Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 368
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >
Letizia C - - 1991
The presence of a circulating inhibitor of factor VIII was observed and described in several pathological conditions. In the present study we describe the case of a patient with a severe haemorrhagic syndrome caused by the presence of a circulating inhibitor of factor VIII discovered following abdominal surgery for an ...
Thirlby R C - - 1990
Previous studies have suggested that the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a key factor in the syndrome of portasystemic encephalopathy. We report the case of a patient with medically intractable portasytemic encephalopathy after portacaval shunt who had marked clinical improvement after creation of an end ileostomy. Plasma GABA and ...
Lanspa S J - - 1990
Forty-four asymptomatic putative Lynch syndrome patients participated in a colonoscopy screening program. There were 18 men and 26 women; mean age was 44 yr. Thirty percent of Lynch syndrome patients had at least one adenoma; 20% had multiple adenomas. In 18% of the patients, adenomas were discovered proximal to the ...
Friend W G - - 1990
Sulindac causes both regression and suppression of colorectal polyps in patients with Gardner's syndrome and familial polyposis coli. Three patients with Gardner's syndrome and multiple colonic polyps had complete regression of polyps after two to three months of sulindac therapy. The implication that sulindac may prevent colorectal cancer and prophylactic ...
MacColl C - - 1990
A 73-yr-old white woman admitted with lobar pneumonia and congestive heart failure developed progressive colonic pseudoobstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) 2 days after admission which was unrelieved by diatrizoate meglumine (Gastrografin, Squibb Canada, Montreal) enema and rectal tube. Cisapride, a new gastrointestinal prokinetic agent, was administered intravenously with full resolution of the ...
Aricó M - - 1990
Turcot's syndrome, the association of brain tumor (usually glioblastoma, medullo-blastoma, or astrocytoma) and colonic polyps, is a very rare condition of which about 20 cases have been reported. It has been described only once previously with cancer in a third organ system. In this paper, we report a child affected ...
Halata M S - - 1989
A 14-year-old patient who was eventually found to have Gardner syndrome initially presented at the age of 3 years with a desmoid tumor involving the scalp. A careful review of the family history revealed a high incidence of colonic cancer, which prompted endoscopic evaluation of the patient. The discovery of ...
Finan M C - - 1989
Well recognized cutaneointestinal syndromes in which colonic polyps are a constant and defining feature include Gardner's syndrome (familial adenomatous polyposis), Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, and Cronkhite-Canada syndrome. Colonic polyps are also found with increased frequency in Cowden's disease, the Muir-Torre syndrome, and neurofibromatosis. The Ruvalcaba-Myhre-Smith syndrome is a newly defined entity in ...
Singh P - - 1989
Ogilvie's syndrome of colonic pseudo-obstruction has been reported in a wide variety of systemic disorders including blunt and surgical trauma but apparently not as a complication of radical hysterectomy with pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy. Its occurrence following extensive paraaortic dissection in this case but no report so far of its ...
Schwartz R A - - 1989
The Muir-Torre syndrome of sebaceous neoplasms of the skin, with or without keratoacanthomas, and multiple low-grade visceral malignancies with prolonged survival is a rare disorder. Colonic polyps are frequently present, and the syndrome appears to be familial. We report 2 unrelated patients with the Muir-Torre syndrome. Each case exhibited sebaceous ...
Jamjoom Z A - - 1989
We report a case of Turcot's syndrome in a 20-year old man with multiple adenomatous polyps of the colon and glioblastoma multiforme. Detailed histopathological study of all 25 polyps removed from his colon confirmed the distinct morphological and numerical features of the colonic polyposis in Turcot's syndrome. Moreover, 45% of ...
Burt R W - - 1988
Adenomatous polyps are the benign precursors of colorectal adenocarcinoma. Colonic adenomas occur commonly in adults in Western countries. There is recent evidence that inheritance may play an important role in the etiology of these adenomatous polyps. Colonic adenomatous polyposis (numerous colonic adenomas) is the central feature of several rare inherited ...
Ganc A J - - 1988
The authors propose a new technique of decompression of the colon consisting in percutaneous cecostomy with previous extraperitonization of the cecum under colonoscopic orientation. The technique permits decompression of the entire colon through the insertion of a ceco-anal multiperforated Levine tube on withdrawing the colonoscope. It is a new therapeutic ...
Malhotra R - - 1988
A 73-yr-old man with the clinical features of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome developed colonic carcinoma. Radiologic and endoscopic examination revealed numerous polyps involving the stomach and large intestine. Histologic examination of the biopsied polyps revealed polypoidal lesions covered by a single layer of normal columnar mucus-secreting epithelial cells. The stroma of each ...
O'Dell K - - 1987
We report a case of the rare concurrence of total colonic aganglionosis and central hypoventilation. The relevant literature regarding the association of these syndromes, the reversal of male to female predominance in total colonic aganglionosis v Hirschsprung's disease, their association with pheochromocytoma and neuroblastoma, and the possible etiologic role of ...
Matushek K J - - 1987
Concomitant gastric and mesenteric volvulus was diagnosed in a 5-year-old Komondorok. Despite surgical correction of both displacements, the dog died 14 hours after surgery. Although gastric volvulus is a well-known syndrome in dogs, mesenteric volvulus has been reported infrequently. This report illustrates the importance of radiography in cases of suspected ...
Watne A L - - 1987
While the inheritance pattern of familial polyposis coli is established as an autosomal dominant pattern, the expression of the various extracolonic manifestations associated with the neoplastic polyposis is less well understood. The discrete polyp cancer syndrome may not be recognized unless both polyps and colon cancer are considered in the ...
Narita T - - 1987
A case of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is reported in which 52 colonic polyps were resected endoscopically. Of these, 49 were hamartomatous and showed no adenomatous or carcinomatous changes. In the other three polyps, adenomatous change and foci of adenocarcinoma were present. The investigation of the sites of adenomas and carcinomas in ...
Orangio G R - - 1986
Hepatodiaphragmatic interposition of the colon is a rare anomaly described by Chilaiditi in 1910. Usually this syndrome presents as an asymptomatic roentgen finding, although occasionally it is associated with a broad range of gastrointestinal symptoms. The hallmark of therapy is conservative, and rarely has surgical intervention been indicated. This is ...
Anuras S - - 1986
Colonic pseudoobstruction can occur as part of a generalized chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction syndrome or as an isolated entity. Isolated colonic pseudoobstruction can occur in two unrelated forms: the acute and chronic forms. Acute colonic pseudoobstruction is frequently a hospital-acquired disease that arises as a complication of other illnesses. The syndrome ...
Brolin R E - - 1986
Successful use of colon interposition has not been previously reported in an adult with short bowel syndrome. This article describes the course of a 34-year-old woman who had interposition of an 18 cm segment of sigmoid colon between 5 cm of proximal jejunum and 7 cm of terminal ileum after ...
Sasaki D - - 1986
Endoscopic retrograde bowel insertion (ERBI), a new method, offers rapid access to the entire colon for pressure sensors. The authors measured the pressure of both the ascending colon and the sigmoid colon and related them to the bowel habits of the subjects. The following groups were studied: control subjects, patients ...
Rappaport L B - - 1986
A patient with Cronkhite-Canada syndrome had multiple juvenile colonic polyps with hyperplastic, adenomatous, and mixed villous and adenomatous changes. A Dukes B mucus-secreting adenocarcinoma of the cecum was also present. Currently considered a benign disease, the Cronkhite-Canada syndrome may be a premalignant disorder, as our patient's course suggests. We review ...
Caccese W J - - 1985
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction that occurs in the setting of an underlying medical condition is known as Ogilvie's syndrome. The etiology of Ogilvie's syndrome is unknown, and associated medical illnesses are varied and often extra-abdominal. While herpes zoster infection has been reported to cause constipation and hypomotility, the association with massive ...
Romeo D P - - 1985
In diverse clinical settings, injury or impairment of the peripheral autonomic nervous system may cause acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. The mechanism has remained elusive since Ogilvie's original description. In classic Ogilvie's syndrome, colonic pseudo-obstruction is associated with malignant invasion of the prevertebral ganglia, and may be mediated through the colocolonic reflex, ...
Narducci F - - 1985
Patients with the irritable colon syndrome have an exaggerated and/or prolonged colonic motor response to eating. This is believed to be the cause of their postprandial complaints. Since the flux of calcium ions across cell membranes plays a major role in the contractions of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle, we investigated ...
Shapir J - - 1985
This report describes the radiologic findings in the recently described syndrome of multiple colonic polyps and malignant tumors of neurocrest origin. One patient had multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 11B with malignant medullary thyroid carcinoma, another had malignant pheochromocytoma, and the third had malignant carcinoid tumor. All patients had multiple ...
Katayama Y - - 1985
A 52-year-old man with the clinical features of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome developed rectal cancer. Radiologic and endoscopic examinations revealed gastrointestinal polyposis. Histologic examination of the biopsied polyps showed cystic dilatation of glands with an inflammatory stroma. A later biopsy from a rectal polyp proved to be an adenocarcinoma. The totally resected ...
Lorentzen M - - 1984
A 66-year-old woman with long-standing systemic sclerosis presented with fever, acute abdominal pain and tenderness. She was treated with antibiotics. At laparotomy six weeks later, a narrow, stiff, friable and fibrotic right colon was found with histological features of scleroderma. The acute attack was interpreted as an ischaemic episode of ...
Fallingborg J - - 1984
A 25-year-old previously healthy man developed complete Behçet's syndrome during five weeks. His main complaint was diarrhea with blood. Ulcers resembling aphthous ulcers of the mouth were revealed in the transverse, left and sigmoid colon by X-ray and sigmoidoscopy. Prednisone therapy was initiated and resulted in complete clinical restitution within ...
White S W - - 1982
This benign tumor derived from eccrine sweat glands is usually found on the distal extremities. It is related to a syringoma and must be distinguished from a sweat gland carcinoma. It occurs most often in black patients. Complete surgical excision is the treatment.
Massac E E - - 1982
A patient presented with peptic ulcer disease and nephrolithiasis. Laboratory investigation disclosed hyperparathyroidism and following neck exploration, hypercalcemia persisted. After two years' follow-up, a retroesophageal mass that proved to be a parathyroid adenoma was discovered. This case is presented to illustrate the unusual occurrence of a posterior mediastinal tumor and ...
Cohen M D - - 1982
There are no previous reports of small left colon syndrome in twins. Small left colon syndrome is reported in 2 sets of twins. In 1 set 1 twin had clinical and radiographic signs of small left colon syndrome. The sib was clinically normal and had no radiographic studies. In the ...
Ikeda K - - 1981
A 57-year-old male presented with abrupt melena. Numerous polypoid lesions were found in the stomach and colon accompanied by characteristic ectodermal changes of the Cronkhite Canada syndrome. He had undergone a left side hemicolectomy for colon cancer 3 years previously. Two months after the operation, he had noticed hyperpigmentation of ...
Marks I - - 1981
Space phobia in 13 patients is described with features distinct from agoraphobia. Its hallmark is fear of absent visuospatial support (open spaces) and of falling, unlike the fear of public places found in agoraphobia. Other distinctions are the much later mean age of onset (55 years compared with 24 years), ...
Lopez M J - - 1981
Pseudo-obstruction of the colon, or Ogilvie's syndrome, is characterized by an adynamic, dilated, unobstructed colon, the exact cause of which remains obscure. Although several precipitating factors have been described in the literature, we have observed three patients whose pseudo-obstruction of the colon occurred during interstitial and intracavitary pelvic irradiation. Such ...
Danes B S - - 1981
Assays of in vitro biological properties associated with cellular transformation revealed differences in cultured skin cells within the heritable colon cancer syndromes with polyposis coli. Such evidence suggested that genetic heterogeneity, long assumed from in vivo differences in extracolonic lesions in these syndromes, could be detected in vitro. None of ...
Sammarco C J - - 1981
This article examines a rare association of carpal tunnel syndrome and trigger finger produced by a single flexor tendon tumor. Examination and treatment is also discussed.
Hamilton S R - - 1979
Adenomas of the ileal mucosa are an uncommon finding in adenomatous polyposis coli/Gardner's syndrome. We report 9 patients who were found to have ileal adenomas 1 yr 11 mo to 25 yr 11 mo after colectomy. The ileal adenomas occurred proximal to an ileorectal anastomosis in 7 patients, both proximal ...
Thomas J H - - 1979
Fiberoptic colonoscopy has significantly altered the managment of patients with colonic diseases. Complications of colonoscopy are not common, but most often include hemorrhage and perforation. This report describes an unusual and interesting case of colonic perforation related to fiberoptic colonoscopy in which the perforation presented as bilateral pneumothoraces.
Brereton W D - - 1978
The mechanism herein described is a simple, safe and resonably inexpensive way to add a power reclining feature to an electric wheelchair. Because of its novel linkage arrangement the device is compact and fits within the perimeter of the existing wheelchair without the need to relocate the battery or otherwise ...
Keshgegian A A - - 1978
A case of a woman with Gardner's syndrome, originally manifested by multiple adenomatous polyps of the colon, is presented. She underwent subtotal colectomy at 14 years of age. Over the next 15 years she had a composite odontoma, an impacted supernumerary tooth, two epidermal inclusion cysts, multicentric paillary-follicular adenocarcinoma of ...
Morgan C L CL - - 1978
Two patients with the prune belly syndrome demonstrated colon calcifications and anorectal malformations. Bladder outlet obstruction was present in both cases. Calcifications were also found in the renal collecting system and bladder of one patient. No fistula was demonstrated between the genitourinary tract and bowel in either infant at autopsy. ...
Mokry J E - - 1978
Cnephia mutata was successfully induced to complete two entire generations in the laboratory. Owing to its triploid condition, this simuliid is parthenogenetic and mature eggs may be dissected from the ovaries, thus eliminating both mating and oviposition. C. mutata in Newfoundland is also autogenous, making blood-feeding unnecessary. Progress towards colonization ...
Berdon W E - - 1977
Neonatal small left colon syndrome is a cause of functional colon obstruction in newborn infants, with a high association of maternal diabetes. There has been much confusion regarding its relationship to meconium plug syndrome and aganglionosis. Six cases of aganglionosis (2 in infants of diabetic mothers) were encountered in which ...
Snape W J WJ - - 1977
Although the irritable bowel syndrome is characterized as an abnormality in colonic motor activity occurring in response to certain stimuli, the etiology of this disorder is unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of altered slow wave activity and the abnormal motility of the distal colon ...
Nilsen K H - - 1977
A case of Behçet's syndrome with mucosal ulcerations of the ascending colon and three perforations of the caecum is described. It is the first documented case of this syndrome where colitis has occurred without concomitant rectal lesions. The reported cases of Behçet's syndrome with associated colonic lesions make up a ...
Zahra M - - 1977
Abnormal calcification on skull films in the region of the sella turcica is not commonly found with chromophobe adenoma. A patient with such calcification in a verified chromophobe adenoma is presented. From the literature the incidence of calcification in these tumours is reviewed. The importance of considering a chromophobe adenoma ...
Hughes J H - - 1976
A patient in whom suprahepatic interposition of the colon was found with primary trisomy 21 (Down's syndrome) is described. While both syndromes are rare, their coincidental occurrence in the same patient has not been previously reported. The possibility that a chromosomal abnormality may exist in patients who have suprahepatic interposition ...
Deffrenne P - - 1976
After transit through the small intestine barium enters the large intestine and its characteristics in that gut segment can be studied. The pattern of distribution of barium in the colon is always altered in patients with malabsorption syndromes. The physical basis for this alteration is analysed in a manner analagous ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >