health Association (WSPHA) Joint Conference. Distribute is a distributed community-based syndromic surveillance system and network for detection of influenza-like illness (ILI). Using qualitative methods, we assessed the perceived usefulness of ...
Luttbeg Barney - - 2010
Many animals exhibit behavioural syndromes-consistent individual differences in behaviour across two or more contexts or situations. Here, we present adaptive, state-dependent mathematical models for analysing issues about behavioural syndromes. We find that asset protection (where individuals with more 'assets' tend be more cautious) and starvation avoidance, two state-dependent mechanisms, can ...
Dochtermann Ned A - - 2010
Current interest in behavioural syndromes, or 'animal personalities', reinforces a need for behavioural ecologists to adopt a multivariate view of phenotypes. Fortunately, many of the methodological and theoretical issues currently being dealt with by behavioural ecologists within the context of behavioural syndromes have previously been investigated by researchers in other ...
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