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van de Kar A L AL Department of Plastic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Plastic Surgery, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a multiple congenital anomalies-intellectual disability syndrome. One of the complications is keloid formation. Keloids are proliferative fibrous growths resulting from excessive tissue response to skin trauma. To describe the clinical characteristics of keloids in individuals with RSTS reported in literature and in a cohort of personally ...
Murúa M M Departamento de Ciencias Ecológicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Jardín Botánico Nacional, Viña del Mar, - - 2014
Pollination syndromes are defined as suites of floral traits evolved in response to selection imposed by a particular group of pollinators (e.g., butterflies, hummingbirds, bats). Although numerous studies demonstrated their occurrence in plants pollinated by radically different pollinators, it is less known whether it is possible to identify them within ...
Bowen Lauren N LN Department of Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, - - 2014
Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is associated with asymmetrical rigidity as well as asymmetrical limb-kinetic and ideomotor apraxia. Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is characterized by muscle stiffness and gait difficulties. Whereas patients with CBS have several forms of pathology, many patients with SPS have glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GAD-ab), but these two disorders ...
Wessinger Carolyn A CA Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, - - 2014
Distinct floral pollination syndromes have emerged multiple times during the diversification of flowering plants. For example, in western North America, a hummingbird pollination syndrome has evolved more than 100 times, generally from within insect-pollinated lineages. The hummingbird syndrome is characterized by a suite of floral traits that attracts and facilitates ...
Kelly Patricia A PA Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital - - 2014
The case report features a patient who had a diagnosis of a common type of breast cancer with an uncommon neurologic syndrome. She had extreme pain and progressive stiffness with cognitive and functional decline. This article includes the pathogenesis and treatment options for a rare, but treatable, autoimmune disorder of ...
Wilkins Adam S AS Stellenbosch Institute of Advanced Study, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa Institute of Theoretical Biology, Humboldt University zu Berlin, Berlin 10115, Germany - - 2014
Charles Darwin, while trying to devise a general theory of heredity from the observations of animal and plant breeders, discovered that domesticated mammals possess a distinctive and unusual suite of heritable traits not seen in their wild progenitors. Some of these traits also appear in domesticated birds and fish. The ...
Werner Christian C Hans-Berger Department of Neurology, Jena University Hospital, Erlanger Allee, 07747, Jena, - - 2014
The majority of patients with stiff person-syndrome (SPS) are characterized by autoantibodies to glutamate decarboxylase 65 (GAD65). In previous passive-transfer studies, SPS immunoglobulin G (IgG) induced SPS core symptoms. We here provide evidence that SPS-IgG causes a higher frequency of spontaneous vesicle fusions. Sustained GABAergic transmission and presynaptic GABAergic vesicle ...
Auerbach Andrew A Division of Thoracic Surgery and Interventional Pulmonology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a recently discovered autosomal-dominant disease caused by a mutation in the folliculin gene. We report a patient with familial spontaneous pneumothorax who was found to have BHD syndrome. Patients with a personal and family history of pneumothoraces and computed tomographic (CT) findings of multiple pulmonary cysts ...
Stevens Virginie M VM CNRS USR 2936 Station d'Ecologie Expérimentale de Moulis. Route du CNRS, 09200, Moulis, - - 2014
Dispersal, the behaviour ensuring gene flow, tends to covary with a number of morphological, ecological and behavioural traits. While species-specific dispersal behaviours are the product of each species' unique evolutionary history, there may be distinct interspecific patterns of covariation between dispersal and other traits ('dispersal syndromes') due to their shared ...
Demertzi Athena A Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Centre & Neurology Department , University and University Hospital of Liège, Liège , Belgium - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Patients with locked-in syndrome often self-report a higher quality of life than generally expected. This study reports third-person attitudes towards several salient issues on locked-in syndrome. Methods: Close-ended survey among conference attendees from 33 European countries. Analysis included chi-square tests and logistic regressions. Results: From the 3332 respondents ...
Kobayashi Rei R Department of Thoracic Surgery, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stiff-person syndrome (formerly known as stiff-man syndrome) is a very rare autoimmune and neurogenic disorder, thought to present as a paraneoplastic variant in association with thymoma. Pure red blood cell aplasia is also a paraneoplastic disorder associated with thymoma. Although separate cases of stiff-person syndrome and pure red blood cell ...
Jung Yu Jin YJ Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea ; Movement Disorder Center, Parkinson Study Group, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is a rare disorder, characterized by progressive fluctuating muscular rigidity and spasms. Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibody is primarily involved in the pathogenesis of SPS and SPS is strongly associated with other autoimmune disease. Here we report three cases of patients with classical SPS finally confirmed by ...
Porto G G GG Program in Forensic Science, University of Pernambuco, Pernambuco, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome among Brazilian oral and maxillofacial surgeons and its relationship with socio-demographic, clinical, and habit variables. The sample of this study comprised 116 surgeons. The syndrome was quantified using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (General Survey), which defines burnout ...
Skirrow Paul P ABI Rehabilitation New Zealand Ltd, Wellington, - - 2014
A growing number of studies have highlighted impairments in the ability of individuals with autism spectrum disorders to recall specific, personally experienced material. These difficulties have been related to underlying problems with autonoetic consciousness, namely the subjective awareness of one's own existence in subjective time. The current paper describes the ...
Rosas-Guerrero Víctor V Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 27-3 (Xangari), 58089, Morelia, Michoacán, México; Unidad Académica en Desarrollo Sustentable, Campus Costa Grande, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Carretera Nacional Acapulco Zihuatanejo Km 106 + 900, Colonia Las Tunas, Tecpan de Galeana, Guerrero, 40900, - - 2014
The idea of pollination syndromes has been largely discussed but no formal quantitative evaluation has yet been conducted across angiosperms. We present the first systematic review of pollination syndromes that quantitatively tests whether the most effective pollinators for a species can be inferred from suites of floral traits for 417 ...
Liu Hui-Liang HL Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresource in Arid Land, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China ; Turpan Eremophytes Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Turpan 838008, - - 2014
Diaspore characteristics of 22 families, including 102 genera and 150 species (55 represented by seeds and 95 by fruits) from the Gurbantunggut Desert were analyzed for diaspore biological characteristics (mass, shape, color, and appendage type). The diaspore mass and shape were significantly different in phylogeny group (APG) and dispersal syndromes; ...
Huey Edward D ED Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2014
In Response to: Giorelli M, Losignore NA, Bagnoli J, et al. The progression of posterior cortical atrophy to corticobasal syndrome: Lumping or splitting neurodegenerative diseases? Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov. 2014; 4. doi: 10.7916/D81G0JCQ.
Poh Mervyn Q W MQ Department of Neurology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Barker St., Randwick, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Paraneoplastic stiff-person syndrome (SPS) has been associated with antibodies against amphiphysin. Current evidence supports a pathogenic role for anti-amphiphysin antibodies. A 74-year-old female was diagnosed with amphiphysin-associated paraneoplastic stiff-person syndrome and associated encephalomyelitis. She had initial response to IVIG, however her symptoms worsened after two months and were resistant to ...
Therawiwat Manirat - - 2013
To determine factors related to stages of change regarding dietary intake of persons with metabolic syndrome in Uthai Thani. Five hundred metabolic syndrome persons were randomly selected using a three-stage sampling method and voluntarily responded to a validated, self-administered questionnaire. Majority of the respondents (36.4%) had dietary practices in the ...
De la Fuente Solana Emilia I - - 2013
Background: Police work is currently one of the most stressful occupations. High levels of stress can culminate in suffering the burnout syndrome. This syndrome is characterised by emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and low personal accomplishment. Police officers, despite being a risk group, have been investigated less than other professional groups. The ...
Alexopoulos Harry - - 2013
Antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), the rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of GABA, are associated with an array of distinct, mostly autoimmune, neurological conditions. In all associated syndromes, namely stiff person syndrome, cerebellar ataxia, epilepsy, limbic encephalitis or abnormal eye movements, anti-GAD antibodies are detected at high titers and ...
Zhang F-R FR The authors' full names, degrees, and affiliations are listed in the - - 2013
Dapsone is used in the treatment of infections and inflammatory diseases. The dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome, which is associated with a reported mortality of 9.9%, develops in about 0.5 to 3.6% of persons treated with the drug. Currently, no tests are available to predict the risk of the dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome. ...
Del Brutto Oscar H - - 2013
Epidemiologic studies assessing cardiovascular risk factors affecting a given population may prove cost-effective to reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases in the developing world. We evaluated the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Atahualpa, a village representative of rural coastal Ecuador. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its correlation with ...
Vetrugno Roberto - - 2013
Orthostatic tremor (OT) is a rare, enigmatic, and poorly understood movement disorder triggered exclusively by standing, typically with the clinical complaint of unsteadiness and pathognomonic neurophysiologic characteristic of 13-18 Hz bursting EMG pattern, i.e., partially fused muscle contraction.(1) Abnormal muscle tone control with stiffness, hyperactive startle responses, and limb spasms ...
Komur Mustafa - - 2013
Moyamoya syndrome is a chronic, progressive occlussion of cerebrovascular arteries that leads to the development of characteristic collateral vessels. It is usually accompanied with sickle cell disease and other hemoglobinopathies. We report a 7-year-old boy, who admitted to our clinic with headache, diagnosed as moyamoya syndrome associated with sickle cell ...
Low W-K - - 2013
Objective: Except for a single case report, musical ear syndrome in cochlear implantees has not been studied. We aimed to study the prevalence and nature of musical ear syndrome among adult cochlear implant patients, as well as the effect on their emotional well-being. Study design, patients and intervention: A cross-sectional ...
Treffert Darold A - - 2013
It was 126 years ago that Down first described savant syndrome as a specific condition and 70 years ago that Kanner first described Early Infantile Autism. While as many as one in ten autistic persons have savant abilities, such special skills occur in other CNS conditions as well such that approximately 50 % ...
Satgé Daniel - - 2013
Lung cancer is rare in persons with Down syndrome, and the clinical presentation of the disease has not been described in adults with intellectual disability. We report the first detailed clinical observation of a 33-year-old man with Down syndrome who developed an adenocarcinoma of the lung 30 years after an ...
Wright Kevin M - - 2013
How adaptive traits that are controlled by multiple genes evolve is an intriguing question in evolutionary genetics. A recent study shows that tight linkage allows genes that contribute to a multitrait pollination syndrome to be inherited together as a unit.
Wong M Y L - - 2013
Using the social clown anemonefish Amphiprion ocellaris, whether individuals exhibited consistency in activity levels, boldness and sociability in a paired context, and whether these three behavioural traits were positively correlated within a single behavioural syndrome, was investigated. The results highlight that consistent individual differences in behaviour are expressed in a ...
Tagajdid Mohamed Rida - - 2013
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe adverse cutaneous reactions to drugs. We describe the case of a 19 year old patient with SJS/TEN overlap syndrome, who developed severe interstitial pneumonia after she had received antiepileptic drugs. A cytomegalovirus infection was diagnosed by Real Time Polymerase Chain ...
Shirley Matthew D MD Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Biology Program, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and Department of Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Hugo W. Moser Research Institute at Kennedy Krieger, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2013
The Sturge-Weber syndrome is a sporadic congenital neurocutaneous disorder characterized by a port-wine stain affecting the skin in the distribution of the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve, abnormal capillary venous vessels in the leptomeninges of the brain and choroid, glaucoma, seizures, stroke, and intellectual disability. It has been hypothesized ...
Hermann Katrin - - 2013
Most flowering plants depend on animal vectors for pollination and seed dispersal. Differential pollinator preferences lead to premating isolation and thus reduced gene flow between interbreeding plant populations [1-4]. Sets of floral traits, adapted to attract specific pollinator guilds, are called pollination syndromes [5]. Shifts in pollination syndromes have occurred ...
Stochholm Kirstine - - 2013
One of the most common sex chromosomal abnormalities in females is 47,XXX syndrome, which is characterized by tall stature and reduced IQ, but with a variable phenotype. In order to elaborate on the characteristics of this syndrome, we undertook an investigation in all diagnosed 47,XXX females at risk in Denmark ...
Sacks Oliver - - 2013
Hallucinations of musical notation may occur in a variety of conditions, including Charles Bonnet syndrome, Parkinson's disease, fever, intoxications, hypnagogic and hypnopompic states. Eight cases are described here, and their possible cerebral mechanisms discussed.
McCabe Linda L - - 2013
Personalized Medicine represents a paradigm shift in the conceptual framework of research and clinical care. This shift argues that Down syndrome is a treatable condition, and therefore we must invest in research to improve outcomes. Individuals with Down syndrome have varying levels of increased risk for a number of co-morbidities, ...
Torres Georgia - - 2013
Abstract Background: The optimal exercise load/intensity for exercise programs for individuals with metabolic syndrome has not been investigated. One method of determining optimal exercise load is to measure the blood lactate transition threshold (BLTT), referred to as the anaerobic threshold (AT). This study investigated the reproducibility of BLTT testing and ...
Beunders Gea - - 2013
Genomic rearrangements involving AUTS2 (7q11.22) are associated with autism and intellectual disability (ID), although evidence for causality is limited. By combining the results of diagnostic testing of 49,684 individuals, we identified 24 microdeletions that affect at least one exon of AUTS2, as well as one translocation and one inversion each ...
Moles Angela T - - 2013
Most plant species have a range of traits that deter herbivores. However, understanding of how different defences are related to one another is surprisingly weak. Many authors argue that defence traits trade off against one another, while others argue that they form coordinated defence syndromes. We collected a dataset of ...
Kansara Bhuvnesh - - 2013
Marfan syndrome is an inherited, connective-tissue disorder transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. Cardinal features of the disorder include tall stature, ectopia lentis, mitral valve prolapse, aortic root dilatation, and aortic dissection. Pectus excavatum may exist as an isolated lesion or in association with a genetic syndrome such as Marfan ...
Paciaroni Maurizio - - 2013
Luigi Pirandello was an Italian playwright, novelist, short story writer, poet, and one of the leading dramatists of the twentieth century. Pirandello used his plays and short stories to express his life philosophy which included the irony and bitterness of self-deception. In his works, his characters possess highly complex personalities, ...
Chapman Ben B - - 2013
Animal personality has been widely documented across a range of species. The concept of personality is composed of individual behavioural consistency across time and between situations, and also behavioural trait correlations known as behavioural syndromes. Whilst many studies have now investigated the stability of individual personality traits, few have analysed ...
Domenico Scopelliti - - 2013
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a genomic neurodevelopmental disorder, estimated to occur in approximately 1 in 10,000 persons. It is caused by a deletion of the "elastin" gene on chromosome 7q11.23 and was described officially in 1961 by Williams, Barrat-Boyes, and Lowe. Cleft palate is not considered in the medical literature ...
Dai Jianye - - 2013
Increased attention is being paid to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as a complementary and alternative medicine to provide an effective approach for personalized diagnosis and clinical treatment. TMC performs treatment based on differentiation of TCM syndrome (ZHENG), which may identify special phenotypes by symptoms and signs of patients even if ...
Duncan Tanya M - - 2013
Plants that are highly selfing typically exhibit a suite of morphological traits termed a "selfing syndrome," including reduced corollas and reproductive structures, loss of corolla pigmentation, little anther-stigma separation, and a lower pollen/ovule (P/O) ratio. While it is typically assumed that these changes are adaptive, few attempts have been made ...
Brucknerova Ingrid - - 2012
It is well known that the names of discoverers are commonly used in medical terminology, especially in everyday use. The advantage of an eponym is that a complex description of a certain syndrome, surgical procedure, manifestations of a particular disease, or its details, can be expressed in a single word ...
Chen Hongbin - - 2012
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease in six epidemic provinces of China and was identified to be caused by a novel bunyavirus in 2009. It is progressive in nature and potentially fatal. SFTS usually occurs as sporadic cases and is considered a tick-transmitted disease. Here ...
Krishna Vivek R - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old woman presented with several weeks of psychiatric symptoms, partial-onset seizures, and painful spasms of the lower extremities. On examination, she exhibited severe stiffness and intermittent extensor spasms of the lower extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed T2 hyperintensity in the left temporal lobe with enhancement ...
Alcalde-Eon C - - 2012
Three different pollination syndromes (bee, hummingbird and moth-pollination syndromes) have been described for the different species of the genus Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae). Two closely related species from a phylogenetic point of view, Schizanthus grahamii and Schizanthus hookeri, show hummingbird and bee-pollination syndromes, respectively. One of the traits used ...
Adriaenssens Bart - - 2012
Individuals often show consistent behavioural differences where behaviours can form integrated units across functionally different contexts. However, the factors causing and maintaining behavioural syndromes in natural populations remain poorly understood. In this study, we provide evidence for the emergence of a behavioural syndrome during the first months of life in ...
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