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Lam Derrick J L DJ Departments of aOrthopaedic Surgery bPaediatric Surgery, KK Women's & Children's Hospital, Singapore, - - 2014
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare but potentially fatal complication following spinal fusion for scoliosis. The aims of our study were to identify clinical features and evaluate their importance in SMA syndrome following posterior spinal fusion (PSF) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and to recommend a simple ...
Iacopetti Corina L CL 1Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2014
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States, with lifetime prevalence of use estimated at 42% to 46%.(1) The antiemetic properties of cannabis are well-known by the medical community and by the general public; however, less well-recognized is the paradoxical potential for certain chronic users to ...
Delli Konstantina - - 2014
Salivary gland biopsy is a technique broadly applied for the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS), lymphoma accompanying SS, sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, and other connective tissue disorders. SS has characteristic microscopic findings involving lymphocytic infiltration surrounding the excretory ducts in combination with destruction of acinar tissue. This article focuses on the main ...
Keller Karsten - - 2013
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a functional disorder that can occur in all age groups. It is characterized by recurrent stereotypic episodes of nausea and vomiting. Between these episodes are nausea-free intervals. Lack of awareness leads often to delay in making the correct diagnosis. A specific test to identify patients ...
Yang Dong - - 2013
Bouveret's syndrome is an extremely rare type of gallstone-induced ileus with atypical clinical manifestations, such as abdominal distension and pain, nausea and vomiting, fever or even gastrointestinal bleeding, which may easily be misdiagnosed. In the present case, a 55-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with upper gastrointestinal obstructive symptoms ...
Bashashati Mohammad - - 2013
Nausea and vomiting are common gastrointestinal complaints which could be triggered by stimuli in both the peripheral and central nervous systems. They may be considered as defense mechanisms when threatening toxins/agents enter the gastrointestinal tract or there is excessive retention of gastrointestinal contents due to obstruction. The pathophysiology of nausea ...
Topcu Yasemin Y Department of Pediatrics, Dokuz Eylul University Medical Faculty, Division of Pediatric Neurology, ─░zmir, - - 2013
Shapiro syndrome is an extremely rare condition consisting the clinical triad of recurrent hypothermia, hyperhydrosis and agenesis of the corpus callosum. On the other hand, reverse Shapiro's sydrome is characterized periodic hyperthermia and agenesis of the corpus callosum. Here, we describe a 3.5-year-old girl with complete agenesis of corpus callosum ...
Gupta Neeraj N Department of Psychiatry, Latrobe Regional Hospital, PO Box 424, Princes Highway, Traralgon West, Victoria, - - 2013
Marijuana is one of the most frequently abused illicit substances in the world especially Australia. Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS) is characterized by a triad of symptoms: Cyclic vomiting, chronic marijuana use, and compulsive bathing. It involves recurrent episodes of self-limited nausea and vomiting lasting several days and patients are asymptomatic ...
Tonore Thais Brown - - 2013
To increase recognition and present symptom assessment strategies for treating cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS). Clinical experience, a range of pediatric, gastroenterological, emergency medicine research, survey, and literature review reports on CVS. Improved efforts to recognize, diagnose, and treat CVS will help patients manage their symptoms and may reduce both the ...
Sun Shusen S Clinical Assistant - - 2013
The purpose of this review is to describe cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS), which is thought to be induced by long-term cannabis use, and provide clinical pharmacists with information to manage the hyperemetic phase of CHS. Published literature was searched and reviewed using PubMed. CHS is characterized by intractable nausea and ...
Bona Davide - - 2013
Boerhaave's syndrome is a spontaneous barotraumatic disruption of the distal oesophagus secondary to an abrupt increase in intraoesophageal pressure during vomiting. Management ranges from a conservative approach to an oesophagectomy. The over-the-scope-clip (OTSC, Ovesco Endoscopy GmbH, Tuebingen, Germany) system is a newly designed clipping method for tissue mechanical compression in ...
Kasem Amanda J - - 2013
The complete Currarino triad (or syndrome) consists of anorectal anomalies, a sacral bony defect, and a presacral mass. Generally autosomal dominant in its inheritance, incomplete penetrance also characterizes this syndrome. We report the case of a 12-day-old patient with vomiting in whom a diagnosis of incomplete Currarino syndrome was made.
McKeown D G - - 2013
We present a case of chronic lymphoedema that progressed to Stewart-Treves syndrome in a 63-year-old woman with a previous modified radical mastectomy, associated lymph node dissection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. While producing stabilisation of most cutaneous lesions initially, chemotherapeutic treatment of the angiosarcoma did not prevent subsequent metastasis and patient death. ...
Meng Hongbo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the differences and influencing factors for postsurgical gastroparesis syndrome incidence after laparoscopic and open radical gastrectomy. METHODS: Clinical data were collected for 563 patients who underwent open radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer and 72 cases receiving laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. We retrospectively ...
Venø Søren - - 2013
Boerhaave's syndrome or spontaneous esophageal perforation is a rare condition, with high mortality. We describe a case of Boerhaave's syndrome presenting with tension pneumothorax. The patient was infected with Norovirus and developed Boerhaave's syndrome, initially thought to be gastroenteritis but later developing with tension pneumothorax, and mediastinitis caused by esophageal ...
Mansour Mohammed J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis and Sjögren's syndrome are two different diseases; however, when affecting the salivary glands, both diseases exhibit similar clinical signs and symptoms, which often complicates the diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of using salivary electrophoresis to differentiate between the two diseases. METHODS: Saliva ...
Morris Reshmi - - 2013
Abstract Cyclical vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a disorder that occurs mostly in children, adolescents and young adults in which episodes of nausea and vomiting occur up to six to 12 times per year. In the past decade, one specific cause of cyclical vomiting syndrome, referred to as cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome ...
Singhi Sunit C - - 2013
Vomiting is a protective reflex that results in forceful ejection of stomach contents up to and out of the mouth. It is a common complaint and may be the presenting symptom of several life-threatening conditions. It can be caused by a variety of organic and nonorganic disorders; gastrointestinal (GI) or ...
Dasari Sowjanya - - 2013
We report the case of a 40-year-old housewife, who presented with vomiting since past 5 days and weakness of all four limbs since 1 day. Clinical examination confirmed the presence of flaccid quadriparesis with preserved tendon reflexes. Routine laboratory parameters showed severe hypokalaemia. On further evaluation she was diagnosed to ...
Eisa Naseem - - 2013
A 42-year-old man presented to clinic with 1-week history of cough, malaise, loss of appetite and fever. Symptoms started acutely with cough and generalised weakness followed by fever, chills, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. He has been healthy before with no chronic illnesses. Further workup disclosed, leucocytosis with 87% eosinophilia, bilateral ...
Mohammed Fawwaz F Department of Surgery, San Fernando General Hospital, West - - 2013
Patient: Male, 26 Final Diagnosis: Marihuana addiction Symptoms: Compulsive showering • nausea • vomiting Medication: - Clinical Procedure: - Specialty: Toxicology. Unexpected drug reaction. The use or misuse of Cannabis is well recognized in the Caribbean region. Recently, the cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome has been described. The triad is characterized by ...
Cooper Chad J CJ Department of Internal Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX, - - 2013
Patient: Female, 25 Final Diagnosis: Rumination syndrome Symptoms: Diarrhea • nausea • vomiting Medication: - Clinical Procedure: - Specialty: Psychology. Rare disease. Rumination syndrome is a behavioral disorder that consists of an effortless regurgitation of undigested food that is subsequently either re-swallowed or ejected within minutes of meal ingestion occurring ...
Fearon N M NM Department of Surgery, St Vincents Hospital, Dublin 4, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2013
Wilkie's syndrome occurs when the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) compresses the third part of the duodenum causing proximal dilatation of small bowel. It is due to loss of the fat pad that sits between the duodenum and SMA and therefore is most commonly seen in people who have had significant ...
Jackson Whitney E WE Departments of Internal Medicine (Whitney E. - - 2013
Prior studies report esophageal rupture following endoscopy or bolus impaction in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). The purpose of this study is to add new information to available evidence defining the clinical spectrum of spontaneous rupture (Boerhaave's syndrome) associated with vomiting in EoE. A retrospective search of inpatient and outpatient records was ...
Valoti Elisabetta E Clinical Research Center for Rare Diseases Aldo e Cele Daccò, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Ranica, Bergamo, - - 2012
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a rare disease characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure. It is usually secondary to infections by strains of Escherichia coli (STEC) that produce Shiga-like toxin. In about 10% of patients, no STEC infections are reported. In these cases of atypical HUS ...
Chandramohan Vaishnavi - - 2012
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by headache, nausea, vomiting, seizures and visual disturbances. PRES has been usually associated with hypertension, chronic renal disease, malignancy and chemotherapeutic agents. We report the association of PRES with Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, which to our best knowledge has not been reported before.
Motta-Junior J - - 2012
Congenital Frey's syndrome and bilateral trifid mandibular condyle are two different entities. The occurrence of both together is rare and has not been reported in the literature. This article describes the case of a 17-year-old male patient who complained of bilateral warmness, flushing and sweating in the preauricular area after ...
Petruzziello-Pellegrini Tania N - - 2012
Diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) continues to be an important public health threat worldwide. Specific therapies are lacking and patient care remains largely supportive. This review discusses the lessons learned from recent events and summarizes key advances made toward understanding the basic mechanisms ...
Gupta Ravi - - 2012
Rumination syndrome is known to exist in infants and mentally retarded adults since long time. In past few years, some reports appeared that showed its existence in adult patients also. It is frequently confused with the intractable vomiting in adults and misdiagnosis leads to delay in appropriate management. We are ...
Ozgur Omar K - - 2012
Dry eye syndrome is a potential complication of botulinum toxin type-A injection (BTX-A) into the lateral canthal rhytids (crow's feet). The early manifestations of this syndrome are subtle and are rarely reported to the treating physician. A guideline for early detection of dry-eye state is proposed, in order to avoid ...
Allahdin S - - 2012
Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is a common, often under-reported and under-treated condition that significantly affects the quality of life (QoL) of the sufferer and is associated with enormous related costs. Treatments options for OAB include lifestyle modifications, behavioural therapy, pharmacotherapy, neuromodulation, Botulinum toxin therapy and surgical interventions. For this paper, ...
Ng Bobby G - - 2012
CHIME syndrome is characterized by colobomas, heart defects, ichthyosiform dermatosis, mental retardation (intellectual disability), and ear anomalies, including conductive hearing loss. Whole-exome sequencing on five previously reported cases identified PIGL, the de-N-acetylase required for glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor formation, as a strong candidate. Furthermore, cell lines derived from these cases had ...
Blake Kim D - - 2012
CHARGE syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the CHD7 gene on chromosome 8. Major clinical diagnostic criteria for this heterogeneous disorder include ocular coloboma, choanal atresia/stenosis, characteristic external and internal ear abnormalities, and cranial nerve abnormalities. Patients with CHARGE syndrome often have dysphagia and are at ...
Denadai Rafael - - 2012
Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis (JHF) and infantile systemic hyalinosis (ISH) are rare, autosomal recessive disorders of the connective tissue caused by mutations in the gene encoding the anthrax toxin receptor 2 protein (ANTXR2) located on chromosome 4q21. Characteristically, these conditions present with overlapping clinical features, such as nodules and/or pearly papules, ...
Moss Heather E - - 2012
A 43-year-old man with POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes), including long-standing optic disc swelling, had sudden painless vision loss in the left eye. Brain MRI revealed an intracranial mass adjacent to the left optic nerve and enhancement of the optic nerve. The mass decreased in ...
Tibballs James - - 2012
The Australian carybdeid jellyfish associated with Irukandji syndrome is Carukia barnesi, (Barnes' jellyfish). Other Australian carybdeid jellyfish that may be associated with the syndrome include Carukia shinju, Carybdea xaymacana, Malo maxima, Malo kingi, Alatina mordens, Gerongia rifkinae, and Morbakka fenneri ("Morbakka"). These small jellyfish are difficult to capture and identify. ...
Patel Monaliben - - 2012
Acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (AAT) is a hematologic disorder that presents as thrombocytopenia with absent megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. Causes of AAT include toxins, drugs, viral infections, systemic lupus erythematosus, and cytokine deficiencies. Patients with AAT should be followed for possible progression to aplastic anemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. We present ...
Savic Bozidar - - 2012
Four 9-month-old Simmental male calves were presented with a history of sudden death. The necropsy and microscopic findings allowed a diagnosis of enteritis and severe intraluminal hemorrhage with blood clots in the jejunum, suggestive of jejunal hemorrhage syndrome.
Loirat Chantal C Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Robert-Debré, Nephrology Department, 75019 Paris, France. - - 2012
2011 has been a special year for hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS): on the one hand, the dramatic epidemic of Shiga toxin producing E. coli -associated HUS in Germany brought the disease to the attention of the general population, on the other hand it has been the year when eculizumab, the ...
Babovic-Vuksanovic D - - 2012
Four unrelated patients having an unusual clinical phenotype, including multiple peripheral nerve sheath tumors, are reported. Their clinical features were not typical of any known familial tumor syndrome. The patients had multiple painful neurofibromas, including bilateral orbital plexiform neurofibromas, and spinal as well as mucosal neurofibromas. In addition, they exhibited ...
Shinoda Koji - - 2012
A 29-year-old female developed diplopia, nasal voice and gait disturbance after an upper respiratory infection. On admission, she presented with bilateral external ophthalmoplegia, slight bilateral facial nerve palsy, dysarthria, dysphagia, cervical and brachial muscle weakness, ataxia and areflexia. She had serum anti-GT1a, anti-GQ1b and anti-galactocerebroside IgG antibodies. She was diagnosed ...
Antes Sebastian - - 2012
Overdrainage in hydrocephalus therapy is a common shunt complication responsible for many different side effects. Especially an association with an impairment of upper brainstem structures causing symptoms of a dorsal midbrain syndrome (DMS) has already been described. Yet apart from these known mesencephalic lesions, we found several more brainstem signs ...
Zahir Muhammad Nauman - - 2012
Cisplatin is a platinum compound that has revolutionized the treatment of various solid organ tumors. Cisplatin is associated with a variety of side effects and has recently been indicted in the development of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a potentially reversible condition, with the mainstay ...
Thomson Wendy L - - 2012
Bouveret's syndrome is defined as gastric outlet obstruction secondary to an impacted gallstone in the duodenum via a cholecystoduodenal or cholecystogastric fistula. Common radiological findings include pneumobilia, calcified right upper quadrant mass, pyloric or duodenal obstruction and cholecystoduodenal fistula. Initial attempts through endoscopic retrieval may be successful; however, results can ...
Jourdan-da Silva N - - 2012
Eight cases of diarrhoea, including two cases of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS), were identified among 22 French tourists who travelled to Turkey in September 2011. A strain of Escherichia coli O104:H4 stx2-positive, eae-negative, hlyA-negative, aggR-positive, ESBL-negative was isolated from one HUS case. Molecular analyses show this strain to be genetically ...
Hermet M - - 2012
Objective. Immunoglobulin-G4-(IgG4-) related disease (IgG4 RD) is a fibrosing process characterized by a significant infiltration of IgG4-secreting plasma cells. IgG4 RD can affect almost all organs including salivary glands. Whether IgG4 RD plays a role in the development of sicca syndrome and particularly dry mouth syndrome remains to be investigated. ...
Pattathan Mithun B MB Department of Internal Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso, 4800 Alberta Ave, El Paso, TX 79912, USA. - - 2012
Cannabis use has become one of the most commonly abused drugs in the world. It is estimated that each year 2.6 million individuals in the USA become new users and most are younger than 19 years of age. Reports describe marijuana use as high as 40-50% in male Cyclic Vomiting ...
Malone P S C PS Blond McIndoe Laboratories, University of Manchester, Department of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, University Hospital South Manchester, Wythenshawe, - - 2012
Ulnar neuropathy coexistent with distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability has previously been observed in our practice. The aim of this study was to define this phenomenon and investigate the hypothesis that the cause of this intermittent, positional ulnar neuropathy is related to kinking of the ulnar nerve about the DRUJ. ...
Sun Lisa L - - 2011
Möbius syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by bilateral facial nerve palsy and abducens nerve palsy. It is associated with a wide spectrum of systemic and ocular manifestations; esotropia is commonly the reason for ophthalmic referral. There are few published studies in the literature on strabismus surgery in Möbius ...
Bababeygy Simon R - - 2011
Lemierre syndrome is characterized by pharyngotonsillitis that is typically secondary to Fusobacterium necrophorum infection and causes adjacent septic thrombophlebitis and thrombosis with subsequent metastatic abscesses. A 3-year-old boy presented with fever, tonsillar enlargement, and bilateral otomastoiditis with purulent discharge. Physical examination revealed abducens nerve palsy on the left side, with ...
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