Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 367
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Jorgensen C - - 1995
Only a few observations of inflammatory arthritis have been associated with Down's syndrome. We report a case of severe erosive, peripheral and axial psoriatic arthritis associated with cutaneous vasculitis in a 24-year old man with trisomy 21. A long standing remission of vasculitis and arthritis was achieved with corticoid and ...
Conte R A - - 1995
A 1-year-old male infant was found to have a de novo unbalanced translocation, resulting in trisomy for a portion of the short arm of chromosome 3, i.e. 46,XY,der(7)t(3;7) (p24.1;p22). Previous cases with a so-called "trisomy 3p syndrome" were evaluated by GTG banding, while we attempted to characterize the present case ...
Stacey M - - 1995
The ICF syndrome is a rare disorder where patients show undercondensation of the heterochromatic blocks of chromosomes 1, 9, and 16 along with variable immunodeficiency. The undercondensation of the heterochromatic block appears to be restricted to a portion of PHA stimulated T cells. Patients with this syndrome also show an ...
Patel S V - - 1995
Trisomy 4p syndrome is a distinct clinical entity which was noted almost a quarter century ago by Wilson et al. [71] and later was delineated by Gonzalez and colleagues [29]. The variation in the length of duplicated segment usually associated with monosomy of other genetic material which has resulted in ...
Miller P R - - 1995
The association of Down's syndrome (trisomy 21) with clubfeet has not previously been elaborated. Eight patients with a total of 15 clubfeet were identified for review. Five of these had trisomy 21 noted by chromosomal analysis, and 1 had a mosaic pattern. Two patients did not have chromosomal documentation, but ...
Cohen S R - - 1995
Trisomy 21 develops as a result of nondisjunction of two homologous chromosomes during either the first or second meiotic division. One of the more important consequences of these genetic alterations is the predictable, although variable disturbance in the architecture of the craniofacial region [1]. Postnatal craniofacial morphology has been extensively ...
Brand-Saberi B - - 1994
Elevations in the lateral and dorsal neck region are known to be highly correlated with chromosomal aberrations in human fetuses. However, the morphology of the elevations is poorly described. Only in the case of Turner's syndrome has lymphatic vessel formation been shown to be deficient leading to swellings in the ...
Benacerraf B R - - 1994
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability to identify fetuses with autosomal trisomy by use of sonographic features in the form of a scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The presence of nuchal thickening, long-bone shortness, pyelectasis, hyperechoic bowel, choroid plexus cyst, and major anatomic defects was prospectively evaluated in 60 trisomic fetuses ...
Aegerter P - - 1994
This paper concerns the prediction of fetal Down's syndrome in pregnant women. Down's syndrome is the most common congenital cause of severe mental retardation. We elaborate two predictive functions of trisomy 21, combining maternal age and a maternal serum marker. We evaluated them by means of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) ...
Saleh H A - - 1994
The first isolated case of agenesis of the mastoid antrum, previously only described in association with the congenital syndromes trisomy 13 and mandibulofacial dysostosis, is reported. The loss of this important surgical landmark may result in disorientation and iatrogenic trauma. The surgeon must be aware of its existence, and where ...
Ayukawa H - - 1994
We report on a newborn girl with duplication of 18q12.2-->18qter and deficiency of 18p11.2-->18pter which resulted from meiotic recombination of the maternal pericentric inversion, inv(18)(p11.2q12.2). Her clinical manifestations were compatible with those of partial trisomy 18q syndrome. We review the previously reported 9 cases in 8 families of rec(18) resulting ...
Lurie I W - - 1993
In some autosomal imbalance syndromes an additional imbalance interferes with the occurrence of the anomalies typical of the syndrome itself. For example, polydactyly was found in patients with "pure" del(3p) more frequently (11/23) than in patients where these deletions were associated with different partial trisomies (2/28). The opposite situation was ...
Abeliovich D - - 1993
We present a familial case of isochromosome 18p [i(18p)] as a supernumerary chromosome. The mother, who is a mosaic for i(18p) with partial tetrasomy 18p syndrome, transmitted the isochromosome to her only child. The child has the full syndrome of tetrasomy 18p. This is the first case of mosaicism i(18p) ...
Butt A M - - 1993
A child is described with a previously unreported probable trisomy for a segment of the long arm of chromosome 17 responsible for some distinct clinical features. These include craniofacial and skin abnormalities, failure to thrive, partial malrotation of the gut, malabsorption, gastro-oesophageal reflux, neurodevelopmental delay, autonomic disturbance, and cardiac and ...
Stalker H J - - 1993
We report on a boy with a direct tandem duplication of 9(q12-q33) and dolichocephaly, beaked nose with prominent philtrum, deep-set eyes, receding small chin, failure to thrive, developmental delay, simian creases, long fingers, stiff joints, and hypoplastic scrotum. This patient is compared to the 5 other reported cases with pure ...
Bureau Y A - - 1993
Trisomy 9 syndrome is a rare chromosomal anomaly associated with specific patterns of multisystem dysmorphism and occasional central nervous system (CNS) malformations, the most common being the Dandy-Walker malformation. Milder anomalies are usually seen with trisomy 9 mosaicism. We report what we believe to be the first case of a ...
Kleczkowska A - - 1993
In this report we describe a 6-month-old female child with inverted duplication of bands 9q32-9q33. The phenotypic findings are identical to the clinical syndrome previously reported to be associated with 9q31-9q32 duplication. The findings in the present child indicate that the minimal segment of overlap in this partial trisomy syndrome ...
Davisson M T - - 1993
Mice trisomic for Chromosome (Chr) 16 have been used extensively as an animal model for human Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21). This system has drawbacks, however: trisomy for all of Chr 16 is incompatible with postnatal survival and produces trisomy for many more genes than those conserved in human Chr 21. ...
Huang C B - - 1992
Edwards syndrome is the second most common autosomal trisomy syndrome, resulting from an extra chromosome in chromosome 18. Recently we encountered two cases with the following representative features: intrauterine growth retardation, polyhydramnios, low-set ears, micrognathia and clenched hands. Both cases were female newborns and had an abnormal karyotype 47, XX, ...
Boles R G - - 1992
We report on a fetus with holoprosencephaly, postaxial polydactyly, multiple visceral anomalies, upper limb shortness, and radial hypoplasia with normal chromosomes. We provide a brief review of the newly delineated "pseudo-trisomy 13 syndrome." Severe limb shortness of radial hypoplasia has not been described previously in this syndrome. The present case ...
Benacerraf B R - - 1992
Current indications for cytogenetic evaluation leave the majority of Down syndrome fetuses undetected. Using advanced maternal age and low maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels as criteria, only 40% of fetuses with Down syndrome (trisomy 21) are identified (positive predictive value, 0.4% to 1%). We evaluate the sonographically detectable physical features ...
Fishler K - - 1991
Serial assessments of mental status of 30 subjects with Down syndrome mosaicism were compared with those of 30 subjects with trisomy 21 Down syndrome. The samples were matched for age, sex, and parental socioeconomic background. The mean IQ level of the mosaic Down syndrome group was significantly higher than that ...
Dean J C - - 1991
A premature male infant is described in whom the presence of coarse facies, diaphragmatic hernia, genital anomalies and Dandy-Walker malformation suggested a diagnosis of Fryns' syndrome. Lymphocyte karyotype revealed a partial trisomy 22, and his mother carried an apparently balanced 11/22 translocation. Three infants have been described recently with features ...
Roberts D F - - 1991
Pedigrees of all known cases, on Shetland, of Down's syndrome, cytogenetically confirmed as trisomy 21, and of a control for each patient matched by birth date, sex and birth place, were traced over a minimum of eight generations. Mean kinship coefficients in all pairs of Down's syndrome patients and in ...
Fine A - - 1991
The trisomy 16 mouse is considered to be a model of human trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) due to genetic homology between parts of human chromosome 21 and mouse chromosome 16. Additionally, and because older Down syndrome individuals develop neuropathology indistinguishable from that of Alzheimer's disease, trisomy 16 tissue may provide ...
Michel G - - 1991
The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (IHS) is extremely rare in childhood and relationships of this syndrome with myeloproliferative diseases are controversial. We reported the observation of a 7-year-old girl suffering from an IHS with myelofibrosis. A clonal cytogenetic abnormality, trisomy 8, was detected in the bone marrow cells of this child. ...
Donnenfeld A E - - 1990
We present a 4-year-old girl with a maternally derived, unbalanced X;3 translocation resulting in partial Xp monosomy and partial 3p trisomy. She had chorioretinal defects, developmental delay, infantile seizures, and microphthalmia. These findings initially suggested a diagnosis of Aicardi syndrome. However, she had a normal-appearing corpus callosum on CT and ...
Rodríguez J I - - 1990
Abnormalities of the CNS, such as arhinencephaly or holoprosencephaly, are common findings in trisomy 13 syndrome. However, neural tube defects (NTDs) are rarely reported. A review of 267 patients in the literature on reported CNS developmental defects in trisomy 13 syndrome showed only 6 patients with lumbosacral NTDs. No case ...
Porstmann T - - 1990
Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) was quantified by enzyme immunoassay for prenatal diagnosis of Down's syndrome. Overall, 154 samples of amniotic fluid, 72 samples of amniotic cells and 31 samples of chorionic tissue were investigated. Due to the large biological variance of the SOD concentrations in normal pregnancies (range for amniotic ...
Sudha T - - 1990
Instances of balanced Robertsonian translocations between the homologues of chromosome 21 were observed in two couples with a history of repeated abortions. The male partner of one couple and the female partner of another couple exhibited this anomaly. The translocation (21q21q) was found to be transmitted to their live children ...
Verma I C - - 1990
Prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal disorders was carried out in 144 samples of amniotic fluid during 1986-1989. The commonest indication was pregnancy in women having a previous child with Down syndrome. Cultures were successful in 104 (72.2%) of 144 cases. Three (2.9%) abnormal karyotypes were detected. Of 53 women who had ...
Ying K L - - 1990
This report describes a boy with Rothmund-Thomson syndrome associated with trisomy 8 mosaicism. The patient presented with typical features of Rothmund-Thomson syndrome but some of the features often seen in trisomy 8 mosaics were also observed in him. The possibility that the two disorders might share a common pathogenesis is ...
Karki C B - - 1990
A case of trisomy 12p mosaicism originating de novo in a 21-year-old profoundly mentally handicapped female who presented with severe behaviour problems is described. The 12p syndrome has been confirmed by clinical, cytogenetic and biochemical studies. The findings are compared with those of other cases with trisomy 12p arising de ...
Bachman H - - 1990
We report two fetuses with hydrocephalus, features of holoprosencephaly, and postaxial polydactyly born to a consanguineous Mexican-American couple. The phenotype is consistent with the hydrolethalus syndrome, although holoprosencephaly has not previously been seen in this condition. We believe other similar cases with a trisomy 13 phenotype but normal chromosomes may ...
Sudha T - - 1990
A translocation (14;21)(q11;q22) was observed in a woman with history of abortions and in her child with Down's syndrome. This appears to be the first report of such a translocation with no centric fusion between the acrocentric chromosomes leading to a count of 45 chromosomes in the carrier and giving ...
Williams C A - - 1990
The clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular studies of an individual are presented here for the purpose of further characterizing what regions of chromosome 21q are essential for expression of the typical Down syndrome phenotype. This individual had a de novo, unbalanced translocation chromosome interpreted as: 45,XX,t(18;dup[21q]). Physical examination revealed mild manifestations, ...
Higurashi M - - 1990
The results of a survey of the birth prevalence of congenital anomalies among 27,472 consecutive newborn babies at a large maternity hospital in Tokyo are reported. There were 29 cases with trisomy-21; 5 cases with trisomy-13 syndrome; 5 with trisomy-18 syndrome; 2 with cri-du-chat syndrome; and one each with partial ...
Dewald G W - - 1990
To study the role of trisomy 21 in hematologic malignancies, we investigated the hematologic disorders of 13 patients with acquired trisomy 21 and 13 individuals with Down syndrome (DS). The most common hematologic malignancy among the patients with acquired trisomy 21 involved both granulocytic and monocytic lineages. By comparison, the ...
Marino B - - 1989
The features of a newborn with the full clinical aspect of trisomy 9 presenting with an atrioventricular canal is described. This association of anomalies has never been reported before. Interestingly, the patient also had a left-sided obstruction which is known to be more characteristically associated with atrioventricular canal without Down's ...
Chitayat D - - 1989
We studied the structure and number of lymph vessels in 12 spontaneously aborted previable fetuses with posterior cervical cystic hygroma and generalized edema of variable origin (monosomy X, trisomy 21, trisomy 13, suspected Noonan syndrome, and lethal multiple pterygium syndrome) and compared them to 5 therapeutically aborted, apparently normal fetuses. ...
Naritomi K - - 1989
A 17-month-old girl with a partial trisomy of distal 8q derived from her mother, who has a mosaic 8q23.3----q24.13 deletion, was studied. Both showed a relatively mild phenotype of trichorhinophalangeal syndrome I. The karyotype of the proposita was designated as: 46,XX,-8,+der(8),inv ins(8;8)(p23.1;q24.13q23.3)mat. Her phenotype was considered similar to that of ...
Naritomi K - - 1989
A girl with partial trisomy 9q is reported. She was characterized by dolichomorphism, abnormalities of the digits, a cardiac defect and craniofacial dysmorphism. A high-resolution analysis revealed the karyotype to be: 46,XX,-3,+ der(3)t(3;9)(q29;q13) de novo. A phenotype-karyotype correlation study in 22 cases of partial trisomies 9q supported the delineation of ...
Helmuth R A - - 1989
We report on a newborn male with deletion of part of 11q, the 27th reported case. Our patient had some of the clinical characteristics of the 11q- syndrome, but his male gender, liveborn status, q21 breakpoint, and mosaicism were unusual. In addition, he demonstrated holoprosencephaly, with cyclopia and arhinencephaly, manifestations ...
Tayel S M - - 1988
We have studied two sisters with partial deletion 9p and partial duplication 18q resulting from adjacent 1 segregation of a maternal translocation (9;18) (p22;q21.3). The clinical manifestations identified in our patients were compared with those reported in the literature for 9p- and 18q+ patients involving approximately the same amount of ...
Pellissier M C - - 1988
Two cases of trisomy 21q223 with the Down's phenotype were analysed by in situ hybridization with specific probes previously located in the sub-bands 21q221 (SOD-A) and 21q223 (BCEI and COL6A). These studies give evidence that the clinical picture of Down's syndrome is at least to a great extent correlated with ...
Hoagland M H - - 1988
An association has been noted between trisomy 18 and genitourinary abnormalities, with six previous reports of the prune-belly syndrome occurring in patients with trisomy 18. We have observed a 120-g fetus of 18 weeks' gestational age at autopsy in whom there was severe prune-belly syndrome and trisomy 18. Serial histologic ...
Wellesley D - - 1988
We present a family segregating for t(5;9)(p15.1;q34.13). Two cases with der(5),t(5;9), resulting in a partial duplication 9q34.13----qter and partial deletion of 5p15.12----pter, were ascertained. The phenotypes were consistent with features of both the cri du chat and trisomy 9q3 syndromes.
Mielke U - - 1988
A 23-year-old female patient with clinical manifestations typical of Down's syndrome progressively developed intensifying weakness of the proximal muscles from the age of 16 years. CK levels were distinctly elevated. Electromyography showed myogenic lesions and muscle biopsy a myopathic image with extensive fibre hypertrophy. Progressive sporadic myopathy in association with ...
Castle D - - 1988
Ectrodactyly of the feet has been reported only twice in association with trisomy 18 syndrome. A severe form of this anomaly, the first with published illustrative x rays, is described in a male infant with trisomy 18 syndrome. It is suggested that this may represent an extreme expression of the ...
Neely K - - 1988
We examined three siblings with partial trisomy 10q born to a mother carrying a balanced translocation between chromosomes 4 and 10. Our patients had many of the phenotypic abnormalities characteristic of this syndrome, and their chromosomal abnormality was confirmed by karyotypes of peripheral blood lymphocytes. Two ophthalmoscopic abnormalities not previously ...
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