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Koff Stephen A - - 2002
PURPOSE: We determine the etiology and treat the specific pathophysiology of the valve bladder syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Defined as persisting or progressive severe hydroureteronephrosis without residual or recurrent obstruction, the valve bladder syndrome developed in 18 boys who underwent successful ablation of the posterior urethral valve. Serial radiographic, renal ...
Ohta S - - 2001
Aegilops caudata L. is an annual wild relative of wheat distributed over the northeastern Mediterranean basin. It consists of two taxonomic varieties, var. typica with awnless lateral spikelets and var.polyathera with awned lateral spikelets. To clarify the variation and the geographical distribution of the genotypes controlling the diagnostic spike morphology ...
Pearce C B - - 2001
We describe the case of a patient with Rett syndrome, a syndrome characterized by progressive infant encephalopathy, developmental delay, dementia, autism, ataxia, microcephaly, spastic paraparesis, and autonomic neuropathy with constipation. At colonoscopy, multiple foci of tiny white, sessile, polypoid lesions were seen throughout the colon and rectum, mimicking the appearances ...
Bharucha Adil E. - - 2001
Idiopathic slow-transit constipation is a clinical syndrome predominantly affecting women, characterized by intractable constipation and delayed colonic transit. This syndrome is attributed to disordered colonic motor function. The disorder spans a spectrum of variable severity, ranging from patients who have relatively mild delays in transit but are otherwise indistinguishable from ...
Lim L H - - 2001
Sundapolystoma chalconotae. n. g., n. sp. (Polystomatidae, Polystomatinae) is proposed for a new polystomatid from the urinary bladder of Rana chalconota (Schlegel) in Peninsular Malaysia. This is the first species of polystomatid to be described from the amphibians of Peninsular Malaysia and the second for the Southeast Asian region. This ...
Masumoto K K Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kitakyushu Municipal Medical Center, - - 2001
Cornelia de Lange syndrome is known to be occasionally associated with gastrointestinal malformation. However, the occurrence of cecal volvulus in such anomalies is very rare. We report a 15-y-old Japanese boy with Cornelia de Lange syndrome associated with a cecal volvulus secondary to non-fixation of the cecum and ascending colon. ...
Wittekind C - - 2001
Ampullary adenomas arising in the papilla or the ampulla Vateri, are rare, benign, neoplastic lesions. No specific aetiological factors, such as diet, chemical or environmental causes, have been identified yet. An established risk factor which is accompanied by the development of adenoma is the presence of genetically inherited polyposis syndromes, ...
Giunta R - - 2001
The case of a 43-year-old male with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (stage IV B), and hypo-IgG and IgM, who developed acute colonic pseudo-obstruction or Ogilvie's syndrome during chemotherapy, is presented. The simultaneous occurrence of a unilateral segmental vesicular rash indicative of herpes zoster infection suggests an etiopathogenetic relationship between the colonic pseudo-obstruction ...
Chacko J P - - 2000
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy with a reported incidence of 7 to 16% of the general population in Western studies. Since this has not been well studied in the Arabian peninsula, we studied 100 patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. We studied 100 Omani patients with Carpal ...
Lowichik A - - 2000
Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRRS) is a disorder that includes juvenile polyposis as part of its pathologic spectrum, and it recently has been shown to share phenotypic and genotypic features with Cowden's disease. In existing literature, descriptions of intestinal pathology in patients with BRRS are relatively sparse and occasionally erroneous. We describe ...
Flemming R G - - 2000
A protocol was developed for studying the growth of bacteria upon polyurethanes subsequent to the establishment of an adherent bacterial population. An inocula of approximately 10(5) cfu S. aureus were spread on functionalized polyurethanes which included Pellethane, sulfonated Pellethane, phosphonated Pellethane, quaternized amine polyurethanes, and a zwitterionic phosphonated polyurethane. After ...
Caner H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In this study we report a rare complication after lumbar surgery, Ogilvie's syndrome, that presents as acute colonic dilatation in the absence of mechanical obstruction. CASE: A 43-year-old obese woman underwent lumbar surgery for L4-L5 lumbar disc herniation. The patient complained of persistent abdominal distention and lack of bowel ...
Kaymakçioğlu N - - 2000
In 1910, Chiliaditi described hepatodiaphragmatic interposition of the colon (Chiliaditi's syndrome). The condition is easily recognised on an antero-posterial chest radiograph. The interposed segment of bowel is usually the hepatic flexure of the colon. The degree of interposition varies from simple wedging to complete occupation of the right subdiaphragmatic space. ...
al Drees K - - 2000
A 12 year old female child of Arab origin presented with chronic bloody diarrhoea and growth failure. Physical examination confirmed a growth failure and cafe-au-lait patches. Colonoscopy and colon biopsies showed adenocarcinoma of the colon and laparotomy confirmed metastases to the liver. A diagnosis of Turcot's Syndrome was entertained in ...
Desai A A - - 1999
Moebius Syndrome is one of the rare disorder amongst the oromandibular limb hypogenesis. It is of a unknown atiology with sporadic occurrence in which there is congenital bilateral facial palsy,-bilateral involvement of abducent nerve along with other cranial nerves like III, V, IX, X, Xllth and the patient having masklike ...
Havenstrite K A - - 1999
Hepatodiaphragmatic interposition of the intestine, or Chilaiditi syndrome, is uncommon and typically asymptomatic, but it can be associated with symptoms ranging from intermittent, mild abdominal pain to acute intestinal obstruction. Factors such as the interruption or absence of peritoneal attachments and redundant colon with a long mesentery predispose to both ...
Widjaja A - - 1999
Chilaiditi's sign is a radiographic term used when the hepatic flexure of the colon is seen interposed between the liver and right hemidiaphragm. When symptomatic, this is Chilaiditi's syndrome. We report a case of a 70-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain, vomiting, singultus and constipation. Ultrasound was initially performed ...
Back W - - 1999
AIM: To examine the membranous and nuclear distribution of beta catenin in the epithelial cells of gut polyps from Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and juvenile polyposis in comparison with other types of polyps and tumours. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry for beta catenin and proliferation markers was performed on conventional paraffin sections. Immunohistological staining was ...
Kitamura T - - 1999
A 56-year-old woman with symptoms of chronic bowel disease presented a peculiar calcification of the mesenteric vein of the ascending to transverse colon on barium enema study. The resected colon was hard and black. Histo-pathologic examinations demonstrated fibrous change of the colon with a calcified and hyaline-deposited mesenteric vein. No ...
Place R J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although the syndrome of familial adenomatous polyposis is well known, sporadic patients with multiple polyposis are rare. There are no known syndromes associated with hyperplastic polyposis. In our search of the English surgical literature, we find no reference to a hyperplastic-adenomatous polyposis syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Over a 3-year period, ...
Older J - - 1999
Secretory villous adenomas of the colon have been known to cause a depleting syndrome characterized by dehydration, prerenal azotemia, hyponatremia, hypokalemia, metabolic acidosis, obtundation, and, in severe cases, death. We describe 1 case of classic depleting syndrome and review the literature on possible mechanisms. Both cyclic adenosine monophosphate and prostaglandin ...
Ilnyckyj A A University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, - - 1999
A 30-year-old woman with a 10-year history of recurrent bloody diarrhea and documented colitis of the descending colon, consistent with Crohn's disease, presented with an exacerbation of her gastrointestinal disease and an 18-month history of recurrent facial and genital swelling. Her course evolved to include severe ear pain, dysphagia and ...
Shibata C - - 1999
We report herein the case of a 16-year-old boy diagnosed as having Turcot syndrome, otherwise known as glioma-polyposis syndrome. The patient was transferred from the Department of Neurosurgery where he was undergoing investigation of a brain tumor, to the Department of Medicine for investigation of gastrointestinal symptoms. The patient was ...
Hwang E H - - 1998
Colon perforation from hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome is very rare, and only one case has been reported in the English-language literature. Herein, the authors report another case of colon perforation experienced in hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome. The patient was an 8-year-old girl with frequent infection, eczematoid dermatitis, and an increased serum level ...
Guzmán P - - 1998
A 2-year, 6-month-old boy with peritoneal pseudomyxoma had a hamartomatous Peutz-Jeghers-like polyp in the gallbladder. The morphological pattern of the polyp was very characteristic of what is usually considered an hamartomatous polyp. The patient presently reported has no clinical characteristics of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. The peritoneal pseudomyxoma creates differential diagnostic problems ...
Saslow S B - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies showed increased plasma motilin and substance P concentrations and accelerated motor function in the small bowel and colon in patients with carcinoid diarrhea. Octreotide is beneficial in patients with carcinoid syndrome. Our hypothesis was that octreotide inhibits accelerated motility and gut neuropeptides in carcinoid syndrome. METHODS: In ...
Herman TE - - 1997
LANGUAGE="EN">In the first paragraph of the Materials and methods section the authors wrote that "the family was studied after informal written consent", This should have read "informed written consent."
Amichai Boaz - - 1997
A 7-MONTH-OLD girl, the product of a marriage of first cousins, was hospitalized for the third time since 45 days of age with fever and a history of recurrent infections. On admission to the hospital, she was well developed with silver-blond hair, much lighter in color than her family (Figure ...
Crisci K L - - 1997
PURPOSE: Our objective was to describe characteristic contrast enema findings of fibrosing colonopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed barium enemas on 18 children with cystic fibrosis who had received greater than 4500 U of lipase per kg body weight per meal and who had distal intestinal obstruction syndrome unresponsive to ...
Wu T T - - 1997
Juvenile polyps are regarded as hamartomatous polyps and occur in sporadic and familial syndromic settings. There is increased risk of gastrointestinal neoplasia in patients with juvenile polyposis syndrome, but the molecular mechanisms are not known. We therefore studied 78 colorectal juvenile polyposis from 12 patients with juvenile polyps syndrome and ...
Nakatsubo N - - 1997
Cronkhite-Canada syndrome is generally accepted as being a benign disorder. We herein present a 66-year-old-male patient with Cronkhite-Canada syndrome who had a carcinoma of the sigmoid colon along with multiple colonic polyps, which included juvenile-type polyps, adenomas, and hyperplastic polyps. In the world literature, there have been 34 cases of ...
Plorde J J - - 1996
Chilaiditi's sign is a radiographic term used when the hepatic flexure of the colon is seen interposed between the liver and right hemidiaphragm. When symptomatic, this is Chilaiditi's syndrome. We report a case of Chilaiditi's syndrome associated with transverse colon volvulus. A 64-yr-old male presented with abdominal pain, vomiting, and ...
Dumitraşcu D L - - 1996
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between colonic transit and chronic stress in the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Total and segmental colonic transit was studied with radiopaque markers in 16 females with irritable bowel syndrome and in 20 matched controls. The transit times were correlated with ...
Friedland J A - - 1995
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome associated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 presents with a gastrointestinal prodrome. During this prodrome the disease may be difficult to differentiate from acute colitis and other hemorrhagic gastrointestinal diseases. We have found that color Doppler sonography in patients with E. coli-associated hemolytic-uremic syndrome of the colon demonstrates a strikingly ...
Simon Neal P - - 1995
A FEMALE INFANT born at term, with no prenatal complications, was noted to have a patch of white hair on the left frontal scalp (Figure). Results of the remainder of the physical examination were unremarkable. The family history was negative for similar findings or depigmented skin lesions. DENOUEMENT AND DISCUSSION ...
De Facq L - - 1995
We report a rare variant of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome identified by the presence of nasal polyposis and extreme anemia. Multiple hamartomatous polyps were found throughout the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. We conducted a combined surgical-endoscopic approach to prevent the development of a short-bowel syndrome. The polyps removed by snare and ...
Pride Howard B - - 1995
A 3-YEAR-OLD girl has had sparse hair since infancy and has never required a haircut. The scalp has been normal, except for minimal seborrheic dermatitis in early infancy. She has never had areas of complete hair loss, nor has she been noted to pull out her hair. Her health is ...
Scribano E - - 1995
A case of Turcot's syndrome is described in an 8-year-old girl. Turcot's syndrome is a rare hereditary disease in which malignant glioma of the central nervous system is associated with colonic polyposis. The patient initially presented with a left parietal glioblastoma diagnosed by computed tomography (CT), and was subsequently found ...
Applegate K E - - 1995
Familial dysautonomia, or Riley-Day syndrome, is a hereditary disturbance in the autonomic and peripheral sensory nervous systems, first described by Riley, Day, and colleagues in 1949 [1, 2]. Previous reports of myocardial infarction and avascular necrosis in bone suggest that these patients are at risk for ischemia at certain organ ...
Perniciaro C - - 1995
Gardner's syndrome is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis. Familial polyposis of the colon, osteomas, and cutaneous epidermoid cysts are characteristic features. Colon cancer will develop in all affected individuals unless prophylactic colectomy is performed. The follow-up and management of patients with Gardner's syndrome require a coordinated effort by physicians with expertise ...
Kohler L A LA Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, - - 1995
An increase of cumulative trauma disorders including carpal tunnel syndrome has been seen in the last 10 years. Common causes of carpal tunnel syndrome include high-risk occupations, pregnancy, diabetes, and trauma. Measures used to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome are physical examinations, electromyography, computerized tomography, and vibrometers. Carpal tunnel syndrome can ...
Ezeonu I M - - 1994
Acoustic and thermal fiberglass insulation materials used in heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems were colonized with fungi in laboratory chambers. The mixed fungal population, principally Aspergillus versicolor, Acremonium obclavatum, and Cladosporium herbarum, produced odoriferous volatiles, including 2-ethyl hexanol, cyclohexane, and benzene. These volatiles may be related to poor indoor air ...
Husain K - - 1994
Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a congenital malformation characterized by severe growth failure, mental retardation, and multiple physical anomalies. A variety of gastrointestinal anomalies have been described, including malrotation, colonic duplication, and nonfixation of the colon. Two patients with Cornelia de Lange syndrome presented to our institution with acute distal ...
Perez-Balke G G Department of Labor/OSHA, Boston, Massachusetts Work Environmental Department, University of Massachusetts at Lowell, Lowell, - - 1994
Commercial wrist splints do not constitute an ergonomic control for stressors associated with carpal tunnel syndrome. The science of ergonomics seeks to change the environment, not the human, in an effort to fit the work requirements to the capabilities of the individual. In contrast, immobilization of the wrist seeks to ...
Valero Gasalla J - - 1993
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction as a syndrome was first described by Ogilvie in 1948 (Br. Med J. 2, 671). It is characterized by colonic dilatation with no mechanical cause which affects critically ill patients. As a result of this complication the prognosis worsens. Initially there are few clinical symptoms, but subsequently ...
Myers B M - - 1993
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome can be associated with significant lower gastrointestinal bleeding from diffuse cavernous hemangiomata of the colon. Distal colectomy is curative but the formation of a colostomy is undesirable in patients who already have a poor self-image due to the other manifestations of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome such as multiple cutaneous hemangiomata, ...
Batsakis J G - - 1992
Choanal and angiomatous polyps can be distinguished from ordinary sinonasal polyps by either a distinctive clinical presentation (choanal) or the histopathologic appearance (angiomatous). Nearly all choanal polyps arise within paranasal sinuses, with the antrochoanal polyp the most common. The angiomatous polyp is most often a secondary change in a choanal ...
Aritürk E - - 1992
Waardenburg's syndrome is characterized by a broad nasal root, pigmentation disturbance and congenital deafness while aganglionosis is described as the partial or complete lack of ganglion cells in the alimentary tract. This report describes a five-day-old male infant with Waardenburg's syndrome associated with total aganglionosis of the colon, ileum and ...
Sariego J - - 1991
Ogilvie's syndrome (pseudo-obstruction of the colon) may result in gangrene and perforation of the colon if not effectively treated. Colonoscopic decompression and endoscopically guided rectal tube placement were employed to treat five patients with this syndrome who had failed medical therapy. All patients tolerated the procedure well and required no ...
Haddad C J - - 1991
Chilaiditi's syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of abdominal and chest pain. Although interposition of the right colon is a relatively common radiologic finding, there is a distinct paucity of information in the medical literature. Chilaiditi's syndrome is usually asymptomatic, but when symptoms occur, conservative treatment is usually ...
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