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Chen Y L - - 1990
In two patients, frequent retching and vomiting preceded acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Congestion and edema were limited to the prolapsed portion of the stomach, the cardia, where discrete erosions and small shallow ulcers were seen. At endoscopy, prolapse of the gastric mucosa into the esophageal lumen was quite evident whenever ...
Tsuda T - - 1990
The first case known to us with Down's syndrome with transient abnormal myelopoiesis and diffuse hepatic necrosis is reported. The infant had prominent bleeding diathesis and hepatosplenomegaly. She died on the 7th day because of intractable bleeding. The autopsy disclosed extramedullary hematopoiesis and extensive hepatic cell necrosis. Characteristic in our ...
Shahed M - - 1990
A case of a blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome in a 19-year-old female patient with multiple cutaneous and gastrointestinal hemangiomata is described. Recurrent GI bleeding resulted in severe chronic anemia, which was successfully treated by endoscopic laser photocoagulation and surgical resection. Both forms of therapy had to be repeated 4 ...
Dilawari J B - - 1989
A patient with post-necrotic liver cirrhosis, presenting with recurrent haematemesis and melena due to oesophageal varices, received repeated endoscopic injection sclerotherapy. The Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome developed 11 months after variceal obliteration. Neither rebleeding nor recurrence of varices was observed during a follow up period of 12 months after obliteration of varices.
Wijermans P W - - 1989
The effect of the synthetic vasopressin derivative 1-desamino-8D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP = desmopressin) on bleeding time was studied in three patients with Hermansky Pudlak syndrome. A good response was observed in this type of storage pool disease. DDAVP might be useful in managing the bleeding disorder found in patients with the ...
Sinha J - - 1988
Patients with Gardner's syndrome are increasingly found to have polyps on routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and their risk of developing periampullary carcinoma is between 3-12%. We report a 45 year old man with Gardner's syndrome who presented with periampullary carcinoma 5 years after colectomy. Review of the literature amassed another ...
Witt D R - - 1988
The Noonan syndrome (NS) is a multiple congenital anomalies (MCA) syndrome with well-known manifestations. Excessive bleeding has been described occasionally. We report on 19 patients with NS and a bleeding diathesis. Several different defects are identified in the coagulation and platelet systems occurring singly or in combination. Clinical expression is ...
Morgan E D - - 1988
Behcet's syndrome occasionally produces significant vaginal bleeding requiring operative intervention. Our patient had genital and oral ulcerations but did not have uveitis or iritis, therefore representing incomplete Behcet's syndrome. The oral and genital lesions associated with Behcet's syndrome resemble those produced by herpes infection and must be considered in the ...
Dubois A - - 1988
The effect of total-body ionizing radiation on the digestive tract is dose-dependent and time-dependent. At low doses (1.5 Gy), one observes only a short prodromal syndrome consisting of nausea, vomiting, and gastric suppression. At doses greater than 6 Gy, the prodromal syndrome is more marked, and it is followed after ...
Goodlow O G - - 1988
Sirenomelia, or "mermaid syndrome," represents a severe form of caudal regression. It is a rare congenital malformation that is incompatible with life. In the following case report, a double inferior vena cava was also present, and this anomaly in association with sirenomelia has not been reported. Ultrasound may be useful ...
Baciewicz F A FA - - 1987
Recent data indicate that the gastrointestinal bleeding due to angiodysplasia associated with aortic stenosis (Heyde's syndrome) can be alleviated by aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthesis. This report details a situation in which valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis and the subsequent anticoagulation promoted gastrointestinal bleeding from angiodysplastic lesions. Only ...
Wada K - - 1987
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation and gastrointestinal polyposis. A variety of neoplasms have been found in the alimentary tract or elsewhere in patients with this entity. A 39-year-old female patient who had carcinoma and two polyps in the gallbladder in association with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is ...
Giardiello F M - - 1987
The Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease characterized by hamartomatous polyps of the gastrointestinal tract and by mucocutaneous melanin deposits. The frequency of cancer in this syndrome has not been studied extensively. Therefore, we investigated 31 patients with the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome who were followed from 1973 to 1985. ...
Lamers C B - - 1987
Somatostatin is present in the gastrointestinal tract in appreciable amounts. The highest concentrations of the polypeptide are found in the stomach, the upper small intestine, and the pancreas. Within the gastrointestinal tract, somatostatin inhibits various functions, including endocrine and exocrine secretion, motility, blood flow, absorption, and growth. The polypeptide regulates ...
Bott S J - - 1986
A large hamartomatous polyp of the Peutz-Jegher type was discovered in the distal duodenum by endoscopy in a patient with occult gastrointestinal bleeding. There were no other polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and the patient lacked any stigmata associated with the familial polyposis syndromes. This is the second well-documented case ...
Scheffer S M - - 1986
The observation by Heyde that unexplained gastrointestinal bleeding may be associated with aortic stenosis has been confirmed by many others. It has been suggested that the combination of gastrointestinal bleeding and aortic stenosis be termed Heyde's syndrome. Gastrointestinal bleeding in this syndrome has been attributed to angiodysplasia. Segmental resection of ...
Kisu T - - 1986
We experienced a case of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome with familial onset. The patient was a 32-year-old male with a gallstone and many bluish rubber bleb-like hemangiomas on the skin. He suffered from repeated rectal bleeding and underwent a sigmoidectomy at age 17. Gastrointestinal hemangiomas were recognized in the ...
Lance J W - - 1986
The relative importance of neural and humoral components in the pathogenesis of migraine has yet to be determined, but there is circumstantial evidence that implicates noradrenaline and serotonin as neural or humoral mediators in the recurrent headache, neurological and gastrointestinal symptoms that comprise the migraine syndrome. The treatment of migraine ...
Lax E - - 1986
A case of glucagonoma where repeated gastrointestinal examinations revealed excessive mucosal fold thickening of the duodenum and small bowel with a markedly delayed transit time is reported. These findings in the appropriate clinical setting led us to persevere with further investigations despite equivocal ultrasound and CT examinations. We wish to ...
Ohishi M - - 1985
A 21-year-old female complained of bluish soft tumors on her face. Her past history of anemia led us to investigate a possibility of "Blue Rubber-Bleb Nevus syndrome." Subsequent examinations revealed a severe iron-deficiency anemia and gastrointestinal tract hemangiomas. The facial hemangiomas were removed after controlling anemia. It is important to ...
Siskind B N - - 1985
The CT appearance of gastrointestinal involvement in Henoch-Schonlein syndrome is described. The protean manifestations of this disorder are easily confused both clinically and radiographically with those of many other conditions. Mural thickening, thickened folds, ulceration, and spasm are seen radiographically. The CT appearance of segmental mural thickening and luminal narrowing ...
Shepherd H A - - 1984
A clinical syndrome is described in 22 patients who present with epigastric pain alone or with hematemesis which is associated with a precedent history of recurrent early morning retching or postprandial retching. The characteristic endoscopic finding is a knuckle of inflamed and sometimes bleeding gastric mucosa which repeatedly prolapses into ...
Spence E K - - 1983
The slipping rib syndrome is a cause of upper abdominal pain that is not widely known, possibly because of failure of recognition rather than infrequent occurrence. The syndrome should be suspected when pain can be reproduced by a rib-hooking maneuver. However, a thorough evaluation including intercostal nerve blocks is necessary ...
Arnal-Monreal F - - 1983
Two siblings with multiple gastrointestinal atresias, from stomach to rectum, are reported. The pathological findings obtained from surgical material and complete autopsies are stressed. This syndrome, first described in 1973, presents a unique combination of clinical, radiologic and pathologic findings and is probably secondary to a malformative process taking place ...
Famuyiwa O O - - 1983
A case of the Othello syndrome is presented. In its classical form the syndrome is rare, but as with other allied paranoid states, its medicosocial implications are great. Rational management should include pharmacotherapy, conjoint family therapy after symptom remission, and long-term individual psychotherapy.
Bhala R P - - 1982
A device which permits an upper-extremity amputee person to play golf is described. The device is interchangeable with a hook or hand, fits into a standard prosthetic arm, and can be used by a right or left above-elbow amputee golf player. It is inexpensive, weights under a pound, and can ...
Love J W - - 1982
A syndrome exists in elderly patients of gastrointestinal tract bleeding (GIB) associated with calcific aortic stenosis (CAS). The bleeding, which may be chronic and massive, has been attributed to tiny mucosal vascular lesions which usually occur in the right colon. Selective mesenteric angiography is the best way to demonstrate the ...
Karasick D - - 1982
Proximal spinal muscular atrophy (Kugelberg-Welander syndrome) is a degenerating disease of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord with atrophy of the proximal muscles resembling muscular dystrophy. The patient in this report exhibits radiographic features in the gastrointestinal tract similar to those seen in the muscular dystrophies, including myotonic ...
Simon J W - - 1982
We report the association of oculocutaneous albinism and defective platelet function, the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, in two young Puerto Rican patients, a 17-year-old boy and a 9-year-old girl. Wide variation in pigmentation may obscure the diagnosis of albinism. Puerto Rican albinos are at increased risk of inheriting this autosomal recessive syndrome. ...
Rutlin E - - 1981
A 37-year old female with Turner's syndrome, iron deficiency anemia and intermittent gastrointestinal hemorrhage is described. Gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsies, revealed telangiectasia in the duodenal bulb, the cecum and the ascending colon. Endoscopy should be performed in patients with Turner's syndrome and anemia even if there are not signs of ...
Bar A - - 1980
The absorption and excretion in vivo of cholecalciferol or 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-HCC) were determined in chicks (Gallus domesticus) and turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo). The overall net cholecalciferol or 25-HCC absorption in chicks and cholecalciferol in turkey poults was 66.5 +/- 3.3, 74.9 +/- 3.7 and 83.6 +/- 7.1% of the intake, respectively. ...
Track N S - - 1980
Gastrointestinal endocrinology is the study of the hormonal regulation of digestion. A number of characterized polypeptide hormones have been localized in specific gastroenteropancreatic endocrine cells. The fact that some of these hormones are also found in nerve and brain cells has given rise to the concept of a gut-brain axis. ...
Weaver G A - - 1979
A patient is presented with Barrett's esophagus (lower esophagus lined with columnar epithelium) who also has a band of columnar epithelium in the upper esophagus separated from that below by normal squamous epithelium in the midesophagus. The upper most squamocolumnar junction coincided with or formed a mucosal ring as seen ...
Wilkie T F - - 1979
In 1884, Sir Frederick Treves first described a patient known as "The Elephant Man" because of grotesque facial and bodily deformities, presumably due to von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis. Because of these extreme deformities and disfigurements, this unfortunate man, although he was otherwise healthy, was socially ostracized and unable to live a ...
Robertson W C WC - - 1979
Ten football players seen from 1973 through 1977 at the University of Wisconsin Hospitals were found to have clinical and electrodiagnostic evidence of injury to the upper trunk of the brachial plexus. Each had upper limb paresis following one or more blows to the head or shoulders. The development of ...
Hitzman J L - - 1979
A middle-aged patient with "brown bowel syndrome" or gastrointestinal ceroidosis manifested as malabsorption of undetermined cause is described. Autopsy revealed involvement of the entire gastrointestinal tract and unusual cardiac findings. Microscopically, the pigment responsible for the discoloration is a lipofuchsin that is deposited in the smooth muscle cells of the ...
Manicourt D H - - 1979
A young female with osteomalacia complicating a blind loop syndrome associated with congenital megaduodenum is described. In this case, the correction of vitamin D malabsorption by administration of antibiotics highlights the role of massive intraluminal bacterial overgrowth from destruction of vitamin D, or decreased unicellar solubilization due to deconjugation of ...
Krantz J C - - 1978
There is no other over-the-counter (OTC) drug having the widespread use of aspirin. Evoking the well-established analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory activities with an amazingly low degree of toxicity, its use has increased in this country to the astounding figure of more than 20 tons daily. The observation that comparatively small ...
Johnson C C - - 1978
There are four recognized types of epicanthus: epicanthus supraciliaris, epicanthus palpebralis, epicanthus tarsalis, and epicanthus inversus. Epiblepharon is a congenital anomaly that may appear in upper or lower eyelids. In the lower lids it tends to regress spontaneously and must be differentiated from congenital entropion, because treatment of the two ...
Blendis L M - - 1978
Four patients with Felty's syndrome developed massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to oesophageal varices. The underlying hepatic pathology in all 4 was nodular regenerative hyperplasia. This appears to be a difficult histological diagnosis to make, having been initially reported as normal on percutaneous biopsy or as fibrosis or cirrhosis on ...
Smith E B - - 1978
To evaluate the mechanisms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the anastomotic complex, 151 anastomotic disruptions (representing a 20-year-study) were analyzed from records of St. Frances General Hospital, Pittsburgh. These leaks are serious postoperative problems which require individualized treatment. Prevention should be the main approach to controlling the syndrome.
Todd G J - - 1977
A retrospective study of 18 episodes of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding secondary to Mallory-Weiss syndrome occuring in 16 patients is presented. Reported cases published since 1969 have been summarized and compared with earlier collected series. It is evident that the clinical spectrum, prognosis, and opinion regarding etiology and treatment of ...
Cohen M I - - 1977
A case of documented Sézary syndrome, a cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, with gastrointestinal lymphocytic infiltration is presented. The symptom of diarrhea waxed and waned with the course of the disease process. Radiographic studies were normal, and no evidence of malabsorption was elicited. The diagnosis was established by endoscopic and biopsy techniques, ...
Kindblom L G - - 1977
The case report of a 72-year-old man with the characteristic clinical and pathologic-anatomic picture of the Cronkhite-Canada syndrome is presented. The clinical features and the radiographic appearance of the gastrointestinal tract suggested Ménétrier's disease. Subtotal gastrectomy was performed and at the subsequent pathologic-anatomic examination, the diagnosis of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome was ...
KaliciƄski Z H - - 1977
It was Hendren's contribution to introduce an aggressive restorative procedure for the entire urinary tract in children with the megaureter syndrome. Our own experience in applying this method enabled us to more critically assess its value and prompted us to introduce some modifications. Instead of longitudinally resecting the dilated ureter ...
Reisman T - - 1977
A case of Felty's syndrome with nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver, presinusoidal portal hypertension, and bleeding esophageal varices is reported. Increased splenic blood flow may be a contributing factor to the development of the regenerative nodules. The portal hypertension is postulated to be a result of intrahepatic vascular compression.
Weekes L R - - 1977
This ten-year study of the massive fibroid at the Queen of Angels Hospital will reveal an average of 66 cases per year which could be classified as large and massive. Only about ten cases per year qualify as massive (four gestational months or larger). There were none considered giant size ...
Jeffs R D - - 1977
Patients with prune belly syndrome present a spectrum of abnormality, both in the abdominal wall and the urinary tract. Ureteral pathology has characteristic features and the ureter may be more severely involved at the bladder end than in its upper portion. Early neonatal investigation is required to determine which patient ...
Raskin J B - - 1976
Juvenile polyposis coli associated with neurofibromatosis in a 24-year-old white man is reported. Juvenile polyposis coli is now recognized as a distinct clinical entity. Differentiating it from the other hereditable gastrointestinal polyposis syndromes is important because of the lack of reported malignancies. Radical surgery is unnecessary unless warranted by the ...
Thores O A - - 1973
An investigation into the incidence of Down's syndrome in British Columbia Indians disclosed that this was little different from that in the non-Indian population. The clinical features of the condition are common to both groups.
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